Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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What does “put at the apostles’ feet” mean in Acts 4:32-5:2?

32 All the believers were one in heart and mind. No one claimed that any of their possessions was their own, but they shared everything they had. 33 With great power the apostles continued to testify ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Are John 15:1-11 and Revelation 3:14-22 referring to the same group of people?

I find striking similarities between John 15:1-11 and Revelation 3:14-22: John 15:1-11 (ESV) “I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser. 2 Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he ...
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5 votes
2 answers
336 views

In Matthew 16:18, is the "it" against which the gates of hell shall not prevail the "rock" or the "church"?

And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. - Matthew 16:18 Is it "this rock" or "my church" that ...
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2 votes
3 answers
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What does Paul mean by "denying its power" in 2 Timothy 3:5?

2 Timothy 3:1-9 (ESV) But understand this, that in the last days there will come times of difficulty. 2 For people will be lovers of self, lovers of money, proud, arrogant, abusive, disobedient to ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Hebrews 7:8; who is meant by the phrase "witnessed that he liveth", Melchizedek or Jesus Christ?

Hebrews 7:8 (ASV): 8 And here men that die receive tithes; but there one, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth. About whom is this phrase "of whom it is witnessed that he liveth" ...
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1 vote
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"... and put him with the hypocrites. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth" - what place is Jesus referring to in Matthew 24:51?

Matthew 24:44-51 (ESV): 44 Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect. 45 “Who then is the faithful and wise servant, whom his master has set over his ...
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3 votes
3 answers
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Is there room for interpreting "paradise" in Luke 23:43 as a reference to "Abraham's Bosom" (Luke 16:19-31)?

When Jesus mentioned paradise in Luke 23:43, 43 and Jesus said to him, `Verily I say to thee, To-day with me thou shalt be in the paradise.' (YLT) is it possible that he meant Abraham's bosom, as ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Were Jesus (Luke 23:43) & Paul (2 Corinthians 12:1-4) referring to the same 'paradise'?

Luke 23:43 (YLT): 43 and Jesus said to him, `Verily I say to thee, To-day with me thou shalt be in the paradise.' 2 Corinthians 12:1-4 (YLT): To boast, really, is not profitable for me, for I will ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Do the Lord of glory in 1 Corinthians and the King of glory in Psalm 24 have the same referent?

Psalm 24:7-10 says: Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in. Who is this King of glory? The LORD strong and mighty, the LORD ...
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What traditions does Paul refer to in 2 Thessalonians 2:15?

2 Thessalonians 2:15 (NASB): 15 So then, brothers and sisters, stand firm and hold on to the traditions which you were taught, whether by word of mouth or by letter from us. What traditions is Paul ...
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3 votes
2 answers
146 views

Who are the priests mentioned in Exodus 19:22 & 19:24? God did not appear to start the Hebrew priesthood until Exodus 28:1

Since God does not seem to establish the Hebrew priesthood until Exodus 28:1, who are the priests referring to in Exodus 19:22, 24? 20 And the Lord came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount:...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Who is the speaker in Psalm 45:6 and who is its subject? God or a human king? [duplicate]

JPS Tanakh 1917 Thy throne given of God is for ever and ever; A sceptre of equity is the sceptre of thy kingdom. Who is the speaker in Psalm 45:6 and who is its subject? God or a human king? Does this ...
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1 answer
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Are the "pit" or "world below" of Ezekiel 26:19-21 and the "abyss" of Luke 8:31 the same place?

Ezekiel 26:19-21 (ESV): 19 “For thus says the Lord God: When I make you a city laid waste, like the cities that are not inhabited, when I bring up the deep over you, and the great waters cover you, ...
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5 answers
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Who is the intermediary in Gal 3:19-20

Galatians 3:19-20 Why then the law? It was added because of transgressions, until the offspring should come to whom the promise had been made, and it was put in place through angels by an ...
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What are the best/higher gifts? 1 Corinthians 12:31

1 Corinthians 12:28-31: 28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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To whom did Jesus ascribed creation in Mark 13:19? [closed]

Mark 13:19 ASV For those days shall be tribulation, such as there hath not been the like from the beginning of the creation which God created until now, and never shall be. Considering Isaiah 44:24 ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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What statutes and ordinances does Ezekiel 11:19-20 refer to?

