Questions tagged [translation-philosophy]

The philosophical basis that grounds the work of translators. Questions about specific translation problems should instead be tagged hebrew, aramaic, or greek as appropriate.

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Should "among" in John 1:14 really be translated "within"?

I’ve heard that in John 1:14 the word “among” was wrongly translated from its Greek origin and that it truly meant “within”. Can you shed some light on that please? And the Word was made flesh, and ...
3 votes
1 answer
102 views

Romans 8:16 -" τῷ πνεύματι ἡμῶν" - Is it the Holy Spirit bears witness "with" or "to" our spirit?

Most English versions translate "with our spirit," while the Bishop's Bible 1558, Mace NT, Douay, Catholic Public Domain Versions, and Lamsa and Aramaic Bible in Plain English translate &...
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4 votes
2 answers
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How should intentionally repeated words in Hebrew be translated? (e.g. Gen 2:17, 45:10) [closed]

In Gen. 2:17 God warns: "you shall surely die." The Hebrew for "surely die" is מוּת מוּת מוּת (mut, mut mut) or die.. die DIE! ( Blue Letter Bible) There are many other examples. ...
-1 votes
2 answers
68 views

Why are some words in the Hebrew Bible doubled? [closed]

With the Strong's dictionary App, i was trying to make sense of Ezekiel 37:25. Here some Hebrew words are repeated twice. For instance the Hebrew word “ben” means “son”. But what does “ben ben” mean? ...
5 votes
2 answers
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'God' or 'gods' in 1 Kings 12:28 and Exodus 32:4?

The verses in the main question refer to the golden calves of Jeroboam I and Aaron, respectively. The term at issue is elohim. Does the phrase "behold elohim" refer to "the gods" ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Revelation 5:10 - Is kingdom really the best translation for βασιλείαν

Revelation 5:9-10 9 And they sang a new song, saying, “Worthy are you to take the scroll and to open its seals, for you were slain, and by your blood you ransomed people for God from every tribe and ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Could someone please give an elaborate explanation as to how Wisdom, knowledge & understanding are different and/or overlap in Proverbs 24:3-5?

( reference: https://www.gotquestions.org/wisdom-knowledge.html ) Proverbs 24:3-5 New American Standard Bible 1995 3 By wisdom a house is built, And by understanding it is established; 4 And by ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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Should John 9:3 end in a comma or a period?

Let's look at John 9:2-4 to put v. 3 in context (NKJV): 2 And His disciples asked Him, saying, "Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?" 3 Jesus answered, "...
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5 votes
4 answers
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Genesis 3:6 "Desirable to make one wise"

I'm trying to understand why translations from KJV on have translated this part of Genesis 3:6, that the tree of the knowledge of good and evil was "a tree to be desired to make one wise." ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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1 Cor 15:24-28 Are translators translating the subjunctive? If not are we missing anything by leaving it untranslated?

So 1 Cor 15:24-28 has a surprising amount of verbs in the subjective, whose mood seems to be largely untranslated as indicated by the bold in the quote below. 1 Corinthians 15:24-28 24 Then comes the ...
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2 answers
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Does Proverbs 20:16b warning about pledging to someone narrowly focus on sexual promiscuity Or is it a broader warning?

20:16 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex לְֽקַח־בִּ֭גְדֹו כִּי־עָ֣רַב זָ֑ר וּבְעַ֖ד [נָכְרִים כ] (נָכְרִיָּ֣ה ק) חַבְלֵֽהוּ׃ ( Proverbs 20:16 ) (NASB 1995) Take his garment when he becomes surety ...
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2 Thess. 2:6 "...you know what is holding him back.." [duplicate]

While the usual question about this verse concerns who or what restrains, my concern is with what is restrained. I understand why those sold on the Nero theory like this translation because a "...
3 votes
3 answers
306 views

Did Protestants prefer "children" as opposed to "sons" of God in their translations of Matthew 5:9?

In the Wikipedia page for Matthew 5:9 it says this about protestants preferring the translation of children rather than sons. (Huios) As there is no citation for this point, can someone point to any ...
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5 votes
4 answers
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Query on translation to "angels" in Luke 9:26b

9:26b "when he shall come in his own glory, and in his Father's, and of the holy angels." Luke 9:26 I have been told that the greek word "ἄγγελος" can be translated to both the ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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The difference between zao and zaomai

The New testament uses both forms: zao and zaomai. The word zao means to live and zaomai is its medium(middle)/passive form. However I have never seen that anyone would have made any difference ...
4 votes
4 answers
108 views

Habakkuk 1:11 true meaning

I am just curious about the translation choice in KJV Habakkuk 1:11, which is the following: Then shall his mind change, and he shall pass over, and offend, imputing this his power unto his god. The ...
2 votes
1 answer
140 views

What is the difference of the words πόρνος (pornos) alongside μοιχός (moichos) in Hebrews 13:4 compared to πορνείας (porneias) in 1 Thess 4:3?

