Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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Matt 25:40. Can Jesus' brethren be understood to be the righteous of verse 37?

I am looking for an answer based on the structure of the original Greek. I observe in my reading of Matthew 25:31-46 that the term " my brethren " occurs only in the first passage of Jesus' ...
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Isaiah 21:7-9 relates to Whom?

7 And he saw a chariot with two horsemen, a rider upon an ass, and a rider upon a camel: and he beheld them diligently with much heed. 8 And a lion cried out: I am upon the watchtower of the Lord, ...
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Who was Pharaoh in Joseph's time?

In Genesis 40:2 Pharaoh was furious with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker. Who was the Pharaoh? Note: similar question was asked about the Pharaoh of Ezekiel's time and an ...
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Who is the King of Babylon referenced in Isaiah 14:4 and 14:17?

[Isa 14:4, 17 NLT] (4) you will taunt the king of Babylon. You will say, "The mighty man has been destroyed. Yes, your insolence is ended. ... (17) Is this the one who destroyed the world and ...
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Whom is God talking to in Psalm 82:2?

Psalm 82 says: 1 God presides in the great assembly; he renders judgment among the “gods”. 2 How long will you defend the unjust and show partiality to the wicked? Who is "you" in this ...
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To whom Jesus refers “my God”?

Revelation 3:12 recorded (ESV) "the one who conquers I will make him a pillar in the trample of my God. Never shall he go out of it, and I will write on him the name of my God, and the name of ...
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How could King Herod have killed John the baptist in Matthew 14?

According to Matthew's narrative King Herod is said to have died whilst Christ was still a child in Egypt with his parents.It is said King Herod had been succeeded by his son Archelaus when Joseph ...
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25 views

Who are said to have the firstfruits of the Spirit in Romans 8:23?

Romans 8:23 NIV 23 Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption to sonship, the redemption of our bodies Is it 1)Apostles 2)...
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Who is the “you” in Isaiah 55:5?

Isaiah 55:5 English Standard Version Behold, you shall call a nation that you do not know, and a nation that did not know you shall run to you, because of the LORD your God, and of the Holy One of ...
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John 14:29-31 - who is the 'Prince' of this world?

Who does John 14:29-31 refer to 29 I have told you now before it happens, so that when it does happen you will believe. 30 I will not say much more to you, for the prince of this world is coming. He ...
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Who are to be Priest and Levites in Isaiah 66:21?

Isaiah 66:21 NIV 21 And I will select some of them also to be priests and Levites,” says the Lord. Who are to be selected as Priests and Levites?
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Which gold were they referring to in Matthew 23:16?

Matthew 23:16 NIV 16 “Woe to you, blind guides! You say, ‘If anyone swears by the temple, it means nothing; but anyone who swears by the gold of the temple is bound by that oath. Could the blind ...
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Translation of 1 John 5:16

I have a question regarding the translation of 1 John 5:16. In the verses below, I have highlighted the translated (added?) words I’m querying. Why does the NIV use ’you’ where the NKJV uses ’he’? [...
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Who are the archers in Genesis 49:23?

In Genesis 49 when Jacob blesses his sons it is said of Joseph that the archers bitterly attacked and shot at him Genesis 49:23 NASB “The archers bitterly attacked him, And shot at him and harassed ...
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Luke 12:1 Vulgate Text: “adtendite a fermento Pharisaeorum quae est hypocrisis”

This might not be the right forum to ask, but I couldn't think of a better one. If it is deemed unacceptable, I apologize in advance. I was reading Luke the other day, and inspired by the curiosity to ...
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Which is the correct translation of Isaiah 63:11?

The MT for Isaiah 63:11 is: וַיִּזְכֹּר יְמֵי-עוֹלָם, מֹשֶׁה עַמּוֹ; אַיֵּה הַמַּעֲלֵם מִיָּם, אֵת רֹעֵי צֹאנוֹ--אַיֵּה הַשָּׂם בְּקִרְבּוֹ, אֶת-רוּחַ קָדְשׁוֹ Isaiah 63:11 NASB Then His people ...
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Who is the 'we' in Daniel 2:36?

