Questions tagged [hebrew]

The language in which the Jewish Scriptures (Tanakh) -- or the "Old Testament" in Christian Bibles -- were written.

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Akkadian Kašdu, Hebrew Kaśdim (כַּשְׂדִּֽים׃) glossed as "clod-breakers": Is there a clear source for the gloss?

I'm aware of the origins of the Chaldeans as a branch of the Arameans who took over southern Mesopotamia. I'm interested in the meaning of the Akkadian and Hebrew words that apparently became attached ...
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Ecclesiastes 3:1 and the Hebrew for "seasons" and "time"

I've seen a couple of translations for the Hebrew in this passage. On this forum, someone noted " זְמָן which means set or appointed time or עֵת which means time of an event or experience " ...
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Why so many repetitions in the Torah in relation to Moses and G'd?

Another intriguing question caught my attention today and it is something that is repeated a lot in the Torah - who is G'd? An example of this can be found in Exodus 6:10: וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶל־...
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The meaning of Eden?

I have heard that Eden in Hebrew means "presence" and not specifically a place. The word is made of five strokes each with a meaning of its own. They are: Spot, Moment, Presence, Open Door,...
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Can the word ḥōq be correctly interpreted in Isaiah 40:22 as a sphere or a ball?

I am not looking for the meaning for the word ḥōq like answered here. but if it can be possibly interpreted as a sphere or a ball without being erroneous. Isaiah 40:22 He sits enthroned above the ...
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Elaborate on what Proverbs 14:9a says about "fools" and "sin" in order to get a deeper understanding. (layers of meaning)

משלי 14:9 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex אֱ֭וִלִים יָלִ֣יץ אָשָׁ֑ם וּבֵ֖ין יְשָׁרִ֣ים רָצֹֽון׃ Proverbs 14:9 (New American Standard Bible 1995) 9 Fools mock at [a]sin, But among the upright ...
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Is Exodus 21:22 about a premature birth or a miscarriage?

Exodus 21:22-25 reads (emphasis added): If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman'...
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Does the appearance of שֶׁבַע twice in Genesis 7:2 imply any significance?

In Genesis 7:2 the noun שֶׁבַע appears twice. Does it imply any significance?
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What is the deeper contextual meaning of Proverbs 13:15 's use of the phrase "Good understanding/sense " and terms "treacherous/unfaithful "?

Proverbs 13:15 (New American Standard Bible 1995) 15 Good understanding produces favor, But the way of the treacherous is hard. Proverbs 13:15 (New King James Version) 15 Good understanding [a]...
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Does Deuteronomy 34:10-12 give criteria for determining whether a person is "like Moses" or not?

10 Since then, no prophet has risen in Israel like Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face, 11 who did all those signs and wonders the Lord sent him to do in Egypt—to Pharaoh and to all his officials ...
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Psalm 11:5 does God’s soul hate the wicked, or does the wicked hate his own soul?

In Psalm 11:5, most English translations say something to the effect of “God’s soul hates the wicked” (NASB) The LORD tests the righteous and the wicked, And the one who loves violence His soul hates....
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Psalm 68:4 - Does it contain a Beth Essentiae?

Psalm 68:4 (ESV), 4 Sing to God, sing praises to his name; lift up a song to him who rides through the deserts; his name is the LORD; exult before him! The Hebrew text for the phrase emboldened ...
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Isaiah 44:6 Distinction of persons or distinction of titles? (Grammar)

We read: “Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel, And his Redeemer, the Lord of hosts: ‘I am the First and I am the Last; Besides Me there is no God.” ‭‭Isaiah‬ ‭44:6‬ ‭NKJV‬‬ “Thus says Yahweh, the ...
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Can the Hebrew word בְּהֵמָה refer to both wild and domestic animals at the same time?

In Genesis 6:20 we read that God told Noah to keep three categories of animals Flying creatures Animals Creeping things What confuses me is the word בְּהֵמָה translated as "animals." ...
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Can elohim in Isaiah 53:4 be understood as gods plural, not God singular?

I'm currently trying to understand the atonement and Isaiah 53 often comes up as a proof text in penal substitution theory. I noticed in verse 4 that it often is translated as it was God who struck ...
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Is there a tool to lookup all instances in the Bible where a particular verb is used with a certain stem, type, person, gender, or number?

Using the Blue Letter Bible I can look at a particular verb, let’s say H559, and see every verse where that verb is used. But, what I would like is a way to find every instance where a particular verb ...
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The word mə·ra·ḥe·p̄eṯ translation in Genesis 1:2

According to Biblehub.com, the word מְרַחֶ֖פֶת, that is mə·ra·ḥe·p̄eṯ should be translated "To brood" (One possibility). However, that Bible passage (Genesis 1:2) is almost always ...
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What's the difference between לֹ֥֖א and אַל?

