Questions tagged [greek]

Koiné (from κοινή, "common") Greek was the form of post-classical Greek spoken and written in Hellenistic and Roman antiquity. It is the language of the Septuagint (LXX), Christian New Testament, and most early Christian theological writings.

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What was the Apostle Paul saying in Romans 1:7-12 [closed]

Can someone explain Romans 1:7-12 what was apostle Paul trying to say? 7 To all in Rome who are loved by God and called to be his holy people: Grace and peace to you from God our Father and from the ...
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Do James 5:8 and 1 Peter 4:7 teach that the Second Coming was chronologically imminent?

Here are the passages in question (NKJV): You also be patient. Establish your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is at hand (James 5:8). But the end of all things is at hand; therefore be serious and ...
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What are the good alternative commentaries to Henry Alford’s for use with the UBS5 to study Mark? [closed]

I am reading Mark’s gospel using UBS5, with BDAG and Henry Alford’s commentary to better understand the text. Henry Alford’s commentary was recommended by a number of people including John Piper. ...
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In 1 Corinthians 15:26, what is the significance of καταργεῖται (“abolish”) being a present indicative instead of a future?

[1Co 15:26 NASB] (26) The last enemy that will be abolished is death. [1Co 15:26 MGNT] (26) ἔσχατος ἐχθρὸς καταργεῖται ὁ θάνατος The context of 1 Corinthians 15 is a little difficult to sort out, ...
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Isaac and Jesus described with monogenēs

In Hebrews 11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son, The "his only begotten son" reminds me of ...
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In Ephesians 5:3, how should πορνεία be understood and translated?

[Eph 5:3 NKJV] (3) But fornication (πορνεία) and all uncleanness or covetousness, let it not even be named among you, as is fitting for saints; "Fornication" is an archaic term, more or ...
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When Jesus states, πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί (John 8:58), is he speaking of the period when Abraham was called Abram?

After Jesus took action which resulted in a man blind from birth seeing, a controversy over the man's identity ensues. Near the end of the dispute the man responds to those who are interrogating him ...
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In Acts 24:15, how should μέλλειν ἔσεσθαι be rendered?

It is generally translated as "going to be", with Young's Literal Translation being the Minority Report: https://biblehub.com/acts/24-15.htm https://www.jw.org/en/library/bible/nwt/books/...
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What is the correct translation of Matthew 5:13 “How shall it be salted?”

The ESV translation of Matthew 5:13 says “You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt should lose its taste, how can it be made salty?[a] It’s no longer good for anything but to be thrown out and ...
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What is the reason for the use of different voices for the perfect in Mark 1:15?

Hi in the following verse: Mark 1:15 (UBS5): Πεπλήρωται ὁ καιρὸς καὶ ἤγγικεν ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ θεοῦ· μετανοεῖτε καὶ πιστεύετε ἐν τῷ εὐαγγελίῳ. ... has been fulfilled the time and has drawn near the ...
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1 Samuel 16:1-13 was David anointed in the horn because of his purpose?

1 Sam 16:13 So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the presence of his brothers, and from that day on the Spirit of the LORD came upon David in power. Samuel then went to Ramah. Was ...
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Which of these four versions most accurately translates (μενοῦν/μενοῦνγε) in Luke 11:28?

NIV Luke 11:27 As Jesus was saying these things, a woman in the crowd called out, “Blessed is the mother who gave you birth and nursed you.” 28He replied, “Blessed rather (μενοῦν/μενοῦνγε) are those ...
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In Matthew 10:25, who is Beelzebub/Beelzeboul?

[Mat 10:25 NASB] (25) "It is enough for the disciple that he become like his teacher, and the slave like his master. If they have called the head of the house Beelzebul, how much more [will they ...
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In Matthew 16:18, how should “ekklesia” be translated and understood?

Matt. 16:18 says, "κἀγὼ δέ σοι λέγω ὅτι σὺ εἶ Πέτρος καὶ ἐπὶ ταύτῃ τῇ πέτρᾳ οἰκοδομήσω μου τὴν ἐκκλησίαν καὶ πύλαι ᾅδου οὐ κατισχύσουσιν αὐτῆς"(TR-1550 Stephanus) "And I say also unto ...
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Why in KJV and ESV verses. 1.John 5:7 accept the trinity and erase the trinity? [duplicate]

ESV 7 For there are three that testify: KJV 7 For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.
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What is that which is “within” in Luke 11:41?

