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Questions tagged [greek]

Koiné (from κοινή, "common") Greek was the form of post-classical Greek spoken and written in Hellenistic and Roman antiquity. It is the language of the Septuagint (LXX), Christian New Testament, and most early Christian theological writings.

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Is Matthew 24:40 mistranslated in most English translations?

In context, Matthew 24:36-44 ESV reads as follows: 36 “But concerning that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only. 37 For as were the days of Noah, ...
Dieter's user avatar
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What is the difference between from God, ἀπὸ θεοῦ and παρὰ θεοῦ?

When first introduced Nicodemus is described as professesing some belief in Jesus: John 3:2 (ESV): This man came to Jesus by night and said to him, “Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from ...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
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2 answers
417 views

Based on the entire use of "call on the name" throughout Scripture, what do saints in Bible times believe about Jesus whenever they call on His name? [closed]

On Christianity Stack Exchange, I asked the question Do all instances of the phrase “call on the name” prove that Jesus is God?, in which I explain, in detail and with far more references, that the ...
another-prodigal's user avatar
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Does Jesus mean "Salvation" or "God is Salvation"?

I'm unsure as to whether Jesus means "Salvation", or "God is Salvation". Strongs tells me that "Jesus" (G2424) is derived from the Hebrew, H3091. H3091 is yᵊhôšûaʿ, ...
Luke's user avatar
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Does the "exception clause" in Matthew 5 and Matthew 19 permit divorce or explain culpability for adultery?

Nearly all the interpretations I've seen of the "exception clause" treat it as expressing a situation where divorce could be allowed, but I've heard another interpretation that instead ...
Jed Schaaf's user avatar
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2 answers
52 views

How can I use online bible resources to find a word in the Septuagint, and the Hebrew word it aligns with?

I've recently come to understand that the Septuagint is the Old Testament translated into Greek. This is an important discovery to me, as I now have the potential to see which Greek words are used to ...
Luke's user avatar
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Grammar of Ephesians 3:14-19 - triple "hina" clauses in Greek?

In Ephesians 3:14-19, a single sentence in Greek, Paul includes three consecutive "hina" clauses at the beginning of verses 16, 18, and the middle of verse 19 - my question is this: are ...
Cole Mizel's user avatar
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Does θεοῦ in John 1:6 refer to θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος?

The Prologue begins with statements about God in which the article is included and omitted. John 1:1-2: In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with τὸν θεόν and the Word was θεὸς. οὗτος was ...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
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How can I find all the Strongs Concordance words that originate from a certain root word?

I use the Interlinear tools of the Blue Letter Bible website to find the original Hebrew or Greek words used in verses, as compiled by the Strongs Concordance. If the word is a not a primitive root (...
Luke's user avatar
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Grammatical construction of Col 1:21-23?

I am wondering about the grammar and clause construction of Colossians 1:21-23 in the Greek. Unfortunately, I do not read Bible Greek, so I am lost here. It’s my understanding that the ancient Greek ...
EdNerd's user avatar
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Why different translations of Luke 2:14?

I noticed something strange about how several recent translations handle Luke 2:14, that in my own impression of understanding the English does not seem to make sense compared to older translations. ...
Mike's user avatar
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Can usage of Θεὸς in Luke 20:38 support the translation of Θεὸς as "God" and not "a god" in John 1:1?

In search of support for the translation of Θεὸς(theos) as "God" in John 1:1, I wanted to find a similar usage of theos - specifically at the beginning of a complete thought and without a ...
another-prodigal's user avatar
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Romans 4:2-5 -- How do you understand Paul's juxtapose statement about "crediting" faith?

Romans 4:2-5 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about; but not before God. 3 For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as ...
GC_'s user avatar
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Genesis 28:3 a congregation of peoples

The phrase 'Company of Peoples' in Genesis 28:3 is similar to the Greek word in the NT for congregation. I think Genesis 28:3 refers to nations of people, but since it is similar to ekklesia, is it ...
Puddinhead's user avatar
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Do diakrino and diakrisis mean the same thing?

Why are is one used in Romans 14:1, and the other used in Romans 14:23? Any reason of meaning, or are they forms of the same word?
Tyler's user avatar
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Is John 18:31 better understood as "It is not lawful for us to murder anyone."

There are several questions about the ability of the Sanhedrin to legally carryout capital punishment. On one hand, Pilate seems to affirm the right: John 18:31 (ESV) Pilate said to them, “Take him ...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
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Does the Greek text for Mark 15:33 contain an example of an aorist participle whose action occurs before the action of the main verb?

