Questions tagged [greek]

Koiné (from κοινή, "common") Greek was the form of post-classical Greek spoken and written in Hellenistic and Roman antiquity. It is the language of the Septuagint (LXX), Christian New Testament, and most early Christian theological writings.

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In Philemon 11, is Paul making a pun from Onesimus' name?

Given the name Onesimus means "profitable or useful" and Paul writes in vrs 11: [Onesimus,] who once was unprofitable to thee, but now is profitable to thee and to me: Is Paul making a pun with ...
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How were Paleo-Hebrew words in the Greek Septuagint fragments treated?

In certain old fragments of the Greek Septuagint the name of YHWH alone is written in paleo-Hebrew letters. I’m a novice at Greek, but isn’t it necessary for all proper nouns and names to be written ...
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What was Jesus’ πατρίδι (hometown/homeland) in John 4:44?

What was Jesus’ πατρίδι (hometown/homeland) in John 4:44? I had always assumed that this referred to Nazareth and Galilee, where Jesus grew up. However, Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg in The Jewish ...
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In Galatians 2:11 what does Paul mean when he says that Peter “stood condemned”?

[Gal 2:11 NASB] (11) But when Cephas came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he stood condemned. [Gal 2:11 MGNT] (11) ὅτε δὲ ἦλθεν Κηφᾶς εἰς Ἀντιόχειαν κατὰ πρόσωπον αὐτῷ ...
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What does the anointing with power mean in Acts 10:38?

δύναμις (from 1410 /dýnamai, "able, having ability") – properly, "ability to perform" (source). In the New Testament, Jesus is shown to have His own divine power (δύναμις) (2 Peter 1:2-3, 16, ...
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In Acts 15:17 are the “remnant of men” and the “gentiles who are called by name” identical?

In the CSB it appears that they are: [Act 15:17 CSB] (17) "so the rest of humanity may seek the Lord -- even all the Gentiles who are called by my name -- declares the Lord who makes these things ...
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δόλος = deceit in John 1:47

On the account of Jesus' encounter with Nathanael, this is written: Joh 1:47  Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward him and said of him, “Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no deceit!” (ESV) ...
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How should we understand λαμβάνω in John 5:34?

How should we understand λαμβάνω in John 5:34? ἐγὼ δὲ οὐ παρὰ ἀνθρώπου τὴν μαρτυρίαν λαμβάνω, ἀλλὰ ταῦτα λέγω ἵνα ὑμεῖς σωθῆτε. (John 5:34, NA27) While many more literal translations translate ...
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Why does St. Jerome translate αληθείας as caritatis in 1 Pet. 1:22?

Why does St. Jerome translate αληθείας as caritatis in 1 Pet. 1:22? obedientia [υπακοή] caritatis [αληθείας = "of the truth"] He uses "non obedire veritati" for "αληθεία μη πείθεσθαι" in Gal. 3:1.
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How should the Greek word translated into English as 'established' in Romans 13:1 be understood?

Romans 13:1 is translated into English as "there is no authority except that which God has established. The authorities that exist have been established by God." According to my NIV Greek Interlinear,...
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In Deuteronomy 8:3 why is “live” a future verb?

[Deu 8:3 ASV] (3) And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live ...
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In the context of Matthew 11:25 is “thank” the best translation of ἐξομολογοῦμαί?

[Mat 11:25 NLT] (25) At that time Jesus prayed this prayer: "O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, thank you for hiding these things from those who think themselves wise and clever, and for revealing ...
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What are the “elements” in “the elements will melt with fervent heat”? NKJV. 2 Peter 3:10

Here are 3 possibilities: c.2000 years ago in Greek culture the elements were fire, earth, water, metal and wood. To the modern scientific mind, as when the N.K.J.V. was written, elements may ...
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In 2 Corinthians 10:8 what is meant by “put to shame”?

2Co 10:7-9 ASV(7) Ye look at the things that are before your face. If any man trusteth in himself that he is Christ's, let him consider this again with himself, that, even as he is Christ's, so also ...
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Is the word “begotten” in John 3:16 of Authorized Version a problem that creates confusion when establishing the Deity of Christ?

The Authorized Version has the word "begotten" in John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have ...
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Did Jesus add to the words of Moses from Deuteronomy 6:5?

