Questions tagged [romans]

Paul's letter to the church in Rome.

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6 views

Does the Septuagint of Isaiah throw light on Romans chapter 9 about the Gentiles coming to see God's glory?

This related Q, What does "glory" of the Gentiles mean in Isaiah? deals with the word 'glory' which I'm not asking about. This other related Q, In Ezekiel 10:4, Why does Ezekiel see a Cloud ...
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The meaning of the word "in" in Romans 5:3

Romans 5:3 challenges us to "rejoice in our sufferings". But the word "in" has (at least) two meanings in English. It could mean "rejoice during our sufferings" or "...
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( Romans 1:26 ) firstly associating women, and then secondly only mentions men in the sin of homosexuality

Since most English translations of the Bible use the masculine nouns and pronouns for gender, what kind of deeper understanding can we get from the fact that in ( Romans 1:26 ) verse that starts off ...
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Why do [1 Peter 2:8 | Romans 9:33] misquote the Greek LXX version of Isaiah 8:14?

Apostles Peter & Paul prefer a different version of [Isaiah 8:14] based on their revision of the Greek LXX. Referencing the Isaiah 8:14 as documented in Septuagint, we read : “καὶ ἐὰν ἐπ᾽ αὐτῷ ...
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Do Paul and Jesus share Understanding on the Sum of the Law?

Rom 13:8 WEB Owe no one anything, except to love one another; for he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the law. Does Paul mean the Whole Law? If he does then he can be charged with omitting the ...
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251 views

What are the "firstfruits of the Spirit" in Romans 8:23?

"And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies." Romans 8:23 ESV. ...
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What translation issues centre on "firstfruits" in Romans 8:23?

Regarding Romans 8:23 another question on this site asks, "Who are said to have the firstfruits?" Here I mention and ask about the reasons for translation differences: CSB, Holman CSB and ...
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In Romans, does Paul vary how he identifies "the Gospel" in a way which also identifies "His Son" and "the Christ" as God?

In Romans Paul uses the term εὐαγγέλιον, "Gospel" or "good news" 9 or 10 times (some manuscripts have "blessing" in 15:29). Paul first calls himself an apostle of the ...
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Why does the ESV translate "horizo" "declared" in Romans 1:4?

"and was declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by the resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord,". Romans 1:4 All from ESV: Luke 22:22 ...
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Does "enclosed" in Luke 5:6 help us understand "consigned" in Romans 11:32?

"For God has consigned all to disobedience, that he may have mercy on all". Romans 11:32 ESV [consigned/synekleisen]. "And when they had done this, they enclosed a large number of fish,...
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What does "faith in Jesus Christ" mean in Romans 3:22?

"the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe". Romans 3:22. ESV. In this verse is Jesus Christ the source of faith? Christians have faith because they are in ...
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Can the future tense be translated as present in Romans 6:5? [closed]

Romans 6:5 says we shall be in the future tense. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of His death, so we shall also be in the likeness of His resurrection. KJV Could it be ...
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Does Romans 16:11 reveal the apostle Paul (Saulus) was related to Herod Agrippa?

Based on Paul's request in [Romans 16:11] from the NKJV : "Greet Herodion, my countryman" (ἀσπάσασθε Ἡροδίωνα τὸν συγγενῆ) and "Antiquities of the Jews" by Josephus, Book XX (CH 9.4) : "...
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Are the Jews still the chosen people according to Romans 11:11? [closed]

Romans 11 1 I say then, has God cast away His people? Certainly not! For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. 2 God has not cast away His people whom He foreknew. ...
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What does it mean for the government to "praise" those who do good (1 Pet. 2:13-14; Rom. 13:3)?

My question pertains to two passages. The first one, 1 Peter 2:13-14 reads (NKJV), Therefore submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord’s sake, whether to the king as supreme, or to ...
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Does κατὰ σάρκα in Romans 4:1 modify Ἀβραὰμ τὸν προπάτορα ἡμῶν or εὑρηκέναι?

What then shall we say was gained by Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh [κατὰ σάρκα]? 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. (Rom. 4:...
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Does Romans 1:30 prove that children can be subject to God’s wrath?

