Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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5answers
414 views

Did Paul treat God and Jesus as one person in Titus 2:13?

Titus 2 text: 11 For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men, 12 teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in the ...
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149 views

Who took off his sandal in Ruth 4:8?

Ruth 4:8 ESV 8 So when the redeemer said to Boaz, “Buy it for yourself,” he drew off his sandal. Ruth 4:8 KJV 8 Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew off his shoe. Ruth 4:8 ...
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Was Jesus' promise “I am with you always, to the end of the age” only for the apostles or for Christians in all ages?

Matthew 28:19-20: 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all that I have ...
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What is the “it” in “those who find it are few” in Matt 7:14?

Matt 7:13-14 (ESV) says: 13 “Enter by the narrow gate. For the gate is wide and the way is easy that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many. 14 For the gate is narrow and the way is ...
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What signs and wonders are performed by whom? 2 Thessalonians 2:9-10

2 Thessalonians 2:9-10 (NIV): 9 The coming of the lawless one will be in accordance with how Satan works. He will use all sorts of displays of power through signs and wonders that serve the lie, 10 ...
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2answers
38 views

Pneumatology in Ephesians--what spirit enables us to know whom?

Ephesians 1:17: That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: (KJV) I keep asking that the God of our ...
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2answers
60 views

Christology in Ephesians--what is meant by “the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory”?

Ephesians 1:17: That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: (KJV) I keep asking that the God of our ...
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Who is “he” in Luke 20:37

Luke 20:37 NIV 37 But in the account of the burning bush, even Moses showed that the dead rise, for he calls the Lord ‘the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’[b] 38 He is not ...
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In 1 Peter 2:17, who is the king to which he refers, and how, specifically, is he to be honored?

[1 Peter 2:17 NKJV] (17) Honor all [people]. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king. Might he be referring to Christ as King? Or might he be referring to an obligatory sacrifice to the Caesar/...
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Romans 5:13 which Law is Paul referring to

When I read the below verse, I am unclear which Law Paul is Talking about. Is he refering to the Law on Mount Sinai? Cain was punished even before the law was given The whole earth was punished ...
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Who is said to have the tent behind him in Genesis 18:10?

Genesis 18:9 And they said unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, in the tent. 10 And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife ...
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Did Jesus address Peter or Satan influencing Peter when he said “Get behind me, Satan!" in Matthew 16:23?

Matthew 16:23 (ESV): 23 But he turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a hindrance to me. For you are not setting your mind on the things of God, but on the things of man.” Was ...
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1answer
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Who is the main speaker in Zechariah 2:8-9,11?

Zechariah 2:8-9,11 (NASB) “For thus says the LORD of hosts, “After glory He has sent me against the nations which plunder you, for he who touches you, touches the apple of His eye. For behold, I will ...
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Why did the angel of the LORD (YHWH) asked YHWH for information and receive comforting words in Zechariah 1:12 -13?

Zechariah 1:12-13 ASV Then the angel of Jehovah answered and said, O Jehovah of hosts, how long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which thou hast had ...
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The children/sons of God - Job 38:7 & Romans 8:16 - same children or different children?

This question is similar to one asked here, but applied to a different combination of texts & contexts. From Romans 8:16: The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the ...
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Was Christ referring to a particular group in the parable of the great banquet in Luke 14

Luke 14:15-18 NIV 15 When one of those at the table with him heard this, he said to Jesus, “Blessed is the one who will eat at the feast in the kingdom of God.” 16 Jesus replied: “A certain man was ...
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1answer
33 views

When does γραφή refer to the Tanakh vs additional holy writ vs writings in general?

The word γραφή ("scripture, writing") is used to refer to a variety of written documents - I'd like to understand the similarity or difference in meaning across 4 passages. It can refer to: ...
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Do Titus 1:2 + 2 Timothy 3:16 mean that scripture is inerrant?

Amended for clarity Two passages from Paul that are often used together: In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began; (Titus 1:2) All scripture is given by ...
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1answer
326 views

Who is the “other disciple” in John 18:16?