I'm not sure if this is to do with Hebrew being translated to Greek, but when looking at "The greatest commandment" Deuteronomy 6:5 says: "And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thy heart, ...
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Why is it that in John 3:3 the ESV translates “be born from above” to “is born again”?

I was told that ESV uses the oldest Greek manuscripts to translate the scripture literally from Greek into English. So why is it that in John 3:3 the ESV translates "be born from above" to "is born ...
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What do the words “meek & lowly” in Matthew 11:29 mean and how to achieve it?

What do the words "meek & lowly" in Matthew 11:29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.( KJV ). mean? Is any of ...
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What is Hebrews 3:14 saying to do with “our confidence”?

[Heb 3:14 ASV] for we are become partakers of Christ, if we hold fast the beginning of our confidence firm unto the end: What is he saying about "hold fast the beginning of our confidence firm unto ...
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Is Mark 12:30 explicitly saying all WILL love God?

Sorry if this question is not appropriate for this site or a'bit stupid, I don't know Greek myself, just looked at the translations on biblehub and I was wondering wether what is often translated as '...
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Should “from the father” be translated instead as “beside a father” in John 1:14?

A typical translation of John 1:14-18 usually reads about like this: (John 1:14–18, ESV) And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from ...
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In John 1:14 what is meant by “glory as of an only begotten of a father”?

[John 1:14 YLT] (14) And the Word [IE: "utterance"] became flesh, and did tabernacle among us, and we beheld his glory, glory as of an only begotten of a father, full of grace and truth. [Jhn 1:...
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What Kind of Poor, are the Poor in Spirit?

The “poor” in the verse “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven[,]” (Mat. 5:3 NIV) is the An.Gr. “ptōchoi”. While this word does refer to poor people Strong’s Concordance ...
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What is the significance of “you will not find me”in John 7:34 (ESV) when it is left out in John 13:33?

What is the significance of “you will not find me”in John 7:34 (ESV) when it is left out in John 13:33? I will be with you a little longer, and then I am going to him who sent me. You will seek me ...
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In John 11:16 did Thomas think Jesus was going to Lazarus by going to Jerusalem to die?

In John 11:16 did Thomas think Jesus was going to Lazarus by going to Jerusalem to die? Then Jesus told them plainly, “Lazarus has died, and for your sake I am glad that I was not there, so that ...
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Anyone know why Σιλωάμ in John 9:7 has the μ at the end

Anyone know why Σιλωάμ in John 9:7 has the μ at the end. The Hebrew New Testament (Bible Society of Israel) has הַשִּׁלּוֹחַ (apparently qal passive participle) with no ending m sound from the Hebrew ...
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In 2 Samuel 12:25, what is Solomon's alternate name in the Septuagint and what does it mean?

The KJV (mainly Hebrew?) reads, "And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he called his name Jedidiah, because of the LORD." The Septuagint (e-Sword) reads, "και απεστειλεν εν χειρι ναθαν ...
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What is the significance of the change in tense from “rise” to “measure” in Revelation 11:1?

Then I was given a measuring rod like a staff, and I was told, “Rise and measure the temple of God and the altar and those who worship there, (Revelation 11:1 ESV) καὶ ἐδόθη μοι κάλαμος ὅμοιος ...
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Does the phrase “i am ascending” in John 20:17 meant it an act in progress?

Does the phrase "i am ascending" in John 20:17 meant it an act in progress which could be completed before Jesus appears to those Jewish disciples who were hiding behind locked doors later that night ...
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discussion φαιλόνην

discussion φαιλόνην It has been suggested that the greek word φαιλόνην,as St Paul uses it in 2 Timothy 4:13 has a link to the shroud of Turin, as a early relic of Christianity; with links to the ...
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Looks or keeps looking at a woman: Matthew 5:28

ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΤΘΑΙΟΝ 5:27-28 1881 (WHNU) 28 εγω δε λεγω υμιν οτι πας ο βλεπων γυναικα προς το επιθυμησαι [αυτην] ηδη εμοιχευσεν αυτην εν τη καρδια αυτου English translations usually render the verse ...
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What is the logic used in Romans 7:1-2 to help us know our relationship with the Law?

Romans 7:1-2 Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth? 2 For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the ...
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Who are the dogs in Philippians 3:2 and Revelation 22:15?

Deuteronomy 23:18 says Thou shalt not bring the hire of a whore, or the price of a dog, into the house of the LORD thy God for any vow: for even both these are abomination unto the LORD thy God. (...
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Jude vs 24: who has the joy?

