Questions tagged [hebrew]

The language in which the Jewish Scriptures (Tanakh) -- or the "Old Testament" in Christian Bibles -- were written.

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Help on getting a Greek new testament and a Hebrew Bible [closed]

Can I receive some help? I'm currently learning biblical Languages and don't have any physical copies of the critical NA28 text and the BHS. I'm in a country with no access to physical copies of these ...
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Is Genesis 1:27 same event as in Genesis 2:22?

Is Genesis 1:27 same event as in Genesis 2:22. Are the both account about Adam being made? So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. (...
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Joshua 4:9 Until this day! What day is that?

9 And Joshua set up twelve stones in the midst of Jordan, in the place where the feet of the priests which bare the ark of the covenant stood: and they are there unto this day. Joshua 4:9 King James ...
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Job 2:1 a certain day or a day

The wording in LXX is on a certain day which is nowhere else to be found; Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan came also among them to ...
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Malachi 4:6 KJV curse or ESV destruction

It's two differences in the end of Malachi 4 in KJV and ESV as follows; And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and ...
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Does Proverbs teach that all pride is evil? (Prov. 16:18–19)

The following verses seem to indicate that all pride is evil: 18Pride goes before ruin, Arrogance, before failure. 19Better to be humble and among the lowly Than to share spoils with the ...
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Psalm 16:10: hell vs Sheol vs realm of the dead

Psalm 16:10 King James Bible For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. New King James Version For You will not leave my soul in Sheol, Nor ...
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Why does Nehemiah 1:5 in the NIV translate הַבְּרִית֙ וָחֶ֔סֶד “HaB'rit va-Chesed” as “[His] Covenant [of Love]”?

In Nehemiah 1:5 of the NIV Bible, we read a phrase : "[who] keeps [His] Covenant [of love]". Is וָחֶ֔סֶד "va-Chesed" really describing the type of Covenant? Why does Nehemiah 1:5 ...
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How should we translate אֵלַ֛י in Job 42:7?

most translations translate "of/about me" for you have not spoken of me what is right, as my servant Job has. (in Job 42:7, ESV) for you have not spoken the truth about Me as did My ...
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Amos 6:3 Sabbath or Seat?

Amos 6:3 has a different reading between the Masoretic Text (MT) and Septuagint (LXX). Seat; Ye that put far away the evil day, and cause the seat of violence to come near; (Amos 6:3 - KJV) (Read KJV)...
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convention for counting days - “on the third day”

Many times the phrase on the Xth day is used i.e. 22 When it was told Laban on the third day that Jacob had fled, Genesis 31:22 Does this mean a) Jacob fled + 2 days then Laban was notified b) Jacob ...
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Is Jesus in Matthew 23:37 quoting 2 Esdras 1:30?

O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her ...
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John 4:25 Verbatim or scribe added text

The woman said to him, “I know that Messiah [#G3323] is coming (he who is called Christ) [#G5547]. When he comes, he will tell us all things.” (John 4:25) ESV. λεγει αυτω η γυνη οιδα οτι μεσσιας ...
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Numbers 22:20 - “Since” or “if”?

Lots of translations translate Numbers 22:20 as: That night God came to Balaam and said, “Since these men have come to summon you, get up and go with them, but you must only do what I tell you.” ...
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What does Psalm 1:1 mean to walk not in the counsel of the wicked?

Blessed is the man who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked or stand in the way of sinners or sit in the seat of mockers (Psalm 1:1 NIV) What is this "counsel"? Edit: I have now found ...
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What is the “logos” in Hebrews 4:12? [duplicate]

What is the “logos” in Hebrews 4:12? I know this question has been asked here before but I dont understand. Would you help me? In the original Greek the verse says: Zon gar o logos tou theou kai ...
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What does Chuwa mean?

And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the Lord. Gen 4:1 Alive/life = חי (chai). .... = חוה (chuwa) ?
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How should Christians approach or view the ethnics and morality of the Old Testament? [closed]

The Old Testament is undoubtedly fundamentally different to the new especially when it comes to the nature of God, in the Old Testament God orders the murder of men, of women and of children but in ...
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Psalm 9:16 Haggaion & Selah

How shall these two words properly be understod? The Lord is known by the judgment which he executeth: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands. Higgaion. Selah. (Psalm 9:16 KJV) Are the ...
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Hebrews 1:6 “Proskuneo” & Psalm 2:12 “Kiss the son”

I studied trough The Book of Hebrews chapter 1 and found the word worship προσκυνησ proskyneō literal means ""to kiss and was immediately thinking of Psalm 2:12 "Kiss the Son" (...
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Does the grammar of Zechariah 13:4 allow that not-putting-on-the-cloak is deceiving?

