Questions tagged [hebrew]

The language in which the Jewish Scriptures (Tanakh) -- or the "Old Testament" in Christian Bibles -- were written.

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What was the Apostle Paul saying in Romans 1:7-12 [closed]

Can someone explain Romans 1:7-12 what was apostle Paul trying to say? 7 To all in Rome who are loved by God and called to be his holy people: Grace and peace to you from God our Father and from the ...
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Does “flower of the field” mean “poppy”?

The above snippet is totally wrong (not Google's fault, the page has awful HTML), but even when I look at better pages, the information seems to be sparse, contradictory, or wrong. The most frequent ...
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What is the correct interpretation of וְנִשָּׂ֥א In Daniel 11:12

Daniel 11:12 KJV And when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened by it. And the multitude shall be ...
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What is the meaning of “ten thousands” in Daniel 11:12

Daniel 11:12 KJV And when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened by it. Most commentators connect ...
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Why is Jeremiah's name spelled differently in the book of Jeremiah?

Jeremiah is ירמיהו and means "Whom the LORD has appointed." It appears even the LORD uses this name: And the word of the LORD came to me, saying, “Jeremiah, what do you see?” And I said, “I ...
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Stretch out your hand

At the start of story of Job, there is a recurring phrase - ‘stretch out your hand and touch’. The accuser is demanding this of the Lord. What is the meaning of the two parts (stretch out your hand [...
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Is the blessing of the father included in the birthright?

In Genesis 25:29-34 we read that Esau sold his birthright to Jacob. Later, in Genesis 27, we see that Jacob has to plot with Rebekah in order to get that blessing. So, it appears as if Jacob was aware ...
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In Daniel 11:10 why is וּבָנָ֣ו translated to as plural?

But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and one shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return, and be stirred up, even to his ...
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Would the ancient Hebrew word/concept of adultery (תִנְאָף) have included homosexual sex?

Exodus 20 commands the people to not תִנְאָף, translated "commit adultery." What would have been included in their concept of this? Would a man having sex with another man have been ...
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Genesis 1:3, Did God Make Light?

I'm trying to read Genesis 1 very closely and I'm noticing a thing about Genesis 1:3. God says יהי אור. Then it just says "and there was light." The form of "to be" (היה) here ...
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Water levels of the flood found in Exodus 14

In Exodus 14:27, the water is at its "usual strength" (le,etano) spelled with a yud; but the water returned to its pre-set level. This "preset level" I believe can be found in the ...
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In Daniel 2:34, Does the word אֶבֶן Stone symbolize אב Father and בֶן֙ Son : merging together as one אֶ֙בֶן֙ Stone? [closed]

In Daniel 2:34-45, Does the word אֶבֶן Stone in hebrew symbolize אב Father and בֶן֙ Son : merging together as one אֶ֙בֶן֙ Stone to begin God's kingdom on earth?
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In Genesis 1:9 was the earth exposed or fabricated, ותראה?

“And God said, “Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear.” And it was so.” ‭‭Genesis‬ ‭1:9‬ ‭ In English to say something “appeared” can give ...
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Why the conjunction from Genesis 1:2 onwards?

It seems that some choose to read into the text of Genesis 1 a title and also claim that day 1 begins in v3. Why would the text go through the trouble of connecting all the “verses” that follow to the ...
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Does (Psalm 112:7) Old Testament Hebrew mean “Bad News” Or “Evil Tidings”? All “Evil Tidings” is “Bad News” but Not all “Bad News is ”Evil Tidings"

All "Evil Tidings" is obviously "Bad News" but Not all "Bad News" is "Evil Tidings" Psalm 112:7 (NASB 1995) He will Not fear evil tidings; His heart is ...
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Why are some apparently supplied words not italicized in the NKJV?

Consider Genesis 1:2 (NKJV): The earth w̲a̲s̲ without form, and void; and darkness w̲a̲s̲ upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God w̲a̲s̲ hovering over the face of the waters. The second &...
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What does “God said” mean in Gen. 1:3,6,9,11,14,20,24,26?

What does “God said” mean in Gen. 1:3,6,9,11,14,20,24,26? To ask what language God spoke during creation is absurd. God did not speak to a human before he created humans. What is the meaning of “God ...
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Is Moses' Law obsolete?

New International Version Matthew 5:18 For truly I tell you, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until ...
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In Numbers 22:41, how should בָּמוֹת בָּעַל (Bamoth-baal, Strong's h1120 h1120) be understood?

