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Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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Does the word זֶרַע (zer'a) refer to physical or spiritual descendants in Isaiah 53:10?

Isaiah 53:10 reads וַיהֹוָה חָפֵץ דַּכְּאוֹ הֶחֱלִי אִם־תָּשִׂים אָשָׁם נַפְשׁוֹ יִרְאֶה זֶרַע יַאֲרִיךְ יָמִים וְחֵפֶץ יְהֹוָה בְּיָדוֹ יִצְלָח But it pleased the Lord to crush him by disease: if ...
Avi Avraham's user avatar
  • 1,189
2 votes
3 answers
212 views

Who are the guests, Revelation 19:9, to the wedding supper of the lamb?

THE WEDDING, who participates? The bridegroom (JESUS) + The bride (CHURCH) THE SUPPER, who participates? The guests (?) - Who are they? The Bride and the Bridegroom cannot be the Guests at the same ...
Ricardo Barros's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
40 views

Does 1 John 1:7 mean fellowship with God, or Man?

1 John 1:6-7 (NASB) 6 If we say that we have fellowship with Him and yet walk in the darkness, we lie and do not practice the truth; 7 but if we walk in the Light as He Himself is in the Light, we ...
Jeshua's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
5 answers
119 views

What/who did the Israelites not obey in Acts 7:37-39?

Did they disobey Moses, Jesus, or the oracles? Acts 7 (BLB) - 37 This is the Moses having said to the sons of Israel, 'God will raise up for you a prophet like me out from your brothers.' 38 This is ...
O.J.'s user avatar
  • 515
3 votes
6 answers
952 views

Who is the king over all the children of pride? (Job 41:34)

Job 41:34. He beholdeth all high things: he is a king over all the children of pride. Who is the king of the children of pride and who is he symbolic of in reality?
RHPclass79's user avatar
  • 1,002
0 votes
2 answers
480 views

Are there any white people in the Bible? [closed]

Every few months, a photo of a protestor's sign makes the rounds on social media; the sign says, "There are no white people in the Bible. Take all the time you need with this." Reliably, ...
Corbin's user avatar
  • 121
7 votes
3 answers
482 views

Does the usage of "all" in Matthew 24:37-39 indicate that Jesus believed in a global flood, encompassing all people worldwide?

Matthew 24:37-39 ESV 37 For as were the days of Noah, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. 38 For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
284 views

Was Laban a younger or older brother of Rebekah? (Gen. 29:24)

Rebekah had a brother whose name was Laban Is there any concrete evidence in the Scripture that shows Laban was either younger or older than his sister Rebekah? Genesis 24:29 and some others don’t ...
Learner123's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
63 views

Was the child in Isaiah 9:6 born during Isaiah's time? Were the victories in Isaiah 9:2-5 achieved militarily?

If the child in Isaiah 9:6 was not born during Isaiah's time, who achieved the victories mentioned in Isaiah 9:2-5? Were these victories achieved militarily? 2 The people walking in darkness have ...
Alex Balilo's user avatar
  • 3,856
2 votes
2 answers
2k views

Sorting out which James is who, in Acts 12 and 1 Cor. 15

Acts 12 uses the name "James" twice. 1 About that time King Herod laid hands upon some members of the church to harm them. 2 He had James, the brother of John, killed by the sword. 16 ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
177 views

In Daniel 8:16, who is the man between the banks of Ulai?

In Daniel 8:16, who is the man between the banks of Ulai? [Dan 8:15-17 NASB95] [15] When I, Daniel, had seen the vision, I sought to understand it; and behold, standing before me was one who looked ...
Ruminator's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
975 views

What is meant in Matthew 11:14? This is Elias?

Is he talking about John the Baptist or the prophets and the Law? Matthew 11:14 And if you are willing to accept it, he is the Elijah who was to come.
Blake's user avatar
  • 81
-2 votes
1 answer
111 views

What distinct and intelligible meaning can be derived from analysing John 1;1b and c's "Word" and "God"? [duplicate]

Can we take a plainer way in identifying the "word" and "God" in this verse or use substitution of the terms once the "word" and "God" already have been ...
Alex Balilo's user avatar
  • 3,856
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

What Paul meant by "inheritance" in Eph 1:11-14: WHAT exactly it is and WHEN do we receive it?

In Eph 1:11-14 (CSB) we read: 11 In him we have also received an inheritance,[Or In him we are also an inheritance] because we were predestined according to the plan of the one who works out ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Who are the rulers and authorities in the heavenly places in Ephesians 3:10? [duplicate]

Ephesians 3:10 NIV His intent was that now, through the church, the manifold wisdom of God should be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly realms, Who are these rulers and ...
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
116 views

Who are the thieves and robbers that have come before Jesus? [duplicate]

John 10:8 says All who have come before me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep have not listened to them. My question is: Who are the ones mentioned in this passage that have come before Jesus ...
Humberto José Bortolossi's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
575 views

Who does the phrase "I am" indicate in Mark 12:26 and John 8:58? What are the arguments if there is contrast?