After Jesus' arrest: 15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest. 16 But ...
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Matt 25:40. Can Jesus' brethren be understood to be the righteous of verse 37?

I am looking for an answer based on the structure of the original Greek. I observe in my reading of Matthew 25:31-46 that the term " my brethren " occurs only in the first passage of Jesus' ...
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Isaiah 21:7-9 relates to Whom?

7 And he saw a chariot with two horsemen, a rider upon an ass, and a rider upon a camel: and he beheld them diligently with much heed. 8 And a lion cried out: I am upon the watchtower of the Lord, ...
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Who was Pharaoh in Joseph's time?

In Genesis 40:2 Pharaoh was furious with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker. Who was the Pharaoh? Note: similar question was asked about the Pharaoh of Ezekiel's time and an ...
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Which Caesar did Paul demand to appear before?

Acts 27:24a and said, 'Do not be afraid, Paul. You must stand trial before Caesar.' The title "Caesar" was given to a number of Roman rulers. To which Caesar does the text refer?
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Who is the King of Babylon referenced in Isaiah 14:4 and 14:17?

[Isa 14:4, 17 NLT] (4) you will taunt the king of Babylon. You will say, "The mighty man has been destroyed. Yes, your insolence is ended. ... (17) Is this the one who destroyed the world and ...
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Whom is God talking to in Psalm 82:2?

Psalm 82 says: 1 God presides in the great assembly; he renders judgment among the “gods”. 2 How long will you defend the unjust and show partiality to the wicked? Who is "you" in this ...
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2answers
84 views

To whom Jesus refers “my God”?

Revelation 3:12 recorded (ESV) "the one who conquers I will make him a pillar in the trample of my God. Never shall he go out of it, and I will write on him the name of my God, and the name of ...
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How could King Herod have killed John the baptist in Matthew 14?

According to Matthew's narrative King Herod is said to have died whilst Christ was still a child in Egypt with his parents.It is said King Herod had been succeeded by his son Archelaus when Joseph ...
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1answer
31 views

Who are said to have the firstfruits of the Spirit in Romans 8:23?

Romans 8:23 NIV 23 Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption to sonship, the redemption of our bodies Is it 1)Apostles 2)...
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Who is the “you” in Isaiah 55:5?

Isaiah 55:5 English Standard Version Behold, you shall call a nation that you do not know, and a nation that did not know you shall run to you, because of the LORD your God, and of the Holy One of ...
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John 14:29-31 - who is the 'Prince' of this world?

Who does John 14:29-31 refer to 29 I have told you now before it happens, so that when it does happen you will believe. 30 I will not say much more to you, for the prince of this world is coming. He ...
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2answers
178 views

Is the promise of “power” in Acts 1:8 only for the apostles or for Christians in all ages?

Acts 1:7-8 (NIV): 7 He said to them: “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. 8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you ...
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Who are to be Priest and Levites in Isaiah 66:21?

Isaiah 66:21 NIV 21 And I will select some of them also to be priests and Levites,” says the Lord. Who are to be selected as Priests and Levites?
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Which gold were they referring to in Matthew 23:16?

Matthew 23:16 NIV 16 “Woe to you, blind guides! You say, ‘If anyone swears by the temple, it means nothing; but anyone who swears by the gold of the temple is bound by that oath. Could the blind ...
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4answers
265 views

Translation of 1 John 5:16

I have a question regarding the translation of 1 John 5:16. In the verses below, I have highlighted the translated (added?) words I’m querying. Why does the NIV use ’you’ where the NKJV uses ’he’? [...
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1answer
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Who are the archers in Genesis 49:23?

