Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [hebrew]

The language in which the Jewish Scriptures (Tanakh) -- or the "Old Testament" in Christian Bibles -- were written.

1
vote
0answers
15 views

Why do the deer and ram share a common root?

I am trying to understand the relationship between an אַיִל (ram, Ovis canadensis) and אַיָּל (stag, Cervidae). According to scientific classification these are different families. They seem to share ...
3
votes
2answers
54 views

“Be holy as I am holy”; why are the two words for “holy” written differently in Hebrew?

קְדֹשִׁים תִּהְיוּ: כִּי קָדוֹשׁ, אֲנִי ”Be holy for I (God) am holy" This verse in Leviticus 19:2 seems to demand that Israel should sanctify herself to the level of God’s holiness. But in ...
-1
votes
1answer
21 views

Is the ESV reading of Ecclesiastes 11:5 faithful to the Hebrew?

The ESV is unlike the other translations in that it seems see "way of the spirit" as a fetal development matter which the author is using as how inscrutable are God's ways. In other translations "way ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

comprehension of ancient languages [on hold]

is it necessary to have deep understanding/comprehension of ancient languages to know the "fullness" of the message of the Bible?
-3
votes
0answers
58 views

Matthew's Gospel first penned in Hebrew? [duplicate]

Various early church fathers said that Matthew first penned his Gospel in Hebrew (Aramaic). What do you find to support this fact? The Historical Literary Evidence – The Early Church Testimony ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Does the wording of 1 Samuel 18:21 suggest David was already married to Merab when Saul offered him Michal?

וַיֹּ֨אמֶר שָׁא֜וּל אֶתְּנֶ֤נָּה לֹּו֙ וּתְהִי־לֹ֣ו לְמֹוקֵ֔שׁ וּתְהִי־בֹ֖ו יַד־פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים וַיֹּ֤אמֶר שָׁאוּל֙ אֶל־דָּוִ֔ד בִּשְׁתַּ֛יִם תִּתְחַתֵּ֥ן בִּ֖י הַיֹּֽום׃ (WLC) “I will give her [...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

How is Saul's “בֶן־” (son) in 1 Samuel 20:31b to be understood?

Saul to Jonathan about David: WLC: וְעַתָּ֗ה שְׁלַ֨ח וְקַ֤ח אֹתֹו֙ אֵלַ֔י כִּ֥י בֶן־מָ֖וֶת הֽוּא׃ ס (ESV: Therefore send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die.) Is it standard and ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

‘In’ or ‘On’ the earth (Hebrew) - Genesis 6:5

It interesting to observe בארץ being translated by different English (and non English) translations as either in the earth or on the earth. This is not limited to this verse by any means. “The ...
-2
votes
0answers
29 views

Same numbers and meanings - Hebrew vs. Greek - Strong's Concordance [on hold]

I asked this same question on Christianity. They are already voting it as "off topic" Arrrggg! Can anyone here help me with a futile search that I have been trying online? I am interested to find ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

“Fat” = “full[ness]/choicest/all” in the Hebrew usage?

I was reading the Hebrew of Genesis today and came across the first instance of 'fat:' Genesis 4:4 (WLC) ויהי מקץ ימים ויבא קין מפרי האדמה מנחה ליהוה׃ והבל הביא גם־הוא מבכרות צאנו ומחלבהן וישע ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

Question regarding Genesis 2:7 [closed]

Thank you for taking my question. In light of the recent change in abortion laws, I have been in a debate with some of my family members who are of the belief that "soul" life does not begin until a ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

According to Genesis 4:1f, could Cain and Abel be twins?

In English, the Bible states: 1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, 'I have gotten a man from the LORD.' 2 And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

How did Jerome arrive at his Translation of Judges 15:8?

Reading Judges this morning, I came across Judges 15:8: Judges 15:8 (DRB) And he [Samson] made a great slaughter of them, so that in astonishment they laid the calf of the leg upon the thigh. (The ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Why is חַוָּ֑ה (Gen. 3:20; 4:1) translated “Eve” in KJV (both cases) and “Ζωή” in Gen. 3:20 (LXX), yet “Ευαν” in Gen. 4:1 (LXX)?

The Hebrew proper noun, חַוָּ֑ה, in Genesis 3:20 and Genesis 4:1, is transliterated "Eve" in both cases in the KJV, yet "Ζωή" and "Ευαν" (Gen. 3:20; 4:1, respectively) in the LXX. It should be "Chavah"...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

“Blasphemy” in 1 Kings 21:10 [duplicate]

And cause two men — sons of worthlessness — to sit over-against him, and they testify of him, saying, Thou hast blessed God and Melech; and they have brought him out, and stoned him, and he dieth.’ ‭...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Why is עֲרוּמִּ֔ים (Gen 2:25) translated “naked,” and in the very next verse its singular form, עָר֔וּם (Gen 3:1), is translated “crafty/shrewd?”