I’ve been studying Romans 1:18-32 since I got saved. I’m not an expert in Greek or Hebrew but would love “such an expert” to help me out here. In Romans 1:18-32, we have God’s wrath against sinful ...
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Does Aorist Subjunctive "might make known" in Romans 9:23 refer to the past?

I have read answers to the question posed on this site "How should "gnorise" be translated in Romans 9:23?" I would appreciate a little more insight into this Aorist Subjunctive ...
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Does Romans 9:5 refers to Jesus as God? [duplicate]

According to an interlinear translation, Romans 9:5 reads as follows: Christ according to the flesh being over all Theos blessed Romans 9:5 Interlinear Some less literal translations explain this as ...
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In Romans 7:18 why is the phrase "that is,in my flesh" bracketed in the NKJV?

Romans 7:18 NKJV For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) nothing good dwells; for to will is present with me, but how to perform what is good I do not find. But in other modern translations it ...
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Can someone elaborate on the meaning of the word "Sabaoth" in James 5:4? (cf. Rom. 9:29)

Many understand the meaning of the word "Sabbath". More recently, I have run across the word Sabaoth which seems to appear twice in Scripture (possibly more, but I couldn't find it): James ...
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Is faith a gift or earned through spiritual practices?

On the one hand, 1 Corinthians 12:9 seems to claim that faith is a gift: 4 Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; 5 and there are varieties of service, but the same Lord; 6 and there ...
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How does the whole creation groan according to Romans 8:22-23?

Note that I am not asking how Paul knew this. In the Letter to the Romans, we read of his interesting observation: Romans 8:22: "For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers the pains ...
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Should we understand Deuteronomy 16:20, Ezekiel 18:9 and Habakkuk 2:4, Romans 1:17, Galatians 3:11 and Hebrews 10:38 to be the same teaching?

[Deuteronomy 16:20 NASB20] (20) "Justice, [and only] justice, you shall pursue, so that you may live and possess the land which the LORD your God is giving you. [Ezekiel 18:9 NASB20] (9) [if] he ...
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Is Romans 1:21 suggesting that everyone, at some time or another, knows God?

In the Letter to the Romans we read something interesting: Romans 1:20-21: "For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly ...
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Does not God favor the Jews over the Gentile?

Romans 2 10But there will be glory and honor and peace from God for all who do good—for the Jew first and also for the Gentile. 11For God does not show favoritism. Jew has priority over the Gentile. ...
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Why are the wages of sin plural in Romans 6:23?

Romans 6:23 "For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord". ESV Why are the wages [opsonia- noun, plural] of sin plural but the free gift ...
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Are we sons of God or are we still waiting to be adopted? How do we harmonize?

Paul says that we are awaiting adoption: 23 And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption ...
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Who (or what) held dominion over Jesus? Rom 6:9

For we know that since Christ was raised from the dead, He cannot die again; death no longer has dominion over Him. BSB ESV NKJ death no longer is master over Him. NASB, NIV, (has mastery) NET death ...
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If Paul says Jesus is Joel's YHVH in [Romans 10:13] and John says Jesus is Elohim of Genesis [John 1:3], Jesus continues to create evil [Isaiah 45:7]? [closed]

Since Jesus is Yoel's YHVH to Paul : [Romans 10:13] " For whosoever shall call upon the name of the LORD shall be saved. " - referencing Yoel 3:5 (MT) | Joel 2:32 (KJV), And Jesus is the ...
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Is Jesus called YHWH in Joel 2:32/Romans 10:13?

In Romans 10, Paul is discussing the Lord Jesus, and in verse 13, he writes (NKJV, emphasis mine): For “whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved.” The reason "LORD" is ...
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Did Paul misquote Isaiah in Romans 15:12?

NIV Isaiah 11:10 On that day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples. The nations will seek Him, and His place of rest will be glorious. Romans 15:12 And again, Isaiah says, “The ...
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Did the prayer in Romans 15:31 come true?

Romans 15:31 New International Version Pray that I may be kept safe from the unbelievers in Judea and that the contribution I take to Jerusalem may be favorably received by the Lord’s people there ...
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If Peter is released from keeping the Torah [Romans 7:6], Why does 1 Peter 1:14-16 uphold (Leviticus 11:45 & Leviticus 19:2)?