Zechariah 13:4 reads (ESV): “On that day every prophet will be ashamed of his vision when he prophesies. He will not put on a hairy cloak in order to deceive, Does the grammar of the Hebrew allow ...
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What is the significance of Hebrew word tummah at Job 2:3?

And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? and still he ...
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Are Song of Songs 6:11-12 words from the groom or the bride?

In Song of Songs 6:11-12 (NLT) Young Woman 11 I went down to the grove of walnut trees and out to the valley to see the new spring growth, to see whether the grapevines had budded or the pomegranates ...
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Who is 'us', that Yahweh said to 'behold' men has become like us

During the creation account it only says that אלהים created the heavens and the earth, it is not until Genesis 2:4 that it is stated that it was יהוה, the אלהים who did it. ברא' 2:4: "אֵ֣לֶּה ...
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Meaning of “[doing] what is evil in the sight of the Lord”

I'm working through the Old Testament, book by book, and have arrived at Judges, where I anticipate seeing a certain phrase again and again: 7 And the people of Israel did what was evil in the sight ...
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In Gen. 3:5 is יֹדְעֵ֖י ט֥וֹב וָרָֽע experiential knowledge rather than intellectual knowledge?

In Gen. 3:5 is יֹדְעֵ֖י ט֥וֹב וָרָֽע (knowing good and evil) experiential knowledge rather than intellectual knowledge? Up to that time Adam and Eve only knew obedience. There was only one tree they ...
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Genesis 3:5 - 'as God' or 'as gods'?

The KJV states : ... shall be as gods, knowing good and evil [Genesis 3:5] Young's Literal states : ... as God, knowing good and evil [Genesis 3:5] Biblehub states that the participle 'knowing' is ...
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2 Chronicles 36:9 Is it 8 or 18? And why?

In 2 Chronicles 36:9 the Bible records to beginning of the reign of Jehoiachin over Judah. Some Bible translations, KJV and NASB (1977 and 1995) among them, have translated the Hebrew word שְׁמֹנֶה (...
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Does anything in 2 Samuel 13:20-22 Hebrew text hint that King David reaction as Only being angry be because of feelings of hypocrisy?

It might be circuitous/tortuous reasoning but here goes: David has adulterous sinful sexual relations with Bathsheba Prophet Nathan confronts David about his sin David feels remorseful, and ...
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What is meant by “familiar spirits” in Isaiah 19:3, 29:4?

Isaiah 19:3: 3 And the spirit of Egypt shall fail in the midst thereof; and I will destroy the counsel thereof: and they shall seek to the idols, and to the charmers, and to them that have familiar ...
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Does anything in the Hebrew text of Genesis 34:2-7 suggest that Shechem's actions against were less severe than Amnon's in2 Samuel 13:11-16?

I am not trying to be insensitive but I was trying to compare nature of the sexual violations of Dinah against those of King David's daughter, Tamar. Please do Not misunderstand me. Sexual ...
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Old Testament Hebrew translation of (Psalm 31:18)'s “lying lips” be broad enough to include “pretentiousness” and/or “deceptiveness”?

Just out of curiosity, could someone please tell me if the Old Testament Hebrew translation of the phrase "lying lips" Could be broad enough to also include "pretentiousness"? ...
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What is hell? sheol/hades/prison/lake of fire/outer darkness

This question looks at 5 contexts which refer to hell, how the word is used, and what it means. 1. For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. ...
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What if Genesis 15:6 is translated incorrectly?

UPDATE: Adding the word I forgot to mention - it doesn't change the context of the passage and who is being accounted just (or righteous) I had this thought looking at the context and looking at the ...
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In Ezekiel 39:2 in the King James it says, “And I will turn thee back, and leave but the sixth part of thee.” Is that a correct translation?

