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Questions tagged [septuagint]

The Koine Greek translation of the Jewish Scriptures; often abbreviated "LXX".

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Why does the LXX occcassionally have “fear God” instead of “fear the Lord” in Proverbs?

The fear of the LORD (YHVH) is found throughout Proverbs. In the KJV, the exact phrase occurs 14 times; twice it is feareth the LORD; once fear the LORD and once fear thou the LORD. What I find ...
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Is unclean ακαθαρτος / ακαθαρτον in the NT the same as in the OT LXX of the Law (Pentateuch)?

In reading the New Testament Epistles the words rooted in ακαθαρτ translated 'unclean' in the KJV are listed among sinful actions: Ephesians 5:5  For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean ...
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1 Maccabees timeline, “years”

I am reading 1 Maccabees and understand that these events took place around 150 B.C. In the book, the years progress upwards ex. from 150 to to 160. What timeline were the authors of this book going ...
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What is the difference between “logos ( λόγος )” in 1 Corinthians 12:8 and “rhema ( ῥήματος)” in Matthew 26:75?

What is the difference between "logos ( λόγος )" in 1 Corinthians 12:8 and "rhema ( ῥήματος)" in Matthew 26:75? There is a background to this question. This article "Rhema and Logos: There Is No ...
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Does the postfixed χ in Jewish Greek transliterations simply denote the aleph, i.e. vs. other vowels?

The Hebrew א and the Greek χ (especially in their typical manuscript form) look very similar. 'Jewish Greek' (Septuagintic/Diaspora/NT Greek) already being an insiders language (inasmuch it's ...
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MT “will strike” & LXX “will watch carefully” (Gen 3:15)?

I haven't seen this question asked at all in the threads I've searched, so this shouldn't be a duplicate. I've been looking for answers about God's curse over the serpent in Gen 3:15. The question I ...
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Does the Septuagint more accurately translate Genesis 15:6 than English translations?

Genesis 15:6 : ... and he counted it to him for righteousness. KJV. ... and He reckoneth it to him -- righteousness. Young's Literal. ... And He counted it to him for righteousness. Green'...
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Can a joint meaning of 'word of death' be derived for Isaiah 9:7 / 9:8 on account of the different words used in the Greek LXX and Hebrew Texts?

I would like to see some answers as to the discrepancy between the Hebrew and the LXX Greek Text concerning the subject matter of what is read in verse 8 of the KJV, but in other translations it can ...
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Translation of “Chesed” in the Septuagint, LXX

My question is about the Greek word that was used to translate "chesed" Psalm 136:1 in the Septuagint. Is the same Greek word always used to translate "chesed" in the Septuagint?
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Why is חַוָּ֑ה (Gen. 3:20; 4:1) translated “Eve” in KJV (both cases) and “Ζωή” in Gen. 3:20 (LXX), yet “Ευαν” in Gen. 4:1 (LXX)?

The Hebrew proper noun, חַוָּ֑ה, in Genesis 3:20 and Genesis 4:1, is transliterated "Eve" in both cases in the KJV, yet "Ζωή" and "Ευαν" (Gen. 3:20; 4:1, respectively) in the LXX. It should be "Chavah"...
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Abimelekh (Αβιμελεχ) in the LXX

Repeatedly in Ruth (e.g. 1:2, 1:3, 2:1...) and in I Samuel (21:1, 21:6, 21:8, 22:9), the LXX (in all printed critical versions, although some manuscripts correct this, see here for details) as well as ...
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In Psalm 23:6 why is the word God /θεοῦ added in the LXX but lacking in the Hebrew Psalm 24:6 in it's equivalent אלהים?

LXX Psa 24:6  (23:6) αὕτη ἡ γενεὰ ζητούντων αὐτόν, ζητούντων τὸ πρόσωπον τοῦ θεοῦ Ιακωβ. διάψαλμα.  Hebrew Text Psa 24:6  זה דור דרשׁו מבקשׁי פניך יעקב סלה׃  This in some ways, while it in ...
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Is Romans 3:10 a quote from the Septuagint?

Romans 3:10 : There is none righteous, no, not one: is usually attributed to Psalm 14 :3 there is none that doeth good, no, not one. and to Psalm 53:1 there is none that doeth good, no, not ...
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Why does the LXX translate דֹּדֶ֖יךָ as μαστοί in Song of Songs 1:2?

Song of Songs 1:2 Hebrew: יִשָּׁקֵ֙נִי֙ מִנְּשִׁיקֹ֣ות פִּ֔יהוּ כִּֽי־טֹובִ֥ים דֹּדֶ֖יךָ מִיָּֽיִן׃ KJV: Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine. ...
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In 2 Thessalonians 2:1-2 is Paul's reference to “our gathering with him” an allusion to Psalm 46:10 LXX?

Paul associates the coming of Christ with "our gathering together to him": [2Th 2:1-2 NASB] 1 Now we request you, brethren, with regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering ...
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In 1 Corinthians 14:15 is Paul alluding to Psalm 46:7-8 LXX?

