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Questions tagged [hebrew]

The language in which the Jewish Scriptures (Tanakh) -- or the "Old Testament" in Christian Bibles -- were written.

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Why do some translators include the phrase 'this shall be/seen' in Exodus 16:8?

Most translators seem to add some different phrases in this text which somehow was never in the Hebrew text. וַיֹּאמֶר מֹשֶׁה, בְּתֵת יְהוָה לָכֶם בָּעֶרֶב בָּשָׂר לֶאֱכֹל וְלֶחֶם בַּבֹּקֶר ...
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Anyone know why Σιλωάμ in John 9:7 has the μ at the end

Anyone know why Σιλωάμ in John 9:7 has the μ at the end. The Hebrew New Testament (Bible Society of Israel) has הַשִּׁלּוֹחַ (apparently qal passive participle) with no ending m sound from the Hebrew ...
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Deut 11: commanded to love?

Deut 11:1 starts off "Therefore you shall love the Lord your God". Verse 13 says: "And it shall be that if you earnestly obey My commandments which I command you today, to love the Lord your God ..."....
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“Strange god” or just “stranger”

My question is regarding the translation of the Heb. זָר which basically means an alien or a stranger. However, it is used in Isa 43:12 to refer to strange gods: אָנֹכִי הִגַּדְתִּי וְהֹושַׁעְתִּי ...
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“I give” in Isaiah 43:3

I came across this quite confusing construction in Isaiah 43:3. The ESV reads, For I am the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior. I give Egypt as your ransom, Cush and Seba in ...
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A question about the Hebrew words translated 'righteousness' in Jeremiah 33:15/16

In Jeremiah 33:15 : ... the Branch of righteousness [KJV] the Hebrew word used is tsedaqah, so Young's Analytical Concordance informs me. In Jeremiah 33:16 : ... the Lord our righteousness [...
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Is the Hebrew noun תַּחַת translated as as the preposition “under” in Gen. 1:7 a correct translation?

The word תַּחַת is used both as a common noun (Num. 33: 26, 27) as well as a proper noun (1 Ch. 6:4) in the Bible. in Genesis 1:7 however the difficulty I am having is that the word תַּחַת (noun) ...
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Who are the dogs in Philippians 3:2 and Revelation 22:15?

Deuteronomy 23:18 says Thou shalt not bring the hire of a whore, or the price of a dog, into the house of the LORD thy God for any vow: for even both these are abomination unto the LORD thy God. (...
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Explanation of the Hebrew word אֲשֶׁר

I checked up the BDB lexicon and some softwares to study the usage of the word אֲשֶׁר in Bible. However in my level its seem so complex and I am unable to understand properly. Can anyone please tell ...
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What is the correct English translation from Greek and meaning of Hebrews 1:6?

What is the correct English translation from Greek and meaning of Hebrews 1:6 ? A few translations are: ( AKJV ) And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And ...
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How do we know that gârash H1644 can mean ‘divorced’?

Gârash generally means driven out, but in the case of a woman, it is commonly translated ‘divorced’. Why is it not translated ‘driven out’, ‘sent away’, ‘separated from her husband’? eg Lev 21:7 (...
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How were the Hebrews enslaved in ancient Egypt (Exodus)?

"And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation. And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was ...
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Does the root meaning of the word “Hebrew” used in Genesis 14:13 mean “pass over”?

Does the root meaning of the word "Hebrew" used in Genesis 14:13 And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of ...
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Is the “glory” that is spoken about in Exodus 40:34-35 a light that appeared in the Holy of holies?

In the book The School of Christ by T Austin Sparks I read the following Looking backward at that tabernacle or that temple of old where the Shekinah glory was found, we mark that that light, ...
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Why does the LXX occcassionally have “fear God” instead of “fear the Lord” in Proverbs?

The fear of the LORD (YHVH) is found throughout Proverbs. In the KJV, the exact phrase occurs 14 times; twice it is feareth the LORD; once fear the LORD and once fear thou the LORD. What I find ...
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How does Moses opt to use הָ֣אֱלֹהִ֔ים for judges in Exodus 21:6?

Exodus 21:6 KJV 6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an awl; and he shall ...
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What does “revocalization” mean in Bible footnotes?

For instance, the ESV adds a note to Proverbs 30:1 in regards to "I am weary, O God, and worn out.": Revocalization; Hebrew The man declares to Ithiel, to Ithiel and Ucal" What is "revocalization" ...
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Is Leviticus 16:2 an explanation or instruction?

