Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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Who is said to have the tent behind him in Genesis 18:10?

Genesis 18:9 And they said unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, in the tent. 10 And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife ...
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Did Jesus address Peter or Satan influencing Peter when he said “Get behind me, Satan!" in Matthew 16:23?

Matthew 16:23 (ESV): 23 But he turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a hindrance to me. For you are not setting your mind on the things of God, but on the things of man.” Was ...
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Who is the main speaker in Zechariah 2:8-9,11?

Zechariah 2:8-9,11 (NASB) “For thus says the LORD of hosts, “After glory He has sent me against the nations which plunder you, for he who touches you, touches the apple of His eye. For behold, I will ...
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Why did the angel of the LORD (YHWH) asked YHWH for information and receive comforting words in Zechariah 1:12 -13?

Zechariah 1:12-13 ASV Then the angel of Jehovah answered and said, O Jehovah of hosts, how long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which thou hast had ...
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The children/sons of God - Job 38:7 & Romans 8:16 - same children or different children?

This question is similar to one asked here, but applied to a different combination of texts & contexts. From Romans 8:16: The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the ...
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Was Christ referring to a particular group in the parable of the great banquet in Luke 14

Luke 14:15-18 NIV 15 When one of those at the table with him heard this, he said to Jesus, “Blessed is the one who will eat at the feast in the kingdom of God.” 16 Jesus replied: “A certain man was ...
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When does γραφή refer to the Tanakh vs additional holy writ vs writings in general?

The word γραφή ("scripture, writing") is used to refer to a variety of written documents - I'd like to understand the similarity or difference in meaning across 4 passages. It can refer to: ...
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Do Titus 1:2 + 2 Timothy 3:16 mean that scripture is inerrant?

Amended for clarity Two passages from Paul that are often used together: In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began; (Titus 1:2) All scripture is given by ...
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Who is the “other disciple” in John 18:16?

After Jesus' arrest: 15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest. 16 But ...
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Matt 25:40. Can Jesus' brethren be understood to be the righteous of verse 37?

I am looking for an answer based on the structure of the original Greek. I observe in my reading of Matthew 25:31-46 that the term " my brethren " occurs only in the first passage of Jesus' ...
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Isaiah 21:7-9 relates to Whom?

7 And he saw a chariot with two horsemen, a rider upon an ass, and a rider upon a camel: and he beheld them diligently with much heed. 8 And a lion cried out: I am upon the watchtower of the Lord, ...
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216 views

Who was Pharaoh in Joseph's time?

In Genesis 40:2 Pharaoh was furious with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker. Who was the Pharaoh? Note: similar question was asked about the Pharaoh of Ezekiel's time and an ...
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Which Caesar did Paul demand to appear before?

Acts 27:24a and said, 'Do not be afraid, Paul. You must stand trial before Caesar.' The title "Caesar" was given to a number of Roman rulers. To which Caesar does the text refer?
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Who is the King of Babylon referenced in Isaiah 14:4 and 14:17?

[Isa 14:4, 17 NLT] (4) you will taunt the king of Babylon. You will say, "The mighty man has been destroyed. Yes, your insolence is ended. ... (17) Is this the one who destroyed the world and ...
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Whom is God talking to in Psalm 82:2?

Psalm 82 says: 1 God presides in the great assembly; he renders judgment among the “gods”. 2 How long will you defend the unjust and show partiality to the wicked? Who is "you" in this ...
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To whom Jesus refers “my God”?

Revelation 3:12 recorded (ESV) "the one who conquers I will make him a pillar in the trample of my God. Never shall he go out of it, and I will write on him the name of my God, and the name of ...
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How could King Herod have killed John the baptist in Matthew 14?

According to Matthew's narrative King Herod is said to have died whilst Christ was still a child in Egypt with his parents.It is said King Herod had been succeeded by his son Archelaus when Joseph ...
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Who are said to have the firstfruits of the Spirit in Romans 8:23?