Ezekiel 11:19-20 (NASB): 19 And I will give them one heart, and put a new spirit within them. And I will remove the heart of stone from their flesh and give them a heart of flesh, 20 so that they may ...
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6 votes
4 answers
560 views

Is 2 Peter 2:4 talking about demons?

2 Peter 2:4 (ESV): For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to chains of gloomy darkness to be kept until the judgment; Are the angels that sinned ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Who is the "him" in Jeremiah 30:21

Jer30:21 And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me: for who is this that ...
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Who are the nations and where do they come from in Revelation 20:7-8?

Revelation 20:7-8 NASB 7 When the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and will come out to deceive the nations which are at the four corners of the earth, Gog and ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Is there a non-empty intersection between the believers at Acts 2:1-4 and the believers at Acts 4:31?

Acts 2:1-4 (ESV): When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Does Paul in [2 Corinthians 12:2] allude to Enoch's journey into the third heaven [2 Enoch 8-9]?

Does Paul in [2 Corinthians 12:2] allude to Enoch's journey into the third heaven [2 Enoch 8-9]? Paul claims : "I know a [man] in Christ who fourteen years ago—whether in the body I do not know, ...
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4 answers
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Is Luke 11:9-13 a promise for believers or unbelievers?

Luke 11:9-13 (ESV): 9 And I tell you, ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. 10 For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, ...
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2 votes
2 answers
228 views

What specific set of manuscripts did Peter mean by "prophetic word" and "Scripture" in 2 Peter 1:19-21?

2 Peter 1:19-21 (ESV): 19 And we have the prophetic word more fully confirmed, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning ...
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2 votes
1 answer
24 views

Who will leave a blessing behind and for whom in Joel 2:14?

Joel 2:14 ESV Who knows whether he will not turn and relent, and leave a blessing behind him, a grain offering and a drink offering for the Lord your God? Its not clear in the above text who leaves a ...
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-1 votes
2 answers
115 views

“Who” in Isaiah 40:13 and 14?

Isaiah 40:12: Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and ...
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5 votes
7 answers
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Which transgressions?

GALATIANS 3:19 What purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was appointed through angels by the hand of ...
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2 votes
5 answers
380 views

Did Paul expect "the perfect" to come during his and the Corinthians' lifetime?

1 Corinthians 13:8-13 (ESV): 8 Love never ends. As for prophecies, they will pass away; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will pass away. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in ...
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2 votes
1 answer
564 views

The meaning of Hosea 10.9: "the days of Gibeah"

Text of Hosea 9.9 "Gibeah" or "the days of Gibeah" are a recurring theme in the book of Hosea, being mentioned in Hosea 5.8 (LEB) Blow the horn in Gibeah, the trumpet in Ramah. ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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"Call to Me and I will answer you, and I will tell you great and mighty things, which you do not know" - To whom is Jeremiah 33:3's promise made?

Jeremiah 33:1-3 (NASB): Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the second time, while he was still confined in the courtyard of the guard, saying, 2 “This is what the LORD says, He who made the ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Hosea 6.9: KJV "by consent" or ESV/LEB "by Shechem"

In Hosea 6.9: KJV reads: And as troops of robbers wait for a man, So the company of priests murder in the way by consent: For they commit lewdness. Whereas ESV has: As robbers lie in wait for a man,...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Who is the Revelation of Yeshua given to (i.e. the Book of Revelation)?

In the Book of Revelation we have the following opening statement: 1:1 Ἀποκάλυψις Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ ἣν ἔδωκεν αὐτῷ ὁ θεός δεῖξαι τοῖς δούλοις αὐτοῦ ἃ δεῖ γενέσθαι ἐν τάχει καὶ ἐσήμανεν ἀποστείλας διὰ τοῦ ...
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1 vote
2 answers
113 views

In 1 Cor. 14:1, was Paul's exhortation to "earnestly desire spiritual gifts" addressed only to the Corinthians, or to all Christians in general?

