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Questions tagged [1-samuel]

The book of 1 Samuel, which chronicles the last days of Israel being ruled by judges and the transition into the monarchy with Saul as the first king.

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To judge by looks and appearances or Not. Choosing King David. (1 Samuel 16:7-14)

1 Samuel 16:7-14 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 7 But the Lord said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have rejected him; for [b]God sees ...
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Was Agag's mother alive during Saul's time?

"And Samuel said, As thy sword hath made women childless, so shall thy mother be childless among women. And Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before the Lord in Gilgal."- 1 Samuel 15:33. Was Agag's mother ...
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Why was Samuel reluctant in 1 Samuel 8 to appoint the king when Moses had already spoken about it in Deutoronomy 17:14?

1 Samuel 8:6 NASB 6 But the thing was [a]displeasing in the sight of Samuel when they said, “Give us a king to judge us.” And Samuel prayed to the Lord. But Moses had already foretold about this ...
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How was David known as “king of the land” while fleeing from Saul?

In 1 Samuel 21:10, David "flees" to Gath, and King Achish's servants say to him, "Is this not David, the king of the land?" This is positioned immediately after David's goodbye to Jonathan (1 Samuel ...
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Why did David fear Joab? 2 Sam 3:39

David is a great warrior(no doubt), at a very young age, He killed Goliath, killed a bear and he he generally considered fearless. But, while going through the Bible, I discovered David feared Joab ...
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Does the wording of 1 Samuel 18:21 suggest David was already married to Merab when Saul offered him Michal?

וַיֹּ֨אמֶר שָׁא֜וּל אֶתְּנֶ֤נָּה לֹּו֙ וּתְהִי־לֹ֣ו לְמֹוקֵ֔שׁ וּתְהִי־בֹ֖ו יַד־פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים וַיֹּ֤אמֶר שָׁאוּל֙ אֶל־דָּוִ֔ד בִּשְׁתַּ֛יִם תִּתְחַתֵּ֥ן בִּ֖י הַיֹּֽום׃ (WLC) “I will give her [...
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How is Saul's “בֶן־” (son) in 1 Samuel 20:31b to be understood?

Saul to Jonathan about David: WLC: וְעַתָּ֗ה שְׁלַ֨ח וְקַ֤ח אֹתֹו֙ אֵלַ֔י כִּ֥י בֶן־מָ֖וֶת הֽוּא׃ ס (ESV: Therefore send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die.) Is it standard and ...
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How would marrying Saul's daughter be a snare/stumbling block to David?

1 Samuel 18:20-21 (KJV): And Michal Saul's daughter loved David: and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him. And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand ...
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Why was Ishbosheth absent from the battle that killed Saul and his brothers?

1 Samuel 31:6 states that all of Saul's men died: So Saul and his three sons and his armor-bearer and all his men died together that same day. So Ishbosheth surviving them would suggest he wasn't ...
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Did David's mother have children to different fathers or does 2 Samuel 17:25 have another explanation?

In 1 Chronicles 2:13-17 (NIV), it's said that David and his brothers were the sons of Jesse, and that they had a sister named Abigail: Jesse was the father of Eliab his firstborn; the second son ...
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Why does 1 Kings 15:5 say David did not turn from the commands of the Lord except in the Uriah case?

1 Kings 15:5 NIV 5 For David had done what was right in the eyes of the Lord and had not failed to keep any of the Lord’s commands all the days of his life—except in the case of Uriah the Hittite. ...
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Abimelekh (Αβιμελεχ) in the LXX

Repeatedly in Ruth (e.g. 1:2, 1:3, 2:1...) and in I Samuel (21:1, 21:6, 21:8, 22:9), the LXX (in all printed critical versions, although some manuscripts correct this, see here for details) as well as ...
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In Acts 13:22, does “a man after my own heart” refer to David or Jesse?

After comparing 1 Samuel 13:14 with Acts 13:22, I have often wondered if Acts 13:22 means that Jesse rather than David was a man after God’s own heart. 1 Samuel 13:14 14 But now thy kingdom shall ...
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Did the menorah burn 24/7?

Exodus 27:20 says that "the lamp [/menorah is] to burn always" but in the next verse it says that "Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning". Moreover, 1 Sam 3:3 says "ere the lamp ...
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In 1 Samuel 9:16 is the “cry” about phillistines or their need for a king?

1 Samuel 9:16 NASB , 16 “About this time tomorrow I will send you a man from the land of Benjamin, and you shall anoint him to be prince over My people Israel; and he will deliver My people from ...
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In 1 Samuel 16:1-13 why did David not establish himself as king when Saul decided to go after him?

