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Questions tagged [translation-philosophy]

The philosophical basis that grounds the work of translators. Questions about specific translation problems should instead be tagged hebrew, aramaic, or greek as appropriate.

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What is the difference between 'the Holy Spirit' and 'the holy Spirit' (NABRE)?

The term to pneuma to hagion is translated 'the Holy Spirit' in most modern translations. The New American Bible, Revised Edition, 20111 (NABRE) and its earlier form in 1970 translate the term as '...
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7answers
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Is Genesis 3:15 correctly translated?

KJV Genesis 3:15 "And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel." The Swedish version(s) do not ...
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1answer
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1 Samuel 16:12 Describes David as Ruddy ( Does that mean King David had red hair? )

Why is David described as ruddy in the bible? Does it mean he had a red hair? Or (LOL) that is blushes a lot? 1 Samuel 16:12 12 So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with beautiful ...
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1answer
27 views

Why the missing “Kai” in translations Colossians 1:29

Col 1:29  εις ο και κοπιω αγωνιζομενος κατα την ενεργειαν αυτου την ενεργουμενην εν εμοι εν δυναμει Is there any good reason why the 'kai' is ommitted in so many modern English translations? For ...
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1answer
21 views

Why does KJV use censers not firepans/trays in 2 Chronicles 4:22?

KJV 2 Chronicles 4 22 And the snuffers, and the basons, and the spoons, and the censers, of pure gold: and the entry of the house, the inner doors thereof for the most holy place, and the doors of ...
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2answers
25 views

Seek how? (ἐκζητέω)

Question for Greek scholars: ἐκζητέω is translated “seek after” in Acts 15:17 & Romans 3:11; “Enquired” in I Peter 1:10; “Diligently seek” in Hebrews 11:6; and “Sought carefully” in Hebrews 12:...
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1answer
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What is the criteria by which the accuracy of a Bible translations is measured? [closed]

With all the various ideas of good and bad Bible translations how do we know which is accurate; what is the criteria to do so? NWT 2 Timothy 2:15 "Do your utmost to present yourself approved to ...
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1answer
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Why does the ESV say the tree withered from the top down, while other translations say the tree withered from the roots up?

I was comparing translations when I noticed this difference in Mark 11:20-21. As they passed by in the morning, they saw the fig tree withered away to its roots. And Peter remembered and said to ...
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2answers
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‘In’ or ‘On’ the earth (Hebrew) - Genesis 6:5

It interesting to observe בארץ being translated by different English (and non English) translations as either in the earth or on the earth. This is not limited to this verse by any means. “The ...
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2answers
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What kind of new way is it in Hebrews 10:20?

I'm sure many of you are familiar with Hebrews 10:20's "new and living way". I never questioned what it said in Greek, whether the "new" was the "kainos kind" or the "neo kind"; qualitatively new or a ...
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Why is the word “honeycomb”, in Luke 24:42, missing from most Bible translations?

King James, together with a few other translations, has "fish and honeycomb" in Luke 24:42, while most other translations only mention "fish". Why is "honeycomb" missing? Is "honeycomb" a newer added ...
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1answer
25 views

Why do the NASB translators add the word 'mere' in Colossians 2:17?

Colossians 2 NASB [17]things which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ. Colossians 2 NKJV 17 which are a shadow of things to come, but the substance is of ...
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3answers
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In the LXX version of 2 Samuel 1:18, where did the bow go?

Translating 2 Samuel 1:18 seems to be a very difficult task. Could anyone please lay a helping hand? A very accurate solution seems to be: NET: He gave instructions that the people of Judah should ...
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1answer
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Why is עֲרוּמִּ֔ים (Gen 2:25) translated “naked,” and in the very next verse its singular form, עָר֔וּם (Gen 3:1), is translated “crafty/shrewd?”

I am curious as to why the Hebrew word for "crafty/shrewd," עָרוּם, used to characterize the serpent in the Garden in Genesis 3:1 is the same word in Genesis 2:25, describing Adam and Eve, yet ...
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1answer
49 views

Difference of words in Genesis 6:21

Why did Moses used 2 different words in Genesis 6:21 when writing about the food Noah was to bring aboard the Ark? The first one is "maakal" meaning "food". The next one is "okleh" meaning "food for ...
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1answer
86 views

Difference of words in Genesis 6:7 and Genesis 6:17

Why did Moses used 2 different words in Genesis 6:7 and 17 when writing about the consequences of the Great Flood? The first one is "machah" meaning "to exterminate". The next one is "shachath" ...
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2answers
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Future vs Subjunctive in the promises to the seven Churches

I have a question regarding the significance of the Subjunctive tense comparing to the Future tense in examination of the promises found in the letters to the seven Churches in the Book of Revelation. ...
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2answers
321 views

How should we understand Gen 31:24 in view of the context (i.e., Laban speaks to Jacob) and an apparent Hebrew language nuance?