In the NLT, the two forms of the same word are translated as "Bamoth-baal": [Num 22:41 NLT] (41) The next morning Balak took Balaam up to Bamoth-baal. From there he could see some of the ...
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Whose names are those listed in Isaiah 9:6?

The general translation of וַיִּקְרָ֨א שְׁמֹ֜ו פֶּ֠לֶא is his name will be called wonderful etc, but the form of the verb is simple pal not nifal... Who is the subject and who is the recipient of this ...
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How are ancient Hebrew texts deciphered? [closed]

Someone is telling me that the Bible is inaccurate for the reason that ancient Hebrew (specifically the dialect of Hebrew that the Torah was written in) is a lost language and nobody knows anything ...
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Why does Genesis 3 use male pronouns for Eve?

I came across some interesting observations of Genesis 3 recently: Genesis 3:12, "And the adam said , 'the woman whom you gave with me, HE gave [3fs] to me from the tree and I ate'" Genesis ...
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What is the best translation for הָרָע֖וֹת in Lamentations 3:38?

Lamentations 3:38 King James Bible Out of the mouth of the most High proceedeth not evil and good? New International Version Is it not from the mouth of the Most High that both calamities and good ...
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What would be good sources for the evidence for the change in language between Prot/Deutero/Trito Isaiah in the Bible?

I am very interested in understanding the biblical book of Isaiah. I have read in numerous places that virtually no modern scholars view the book as having been written only by the historical Isaiah ...
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What is the difference between מִשְׁבָּר (billows or waves) and גַּל (waves, heap) in Jonah 2:3

As pointed, מִשְׁבָּר (billows or waves) and גַּל (waves, heap) in Jonah 2:3, they seem to have the same meaning according to the lexicon and also their usage. Is it indicating an emphasis or is there ...
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What is the meaning of the Hebrew word Israel - Struggle or Prince? Any scholarly resources on this? cf. Genesis 32:28

The Hebrew word Israel gets translated Struggle and Prince i.e. Gen 32:28. Are there any good scholarly resources that can help clarify which meaning is more accurate?
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How do we understand the connection between the feminine pronominal suffix with Jonah in Jonah 1:11

Jonah 1:11 (KJV 1900): Then said they unto him, What shall we do unto thee (לָּ֔ךְ) לָּ֔ךְ is a second person feminine pronominal suffix, which means that it cannot be referring to Jonah. So why do ...
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Confusion with “Eli, Eli…” at the Cross [duplicate]

In Mark 15:34-37, "At the ninth hour, Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” When some of the bystanders ...
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Name: Thomas, does it mean twin? [closed]

I'm looking at the name Thomas in (especially) the Gospel of John where it appears seven times as a major actor in the narrative. In the synoptic gospels and acts, his name only shows up once in a ...
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Does the Hebrew word Qe'ver refer to Hell or to “the place of the dead” or “the grave”?

This recent question asked about the Hebrew word Sheol: https://christianity.stackexchange.com/questions/79582/does-the-old-testament-word-sheol-have-greek-or-hebrew-origins My question is about a ...
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(NASB 1995) Psalm 19:13b (acquitted of great transgression) Vs (NASB 2020) Psalm 19:13b (blameless of great wrongdoing) What does Hebrew say?

NASB 2020 updated translation was just released. I was searching online to see the differences between NASB 1995 and NASB 2020. I just came across Psalm 19:13b which was translated differently. As we ...
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The Menorah - A Shammash?

Exodus 25:31-37 (KJV) 31 And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of ...
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What is the disgrace for Christ in Hebrews 11:24?

NIV Hebrews 11:24 By faith Moses, when he was grown, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter. 25He chose to suffer oppression with God’s people rather than to experience the fleeting ...
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Is the Hebrew for “you” ( צִוִּיתִ֛יךָ ) in Genesis 3:11 singular or Plural?

Is the Hebrew for "you" in Genesis 3:11 singular or Plural? I am asking this because in English "you" can be used for both singular and plural. In my native language Malayalam ...
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Genesis 16:3 - Was Hagar the wife of Abram or was she his concubine?

I would like to know the meaning of the Hebrew word for “wife” within the context of Genesis 16:3. The reason I ask is because some Bible commentaries suggest that Hagar was not granted the status of ...
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(Deuteronomy 6:5) The Shema, Command, Statement, or something else?

