Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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Who does the phrase "I am" indicate in Mark 12:26 and John 8:58? What are the arguments if there is contrast?

Mark 12:26 American Standard Version But as touching the dead, that they are raised; have ye not read in the book of Moses, in the place concerning the Bush, how God spake unto him, saying, I am the ...
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1 Jn. 2:6 reports that someone walked, is this someone God? The Father, Jesus or both in one person?

"He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked." (1 Jn. 2:6 KJV)
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What is Acts 11:28 and Luke 2:1 referring to with the greek word "οἰκουμένην"?

I'm just curious as to what Luke is referring to here. Is he referring to "the world" or "the inhabited land" as the whole Roman Empire or only the province of Judaea? Now in ...
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Does 'the foundation of the world' refer to the creation of the universe or something else at John 17:24?

What semantic and contextual clues do we have to tell us what the 'foundation' is that Jesus is talking about in John 17:24? Father, I want those You have given Me to be with Me where I am, that they ...
3 votes
1 answer
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Was Samuel referring to Saul in 1 Samuel 8:10-17?

After asking for a king Samuel goes on to numerate the rights the king will demand from the Israelites KJV 1 Samuel 8 : 10 - 17 And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that asked of ...
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In Hebrews 13:3 is the author referring to a particular group?

KJV Hebrews 13 : 3 Remember them that are in bonds, as bound with them; and them which suffer adversity, as being yourselves also in the body. In the above text we are encouraged to remember/pray ...
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Who is the handmaid, and who is her son, in Psalm 86:16?

O turn unto me, and have mercy upon me; give thy strength unto thy servant, and save the son of thine handmaid. (Psalm 86:16 KJV) Reading this Psalm today today it struck that the psalmist describes ...
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Who is the True God and Eternal Life?

1Jn 5:20 KJV And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the ...
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Who is "your first father" in Isaiah 43:27?

Your first father sinned, And your mediators have transgressed against Me. Therefore I will profane the princes of the sanctuary; I will give Jacob to the curse, And Israel to reproaches. (Isaiah 43:...
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How plausible is this alternate interpretation of 1 John 2:13-14?

At issue is why John is writing to the fathers in 1 John 2:13-14: ἔγραψα ὑμῖν, πατέρες, ὅτι ἐγνώκατε τὸν ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς· I am writing | to you | fathers | because | you have known | the | from | (the) ...
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Who is Revelation's Death?

In Revelation, Death comes with the opening of the fourth seal. Rev 6:7, 8 - And when the Lamb opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature say, “Come!” Then I looked and ...
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From what were the people of the old world not spared in 2 Peter 2:4-6?

[2Pe 2:4-6 YLT] 4 For if God messengers who sinned did not spare, but with chains of thick gloom, having cast [them] down to Tartarus, did deliver [them] to judgment, having been reserved, 5 and the ...
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Who is speaking in Isaiah 7:13 ... "And he said..."

Moreover the LORD spake again unto Ahaz, saying, Ask thee a sign of the LORD thy God; ask it either in the depth, or in the height above. But Ahaz said, I will not ask, neither will I tempt the LORD. ...
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Why is the placing of man in Eden mentioned twice? Gen 2.8 and Gen 2.15

When looking at the creation of man in Genesis 2, I was struck that God describes putting him in Eden twice, separated by the description of rivers: Genesis 2:8 (KJV 1900) 8 And the LORD God planted ...
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What are "the things of the Spirit of God"? 1 Corinthians 2:14

1 Corinthians 2:14 and the natural man doth not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for to him they are foolishness, and he is not able to know [them], because spiritually they are discerned; (...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Who is the keeper of the wardrobe in 2 Kings 22 - does the Hebrew text resolve the ambiguity?

Who is the keeper of the wardrobe? So Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam, and Achbor, and Shaphan, and Asahiah, went unto Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah, the son of Harhas, ...
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What is the "spirit of wisdom" in Deuteronomy 34:9?