How should we understand Gen 31:24 in view of the context (i.e., Laban speaks to Jacob) and an apparent Hebrew language nuance? The King James Version (“KJV”) provides a marginal note at Gen 31:24 ...
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1answer
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Is the (Holman) Christian Standard Bible's rendering, “completely dark sheep”, at Gen. 30:40, reasonably correct?

Gen 30:40 Jacob separated the lambs and made the flocks face the streaked sheep and the completely dark sheep in Laban’s flocks. Then he set his own stock apart and didn’t put them with Laban’s sheep.
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Why does Mark 10:21 in the NKJV include take up your cross where other translations do not? [duplicate]

In Mark 10:21 Jesus says And Jesus, looking at him, loved him, and said to him, “You lack one thing: go, sell all that you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come,...
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2answers
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Isaiah 12:2: Why do some translations use 'song' and others use 'defence'?

In Isaiah 12:2 (NIV), it says: ...The LORD ... is my strength and my defence*... *Or song In other translations, such as the KJV and NLT, it is translated directly to 'song' which no mention ...
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1answer
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Why does YLT change the tense of Judges 6:14

Judges 6:14 in KJV and most other translation is in future tense And the LORD looked upon him, and said, Go in this thy might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites: have ...
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1answer
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When did people start to eat meat?

On the sixth day, God gave humans green plants as food: And God said, "Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its ...
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3answers
370 views

Two N.T. verses in two different Greek Interlinears have differences that seem critically important so I ask for clarification

Before I can arrive at a conclusion, or even make comment on a recent question asked in Stack Christianity, I need clarification on the Greek text of two scriptures. The matter relates to both God the ...
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1answer
221 views

Why does the LXX translate דֹּדֶ֖יךָ as μαστοί in Song of Songs 1:2?

Song of Songs 1:2 Hebrew: יִשָּׁקֵ֙נִי֙ מִנְּשִׁיקֹ֣ות פִּ֔יהוּ כִּֽי־טֹובִ֥ים דֹּדֶ֖יךָ מִיָּֽיִן׃ KJV: Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine. ...
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1answer
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What is the justification for translating se'eth as “accepted” in regards to Cain?

If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? (Gen. 4:7 KJV). This is the only time this Hebrew word is translated as "accepted" and I'm looking for some justification for doing so.
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In using a Koine lexicon, does only the first entry count? [closed]

It has been suggested on another site that only the first entry of a Koine lexicon "counts". In this example of neo-Platonism, the first lexeme matches the "Ideal Form" which in this case is an ...
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1answer
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Do translators really know how to translate “a man after his own heart” ? 1 Sam. 13:14

After a brief study, it appears that translators are unsure how to translate this phrase. The NET bible translation notes say "Heb 'according to his heart.' The idiomatic expression means to be like-...
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2answers
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What are the highest heavens in Nehemiah 9:6?

The Masoretic text of Nehemia 9:6 reads: אַתָּה־ה֣וּא יְהֹוָה֮ לְבַדֶּ֒ךָ֒ את אַתָּ֣ה עָשִׂ֡יתָ אֶֽת־הַשָּׁמַ֩יִם֩ שְׁמֵ֨י הַשָּׁמַ֜יִם וְכׇל־צְבָאָ֗ם הָאָ֜רֶץ וְכׇל־אֲשֶׁ֤ר עָלֶ֙יהָ֙ הַיַּמִּים֙ ...
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2answers
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What is the most exact translation of the Greek word δωρεάν?

I came across this word most notably when reading the book of John where it says But this is to fulfill what is written in their Law: ‘They hated Me without reason.’ John 15:25 BSB The word δωρεάν ...
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3answers
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How can we understand Romans 4:19 in the light of different translations?

NA 28 Romans 4:19 19καὶ μὴ ἀσθενήσας τῇ πίστει κατενόησεν τὸ ἑαυτοῦ σῶμα [ἤδη] νενεκρωμένον, ἑκατονταετής που ὑπάρχων, καὶ τὴν νέκρωσιν τῆς μήτρας Σάρρας· American Standard Version Romans 4:19 (...
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3answers
49 views

Why are quotation marks used in translations of 1 Corinthians 10:23?

In 1 Corinthians 10:23, most English translations use quotation marks to suggest that Paul is quoting someone else. For instance, the RSV says... “All things are lawful,” but not all things are ...
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5answers
390 views

In Exodus 20:26 what does it mean “and you shall not go up by steps to my altar, that your nakedness be not exposed on it”?