The Lord said to Moses: “Tell your brother Aaron that he is not to come whenever he chooses into the Most Holy Place behind the curtain in front of the atonement cover on the ark, or else he will ...
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Is there a difference between “night” and “evening” in Hebrew

Why does the Bible use different words like ereb for evening and laylah for night when they both denote the same thing?
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Can the Hebrew word qara (קָרָא) mean to rename?

We see in Genesis 1:5 that God called the light as day and darkness as night. The Hebrew word used to translate this word is קָרָא. We see however that God was renaming something that already had a ...
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Did Jesus make alcoholic wine or grape juice?

I heard someone giving a talk on alcohol and Christianity. One thing that stood out was when they said that the word used for 'wine' at the wedding in Cana (John chapter 2) meant grape juice. When ...
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What does Isaiah mean by saying that the LORD's “hand is stretched out still”? (Is. 5:25;9:12,17,21;10:4)

I heard explained that it means that the LORD will still extend mercy in spite of sins. I have also heard that it means just the opposite-that an extended hand in ancient Near Eastern context means a ...
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In Proverbs 14:34, is sin a disgrace to a people, or is mercy a sin-offering?

The standard translation of Proverbs 14:34 is along the lines of (ESV, for example) the following: Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin is a reproach to any people. But Young's Literal ...
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Does the postfixed χ in Jewish Greek transliterations simply denote the aleph, i.e. vs. other vowels?

The Hebrew א and the Greek χ (especially in their typical manuscript form) look very similar. 'Jewish Greek' (Septuagintic/Diaspora/NT Greek) already being an insiders language (inasmuch it's ...
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Why is the indefinite aorist tense used in Luke 22:15 'With desire I have desired / 'Ἐπιθυμίᾳ ἐπεθύμησα?

Why is the indefinite aorist tense used in Luke 22:15 And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer... I am most interested in the hebraism used here ...
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Did Elisha tell Hazael that Ben Hadad will recover in 2 Kings 8?

2 Kings 8:9-10 NIV 9 Hazael went to meet Elisha, taking with him as a gift forty camel-loads of all the finest wares of Damascus. He went in and stood before him, and said, “Your son Ben-Hadad king ...
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What are God's voice, charge, commandments, statutes & laws that Abraham kept?

What are God's voice, charge, commandments, statutes & laws that Abraham obeyed & kept Genesis 26:4-6 and I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy ...
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How is leprosy like snow?

צָרַעַת, traditionally translated as leprosy, (perhaps skin disease is more accurate) is compared to snow in three locations: Exodus 4:6 (ESV) 6 Again, the Lord said to him, "Put your hand inside ...
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Did God make two great lights or did He make the great light two?

And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years, and let them be lights in the ...
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Does לַגֵּ֨ר refer to a proselyte in Deuteronomy 14:21?

דברים 14:21 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex לֹ֣א תֹאכְל֣וּ כָל־נְ֠בֵלָה לַגֵּ֨ר אֲשֶׁר־בִּשְׁעָרֶ֜יךָ תִּתְּנֶ֣נָּה וַאֲכָלָ֗הּ אֹ֤ו מָכֹר֙ לְנָכְרִ֔י כִּ֣י עַ֤ם קָדֹושׁ֙ אַתָּ֔ה לַיהוָ֖ה ...
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MT “will strike” & LXX “will watch carefully” (Gen 3:15)?

I haven't seen this question asked at all in the threads I've searched, so this shouldn't be a duplicate. I've been looking for answers about God's curse over the serpent in Gen 3:15. The question I ...
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Biblical Hebrew, לו and Gender Agreement (Psalm 3:2)

Psalm 3:2 (WLC) רבים אמרים לנפשי אין ישועתה לו באלהים סלה׃ (My translation) They are many who say to my soul, 'There is no salvation for him with God.'" Question "Soul" (נפש) is feminine, and "...
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Does Exodus 34:7 necessarily mean that God directly punishes the grandchildren?

Exodus 34:7 (NIV) says that God "punishes the children and their children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation". The NLT translation says "I lay the sins of the parents upon ...
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Does 'cutting a covenant' (Psalm 50:5) imply personal separation?