In Genesis 49 when Jacob blesses his sons it is said of Joseph that the archers bitterly attacked and shot at him Genesis 49:23 NASB “The archers bitterly attacked him, And shot at him and harassed ...
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1answer
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Luke 12:1 Vulgate Text: “adtendite a fermento Pharisaeorum quae est hypocrisis”

This might not be the right forum to ask, but I couldn't think of a better one. If it is deemed unacceptable, I apologize in advance. I was reading Luke the other day, and inspired by the curiosity to ...
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101 views

Which is the correct translation of Isaiah 63:11?

The MT for Isaiah 63:11 is: וַיִּזְכֹּר יְמֵי-עוֹלָם, מֹשֶׁה עַמּוֹ; אַיֵּה הַמַּעֲלֵם מִיָּם, אֵת רֹעֵי צֹאנוֹ--אַיֵּה הַשָּׂם בְּקִרְבּוֹ, אֶת-רוּחַ קָדְשׁוֹ Isaiah 63:11 NASB Then His people ...
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Who is the 'we' in Daniel 2:36?

Daniel 2 29 “As Your Majesty was lying there, your mind turned to things to come, and the revealer of mysteries showed you what is going to happen. 30 As for me, this mystery has been revealed to me, ...
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1answer
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Is לְהַעֲמִיד֣וֹ in 2 Chronicles 9:8 singular or plural?

2 Chronicles 9:8 "Blessed be the LORD your God who delighted in you, setting you on His throne as king for the LORD your God; because your God loved Israel establishing them [לְהַעֲמִיד֣וֹ] ...
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1 Corinthians 1:25, who is God?

1 Corinthians 1:25, (DRB): For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men. The question is so simple: Who is meant by God in the verse? God the father, or ...
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Who is/are the referent(s) of the Greek words “ho Theos” at Mark 13:19 and what does it mean there. Is it the same every else too?

The following verses have the words "ho Theos" in their Greek translations. There are a lot more. Mark 1:1 Matthew 3:9 Mark 13:19 Luke 2:19 Acts 2:11 John 8:42,47 Luke 1:26 Acts 26:6 ...
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Who are 'those' in Galatians 4:4-5?

Galatians 4:4-5 NKJV 4 But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born[a] of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the ...
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1answer
62 views

Who are the “among these that stand by” in Zechariah 3:7? [closed]

Who are the "among these that stand by" in Zechariah 3:7? Zechariah 3:7 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, then thou shalt also judge my ...
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1answer
135 views

Hebrews 10:31-“It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.” -Who is “the person” to be fearful of falling into the hand of God?

Is the verese 31, part of Chapter 10:26-31, or stand alone with v.30? Text: Heb 10: 26-31(ESV) "For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer ...
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1answer
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Who is being supported and protected in Daniel 11:1?

Daniel 11:1 NIV 11 1 And in the first year of Darius the Mede, I took my stand to support and protect him.) In the above text its not clear who is being supported and protected. Who is the ...
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1answer
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Who spoke in 2 Kings 6:33?

2 Kings 6:33 KJV 33 And while he yet talked with them, behold, the messenger came down unto him: and he said, Behold, this evil is of the Lord; what should I wait for the Lord any longer? In the ...
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2answers
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Who is the son of the murderer in 2 Kings 6:32?

2 Kings 6:32 NASB 32 Now Elisha was sitting in his house, and the elders were sitting with him. And the king sent a man from his presence; but before the messenger came to him, he said to the ...
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In Ephesians 1:1 what does it mean by “God”, not “God the father”, nor “The father”, nor “His Father”?

Ephesians 1:1 (KJV); Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus: Could you give me theological approaches to:...
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3answers
385 views

What is the meaning of “it” in Jeremiah 19:5? “nor did it come into My mind”. E.S.V

Jeremiah 19:5 (ESV); and have built the high places of Baal to burn their sons in the fire as burnt offerings to Baal, which I did not command or decree, nor did it come into my mind-- Here are ...
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2answers
859 views

In 1 Timothy 6:15 did Paul mean God the Father or God the Son?

1 Timothy 6:15 (NIV): which God will bring about in his own time--God, the blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings and Lord of lords, What does Paul mean by "the blessed and only ruler, the king of ...

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