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Questions tagged [translation-philosophy]

The philosophical basis that grounds the work of translators. Questions about specific translation problems should instead be tagged hebrew, aramaic, or greek as appropriate.

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What is the difference between “logos ( λόγος )” in 1 Corinthians 12:8 and “rhema ( ῥήματος)” in Matthew 26:75?

What is the difference between "logos ( λόγος )" in 1 Corinthians 12:8 and "rhema ( ῥήματος)" in Matthew 26:75? There is a background to this question. This article "Rhema and Logos: There Is No ...
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What does “revocalization” mean in Bible footnotes?

For instance, the ESV adds a note to Proverbs 30:1 in regards to "I am weary, O God, and worn out.": Revocalization; Hebrew The man declares to Ithiel, to Ithiel and Ucal" What is "revocalization" ...
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Is Leviticus 16:2 an explanation or instruction?

The Lord said to Moses: “Tell your brother Aaron that he is not to come whenever he chooses into the Most Holy Place behind the curtain in front of the atonement cover on the ark, or else he will ...
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In Revelation 13:11 why do English translations always render θηρίον as “beast”?

[Rev 13:11 ESV] (11) Then I saw another beast rising out of the earth. It had two horns like a lamb and it spoke like a dragon. [Rev 13:11 MGNT] (11) καὶ εἶδον ἄλλο θηρίον ἀναβαῖνον ἐκ τῆς ...
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Can 1Cor 10:25 (eating meat from the market) be translated differently?

YLT 1Cor 10:25 Whatever in the meat-market is sold eat ye, not inquiring, because of the conscience, By moving a comma or two, it reads: Whatever in the meat-market is sold eat ye not, ...
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Why do some translations of the Bible say 'Spirit of Jesus' in Acts 16:7?

Whilst comparing a number of different versions I noticed that in Acts 16:7, some translations like the NIV, NLT, ESV say 'Spirit of Jesus', where as Young's Literal and the KJV just say 'Spirit'. ...
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Does the postfixed χ in Jewish Greek transliterations simply denote the aleph, i.e. vs. other vowels?

The Hebrew א and the Greek χ (especially in their typical manuscript form) look very similar. 'Jewish Greek' (Septuagintic/Diaspora/NT Greek) already being an insiders language (inasmuch it's ...
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KJV 47 scribes reasoning for translating from the MT & Textus Receptus over other translations?

I hope this question is allowed (hermeneutical approaches?). Is there any information regarding the reasoning of the scribes that translated the 1611 KJB why they chose one text over another? They ...
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Did Elisha tell Hazael that Ben Hadad will recover in 2 Kings 8?

2 Kings 8:9-10 NIV 9 Hazael went to meet Elisha, taking with him as a gift forty camel-loads of all the finest wares of Damascus. He went in and stood before him, and said, “Your son Ben-Hadad king ...
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How does the Douay Rheims Bible translate שַׁדַּי as God of Jacob in Psalms 91:1?

Psalms 91 Douay Rheims Bible 1 He that dwelleth in the aid of the most High, shall abide under the protection of the God of Jacob. Psalms 91:1 KJV 1 He that dwelleth in the secret place of the ...
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'Turn“ or ”return" in Songs of Songs 6:13?

The MT version reads, שׁוּבִי שׁוּבִי הַשּׁוּלַמִּית, שׁוּבִי שׁוּבִי וְנֶחֱזֶה-בָּךְ; מַה-תֶּחֱזוּ, בַּשּׁוּלַמִּית, כִּמְחֹלַת, הַמַּחֲנָיִם. The Hebrew word שׁוּבִי is repeated several times ...
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What is the difference between 'the Holy Spirit' and 'the holy Spirit' (NABRE)?

The term to pneuma to hagion is translated 'the Holy Spirit' in most modern translations. The New American Bible, Revised Edition, 20111 (NABRE) and its earlier form in 1970 translate the term as '...
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Is Genesis 3:15 correctly translated?

KJV Genesis 3:15 "And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel." The Swedish version(s) do not ...
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1 Samuel 16:12 Describes David as Ruddy ( Does that mean King David had red hair? )

Why is David described as ruddy in the bible? Does it mean he had a red hair? Or (LOL) that is blushes a lot? 1 Samuel 16:12 12 So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with beautiful ...
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Why do many English translations of Colossians 1:29 not translate the Greek word “KAI”?

Col 1:29  εις ο και κοπιω αγωνιζομενος κατα την ενεργειαν αυτου την ενεργουμενην εν εμοι εν δυναμει Is there any good reason why the 'kai' is ommitted in so many modern English translations? For ...
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Why does KJV use censers not firepans/trays in 2 Chronicles 4:22?