Why does the Apostle Peter add in [1 Peter 1:14-16] that all should be: As obedient children, do not be conformed to the former lusts which were yours in your ignorance, but like the Holy One who ...
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Are Mark 10:38 and Romans 6:3-4 not essentially two sides of the same coin?

In the Gospel of Mark, Jesus responds to a request by James and John: Mark 10:38: "But Jesus said to them, 'You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, or to ...
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Romans 14:14 common or unclean?

I just found in MKJV, Modern King James Version, a different reading of Romans 14:14; Modern King James Version I know and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus, that nothing by itself is common; except to ...
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Can we interpret the "first resurrection"/"second death" (Rev. 20:6a) as made alive in Christ, spared from spiritual death (Col. 2:13, etc.)?

Scripture often indicates that outside of Christ we are dead. The apostle Paul's Letter to the Romans emphasizes this point often: Romans 5:12: "Therefore, just as through one man sin entered ...
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How will the "the word Christ spoke judge us at the last day" (John 12:48)?

It seems a bit confusing whether the Father or Christ will judge us at the last day. As least two passages seem to indicate that we will all stand before the Judgment Seat of Christ: Romans 14:10, 12:...
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What is the mind of the flesh and the mind of the spirit in Romans 8:6?

The mind of the flesh is death, but the mind of the Spirit is life and peace, Romans 8:6 - BSB What is the mind of the flesh and the mind of the Spirit described in the verse? What are the ...
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Are Gentiles born with a sinful nature or not? Ephesians 2:1-3 vs. Romans 2:12-16

Ephesians 2:1-3 (ESV): And you were dead in the trespasses and sins 2 in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is ...
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Does Romans 5:12 say that we inherit the sin of Adam and Eve?

Romans 5:12 New International Version Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people because all sinned It seems that we ...
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What does "freely justified" mean in Romans 3:24? Free from what?

Exegetical question, try to stick with the immediate context with exposition. Cross-referencing cannot directly explain or deal with the exegesis of a particular context. [Romans 3:20-28 BSB] ...
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What is the meaning of Paul's quotation of Hosea 2:23 and Hosea 1:10 in Romans 9:25-26

[ Hosea and Gomer (Bible Historiale, 1372) This is what we read in Hosea (8th-century BC prophet in Israel): 4 For the Israelites must live many days without a king or prince, without sacrifice or ...
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Is the writer of James attacking Paul's position?

In James 2:14-16,24 (NASB) What use is it, my brothers and sisters, if someone says he has faith, but he has no works? Can that faith save him? If a brother or sister is without clothing and in need ...
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Who are the unrighteous whom Paul refers to in Romans 1:18-27?

Upon initial reading of Romans 1:18-27, it seems like Paul is talking about everyone who is not a believer (and therefore he is also talking about those who are unrighteous, as the passage implies). ...
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Are Jesus (Matt 5:27-30) and Paul (Rom 8:1-17) teaching different approaches to overcoming the sin of lust?

Matthew 5:27-30 (ESV): 27 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’ 28 But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lustful intent has already committed adultery ...
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On what is τί contingent in Romans 8:31?

[Romans 8:31 NASB20] (31) What then shall we say to these things? If God [is] for us, who [is] against us? [Romans 8:31 MGNT] (31) τί οὖν ἐροῦμεν πρὸς ταῦτα εἰ ὁ θεὸς ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν τίς καθ᾽ ἡμῶν Does ...
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What does it mean to be "of Israel" based on Romans 9:6?

In the Letter to the Romans, we are told by the apostle Paul: Romans 9:6: "But it is not as though the word of God has failed. For they are not all Israel who are descended from Israel..." ...
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Do Malachi 1:2-3 & Romans 9:13 refer to God Loving Jacob & God Hating Esau as hyperbole or a figure of speech, not Calvinism/predestination doctrine?

Calvinist/Reformed Baptists often cite the the following verses associated with Jacob being selected as opposed to Esau as examples of supporting the Doctrine of Calvinism/Predestination(i.e. ...
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Law of God vs Law of Christ

The phrase "Law of Christ" appears only twice in the NT, namely, 1 Cor 9:21 & Gal 6:2. In the first of these, we read: To those without the law I became like one without the law (...

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