I am curious as to why the Hebrew word for "crafty/shrewd," עָרוּם, used to characterize the serpent in the Garden in Genesis 3:1 is the same word in Genesis 2:25, describing Adam and Eve, yet ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

How to accurately compare OT to NT words?

In reading the Bible, I can run across the same English word used in both the OT and the NT. But I am sure it would be incorrect to look up either a Hebrew or Greek definition and impose that upon the ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Psalm 46.10. Be still and know that I am God. What does it mean?

He says, “Be still, and know that I am God; I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth.” I am interested in the meaning and context of ‘be still’ and ‘know’. I ‘...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Grammatical analysis of יֶ֧רֶךְ הַמִּזְבֵּ֛חַ צָפֹ֖נָה in Leviticus 1:11

If we trust Biblehub's parsing information, yerek is in the construct form, hammizbeah is in the absolute form with the definite article, and saponah is in the absolute form with a 3FS possessive ...
3
votes
2answers
127 views

What is shekhar?

«And the nesekh (libation offering) thereof shall be the fourth-hin for the one keves: baKodesh (i.e., the Mizbe'ach) shalt thou cause the nesekh shekhar to be poured out unto Hashem.» ‭‭Bamidbar‬ ‭...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Difference of words in Genesis 6:21

Why did Moses used 2 different words in Genesis 6:21 when writing about the food Noah was to bring aboard the Ark? The first one is "maakal" meaning "food". The next one is "okleh" meaning "food for ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Difference of words in Genesis 6:7 and Genesis 6:17

Why did Moses used 2 different words in Genesis 6:7 and 17 when writing about the consequences of the Great Flood? The first one is "machah" meaning "to exterminate". The next one is "shachath" ...
4
votes
2answers
58 views

Subject of verb וְנִרְצָ֥ה in Leviticus 1:4

(Leviticus 1:4, KJV) And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him. A priori, I would have expected the subject of ...
2
votes
3answers
41 views

2Ch 16:9 whose heart is perfect toward him. What does this mean? How does one get his heart perfect before God?

2Ch 16:9  For the eyes of the LORD run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to shew himself strong in the behalf of them whose heart is perfect toward him. Herein thou hast done foolishly: therefore ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Does Genesis 3:1 imply that God did not create serpents?

Genesis 3:1 says Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made... [The New King James Version. (1982). (Ge 3:1). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.] In English, ...
6
votes
2answers
319 views

How should we understand Gen 31:24 in view of the context (i.e., Laban speaks to Jacob) and an apparent Hebrew language nuance?

How should we understand Gen 31:24 in view of the context (i.e., Laban speaks to Jacob) and an apparent Hebrew language nuance? The King James Version (“KJV”) provides a marginal note at Gen 31:24 ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

ConjPerf vs ConjImperf vs ConsecImperf parsing

My question regards the parsing of verbs on the Biblehub website's interlinear Hebrew Bible. What do the ConjPerf/ConjImperf/ConsecImperf labels mean? Let me post an example of each, with the ...
1
vote
2answers
35 views

What does “for” mean in Psalm 25:11?

Psalm 25:11 For thy name's sake, O LORD, pardon mine iniquity; for it is great. What is the meaning of for in this verse? which word can be substituted instead of for to get the most accurate ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

What does the word “for” mean and imply in Psalms 18:17?

Psalm 18:17 He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them which hated me: for they were too strong for me. Can for in this verse be translated because? Did God deliver David because his ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

In Psalm 23:6 why is the word God /θεοῦ added in the LXX but lacking in the Hebrew Psalm 24:6 in it's equivalent אלהים?

LXX Psa 24:6  (23:6) αὕτη ἡ γενεὰ ζητούντων αὐτόν, ζητούντων τὸ πρόσωπον τοῦ θεοῦ Ιακωβ. διάψαλμα.  Hebrew Text Psa 24:6  זה דור דרשׁו מבקשׁי פניך יעקב סלה׃  This in some ways, while it in ...
4
votes
1answer
42 views

Why does YLT change the tense of Judges 6:14

Judges 6:14 in KJV and most other translation is in future tense And the LORD looked upon him, and said, Go in this thy might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites: have ...
5
votes
2answers
96 views

Why is אתך in Genesis 24:40 pointed אִתָּךְ rather than אִתְּךָ?

וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָי יְהוָה אֲשֶׁר הִתְהַלַּכְתִּי לְפָנָיו יִשְׁלַח מַלְאָכוֹ אִתָּךְ וְהִצְלִיחַ דַּרְכֶּךָ וְלָקַחְתָּ אִשָּׁה לִבְנִי מִמִּשְׁפַּחְתִּי וּמִבֵּית אָבִי In context, the person being ...
2
votes
3answers
55 views

Onward to Shinar: From the East or to the East?

Here are the choices...and of course, they are opposites: ESV Genesis 11:2 And as people migrated from the east, they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there. NET Genesis 11:2 When the ...
5
votes
3answers
68 views

To whom does 'righteous' refer in Psalm 14:5?

