Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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Who is the “them” in “them of old time”?

Matthew 5:21 says "Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time..." (KJV) This term is also used in verse 27. Prior to verse 21 Jesus is talking about the law, and the scribes and ...
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Matthew 4:16 - are the “region” and “shadow” of death different things?

"...and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up." Matthew 4:16b KJV Is this verse is talking about two separate but related things, or just one thing? As an example......
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Who is the “him that heareth” in Revelation 22:17?

Who is the "him that heareth" in Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take ...
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What does 2 Kings 19:28 interpret?

In 2 Kings 19:28 (NIV), the verse states that a "hook" will be planted in the nose, and a "bit" in the mouth. Does this signify a response to an assault, for it is stated that it will "make you come ...
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Is “then comes the end” in 1 Corinthians 15:24 an allusion to Daniel 12:6-13?

Is "the end" in 1 Corinthians 15:24 an allusion to Daniel 12:6-13?: [1Co 15:19-28 ESV] (19) If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied. (20) But in fact ...
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In Matthew 15:24 is “the lost sheep of the house of Israel” the same group as “the Samaritans”?

I've read various articles about the Samaritans but am still not clear on this: [Mat 15:24 ASV] But he answered and said, I was not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel. If Jesus ...
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Is the beloved city in Revelation 20 the same as the new city in Revelation 21?

We are told that Christ will reign with the resurrected saints for a thousand years in the camp of the saints and the beloved city which will lead eventually to the demise of satan. Revelation 20,4-9 ...
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My question is about the kings as recorded in the book of Isaiah

In Isaiah 6:1, was king Azariah the same as King Uzziah? Compare 2 Kings 15:1-7.
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Who are the “chiefest apostles” in 2Co 11:5?

After Paul scolds the Corinthians for bearing people who preach things not according to Christ, he says: For I reckon that I am not a whit behind the very chiefest apostles.(ASV) Paul proceeds to ...
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Is Matthew 16:18 a resurrection prediction?

On the basis that by "this rock" Jesus means himself and "the gates of Hades" means the power of death, does the "it" at the end of the verse refer to the rock, i.e. to Jesus (rather than to the ...
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Who are 'them' in Numbers 20:13?

After the sons of Israel had contended against God concerning water,and Moses had not followed instructions it is said God proved himself holy among them Numbers 20:13 NASB ” 13 Those were the ...
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Who is the second child in Ecclesiastes 4:15?

YLT - 4:13 Better is a poor and wise youth than an old and foolish king, who hath not known to be warned any more. YLT - 4:14 For from a house of prisoners he hath come out to reign, for even in his ...
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In ancient Rome who were the many “lords” (KURIOI)?

Some think that calling Jesus "one KURIOS" in verse 6 that he is referring to the Tetragrammaton (IE: "YHVH"). However, he seems to be saying that the Romans considered many to be KURIOI, so it seems ...
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In Hebrews 12:23 who are “the gathering of the firstborn [plural]”?

[Heb 12:18, 22-24 CSB] (18) For you have not come to what could be touched, to a blazing fire, to darkness, gloom, and storm, ... (22) Instead, you have come to Mount Zion, to the city of the living ...
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In 1 Timothy 6:6-16 to what does Paul refer when he says “the good confession”?

Jesus spoke about the dangers of riches: [Mar 10:23 KJV] (23) And Jesus looked round about, and saith unto his disciples, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God! When ...
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What is the meaning of Hebrews 13:10?

What is the meaning of Hebrews 13:10? Hebrews 13:10 We have an altar from which those who serve the tent have no right to eat. Who are the We ? Which is the altar ? Who are those who serve? ...
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Are the righteous the ones who will live with the consuming fire and continual burning in Isaiah 33:14-15?

Isaiah 33 14 Sinners in Zion are terrified; Trembling has seized the godless. “Who among us can live with the consuming fire? Who among us can live with [k]continual burning?” 15 He who ...
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Who does the unclean spirit mean by “us” in Mark 1:24?

