Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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Who is being supported and protected in Daniel 11:1?

Daniel 11:1 NIV 11 1 And in the first year of Darius the Mede, I took my stand to support and protect him.) In the above text its not clear who is being supported and protected. Who is the ...
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Who spoke in 2 Kings 6:33?

2 Kings 6:33 KJV 33 And while he yet talked with them, behold, the messenger came down unto him: and he said, Behold, this evil is of the Lord; what should I wait for the Lord any longer? In the ...
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Who is the son of the murderer in 2 Kings 6:32?

2 Kings 6:32 NASB 32 Now Elisha was sitting in his house, and the elders were sitting with him. And the king sent a man from his presence; but before the messenger came to him, he said to the ...
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In Ephesians 1:1 what does it mean by “God”, not “God the father”, nor “The father”, nor “His Father”?

Ephesians 1:1 (KJV); Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus: Could you give me theological approaches to:...
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What is the meaning of “it” in Jeremiah 19:5? “nor did it come into My mind”. E.S.V

Jeremiah 19:5 (ESV); and have built the high places of Baal to burn their sons in the fire as burnt offerings to Baal, which I did not command or decree, nor did it come into my mind-- Here ...
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581 views

In 1 Timothy 6:15 did Paul mean God the Father or God the Son?

1 Timothy 6:15 (NIV): which God will bring about in his own time--God, the blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings and Lord of lords, What does Paul mean by "the blessed and only ruler, the king of ...
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33 views

Who committed adultery with stones and with stocks in Jeremiah 3:9?

Jeremiah 3:8-9 NIV 8 And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared ...
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Why does the author switch from plural to singular in Psalms 35:8,10?

Psalms 35:8 NASB 8 Let destruction come upon him unawares, And let the net which he hid catch himself; Into that very destruction let him fall. Psalms 35:10 NASB 10 All my bones will say,...
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How can we best interpret Matthew 24:5 in the Greek?

Full disclosure, I know very little Greek or Hebrew (apart from Strong's Concordance, etc.), but am a bit of a Bible nerd. I've added superscript letters in order to keep the person(s) clear in the ...
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Prayer of faith or oil that heals the sick in James 5:14-15?

James 5:14-15 NIV 14 Is anyone among you sick? Let them call the elders of the church to pray over them and anoint them with oil in the name of the Lord. 15 And the prayer offered in faith will ...
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Was it Peter only who received the keys of the kingdom in Matthew 16:19?

Matthew 16:19 NIV 19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be[d] bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be[e] loosed in heaven. Were ...
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Who is the “possessor of heaven and earth” in Genesis 14:19. Abraham or God?

Who is the "possessor of heaven and earth" in Genesis 14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 20 and blessed be the most high ...
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What is “the same thing” that is being referred to in Matthew 26:44?

In Gethsemane Christ seemingly prays two different prayers before he prays the last one Matthew 26:39 NIV 39 Going a little farther, he fell with his face to the ground and prayed, “My Father, if ...
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To whom does the term “one God” refer in Paul?

The term “one God,” is found in three of Paul’s letters: one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all. (Ephesians 4:6) εἷς θεὸς καὶ πατὴρ πάντων ὁ ἐπὶ πάντων καὶ διὰ ...
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Who does the word “them” in Revelation 20:9 refer to?

Does the word "them" at the end of Revelation 20:9 point to those who "surround" or those who are being "surrounded"? Re 20:8 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters ...
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Who does Paul identify as creator at Romans 11:36?

Bible writers frequently identify the main participants at the beginning of their books. The first instance of “God” in Romans is anarthrous. He almost immediately hints at God’s identity in verses ...
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In Psalm 37:23, who delights in whose way?

There are many different takes on how this verse should be translated. Does the LORD delight in the godly man's path or does the godly man enjoy his own path?: Translations for Psa 37:23 KJV ...
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Who is Jesus speaking to in the first part of Matthew 17:17?

