Questions tagged [greek]

Koiné (from κοινή, "common") Greek was the form of post-classical Greek spoken and written in Hellenistic and Roman antiquity. It is the language of the Septuagint (LXX), Christian New Testament, and most early Christian theological writings.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
0 answers
15 views

Luke 1:26-56 deleted from Aramaic scripture? [closed]

Why is Luke 1:26-56 not included in Aramaic scripture? (Gabriel visits Mary; prophecy of Jesus’ birth, Mary visits Elizabeth).
Barbara 's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
1k views

1 Timothy 3:16 – How can the relative pronoun in Greek - Ὃς - which means “who, which, that” etc., be translated as “He”?

English Standard Version Great indeed, we confess, is the mystery of godliness: He was manifested in the flesh, vindicated by the Spirit, seen by angels, proclaimed among the nations, believed on in ...
Nephesh Roi's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
163 views

What is the only way to see God and live?

Exodus 33:20 And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live." For clarification, this is the LORD speaking to Moses (KJV) and since all capitalization is used ...
RHPclass79's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
31 views

And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. 4 God saw that the light was good,

The Beginning Genesis 1:1-5 1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2 Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was ...
እኔ ነኝ's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
88 views

Who is angry - Jesus or the Crowd? Mark 3:5

Mark 3:5 says this And having looked around on them with anger, being grieved at the hardness of their heart, He says to the man, "Stretch out your hand." And he stretched it out, and his ...
Dottard's user avatar
  • 95.7k
3 votes
2 answers
41 views

Ephesians 4:12 Is building up the body of Christ a job for the apostles, prophets, evangelists, shepherds and teachers or for the saints at large?

11 And he gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the shepherds and teachers, 12 to equip the saints for the work of ministry, for building up the body of Christ, 13 until we all attain to ...
Austin's user avatar
  • 3,715
5 votes
3 answers
135 views

Does Romans' use of ἀπολύτρωσις (redemption) indicate something different from the LXX's use of λύτρωσις?

In Paul's preaching of the Gospel, he states believers have redemption: Romans 3:21-26 (ESV): 21 But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the ...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
68 views

Choice of Greek words for, and English translation of, "Why hast thou forsaken me"

In Matthew 27:46, Jesus says: why hast thou forsaken me? ἱνατί με ἐγκατέλιπες [ why(5×), wherefore(1×) ] Mark 15:34 has: why hast thou forsaken me? εἰς τί με ἐγκατέλιπές [ what (260×), who (102×), ...
Ray Butterworth's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
30 views

Filo vs agapas in the dialog of Peter with resurrected Jesus, a linguistic detail [duplicate]

In John 21:15-17 the deep meaning of the text is revealed by using different words to express love: filo (like) and agapas (love). I think, Peter was grieved by the meaning of the text about words of ...
porton's user avatar
  • 342
3 votes
3 answers
105 views

Does 'That Fox' refer to Herod or the Pharisee?

strong textAccording to this Answer... https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/a/27001/28347 It is argued that The ESV mistranslates the phrase αλωπεκι ταυτη as "that fox" instead of "...
Faith Mendel's user avatar
  • 1,878
0 votes
0 answers
33 views

Please help, was it a stake or a cross? [duplicate]

Good morning all, Forgive my ineptitude. As I was told for many years of my life that Jesus was crucified upon a cross, I imagined it as many do as a "t" shaped cross. I have now been ...
ArmchairMDiv's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
70 views

"Original" Koine Greek New Testament data download?

I saw Greek New Testament data sets to download? but wasn't sure that was the "Koine greek" ancient text, do we have a copy of that available on the web somewhere for free? I am not sure ...
Lance's user avatar
  • 121
3 votes
4 answers
491 views

Romans 10:13 - How long does it take to get saved when someone calls on the name of the Lord? (aorist, middle, subjunctive)

Romans 10:13 NIV 84 For everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved. πᾶς γὰρ ὃς ἂν ἐπικαλέσηται τὸ ὄνομα κυρίου σωθήσεται. [GNT] ἐπικαλέσηται This question is about the aorist tense of ...
Gregory Norton's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
95 views

Translation of Revelations 21:24

While doing a word study on sōzō, I noticed that most translations of Revelation 21:24, do not include the word “saved” (ASV) *And the nations shall walk amidst the light Only (13) translations use ...
matt's user avatar
  • 131
3 votes
2 answers
257 views

θαυμάζω which meaning of “wonder” in John 3:7?

θαυμάζω apparently means “wonder”, but which kind? In Plato’s talk about philosophy, it’s suggested by many to mean “puzzlement”. But in John 3:7, it’s suggested Jesus meant Nicodemus was struck with “...
Rachel's user avatar
  • 31
5 votes
2 answers
214 views

What is the significance of the omission of the article in Son of Man in John?

John uses the phrase Son of Man twelve times. Ten are spoken by Jesus and two by the crowd: John 12:34 ESV So the crowd answered him, “We have heard from the Law that the Christ remains forever. How ...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
488 views

Does Revelation actually imply that the "stars" hit the ground or only that they fall towards it?