KJV 2 Chronicles 4 22 And the snuffers, and the basons, and the spoons, and the censers, of pure gold: and the entry of the house, the inner doors thereof for the most holy place, and the doors of ...
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Seek how? (ἐκζητέω)

Question for Greek scholars: ἐκζητέω is translated “seek after” in Acts 15:17 & Romans 3:11; “Enquired” in I Peter 1:10; “Diligently seek” in Hebrews 11:6; and “Sought carefully” in Hebrews 12:...
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Why does the ESV say the tree withered from the top down, while other translations say the tree withered from the roots up?

I was comparing translations when I noticed this difference in Mark 11:20-21. As they passed by in the morning, they saw the fig tree withered away to its roots. And Peter remembered and said to ...
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‘In’ or ‘On’ the earth (Hebrew) - Genesis 6:5

It interesting to observe בארץ being translated by different English (and non English) translations as either in the earth or on the earth. This is not limited to this verse by any means. “The ...
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What kind of new way is it in Hebrews 10:20?

I'm sure many of you are familiar with Hebrews 10:20's "new and living way". I never questioned what it said in Greek, whether the "new" was the "kainos kind" or the "neo kind"; qualitatively new or a ...
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Why is the word “honeycomb”, in Luke 24:42, missing from most Bible translations?

King James, together with a few other translations, has "fish and honeycomb" in Luke 24:42, while most other translations only mention "fish". Why is "honeycomb" missing? Is "honeycomb" a newer added ...
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Why do the NASB translators add the word 'mere' in Colossians 2:17?

Colossians 2 NASB [17]things which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ. Colossians 2 NKJV 17 which are a shadow of things to come, but the substance is of ...
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In the LXX version of 2 Samuel 1:18, where did the bow go?

Translating 2 Samuel 1:18 seems to be a very difficult task. Could anyone please lay a helping hand? A very accurate solution seems to be: NET: He gave instructions that the people of Judah should ...
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Why is עֲרוּמִּ֔ים (Gen 2:25) translated “naked,” and in the very next verse its singular form, עָר֔וּם (Gen 3:1), is translated “crafty/shrewd?”

I am curious as to why the Hebrew word for "crafty/shrewd," עָרוּם, used to characterize the serpent in the Garden in Genesis 3:1 is the same word in Genesis 2:25, describing Adam and Eve, yet ...
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Difference of words in Genesis 6:21

Why did Moses used 2 different words in Genesis 6:21 when writing about the food Noah was to bring aboard the Ark? The first one is "maakal" meaning "food". The next one is "okleh" meaning "food for ...
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Difference of words in Genesis 6:7 and Genesis 6:17

Why did Moses used 2 different words in Genesis 6:7 and 17 when writing about the consequences of the Great Flood? The first one is "machah" meaning "to exterminate". The next one is "shachath" ...
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Future vs Subjunctive in the promises to the seven Churches

I have a question regarding the significance of the Subjunctive tense comparing to the Future tense in examination of the promises found in the letters to the seven Churches in the Book of Revelation. ...
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How should we understand Gen 31:24 in view of the context (i.e., Laban speaks to Jacob) and an apparent Hebrew language nuance?

How should we understand Gen 31:24 in view of the context (i.e., Laban speaks to Jacob) and an apparent Hebrew language nuance? The King James Version (“KJV”) provides a marginal note at Gen 31:24 ...
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Is the (Holman) Christian Standard Bible's rendering, “completely dark sheep”, at Gen. 30:40, reasonably correct?

Gen 30:40 Jacob separated the lambs and made the flocks face the streaked sheep and the completely dark sheep in Laban’s flocks. Then he set his own stock apart and didn’t put them with Laban’s sheep.
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Why does Mark 10:21 in the NKJV include take up your cross where other translations do not? [duplicate]

In Mark 10:21 Jesus says And Jesus, looking at him, loved him, and said to him, “You lack one thing: go, sell all that you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come,...
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Isaiah 12:2: Why do some translations use 'song' and others use 'defence'?

In Isaiah 12:2 (NIV), it says: ...The LORD ... is my strength and my defence*... *Or song In other translations, such as the KJV and NLT, it is translated directly to 'song' which no mention ...
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Why does YLT change the tense of Judges 6:14

Judges 6:14 in KJV and most other translation is in future tense And the LORD looked upon him, and said, Go in this thy might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites: have ...
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When did people start to eat meat?

On the sixth day, God gave humans green plants as food: And God said, "Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its ...
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Two N.T. verses in two different Greek Interlinears have differences that seem critically important so I ask for clarification

Before I can arrive at a conclusion, or even make comment on a recent question asked in Stack Christianity, I need clarification on the Greek text of two scriptures. The matter relates to both God the ...
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Why does the LXX translate דֹּדֶ֖יךָ as μαστοί in Song of Songs 1:2?