Matt 17:14 ff: A man brings the case of his disturbed son to Jesus, stating he brought the son to Jesus' disciples first, and they couldn't heal him. Jesus responds: “You unbelieving and perverted ...
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Are Jesus' words in Matthew 23:37 regarding Jerusalem killing prophets historic or predictive?

Are Jesus' words in Matthew 23:37 regarding Jerusalem killing prophets about past murders (which are not documented in history prior to the first century) or to the persecution that he and his ...
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Does σπέρματος (descendants/seed) refer to Abraham's direct descendants or the nations in Hebrews 2:16?

Hebrews 2:16-18 New International Version (NIV) 16 For surely it is not angels he helps, but Abraham’s descendants 16 Οὐ γὰρ δή‿ που ἀγγέλων ἐπιλαμβάνεται ἀλλὰ σπέρματος Ἀβραὰμ ἐπιλαμβάνεται ...
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What are the “these things” referred to in 1 Timothy 4:15?

What are the "these things" referred to in 1 Timothy 4:15 Meditate upon these things; give thyself wholly to them; that thy profiting may appear to all. ? Is this the same word used in ...
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Who is the “them” in “them of old time”?

Matthew 5:21 says "Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time..." (KJV) This term is also used in verse 27. Prior to verse 21 Jesus is talking about the law, and the scribes and ...
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Matthew 4:16 - are the “region” and “shadow” of death different things?

"...and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up." Matthew 4:16b KJV Is this verse is talking about two separate but related things, or just one thing? As an example......
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Who is the “him that heareth” in Revelation 22:17?

Who is the "him that heareth" in Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take ...
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What does 2 Kings 19:28 interpret?

In 2 Kings 19:28 (NIV), the verse states that a "hook" will be planted in the nose, and a "bit" in the mouth. Does this signify a response to an assault, for it is stated that it will "make you come ...
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Is “then comes the end” in 1 Corinthians 15:24 an allusion to Daniel 12:6-13?

Is "the end" in 1 Corinthians 15:24 an allusion to Daniel 12:6-13?: [1Co 15:19-28 ESV] (19) If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied. (20) But in fact ...
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In Matthew 15:24 is “the lost sheep of the house of Israel” the same group as “the Samaritans”?

I've read various articles about the Samaritans but am still not clear on this: [Mat 15:24 ASV] But he answered and said, I was not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel. If Jesus ...
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131 views

Is the beloved city in Revelation 20 the same as the new city in Revelation 21?

We are told that Christ will reign with the resurrected saints for a thousand years in the camp of the saints and the beloved city which will lead eventually to the demise of satan. Revelation 20,4-9 ...
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My question is about the kings as recorded in the book of Isaiah

In Isaiah 6:1, was king Azariah the same as King Uzziah? Compare 2 Kings 15:1-7.
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Who are the “chiefest apostles” in 2Co 11:5?

After Paul scolds the Corinthians for bearing people who preach things not according to Christ, he says: For I reckon that I am not a whit behind the very chiefest apostles.(ASV) Paul proceeds to ...
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Is Matthew 16:18 a resurrection prediction?

On the basis that by "this rock" Jesus means himself and "the gates of Hades" means the power of death, does the "it" at the end of the verse refer to the rock, i.e. to Jesus (rather than to the ...
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Who are 'them' in Numbers 20:13?

After the sons of Israel had contended against God concerning water,and Moses had not followed instructions it is said God proved himself holy among them Numbers 20:13 NASB ” 13 Those were the ...
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Who is the second child in Ecclesiastes 4:15?

YLT - 4:13 Better is a poor and wise youth than an old and foolish king, who hath not known to be warned any more. YLT - 4:14 For from a house of prisoners he hath come out to reign, for even in his ...
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In ancient Rome who were the many “lords” (KURIOI)?