Romans 8:23 NIV 23 Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption to sonship, the redemption of our bodies Is it 1)Apostles 2)...
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Who is the “you” in Isaiah 55:5?

Isaiah 55:5 English Standard Version Behold, you shall call a nation that you do not know, and a nation that did not know you shall run to you, because of the LORD your God, and of the Holy One of ...
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John 14:29-31 - who is the 'Prince' of this world?

Who does John 14:29-31 refer to 29 I have told you now before it happens, so that when it does happen you will believe. 30 I will not say much more to you, for the prince of this world is coming. He ...
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Who are to be Priest and Levites in Isaiah 66:21?

Isaiah 66:21 NIV 21 And I will select some of them also to be priests and Levites,” says the Lord. Who are to be selected as Priests and Levites?
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Which gold were they referring to in Matthew 23:16?

Matthew 23:16 NIV 16 “Woe to you, blind guides! You say, ‘If anyone swears by the temple, it means nothing; but anyone who swears by the gold of the temple is bound by that oath. Could the blind ...
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Translation of 1 John 5:16

I have a question regarding the translation of 1 John 5:16. In the verses below, I have highlighted the translated (added?) words I’m querying. Why does the NIV use ’you’ where the NKJV uses ’he’? [...
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Who are the archers in Genesis 49:23?

In Genesis 49 when Jacob blesses his sons it is said of Joseph that the archers bitterly attacked and shot at him Genesis 49:23 NASB “The archers bitterly attacked him, And shot at him and harassed ...
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Luke 12:1 Vulgate Text: “adtendite a fermento Pharisaeorum quae est hypocrisis”

This might not be the right forum to ask, but I couldn't think of a better one. If it is deemed unacceptable, I apologize in advance. I was reading Luke the other day, and inspired by the curiosity to ...
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Which is the correct translation of Isaiah 63:11?

The MT for Isaiah 63:11 is: וַיִּזְכֹּר יְמֵי-עוֹלָם, מֹשֶׁה עַמּוֹ; אַיֵּה הַמַּעֲלֵם מִיָּם, אֵת רֹעֵי צֹאנוֹ--אַיֵּה הַשָּׂם בְּקִרְבּוֹ, אֶת-רוּחַ קָדְשׁוֹ Isaiah 63:11 NASB Then His people ...
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Who is the 'we' in Daniel 2:36?

Daniel 2 29 “As Your Majesty was lying there, your mind turned to things to come, and the revealer of mysteries showed you what is going to happen. 30 As for me, this mystery has been revealed to me, ...
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Is לְהַעֲמִיד֣וֹ in 2 Chronicles 9:8 singular or plural?

2 Chronicles 9:8 "Blessed be the LORD your God who delighted in you, setting you on His throne as king for the LORD your God; because your God loved Israel establishing them [לְהַעֲמִיד֣וֹ] ...
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1 Corinthians 1:25, who is God?

1 Corinthians 1:25, (DRB): For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men. The question is so simple: Who is meant by God in the verse? God the father, or ...
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Who is/are the referent(s) of the Greek words “ho Theos” at Mark 13:19 and what does it mean there. Is it the same every else too?

The following verses have the words "ho Theos" in their Greek translations. There are a lot more. Mark 1:1 Matthew 3:9 Mark 13:19 Luke 2:19 Acts 2:11 John 8:42,47 Luke 1:26 Acts 26:6 ...
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Who are 'those' in Galatians 4:4-5?

Galatians 4:4-5 NKJV 4 But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born[a] of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the ...
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Who are the “among these that stand by” in Zechariah 3:7? [closed]

Who are the "among these that stand by" in Zechariah 3:7? Zechariah 3:7 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, then thou shalt also judge my ...
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1answer
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Hebrews 10:31-“It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.” -Who is “the person” to be fearful of falling into the hand of God?

Is the verese 31, part of Chapter 10:26-31, or stand alone with v.30? Text: Heb 10: 26-31(ESV) "For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer ...
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Who is being supported and protected in Daniel 11:1?