Mark 12:26 American Standard Version But as touching the dead, that they are raised; have ye not read in the book of Moses, in the place concerning the Bush, how God spake unto him, saying, I am the ...
Alex Balilo's user avatar
  • 3,856
1 vote
2 answers
87 views

1 Jn. 2:6 reports that someone walked, is this someone God? The Father, Jesus or both in one person?

"He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked." (1 Jn. 2:6 KJV)
Betho's's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
260 views

What is Acts 11:28 and Luke 2:1 referring to with the greek word "οἰκουμένην"?

I'm just curious as to what Luke is referring to here. Is he referring to "the world" or "the inhabited land" as the whole Roman Empire or only the province of Judaea? Now in ...
user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
699 views

Does 'the foundation of the world' refer to the creation of the universe or something else at John 17:24?

What semantic and contextual clues do we have to tell us what the 'foundation' is that Jesus is talking about in John 17:24? Father, I want those You have given Me to be with Me where I am, that they ...
Only True God's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
74 views

Was Samuel referring to Saul in 1 Samuel 8:10-17?

After asking for a king Samuel goes on to numerate the rights the king will demand from the Israelites KJV 1 Samuel 8 : 10 - 17 And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that asked of ...
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
263 views

In Hebrews 13:3 is the author referring to a particular group?

KJV Hebrews 13 : 3 Remember them that are in bonds, as bound with them; and them which suffer adversity, as being yourselves also in the body. In the above text we are encouraged to remember/pray ...
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

Who is the handmaid, and who is her son, in Psalm 86:16?

O turn unto me, and have mercy upon me; give thy strength unto thy servant, and save the son of thine handmaid. (Psalm 86:16 KJV) Reading this Psalm today today it struck that the psalmist describes ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
7 votes
14 answers
1k views

Who is the True God and Eternal Life?

1Jn 5:20 KJV And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the ...
Faith Mendel's user avatar
  • 1,945
2 votes
2 answers
343 views

Who is "your first father" in Isaiah 43:27?

Your first father sinned, And your mediators have transgressed against Me. Therefore I will profane the princes of the sanctuary; I will give Jacob to the curse, And Israel to reproaches. (Isaiah 43:...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
400 views

How plausible is this alternate interpretation of 1 John 2:13-14?

At issue is why John is writing to the fathers in 1 John 2:13-14: ἔγραψα ὑμῖν, πατέρες, ὅτι ἐγνώκατε τὸν ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς· I am writing | to you | fathers | because | you have known | the | from | (the) ...
Robert's user avatar
  • 8,543
1 vote
1 answer
146 views

Who is Revelation's Death?

In Revelation, Death comes with the opening of the fourth seal. Rev 6:7, 8 - And when the Lamb opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature say, “Come!” Then I looked and ...
Mindwin Remember Monica's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
67 views

From what were the people of the old world not spared in 2 Peter 2:4-6?

[2Pe 2:4-6 YLT] 4 For if God messengers who sinned did not spare, but with chains of thick gloom, having cast [them] down to Tartarus, did deliver [them] to judgment, having been reserved, 5 and the ...
Ruminator's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
440 views

Who is speaking in Isaiah 7:13 ... "And he said..."

Moreover the LORD spake again unto Ahaz, saying, Ask thee a sign of the LORD thy God; ask it either in the depth, or in the height above. But Ahaz said, I will not ask, neither will I tempt the LORD. ...
Mike Borden's user avatar
  • 4,293
7 votes
4 answers
1k views

Why is the placing of man in Eden mentioned twice? Gen 2.8 and Gen 2.15

When looking at the creation of man in Genesis 2, I was struck that God describes putting him in Eden twice, separated by the description of rivers: Genesis 2:8 (KJV 1900) 8 And the LORD God planted ...
Robert's user avatar
  • 8,543
2 votes
2 answers
1k views

What are "the things of the Spirit of God"? 1 Corinthians 2:14

1 Corinthians 2:14 YLT and the natural man doth not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for to him they are foolishness, and he is not able to know [them], because spiritually they are discerned;...
user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
787 views

Who is the keeper of the wardrobe in 2 Kings 22 - does the Hebrew text resolve the ambiguity?

Who is the keeper of the wardrobe? So Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam, and Achbor, and Shaphan, and Asahiah, went unto Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah, the son of Harhas, ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
283 views

What is the "spirit of wisdom" in Deuteronomy 34:9?

9 And Joshua son of Nun is full of the spirit of wisdom, for Moses had laid his hands upon him, and the sons of Israel hearken unto him, and do as Jehovah commanded Moses. (Deuteronomy 34:9 YLT) What ...
user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
662 views

Is Luke 12:33 a universal commandment?