In Mark 1:23-24, Jesus, having gone into a synagogue encounters a man with an unclean spirit: And immediately there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit. And he cried out, "What have ...
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Does 2 Kings 17:33-34 refer to the Israelites or those that came with the king of Assyria?

Initially, the narrative is clearly directed at the children of Israel from verse 7-23 and then from verse 24-31 switches and addresses those that had came with the Assyrian king. But then from ...
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In Luke 21:22 when did Jesus say the days of vengeance would occur?

Jesus described his mission in terms taken directly from Isaiah: [Luk 4:19 NKJV] (19) To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD." mGNT Luke 4:19 κηρύξαι ἐνιαυτὸν κυρίου δεκτόν [...
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In Hebrew 9:8 what does the author refer to when he speaks of the “outer court”?

Hebrews 9:8 NASB 8 The Holy Spirit is signifying this, that the way into the holy place has not yet been disclosed while the [i]outer tabernacle is still standing, Earlier on the author had made ...
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What are the “fruits of your righteousness” mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10?

What are the fruits of your righteousness mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase ...
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To whom does the “Lord” refer in 2 Corinthians 3:17?

Reading through 2 Corinthians 3:14-17 English Standard Version (ESV) 14 But their minds were hardened. For to this day, when they read the old covenant, that same veil remains unlifted, because ...
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What is the “same veil” mentioned in 2 Corinthians 3:14

2 Corinthians 3:13-14 New King James Version (NKJV) 13 unlike Moses, who put a veil over his face so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the end of what was passing away. 14 ...
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In 1 Thessalonian 2:13 what does Paul mean by “logos”?

1Th 2:13 KJV - 13 For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the ...
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In Romans 11:15, whose “loss” is it and whose “bounty”?

In working on a related question I realized that there it was unclear to me who was the subject and who was the object in this verse: Rom 11:15 KJV - 15 For if the casting away of them be the ...
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Was it Moses or Aaron who performed the signs in front of the Israelites in Exodus 4:30?

Exodus 4:29-30 [29]Then Moses and Aaron went and assembled all the elders of the sons of Israel; [30]and Aaron spoke all the words which the Lord had spoken to Moses. He then performed the signs in ...
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At which altar did the angel stand in Revelation 8:3?

Revelation 8 NASB [3]Another angel came and stood at the altar, holding a golden censer; and much incense was given to him, so that he might add it to the prayers of all the saints on the golden ...
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In Revelation 10:7 what is the “mystery of God” that was finished by the 7th trumpet?

Rev 10:7 KJV - 7 But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets. Is the ...
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If Jude 5 says “Lord”, does it still refer to Jesus?

A while back Dan asked what seems to be a difficult text-critical question regarding Jude 5: whether it says "Jesus" or "the Lord" led the people out of the land. One of the reasons the UBS committee ...
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God or zion 'the perfection of beauty' in Psalms 50:2?

Psalms 50:2 KJV 2 Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God hath shined. To whom or what does perfection of beauty refer: God or Zion?
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Whom did the congregation want to stone in Numbers 14:10?

After having refused to enter the promised land it is said the congregation grumbled against Moses and Aaron. Then Joshua and Caleb who had also spied out the land admonished the congregation as well ...
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Whom did Baasha kill in 1 Kings 16:7?

1 Kings 16:7 KJV 7 And also by the hand of the prophet Jehu the son of Hanani came the word of the LORD against Baasha, and against his house, even for all the evil that he did in the sight of the ...
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In Philippians 4:5, what does Paul mean by “the Lord is at hand”?

Phl 4:5 KJV - 5 Let your moderation be known unto all men. The Lord is at hand. Variants of the phrase appears also in multiple prophets: Isa 13:6 KJV - 6 Howl ye; for the day of the LORD is at ...
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In James 1:13, what does “God” mean in “for God cannot be tempted by evil”?