What does God mean ''and you shall not go up by steps to my altar, that your nakedness be not exposed on it''? Should this verse be taken literally? Exodus 20:26 And you shall not go up by steps ...
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1answer
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Will “The Modern Literal Translation of the Bible” HELP STOP the growth of NEW Christian Sects? [closed]

Please go to this link to download a free copy of the "Modern Literal Translation" of the bible into e-Sword, MyBible, MySword and soon MLV's own app, and use it to test your favorite bible passages. ...
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4answers
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What is the meaning of the Hebrew words “temunah” and “adameh” as translated in the KJV, particularly in Numbers 12:8?

I have an assignment on the meaning behind the King James Version translation of Numbers 12:8: With him [Moses] will I speak mouth to mouth, even apparently, and not in dark speeches; and the ...
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4answers
86 views

In Ephesians 2:2 is Paul speaking of “the course” of the world or “Aeon of the world”?

NIV Eph 2:2 in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient. MGNT 2:2 ἐν ...
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1answer
58 views

Why are forms of the word 'βάπτισμα' transliterated as 'baptism, baptize,' instead of being translated?

Mark 16:16, "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned." (KJV) Is the word "baptized" in the English translations really a translation? I was ...
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1answer
31 views

English translation of “you” in the New Testament [closed]

Are 98% of the English translated "you"s from the Greek New Testament tranlated into the plural rather than singular form and meaning of "you"?
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1answer
71 views

Why do the NASB translators of 1 Cor. 14:1 add the word “earnestly” before “desire spiritual gifts”?

1 Cor. 14:1 in the NASB reads: "Pursue love, and earnestly desire the spiritual gifts, especially that you may prophesy." The Greek word used here for "desire" is "Διώκετε," a present - active - ...
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1answer
50 views

How does Hebrews 12:21 quote Deutoronomy 9:19?

In the NKJV there are footnotes which indicate that Hebrews 12:21 is a quote from Deutoronomy 9:19 but there seem to be some differences there. Hebrews 12:18-21 NKJV. 18 For you have not come [g]...
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2answers
136 views

What is the most accurate way to translate “ἐκ” in 1 Cor 11:28?

I have made an effort to translate the following text. 1Cor 11:28 Δοκιμαζέτω(let - prove or examine) δὲ(but) ἄνθρωπος(a man) ἑαυτόν(himself), καὶ(and) οὕτως(in-this-way) ἐκ(out) τοῦ(of ...
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2answers
254 views

In Mat.11:12 “…the kindom of heaven suffereth violence…” what does “suffereth” mean?

In Mat.11:12 ... the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence ... (KJV) What was meant by suffereth in current day use? Please.
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1answer
76 views

In Matthew 6:10 should it be translated “on the earth” or "in the earth?

Matthew 6:10 in the Authorized King James version. Say IN Earth and most other versions says ON Earth. To me there is a difference of In and On. Also the Earth and World are not the same. God created ...
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3answers
279 views

Why is 2 Peter 1:19 commonly translated with “day star” rather than “Lucifer”?

The word "Lucifer" comes from 2 Latin words: Lux (=light) + ferous (=to bear or carry). Thus the name "Lucifer" means: Light-bearer or Light-bringer. Yet in the KJV and many other translations this ...
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5answers
126 views

Who is Jesus's “God”? [closed]

What God is Jesus speaking of in these passages? How can God have a God? Revelation 3:12 (KJV) Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I ...
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1answer
96 views

Did Lancelot Charles Lee Brenton borrow from the King James Version (KJV) when translating or editing his English Septuagint?

There are some New Testament allusions or quotations in the King James Version (KJV) that don't precisely match the Old Testament (KJV) source that they point to; however, such allusions or quotations ...
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1answer
119 views

Are the words Tartan and Rabshakeh Assyrian titles or proper names in Isaiah?

A recent argument involved two passages from Iasiah, 20:1 and 36:2: When looking at the most modern translations and comparing them with older ones there is – as a tendency I presume – a glaring ...
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3answers
263 views

Contradiction between Exodus 29:18 and Jeremiah 7:22

What does Jeremiah mean by his statement in Jeremiah 7:22? For in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, I did not speak to your fathers or command them concerning burnt offerings ...
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1answer
277 views

What does the phrase “to cover his feet” refer to in 1 Samuel 24:3?

1 Samuel 24:3 KJV 3 And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where was a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet: and David and his men remained in the sides of the cave. Its not clear what ...
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2answers
147 views

Was Jesus hungry or very hungry after 40 days?

The temptation of Jesus in the wilderness is summarised thus: Matthew 4:2 (see for example BibleHub and also Luk 4:2) KJV: And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was ...