Daniel 2 29 “As Your Majesty was lying there, your mind turned to things to come, and the revealer of mysteries showed you what is going to happen. 30 As for me, this mystery has been revealed to me, ...
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Is לְהַעֲמִיד֣וֹ in 2 Chronicles 9:8 singular or plural?

2 Chronicles 9:8 "Blessed be the LORD your God who delighted in you, setting you on His throne as king for the LORD your God; because your God loved Israel establishing them [לְהַעֲמִיד֣וֹ] ...
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1 Corinthians 1:25, who is God?

1 Corinthians 1:25, (DRB): For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men. The question is so simple: Who is meant by God in the verse? God the father, or ...
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Who is/are the referent(s) of the Greek words “ho Theos” at Mark 13:19 and what does it mean there. Is it the same every else too?

The following verses have the words "ho Theos" in their Greek translations. There are a lot more. Mark 1:1 Matthew 3:9 Mark 13:19 Luke 2:19 Acts 2:11 John 8:42,47 Luke 1:26 Acts 26:6 ...
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Who are 'those' in Galatians 4:4-5?

Galatians 4:4-5 NKJV 4 But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born[a] of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the ...
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Who are the “among these that stand by” in Zechariah 3:7? [closed]

Who are the "among these that stand by" in Zechariah 3:7? Zechariah 3:7 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, then thou shalt also judge my ...
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Hebrews 10:31-“It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.” -Who is “the person” to be fearful of falling into the hand of God?

Is the verese 31, part of Chapter 10:26-31, or stand alone with v.30? Text: Heb 10: 26-31(ESV) "For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer ...
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Who is being supported and protected in Daniel 11:1?

Daniel 11:1 NIV 11 1 And in the first year of Darius the Mede, I took my stand to support and protect him.) In the above text its not clear who is being supported and protected. Who is the ...
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Who spoke in 2 Kings 6:33?

2 Kings 6:33 KJV 33 And while he yet talked with them, behold, the messenger came down unto him: and he said, Behold, this evil is of the Lord; what should I wait for the Lord any longer? In the ...
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Who is the son of the murderer in 2 Kings 6:32?

2 Kings 6:32 NASB 32 Now Elisha was sitting in his house, and the elders were sitting with him. And the king sent a man from his presence; but before the messenger came to him, he said to the ...
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In Ephesians 1:1 what does it mean by “God”, not “God the father”, nor “The father”, nor “His Father”?

Ephesians 1:1 (KJV); Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus: Could you give me theological approaches to:...
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What is the meaning of “it” in Jeremiah 19:5? “nor did it come into My mind”. E.S.V

Jeremiah 19:5 (ESV); and have built the high places of Baal to burn their sons in the fire as burnt offerings to Baal, which I did not command or decree, nor did it come into my mind-- Here are ...
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In 1 Timothy 6:15 did Paul mean God the Father or God the Son?

1 Timothy 6:15 (NIV): which God will bring about in his own time--God, the blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings and Lord of lords, What does Paul mean by "the blessed and only ruler, the king of ...
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Who committed adultery with stones and with stocks in Jeremiah 3:9?

Jeremiah 3:8-9 NIV 8 And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared ...
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Why does the author switch from plural to singular in Psalms 35:8,10?

Psalms 35:8 NASB 8 Let destruction come upon him unawares, And let the net which he hid catch himself; Into that very destruction let him fall. Psalms 35:10 NASB 10 All my bones will say,...
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How can we best interpret Matthew 24:5 in the Greek?

Full disclosure, I know very little Greek or Hebrew (apart from Strong's Concordance, etc.), but am a bit of a Bible nerd. I've added superscript letters in order to keep the person(s) clear in the ...
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Prayer of faith or oil that heals the sick in James 5:14-15?

James 5:14-15 NIV 14 Is anyone among you sick? Let them call the elders of the church to pray over them and anoint them with oil in the name of the Lord. 15 And the prayer offered in faith will ...
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Was it Peter only who received the keys of the kingdom in Matthew 16:19?

