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Questions tagged [hebrew]

The language in which the Jewish Scriptures (Tanakh) -- or the "Old Testament" in Christian Bibles -- were written.

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What does mean 'dahm' in Deuteronomy 32:14?

Here the text: «Butter of cattle, and cholov tzon, with fat of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan, and goats, with chittah (wheat) as fat as kidneys; and thou didst drink the pure dahm of the ...
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Is “Shaul” just a bad translation of “Saul”?

Are "Shaul" and "Saul" the same name?
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How is Malachi 1:11 to be understood?

Early Christians linked the sacrifice of the Eucharist with the sacrifice described in Malachi 1. In the King James Version, this passage relevant reads 10 ... I have no pleasure in you, saith the ...
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In Genesis 9:15 what does the covenant promise about floods?

Long before Abraham there was Noah and this covenant: [Gen 9:15-16 NIV] 15 I will remember my covenant between me and you and all living creatures of every kind. Never again will the waters become ...
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In Creation account especially Genesis 1:1-3 and 1:26, why “elohim” and “us' and ”our" are plural? [duplicate]

My question is different from question why "elohim" is translated as singular "God" and not plural "Gods", because I like present a talking about about it is not "Elohim" is the subject, but "Elohim" ...
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Can we assume scripture/history will repeat itself due to Ecclesiastes 1:9?

I'm intrigued by this verse in Ecclesiastes: 9 What has been will be again, what has been done will be done again; there is nothing new under the sun. Ecclesiastes 1:9 NIV However, in ...
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What is the correct translation of 1 Chronicles 23:13?

The King James Version (ed. 1769) translates 1 Chronicles 23:13 as follows: The sons of Amram; Aaron and Moses: and Aaron was separated, that he should sanctify the most holy things, he and his ...
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What is the correct translation of Numbers 28:10?

The King James Version (ed. 1769) translates Numbers 28:10 as follows, This is the burnt offering of every sabbath, beside the continual burnt offering, and his drink offering. The Hebrew text ...
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בַּת צִיּוֹן in the Tanakh—Genitive of possession (Zion’s daughter) or appositional genitive (daughter Zion)?

In 2 Kings 19:21 (and other verses containing the phrase), should the phrase בַּת צִיּוֹן (bat Tzion) be understood as a genitive of possession (Zion’s daughter) or a genitive of apposition, equating ...
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In Zechariah 13:7 why does the LORD refer to the messiah as his “neighbor”?

In this amazing prediction of the events of the first century it refers to the death of the Shepherd of his People (Messiah, son of David) arranged by God, after which he will turn his attention to ...
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Is the “cock that crows” in Luke 22:34 not an actual rooster but a man that calls for prayer?

https://news.ag.org/Features/Sometimes-a-Rooster-is-Not-a-Rooster This article from the Assemblies of God relates how ancient Jewish phrases in the Bible can be taken too literally and not understood ...
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What are the highest heavens in Nehemiah 9:6?

The Masoretic text of Nehemia 9:6 reads: אַתָּה־ה֣וּא יְהֹוָה֮ לְבַדֶּ֒ךָ֒ את אַתָּ֣ה עָשִׂ֡יתָ אֶֽת־הַשָּׁמַ֩יִם֩ שְׁמֵ֨י הַשָּׁמַ֜יִם וְכׇל־צְבָאָ֗ם הָאָ֜רֶץ וְכׇל־אֲשֶׁ֤ר עָלֶ֙יהָ֙ הַיַּמִּים֙ ...
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Elohim at Genesis 1:1: subject or object?

My question is about the alternative interpretation given on page 110, note 22 of this excerpt of the Zohar, Pritzker Edition. The note posits that אלהים might have been created by the unnameable ...
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In 2 Samuel 23:20 who were the “Lion Men of Moab”?

I have stumbled upon a passage in Scriptures (KJV) that spoke about a couple of "lion men" of Moab or specifically, "Ariels" that were killed along with a lion in 2 Samuel 23:20: [2Sa 23:20 KJV] ...
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In Deuteronomy 10:17, are both אלהי and אדני plural or singular? If plural, how come they do not have ם at the end?

In Deuteronomy 10:17, it is written, כִּי יהוה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם הוּא אֱלֹהֵי הָאֱלֹהִים וַאֲדֹנֵי הָאֲדֹנִים הָאֵל הַגָּדֹל הַגִּבֹּר וְהַנּוֹרָא אֲשֶׁר לֹא יִשָּׂא פָנִים וְלֹא יִקַּח שֹׁחַד Are both ...
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JEHOVAH TSIDKENU - why is 'our' inserted in the English bible?