I am reading the Hebrew text of Deuteronomy 6:5. This is the famous "commandment" to love God with all your heart/soul/strength. Jesus quotes it, Jews still say it nightly at bedtime and ...
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Translating forms of Yirah as Fear or Seeing

I have heard numerous rabbis connect verses about the fear of God to seeing God. This always hinges on the fact that some of the conjugations of yirah (fear) look the same as some of the conjugations ...
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In Genesis 1 does the Hebrew say “a first day” or “the first day”?

"I recently looked at a bible where it says in Genesis creation account...And the evening and the morning were A first day." In the original language, is it meant to be "A" or &...
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(Song of Songs 2:7) Hebrew Question about Gender of Subject and Object

I am having some challenges interpreting Song of Songs 2:7 in terms of verb-subject-object gender matching. The verse reads (KJV): I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the ...
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Psalm 139:16 all my days “are” or “will be” written?

I am looking at Psalm 139:16 which the NRSV translates as: In your book were written all the days that were formed for me, when none of them as yet existed. But the "were written" is ...
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Does Micah 6:8 refer to Jeremiah 9:24 based on the words חֶ֛סֶד מִשְׁפָּ֥ט וּצְדָקָ֖ה ? If so, what does it imply?

One doesn't see the connection in the English translations. These three Hebrew words חֶ֛סֶד מִשְׁפָּ֥ט וּצְדָקָ֖ה are the same in these two verse, except צְדָקָ֖ה is in its plural form in Micah 6:5, ...
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Did the men of Solomon's time preferred lighter skin women?

Song of Solomon 1:5 I am dark, yet lovely, O daughters of Jerusalem, like the tents of Kedar, like the curtains of Solomon. 6 Do not stare because I am dark, for the sun has gazed upon me. My mother’s ...
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What is the meaning of “And who is their father?” in 1 Samuel 10:12?

1 Samuel 10:9 As Saul turned to leave Samuel, God changed Saul’s heart, and all these signs were fulfilled that day. 10When he and his servant arrived at Gibeah, a procession of prophets met him; the ...
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If mmzr (ממזר) – in Deu 23:3 (MT) - is related with an an illegitimate union, why a person born from this union must be excluded? [closed]

Since we know (from the Bible) God is not partial, and that He does not charge a son with the sin of his father, how this is in harmony with the exclusion of people born from an illegitimate (sexual) ...
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Why did the Egyptians view shepherds as detestable and why did they refuse to eat with the Hebrews?

Why would the Egyptians refuse to eat with the Hebrew people? The first mention of this is in Genesis 43:32 when Joseph’s brothers first come to Egypt. The Egyptians could not eat with Joseph (a ...
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Why do English translations interpret the Ivri imperative “SOS” (שׂוֹשׂ) / “Rejoice!” as the English adverb “greatly” in Isaiah 61:10?

In the Ivri (עִבְרִי) / Hebrew (ἑβραιου) text of [Isaiah 61:10] we read Rejoice twice as an imperative then in 1ps future tense : "SOS" (Rejoice!, שׂוֹשׂ), "ASIYS" (I-will Rejoice, ...
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Is there a first person verb with a plural subject in Hebrew?

I am aware of singular verbs with plural subjects in the third person, masculine, singular. Such as Exodus 4:29, but I am wondering if there is a 1cs that has a plural subject? Feel free to add or ...
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What does Proverbs 23:10 mean regarding the prohibited entry in “Fields of Orphans”?

In the Ivri (עִבְרִי) / Hebrew (ἑβραιου) text of Proverbs 23:10, we find a strange warning. Proverbs 23:10 [MT "Do not remove an ancient boundary, and do not enter the fields of the orphans" ...
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Some Isaiah 61:8 translations use phrase “burnt offering” as opposed to “wrong”/“wrongdoing”. Therefore, what does Hebrew WLC version say?

It's big difference if some bible translations say: the burnt offering as opposed to wrong/wrongdoing Could some please read and evaluate the corresponding Hebrew WLC version, and give and elaborate ...
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Who is God referencing in 1 Chronicles 17:13?

Regarding the Ivri (עִבְרִי) / Hebrew (ἑβραιου) text of 1 Chronicles 17:13 - God reveals a message about 2 individuals to the prophet Nathan (Natan, נָתָ֖ן). 1 Chronicles 17:13 [MT] "I shall be to ...

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