Some think that calling Jesus "one KURIOS" in verse 6 that he is referring to the Tetragrammaton (IE: "YHVH"). However, he seems to be saying that the Romans considered many to be KURIOI, so it seems ...
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In Hebrews 12:23 who are “the gathering of the firstborn [plural]”?

[Heb 12:18, 22-24 CSB] (18) For you have not come to what could be touched, to a blazing fire, to darkness, gloom, and storm, ... (22) Instead, you have come to Mount Zion, to the city of the living ...
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In 1 Timothy 6:6-16 to what does Paul refer when he says “the good confession”?

Jesus spoke about the dangers of riches: [Mar 10:23 KJV] (23) And Jesus looked round about, and saith unto his disciples, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God! When ...
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135 views

What is the meaning of Hebrews 13:10?

What is the meaning of Hebrews 13:10? Hebrews 13:10 We have an altar from which those who serve the tent have no right to eat. Who are the We ? Which is the altar ? Who are those who serve? ...
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Are the righteous the ones who will live with the consuming fire and continual burning in Isaiah 33:14-15?

Isaiah 33 14 Sinners in Zion are terrified; Trembling has seized the godless. “Who among us can live with the consuming fire? Who among us can live with [k]continual burning?” 15 He who ...
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Who does the unclean spirit mean by “us” in Mark 1:24?

In Mark 1:23-24, Jesus, having gone into a synagogue encounters a man with an unclean spirit: And immediately there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit. And he cried out, "What have ...
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Does 2 Kings 17:33-34 refer to the Israelites or those that came with the king of Assyria?

Initially, the narrative is clearly directed at the children of Israel from verse 7-23 and then from verse 24-31 switches and addresses those that had came with the Assyrian king. But then from ...
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In Luke 21:22 when did Jesus say the days of vengeance would occur?

Jesus described his mission in terms taken directly from Isaiah: [Luk 4:19 NKJV] (19) To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD." mGNT Luke 4:19 κηρύξαι ἐνιαυτὸν κυρίου δεκτόν [...
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In Hebrew 9:8 what does the author refer to when he speaks of the “outer court”?

Hebrews 9:8 NASB 8 The Holy Spirit is signifying this, that the way into the holy place has not yet been disclosed while the [i]outer tabernacle is still standing, Earlier on the author had made ...
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398 views

What are the “fruits of your righteousness” mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10?

What are the fruits of your righteousness mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase ...
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To whom does the “Lord” refer in 2 Corinthians 3:17?

Reading through 2 Corinthians 3:14-17 English Standard Version (ESV) 14 But their minds were hardened. For to this day, when they read the old covenant, that same veil remains unlifted, because ...
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399 views

What is the “same veil” mentioned in 2 Corinthians 3:14

2 Corinthians 3:13-14 New King James Version (NKJV) 13 unlike Moses, who put a veil over his face so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the end of what was passing away. 14 ...
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In 1 Thessalonian 2:13 what does Paul mean by “logos”?

1Th 2:13 KJV - 13 For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the ...
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In Romans 11:15, whose “loss” is it and whose “bounty”?

In working on a related question I realized that there it was unclear to me who was the subject and who was the object in this verse: Rom 11:15 KJV - 15 For if the casting away of them be the ...
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115 views

Was it Moses or Aaron who performed the signs in front of the Israelites in Exodus 4:30?

Exodus 4:29-30 [29]Then Moses and Aaron went and assembled all the elders of the sons of Israel; [30]and Aaron spoke all the words which the Lord had spoken to Moses. He then performed the signs in ...
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At which altar did the angel stand in Revelation 8:3?

Revelation 8 NASB [3]Another angel came and stood at the altar, holding a golden censer; and much incense was given to him, so that he might add it to the prayers of all the saints on the golden ...
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In Revelation 10:7 what is the “mystery of God” that was finished by the 7th trumpet?

Rev 10:7 KJV - 7 But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets. Is the ...

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