The Greek text of Mark 15:33 reads: Καὶ γενομένης ὥρας ἕκτης, σκότος ἐγένετο ἐφ’ ὅλην τὴν γῆν ἕως ὥρας ἐνάτης. The English translation (KJV) of Mark 15:33 reads: And when the sixth hour was come, ...
warriorfortruth's user avatar
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4 answers
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Why did the angel speak to Mary in the future tense (Lk. 1:26-38)?

If the angel Gabriel was seeking Mary's consent to be the mother of God*, why did he speak to her in the future tense in Lk. 1:26-38, as though the prophesied events will occur through her regardless ...
Geremia's user avatar
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Matthew 5:23-24 Who does adelphos (ἀδελφός, brother) refer to?

23 Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee; 24 Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy ...
theisticdebater's user avatar
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Why did Jesus say He wouldn’t drink of the vine when it seems like He did?

Jesus said, according to scripture: Matthew 26:29 NKJV 29 But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.” ...
Jason_'s user avatar
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Is the Greek word for "put to death" in Colossians 3:5 nekrosate or nekroō?

In Colossians 3:5 it says "therefore put to death your members which are on the earth..." (NKJV). Various articles online point out that the original Greek for "put to death" is ...
Luke's user avatar
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John 20:4: προέδραμεν has a singular subject. What does that mean?

John 20:4 reads: ἔτρεχον δὲ οἱ δύο ὁμοῦ· καὶ ὁ ἄλλος μαθητὴς προέδραμεν τάχιον τοῦ Πέτρου... The subject is singular, John himself. He runs faster than Peter. Why does John use a plural ...
drrossum's user avatar
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John 1:4-5. If life is the light of men, what is the darkness?

John 1:4-5 NKJV 4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5 And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it. What is the darkness?
Jason_'s user avatar
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3 votes
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2 Thessalonians 2:8-9 - After/According to OR Against the Working of Satan?

The Scripture in Question 2 Thessalonians 2:8-9 And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: [...
Katie Rose Müller's user avatar
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5 answers
1k views

What is the correct interpretation of Revelation 2:4?

There seem to be several interpretations of the admonition of Jesus to the church at Ephesus. Jesus first compliments the church at Ephesus for their labor, their endurance, their not tolerating evil, ...
Dieter's user avatar
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What is the justification for translating James 2:14b as "Can such faith save them?"?

The NSRV translates this verse correctly as … if you say you have faith but do not have works? Can faith save you? James 2:14 A variety of Christian translations render the verse a different way and ...
Avi Avraham's user avatar
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Why do translators translate Luke 2:25 and 11:13 as "the Holy Spirit" instead of "a holy spirit"?

The Greek text here unambiguously says “a holy spirit” (pneuma [ēn] hagion) in both of these passages. However it appears that most Christian translations choose a different wording: He was waiting ...
Avi Avraham's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
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Is ὅλος not more apt than πάντα

The word πάντα gives a sense of eternity i.e. time quantity as opposed to ὅλος. Would Matthew 28:19 not have been more aptly written as ὅλος έθνη instead of πάντα τὰ έθνη as ὅλος is used in the ...
Waslap's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
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The meaning of "akoe" in Matthew 24:6

Matthew 24:6 says: You will hear of wars and rumors of wars, but see to it that you are not alarmed. Such things must happen, but the end is still to come. (NIV) The word "akoe" is ...
Kidburla's user avatar
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13 votes
6 answers
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Why do some translations have a completely opposite interpretation of John 18:37?

In John 18:37, Pilate asks Jesus whether he is a king, and Jesus confirms the fact: YLT: Pilate, therefore, said to him, 'Art thou then a king?' Jesus answered, 'Thou dost say it; because a king I am,...
Ray Butterworth's user avatar
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1 answer
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Did Judas realize his sin at the moment of the kiss?

In my studies of the Gospel of Mark, I’ve stumbled upon an interesting differentiation in the words used for “kiss” as found in Mark 14:44-45. The sign that Judas was to use to allow the captors to ...
Jay Zorn's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
51 views

What is the difference between archas, exousias, kosmokratoras? (Ephesians 6:12)

I notice that there are overlapping usages in the different words used here: Ephesians 6:12 NKJV 12 For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against ...
Jason_'s user avatar
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5 votes
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Whats the reasoning behind the "understands" vs "hears" in Acts 22:9 and Acts 9:7?

In Acts 22:9 (NASB): "And those who were with me saw the light, but did not understand the voice of the One who was speaking to me." And Acts 9:7 (NASB): "The men who traveled with him ...
User2280's user avatar
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When discussing age in Greek, is use of the aorist tense more indicative of when one turned a certain age rather than them just simply being that age?