Luke 11:41: But give that which is within as charity, and then all things are clean for you. (NASB) What does the word "within" (ἐνόντα) mean in conjunction with "charity" (...
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What is the best translation for the word “Diakrino” in Jude 1:22?

Jude 1:22 AKJV And of some have compassion, making a difference: ASV:And on some have mercy, who are in doubt; BBE And have pity on those who are in doubt; BIB Καὶ (And) οὓς (those who) μὲν (indeed) ...
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Why is the perfect tense used to describe clothing for Jesus and John?

Quick question - I am learning Greek and trying to read the NT in the same. Why is the perfect tense used when describing Jesus’ (Rev 1) and John the Baptist’s clothes (Mark 1)? Specifically I am ...
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How does the indicative mood affect the meaning of 2 Pet. 1:10–11?

Preface I would like to preface this by saying that this can be a sensitive passage, and I do not want anyone to touch on where it be for or against certain theological inclinations (such as eternal/...
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Does the equivalent of bene ha elohim in Gen. 6:2,4; Job 2:1 ever refer to Believers in the NT?

Does the equivalent of bene ha elohim (בְנֵי־הָֽאֱלֹהִים֙) in Gen. 6:2,4; Job 2:1 ever refer to Believers in the NT? When we are born of the Spirit, do we become bene ha elohim, a new creation?
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John 1:1 “In the beginning” or “In a beginning”?

John 1:1a New International Version In the beginning was the Word Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ Λόγοςis Why is there no definite article for ἀρχῇ? This question is related to "In A Beginning" vs. "In ...
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Deuteronomy 12:5 LXX - Verb Form in Greek

I've been exploring this verb in Deuteronomy 12:5 about the location of the place that God chooses for worship and sacrifice. In the MT, this points to the future יבחר (will choose, imperfect tense), ...
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Should τῷ πνεύματι αὐτοῦ in Mark 8:12 be translated as meaning “with his breath?”

Deeply sighing ἀναστενάξας involves one's breath. The word πνεῦμα has the meanings breath and wind, as well as spirit. Translating τῷ πνεύματι αὐτοῦ as "in his spirit" implies that Jesus ...
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In Revelation 5:13, how should πᾶν κτίσμα be understood?

If this is really "every creature", when, in the opening of the first seal, has or will this occur? [Rev 5:13 NLT] (13) And then I heard every creature in heaven and on earth and under the ...
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In Revelation 5:10, how should “βασιλεύουσιν ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς” be translated?

In Revelation 5:10, should βασιλεύουσιν ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς be translated “They will reign on the earth”, or “They will reign over the earth”?
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Is “dead” in 1 Corinthians 15:42 singular or plural?

Here's the verse in question (NKJV): So also [is] the resurrection of the dead. [The body] is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruption. In the original Greek, is "dead" singular or ...
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(Philippians 3:9) GREEK - Repeated Accusative Article

I'm trying to understand the greek of Philippians 3:9 and here Paul uses this lone accusative article over and over. Can you help me understand what this means? καὶ εὑρεθῶ ἐν αὐτῷ μὴ ἔχων ἐμὴν ...
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Is it more accurate to translate Matthew 6:13 as “lead us not into temptation” or “into trial”?

Matthew 6:13 lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. Is it better to translate this as "lead us not into trial"?
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Is there any significance to the two conjugations of heaven/sky in the Lord's Prayer?

In the first occurrence in Matthew 6 Heaven is Our Father in οὐρανοῖς (ouranois) which I think is the plural, heavens/skies but in the second occurrence of heaven it is on earth as in οὐρανῷ (ouranō) ...
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In Romans 1:18, what is the relationship between men's unrighteousness and their suppression of the truth?

How is he saying that men suppress the truth?: by being unrighteousness? motivated by unrighteousness? by wicked means? What is the function of ἐν in the sentence? [Rom 1:18 NLT] (18) But God shows ...
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May “witness” mean a plaintiff defending himself in Greek?

