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Questions tagged [greek]

Koiné (from κοινή, "common") Greek was the form of post-classical Greek spoken and written in Hellenistic and Roman antiquity. It is the language of the Septuagint (LXX), Christian New Testament, and most early Christian theological writings.

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How many is “a multitude” of heavenly hosts in Luke 2:13

I’ve heard someone teach that it si translated as “murias” which means tens of thousands. The number in the Strong’s is 3461. The Greek word I come up with is “plethos” #4128 which is defined as 1) a ...
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What is the “sin” referred to in Hebrews 11:25?

Hebrews 11:25 choosing rather to be mistreated with the people of God than to enjoy the fleeting pleasures of sin. What is the sin referred to here?
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What does “such things” refer to in Hebrews 11:14

For they that say such things declare plainly that they seek a country. Hebrews 11:14 What does such things refer to? How and where did they say such things?
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Grammar help please: συνεσταυρωμαι in Gal 2:20

I was looking at Galatians 2:20 - I have been crucified with Christ. (ESV version) And I wondered if there was anything in the Greek grammar that showed if "have been" indicated an action of a ...
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Does a backslider still have hope?

I read an article,which talks about the present tense of Greek. The article points out that this aspect means the action is continuing and unending. Further, I found the word "believe", in the present ...
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“Limanuel”? Help me out this is here any word in Greek for “God with us”?

Emmanuel "God with us" (Isaiah 7:14) What is the Greek word for "God with us"? I believe it is Emmanuel. However, somebody strongly argued that it is Limanuel which I didn't fine in the Bible nor in ...
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Why do trinitarians say the holy spirit is a person? [on hold]

What is the Biblical basis for saying the holy spirit is a person? From my observation of the text, I see no basis for this belief. The holy spirit is continuously presented in the Bible as God's ...
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What did Jesus teach about water baptism and discipleship in Matthew 28:19,20?

[Mat 28:19-20 KJV] 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have ...
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Is sin coming “through” Adam like a train passing “through” a tunnel? [on hold]

Romans 5v12 We see a train come out of a tunnel and we think it is passing through that tunnel. We do not assume the tunnel made the train. We read that "through one man sin entered the world" but we ...
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What is Paul forbidding in 1 Timothy 2:12?

What is the right understanding of 1 Timothy 2:12 based only on grammar. Should it be understood as "I don't let any woman teach other man (adult male gender) or to have power over man(adult male ...
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What does “fear of the Lord” in 2 Chronicles 14:13-15 mean?

2 Chronicles 14:13-15 13 Asa and the people who were with him pursued them as far as Gerar, and the Ethiopians fell until none remained alive, for they were broken before the Lord and his army. ...
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Which version of the New Testament should one buy to study Biblical Greek? [closed]

I'm currently planning to buy material for the study of Biblical Greek, but I'm not aware of the form in which the current Greek New Testament are available. So as for a proper study of Biblical Greek,...
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In what sense is the word ἀνακρίνει used in 1 Corinthians 2:15?

NA 28 1 Corinthians 2:15 15ὁ δὲ πνευματικὸς ἀνακρίνει [τὰ] πάντα, αὐτὸς δὲ ὑπ’ οὐδενὸς ἀνακρίνεται. 1 Corinthians 2:15 KJV 15 But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is ...
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Luke 8:14 - to what does 'of life' refer?

το δε εις τας ακανθας πεσον ουτοι εισιν οι ακουσαντες και υπο μεριμνων και πλουτου και ηδονων του βιου πορευομενοι συμπνιγονται και ου τελεσφορουσιν Luke 8:14 TR-Stephens 1550, Beza 1598, Elzevir ...
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In Matthew 7:23 does Jesus say he will “profess” or “confess” to the goats or that he “agrees with” them?

[Matthew 7:22-23 KJV] 22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? 23 And then ...
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In 1 Thessalonians 4:17 does “ἅμα σὺν αὐτοῖς” indicate that the “dead” and Paul ascend simultaneously?

In the interlinear of the verse there are few words that I am hoping will indicate whether or not Paul's rapture is simultaneous with the rising of the dead (so that as the others ascend he is swept ...
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What is meant by “before the Son of Man comes” in Matthew 10:23? [duplicate]

"23 When they persecute you in one town, flee to the next. Truly I tell you, you will not reach all the towns of Israel before the Son of Man comes." Matthew 10:23 BSB While I feel that this ...
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In Acts 11:26 what were the disciples called in Antioch?