In 1 Samuel 16:1-13 David was anointed king of Israel. As far as I know when you're anointed king back in those days, you could already set up your kingdom after. I'm curious as to why - instead of ...
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Why did they celebrate again the day after the New Moon in 1 Samuel 20:27?

1 Samuel 20:24-27 So David hid himself in the field: and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat. 25And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon a seat by ...
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In 1 Samuel 28:15 did the witch at Endor actually bring up the spirit of Samuel from the land of the dead?

When the witch at Endor conjured up a spirit through her sorcery to speak with King Saul, the Holy Bible actually stated thus: "Then Samuel said to Saul, 'Why have you disturbed me by bringing me ...
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How did the Canaanites giants survive? [closed]

Modern day giants (e.g. Robert Wadlow) often have serious health problems. Yet according to 1 Samuel 17:4 Goliath was six cubits and a span high (ca. 320cm). Any hypotheses as to how the giants ...
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Who wore the ephod in 1 Samuel 30:7?

After a party of marauding Amalekites had invaded Negev & Ziklag taking David's people hostage. David asks Abiather to bring the ephod so that they may inquired from God.Its not clear who ...
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What does the phrase “to cover his feet” refer to in 1 Samuel 24:3?

1 Samuel 24:3 KJV 3 And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where was a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet: and David and his men remained in the sides of the cave. Its not clear what ...
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Why does Samuel say it was the threat of Nahash that made the Israelites ask for a king in 1Samuel 12:12?

1 Samuel 12:12-13 NASB [12]When you saw that Nahash the king of the sons of Ammon came against you, you said to me, 'No, but a king shall reign over us,' although the Lord your God was your king. ...
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In 1 Samuel 13 and 1 Samuel 15, for which act of Saul's disobedience did God take away the kingdom?

After offering an unsanctioned sacrifice Saul is told the kingdom has been taken away from him & has been given to a man after God's own heart 1 Samuel 13 NASB 8 Now he waited seven days, ...
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Was God lenient with the house of Samuel in 1 Samuel 8?

1 Samuel 8 New American Standard Bible (NASB) Israel Demands a King 8 And it came about when Samuel was old that he appointed his sons judges over Israel. 2 Now the name of his firstborn was Joel, ...
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What was the significance of pouring out water in 1 Samuel 7:6?

1 Samuel 7:6 KJV 6 And they gathered together to Mizpeh, and drew water, and poured it out before the LORD, and fasted on that day, and said there, We have sinned against the LORD. And Samuel ...
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How did the philistines move the ark of the covenant into the temple of Dagon in 1 Samuel 5?

1 Samuel 5:1-2 KJV 1 And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it from Ebenezer unto Ashdod. 2 When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and ...
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How long was the ark at Kirjath Jearim in 1 Samuel 7:2?

In the text its clear that the ark was captured & then kept afterwards at Kirjath Jearim before Saul had been anointed king & Saul went on to rule for about forty years.David came into power ...
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Why were the bodies of Saul & his sons cremated - 1 Samuel 31:11?

1 Samuel 31:11-13 (KJV) 11 And when the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard of that which the Philistines had done to Saul; 12 All the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of ...
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What is the meaning of the Hebrew name 'I-chabod' in 1 Samuel 4:21?

A new-born son was named 'I-chabod' by the dying mother. She said, ‘The glory has departed from Israel’ but the word also seems to infer a question, ‘Where is the glory?’ I note from a commentary that ...
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Why is Elkanah said to be an Ephraimite?

1 Samuel 1 [1]Now there was a certain man from Ramathaim-zophim from the hill country of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an ...
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Was the brutality of David's raids unusual by the standards of ancient warfare?

From 1 Samuel 27:8-9: 8 David and his men went up and raided the Geshurites, the Girzites, and the Amalekites. From ancient times they had been the inhabitants of the region through Shur as far as ...
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How many loaves of hallowed bread did David receive?

When fleeing from Saul, David goes to Nob and asks for bread: And David said to Ahimelech the priest, “The king has charged me with a matter and said to me, ‘Let no one know anything of the matter ...
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What is the appropriate translation for מַעֲדַנֹּ֑ת in 1 Samuel 15?

Traditional Jewish commentators render this as some version of 'shackled', academic translations (such as JPS) offer 'faltered steps'. The word מַעֲדַנֹּ֑ת appears to have the root ayin.dalet.nun. ...
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Did David not break his oath when he handed Saul's descendants to the Gibeonites in 2 Samuel 21?

