Questions tagged [greek]

Koiné (from κοινή, "common") Greek was the form of post-classical Greek spoken and written in Hellenistic and Roman antiquity. It is the language of the Septuagint (LXX), Christian New Testament, and most early Christian theological writings.

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In 1 John 4:8 is "Love" a feeling

I have heard the phrase: Love is not a feeling it an action; not a noun but a verb. In 1 John 4:8 Whoever does not love does not know God, because God is love. (I have bolded the love that I am ...
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What is the etymology of the Greek word episkopos (επισκοπος) and how should it be translated in Titus 1:7

I understand that the word bishop comes from the Greek word ‘episkopos’, which means overseer, superintendent, supervisor, or foreman. Also derived from ‘episkopos’ are the English words episcopacy, ...
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Why is σεμνός (semnos) translated as "honest" or "honorable" in Philippians 4:8?

Why is σεμνός (semnos, Strong's number G4586) translated as "honest" (KJV) or "honorable" (WEB) in Philippians 4:8? In the three other verses where σεμνός is used (1 Timothy 3:8, ...
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Is there significance to the omission of the Greek definite article, twice in Matthew 12:28?

Matthew 3:16 is usually translated as "… he saw the Spirit of God …". The Greek is "εἶδεν τὸ πνεῦμα τοῦ θεοῦ", which is literally "he-saw the spirit the of-god". Matthew ...
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Is the Son sealed, by the Father, 'as God' (John 6:27)?

... τουτον γαρ ο πατηρ εσφραγισεν ο θεος. [John 6:27 TR, undisputed] ... this he for the father did seal the deity. [Literal] ... for him did the father seal even God. [YLT] If one removes the ...
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How to understand Hebrews 13:4?

There are differing translations of Hebrews 13:4. Here are two examples: Let marriage be held in honor among all, and let the marriage bed be undefiled, for God will judge the sexually immoral and ...
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Is the NWT translation of Σαβαὼθ in Romans 9:29 reasonable?

Σαβαὼθ, Sabaoth is the Greek transcription of צְבָאוֹת, plural of צָבָא=army, in a name applied to God κύριος Σ.=יהוָה צְבָאוֹת Yahweh Lord of the Armies, Lord of Hosts.1 Paul uses this word in Romans:...
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What is the most accurate English translation of John 16:25 with respect to “figurative language”?

I understand that the definition of παροιμία (paroimia) in John 16:25 is: “a by-word, proverb, adage, 2 Pet. 2:22; in NT an obscure saying, enigma, Jn. 16:25, 29; a parable, similitude, figurative ...
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Does Ἵνα (hina) clause convey certainty or uncertainty?

I have realized that the hina clause means certainty that a particular thing will happen, I don't know if this is unique to koine greek or appears in other forms of Greek. is it accurate to say that a ...
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How are we to understand the greek verb "poieite" (ποιεῖτε) in Luke 22:19?

Regarding the Lord's Supper, described in Luke 22, verse 19 uses the verb do (ποιεῖτε). However poieo can have a boarder spectrum of meanings, including to "offer" (as in a sacrificial ...
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What is the definition or nature of “trial” in 1 Peter 1:6?

Q: What does Peter mean by “trial”, and what is the nature of it? “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living ...
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1 Timothy 6:5 which translations are more accurate according to textual criticism?

1 Timothy 6:5; DRB; ... Supposing gain to be godliness... 1 Timothy 6:5; KJV; ... Supposing that gain is godliness... 1 Timothy 6:5; 1550 Stephanus New Testament; 5 παραδιατριβαι διεφθαρμενων ...
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One or more songs?

“And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.” ‭‭Matthew‬ ‭26:30‬ ‭ The English and other translations say a, singular, song was sung but doesn’t the Greek υμνησαντες say it’s ...
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Hebrews 7:8; who is meant by the phrase "witnessed that he liveth", Melchizedek or Jesus Christ?

Hebrews 7:8 (ASV): 8 And here men that die receive tithes; but there one, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth. About whom is this phrase "of whom it is witnessed that he liveth" ...
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Does the phrase "οὐδενὶ οὐδὲν εἶπαν" in Mark 16:8 mean that the women could not have told the disciples about what happened, later?

"And they went out and fled from the tomb, for trembling and astonishment had seized them, and they said nothing to anyone, for they were afraid." (Mk. 16:8, ESV) "καὶ ἐξελθοῦσαι ταχὺ ...
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Why in Greek does Matthew 5:8 have "God/ton theon" with but Matthew 5:9 have "God/theou" without the article?