9 And Joshua son of Nun is full of the spirit of wisdom, for Moses had laid his hands upon him, and the sons of Israel hearken unto him, and do as Jehovah commanded Moses. (Deuteronomy 34:9 YLT) What ...
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2 votes
4 answers
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Is Luke 12:33 a universal commandment?

Luke 12:32-33 (ESV) 32 “Fear not, little flock, for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom. 33 Sell your possessions, and give to the needy. Provide yourselves with moneybags that ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Please identify the grammatical subject(s) of Acts 20:11

Acts 20:7-11 reads (NKJV, emphasis added): Now on the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul, ready to depart the next day, spoke to them and continued his ...
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Who was anointed in Psalm 45:7 and Hebrews 1:9.?

Psalm 45:7 ASV Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; Therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee With the oil of gladness above thy fellows. Whose fellows are the ones mentioned on both ...
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What does “put at the apostles’ feet” mean in Acts 4:32-5:2?

32 All the believers were one in heart and mind. No one claimed that any of their possessions was their own, but they shared everything they had. 33 With great power the apostles continued to testify ...
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Are John 15:1-11 and Revelation 3:14-22 referring to the same group of people?

I find striking similarities between John 15:1-11 and Revelation 3:14-22: John 15:1-11 (ESV) “I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser. 2 Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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In Matthew 16:18, is the "it" against which the gates of hell shall not prevail the "rock" or the "church"?

And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. - Matthew 16:18 Is it "this rock" or "my church" that ...
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What does Paul mean by "denying its power" in 2 Timothy 3:5?

2 Timothy 3:1-9 (ESV) But understand this, that in the last days there will come times of difficulty. 2 For people will be lovers of self, lovers of money, proud, arrogant, abusive, disobedient to ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Hebrews 7:8; who is meant by the phrase "witnessed that he liveth", Melchizedek or Jesus Christ?

Hebrews 7:8 (ASV): 8 And here men that die receive tithes; but there one, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth. About whom is this phrase "of whom it is witnessed that he liveth" ...
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"... and put him with the hypocrites. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth" - what place is Jesus referring to in Matthew 24:51?

Matthew 24:44-51 (ESV): 44 Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect. 45 “Who then is the faithful and wise servant, whom his master has set over his ...
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2 answers
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Is the Holy Spirit called God in Luke 1:35?

Luke 1:35 contains the following statement from the angel Gabriel (NKJV): The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One who is ...
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Is there room for interpreting "paradise" in Luke 23:43 as a reference to "Abraham's Bosom" (Luke 16:19-31)?

When Jesus mentioned paradise in Luke 23:43, 43 and Jesus said to him, `Verily I say to thee, To-day with me thou shalt be in the paradise.' (YLT) is it possible that he meant Abraham's bosom, as ...
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3 votes
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Were Jesus (Luke 23:43) & Paul (2 Corinthians 12:1-4) referring to the same 'paradise'?

Luke 23:43 (YLT): 43 and Jesus said to him, `Verily I say to thee, To-day with me thou shalt be in the paradise.' 2 Corinthians 12:1-4 (YLT): To boast, really, is not profitable for me, for I will ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Do the Lord of glory in 1 Corinthians and the King of glory in Psalm 24 have the same referent?

Psalm 24:7-10 says: Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in. Who is this King of glory? The LORD strong and mighty, the LORD ...
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What traditions does Paul refer to in 2 Thessalonians 2:15?

