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Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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At which altar did the angel stand in Revelation 8:3?

Revelation 8 NASB [3]Another angel came and stood at the altar, holding a golden censer; and much incense was given to him, so that he might add it to the prayers of all the saints on the golden ...
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In Revelation 10:7 what is the “mystery of God” that was finished by the 7th trumpet?

Rev 10:7 KJV - 7 But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets. Is the ...
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If Jude 5 says “Lord”, does it still refer to Jesus?

A while back Dan asked what seems to be a difficult text-critical question regarding Jude 5: whether it says "Jesus" or "the Lord" led the people out of the land. One of the reasons the UBS committee ...
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God or zion 'the perfection of beauty' in Psalms 50:2?

Psalms 50:2 KJV 2 Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God hath shined. To whom or what does perfection of beauty refer: God or Zion?
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Whom did the congregation want to stone in Numbers 14:10?

After having refused to enter the promised land it is said the congregation grumbled against Moses and Aaron. Then Joshua and Caleb who had also spied out the land admonished the congregation as well ...
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Whom did Baasha kill in 1 Kings 16:7?

1 Kings 16:7 KJV 7 And also by the hand of the prophet Jehu the son of Hanani came the word of the LORD against Baasha, and against his house, even for all the evil that he did in the sight of the ...
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In Philippians 4:5, what does Paul mean by “the Lord is at hand”?

Phl 4:5 KJV - 5 Let your moderation be known unto all men. The Lord is at hand. Variants of the phrase appears also in multiple prophets: Isa 13:6 KJV - 6 Howl ye; for the day of the LORD is at ...
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In James 1:13, what does “God” mean in “for God cannot be tempted by evil”?

In Matt. 4:1, Jesus is tempted. Jesus is God and therefore God can be tempted. Perhaps what James is saying here is that there is no chance that Jesus who is perfect would ever give into temptation. ...
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Which words were spoken by the Lord in Job 42?

Job 42:7 NASB 7 It came about after the Lord had spoken these words to Job, that the Lord said to Eliphaz the Temanite, “My wrath is kindled against you and against your two friends, because you ...
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In Matthew 24:20 to what “flight” does Jesus refer at the end of the age?

[Mat 24:20 NASB] 20 "But pray that your flight will not be in the winter, or on a Sabbath. With the holidays around the corner many of us are travelling to be with family and friends, and many travel ...
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What is the antecedent of 'them' in Deutoronomy 3:4-6?

Deutoronomy 3:4-6 NASB 4 We captured all his cities at that time; there was not a city which we did not take from them: sixty cities, all the region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan. 5 All ...
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What does “fear of the Lord” in 2 Chronicles 14:13-15 mean?

2 Chronicles 14:13-15 13 Asa and the people who were with him pursued them as far as Gerar, and the Ethiopians fell until none remained alive, for they were broken before the Lord and his army. ...
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Meanings of “Himself” in Hebrew (Isaiah 53:6 and Gen 22:8)

Question about a Hebrew grammatical allowance I heard of a long time ago and I cant remember where: In either if these two passages: Isaiah 53:6 (NKJV) "All we like sheep have gone astray; We have ...
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Who is the one that searches in Romans 8:27?

Who is the who in Romans 8:27? And he who searches hearts knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God. Is it God? or is it the ...
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In 1 Timothy 2:4 does “all” refer to all men or to all “sorts” of men?

In Interlinear Greek-English New Testament, Baker books, in the literal translation section of 1 Timothy 2:4 is "who all [sorts] of men desires to be saved". I think that pantas here is being seen as ...
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Who is the antecedent of 'him" in Isaiah 59:16?

Isaiah 59:16 KJV 16 And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him Who is the ...
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In 3 John 1:14 who are “the friends”?

CSB 3 John 1:14: Peace to you. The friends send you greetings. Greet the friends by name. mGNT 3 John 1:14: εἰρήνη σοι ἀσπάζονταί σε οἱ φίλοι ἀσπάζου τοὺς φίλους κατ’ ὄνομα What does he mean by "...
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In 1 Corinthians 11:20 to what does “ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ” refer?