Matthew 16:19 NIV 19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be[d] bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be[e] loosed in heaven. Were ...
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Who is the “possessor of heaven and earth” in Genesis 14:19. Abraham or God?

Who is the "possessor of heaven and earth" in Genesis 14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 20 and blessed be the most high ...
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What is “the same thing” that is being referred to in Matthew 26:44?

In Gethsemane Christ seemingly prays two different prayers before he prays the last one Matthew 26:39 NIV 39 Going a little farther, he fell with his face to the ground and prayed, “My Father, if ...
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To whom does the term “one God” refer in Paul?

The term “one God,” is found in three of Paul’s letters: one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all. (Ephesians 4:6) εἷς θεὸς καὶ πατὴρ πάντων ὁ ἐπὶ πάντων καὶ διὰ πάντων ...
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Who does the word “them” in Revelation 20:9 refer to?

Could someone please show me which group the word "them" at the end of Revelation 20:9 points towards. Is this referent indirect or does it grammatically point to a specific group, either ...
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Who does Paul identify as creator at Romans 11:36?

Bible writers frequently identify the main participants at the beginning of their books. The first instance of “God” in Romans is anarthrous. He almost immediately hints at God’s identity in verses 3-...
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Exodus 4:22-26 - who was God going to kill? [duplicate]

And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the Lord", Israel is my son, even my firstborn: And I say unto thee, Let my son go, that he may serve me: and if thou refuse to let him go, behold, I ...
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In Psalm 37:23, who delights in whose way?

There are many different takes on how this verse should be translated. Does the LORD delight in the godly man's path or does the godly man enjoy his own path?: Translations for Psa 37:23 KJV ...
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Who is Jesus speaking to in the first part of Matthew 17:17?

Matt 17:14 ff: A man brings the case of his disturbed son to Jesus, stating he brought the son to Jesus' disciples first, and they couldn't heal him. Jesus responds: “You unbelieving and perverted ...
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Are Jesus' words in Matthew 23:37 regarding Jerusalem killing prophets historic or predictive?

Are Jesus' words in Matthew 23:37 regarding Jerusalem killing prophets about past murders (which are not documented in history prior to the first century) or to the persecution that he and his ...
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Does σπέρματος (descendants/seed) refer to Abraham's direct descendants or the nations in Hebrews 2:16?

Hebrews 2:16-18 New International Version (NIV) 16 For surely it is not angels he helps, but Abraham’s descendants 16 Οὐ γὰρ δή‿ που ἀγγέλων ἐπιλαμβάνεται ἀλλὰ σπέρματος Ἀβραὰμ ἐπιλαμβάνεται Does ...
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What are the “these things” referred to in 1 Timothy 4:15?

What are the "these things" referred to in 1 Timothy 4:15 Meditate upon these things; give thyself wholly to them; that thy profiting may appear to all. ? Is this the same word used in ...
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Who is the “them” in “them of old time”?

Matthew 5:21 says "Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time..." (KJV) This term is also used in verse 27. Prior to verse 21 Jesus is talking about the law, and the scribes and ...
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Matthew 4:16 - are the “region” and “shadow” of death different things?

"...and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up." Matthew 4:16b KJV Is this verse is talking about two separate but related things, or just one thing? As an example......
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Who is the “him that heareth” in Revelation 22:17?

Who is the "him that heareth" in Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take ...
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Is “then comes the end” in 1 Corinthians 15:24 an allusion to Daniel 12:6-13?

Is "the end" in 1 Corinthians 15:24 an allusion to Daniel 12:6-13?: [1Co 15:19-28 ESV] (19) If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied. (20) But in fact ...
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221 views

In Matthew 15:24 is “the lost sheep of the house of Israel” the same group as “the Samaritans”?

I've read various articles about the Samaritans but am still not clear on this: [Mat 15:24 ASV] But he answered and said, I was not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel. If Jesus ...

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