Revelation 6:13 ESV and the stars of the sky fell to the earth as the fig tree sheds its winter fruit when shaken by a gale. καὶ οἱ ἀστέρες τοῦ οὐρανοῦ ἔπεσαν εἰς τὴν γῆν, ὡς συκῆ βάλλει τοὺς ...
Hurdlegreen2's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
84 views

"God our savior, who desires all people to be saved" Is the Greek clear on whether this desire is God's, the Savior's, or they are one unit?

1 Timothy 2:3–4 says: "This is good, and it is pleasing in the sight of God our Savior who desires all people to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth" τοῦτο καλὸν καὶ ...
Hurdlegreen2's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
77 views

Pretrib or prewrath based on a correct understanding of Revelation 6:17?

Revelation 6:17 NIV For the great day of their wrath has come, and who can stand? According to BSBGrk INT (Bible software program "The Word") "has come" is an Aorist Indicative ...
Verbeek777's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
133 views

In 1 Corinthians 13:8, it says 'will pass away' in reference to spiritual gifts. Does this mean that they will pass away or that they already have?

A lot of people say that there are no prophets today and cite this verse saying 'will pass away' means it already has for us today. I believe that this verse is referring to the new earth with the ...
Jordan Stepp's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
160 views

John 1:12 in the KJV has the word even. Is this word " even" in the original Greek text?

John 1:12 KJV But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: 'To those who received Him, even those who believed on His name' ...
Tim Peek's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
102 views

Greek Rendering of Joshua the son of Nun

Why is Hebrew יהושע בן נון rendered into Greek as Ιησους Ναυη rather than perhaps Νουν? The LXX seems to consistently use Ναυη for the character נון in all cases: Joshua 1:1 εἶπε ὁ Κύριος τῷ Ἰησοῖ ...
user67637's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
191 views

Confusion between "dead" and "asleep"

I was researching the difference between "dead and "asleep" when I found this 1 Corinthians 15:6 - What does "Fallen Asleep" really mean? It answered my question, but left me ...
matt's user avatar
  • 131
5 votes
5 answers
535 views

What does προσθεὶς mean in Luke 19:11?

I looked it up in the dictionary, and found "add". That word is where we get the word "prosthetic". Young's Literal Translation says: And while they are hearing these things, ...
Omar and Lorraine's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
244 views

What are Hebrew & Greek words used in Ruth to describe her status and its meaning?

Ruth is mentioned as a servant, Handmaid, maidservant, slave, foreigner, Moabite. What I would like clarified is: The Hebrew & Greek word that are used for servant, Handmaid, maidservant and ...
another theory's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
161 views

What are some principles for translating εις in the NT? Particularly, why is εις in John 3:16 normally rendered in and εις in John 3:17 normally into?

John 3:16, 17 ESV 16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to ...
Jonny P's user avatar
  • 41
3 votes
2 answers
327 views

Is the 'marveled' expression in Greek used in Mark 6:6, Luke 7:9 and Matthew 8:10 the same one?

I've head a preacher making the case for a sermon regarding this, it was very interesting. My limited insight into it seems to confirm it, but can someone help clarify? Mark 6:6 KJV And he marvelled ...
jbdo's user avatar
  • 121
4 votes
4 answers
9k views

Is curling hair in general a sin?

According to the LXX, Leviticus 19:27 states: You will not make curled hair from the hair of your head, nor shall you disfigure the appearance of your beard. The Greek word for curl is σισόην which ...
user59189's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
2k views

Difference between eternal & everlasting life

Looking for help distinguishing between the two. From what I've gathered, eternal life could mean "time-based", i.e. heaven, and everlasting life means "quality" of life here ...
Anointed Dread's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
82 views

Can 1 Corinthians 6:12 and 10:23 be translated as hyperbole?

1 Timothy 6:10: the root of all evil (KJV) a root of all kinds of evil (NKJV) The changed interpretation in the New KJV is similar to most other translations, a hyperbolic expression meaning &...
Ray Butterworth's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
179 views

Agreement of subject and verb in Luke 11:41

Why is the verb in Luke 11:41 singular, when "all things" is plural? How - if at all - does that lack of agreement affect the possible meaning of the sentence? But rather give alms of such ...
HAT's user avatar
  • 43
1 vote
1 answer
55 views

Two questions about the use of "eternal" (αἰώνιος, aiōnios) in Jude 1:7

Jude 1:7 ends with "are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.", which in the original Greek is: English Greek Romanized Strong's Root Romanized Grammar are set ...
Ray Butterworth's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
85 views

Is "all things" the correct translation of "πάντα" in Mark 10:27 and Matthew 19:26?

In the Gospels of Matthew and Mark, the phrase "πάντα [γὰρ] δυνατὰ" appears in a synoptic passage (Matthew 19:26 and Mark 10:27 respectively.) This phrase is often defined (e.g. by the state ...
Corbin's user avatar
  • 111
0 votes
1 answer
83 views

Exegesis - Paraclete as the antichrist or Satan?