Acts 11:26 - It was in Antioch that the disciples were first given the name of “Christians”. Disciples and Christians are both accusative masculine plural. If the disciples are the subject of the ...
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What is the most exact translation of the Greek word δωρεάν?

I came across this word most notably when reading the book of John where it says But this is to fulfill what is written in their Law: ‘They hated Me without reason.’ John 15:25 BSB The word δωρεάν ...
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In 1 Timothy 2:4 does “all” refer to all men or to all “sorts” of men?

In Interlinear Greek-English New Testament, Baker books, in the literal translation section of 1 Timothy 2:4 is "who all [sorts] of men desires to be saved". I think that pantas here is being seen as ...
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How can we understand Romans 4:19 in the light of different translations?

NA 28 Romans 4:19 19καὶ μὴ ἀσθενήσας τῇ πίστει κατενόησεν τὸ ἑαυτοῦ σῶμα [ἤδη] νενεκρωμένον, ἑκατονταετής που ὑπάρχων, καὶ τὴν νέκρωσιν τῆς μήτρας Σάρρας· American Standard Version Romans 4:19 (...
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What is to be understood by the 'equivalence' in Hebrews 12:29?

και γαρ ο θεος ημων πυρ καταναλισκον Hebrews 12:29 TR - Stephens, Beza, Elzevir and Scrivener all identical. ... for also our God (is) consuming fire. [Young's Literal and EGNT] Here, ...
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What does 'translated' mean in Hebrews 11:5 and Colossians 1:13?

The words μετατιθημι and μεταθεσις are used in Hebrews 11:5 and are rendered as follows in the KJV : By faith Enoch was translated (μετατιθημι) that he should not see death; and was not found, ...
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What does it mean that “the Lord stood near Paul” in Acts 23:11?

Acts 23:11 (NIV) says the following: The following night the Lord stood near Paul and said, “Take courage! As you have testified about me in Jerusalem, so you must also testify in Rome.” What does ...
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What is the meaning of the Greek word “ἐχθροὺς” in Matthew 5:44?

NIV Matt. 5:44 “But I tell you, love your enemies (Gk. “ἐχθροὺς”) and pray for those who persecute you, …” What is the usage of the Greek word “ἐχθροὺς” in Matt 5:44?
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The Greek word “Stauros” does it mean Cross or Stake?

Which is right; Cross or Satke; according to the Greek word and not Church traditions? Example of the use of "Stake." NWT Matthew 16:24 "Then Jesus said to his disciples: “If anyone wants to come ...
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Can εις αυτον mean 'to itself' in Colossians 1:20?

οτι εν αυτω ευδοκησεν παν το πληρωμα κατοικησαικαι δι αυτου αποκαταλλαξαι τα παντα εις αυτον (Colossians 1:19 and 20a - TR - Stephens, Beza, Elzevir and Scrivener all identical.) The literal ...
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Luke 21:7 what is the significance between “will…be” vs “to take place”

Luke 21:7 ESV: And they asked him, “Teacher, when will these things be, and what will be the sign when these things are about to take place?” Luke 21,7 Ἐπηρώτησαν δὲ αὐτὸν λέγοντες· διδάσκαλε, πότε ...
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What does “in one body ” mean in Colossians 3:15?

Colossians 3:15 (KJV) And let the peace of God rule in your hearts, to the which also ye are called in one body; and be ye thankful. Now, according to Meyer's NT Commentary, "in one body" means: ...
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Why so many differing Greek words rendered “one”?

Ephesians 4:4-6 (MLVBL) There is one ἓν body and one ἓν Spirit, just-as you were also called in one μιᾷ hope of your calling; one εἷς Lord, one μία faith, one ἓν immersion, one εἷς God and Father of ...
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What did Jesus mean when he said “my Father is greater than I” at John 14:28?

What did Jesus mean when he said “my Father is greater than I” at John 14:28? KJV John 14:28 “Ye have heard how I said unto you, I go away, and come [again] unto you. If ye loved me, ye would ...
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How did they cook fish and bread over a charcoal fire in the first century (John 21:9)?

How did they cook fish and bread over a charcoal fire in the first century (John 21:9)? When they got out on land, they saw a charcoal fire in place, with fish laid out on it, and bread. (John 21:...
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What does Paul mean when he said, “she … is dead even while she is still alive” in 1 Timothy 5:6?

1 Timothy 5:6 But she who lives for pleasure is dead even while she is still alive.
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Why are quotation marks used in translations of 1 Corinthians 10:23?