It is not clear to me what Psalm 14:5 means. Here are the translations I am referring to : Green's Literal : For God [is] in the generation righteous (Interlinear Literal) For God [is] in the ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

What is the difference between “the law” in John 1:17 & “the law” in Galatians 4:21

John 1:17 For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. Here the scripture says law was given through Moses. And again from Galatians 4:21-22 Tell me, you who ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

What does the phrase “drive out” mean in Numbers 33:55?

In the context of Numbers 33:55, what is the meaning of the Hebrew word translated “drive out”? 55 But if you do not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you, then those of them whom ...
4
votes
6answers
195 views

In what sense did Job see God? (Job 42:5)

I had heard about you with my ears, but now my eye sees you; — ‭‭(Job)‬ ‭42:5‬ ‭ Given that in some situations no man can see God and live (Exodus 33:20), yet in other situations God is seen and ...
5
votes
2answers
82 views

What does the lamed prefix in Song of Songs 1:3 mean?

Song of Songs 1:2-3 יִשָּׁקֵ֙נִי֙ מִנְּשִׁיקֹ֣ות פִּ֔יהוּ כִּֽי־טֹובִ֥ים דֹּדֶ֖יךָ מִיָּֽיִן׃ לְרֵ֙יחַ֙ שְׁמָנֶ֣יךָ טֹובִ֔ים שֶׁ֖מֶן תּוּרַ֣ק שְׁמֶ֑ךָ עַל־כֵּ֖ן עֲלָמֹ֥ות אֲהֵבֽוּךָ׃ (...
-2
votes
2answers
113 views

Does Job 38:13-14 say that God sees the earth “as a clay seal”?

Is G d seeing the earth as one big clay/wax seal or is He being misleading to suggest that it looks this way or is He just operating within the cosmology of those alive then despite it conflicting ...
4
votes
1answer
216 views

Why does the LXX translate דֹּדֶ֖יךָ as μαστοί in Song of Songs 1:2?

Song of Songs 1:2 Hebrew: יִשָּׁקֵ֙נִי֙ מִנְּשִׁיקֹ֣ות פִּ֔יהוּ כִּֽי־טֹובִ֥ים דֹּדֶ֖יךָ מִיָּֽיִן׃ KJV: Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine. ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

In Numbers 23:21 what is the “shout of a king among them”?

What is meant by "the shout of the King is among them"? Does it suggest that the King/YHVH is doing the shouting? Or are the shouts laudatory? Or is it just a parallel with the previous phrase, that ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

In the NIV translation of Genesis 3:6 is the phrase “with her” a sound reasonable translation? [duplicate]

Most commentators indicate that the words "with her" are an inaccurate rendering. Please resolve the conflicting opinions on the phrase "with her". When God addressed Adam In Genesis 3:17 He did not ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Isa 28:12 hebrew word margeah (meaning - refreshing) translated to greek suntrimma (meaning -destruction) why?

In Isaiah 28:12 we have ToH413 whomH834 he said,H559 ThisH2063 is the restH4496 wherewith ye may cause the wearyH5889 to rest;H5117 and thisH2063 is the refreshing:H4774 yet they wouldH14 notH3808 ...
6
votes
3answers
115 views

What does צבאות actually mean, and why was it only ever transliterated into Greek and not translated?

Revelation 4:8 (DRB) And the four living creatures had each of them six wings; and round about and within they are full of eyes. And they rested not day and night, saying: Holy, holy, holy, Lord ...
-2
votes
2answers
77 views

Do Greek and Hebrew words have only one meaning in scripture regardless of the context?

Is it a legitimate linguistic feature within scriptures that the words of scripture only have one meaning each? For example, the KJV translates Strong's G1242 in the following manner: covenant (20x), ...
2
votes
3answers
92 views

The meaning of “know” in the Bible

I am wondering about the use of "know" in the sexual sense in the Hebrew Bible (e.g., "[Cain] knew his wife" in Gen. 4:17). Is this an euphemism by the first translators into English, or was this ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

What does mean 'dahm' in Deuteronomy 32:14?

Here the text: Butter of cattle, and cholov tzon, with fat of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan, and goats, with chittah (wheat) as fat as kidneys; and thou didst drink the pure dahm of the ...
-1
votes
1answer
47 views

Is “Shaul” just a bad translation of “Saul”? [closed]

Are "Shaul" and "Saul" the same name?
1
vote
2answers
83 views

How is Malachi 1:11 to be understood?

Early Christians linked the sacrifice of the Eucharist with the sacrifice described in Malachi 1. In the King James Version, this passage relevant reads 10 ... I have no pleasure in you, saith the ...
6
votes
3answers
107 views

What does “fear of the Lord” in 2 Chronicles 14:13-15 mean?

2 Chronicles 14:13-15 13 Asa and the people who were with him pursued them as far as Gerar, and the Ethiopians fell until none remained alive, for they were broken before the Lord and his army. ...