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Questions tagged [greek]

Koiné (from κοινή, "common") Greek was the form of post-classical Greek spoken and written in Hellenistic and Roman antiquity. It is the language of the Septuagint (LXX), Christian New Testament, and most early Christian theological writings.

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In John 11:16 did Thomas think Jesus was going to Lazarus by going to Jerusalem to die?

In John 11:16 did Thomas think Jesus was going to Lazarus by going to Jerusalem to die? Then Jesus told them plainly, “Lazarus has died, and for your sake I am glad that I was not there, so that ...
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Anyone know why Σιλωάμ in John 9:7 has the μ at the end

Anyone know why Σιλωάμ in John 9:7 has the μ at the end. The Hebrew New Testament (Bible Society of Israel) has הַשִּׁלּוֹחַ (apparently qal passive participle) with no ending m sound from the Hebrew ...
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In 2 Samuel 12:25, what is Solomon's alternate name in the Septuagint and what does it mean?

The KJV (mainly Hebrew?) reads, "And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he called his name Jedidiah, because of the LORD." The Septuagint (e-Sword) reads, "και απεστειλεν εν χειρι ναθαν ...
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What is the significance of the change in tense from “rise” to “measure” in Revelation 11:1?

Then I was given a measuring rod like a staff, and I was told, “Rise and measure the temple of God and the altar and those who worship there, (Revelation 11:1 ESV) καὶ ἐδόθη μοι κάλαμος ὅμοιος ...
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Does the phrase “i am ascending” in John 20:17 meant it an act in progress?

Does the phrase "i am ascending" in John 20:17 meant it an act in progress which could be completed before Jesus appears to those Jewish disciples who were hiding behind locked doors later that night ...
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discussion φαιλόνην

discussion φαιλόνην It has been suggested that the greek word φαιλόνην,as St Paul uses it in 2 Timothy 4:13 has a link to the shroud of Turin, as a early relic of Christianity; with links to the ...
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Looks or keeps looking at a woman: Matthew 5:28

ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΤΘΑΙΟΝ 5:27-28 1881 (WHNU) 28 εγω δε λεγω υμιν οτι πας ο βλεπων γυναικα προς το επιθυμησαι [αυτην] ηδη εμοιχευσεν αυτην εν τη καρδια αυτου English translations usually render the verse ...
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What is the logic used in Romans 7:1-2 to help us know our relationship with the Law?

Romans 7:1-2 Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth? 2 For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the ...
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Who are the dogs in Philippians 3:2 and Revelation 22:15?

Deuteronomy 23:18 says Thou shalt not bring the hire of a whore, or the price of a dog, into the house of the LORD thy God for any vow: for even both these are abomination unto the LORD thy God. (...
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Jude vs 24: who has the joy?

Jude 24 in KJV says: Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy Various English translations render this ...
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Romans 8:23 - 'within' or 'among'? ἡμεῖς καὶ αὐτοὶ ἐν ἑαυτοῖς στενάζομεν

The ἐν ἑαυτοῖς of Rom 8:23 is typically rendered in English as 'within ourselves' or 'inwardly'. ἡμεῖς καὶ αὐτοὶ ἐν ἑαυτοῖς στενάζομεν Could it not also be rendered 'among ourselves'? Is there ...
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What does “no one” and “God” refer to in John 1:18?

What does "no one" and "God" refer to in John 1:18 No one has ever seen God; the only God, who is at the Father’s side, he has made him known. ( ESV ) ? The interlinear bible says No one means ...
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What does “by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they” mean in Hebrews 1:4?

What does "by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they" mean in Hebrews 1:4 being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than ...
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Is there a linguistic basses for how to translate John 8:43, or are translations basing their translation on context alone?

Is there a linguistic basis for how to translate John 8:43, or are translations basing their translation on context alone? The following is not meant to be exhaustive, but a sample of the variation ...
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What is the meaning of “lampstand” in Revelation 2:5?

What is the meaning of "lampstand" in Revelation 2:5 ? Remember therefore from where you have fallen; repent, and do the works you did at first. If not, I will come to you and remove your ...
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A question about the double article in I Timothy 3:16

μεγα εστιν το της ευσεβειας μυστηριον [TR] ... great is the mystery of godliness [KJV] ... great is the of piety mystery [EGNT] ... great is the secret of piety [YLT] Since the first ...
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Is unclean ακαθαρτος / ακαθαρτον in the NT the same as in the OT LXX of the Law (Pentateuch)?