Daniel 11:1 NIV 11 1 And in the first year of Darius the Mede, I took my stand to support and protect him.) In the above text its not clear who is being supported and protected. Who is the ...
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Who spoke in 2 Kings 6:33?

2 Kings 6:33 KJV 33 And while he yet talked with them, behold, the messenger came down unto him: and he said, Behold, this evil is of the Lord; what should I wait for the Lord any longer? In the ...
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Who is the son of the murderer in 2 Kings 6:32?

2 Kings 6:32 NASB 32 Now Elisha was sitting in his house, and the elders were sitting with him. And the king sent a man from his presence; but before the messenger came to him, he said to the ...
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In Ephesians 1:1 what does it mean by “God”, not “God the father”, nor “The father”, nor “His Father”?

Ephesians 1:1 (KJV); Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus: Could you give me theological approaches to:...
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What is the meaning of “it” in Jeremiah 19:5? “nor did it come into My mind”. E.S.V

Jeremiah 19:5 (ESV); and have built the high places of Baal to burn their sons in the fire as burnt offerings to Baal, which I did not command or decree, nor did it come into my mind-- Here are ...
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In 1 Timothy 6:15 did Paul mean God the Father or God the Son?

1 Timothy 6:15 (NIV): which God will bring about in his own time--God, the blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings and Lord of lords, What does Paul mean by "the blessed and only ruler, the king of ...
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Who committed adultery with stones and with stocks in Jeremiah 3:9?

Jeremiah 3:8-9 NIV 8 And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared ...
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Why does the author switch from plural to singular in Psalms 35:8,10?

Psalms 35:8 NASB 8 Let destruction come upon him unawares, And let the net which he hid catch himself; Into that very destruction let him fall. Psalms 35:10 NASB 10 All my bones will say,...
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How can we best interpret Matthew 24:5 in the Greek?

Full disclosure, I know very little Greek or Hebrew (apart from Strong's Concordance, etc.), but am a bit of a Bible nerd. I've added superscript letters in order to keep the person(s) clear in the ...
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Prayer of faith or oil that heals the sick in James 5:14-15?

James 5:14-15 NIV 14 Is anyone among you sick? Let them call the elders of the church to pray over them and anoint them with oil in the name of the Lord. 15 And the prayer offered in faith will ...
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654 views

Was it Peter only who received the keys of the kingdom in Matthew 16:19?

Matthew 16:19 NIV 19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be[d] bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be[e] loosed in heaven. Were ...
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433 views

Who is the “possessor of heaven and earth” in Genesis 14:19. Abraham or God?

Who is the "possessor of heaven and earth" in Genesis 14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 20 and blessed be the most high ...
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What is “the same thing” that is being referred to in Matthew 26:44?

In Gethsemane Christ seemingly prays two different prayers before he prays the last one Matthew 26:39 NIV 39 Going a little farther, he fell with his face to the ground and prayed, “My Father, if ...
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196 views

To whom does the term “one God” refer in Paul?

The term “one God,” is found in three of Paul’s letters: one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all. (Ephesians 4:6) εἷς θεὸς καὶ πατὴρ πάντων ὁ ἐπὶ πάντων καὶ διὰ πάντων ...
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Who does the word “them” in Revelation 20:9 refer to?

Could someone please show me which group the word "them" at the end of Revelation 20:9 points towards. Is this referent indirect or does it grammatically point to a specific group, either ...
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176 views

Who does Paul identify as creator at Romans 11:36?

Bible writers frequently identify the main participants at the beginning of their books. The first instance of “God” in Romans is anarthrous. He almost immediately hints at God’s identity in verses 3-...
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893 views

Exodus 4:22-26 - who was God going to kill? [duplicate]

And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the Lord", Israel is my son, even my firstborn: And I say unto thee, Let my son go, that he may serve me: and if thou refuse to let him go, behold, I ...

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