Jeremiah 23:6b is translated in the KJV as : 'And this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. In the margin of the KJV is the following : 'Heb. Jehovah-Tsidkenu'. ...
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What does the word גִּיד (giyd) mean in Ezekiel 37:8?

MT Hebrew from Blue Letter Bible: וְרָאִיתִי וְהִנֵּֽה־עֲלֵיהֶם גִּדִים וּבָשָׂר עָלָה וַיִּקְרַם עֲלֵיהֶם עֹור מִלְמָעְלָה וְרוּחַ אֵין בָּהֶֽם׃ Most translations, such as NIV have tendons/sinews,...
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Is the Hebrew word בוראיך in Ecclesiastes 12:1 singular or plural?

About Ecclesiastes 12:1 וזכר את בוראיך בימי בחורתיך עד אשר לא יבאו ימי הרעה והגיעו שנים אשר תאמר אין לי בהם חפץ׃ Is the Hebrew word בוראיך in Ecclesiastes 12:1 singular or plural? Which letter or ...
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What kind of fish swallowed Jonah (Jonah 1:17)?

Unfortunately, even my own Christian sister thinks that the whale swallowing Jonah was only figurative. But so far, this is what I have found: A Great Fish Swallows Jonah 1:17 [c] And the Lord ...
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Are the meanings of El and Elohe in Genesis 33:20 different or same? If different, how do they different?

Genesis 33:20 "ויצב שם מזבח ויקרא לו אל אלהי ישראל׃" The context of Genesis 33:20 is Genesis 33:18-20 "18After Jacob had come from Paddan-aram, he arrived safely at the city of Shechem in the ...
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Job 9:13 and the word “Rahab?”

I’ve seen plenty of dispute over the meaning of the word “Rahab” in Job 9:13. (not Rahab the prostitute) It can mean “haughty,” but it also can mean “sea monster” (like the word “Leviathan” in Job 3:...
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In Isaiah 9:6, why is “Eternal Father” the preferred translation rather than the more literal “Father of Eternity”?

I wanted to know why most translations seem to use "Eternal (or Everlasting) Father" and others use "Father of Eternity" in Isaiah 9:6. I found the following statement in an answer to a different ...
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In Job 26:5 why are Rephaim under the ocean?

YLT Job 26:5 The Rephaim are formed, Beneath the waters, also their inhabitants.
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In Exodus 32:6, what was the nature of the pagan revelry of the Israelites?

What sort of "revelry" did they indulge in while Moses was up on the mountain getting the 10 Commandments? (Exodus 32:6) And they rose up early the next day and offered burnt offerings and brought ...
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In Isaiah 6:2 whose face and feet are the Seraphim covering with their wings?

In reading Isaiah 6:2 the translation is generally "with two he covered his face" and also "with two he covered his feet" - meaning that the Seraphim are hiding their own faces and feet from either ...
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In Genesis 1:1 is “elohim” a personal proper name, a title, or a common noun?

Is Elohim in Genesis 1:1 a personal proper name, a title, or a common noun?: KJV Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. Since the verb in Genesis 1:1 is singular ...
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Can שֵׁם mean “title” in Exodus 20:7?

Exodus 20:7 You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave anyone unpunished who takes His name in vain. I could not understand why misusing the personal ...
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Why are the letters of the Hebrew alphabet also words? [closed]

Why are the names of the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet also meaningful words? For examples, aleph means ox, beth means tent or house, gimmel means heal or ankle or camel, etc.? Why the order of ...
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Does the fact that Nineveh was not destroyed after 40 days (Jonah 3:4) represent an unfulfilled prophecy by God?

Was God’s announcement to the Ninevites unfulfilled, since He changed His mind?: KJV Jonah 3:10 And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil, that he ...
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Exodus 20:26 Don't Put a Stumblingblock [closed]

How would private parts be exposed on altar steps? Exodus 20:26 (NIV) And do not go up to my altar on steps, or your private parts may be exposed.
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In Judges 15:20 what does it mean that Samson “judged” Israel for twenty years?

KJV Judges 15:20 And he [Samson] judged Israel in the days of the Philistines twenty years. To read Samson's story is to watch a man of action, always anxious to be in the action. At least in the KJV,...
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Judah's Defeat of Moab and Amnon [closed]

After battling Moab and Ammon, what feelings are expressed by Jehoshaphat and the people? How do they celebrate? 2 Chronicles 20
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Should “A Psalm of David” be written as “A Psalm to David”?