(Revelation of John 11:3) "And I will give power to my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and three score days, clothed in sackcloth." It looks like that here the ...
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Does Matthew 26:64 describe immediate or future events?

"You have said so," Jesus replied. "But I say to all of you: From now on, you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven.&...
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What is the status of the word “heaven” in Matthew 18:19?

ESV Matthew 18:19 "Again I say to you, if two of you may agree on earth about anything they ask, it will be done for them by my Father in heaven". The Greek ouranois is plural. 26 of 29 ...
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Acts 5:31 - Does any reputable manuscript suggest that Jesus is God's Chief Agent

While doing research to answer a question on Christ Jesus being our Saviour, I noticed something strange in the New World Translation while reading Acts 5:31. The King James Version, New International ...
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Confusion with “Eli, Eli…” at the Cross [duplicate]

In Mark 15:34-37, "At the ninth hour, Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” When some of the bystanders ...
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In Matthew 10:10 - What does “τροφῆς” specifically refer to?

We read a variety of translations for "τροφῆς" from the Gospel of Matthew - Chapter 10, verse 10 : [NIV] "no bag for the journey or extra shirt or sandals or a staff, for the worker is ...
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Name: Thomas, does it mean twin? [closed]

I'm looking at the name Thomas in (especially) the Gospel of John where it appears seven times as a major actor in the narrative. In the synoptic gospels and acts, his name only shows up once in a ...
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Can you give the Greek Word ekklēsia a masculine ending? [closed]

I know that the Greek word translated as church (in the Bible) is a feminine noun. But, is it possible to give ecclesia a masculine ending - making it a masculine noun? Thank you.
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Purchased - from whom? (Acts 28:20)

I have an exegetical query regarding Acts 20:28 Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, ...
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Is Matthew 11:12 stating kingdom of heaven is associated with exciting and meaningful eventfulness?

I suppose the perspective that I am about to expound is already buried deep within one of the answers and/or comments of the following 2 stackoverflow Q & A postings, but I wanted to narrow down ...
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What's the etymology for the Greek word ἐκκλησία (church)? [closed]

Acts 5:11 New International Version Great fear seized the whole church and all who heard about these events. church ἐκκλησίαν (ekklēsian) Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular Strong's Greek 1577: ...
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Why does the KJV translate ὀλιγοπιστίαν as “unbelief” in Matthew 17:20?

My question is to the Greek word: ὀλιγοπιστίαν - oligopistian translated "little faith", so why does KJV use "unbelief" which has a totally different meaning? Or does it? What am ...
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What is so special about “ego eimi”?

John 10:9 New International Version I am the gate; whoever enters through me will be saved. They will come in and go out, and find pasture. I ἐγώ (egō) Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Nominative 1st ...
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(John 3:16) Greek: Only Begotten

John 3:16, “For God so loved the world that he gave his only (μονογενῆ) Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not perish but may have eternal life." My question resides in the greek term ...
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Translation of 1 John 5:16

I have a question regarding the translation of 1 John 5:16. In the verses below, I have highlighted the translated (added?) words I’m querying. Why does the NIV use ’you’ where the NKJV uses ’he’? [...
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Help translating one verse of hand-written Koine Greek (I believe)

I've added arrows to specify which is the line I'm interested in, but give you the context in case its necessary. I appreciate this help! Thank you. It comes from Manuscript 472 ("Miniscule 472&...
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What is the difference in the manner of face wrappings?

In the gospel of John, there are two different descriptions of facial coverings on individuals that were buried. Lazarus account "And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with ...
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What is the status of the word “because” in 1 Peter 2:8? ESV

"They stumble because they disobey the word, as they were destined to do". ESV There are other questions on this site which go into this verse without, I think, quite settling this point: ...
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What is the significance that the word Sabbath is often plural?

At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day (σαββασιν - plural) through the corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat. But when the Pharisees saw it, they ...
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Greek: Indwelling versus Emptying

I was reading through John and a term caught my eye. In John 1:14, the Logos is said to have "become flesh" and "dwelt" among us. That term for dwelling is rendered "ἐσκήνωσεν&...

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