Questions tagged [hebrew]

The language in which the Jewish Scriptures (Tanakh) -- or the "Old Testament" in Christian Bibles -- were written.

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When should names (people and places) be translated versus transliterated?

When should names be translated or transliterated? For example, why do translations say "En-Gedi" instead "Spring of the Young Goat". The same could be said for "Adam" whose name literally means "Man"....
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The word, וּמִבַּלְעָדָיו, in the Hebrew translation of χωρὶς in John 1:3

Hoping I can ask about a modern Hebrew translation. I'm trying to understand the Hebrew word וּמִבַּלְעָדָיו [from ha-Berit ha-ḥadashah. (2000). (John 1:3). Israel: The Bible Society in Israel. ...
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How do I use the English index in Gesenius's Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon?

Recently acquired the book Gesenius's Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon, from H. W. F. Geneius. While trying to search the word angel, I've gone to the English index and, associated with angel, could read ...
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Proverbs 27:13 B, NASB: “And for an adulterous woman hold him in pledge.”

I have read previous Q&A about this verse, but they seem to be completely focused on the issue of the foolishness of guaranteeing the loan of a stranger. The part that I don't quite comprehend is ...
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Why is “אֱלהִים” (Elohim) spelt like god ha-yam (El the sea), with no “o” sound, in Genesis and Exodus?

Shouldn't it be spelt אֱלוהִים? Is there some reason it's not? I did some googling but could only find pages on other topics. Apologies if I missed something.
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Why are the “daughters of Jerusalem” always treated as grammatically masculine in Song of Songs?

According to Bible Hub's Interlinear Bible, in Songs 1:6, "do not look at me" Songs 2:7 and 3:5, "that you do not wake and that you do not awaken love" likewise Songs 8:4, "do ...
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The Holy Spirit in 1 Samuel 19

This story is problematic for me. Does the Holy Spirit overrule people's will? (I don't think so, but
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Job 20:7 How approriate is the Ancient Hebrew translation of the word “refuse” or “dung” that is used in Job 20:7?

Job 20:7 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 7 He perishes forever like his refuse; Those who have seen him will say, ‘Where is he?’ Job 20:7 English Standard Version (ESV) 7 he ...
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Is God speaking to Jesus Christ in Genesis 1:3?

I came across this translation of the Bible, https://www.scripture4all.org/OnlineInterlinear/Hebrew_Index.htm, and the following phrase really jumped out at me: Genesis 1:3: and he-is-saying Elohim ...
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In Hosea 7:11, what is the most accurate translation of the verse?

In Hosea 7:11, what is the most accurate translation?, For I read some Arabic and English translations, beside the Hebrew text, I found variations in the meaning. For example: Did Ephraim (become) ...
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How to understand Isaiah 44:1&2?

. Isaiah 44:1 NASB But now listen, O Jacob, My servant, And Israel, whom I have chosen: וְעַתָּה שְׁמַע, יַעֲקֹב עַבְדִּי; וְיִשְׂרָאֵל, בָּחַרְתִּי בוֹ. י Isaiah 44:2 NASB Thus says the ...
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What are the banner-bearers in Songs 6:4 and 6:10, and why is the word feminine?

In Song of Songs 6, verses 4 and 10, the woman is described as כַּנִּדְגָּלֽוֹת אֲיֻמָּ֖ה, "awesome as the banner-exalting [ones]", with the participle "banner-exalting" being feminine plural. I think ...
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What does “Jesus is Lord” look like in Hebrew? [closed]

I have done a lot of research on this topic and I discovered that there are two different ways to showcase "Jesus Is Lord" in Hebrew, and the following are the particular renderings from two different ...
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Why is there no היא in the Torah?

On an intriguing statement from a friend, I started looking for the feminine pronoun for she היא in the Tanakh. One thing I noticed was that I couldn't find it in the Torah. I did find it fairly ...
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Who are the 144,000 in the Revelation chapters 7 and 14?

who are the 144,000 mentioned in the Bible. Will they be the only ones to rise to meet Christ at that time?
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Why is the name for God אֱלּוֹהִים (Elohim) plural? [closed]

If Old Testament Judaism was a monotheistic religion, and Yahweh wanted to distinguish the Hebrews from their neighboring countries' polytheistic religions, why is His name אֱלוֹהִים (Elohim) plural? ...
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What is the literary term used to describe the common Hebrew idiom in which the extremes are given to represent the whole?