Q: What is the difference of the words πόρνος (pornos) alongside μοιχός (moichos) in Hebrews 13:4 compared to πορνείας (porneias) in 1 Thess 4:3? Texts to compare: “Marriage is honorable among all, ...
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Proverbs 18:22's grossly oversimplified, glib, nonchalant view about getting married [closed]

Most of the verses in the Bible's Proverbs can be read by and in themselves. In other words, in general, for the most part, we would Not need to apply hermeneutic tools like scripture-interprets-...
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3 votes
3 answers
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1 Peter 2:2 textual variations, which is proper?

The NKJV says: “Therefore, laying aside all malice, all deceit, hypocrisy, envy, and all evil speaking, as newborn babes, desire the pure milk of the word, that you may grow thereby, if indeed you ...
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1 answer
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(Proverbs 17:19 b) "raises his door" Vs "makes his door high"/"exalts his gate"

(Closely Related Posting: In Proverbs 17:19, what does "makes his door high" mean? ) 17:19 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex אֹ֣הֵֽב פֶּ֭שַׁע אֹהֵ֣ב מַצָּ֑ה מַגְבִּ֥יהַּ פִּ֝תְחֹ֗ו ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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How does the NLT translates Galatians 3:20?

Galatians 3:20 NLT Now a mediator is needed if two people enter into an agreement, but God acted on his own when he made his promise to Abraham. KJV Galatians 3 : 20 Now a mediator is not a ...
4 votes
1 answer
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Revelation 10:11. Prophecy ABOUT many nations or TO many nations

Revelation 10:11 gets translated two different ways. The predominant translation is that John is commanded to prophecy about other nations, but a few translations have John commanded to prophecy to ...
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1 answer
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(Proverbs 17:16) "fools" setting a "price" on "wisdom" when they have "No sense" and/or they have "No heart" for it (Multiple /layered meanings)

( Related Postings: Psalm 37:4 & Psalm 20:4 "...grant you your heart’s desire..." and "...give you the desires of your heart..." "dual-natured layers of meaning" ) ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is "ho theos" and “ theos” consistently translated in 2 Corinthians 4:4 and John 1:1?

In 2 Corinthians 4:4, we find (ho theos) as it was used in John 1:1 to describe the Devil, but, the system of translation changed. “ ὁ (ho)the θεὸς (theos) god of this world (the Devil) hath blinded ...
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1 answer
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Why does the KJV translate Acts 5:24 the way it does?

KJV Acts 5 : 24 Now when the high priest and the captain of the temple and the chief priests heard these things, they doubted of them whereunto this would grow. Acts 5:24 ESV: Now when the captain ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Elaborate on what Proverbs 14:9a says about "fools" and "sin" in order to get a deeper understanding. (layers of meaning)

משלי 14:9 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex אֱ֭וִלִים יָלִ֣יץ אָשָׁ֑ם וּבֵ֖ין יְשָׁרִ֣ים רָצֹֽון׃ Proverbs 14:9 (New American Standard Bible 1995) 9 Fools mock at [a]sin, But among the upright ...
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Valley of the shadow of death [duplicate]

Hi everyone I'm new to faith. Could anyone please help me with what it means to walk through the valley of the shadow of death. My first thought was its the path of life. Within the shadow of death. ...
1 vote
2 answers
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What is the most accurate English translation of John 16:25 with respect to “figurative language”?

I understand that the definition of παροιμία (paroimia) in John 16:25 is: “a by-word, proverb, adage, 2 Pet. 2:22; in NT an obscure saying, enigma, Jn. 16:25, 29; a parable, similitude, figurative ...
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2 votes
5 answers
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Is there a theological difference between asking "What will it profit a man to have faith without works?" and "What will it profit a man who says he

has faith and does not have works?" James 2:14 is the verse in question. James does not pose the first question, but the second one. Various translations put it: “What doth it profit, my ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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What is the deeper contextual meaning of Mark 4:11's "outside"?

Mark 4:10-12 New American Standard Bible 1995 10 As soon as He was alone, [a]His followers, along with the twelve, began asking Him about the parables. 11 And He was saying to them, “To you has been ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Proverbs 11:16 joins 2 clauses with "and" or "but" ( however, "as" or "like" is more suitable )

Proverbs 11:16 New American Standard Bible 1995 16 A gracious woman attains honor, And ruthless men attain riches. Proverbs 11:16 English Standard Version 16 A gracious woman gets honor, and violent ...
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8 votes
5 answers
477 views

Greek question Philippians 3:9 is it "faith in Christ" or "faith of Christ"

I'm looking at Philippians 3:9 and be found in Him, not having my own righteousness, which is from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God by faith; (...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How Can You Tell that a Text a "Translates Beautifully into Hebrew"? How does this apply to the Synoptic Problem?

This answer about possible Lukan-priority of the gospel accounts uses as a major piece of evidence that it "Translates Beautifully into Hebrew". Is this a (semi-)objective approach that ...
9 votes
5 answers
403 views

Translation of Romans 7:5 sinful passions aroused by the law

Many translations of Romans 7:5 have a phrase like "the sinful passions which were aroused by the law". This seems puzzling to me because it doesn't make sense that the law would "...
2 votes
1 answer
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Is the "house" in Ezekiel 40:5 according to some translations, the Temple of Yahweh?