Luke 12:32-33 (ESV) 32 “Fear not, little flock, for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom. 33 Sell your possessions, and give to the needy. Provide yourselves with moneybags that ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
53 views

Please identify the grammatical subject(s) of Acts 20:11

Acts 20:7-11 reads (NKJV, emphasis added): Now on the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul, ready to depart the next day, spoke to them and continued his ...
The Editor's user avatar
  • 1,878
3 votes
2 answers
510 views

Who was anointed in Psalm 45:7 and Hebrews 1:9.?

Psalm 45:7 ASV Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; Therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee With the oil of gladness above thy fellows. Whose fellows are the ones mentioned on both ...
Alex Balilo's user avatar
  • 3,856
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

What does “put at the apostles’ feet” mean in Acts 4:32-5:2?

32 All the believers were one in heart and mind. No one claimed that any of their possessions was their own, but they shared everything they had. 33 With great power the apostles continued to testify ...
adieue's user avatar
  • 73
3 votes
2 answers
549 views

Are John 15:1-11 and Revelation 3:14-22 referring to the same group of people?

I find striking similarities between John 15:1-11 and Revelation 3:14-22: John 15:1-11 (ESV) “I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser. 2 Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
566 views

In Matthew 16:18, is the "it" against which the gates of hell shall not prevail the "rock" or the "church"?

And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. - Matthew 16:18 Is it "this rock" or "my church" that ...
Mike Borden's user avatar
  • 4,293
4 votes
6 answers
5k views

What does Paul mean by "denying its power" in 2 Timothy 3:5?

2 Timothy 3:1-9 (ESV) But understand this, that in the last days there will come times of difficulty. 2 For people will be lovers of self, lovers of money, proud, arrogant, abusive, disobedient to ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
154 views

Hebrews 7:8; who is meant by the phrase "witnessed that he liveth", Melchizedek or Jesus Christ?

Hebrews 7:8 (ASV): 8 And here men that die receive tithes; but there one, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth. About whom is this phrase "of whom it is witnessed that he liveth" ...
salah's user avatar
  • 4,025
0 votes
4 answers
204 views

"... and put him with the hypocrites. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth" - what place is Jesus referring to in Matthew 24:51?

Matthew 24:44-51 (ESV): 44 Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect. 45 “Who then is the faithful and wise servant, whom his master has set over his ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
215 views

Is the Holy Spirit called God in Luke 1:35?

Luke 1:35 contains the following statement from the angel Gabriel (NKJV): The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One who is ...
The Editor's user avatar
  • 1,878
4 votes
4 answers
1k views

Is there room for interpreting "paradise" in Luke 23:43 as a reference to "Abraham's Bosom" (Luke 16:19-31)?

When Jesus mentioned paradise in Luke 23:43, 43 and Jesus said to him, `Verily I say to thee, To-day with me thou shalt be in the paradise.' (YLT) is it possible that he meant Abraham's bosom, as ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
247 views

Were Jesus (Luke 23:43) & Paul (2 Corinthians 12:1-4) referring to the same 'paradise'?

Luke 23:43 (YLT): 43 and Jesus said to him, `Verily I say to thee, To-day with me thou shalt be in the paradise.' 2 Corinthians 12:1-4 (YLT): To boast, really, is not profitable for me, for I will ...
user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
230 views

Do the Lord of glory in 1 Corinthians and the King of glory in Psalm 24 have the same referent?

Psalm 24:7-10 says: Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in. Who is this King of glory? The LORD strong and mighty, the LORD ...
Mike Borden's user avatar
  • 4,293
1 vote
3 answers
2k views

What traditions does Paul refer to in 2 Thessalonians 2:15?

2 Thessalonians 2:15 (NASB): 15 So then, brothers and sisters, stand firm and hold on to the traditions which you were taught, whether by word of mouth or by letter from us. What traditions is Paul ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Who are the priests mentioned in Exodus 19:22 & 19:24? God did not appear to start the Hebrew priesthood until Exodus 28:1

Since God does not seem to establish the Hebrew priesthood until Exodus 28:1, who are the priests referring to in Exodus 19:22, 24? 20 And the Lord came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount:...
user48294's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
229 views

Who is the speaker in Psalm 45:6 and who is its subject? God or a human king? [duplicate]

JPS Tanakh 1917 Thy throne given of God is for ever and ever; A sceptre of equity is the sceptre of thy kingdom. Who is the speaker in Psalm 45:6 and who is its subject? God or a human king? Does this ...
Alex Balilo's user avatar
  • 3,856
1 vote
1 answer
327 views

Are the "pit" or "world below" of Ezekiel 26:19-21 and the "abyss" of Luke 8:31 the same place?

Ezekiel 26:19-21 (ESV): 19 “For thus says the Lord God: When I make you a city laid waste, like the cities that are not inhabited, when I bring up the deep over you, and the great waters cover you, ...
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