Ezekiel 39:2[NIV] I will turn you around and drag you along. I will bring you from the far north and send you against the mountains of Israel. Ezekiel 39:2[KJV] And I will turn thee back, and leave ...
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Meaning of “For when a face is sad a heart may be happy”

In Ecclesiastes 7:3 (NASB) Sorrow is better than laughter, For when a face is sad a heart may be happy. What is the meaning of "For when a face is sad a heart may be happy"?
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How do we understand the phrase “וַיִּתְהַלֵּ֥ךְ חֲנ֖וֹךְ אֶת־הָֽאֱלֹהִ֑ים” from [Genesis 5:24] - if [John 1:18] is true?

If [John 1:18] is true, Enoch | Chanok (חֲנ֜וֹךְ) could not have literally seen Elohim, since Enoch (חֲנ֜וֹךְ) is not the “one and only Son” of John's Gospel. - How then should readers understand [...
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Are there any non-NT examples, from the Koine Greek, of an author using the phrase “truly, truly?” [closed]

I've read different interpretations of the significance of Jesus' use of "truly, truly," in the Gospels. From the very pious and serious, to an argument that Jesus is basically cracking ...
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Which translation of Psalm 68:17 accurately describes the Chariot(s) of God at Sinai?

When translating Psalm 68 to English, the phrase : " Rekev Elohim Ribotayim Alefei [Shin'an] - Adonai Bam Sinai Ba-Qodesh " ( רֶ֚כֶב אֱלֹהִ֗ים רִבֹּתַ֣יִם אַלְפֵ֣י שִׁנְאָ֑ן אֲדֹנָ֥י בָ֜֗ם ...
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How did NKJV deal with the noun agreement in Samuel 21:4?

This question is inspired by Bach's excellent question. New King James Version 1 Samuel 21:4 And the priest answered David and said, “There is no common bread on hand; but there is holy bread, if the ...
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Isaiah 53:3 acquainted with חלי - grief, suffering or infirmity?

I noticed that in the English חלי is some times translated as grief e.g. KJV, ESV, NASB. The NRSV translates it as infirmity which personally I think is a better translation of חלי. The LXX likewise ...
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In John 1:14 what does ἐσκήνωσεν mean?

Καὶ ὁ λόγος σὰρξ ἐγένετο καὶ ἐσκήνωσεν ἐν ἡμῖν,* καὶ ἐθεασάμεθα τὴν δόξαν αὐτοῦ, δόξαν ὡς μονογενοῦς παρὰ πατρός, πλήρης χάριτος καὶ ἀληθείας. (John 1:14, NA28) Usually commentators point out that ...
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Who is the “Lilith” of Isaiah 34:14?

"Lilith" appears not to translate very well from Isaiah 34:14. What would the original language(s) indicate?
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With respect to בשׁגם in Genesis 6:3 who/what is being contrasted?

The Hebrew text translated seems to read ... he too is flesh... Granted many English translations omit the בשׁגם altogether but nonetheless it is in the original. To whom or to what does it make ...
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Luke 24:38 hearts or minds?

Luke 24:38 New International Version He said to them, "Why are you troubled, and why do doubts rise in your minds? English Standard Version And he said to them, “Why are you troubled, and why ...
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סוֹף פָּסוּק‎ Sof pasuq cantillation mark [closed]

What's the earliest evidence of the סוֹף פָּסוּק‎ [Sof pasuq] cantillation mark? Did I correctly identify the sof pasuq right of my yellow highlights (the two dots vertical dots that look like a colon ...
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Greek: Jerusalem, why is this sometimes plural?

I'm trying to understand the use of the city name Jerusalem in the New Testament. In some places, it appears as a proper noun, singular, feminine (Strongs 2419), And then in other places, it appears ...
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The dead forget OR the dead will be forgotten? Ecclesiastes 9:5

Ecclesiastes 9:5 has been used to suggest that the dead have no memory or the suggest that the dead are forgotten by others, and a variety of interpretations in between. A sampling of translations ...
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Why does BSB 1 Samuel 4:21 say Eli was “killed” instead of that he died?

1 Sam 4:18-21 BSB: As soon as the ark of God was mentioned, Eli fell backward from his chair by the city gate, and being old and heavy, he broke his neck and died. And Eli had judged Israel forty ...
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When did satan (SH7835) obtain the additional meaning of superhuman adversary?

For Strong's Hebrew number 7854 (Satan) the Brown-Driver-Briggs' notes give these meanings: (1) adversary, one who withstands (1a) adversary (in general — personal or national) (2) superhuman ...

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