In reading the New Testament Epistles the words rooted in ακαθαρτ translated 'unclean' in the KJV are listed among sinful actions: Ephesians 5:5  For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean ...
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What παρακαλεῖτε precisely means ? Heb 3:13

What that greek word (strong: 3870) means precisely ? to encourage or to teach or to counsel or to look after someone or to say thanks or others things ? I absolutely need it to do Heb 3:13.
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What is the difference between “logos ( λόγος )” in 1 Corinthians 12:8 and “rhema ( ῥήματος)” in Matthew 26:75?

What is the difference between "logos ( λόγος )" in 1 Corinthians 12:8 and "rhema ( ῥήματος)" in Matthew 26:75? There is a background to this question. This article "Rhema and Logos: There Is No ...
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Does θεός in John 1:1, John 1:18, John 10:33 and John 20:28 have the same meaning?

The following passages from John's gospel had identified Jesus as θεός and I had observed that various theological deductions favored either a High Christology or Low Christology in interpreting them....
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Do Matthew 24:27 and Luke 17:24 refer to the sunrise instead of lightning?

Matthew 24:27 YLT ... for as the lightning doth come forth from the east, and doth appear unto the west, so shall be also the presence of the Son of Man; ... Two things to note: The ...
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In Matthew 16:19 what are the “keys of the kingdom”?

Matthew 16:19 (ESV) I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” ΚΑΤΑ ...
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Did Jesus make alcoholic wine or grape juice?

I heard someone giving a talk on alcohol and Christianity. One thing that stood out was when they said that the word used for 'wine' at the wedding in Cana (John chapter 2) meant grape juice. When ...
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In Revelation 13:11 why do English translations always render θηρίον as “beast”?

[Rev 13:11 ESV] (11) Then I saw another beast rising out of the earth. It had two horns like a lamb and it spoke like a dragon. [Rev 13:11 MGNT] (11) καὶ εἶδον ἄλλο θηρίον ἀναβαῖνον ἐκ τῆς ...
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What does it mean in John 20:23 when Jesus gives his disciples authority to 'retain' sins?

What does it mean in John 20:23 when Jesus gives his disciples authority to 'retain' sins? What does 'retain' mean here? Does it mean 'not forgive' or something else entirely?
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Can 1Cor 10:25 (eating meat from the market) be translated differently?

YLT 1Cor 10:25 Whatever in the meat-market is sold eat ye, not inquiring, because of the conscience, By moving a comma or two, it reads: Whatever in the meat-market is sold eat ye not, ...
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Does the Tyndale’s version use “if” I’m John 12:32?

The pastor mentioned that the Tyndale’s version KJV 11 uses “if” instead of “when” in John 12:32. The only reference on the internet I found is: And I yf I were lifte vp from the erthe will drawe ...
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Why does Matthew 28:19 say “in the name” and then proceed to give three names?

If written out in full would this verse read "in the name of the Father, and in the name of the Son, and in the name of the Holy Spirit"? Or is there some other reason apart from trimming obviously ...
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In 1 Timothy 6:16 in what way does Jesus “have immortality” (if indeed he is the referent)?

[1Ti 6:11-16 ESV] (11) But as for you, O man of God, flee these things. Pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, steadfastness, gentleness. (12) Fight the good fight of the faith. Take hold of ...
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What does “bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus” mean in 2 Corinthians 4:10?

What does "bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus" mean in 2 Corinthians 4:10 always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus might be ...
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Why is the indefinite aorist tense used in Luke 22:15 'With desire I have desired / 'Ἐπιθυμίᾳ ἐπεθύμησα?

Why is the indefinite aorist tense used in Luke 22:15 And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer... I am most interested in the hebraism used here ...
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Does Ephesians 5:3 mean that if a person fall into sins “sexual” or “covetous” he/she should not confess it to anyone in the Church?

Does Ephesians 5:3 But sexual immorality and all impurity or covetousness must not even be named among you, as is proper among saints. mean that if a person fall into sins that are "sexual" or ...
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In 2 Peter 1:16 what does Peter mean by “eyewitnesses of his majesty”?