Often in the Bible (particularly the Hebrew portions) a certain figure of speech is used in which two extremes are given to represent the whole. I can't remember what it is called. Examples include ...
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Possible alternative grammar of Songs 6:12

Song of Songs 6:12 (לא ידעתי נפשי שמתני מרכבות עמי־נדיב) is usually translated according to the following grammatical structure: "I know not, my soul hath set me in chariots of my noble people." But ...
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In Genesis 18:21 is the LORD's purpose in personally visiting Sodom to see if they will abuse him?

[Gen 18:21 YLT] (21) I go down now, and see whether according to its cry which is coming unto Me they have done completely -- and if not -- I know;' We know that the men of Sodom did in fact attempt ...
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Psalm 104:30 grammar

Does the grammar in Psalm 104:30 support what is to come, as opposed to what has happened in the past? From my extremely basic understanding it supports what is to come, but I want to be sure. 30 ...
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Psalm 23:2 - Why is “pastures of grass” translated to “green pastures” (or similar)?

In interlinear translations, it seems that the most direct translation of the phrase "green pastures" (seen in common translations such as ESV, NIV, KJV, etc.) is "pastures of grass". Other commonly ...
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A question about the word שׁוֹשָׁן (lilies) in I Kings 7:22,26

The record in Kings - I Kings 7:22 and 26 - of 'lily work', on the top of the two pillars, Jachin and Boaz, in the temple that Solomon built, uses the Hebrew word shoshan (as noted by Robert Young in ...
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Psalm 96 (95) Why does the LXX translate אלילים as δαιμόνια?

Psalm 96 (95) v. 5 (Westminister Leningrad Codex) כִּ֤י ׀ כָּל־אֱלֹהֵ֣י הָעַמִּ֣ים אֱלִילִ֑ים וַֽ֝יהוָ֗ה שָׁמַ֥יִם עָשָֽׂה׃ (LXX) ὅτι πάντες οἱ θεοὶ τῶν ἐθνῶν δαιμόνια, ὁ δὲ κύριος τοὺς ...
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Should there be a comma between “Wonderful” and “Counselor” in Isa. 9:6?

Isaiah 9:6 says: For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father,...
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In Job 33:23 what does “what constitutes his uprightness” mean?

Job 33: 23 אִם־יֵשׁ עָלָיו׀ מַלְאָךְ מֵלִיץ אֶחָד מִנִּי־אָלֶף לְהַגִּיד לְאָדָם יָשְׁרֹו׃ NET 23 If there is an angel beside him, one mediator out of a thousand, to tell a person what ...
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Is Psalm 121:1 a question or an assertion?

I don't read Hebrew and I'm wondering why Psalm 121:1 is posed by so many translators as a question instead of an assertion: https://www.blueletterbible.org/nlt/psa/121/1/s_599001 It seems to me ...
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In Psalm 22:20 is there a change to singular animals?

In Psalm 22 the Messiah refers to his enemies in the plural until verse 20. Is the singular in verse 20 a particular singular enemy or is this still the same plural referent only singular in form? Is ...
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In David's curse of Joab in 2 Samuel 3:29 what is intended by “takes hold of a distaff”?

2 Sam 3:29 NASB "May it fall (whirl) on the head of Joab and on all his father’s house; and may there not fail from the house of Joab one who has a discharge, or who is a leper, or who takes hold ...
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In Psalm 37:23, who delights in whose way?

There are many different takes on how this verse should be translated. Does the LORD delight in the godly man's path or does the godly man enjoy his own path?: Translations for Psa 37:23 KJV ...
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In Exodus 13:17, is the uncertainty of outcome part of the meaning of the Hebrew word 'peradventure'/'might' is serving as translation of?

Exodus 13:17 reads, in my Bible: And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said,...
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Isaiah 14:6 - KJV/NKJV disagrees with other translations?

Below are different English Bible translations of Isaiah 14:5-6. Verse 5 is included for context. KJV 5The LORD hath broken the staff of the wicked, and the sceptre of the rulers. 6He who smote ...
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What is the difference between **power ( כֹּחַ )** and **might ( חַיִל )** in Zechariah 4:6?

What is the difference between power ( כֹּחַ ) and might ( חַיִל ) in Zechariah 4:6? I was studying the verse with interlinear bibleand got these words power - koach ( כֹּחַ ) which means --> a ...
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A male child is born to us

Is there a difference, even very small, in the meaning of: A male child is born to us. vs A male child has been born to us. The "is born" is rather unusual in English. What is the best ...
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In which language was the name “Jesus” written and how was it pronounced in Matthew 1:1 first?