Premise While the Paraclete mentioned in john is of perennial interest to many, to my knowledge, scholarship does not carry out serious discussions on the identity of the Plaraclete. The Early Church ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
745 views

In Romans 8:9 is Paul assuming that Christ is God?

I found similar questions asked on Romans 8:9, but none asked with this focus, One was even closed for lack of focus. You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit [πνεύματι], if in fact the ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
  • 19.6k
0 votes
1 answer
150 views

Difference between: unbelief vs disbelief

The expression "unbelief" appears to be quite significant. Like how Christianity appears to divide people between "believers" and "unbelievers". The word "unbelief&...
Jason_'s user avatar
  • 111
2 votes
2 answers
83 views

Meaning of εγκαταπαίζεσθαι in Job

I have encountered a word only used in the Septuigent/LXX in Job 40:19 and 41:33. Sir Brenton translates it as "to be played with" while the Apostolic Polyglot translates it as "mocked&...
William's user avatar
  • 21
1 vote
4 answers
137 views

Does κτίζω entail creation out of nothing

Col 1:16 - For in Him [Jesus] all things were created, things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities. All things were created through Him [...
Bob's user avatar
  • 329
5 votes
4 answers
496 views

Is it correct to translate *dexiolaboi* as 'spearmen' in Acts 23:23?

There is no dispute about the Greek noun δεξιολαβος dexiolaboi in Acts 23:23, and all translations I have access to have rendered it as 'spearmen'. A query only arises due to the number of them, ...
Anne's user avatar
  • 21.3k
2 votes
2 answers
85 views

Intertextuality - OT Angel of death and NT death (horseman)

I would like to examine what relationship, if any, early and later Greek scribes saw between the OT angel of death/destruction and the death described by the NT as one of the four horsemen. We see the ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
246 views

Is there any connection between the words "Nazarene" and "Nazarite"?

In Acts 24:5–18 Paul was accused of being the "leader of the sect of the Nazarenes". Some scholars assume that the term "Nazarite" which means consecrated, originated the name of ...
Felipe Ligeiro's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
147 views

What does saraph mean? "a fiery serpent" "animal" "dragon" or "seraphim (angel)"

Does anyone know what saraph שָׂרָ֥ף means? It is sometimes translated as "fiery serpent" but this word הַשְּׂרָפִ֔ים, sharing the same root is also translated as "fiery" (serpent)...
cassjane's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
123 views

What is ἐμπνέων telling us about Paul in Acts 9:1?

ἐμπνέων ... Present active participle of old and common verb. Not “breathing out,” but “breathing in” (inhaling) as in Aeschylus and Plato or “breathing on” (from Homer on). -- Robertson, A. T. (1933)...
Perry Webb's user avatar
  • 19.6k
0 votes
1 answer
59 views

Why the use of the Greek epsilon for first word and then the Greek eta for the same word in the verse John 1:1?

I'm in the beginning stages of learning Koine Greek. I could not find a community with a specific focus on this subject. So I hope this is the right one to ask. Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ Λόγος, καὶ ὁ Λόγος ἦν En ...
Todd's user avatar
  • 365
-1 votes
1 answer
90 views

Perfect Indicative Active and 1 John 1:10

1 John 1:10 If we say, "We have not sinned," we make him a liar, and his word is not in us. The verb ἡμαρτήκαμεν is a perfect indicative active of the verb 'to sin' here and same author, ...
Rob Callicotte's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
656 views

Does the Granville Sharp rule apply to Titus 2:13 when dealing with "the Blessed Hope?

...while we wait for the Blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God... (Titus 2:13, KJV) The modern NIV translation seems to translate this part of verse 13 as if the Granville Sharp rule ...
ray grant's user avatar
  • 1,820
0 votes
0 answers
23 views

Job 4:6 Heb: "your fear [of God] your hope, the integrity of your ways" LXX: your fear founded in folly, your evil ways

The LXX is significantly different in this verse. Can you find scholarly comments or notes on this textual variants and the contextual analysis for a particular reading would suit Eliphaz's views? ...
Michael16's user avatar
  • 4,949
-1 votes
2 answers
124 views

Why Luke uses ἀνήρ (man) for Mary (a woman)?

As I was studying the use of the Greek word ἀνήρ (anēr, G435), I discovered surprisingly that Luke used this word for Mary in Luke 1:34. Luke 1:34 But Mary said to the angel, "How will this be, ...
TruthSeeker's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
35 views

Does 2nd Peter have extant manuscripts that are a combination of Greek and Aramaic?

I heard from somewhere (I cannot recall) that the extant manuscripts of 2nd Peter were written in a combination of Aramaic and Greek, is there any evidence for this? Example: (1 particular manuscript ...
Cork88's user avatar
  • 3,255
2 votes
4 answers
105 views

Would using "Nations" instead of "Gentiles" be more appropriate as a translation of "ethnos" in the New Testament as in Acts 15:17?

Ethnicity This word, ethnos, from what we get ethnic or ethnicity simply means a nation or nationality. It could refer to any people group around the world (or as far the N.T. is concerned, the ...
ray grant's user avatar
  • 1,820

1
2 3 4 5
32