After a severe drought David hands over Saul's descendants to the Gibeonites as an atonement for what Saul had done 2 Samuel 21:1-6 (KJV) 1 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years,...
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Circumcision and the Head of Goliath

In 1 Samuel 17:46, David taunts the Philistine giant saying, "This day the Lord will deliver you into my hands, and I’ll strike you down and cut off your head." And sure enough, when he defeats the ...
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How is Abiather linked to the house of Eli?

In 1 Samuel 2, Eli is cursed for letting his sons defile the house of God: 27 Then a man of God came to Eli and said to him, “Thus says the LORD: ‘Did I not clearly reveal Myself to the house of ...
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How did Saul find out that David had been anointed to be king?

In 1 Samuel 20:31, Saul tells Jonathan that David was a direct, major threat to his reign: For as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, neither you nor your kingdom will be established. ...
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Why did Samuel think that Saul would kill him given that all of Saul's recorded erratic behavior seems to have happened later?

This is a follow-up question to: https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/30959/would-saul-actually-have-killed-samuel-if-he-found-out-that-samuel-had-annointed Again, from 1 Samuel 16:1-3 (...
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How to understand the passage where Samuel said that God doesn't change his mind, but God regretted making Saul king?

From 1 Samuel 15: 27 As Samuel turned to leave, Saul caught hold of the hem of his robe, and it tore. 28 Samuel said to him, “The Lord has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today and has given it ...
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Why were “Milk Cows” specifically required in making appeasement for the ark? 1 Samuel 6:7

1-Samuel 6:7 (NKJV) "Now therefore, make a new cart, take two milk cows which have never been yoked, and hitch the cows to the cart; and take their calves home away from them. 1-Samuel 6:...
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Why does להבריאכם mean “to make yourselves fat” in 1 Samuel 2:29

למה תבעטו בזבחי ובמנחתי אשר צויתי מעון ותכבד את־בניך ממני להבריאכם מראשית כל־מנחת ישראל לעמי "Wherefore kick ye at my sacrifice and at mine offering, which I have commanded in my habitation; and ...
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The parallel account of The First Book of Samuel and Biblical inerrancy

I saw in the first book of Samuel some very similar accounts that leads me to believe that they come from different traditions. For example 1 Samuel 24 and 1 Samuel 26 or Saul throwing a spear at ...
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Who is the priest/kohen of 1 Sam 2:35?

Possible answers to this question such as David or Tsadok do not satisfy me because the former was not a priest and the latter didn't remain for ever. NASB, 1 Samuel 2:35 - But I will raise up for ...
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How did the servant know that the Lord was with David in 1 Samuel 16:18

How did one of the servants of Saul know that the Lord was with David in 1 Samuel 16:18?
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Nudity of Saul and the prophets in 1 Samuel 19:20-24

Further to my question, Nudity in the bible - Genesis 2 and 3, I have the following quote which I would like clarified. Adam and Eve felt shame when they were naked in the Garden of Eden yet, there ...
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Did Saul lie to Samuel in 1 Samuel 15:7?

1 Samuel 15:7 (KJV) 7 And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah until thou comest to Shur, that is over against Egypt. 8 And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed ...
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What does “an evil spirit from the Lord” mean?

In 1 Samuel 16:14 (KJV), the Scripture says: But the spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord troubled him. I am curious about the meaning of "an evil spirit from ...
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Can “ki” in 1 Samuel 2:25 be understood to mean something other than “because”?

I was reading 1 Samuel this evening and was struck by chapter 2, verse 25: כה אִם-יֶחֱטָא אִישׁ לְאִישׁ, וּפִלְלוֹ אֱלֹהִים, וְאִם לַיהוָה יֶחֱטָא-אִישׁ, מִי יִתְפַּלֶּל-לוֹ; וְלֹא יִשְׁמְעוּ ...
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In 1 Samuel 10:1 why does Samuel kiss Saul (in contrast to 1 Samuel 16:13)?

1 Samuel 10:1 Complete Jewish Bible (CJB): Then Sh’mu’el took a flask of oil he had prepared and poured it on Sha’ul’s head. He kissed him and said, “Adonai has anointed you to be prince over his ...
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1 Samuel 20:18: How was the First of the Month / New Moon Determined?

Closely Related: • Judaism.SE/How was Rosh Chodesh determined, if a New Moon Cannot be Seen? • Calculating months and weeks in the Mosaic Law • Astronomy.SE/How Soon Could a Waxing Crescent Moon Be ...