Questions tagged [grammatical-historical]

The historical-grammatical interpretation method involves attempting to discover the author's intent in a biblical passage by studying its grammar, syntax, literary genre, and textual and historical context.

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In Ex 40:12 is “sons” (heb. בָּנָ֔יו) exclusively masculine? If so, why?

Can the Hebrew בָּנָ֔יו In Ex 40:12 be translated as "children"--which includes males and females? For example, In the KJV בָּנָ֔יו is found 238 times and yet often it is translated as "...
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In Matthew 10:25, who is Beelzebub/Beelzeboul?

[Mat 10:25 NASB] (25) "It is enough for the disciple that he become like his teacher, and the slave like his master. If they have called the head of the house Beelzebul, how much more [will they ...
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What is the justification for English translations capitalizing “Word” in John 1:1?

What is the justification for English translations capitalizing “Word” in John 1:1? ΕΝ ΑΡΧΗ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. New International Version In the beginning ...
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Hebrews 9:27 speaks of things “after” death?

In Hebrews 9:27 (the strongs concordance numbers listed below) the Greek word "meta" is translated using the concept of "after" in most versions of the Bible. Heb 9:27 And <...
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Could Adam's Rib be an extended metaphor for the womb? [closed]

I am curious from reading the mehanical translation of Genesis (Jeff A Benner,) if the rib taken from Adam could be interpreted as the womb, and any solid information which supports or contradicts. I ...
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(Romans 8:26) “What” to pray And/Or “How” to pray of a specific prayer

I do Not have any comprehension and/or fluency in the Greek language(s). However, I wanted to get a better understanding of Romans 8:26 which is related to prayer. I might just be nit-picking. As I ...
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How to understand Isaiah 44:1&2?

. Isaiah 44:1 NASB But now listen, O Jacob, My servant, And Israel, whom I have chosen: וְעַתָּה שְׁמַע, יַעֲקֹב עַבְדִּי; וְיִשְׂרָאֵל, בָּחַרְתִּי בוֹ. י Isaiah 44:2 NASB Thus says the ...
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In Matthew 15:24 is “the lost sheep of the house of Israel” the same group as “the Samaritans”?

I've read various articles about the Samaritans but am still not clear on this: [Mat 15:24 ASV] But he answered and said, I was not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel. If Jesus ...
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What is the logic used in Romans 7:1-2 to help us know our relationship with the Law?

Romans 7:1-2 Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth? 2 For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the ...
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Matthew 7:12, Our Savior starts the statement with a therefore, to connect to the previous verses. What is the connection?

Matthew 7:7-12 (KJV) 7 Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you: 8 For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to ...
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What does “justified in the Spirit” refer to in 1 Timothy 3:16?

What does justified in the Spirit refer to in 1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, ...
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What is the “gospel of the Glory of Christ” in 2 Corinthians 4:4?

What is the gospel of the Glory of Christ in 2 Corinthians 4:4 ? 2 Corinthians 4:4 In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light ...
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In Job 8:11-19 what ancient wisdom is Bildad quoting?

In Job chapter 8, Bildad the Shuhite, in an attempt to show that Job was a hypocrite, makes an appeal to ancient wisdom (verses 8-10). Job 8:11-19: For enquire, I pray thee, of the former age, and ...
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Is Luke's mention of “the hour of prayer” in Acts 3:1 intended to establish that time as the time for Christians to pray?

Does the mention of "the hour of prayer" in Acts 3:1 suggest that Christians are to pray at a specific time?: Act 3:1  Now Peter and John went up together into the temple at the hour of prayer, ...
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In John 1:36 what is the background of the term “Lamb of God”?

John 1:36 King James Version (KJV) 36 And looking upon Jesus as he walked, he saith, Behold the Lamb of God! No one seems bewildered by this designation. Was it an idiom, a recognized concept in ...
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In Hebrews 9:16 does the author understand the covenant (διαθήκη) to be a “last will and testament”?

I notice that many English translations render διαθήκη in Hebrews 9:16 as either "will" or "testament": http://biblehub.com/hebrews/9-16.htm Is that correct or should it just be rendered "covenant" ...
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Should Philippians 2:11b read “to the glory of God” or “[is] in the glory of God”?

The Vulgate version of Philippians 2:11 reads: VUL et omnis lingua confiteátur, quia Dóminus Jesus Christus in glória est Dei Patris. Translation and every tongue confess that the Lord Jesus Christ ...
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Is 'darkness upon' in Genesis 1:2 cosmic, rather than merely terrestrial, despite that the central subject and Biblical grammar suggests the latter?

Is 'darkness upon' in Genesis 1:2 cosmic, rather than merely terrestrial, despite that the central subject (Earth) and Biblical Hebrew grammar (ex:Luke 23:44, Exodus 14:20, Deuteronomy 4:11, Joshua ...
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Woman behavior according to 1 Timothy 2.9-15 - historical context

I am meditating in the pastoral letters of Paul, trying to understand deeply his advice. However due to my lack of historical context knowledge, I couldn't really understand what he really meant on 1 ...
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During exegesis, should we consider the original language in which Jesus spoke?

When we do exegesis of Jesus's words for example should we take into consideration the original language in which he spoke? For example: Many try to argue that Jesus made a reference to Exodus 3:14-...
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Why does the singular form of שַׂעֲרָה appear in Job 4:15?

In the Book of Job, Eliphaz relates one palpable experience he had with a "רוּחַ" (translated spirit in the NASB), which had caused the hair of his body to stand on end. In Job 4:14-16 we read the ...
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What are the arguments used by literal interpreters of Ezekiel's temple (Ezek. 40-48)?

More detail about symbolic and apocalyptic interpretations of Ezekiel's temple were given in an answer to another question, but that answer left me wondering more about literal interpretations of ...
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What does the grammatical tense of the verb “judged” in 1 Peter 4:6 tell us about the order of the events in the verse?

In the following verse: For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit. (1 ...
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What evidence exists that supports the understanding of the Exodus as a deliverance metanarrative and not as a historical narrative?

Marcus Borg has proposed a "historical-metaphorical" reading of Exodus (particularly the narrative of the event itself) in which deliverance and salvation are established as key themes in a grand ...
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What sort of “slave” is Paul referring to in 1 Corinthians 7:21-23?

Paul writes the following in his first letter to the Corinthian church: Were you called while a slave? Do not worry about it; but if you are able also to become free, rather do that. For he who was ...
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In Exodus 20:7 what does it mean to “take the name of the Lord your God in vain”?

In Exodus 20:7 we read (what is commonly considered to be) the third Commandment: You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not leave him unpunished who takes His ...
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In the Peshitta, what is the difference between the original word translated “Sabbath” and that translated “week?”

In Matthew 28:1 of the Aramaic Peshitta text, the word translated "Sabbath" and the word translated "week" appear similar but with slight variation. Does anyone know what the significance is of the "...
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What is the difference between historical-grammatical and historical criticism?

The historical-grammatical method and historical criticism are both hermeneutical approaches seeking to uncover the original meaning of the text. What is the difference between the two?
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Redaction criticism and grammatical-historical hermeneutics

It appears that redaction criticism can be viewed either positively or negatively by proponents of a grammatical-historical hermeneutic (see this article)? What are the primary arguments for and ...
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What is “Regula Fidei”?

What is "Regula Fidei" and is this principle of interpretation considered obsolete by those who practice the Grammatical Historical approach to hermeneutics or does it survive in some form?
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What is the “Grammatical Historical Approach” to hermeneutics?

BH seems to be divided into several different approaches. What is the Grammatical Historical Approach and what are the primary ways that it differs from other modern approaches?