In Matt. 4:1, Jesus is tempted. Jesus is God and therefore God can be tempted. Perhaps what James is saying here is that there is no chance that Jesus who is perfect would ever give into temptation. ...
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Which words were spoken by the Lord in Job 42?

Job 42:7 NASB 7 It came about after the Lord had spoken these words to Job, that the Lord said to Eliphaz the Temanite, “My wrath is kindled against you and against your two friends, because you ...
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In Matthew 24:20 to what “flight” does Jesus refer at the end of the age?

[Mat 24:20 NASB] 20 "But pray that your flight will not be in the winter, or on a Sabbath. With the holidays around the corner many of us are travelling to be with family and friends, and many travel ...
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What is the antecedent of 'them' in Deutoronomy 3:4-6?

Deutoronomy 3:4-6 NASB 4 We captured all his cities at that time; there was not a city which we did not take from them: sixty cities, all the region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan. 5 All ...
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What does “fear of the Lord” in 2 Chronicles 14:13-15 mean?

2 Chronicles 14:13-15 13 Asa and the people who were with him pursued them as far as Gerar, and the Ethiopians fell until none remained alive, for they were broken before the Lord and his army. ...
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Meanings of “Himself” in Hebrew (Isaiah 53:6 and Gen 22:8)

Question about a Hebrew grammatical allowance I heard of a long time ago and I cant remember where: In either if these two passages: Isaiah 53:6 (NKJV) "All we like sheep have gone astray; We have ...
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Who is the one that searches in Romans 8:27?

Who is the who in Romans 8:27? And he who searches hearts knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God. Is it God? or is it the ...
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In 1 Timothy 2:4 does “all” refer to all men or to all “sorts” of men?

In Interlinear Greek-English New Testament, Baker books, in the literal translation section of 1 Timothy 2:4 is "who all [sorts] of men desires to be saved". I think that pantas here is being seen as ...
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Who is the antecedent of 'him" in Isaiah 59:16?

Isaiah 59:16 KJV 16 And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him Who is the ...
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In 3 John 1:14 who are “the friends”?

CSB 3 John 1:14: Peace to you. The friends send you greetings. Greet the friends by name. mGNT 3 John 1:14: εἰρήνη σοι ἀσπάζονταί σε οἱ φίλοι ἀσπάζου τοὺς φίλους κατ’ ὄνομα What does he mean by "...
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In 1 Corinthians 11:20 to what does “ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ” refer?

NIV 1 Corinthians 11:20 So then, when you come together, it is not the Lord’s Supper you eat, 11:20 Συνερχομένων οὖν ὑμῶν ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ οὐκ ἔστιν κυριακὸν δεῖπνον φαγεῖν It sounds like ἐπὶ τὸ ...
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In Matthew 5:3 what kind of dative is “τῷ πνεύματι”?

Disclaimer: I have no formal education in Koine. NASB/GNT Matthew 5: 3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to them. 3 Μακάριοι οἱ πτωχοὶ τῷ πνεύματι, ὅτι ...
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Which custom does 1 Corinthians 11:16 say the saints are to ignore?

But if any man seem to be contentious, we have no such custom, neither the churches of God. - 1 Corinthians 11:16 Upon reading this verse in the context of the preceding passage, I get the ...
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Can Luke's use of κράτιστε be taken as his way of acknowledging someone who held the office of High Priest?

1 Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile an account of the things accomplished among us, 2 just as they were handed down to us by those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and servants of ...
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Was it Daniel who did not understand the vision in Daniel 8:27?

After narrating some visions to Daniel (Daniel 8:1-25) at the end its not clear who did not understand what had just been narrated Daniel 8:27 NKJV 27 And I, Daniel, fainted and was sick for days; ...
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By whose transgression is the sanctuary cast down and daily sacrifices taken away in Daniel 8:9-12?

Daniel 8:9-12 KJV 9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land. 10 And it waxed great, even ...