The Greek text for Luke 2:42 reads: Καὶ ὅτε ἐγένετο ἐτῶν δώδεκα, ἀναβαινόντων αὐτῶν κατὰ τὸ ἔθος τῆς ἑορτῆς The English translation (KJV) of Luke 2:42 reads: And when he was twelve years old, they ...
warriorfortruth's user avatar
11 votes
4 answers
3k views

Should we ONLY say the Lord's Prayer?

In In Matthew 6:9, the Greek it literally says: "Thus therefore pray you" or "Οὕτως οὖν προσεύχεσθε ὑμεῖς". Is Jesus saying that we should pray like that and only like that? ...
User2280's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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What is the best translation of Matthew 7:14?

NKJV: Because narrow is the gate and difficult is the way which leads to life, and there are few who find it. NIV: But small is the gate and narrow the road that leads to life, and only a few find it. ...
Jason_'s user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
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Is "because" the best way to describe the meaning of ὅτι in the Prologue?

The Prologue in John's Gospel uses the conjunction ὅτι with three successive statements. John 1:15-17 (ESV) (John bore witness about him, and cried out, “This was he of whom I said, ‘He who comes ...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
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4 answers
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How should Romans 5:18-19 best be translated?

This is the verse in question and how David Bentley Hart translates it... Romans 5:18-19 Greek Ἄρα οὖν ὡς δι᾽ἑνὸς παραπτώματος εἰς πάντας ἀνθρώπους εἰς κατάκριμα, οὕτως καὶ δι᾽ ἑνὸς δικαιώματος εἰς ...
Jason_'s user avatar
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-1 votes
3 answers
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Which are the Biblical references summarising early Christian Community life? [closed]

Text of a Sunday School lesson speaks of four Greek terms that summarize early Christian community life. The words are: Koinonia meaning Fellowship; Diaconia meaning Service; Kerygma meaning ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
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του πνεύμα εκ του πνεύματος The spirit of the Spirit? Gal 6:8

The context from Galatians 6:7-8 is: you reap what you sow, the flesh vs. the Spirit. All good, clear enough. Looking this up in the Apostolic Bible Polyglot Interlinear translation, things seem a bit ...
Rachel's user avatar
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-1 votes
2 answers
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In John 5:18 should ἴσον be translated as "equal with" or "like"?

John 5:18 according to the ESV: This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself ...
Joshua B's user avatar
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What Greek mss (SBLGNT, MGNT and TR) or textual criticism philosophy most influenced main English Bible translations?

Some of the main Greek sources we may use include: SBLGNT MGNT TR (Textus Receptus) Septuagint Others? The _GNT are collections that basically include compilations of most of the same known Greek ...
Jesse's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
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Is there a "most accurate" translation of Ephesians 4:8 (αἰχμαλωτεύω - αἰχμαλωσία, ας, ἡ)?

I've been looking at this verse in different versions. NKJV says: He led captivity captive. On the other hand ESV says: he led a host of captives. I'm wondering which is right: Ephesians 4:8 — The New ...
Jason_'s user avatar
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1 vote
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How is heart to be understood in Rom. 10:10

The Old Testament makes a distinction at times, it seems between heart as center of thoughts (modern mind) and kidneys as center of emotions(also Revelation 2:23 makes the distinction). However, I’m ...
Dan's user avatar
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7 answers
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What is the better rendering of colossians 2:14?

What is the better rendering of Colossians 2:14 ? KJV " blotting out the handwriting of ordinances which was against us " ESV " by canceling the record of debt that stood against us ...
user63409's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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χάριτος (charitos)

What is the literal definition of χάριτος (charitos)? I have read some claim that this means "to give grace" while others claim it means "charming" "Loving" or "...
Patrick Shurina's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
60 views

Etymological History of Satana in Koine Greek

Can someone point me to an academic book on the etymological root of “satanas” (G4567)? Did it originate in the LXX when translating Job? Was satanas used extensively in Greco-Roman literature in ...
Jake Shanley's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
54 views

What does Luke mean in Acts 1:1 when he says "all things"?

In Acts 1:1 Luke says he wrote "concerning all things" that Jesus did and taught. Acts 1:1 (ESV): In the first book, O Theophilus, I have dealt with all that Jesus began to do and teach We ...
User2280's user avatar
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5 votes
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What’s the correct translation for Roman’s 4:3?

I’ve heard some say that "Logizomai" actually means to reason, not to credit. Also, the word "to" in the phrase, "to him as righteousness" is not in the Greek! It would ...
Thejesusdude's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
60 views

Are "Almighty God" and its variations a poor translation? [duplicate]

I do not speak any ancient languages. I have no relevant scholarly credentials. I do know how to read and use a dictionary. I have read the whole Bible. When God is referred to as "God Almighty&...
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