What's the difference between לֹ֥֖א and אַל? For example, in Exodus 20 the Lord repeatedly states, "thou shalt not לֹ֥֖א ..." (see vss. 3-4, 7, 13-17). However, in contrast, Moses states in ...
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What is the significance of Jesus adding "mind" in Mark 12:30 to the greatest commandment?

If the Shema, the Jewish confession of faith to love God in Deut 6:5 was so important that devotees recited it every morning and evening each day, adding "mind" to this Greatest Commandment ...
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Why do most English translations use "season of singing" in Songs 2:12 when "season of pruning" seems more correct?

I can see how "season of singing" connects with the birds' singing, but I don't see why so many translates interpret the literal meaning in that connected way. Is there some history or ...
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Jesus asleep on the boat .. Was He really asleep

Matthew 8:24 Suddenly a violent storm came up on the sea, so that the boat was engulfed by the waves; but Jesus was sleeping. (See also parallel passages in Mark 4 & Luke 8) Was Jesus really ...
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Why can the ESV remove "Unless" from Psalm 27:13?

I saw this Psalm on this Wikipedia page on which is written the following note: Other English translations insert extra words, example "I had fainted, unless" (King James Version). Another ...
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How Can You Tell that a Text a "Translates Beautifully into Hebrew"? How does this apply to the Synoptic Problem?

This answer about possible Lukan-priority of the gospel accounts uses as a major piece of evidence that it "Translates Beautifully into Hebrew". Is this a (semi-)objective approach that ...
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Genesis 37:27 meaning of 'were content'

The phrase in question is And his brethren were content. The whole verse (KJV) 27 Come, and let us sell him to the Ishmeelites, and let not our hand be upon him; for he is our brother and our flesh. ...
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In what manner did God close up flesh after removing Adam's rib in Genesis 2:21?

(Genesis 2:21) And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept, and he took one of his ribs and closed up flesh in its place. I always used to visualize the verse like this: God ...
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Why מצא instead of נמצא in Genesis 2:20?

(Genesis 2:20, Masoretic) וַיִּקְרָ֨א הָֽאָדָ֜ם שֵׁמֹ֗ות לְכָל־הַבְּהֵמָה֙ וּלְעֹ֣וף הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וּלְכֹ֖ל חַיַּ֣ת הַשָּׂדֶ֑ה וּלְאָדָ֕ם לֹֽא־מָצָ֥א עֵ֖זֶר כְּנֶגְדֹּֽו׃ (DRB) And Adam called all the ...
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Is the Hebrew in Job 33:27 subjunctive?

KJV translates Job 33:27 as He looketh upon men, and if any say, I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, and it profited me not; ESV translates He sings before men and says: ‘I sinned ...
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Strong's Hebrew: 8328. שֹׁ֫רֶשׁ (shoresh) meaning and use

Strong's Hebrew: 8328. שֹׁ֫רֶשׁ (shoresh) have used in many verses of the bible, the word is also used in Job 28:9 with relation to the mountain, and also in Job 36:30 with the sea, also with plant ...
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Plural Hebrew numbers multiple vs. tens [closed]

From what I can see, in order to make a Hebrew number tenfold, you make it plural. שֶׁבַע (H7651) sheh'-bah is the word for seven. שִׁבְעִים (H7657) shib-eem' is seventy. שִׁבְעָתַיִם (H7659) shib-aw-...
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Hebrew referring to Adam & Eve in Genesis 1-3

In Genesis there is word play for man (ish איש) and woman (ishah אשה); also in regards to Eve, the name (chawah חוה) means living or life bearer does it not? With this in mind, in regards to the ...
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How do we reconcile John 17:22 with Isaiah 42:8?

We read: “The glory which You have given Me I have given to them, that they may be one, just as We are one;” ‭‭John‬ ‭17:22‬ This was in the context of Eternal life being given to the elect^^^ ...
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Parsing and interpreting כָּל־הָעֵ֛ץ אֲשֶׁר־בֹּ֥ו פְרִי־עֵ֖ץ זֹרֵ֣עַ זָ֑רַע (Genesis 1:29)

Genesis 1:29 וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֗ים הִנֵּה֩ נָתַ֨תִּי לָכֶ֜ם אֶת־כָּל־עֵ֣שֶׂב ׀ זֹרֵ֣עַ זֶ֗רַע אֲשֶׁר֙ עַל־פְּנֵ֣י כָל־הָאָ֔רֶץ וְאֶת־כָּל־הָעֵ֛ץ אֲשֶׁר־בֹּ֥ו פְרִי־עֵ֖ץ זֹרֵ֣עַ זָ֑רַע לָכֶ֥ם יִֽהְיֶ֖ה ...
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Congregation or congregrations? מקוה in Genesis 1:10

Genesis 1:10 ויקרא אלהים ליבשה ארץ ולמקוה המים קרא ימים וירא אלהים כי טוב Vulgate: Et vocavit Deus aridam Terram, congregationesque aquarum appellavit Maria. Et vidit Deus quod esset bonum. LXX: καὶ ...
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Christian origins reference request [closed]

Can anyone provide a source that says to the effect that Christianity and Judaism originate from a religion that existed in Israel in the 1st millennium BC that called their God something that in ...
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Is Gen 26:22 (JPS Gen. 26:23) Isaac kvetching?

