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Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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In Matthew 5:3 what kind of dative is “τῷ πνεύματι”?

Disclaimer: I have no formal education in Koine. NASB/GNT Matthew 5: 3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to them. 3 Μακάριοι οἱ πτωχοὶ τῷ πνεύματι, ὅτι ...
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Which custom does 1 Corinthians 11:16 say the saints are to ignore?

But if any man seem to be contentious, we have no such custom, neither the churches of God. - 1 Corinthians 11:16 Upon reading this verse in the context of the preceding passage, I get the ...
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Can Luke's use of κράτιστε be taken as his way of acknowledging someone who held the office of High Priest?

1 Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile an account of the things accomplished among us, 2 just as they were handed down to us by those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and servants of ...
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Was it Daniel who did not understand the vision in Daniel 8:27?

After narrating some visions to Daniel (Daniel 8:1-25) at the end its not clear who did not understand what had just been narrated Daniel 8:27 NKJV 27 And I, Daniel, fainted and was sick for days; ...
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In Luke 2:14 is it “peace on earth” or “peace on [the promised] land (Israel)”?

ESV Luke 2:14 “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among those with whom he is pleased!” ΚΑΤΑ ΛΟΥΚΑΝ 2:14 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants] Δόξα ἐν ...
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Are the 1290 days in Daniel 12 related to the 2300 evenings and mornings in Daniel 8?

Daniel 12:6-11 ESV 6 And someone said to the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the stream,[b] “How long shall it be till the end of these wonders?” 7 And I heard the man clothed in ...
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By whose transgression is the sanctuary cast down and daily sacrifices taken away in Daniel 8:9-12?

Daniel 8:9-12 KJV 9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land. 10 And it waxed great, even ...
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How should the 2300 evenings and mornings be understood in Daniel 8:13-14?

Daniel 8:13-14 NASB 13 Then I heard a holy one speaking, and another holy one said to that particular one who was speaking, “How long will the vision about the regular sacrifice apply, [o]while the ...
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Who is being judged in 2 Corinthians 5:10?

Who is included in the "we all" of 2 Corinthians 5:10? Is it just believers who appear before the judgment seat of Christ? Or does Paul include non-believers as well? 10For we must all appear ...
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In 1 John 2:5 what is meant by “his word”?

1Jn 2:3  And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments.  1Jn 2:4  He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.  1Jn 2:...
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To whom is Psalm 46:10 spoken?

Psalm 46:10 is written as a proclamation from God: Be still, and know that I am God.     I will be exalted among the nations,     I will be ...
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In 1 Corinthians 10:21 what are “the cup” and “the table of the Lord”?

1Co 10:21  Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils. Of what cup and table does he speak? I see these ...
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Does the phrase “tear you to pieces” refer to dogs or swine in Matthew 7:6?

Matthew 7:6 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 6 “Do not give what is holy to dogs, and do not throw your pearls before swine, or they will trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to ...
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Who gave the charge to Joshua during his inauguration in Deutoronomy 31:22-23?

Moses is told to bring Joshua so that God will inaugurate him to take over from Moses. Deutoronomy 31:14 NKJV 14 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Behold, the days approach when you must die; call ...
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Does μετανοίας(repentance) refer to Esau or Isaac in Hebrews 12:17?

Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] ἴστε γὰρ ὅτι καὶ μετέπειτα θέλων κληρονομῆσαι τὴν εὐλογίαν ἀπεδοκιμάσθη, μετανοίας γὰρ τόπον οὐχ εὗρεν, καίπερ μετὰ δακρύων ἐκζητήσας αὐτήν. Hebrews 12:17 (KJV) ...
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Who are said to come up to the mountain in Exodus 19:13?

Exodus 19:13 (NASB) 13 No hand shall touch him, but he shall surely be stoned or [a]shot through; whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the ram’s horn sounds a long blast, they shall come ...
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176 views

Who are the four angels in Revelation 9?

Revelation 9:13-15 NASB 13 Then the sixth angel sounded, and I heard [a]a voice from the [b]four horns of the golden altar which is before God, 14 one saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, ...
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In 1 Timothy 3:9 what is the “mystery of the faith”?

KJV 1 Timothy 3:9  Holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience. By "the mystery of the faith" does Paul mean the gospel itself? Or some particular aspect of the gospel? Why does it refer to ...
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Who is the serpent's seed in Genesis 3:15?

KJV Gen 3:15  and I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed: he shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. God says that going forward as a ...
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Is 1 Timothy 1:17 about God or about Jesus?

I am primarily interested in the phrase "the King eternal": New International Version 1 Timothy 1:17 Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory for ever and ...
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Is 1 Timothy 6:15-16 about God or about Jesus?

YLT 1Ti 6:13  I charge thee, before God, who is making all things alive, and of Christ Jesus, who did testify before Pontius Pilate the right profession,  1Ti 6:14  that thou keep the command ...
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In Ephesian 5:27 what does Christ “present to himself”?

I was struck with the oddness of a groom "presenting" one's bride "to himself" as it doesn't match our culture where the father of the bride "gives away" his daughter. As I looked at this familiar ...
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Who is the “we” (ἐσμέν) who are “of all people most to be pitied” in 1 Corinthians 15:19?

Who is the "we" in ἐσμέν in 1 Corinthians 15:19? ESV 1 Cor 15:19 If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied. In particular, who are the ones pitied ...
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To whom was Christ referring to in Luke 9:41?

Luke 9:37-42 (NKJV) 37 Now it happened on the next day, when they had come down from the mountain, that a great multitude met Him. 38 Suddenly a man from the multitude cried out, saying, “Teacher, ...
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What is Jeremiah referring to in Jeremiah 33:2?