Matthew 5:8 "Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God". ESV "God/ton theon". Matthew 5:9 "Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God&...
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"a temple", "the temple" or "temples" in 1 Corinthians 6:19?

1 Corinthians 6:19 ESV "Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own?" My emphasis. 1 Corinthians 6:19 ...
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What is the significance of Jesus adding "mind" in Mark 12:30 to the greatest commandment?

If the Shema, the Jewish confession of faith to love God in Deut 6:5 was so important that devotees recited it every morning and evening each day, adding "mind" to this Greatest Commandment ...
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Who are the "Nations", Greek ethnos, as found in Revelation 21:24?

Who are the "Nations", Greek ethnos, who walk by the light of "new Jerusalem" referred to in Revelation 21:24?
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Greek question Philippians 3:9 is it "faith in Christ" or "faith of Christ"

I'm looking at Philippians 3:9 and be found in Him, not having my own righteousness, which is from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God by faith; (...
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Jesus asleep on the boat .. Was He really asleep

Matthew 8:24 Suddenly a violent storm came up on the sea, so that the boat was engulfed by the waves; but Jesus was sleeping. (See also parallel passages in Mark 4 & Luke 8) Was Jesus really ...
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Mathew 19:17; which translation is more accurate, according to textual criticism?

Mathew 19:17; DRB; 17 Who said to him: Why asketh thou me concerning good? One is good, God. But if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments. Mathew 19:17; KJV; 17 And he said unto him, Why ...
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In the Greek, does 1 Corinthians 5:7 say Jesus is our Passover Lamb?

A friend of mine recently saw a teaching, where it was claimed that in Greek, 1 Corinthians does not say “Passover lamb”. I’ve copied and pasted his comment below. Since I don’t know Greek, I don’t ...
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How Can You Tell that a Text a "Translates Beautifully into Hebrew"? How does this apply to the Synoptic Problem?

This answer about possible Lukan-priority of the gospel accounts uses as a major piece of evidence that it "Translates Beautifully into Hebrew". Is this a (semi-)objective approach that ...
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2 answers
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Galatians 5:4 “fallen from grace/failed to grasp grace” Greek roots

I heard a Pastor through a teaching sermon on Galatians make mention that Galatians 5:4 is spoken from Paul in terms of “failing to grasp grace” rather than “falling from grace” as if justified ...
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What does John 3:16 mean by "perish"?

John 3:14-16 (ESV): 14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up, 15 that whoever believes in him may have eternal life. 16 “For God so loved the world,...
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Acts 16:34 - He did what with his family?

In Acts 16:34, what verb does the adverb "πανοικεί" ("with the entire household/family") modify and how are we to make such a determination? Some translation, such as the ESV, ...
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6 votes
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Translation of προσκυνεω in Matthew 4:9-10 vs 28:17

The New World Translation (NWT) translates προσκυνεω and προσκυνεω in Matthew 4:8-11 like so (emphasis mine): Again the Devil took him along to an unusually high mountain and showed him all the ...
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2 votes
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Mt. 22:39: "like" or "equal"?

7:33 ff. of this sermion says that an alternative translation of Mt. 22:39 is: "the second [commandment] is equal (not "like") to this: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself." ...
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Does "they neither marry nor are given in marriage" refer to the act of getting married, or the state of being married?

All 3 Synoptic Gospels record similar a teaching from Jesus given in response to a question asked by the Sadducees (what happens to the woman who marries 7 brothers in this life). Matthew 22:30 For ...
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4 answers
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How do we reconcile John 17:22 with Isaiah 42:8?

We read: “The glory which You have given Me I have given to them, that they may be one, just as We are one;” ‭‭John‬ ‭17:22‬ This was in the context of Eternal life being given to the elect^^^ ...
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Greek question Colossians 1:23

Looking at Colossians 1:23, specifically: which was preached to every creature under heaven (KJV & NKJV) has been proclaimed (ESV) It looks like most translations translate "κηρύσσω - ...
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Does 'of us' relate to both 'word' and 'epistle' (2 Thess 2:15)?

αρα ουν αδελφοι στηκετε και κρατειτε τας παραδοσεις ας εδιδαχθητε ειτε δια λογου ειτε δι επιστολης ημων [Stephanus TR 1550] Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold the traditions which ye have been ...
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More accurate rendering of 1 Timothy 1:19 “their faith/the faith”?

The NASB says: “keeping faith and a good conscience, which some have rejected and suffered shipwreck in regard to their faith.” ‭‭1 Timothy‬ ‭1:19‬ ‭NASB1995‬‬ The NKJV says: “having faith and a ...
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Is Hebrews 6:2 on the words "eternal judgement" in the Imperfect Aspect, Perfective Aspect, or Aoristic Aspect?