NIV 1 Corinthians 11:20 So then, when you come together, it is not the Lord’s Supper you eat, 11:20 Συνερχομένων οὖν ὑμῶν ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ οὐκ ἔστιν κυριακὸν δεῖπνον φαγεῖν It sounds like ἐπὶ τὸ ...
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In Matthew 5:3 what kind of dative is “τῷ πνεύματι”?

Disclaimer: I have no formal education in Koine. NASB/GNT Matthew 5: 3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to them. 3 Μακάριοι οἱ πτωχοὶ τῷ πνεύματι, ὅτι ...
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Which custom does 1 Corinthians 11:16 say the saints are to ignore?

But if any man seem to be contentious, we have no such custom, neither the churches of God. - 1 Corinthians 11:16 Upon reading this verse in the context of the preceding passage, I get the ...
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Can Luke's use of κράτιστε be taken as his way of acknowledging someone who held the office of High Priest?

1 Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile an account of the things accomplished among us, 2 just as they were handed down to us by those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and servants of ...
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Was it Daniel who did not understand the vision in Daniel 8:27?

After narrating some visions to Daniel (Daniel 8:1-25) at the end its not clear who did not understand what had just been narrated Daniel 8:27 NKJV 27 And I, Daniel, fainted and was sick for days; ...
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Are the 1290 days in Daniel 12 related to the 2300 evenings and mornings in Daniel 8?

Daniel 12:6-11 ESV 6 And someone said to the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the stream,[b] “How long shall it be till the end of these wonders?” 7 And I heard the man clothed in ...
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By whose transgression is the sanctuary cast down and daily sacrifices taken away in Daniel 8:9-12?

Daniel 8:9-12 KJV 9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land. 10 And it waxed great, even ...
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How should the 2300 evenings and mornings be understood in Daniel 8:13-14?

Daniel 8:13-14 NASB 13 Then I heard a holy one speaking, and another holy one said to that particular one who was speaking, “How long will the vision about the regular sacrifice apply, [o]while the ...
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Who is being judged in 2 Corinthians 5:10?

Who is included in the "we all" of 2 Corinthians 5:10? Is it just believers who appear before the judgment seat of Christ? Or does Paul include non-believers as well? 10For we must all appear ...
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In 1 John 2:5 what is meant by “his word”?

1Jn 2:3  And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments.  1Jn 2:4  He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.  1Jn 2:...
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To whom is Psalm 46:10 spoken?

Psalm 46:10 is written as a proclamation from God: Be still, and know that I am God.     I will be exalted among the nations,     I will be ...
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In 1 Corinthians 10:21 what are “the cup” and “the table of the Lord”?

1Co 10:21  Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils. Of what cup and table does he speak? I see these ...
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Does the phrase “tear you to pieces” refer to dogs or swine in Matthew 7:6?

Matthew 7:6 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 6 “Do not give what is holy to dogs, and do not throw your pearls before swine, or they will trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to ...
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Who gave the charge to Joshua during his inauguration in Deutoronomy 31:22-23?

Moses is told to bring Joshua so that God will inaugurate him to take over from Moses. Deutoronomy 31:14 NKJV 14 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Behold, the days approach when you must die; call ...
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Does μετανοίας(repentance) refer to Esau or Isaac in Hebrews 12:17?

Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] ἴστε γὰρ ὅτι καὶ μετέπειτα θέλων κληρονομῆσαι τὴν εὐλογίαν ἀπεδοκιμάσθη, μετανοίας γὰρ τόπον οὐχ εὗρεν, καίπερ μετὰ δακρύων ἐκζητήσας αὐτήν. Hebrews 12:17 (KJV) ...
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Who are said to come up to the mountain in Exodus 19:13?

Exodus 19:13 (NASB) 13 No hand shall touch him, but he shall surely be stoned or [a]shot through; whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the ram’s horn sounds a long blast, they shall come ...
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Who are the four angels in Revelation 9?