Jude 24 in KJV says: Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy Various English translations render this ...
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Romans 8:23 - 'within' or 'among'? ἡμεῖς καὶ αὐτοὶ ἐν ἑαυτοῖς στενάζομεν

The ἐν ἑαυτοῖς of Rom 8:23 is typically rendered in English as 'within ourselves' or 'inwardly'. ἡμεῖς καὶ αὐτοὶ ἐν ἑαυτοῖς στενάζομεν Could it not also be rendered 'among ourselves'? Is there ...
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What does “no one” and “God” refer to in John 1:18?

What does "no one" and "God" refer to in John 1:18 No one has ever seen God; the only God, who is at the Father’s side, he has made him known. ( ESV ) ? The interlinear bible says No one means ...
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What does “by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they” mean in Hebrews 1:4?

What does "by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they" mean in Hebrews 1:4 being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than ...
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Is there a linguistic basses for how to translate John 8:43, or are translations basing their translation on context alone?

Is there a linguistic basis for how to translate John 8:43, or are translations basing their translation on context alone? The following is not meant to be exhaustive, but a sample of the variation ...
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What is the meaning of “lampstand” in Revelation 2:5?

What is the meaning of "lampstand" in Revelation 2:5 ? Remember therefore from where you have fallen; repent, and do the works you did at first. If not, I will come to you and remove your ...
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A question about the double article in I Timothy 3:16

μεγα εστιν το της ευσεβειας μυστηριον [TR] ... great is the mystery of godliness [KJV] ... great is the of piety mystery [EGNT] ... great is the secret of piety [YLT] Since the first ...
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Is unclean ακαθαρτος / ακαθαρτον in the NT the same as in the OT LXX of the Law (Pentateuch)?

In reading the New Testament Epistles the words rooted in ακαθαρτ translated 'unclean' in the KJV are listed among sinful actions: Ephesians 5:5  For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean ...
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What παρακαλεῖτε precisely means ? Heb 3:13

What that greek word (strong: 3870) means precisely ? to encourage or to teach or to counsel or to look after someone or to say thanks or others things ? I absolutely need it to do Heb 3:13.
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What is the difference between “logos ( λόγος )” in 1 Corinthians 12:8 and “rhema ( ῥήματος)” in Matthew 26:75?

What is the difference between "logos ( λόγος )" in 1 Corinthians 12:8 and "rhema ( ῥήματος)" in Matthew 26:75? There is a background to this question. This article "Rhema and Logos: There Is No ...
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Does θεός in John 1:1, John 1:18, John 10:33 and John 20:28 have the same meaning?

The following passages from John's gospel had identified Jesus as θεός and I had observed that various theological deductions favored either a High Christology or Low Christology in interpreting them....
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Do Matthew 24:27 and Luke 17:24 refer to the sunrise instead of lightning?

Matthew 24:27 YLT ... for as the lightning doth come forth from the east, and doth appear unto the west, so shall be also the presence of the Son of Man; ... Two things to note: The ...
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In Matthew 16:19 what are the “keys of the kingdom”?

Matthew 16:19 (ESV) I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” ΚΑΤΑ ...
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Did Jesus make alcoholic wine or grape juice?

I heard someone giving a talk on alcohol and Christianity. One thing that stood out was when they said that the word used for 'wine' at the wedding in Cana (John chapter 2) meant grape juice. When ...
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In Revelation 13:11 why do English translations always render θηρίον as “beast”?

[Rev 13:11 ESV] (11) Then I saw another beast rising out of the earth. It had two horns like a lamb and it spoke like a dragon. [Rev 13:11 MGNT] (11) καὶ εἶδον ἄλλο θηρίον ἀναβαῖνον ἐκ τῆς ...
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What does it mean in John 20:23 when Jesus gives his disciples authority to 'retain' sins?

What does it mean in John 20:23 when Jesus gives his disciples authority to 'retain' sins? What does 'retain' mean here? Does it mean 'not forgive' or something else entirely?
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Can 1Cor 10:25 (eating meat from the market) be translated differently?

YLT 1Cor 10:25 Whatever in the meat-market is sold eat ye, not inquiring, because of the conscience, By moving a comma or two, it reads: Whatever in the meat-market is sold eat ye not, ...