Jeremiah 33:2 (NKJV) 2 “Thus says the LORD who made it, the LORD who formed it to establish it (the LORD is His name): In the above text its not clear what the prophet Jeremiah is referring to,...
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In Romans 11:11 who is made jealous of whom?

YLT Rom 11:11 I say, then, Did they stumble that they might fall? let it not be! but by their fall the salvation is to the nations, to arouse them to jealousy; Do the fallen Jews make the ...
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To whom were the Jews referring in John 6:31?

John 6:31 New King James Version (NKJV) 31 Our fathers ate the manna in the desert; as it is written, ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’”[a] In the following text Christ accuses the Jews as ...
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In Ruth 1:2 what is the meaning of אפרתים (commonly translated “Efrathites”)?

In Ruth 1:2, Naomi, Elimelech, Machlon and Kilyon are referred to as אפרתים, or Efrathites. To me, the simplest understanding would be that they come from Efrat (see Genesis 35:19, 1 Samuel 17:12, ...
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Is “the day of the LORD” a particular day or any visitation?

The phrase "day of the LORD" is used multiple times in scripture. Do they all point to the same event or to multiple events? Barnes, in "Barnes' Notes" suggests that it is descriptive rather than ...
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Does the grammar of Romans 5:9 suggest from whose wrath “we will be saved”?

Romans 5:9 ends with the phrase σωθησόμεθα δι’ αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῆς ὀργῆς -- "we will be saved by him from the wrath". Most, though not all, English translations add "of God" to qualify "wrath". What ...
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Are these two different groups that are being referred to in Numbers 14:22-23?

Numbers 14:22-23 (KJV) 22 Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tempted me now these ten times, and have not ...
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To what does “the word of God and testimony of Jesus Christ” refer in Revelation 1:2?

In the opening of Revelation we read (NIV emphasis mine): The revelation from Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel ...
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In Isaiah 45:23 is God saying that all shall bow to God or to Cyrus?

NIV Isaiah 45:23 By myself I have sworn, my mouth has uttered in all integrity a word that will not be revoked: Before me every knee will bow; by me every tongue will swear. In the BibleHub ...
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Who all is an idolater according to Ephesians 5:5?

In Ephesians 5:5 (NIV) we read: For of this you can be sure: No immoral, impure or greedy person—such a person is an idolater—has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God. On initially ...
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69 views

In John 10:18 what command did Jesus receive from his father?

New International Version John 10: 17The reason my Father loves me is that I lay down my life—only to take it up again. 18 No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority ...
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199 views

What is the “book of the wars” mentioned in Numbers 21:14?

Numbers 21:14 (NKJV) 14 Therefore it is said in the Book of the Wars of the LORD: “Waheb in Suphah, The brooks of the Arnon, Could the book of wars be the one Moses wrote & recited to ...
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Who are “the rest” in Acts 5:13?

Acts 5:12-14 reads: 12 At the hands of the apostles many signs and wonders were taking place among the people; and they were all with one accord in Solomon’s portico. 13 But none of the rest ...
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Who is being referred to as Εις ανδρα τελειον in Ephesians 4:13?

Ephesians 4:13 (NKJV) 13 till we all come to the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a perfect man, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ; Ephesians 4:...
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Are the seventy elders mentioned in Exodus 24 the same as the ones mentioned in Numbers 11?

When Moses goes up the mountain to meet the Lord he is instructed to bring along seventy elders. Exodus 24:1 (KJV) 1 And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and ...
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Who is being referred to in Exodus 1:20-21?

Exodus 1:20-21 [20]So God was good to the midwives, and the people multiplied, and became very mighty. [21]Because the midwives feared God, He established households for them. In the above text ...
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Who were the priests the LORD was referring to prior to the giving of the Law and the ordination of Aaron? (Exodus 19:22-24)

The events of Exodus 19 onward occurred during the first Pentecost. These events took place about 50 days after the first Passover in Egypt. There were no ordained priests in Israel yet. The only ...
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The Clever Enchanter

In Isaiah 3:3 the prophet describes what will happen when Israel is no longer in God's favor. Specifically it lists resources, public service, defense that will be lost, but what is the "clever ...
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Who is the source of Job's afflictions in Job 1& 2?

In one instance it seems like God is afflicting Job Job 1:11 (KJV) 11 But put forth thine hand now, and touch all that he hath, and he will curse thee to thy face. Job 1:16 (KJV) 16 While he ...
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260 views

What are the sayings of Hozai (the Seers) according to 2-Ch 33:19

2 Chronicles 33:19 Also his prayer and how God received his entreaty, and all his sin and trespass, and the sites where he built high places and set up wooden images and carved images, before ...
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What is “the last trumpet” to which Paul refers in 1 Cor 15:52?

1 Corinthians 15:52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For there to ...
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What and where are the “springs of living water” in Revelation 7:9-17?

Looking at the following texts: Revelation 7:9 After this I looked, and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language, ...
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What were the four standards around which the tribes of Israel were camped (Numbers 2:1-34)?

H1714 Original: דּגל Transliteration: degel BDB Definition: 1) banner, standard Numbers 2:17 (NKJV) "And the tabernacle of meeting shall move out with the camp of the ...
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363 views

What is the Serpent Well in Nehemiah 2:13?

Nehemiah 2:13 (NKJV) And I went out by night through the Valley Gate to the Serpent Well and the Refuse Gate, and viewed the walls of Jerusalem which were broken down and its gates which were ...
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Fourth from whom in Genesis 15:12-16?

(KJV) Genesis 15:12 12 And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him. 13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy ...
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In Romans 12:1 - What is “Therefore” there for?

Question: In Romans 12:1 - What is "Therefore" there for? Is "therefore" there to indicate that Paul is concluding an argument? If so, what was the justification that Paul gave previously in order ...