[2Pe 1:16-18 ESV] (16) For we did not follow cleverly devised myths when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty. (17) For when he ...
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Does the expression “Commandments of God” in Revelation 14:12 refer to the ten commandments on stone tablets given to Moses?

Does the expression Commandments of God in Revelation 14:12 Here is a call for the endurance of the saints, those who keep the commandments of God and their faith in Jesus.( ESV ) refer to the ...
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What is the meaning of the Greek words translated as “blackest darkness” in Jude verse 13

Jude verse 13 speaks of those who are... "wandering stars for whom blackest darkness has been reserved" (NIV) or "wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever" (KJV). My ...
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In Hebrews 1:4 what does it mean that Jesus “inherits” a more excellent name?

[Heb 1:4 DBY] (4) taking a place by so much better than the angels, as he inherits a name more excellent than they. 1:4 τοσούτῳ κρείττων γενόμενος τῶν ἀγγέλων ὅσῳ διαφορώτερον παρ᾽ αὐτοὺς ...
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1 Cor. 7:5 “προς καιρόν” = “perhaps”?

Why do some translations have a "perhaps" in 1 Cor. 7:5: Defraud not one another, except, perhaps, by consent, for a time, that you may give yourselves to prayer; and return together again, lest ...
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How should we interpret “not because you saw signs” (οὐχ ὅτι εἴδετε σημεῖα) in John 6:26?

How should we interpret “not because you saw signs” (οὐχ ὅτι εἴδετε σημεῖα) in John 6:26? Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, you are seeking me, not because you saw signs, but ...
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Was the official (βασιλικὸς) in John 4:46 Roman or Jewish?

Was the official (βασιλικὸς) in John 4:46 Roman or Jewish? So he came again to Cana in Galilee, where he had made the water wine. And at Capernaum there was an official whose son was ill. (Jn 4:46,...
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What is the “water” in John 3:5? [duplicate]

What is the water in John 3:5 5 Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. ?
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What does “justified in the Spirit” refer to in 1 Timothy 3:16?

What does justified in the Spirit refer to in 1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, ...
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Is there any significance to the use and placement of the definite article in the phrase “last days”?

The New Testament has the phrase "last days" 5 times. Sometimes it is written with a definite article and sometimes without. Once the article is placed before "last days" and twice between "last days."...
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What does “even as” mean in Ephesians 1:4?

Ephesians 1:3-4 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, 4 even as he chose us in him before the ...
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MT “will strike” & LXX “will watch carefully” (Gen 3:15)?

I haven't seen this question asked at all in the threads I've searched, so this shouldn't be a duplicate. I've been looking for answers about God's curse over the serpent in Gen 3:15. The question I ...
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When does this fire actually do the testing? 1 Corinthians 3:13

This passage describes the testing of works with fire. The question regarding the fire is what day does it take place on? At the point of trials here on earth in the fleshly body or on a specific ...
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How should πῶς οὗτος γράμματα οἶδεν μὴ μεμαθηκώς; (NA27) be translated in John 7:15?

How should πῶς οὗτος γράμματα οἶδεν μὴ μεμαθηκώς; (NA27) be translated in John 7:15? While a similar question was asked at Does John 7:15 mean Jesus was untaught?, the answers to that question did ...
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What does “bewitch” mean in Galatians 3:1?

What does bewitch mean in Galatians 3:1? Galatians 3:1 O foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you? It was before your eyes that Jesus Christ was publicly portrayed as crucified. From the ...
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In Romans 11:22 what does Paul mean by “continue in his goodness”?

[Rom 11:22 KJV] (22) Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.
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What did John mean by “second sign” (δεύτερον σημεῖον) in John 4:54?

What did John mean by “second sign” (δεύτερον σημεῖον) in John 4:54? This was now the second sign that Jesus did when he had come from Judea to Galilee. (John 4:54, ESV) Τοῦτο [δὲ] πάλιν ...
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What is the difference between “putting on Christ” in Galatians 3:27 and “becoming God's righteousness” in 2 Corinthians 5:21?

What is the difference between putting on Christ in Galatians 3:27 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ and becoming God's righteousness in 2 Corinthians 5:21 ...