In which language was the name "Jesus" written and how was it pronounced in Matthew 1:1 first? This question is asked to find out if the claims of Nehemiah Gordon in his book The Naming of Jesus in ...
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Is there a word in hebrew that sounds like “ya seen/ya sin”? [closed]

If it's exists, what does it mean? Is it moon god? tried to search lots of online translator site but none of them support text-to-speech or speech-to-text correctly.
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Ex 12:18-19 | Hebrew Breakdown of 7-Days of Unleavened Bread

Ex 12:18 'In the first [month,] on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. Ex 12:19 'Seven days there shall be ...
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In the Shema, how should we understand “with all your strength” when the Hebrew word מְאֹ֑ד is rarely used this way?

In Deuteronomy 6:5, the Hebrew text reads "and with all your might"(ESV). Most English translations take this as "strength" or "might." The LXX uses a common word for power/strength/might and Mark's ...
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How should the 2fs form of amar be understood in Psalm 16:2

Psalm 16:2 reads: אָמַרְתְּ לַיהוָה אֲדֹנָי אָתָּה טוֹבָתִי בַּל-עָלֶיךָ אָמַרְתְּ is 2fs in form. I was curious about how to understand this. Looking around, most translations seem to understand ...
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Is “the bread is in effect common” (1 Samuel 21:5) as translated by the NKJV accurate?

The MT reads: וַיַּ֩עַן֩ דָּוִ֨ד אֶת־הַכֹּהֵ֜ן וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ כִּ֣י אִם־אִשָּׁ֤ה עֲצֻֽרָה־לָ֙נוּ֙ כִּתְמ֣וֹל שִׁלְשֹׁ֔ם בְּצֵאתִ֕י וַיִּהְי֥וּ כְלֵֽי־הַנְּעָרִ֖ים קֹ֑דֶשׁ וְהוּא֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ חֹ֔ל ...
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Interpretations and translations of a Moises speech

I study Latin and I don't understand this sentence "absumat ebria sitientem", found in deuteronomy:29:19 Context (just before the sentence): [because when such a person hears the words of this oath, ...
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In Psalm 90:2 is “from age to age” a restatement of “in generation after generation”?

[Psa 90:1-2 YLT] (1) A Prayer of Moses, the man of God. Lord [ADONAY], a habitation Thou -- Thou hast been, To us -- in generation and generation, (2) Before mountains were brought forth, And Thou ...
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Was Isaiah loved 'from the pit', Isaiah 38:17?

I noticed that the KJV gives Isaiah 38:17 as : ... thou hast in love to my soul delivered it from the pit of corruption ... [KJV] in which the addition, in italics, changes the meaning ...
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Origin of Pleonastic Phrasology in the Bible

I noticed a phraseology in the King James Version of the bible that is strange to a modern English speaker. It involves two forms of the same word in close proximity in a sentence. Before posting this ...
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What is the proper translation of the Hebrew word רוּחַ (ruach) in Genesis 3:8?

I recently discovered during the initial stage of study of the word “spirit” that the Hebrew word רוּחַ (ruach) in Genesis 3:8 is translated into English as “cool.” 8 And they heard the voice of ...
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Is there a contradiction between 1 Samuel 15:29 and 1 Samuel 15:35?

The same verb root נ-ח-ם conjugated in binyan Nifʿal, referring to the same subject (i.e., God), occurs in both 1 Sam. 15:29 and 1 Sam. 15:35, the first occurrence being a negation, while the second ...
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What is the power of Christ (2 Cor 12:9)

“And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon ...
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What is the meaning of Isaiah 45:7?

In Isaiah 45:7, it is written that God forms light, creates darkness, makes peace, and creates evil. 7 I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these ...
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Who were before and afterwards, the mighty men or the sons of God? Genesis 6:4

What I am not asking I am not asking who the giants are, nor, who the sons of God are. Nor am I asking what the event was that marks the before and afterwards. Question In view of this passage ...
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Is Jeremiah 18:2 grammatically incorrect?

This may seem like an insignificant question but I was wondering why the Hebrew "וְשָׁ֖מָּה" which is feminine appears in Jeremiah 18:2 to refer to "בֵּ֣ית" which is masculine: קוּם וְיָרַדְתָּ ...
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What are the “these things” referred to in 1 Timothy 4:15?

What are the "these things" referred to in 1 Timothy 4:15 Meditate upon these things; give thyself wholly to them; that thy profiting may appear to all. ? Is this the same word used in ...

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