2 Thessalonians 2:15 (NASB): 15 So then, brothers and sisters, stand firm and hold on to the traditions which you were taught, whether by word of mouth or by letter from us. What traditions is Paul ...
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3 votes
2 answers
473 views

Who are the priests mentioned in Exodus 19:22 & 19:24? God did not appear to start the Hebrew priesthood until Exodus 28:1

Since God does not seem to establish the Hebrew priesthood until Exodus 28:1, who are the priests referring to in Exodus 19:22, 24? 20 And the Lord came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount:...
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1 answer
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Who is the speaker in Psalm 45:6 and who is its subject? God or a human king? [duplicate]

JPS Tanakh 1917 Thy throne given of God is for ever and ever; A sceptre of equity is the sceptre of thy kingdom. Who is the speaker in Psalm 45:6 and who is its subject? God or a human king? Does this ...
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Are the "pit" or "world below" of Ezekiel 26:19-21 and the "abyss" of Luke 8:31 the same place?

Ezekiel 26:19-21 (ESV): 19 “For thus says the Lord God: When I make you a city laid waste, like the cities that are not inhabited, when I bring up the deep over you, and the great waters cover you, ...
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6 votes
5 answers
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Who is the intermediary in Gal 3:19-20

Galatians 3:19-20 Why then the law? It was added because of transgressions, until the offspring should come to whom the promise had been made, and it was put in place through angels by an ...
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What are the best/higher gifts? 1 Corinthians 12:31

1 Corinthians 12:28-31: 28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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To whom did Jesus ascribed creation in Mark 13:19? [closed]

Mark 13:19 ASV For those days shall be tribulation, such as there hath not been the like from the beginning of the creation which God created until now, and never shall be. Considering Isaiah 44:24 ...
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3 answers
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What statutes and ordinances does Ezekiel 11:19-20 refer to?

Ezekiel 11:19-20 (NASB): 19 And I will give them one heart, and put a new spirit within them. And I will remove the heart of stone from their flesh and give them a heart of flesh, 20 so that they may ...
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6 votes
4 answers
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Is 2 Peter 2:4 talking about demons?

2 Peter 2:4 (ESV): For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to chains of gloomy darkness to be kept until the judgment; Are the angels that sinned ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Who is the "him" in Jeremiah 30:21

Jer30:21 And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me: for who is this that ...
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Who are the nations and where do they come from in Revelation 20:7-8?

Revelation 20:7-8 NASB 7 When the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and will come out to deceive the nations which are at the four corners of the earth, Gog and ...
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1 answer
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Is there a non-empty intersection between the believers at Acts 2:1-4 and the believers at Acts 4:31?

Acts 2:1-4 (ESV): When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Does Paul in [2 Corinthians 12:2] allude to Enoch's journey into the third heaven [2 Enoch 8-9]?

Does Paul in [2 Corinthians 12:2] allude to Enoch's journey into the third heaven [2 Enoch 8-9]? Paul claims : "I know a [man] in Christ who fourteen years ago—whether in the body I do not know, ...
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2 votes
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Is Luke 11:9-13 a promise for believers or unbelievers?

Luke 11:9-13 (ESV): 9 And I tell you, ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. 10 For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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What specific set of manuscripts did Peter mean by "prophetic word" and "Scripture" in 2 Peter 1:19-21?

2 Peter 1:19-21 (ESV): 19 And we have the prophetic word more fully confirmed, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Who will leave a blessing behind and for whom in Joel 2:14?

Joel 2:14 ESV Who knows whether he will not turn and relent, and leave a blessing behind him, a grain offering and a drink offering for the Lord your God? Its not clear in the above text who leaves a ...
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“Who” in Isaiah 40:13 and 14?

Isaiah 40:12: Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and ...
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Which transgressions?

GALATIANS 3:19 What purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was appointed through angels by the hand of ...
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Did Paul expect "the perfect" to come during his and the Corinthians' lifetime?

1 Corinthians 13:8-13 (ESV): 8 Love never ends. As for prophecies, they will pass away; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will pass away. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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The meaning of Hosea 10.9: "the days of Gibeah"

Text of Hosea 9.9 "Gibeah" or "the days of Gibeah" are a recurring theme in the book of Hosea, being mentioned in Hosea 5.8 (LEB) Blow the horn in Gibeah, the trumpet in Ramah. ...
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