I am aware of my other question here: Hebrews 6:2 and the Greek understanding of "Eternal Judgement" Yet, I am still desiring to know more of the Greek structure of Hebrews 6:2 on the words &...
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Is it feasible that the period in John 1:3-4 should be placed as καὶ χωρὶς αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο ⸂οὐδὲ(. here) ἕν ὃ γέγονεν ἐν αὐτῷ ζωὴ ἦν?

This would make sense (the period before ἕν): and one did not even come about without Him. One thing which came into being by Him was life. But no one seems to propose it. So, the thrust of this ...
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What is the significance of γενόμενοι in Luke 1:2?

What is the significance of γενόμενοι in Luke 1:2? The translations seem to ignore it and translate Luke 1:2 the same as if it weren't there. I haven't found a source that references this question. ...
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Should/could the first "In Him" (ἐν ᾧ) in Ephesians 1:13 be tied to verse 12?

Because of full stops/commas/capitals in the NASB, ESV, KJV, the first "In Him" (ἐν ᾧ) is written as though it's tied to verse 13. Because it seems to me that the first "In Him" ...
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What does Titus 2:11 mean by “bringing salvation to all people”?

We read: “For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all people. It trains us to reject godless ways and worldly desires and to live self-controlled, upright, and godly lives in the ...
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7 answers
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Greek grammar: how to understand noun-article-noun-article-noun in "Κύριος ὁ Θεός ὁ Παντοκράτωρ" (Lord God Almighty) - Revelation 4:8

In Revelation 4:8 the Lord is referred to as: Lord God Almighty The Greek is Κύριος ὁ Θεός ὁ Παντοκράτωρ Literally: Lord the God the Almighty (the Greek is idiomatic and we wouldn't actually ...
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Are kill (ἀποκτεῖναι) and destroy (ἀπολέσαι) synonyms? Mark 3:4, Luke 6:9 & Matthew 10:28

Mark 3:4 4 And he saith to them, `Is it lawful on the sabbaths to do good, or to do evil? life to save, or to kill (ἀποκτεῖναι)?' but they were silent. [YLT] Luke 6:9 9 Then said Jesus unto them, `...
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8 answers
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Why does Jesus say “the gates [plural] of Hades (or hell) in Matthew 16:18?

I’m not asking whether the verse should say Hades or hell. The Greek text says Hades, though Jesus would not have had any pagan Greek notions in mind when he said “the gates of Hades shall not prevail ...
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Why is "to do" (ἐνεργεῖν) rendered as "power" in the NLT?

For God is working in you, giving you the desire and the power to do what pleases him. - Phil. 2:13 (NLT) As per the title, why is ἐνεργεῖν rendered as "power" in the NLT when it is ...
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Hebrews 2:16 – Does the Greek mean that Christ ‘took not on him the nature of angels’, or does it mean ‘For surely it is not angels he helps”?

I was reading an article by Martin Luther on the wonder of Christ not being ashamed to call his people “brethren”, dealing with Hebrews chapter 2. Then he quoted verse 16 as “For verily he took not ...
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Can men kill/take away our ψυχὴν (psychēn) or not? Matthew 10:28 vs. other passages (word study)

A. And be not afraid of those killing the body, and are not able to kill the soul [psychēn], but fear rather Him who is able both soul [psychēn] and body to destroy in gehenna [Matthew 10:28 YLT] vs....
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What is the full meaning of " propitiation" in the first segment of Romans 3:25 in the King James version?

In Romans chapter 3:25 Paul writes "Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood," the whom being Jesus Christ. Paul developes Romans and his understanding of our ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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What is the more accurate rendering of 2 Thessalonians 1:9 “ruin” or “destruction”?

We read two different translations: “These will pay the penalty of eternal ruin, separated from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his power,” ‭‭2 Thessalonians‬ ‭1:9‬ ‭(NABRE‬‬) Vs “...
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What exactly does it mean for a soul to be destroyed in gehenna? Matthew 10:28

Matthew 10:28 `And be not afraid of those killing the body, and are not able to kill the soul, but fear rather Him who is able both soul and body to destroy in gehenna. (YLT) And do not be afraid of ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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What is Peter speaking about in 1 Peter 5:10?

Applying the historical-grammatical method in our exegesis, looking at the Greek text as well, how can I understand what Peter is saying in 1 Peter 5:8-11, specifically verse 10? I have a few ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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What is the most accurate translation of “Christ is not a minister of sin”? Galatians 2:17

Q:What is the most accurate rendering/translation of the phrase “Christ is not a minister of sin” ? Q2: & what does that communicate to us? ““But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ...
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