Why is the word Bayith (Strong's 1004) in Ezekiel 40:5 translated by some as Temple and others as House? For example: And behold a wall on the outside of the house round about (KJV) I saw a wall ...
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3 votes
3 answers
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Congregation or congregrations? מקוה in Genesis 1:10

Genesis 1:10 ויקרא אלהים ליבשה ארץ ולמקוה המים קרא ימים וירא אלהים כי טוב Vulgate: Et vocavit Deus aridam Terram, congregationesque aquarum appellavit Maria. Et vidit Deus quod esset bonum. LXX: καὶ ...
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2 answers
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Do the (Isaiah 29:7-9) and (Ecclesiastes 5:3) bible verses relate to dreams and visions associated with fleshly desires as opposed to Godly?

Related Question Postings: https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/a/30584/19810 Analyzing ( Jeremiah 29:8 ) rejection of other prophets prophecy by keeping Jeremiah 28 & Jeremiah 29 in context I ...
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If the greek word "autou" "his " is the original word used in Hebrews 1:8, why is the greek word "sou" "your " preferred by most translations? [duplicate]

Hebrews 1:8 NIV But about the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom. Hebrews 1:8 NASB But regarding the Son He says, “...
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1 vote
3 answers
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Acts 6:3 -Does a person full of "the Spirit" still need wisdom?

What does the men "full of (the)Spirit mean,"full of the Holy Spirit? Can the men full of "the Spirit" (=the Holy Spirit) as rendered in all Eng. Translations,lack anything? (In ...
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2 votes
2 answers
46 views

Does Proverbs 5:22a mean that one particular person's inquities would also cause others involved to be punished/disciplined?

Proverbs 5:21-23 New American Standard Bible 1995 21 For the ways of a man are before the eyes of the Lord, And He watches all his paths. 22 His own iniquities will capture the wicked, And he will be ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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What is the best translation of Ephesians 2:15? [duplicate]

Ephesians 2:15 YLT the enmity in his flesh, the law of the commands in ordinances having done away, that the two he might create in himself into one new man, making peace, Ephesians 2:15 KJV Having ...
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1 answer
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How does the ESV translate הָעֹבֵר Iin Exodus 30:14?

יד כֹּל, הָעֹבֵר עַל-הַפְּקֻדִים, מִבֶּן עֶשְׂרִים שָׁנָה, וָמָעְלָה--יִתֵּן, תְּרוּמַת יְהוָה Exodus 30:14 ESV Everyone who is numbered in the census, from twenty years old and upward, shall give ...
2 votes
2 answers
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What is the ancient context of "raised you up", Ex 9:16?

I am studying Exodus right now, and have been digging deep into the Lord hardening Pharaoh's heart. In Exodus 9:15-16, the Lord speaks through Moses to Pharaoh and says, 15For by now I could have put ...
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1 answer
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Does γέγονεν in John 1:15 indicate that Jesus had a beginning? [duplicate]

John 1:15 (NASB95) John testified about Him and cried out, saying, “This was He of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me has a higher rank than I, for He existed before me.’“ Most translations choose ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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What is the correct word for TEMPLE in koine Greek?

I am currently doing research into the correct understanding between the two Greek words that seem to always be somewhat confused when it comes to translating the words - Temple and Sancruary. My ...
0 votes
1 answer
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Psalm 16:2 first person or second person

Some translations render “said” in Psalm 16:2 as first person singular, while others choose second person singular. Which of these two translations has a stronger textual basis? From what I can see, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why is "ho theos" translated as "O God" in Hebrews 1:8 when "ho" is translated as "the" throughout the New Testament? Are there better translations? [duplicate]

'o qronoV sou 'o qeoV eiV ton aiwna tou aiwnoV ho thronos sou ho theos eis ton aiona tou ainos the throne of you the God to the age of the age The same ho theos is in Hebrews 1:9 but ...
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7 votes
3 answers
540 views

John 6:39 and Jesus' Confidence

I've done a decent amount of study from theologians and teachers of the Word regarding John 6:37-40, I've even studied it apart from the teachers. It seems most apparent and obvious that Jesus will ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Psalm 149:5-9's indication that "godly ones" will execute "vengeance" in light of Romans 12:19 & Leviticus 19:18 prohibiting vengeance?

How do we reason the use of Psalm 149:5-9's indication that "godly ones" will execute "vengeance" in light of Romans 12:19 & Leviticus 19:18 emphasizing prohibiting vengeance? ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Analyze , & expound upon whether Hebrew translation of Isaiah 26:3a added emphasis on "steadfast"/"mind on" being on God or Does Not

Sorry if I sound nit-picky. Some English translations for Isaiah 26:3a add the emphasis the person being "steadfast"/"mind on" -God -while others do Not Therefore, could someone ...
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