1 Corinthians 14:1 (ESV) Pursue love, and earnestly desire the spiritual gifts, especially that you may prophesy Did Paul write this exhortation only for the Corinthians who were the immediate ...
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2 votes
1 answer
62 views

In whose home did the church meet in Philemon 1?

1 Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timothy our brother, To Philemon our dear friend and fellow worker— 2 also to Apphia our sister and Archippus our fellow soldier—and to the church that meets in ...
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5 votes
8 answers
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Did Paul treat God and Jesus as one person in Titus 2:13?

Titus 2 text: 11 For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men, 12 teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in the ...
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3 votes
2 answers
352 views

Who took off his sandal in Ruth 4:8?

Ruth 4:8 ESV 8 So when the redeemer said to Boaz, “Buy it for yourself,” he drew off his sandal. Ruth 4:8 KJV 8 Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew off his shoe. Ruth 4:8 ...
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2 votes
3 answers
107 views

Was Jesus' promise "I am with you always, to the end of the age" only for the apostles or for Christians in all ages?

Matthew 28:19-20: 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all that I have ...
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6 votes
2 answers
611 views

What is the "it" in "those who find it are few" in Matt 7:14?

Matt 7:13-14 (ESV) says: 13 “Enter by the narrow gate. For the gate is wide and the way is easy that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many. 14 For the gate is narrow and the way is ...
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5 votes
1 answer
136 views

What signs and wonders are performed by whom? 2 Thessalonians 2:9-10

2 Thessalonians 2:9-10 (NIV): 9 The coming of the lawless one will be in accordance with how Satan works. He will use all sorts of displays of power through signs and wonders that serve the lie, 10 ...
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3 votes
4 answers
218 views

Who was Melchizedek?

In Genesis 14:17-20 we read that Abram met with Melchizedek. Then, we only find Melchizedek mentioned again in Psalms 110:4 The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after ...
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2 votes
2 answers
66 views

Pneumatology in Ephesians--what spirit enables us to know whom?

Ephesians 1:17: That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: (KJV) I keep asking that the God of our ...
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2 votes
2 answers
99 views

Christology in Ephesians--what is meant by "the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory"?

Ephesians 1:17: That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: (KJV) I keep asking that the God of our ...
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5 votes
3 answers
405 views

Who is "he" in Luke 20:37

Luke 20:37 NIV 37 But in the account of the burning bush, even Moses showed that the dead rise, for he calls the Lord ‘the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’[b] 38 He is not ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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In 1 Peter 2:17, who is the king to which he refers, and how, specifically, is he to be honored?

[1 Peter 2:17 NKJV] (17) Honor all [people]. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king. Might he be referring to Christ as King? Or might he be referring to an obligatory sacrifice to the Caesar/...
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4 votes
3 answers
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Romans 5:13 which Law is Paul referring to

When I read the below verse, I am unclear which Law Paul is Talking about. Is he refering to the Law on Mount Sinai? Cain was punished even before the law was given The whole earth was punished ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Who is said to have the tent behind him in Genesis 18:10?

Genesis 18:9 And they said unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, in the tent. 10 And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife ...
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9 votes
5 answers
2k views

Did Jesus address Peter or Satan influencing Peter when he said “Get behind me, Satan!" in Matthew 16:23?

Matthew 16:23 (ESV): 23 But he turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a hindrance to me. For you are not setting your mind on the things of God, but on the things of man.” Was ...
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3 votes
1 answer
99 views

Who is the main speaker in Zechariah 2:8-9,11?

Zechariah 2:8-9,11 (NASB) “For thus says the LORD of hosts, “After glory He has sent me against the nations which plunder you, for he who touches you, touches the apple of His eye. For behold, I will ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Are the signs mentioned in Mark 16:17-18 universally expected of all true believers?

Mark 16:17-19 (ESV): 17 And these signs will accompany those who believe: in my name they will cast out demons; they will speak in new tongues; 18 they will pick up serpents with their hands; and if ...
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2 votes
3 answers
114 views

Why did the angel of the LORD (YHWH) asked YHWH for information and receive comforting words in Zechariah 1:12 -13?

Zechariah 1:12-13 ASV Then the angel of Jehovah answered and said, O Jehovah of hosts, how long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which thou hast had ...
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