Song of Songs 1:2 Hebrew: יִשָּׁקֵ֙נִי֙ מִנְּשִׁיקֹ֣ות פִּ֔יהוּ כִּֽי־טֹובִ֥ים דֹּדֶ֖יךָ מִיָּֽיִן׃ KJV: Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine. ...
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What is the justification for translating se'eth as “accepted” in regards to Cain?

If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? (Gen. 4:7 KJV). This is the only time this Hebrew word is translated as "accepted" and I'm looking for some justification for doing so.
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In using a Koine lexicon, does only the first entry count? [closed]

It has been suggested on another site that only the first entry of a Koine lexicon "counts". In this example of neo-Platonism, the first lexeme matches the "Ideal Form" which in this case is an ...
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Do translators really know how to translate “a man after his own heart” ? 1 Sam. 13:14

After a brief study, it appears that translators are unsure how to translate this phrase. The NET bible translation notes say "Heb 'according to his heart.' The idiomatic expression means to be like-...
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What are the highest heavens in Nehemiah 9:6?

The Masoretic text of Nehemia 9:6 reads: אַתָּה־ה֣וּא יְהֹוָה֮ לְבַדֶּ֒ךָ֒ את אַתָּ֣ה עָשִׂ֡יתָ אֶֽת־הַשָּׁמַ֩יִם֩ שְׁמֵ֨י הַשָּׁמַ֜יִם וְכׇל־צְבָאָ֗ם הָאָ֜רֶץ וְכׇל־אֲשֶׁ֤ר עָלֶ֙יהָ֙ הַיַּמִּים֙ ...
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What is the most exact translation of the Greek word δωρεάν?

I came across this word most notably when reading the book of John where it says But this is to fulfill what is written in their Law: ‘They hated Me without reason.’ John 15:25 BSB The word δωρεάν ...
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How can we understand Romans 4:19 in the light of different translations?

NA 28 Romans 4:19 19καὶ μὴ ἀσθενήσας τῇ πίστει κατενόησεν τὸ ἑαυτοῦ σῶμα [ἤδη] νενεκρωμένον, ἑκατονταετής που ὑπάρχων, καὶ τὴν νέκρωσιν τῆς μήτρας Σάρρας· American Standard Version Romans 4:19 (...
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Why are quotation marks used in translations of 1 Corinthians 10:23?

In 1 Corinthians 10:23, most English translations use quotation marks to suggest that Paul is quoting someone else. For instance, the RSV says... “All things are lawful,” but not all things are ...
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In Exodus 20:26 what does it mean “and you shall not go up by steps to my altar, that your nakedness be not exposed on it”?

What does God mean ''and you shall not go up by steps to my altar, that your nakedness be not exposed on it''? Should this verse be taken literally? Exodus 20:26 And you shall not go up by steps ...
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Will “The Modern Literal Translation of the Bible” HELP STOP the growth of NEW Christian Sects? [closed]

Please go to this link to download a free copy of the "Modern Literal Translation" of the bible into e-Sword, MyBible, MySword and soon MLV's own app, and use it to test your favorite bible passages. ...
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What is the meaning of the Hebrew words “temunah” and “adameh” as translated in the KJV, particularly in Numbers 12:8?

I have an assignment on the meaning behind the King James Version translation of Numbers 12:8: With him [Moses] will I speak mouth to mouth, even apparently, and not in dark speeches; and the ...
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In Ephesians 2:2 is Paul speaking of “the course” of the world or “Aeon of the world”?

NIV Eph 2:2 in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient. MGNT 2:2 ἐν ...
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1answer
60 views

Why are forms of the word 'βάπτισμα' transliterated as 'baptism, baptize,' instead of being translated?

Mark 16:16, "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned." (KJV) Is the word "baptized" in the English translations really a translation? I was ...
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32 views

English translation of “you” in the New Testament [closed]

Are 98% of the English translated "you"s from the Greek New Testament tranlated into the plural rather than singular form and meaning of "you"?
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1answer
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Why do the NASB translators of 1 Cor. 14:1 add the word “earnestly” before “desire spiritual gifts”?

1 Cor. 14:1 in the NASB reads: "Pursue love, and earnestly desire the spiritual gifts, especially that you may prophesy." The Greek word used here for "desire" is "Διώκετε," a present - active - ...
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1answer
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How does Hebrews 12:21 quote Deutoronomy 9:19?

In the NKJV there are footnotes which indicate that Hebrews 12:21 is a quote from Deutoronomy 9:19 but there seem to be some differences there. Hebrews 12:18-21 NKJV. 18 For you have not come [g]...