Some English translations of Gen. 26:22 (JPS Gen. 26:23) could be read as Isaac kvetching that it took a while for the Lord to make room for them in the land, after digging so many wells. But, some ...
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Ibn Ezras approach to grammar in Song of Songs

Ibn Ezra is a well known 12th-century rabbi who is most famous for his work on Hebrew grammar. He renders song of songs 1:4 as "Draw me! were even the king to bring me to his apartments we would ...
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Does Isaiah 66:24 in Hebrew showcase the reality of the bodies of the Resurrected Unsaved?

Let’s lay out the Context of the future New Heavens & Earth: “For as the new heavens and the new earth Which I will make shall remain before Me,” says the Lord, “So shall your descendants and ...
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What is the most accurate rendering of Psalms 11:7

4 different translations: “For the Lord is righteous, He loves righteousness; His countenance beholds the upright.” ‭‭Psalms‬ ‭11:7‬ ‭NKJV “Certainly the Lord is just; he rewards godly deeds; the ...
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3 votes
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What is the most accurate rendering of Psalms 7:11 (Textual Criticism)

A few different translations: “God judgeth the righteous, And God is angry with the wicked every day.” ‭‭Psalm‬ ‭7:11‬ ‭KJV “God is a righteous judge, And a God who shows indignation every day.” ‭‭...
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4 votes
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Hebrew meaning of "between evenings"

I'm trying to understand a phrase in Exodus 29:39 and Numbers 28:4. The phrase is "בין הערבים." This seems to literally mean "between evenings." It is present here in the ...
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What does it mean that the Lord stirs someone up? 1 Chronicles 5:26

We read: So the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, that is, Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria. He carried the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh into ...
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The isrealites were being called Judah and later Jew? [closed]

Why and when were the isrealites being called Judah and later Jew?
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Which translation of Isaiah 38:17-18 is more accurate, and what does this tell us about Isaiah's view of Sheol, death and the afterlife?

Isaiah 38:17-18: 17 Behold, for my own welfare I had great bitterness; But You have kept my soul from the pit of nothingness, For You have hurled all my sins behind Your back. 18 For Sheol cannot ...
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What is the ancient context of "raised you up", Ex 9:16?

I am studying Exodus right now, and have been digging deep into the Lord hardening Pharaoh's heart. In Exodus 9:15-16, the Lord speaks through Moses to Pharaoh and says, 15For by now I could have put ...
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Is the root chosen for translation in Isaiah 14:12 for helel הילל wrong in most translations and lexicons?

Isaiah 14:12 NET "Look how you have fallen from the sky, O shining one, son of the dawn! You have been cut down to the ground, O conqueror of the nations!" Every Lexicon, Dictionary, and ...
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2 votes
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Hebrew of Psalm 82:8 - Gender Mismatch?

This Psalm has been dug into frequently for it's peculiar use of Elohim and conflating this name for God with children of God. It is quoted in John 10:34 as part of Jesus's discourse with the Jewish ...
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Has anyone reconstructed the LXX version of Job 2:9 in Hebrew?

I know the Masoretic version of this verse is considerably shorter. But has anyone tried recreating the underlying Hebrew text from which the LXX version of Job 2:9 was translated? MT of Job 2:9 - ...
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Gen. 3:16: הַרְבָּה אַרְבֶּה, “Multiplying I will multiply,” mean God created Eve's sorrows or that He increased her already-existing sorrows? [duplicate]

Does Eve's punishment in Gen. 3:16: הַרְבָּה אַרְבֶּה (harbāh ’arbeh), “Multiplying I will multiply,” mean that God created out of nothing (ex nihilo)* her sorrows or that He increased her already-...
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The meaning of the name Adonibezek

What's the meaning of the name Adonibezek? , does it mean Lord of bezek Or my Lord is bezek or something like that? Does Adoni mean my Lord Or does it mean Lord of? 4 Judah went up, and the Lord ...
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2 votes
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Job 32:8 & the nature of “spirit”

I’ve always quoted this verse when evangelizing to people (in the past), with reference to man having a spirit. I assumed this scripture was a direct reference to the biblical implications of an ...
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