Revelation 9:13-15 NASB 13 Then the sixth angel sounded, and I heard [a]a voice from the [b]four horns of the golden altar which is before God, 14 one saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, ...
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In 1 Timothy 3:9 what is the “mystery of the faith”?

KJV 1 Timothy 3:9  Holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience. By "the mystery of the faith" does Paul mean the gospel itself? Or some particular aspect of the gospel? Why does it refer to ...
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Who is the serpent's seed in Genesis 3:15?

KJV Gen 3:15  and I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed: he shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. God says that going forward as a ...
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Is 1 Timothy 1:17 about God or about Jesus?

I am primarily interested in the phrase "the King eternal": New International Version 1 Timothy 1:17 Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory for ever and ...
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Is 1 Timothy 6:15-16 about God or about Jesus?

YLT 1Ti 6:13  I charge thee, before God, who is making all things alive, and of Christ Jesus, who did testify before Pontius Pilate the right profession,  1Ti 6:14  that thou keep the command ...
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In Ephesian 5:27 what does Christ “present to himself”?

I was struck with the oddness of a groom "presenting" one's bride "to himself" as it doesn't match our culture where the father of the bride "gives away" his daughter. As I looked at this familiar ...
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Who is the “we” (ἐσμέν) who are “of all people most to be pitied” in 1 Corinthians 15:19?

Who is the "we" in ἐσμέν in 1 Corinthians 15:19? ESV 1 Cor 15:19 If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied. In particular, who are the ones pitied ...
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To whom was Christ referring to in Luke 9:41?

Luke 9:37-42 (NKJV) 37 Now it happened on the next day, when they had come down from the mountain, that a great multitude met Him. 38 Suddenly a man from the multitude cried out, saying, “Teacher, ...
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What is Jeremiah referring to in Jeremiah 33:2?

Jeremiah 33:2 (NKJV) 2 “Thus says the LORD who made it, the LORD who formed it to establish it (the LORD is His name): In the above text its not clear what the prophet Jeremiah is referring to,...
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In Romans 11:11 who is made jealous of whom?

YLT Rom 11:11 I say, then, Did they stumble that they might fall? let it not be! but by their fall the salvation is to the nations, to arouse them to jealousy; Do the fallen Jews make the ...
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To whom were the Jews referring in John 6:31?

John 6:31 New King James Version (NKJV) 31 Our fathers ate the manna in the desert; as it is written, ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’”[a] In the following text Christ accuses the Jews as ...
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In Ruth 1:2 what is the meaning of אפרתים (commonly translated “Efrathites”)?

In Ruth 1:2, Naomi, Elimelech, Machlon and Kilyon are referred to as אפרתים, or Efrathites. To me, the simplest understanding would be that they come from Efrat (see Genesis 35:19, 1 Samuel 17:12, ...
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Is “the day of the LORD” a particular day or any visitation?

The phrase "day of the LORD" is used multiple times in scripture. Do they all point to the same event or to multiple events? Barnes, in "Barnes' Notes" suggests that it is descriptive rather than ...
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Does the grammar of Romans 5:9 suggest from whose wrath “we will be saved”?

Romans 5:9 ends with the phrase σωθησόμεθα δι’ αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῆς ὀργῆς -- "we will be saved by him from the wrath". Most, though not all, English translations add "of God" to qualify "wrath". What ...
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Are these two different groups that are being referred to in Numbers 14:22-23?

Numbers 14:22-23 (KJV) 22 Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tempted me now these ten times, and have not ...
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To what does “the word of God and testimony of Jesus Christ” refer in Revelation 1:2?

In the opening of Revelation we read (NIV emphasis mine): The revelation from Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel ...
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In Isaiah 45:23 is God saying that all shall bow to God or to Cyrus?

NIV Isaiah 45:23 By myself I have sworn, my mouth has uttered in all integrity a word that will not be revoked: Before me every knee will bow; by me every tongue will swear. In the BibleHub ...