In 1 Corinthians 10:23, most English translations use quotation marks to suggest that Paul is quoting someone else. For instance, the RSV says... “All things are lawful,” but not all things are ...
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What is the “due penalty” mentioned in Romans 1:27?

As I went through my study of Romans, I was caught off guard by this verse - because there didn't seem to be any readily apparent answer given the context as far as I could discern it. 26 For this ...
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In 1 Corinthians 1:1, is Paul a “called-apostle” or “called to be an apostle”?

(1 Corinthians 1:1) Παῦλος κλητὸς ἀπόστολος Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ διὰ θελήματος θεοῦ καὶ Σωσθένης ὁ ἀδελφὸς (KJV) Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our ...
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Why does Paul use different prepositions regarding the origin of the first and second humanity? (I Corinthians 15:47)

Paul states in I Corinthians 15:47 : ο πρωτος ανθρωπος εκ γης χοικος ο δευτερος ανθρωπος ο κυριος εξ ουρανου [TR - Beza, Stephens, Elzevir and Scrivener are all identical] The first man ...
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What is the meaning of τὰ πρῶτα ἔργα ποίησον in Revelation 2:5?

In Revelation 2:5, what is the meaning of τὰ πρῶτα ἔργα ποίησον (ta prōta erga poiēson; the first works you-do)? I am suspicious of the phrase "τὰ πρῶτα ἔργα" because I don't see an explanation of ...
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What exactly is meant by “works” in John 14:12?

John is, in my honest opinion, one of the most fascinating books of the Bible. This fascinating aspect of John often comes attached with a difficulty of interpretation as well. My concern starts with ...
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Why is ἀγαπάω (I have loved) aorist in John 15:12?

Why is ἀγαπάω (I have loved) aorist in John 15:12? Αὕτη ἐστὶν ἡ ἐντολὴ ἡ ἐμή, ἵνα ἀγαπᾶτε ἀλλήλους καθὼς ἠγάπησα ὑμᾶς. (John 15:12, NA27) “This is my commandment, that you love one another ...
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In 2 John 1:9-10 is it “the teaching about Jesus” or “the teaching by Jesus”?

CSB 2 John 1: 9 Anyone who does not remain in Christ’s teaching but goes beyond it does not have God. The one who remains in that teaching, this one has both the Father and the Son. 10 ...
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What is the relationship between faith and righteousness in Romans 10:10?

Edit Note : I am not attempting to discover the grammatical subject of the text. I do not believe there is one. The passive indicative has no subject. The predicate of the verse is clearly a concept ...
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What is the correct translation of the Greek word “parousia,” is it “presence” or “coming”?

“Presence” is over a period of time and “coming” is an instant in time? The Greek word rendered “coming” in Mat 24:30 differs from the Greek word in Mat 24:3 rendered “presence/coming.” Presence:- ...
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In 3 John 1:14 who are “the friends”?

CSB 3 John 1:14: Peace to you. The friends send you greetings. Greet the friends by name. mGNT 3 John 1:14: εἰρήνη σοι ἀσπάζονταί σε οἱ φίλοι ἀσπάζου τοὺς φίλους κατ’ ὄνομα What does he mean by "...
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In 3 John 1:14 what does he mean by “greet the friends by name”?

CSB 3 John 1:14: Peace to you. The friends send you greetings. Greet the friends by name. mGNT 3 John 1:14: εἰρήνη σοι ἀσπάζονταί σε οἱ φίλοι ἀσπάζου τοὺς φίλους κατ’ ὄνομα What does he mean by "...
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Does 'Υιοτηεσια (huiothesia) really mean 'adoption' in Galatians 4:5?

In Galatians 4:5 and 6, we read : To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your ...
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Is 1Thess 1:10 a piece of early christian poetry?

I was reading a peroratio of 1Thess (5:16-22) recently and I had some feeling of rhytmicity there. After closer look the issue seems to be not so simple so I gave up with it for a moment. However in ...
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How can we accurately translate the Greek phrase ἐν ἁγιασμῷ πνεύματος into English?

The following English Bible translations varied in how they render the phrase ἐν ἁγιασμῷ πνεύματος. ''in the sanctification of the Spirit'' (ESV) ''by the sanctifying work of the Spirit'' (...
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Charles Ellicott on 1 Timothy 6:10

In his commentary on 1 Timothy 6:10, Charles Ellicott wrote, For the love of money is the root of all evil.—Some would water down this strong expression by translating the Greek words by “a root of ...
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Why the definite article in 'Abba, Father'?

In both Jesus' prayer : Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee. Mark 14:36. [KJV.] and in Paul's epistles : For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have ...