It has recently been said to me that the Hebrew phrase for "A Psalm to David", which appears at the beginning of many Psalms, should actually be translated "A Psalm to David". The Hebrew text for "...
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Should Jehovah or Yahweh be the English text of the New Testament? [closed]

Should God’s name Jehovah or Yahweh appear in the English New Testament text were there is a quote from the Old Testament, for example at Matthew 22:44 & Romans 10:13? Roman 10:13 “For all ...
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How should Isaiah 59:19 be translated and understood?

YLT Isaiah 59:19 And they fear from the west the name of Jehovah, And from the rising of the sun -- His honour, When come in as a flood doth an adversary, The Spirit of Jehovah hath raised an ensign ...
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Possible reading of Isaiah 45:11b

Is this a possible rendering of this verse: "ask Me of things to come concerning my sons, and command the works of My hands" (as Joshua did, for example; Josh 10:12)
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What is the meaning of the Hebrew words “temunah” and “adameh” as translated in the KJV, particularly in Numbers 12:8?

I have an assignment on the meaning behind the King James Version translation of Numbers 12:8: With him [Moses] will I speak mouth to mouth, even apparently, and not in dark speeches; and the ...
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In Judges 3:16 what is the length of a “gomed”?

In Judges 3:16, Ehud's sword or dagger was said to be a gomed in length. How long is a gomed? I'm aware some translations have cubit, but if it was a cubit, why wasn't the Hebrew word for cubit used?
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Why did ancient people think that mountains have roots?

The Bible mentions in Jonah 2:6 and Job 28:9 that mountains have roots. Why would they believe that? Edit: I was more interested as to why, in the absence of any evidence, they would think so. What ...
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Is Proverbs 25:20 about singing songs to an “evil” heart or to a “sad” one?

Proverbs 25: 20 (NASB, literal translation in bold) "Like one who takes off a garment on a cold day, or like vinegar on natron, Is he who sings songs to an evil heart." I didn't understand this when ...
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Why do the King James and some other versions translate וְשַׁ֣בְתִּֽי as “And I returned”? (Ecclesiastes 4:1)

King James and some other versions translated וְשַׁ֣בְתִּֽי as "And I returned" whereas many other versions translated it differently. I further observed all the oppression that goes on under the ...
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In Proverbs 31:1 what is meant by “oracle” (מַשָּׂא, χρηματισμός)?

NET Bible Proverbs 31:1 The words of King Lemuel, an oracle (מַשָּׂא) that his mother taught him: LXX οἱ ἐμοὶ λόγοι εἴρηνται ὑπὸ θεοῦ βασιλέως χρηματισμός ὃν ἐπαίδευσεν ἡ μήτηρ αὐτοῦ BHS ...
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What is Job's complaint in Job 24:1?

Young's Literal has this: YLT Job 24:1 Wherefore from the Mighty One Times have not been hidden, And those knowing Him have not seen His days. There seems to be some concern about the "times" ...
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What is Job 24:22 saying about the rich and powerful?

Some take this to say that God establishes the powerful, others that he "drags them away". The ESV says God "prolongs" the life of the rich and powerful: ESV Job 24:22: Yet God prolongs the life ...
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What is the best manner to translate the 1 Sam 5:4’s expression (רק דגון נשׁאר עליו) between 'the trunk of Dagon' or 'the fish part of Dagon'?

What is the best manner to translate the 1 Sam 5:4’s expression (רק דגון נשׁאר עליו), commonly translated in two different manners, that is (a) ‘the stump (or, ‘base’, ‘trunk’) of Dagon’ [NAB, NASB, ...
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Genesis 2:24 - is the joining / clinging between man and wife in the active or passive tense?

Some translations of Genesis 2:24 (eg NKJV) say: Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh. While others (eg KJV) use the active ...
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In Psalm 82:1 who are in the “congregation” and who are the “gods”?

How should we understand Psalm 82:1? God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods. Who is the congregation? And who are the gods? According to other answers here ...
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In Isaiah 44:6, to whom is the second usage of the word Lord referring?

Isaiah 44:6 (KJV) 6 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God. The word LORD in both cases in ...
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In Psalm 110 verse 5; to whom does the word Lord refer?

Psalm 110:4-5 (KJV) 4 The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek. 5 The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of ...
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Did Moses have horns according to Exodus 34?

(Exodus 34:30) וירא אהרן וכל־בני ישראל את־משה והנה קרן עור פניו וייראו מגשת אליו׃ (DRB) And Aaron and the children of Israel seeing the face of Moses horned, were afraid to come near. (KJV) ...