... those that have made a covenant with me by sacrifice. KJV ... making covenant with Me over a sacrifice. Young's Literal ... those who cut My covenant by sacrifice. Green's Literal The ...
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Why does Genesis 2:7 read חַיִּ֑ים plural rather than singular

Genesis 2:7 in English it reads God breathe the breath of life(singular) but in Hebrew it reads lives(plural) What is significant that ‘Adam’ received a plurality of lives breathe into him? Eve didn’...
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Hebrew definite/indefinite article - בְּ - “a” or “the”

I am trying to establish which is correct: Dan 9:27 And he shall confirm (a / the) covenant with the many for one week וְהִגְבִּ֥יר בְּרִ֛ית לָרַבִּ֖ים שָׁב֣וּעַ אֶחָ֑ד Some Bibles render it as "a ...
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Waters above the heavens true or false - Psalm 148:4

I realize there is a similar question In Psalm 148:4 are the waters above the highest heaven? But I’d like to revisit this verse and ask a different question or pose the question differently ...
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Why are two different words used for 'vision in Daniel 8:15 and 16?

Daniel 8 NASB [15]When I, Daniel, had seen the vision, I sought to understand it; and behold, standing before me was one who looked like a man וַיְהִ֗י בִּרְאֹתִ֛י אֲנִ֥י דָנִיֵּ֖אל אֶת־הֶחָזֹ֑ון ...
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Why are different words for “month” used to when identifying Ziv as the second month, Bul as the eighth month, and Ethanim as the seventh month?

The construction of the Temple began in the month of Ziv, which is identified as the second month: In the four hundred and eightieth year after the people of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, ...
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Does the Septuagint more accurately translate Genesis 15:6 than English translations?

Genesis 15:6 : ... and he counted it to him for righteousness. KJV. ... and He reckoneth it to him -- righteousness. Young's Literal. ... And He counted it to him for righteousness. Green'...
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Is there a difference between מַסְוֶה and צָעִיף (veil)?

I noticed that in Exodus 34, the term מַסְוֶה is used throughout in reference to the veil Moses wore on his face to hide his radiance. However, in Genesis throughout the Hebrew term used (for veil) is ...
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Why do the deer and ram share a common root?

I am trying to understand the relationship between an אַיִל (ram, Ovis canadensis) and אַיָּל (stag, Cervidae). According to scientific classification these are different families. They seem to share ...
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“Be holy as I am holy”; why are the two words for “holy” written differently in Hebrew?

קְדֹשִׁים תִּהְיוּ: כִּי קָדוֹשׁ, אֲנִי ”Be holy for I (God) am holy" This verse in Leviticus 19:2 seems to demand that Israel should sanctify herself to the level of God’s holiness. But in ...
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Is the ESV reading of Ecclesiastes 11:5 faithful to the Hebrew?

The ESV is unlike the other translations in that it seems see "way of the spirit" as a fetal development matter which the author is using as how inscrutable are God's ways. In other translations "way ...
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comprehension of ancient languages [closed]

is it necessary to have deep understanding/comprehension of ancient languages to know the "fullness" of the message of the Bible?
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Does the wording of 1 Samuel 18:21 suggest David was already married to Merab when Saul offered him Michal?

וַיֹּ֨אמֶר שָׁא֜וּל אֶתְּנֶ֤נָּה לֹּו֙ וּתְהִי־לֹ֣ו לְמֹוקֵ֔שׁ וּתְהִי־בֹ֖ו יַד־פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים וַיֹּ֤אמֶר שָׁאוּל֙ אֶל־דָּוִ֔ד בִּשְׁתַּ֛יִם תִּתְחַתֵּ֥ן בִּ֖י הַיֹּֽום׃ (WLC) “I will give her [...
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How is Saul's “בֶן־” (son) in 1 Samuel 20:31b to be understood?

Saul to Jonathan about David: WLC: וְעַתָּ֗ה שְׁלַ֨ח וְקַ֤ח אֹתֹו֙ אֵלַ֔י כִּ֥י בֶן־מָ֖וֶת הֽוּא׃ ס (ESV: Therefore send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die.) Is it standard and ...
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‘In’ or ‘On’ the earth (Hebrew) - Genesis 6:5

It interesting to observe בארץ being translated by different English (and non English) translations as either in the earth or on the earth. This is not limited to this verse by any means. “The ...
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1answer
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“Fat” = “full[ness]/choicest/all” in the Hebrew usage?

I was reading the Hebrew of Genesis today and came across the first instance of 'fat:' Genesis 4:4 (WLC) ויהי מקץ ימים ויבא קין מפרי האדמה מנחה ליהוה׃ והבל הביא גם־הוא מבכרות צאנו ומחלבהן וישע ...
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Question regarding Genesis 2:7 [closed]

Thank you for taking my question. In light of the recent change in abortion laws, I have been in a debate with some of my family members who are of the belief that "soul" life does not begin until a ...