In 1 Corinthians 14:15 Paul is admonishing the Corinthians for "wasting their breath" by addressing God and others (including unbelievers) in languages that were not understood by the hearers: [1Co ...
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Was ἀλλογενής “created” by the LXX translators as a way to distinguish a certain type of foreigner, such as a Samaritan?

After healing ten lepers, one, whom Luke identifies as a Samaritan, returns: Then one of them, when he saw that he was healed, turned back, praising God with a loud voice; and he fell on his face ...
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In Psalm 82:1 who are in the “congregation” and who are the “gods”?

How should we understand Psalm 82:1? God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods. Who is the congregation? And who are the gods? According to other answers here ...
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How to read the geographical data in Tobit 1:2 א

(Tobit 1:2, Codex Sinaiticus) ὃς ᾐχμαλωτεύθη ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις Ἐνεμεσσάρου τοῦ βασιλέως τῶν Ἀσσυρίων ἐκ Θίσβης ἥ ἐστιν ἐκ δεξιῶν Κυδιὼς τῆς Νεφθαλὶμ ἐν τῇ ἄνω Γαλιλαίᾳ ὑπεράνω Ἀσσὴρ ὀπίσω ὁδοῦ δυσμῶν ...
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Where does the quote in 1 Corinthians 2:9 come from?

I have searched with my bible app and I don't seem to find it. 1 Corinthians 2:9 NIV 9 However, as it is written: “What no eye has seen, what no ear has heard, and what no human mind has ...
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Did Lancelot Charles Lee Brenton borrow from the King James Version (KJV) when translating or editing his English Septuagint?

There are some New Testament allusions or quotations in the King James Version (KJV) that don't precisely match the Old Testament (KJV) source that they point to; however, such allusions or quotations ...
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When is the Septuagint containing manuscript “Codex Sinaiticus” dated?

I would like to know the dating of this particular manuscript that contains Deuteronomy in the Septuagint version. How do I find that out? I mean was it written before 3rd century BC or was it ...
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Which Tobit 1:1 genealogy is closer to the original?

What did the genealogy look like in the original version of Tobit? Did it look like the one in Vaticanus, or like the one in Sinaiticus, or neither? Tobit 1:1: Codex Vaticanus B — ΒΙΒΛΟΣ ΛΟΓΩΝ ...
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Why does Jesus' wording of the Shema include the addition of 'and with all your mind?'

The vast majority of translations of Deuteronomy 6:4-5 read something like this: "Hear, O Israel, YHWH is our god; YHWH is one. And thou shalt love YHWH thy god with all thy heart, and with all thy ...
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What's the difference between σπέρματί σπέρμα σπέρματός

I am looking at the Septuagint and trying to figure out the differences in the word "seed" that God promised Abraham. I thought that the Greek word σπέρμα means "thy seed" in the plural and that ...
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Is “ Ὁ ὢν” used as a title for Yahweh in LXX Jeremiah?

While looking into a question about the Greek phrase "ο ων" ("the one being") as a title for Yahweh in Koine Greek literature, I ran across this appellation in LXX Jeremiah. It occurs three times in ...
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The LXX and Masoretic differ in Is 30:15. Do the DSS help here?

I see that the meaning of Isaiah 30:15 in the LXX differs completely from the KJV/Masoretic text. Can this difference be resolved from the DSS texts?
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Does Peter's Vision in Acts 10 Imply Blood Consumption?

A general but off-topic question was posed related to this thought. See here: What is the significance of Acts 10:13, 11:7 "make sacrificial slaughter" Acts 10:10-16 describes Peter's ...
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What is the significance of the LXX translator adding 3 stones to the King of Tyre’s covering?

The LXX lists 12 stones in the covering of the King of Tyre: And the word of the Lord came to me, saying, Son of man, take up a lamentation for the prince of Tyre, and say to him, Thus saith the ...
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Is there an “official” Septuagint; that is, one that is univesally recognized as such?

On the site called "Elpenor," they show Psalm 13:3 of the Septuagint text like this: www.ellopos.net/elpenor/greek-texts/septuagint/chapter.asp?book=24&page=13 3 πάντες ἐξέκλιναν, ἅμα ...
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What is the argument for psalm 42 and psalm 43 being different psalms?

Psalm 42 and 43 in English translation are separated following a tradition of the LXX but are translated from the MT apparently being a single composition via all the commentaries. Can you offer a ...
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Does τὸν ὄντα correspond to יהוה in Wisdom 13:1?

Wisdom 13:1-5 (translation mine) 1 Truly vain are all men by [their] nature in whom there is not the knowledge of God: who, though they have seen the good things [of creation], do not know him ...
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Does Jesus misquote Psalm 110: Who is speaking to whom?

In Psalm 110:1, the Psalmist states (roughly): Yahweh said to my master, “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet. This indicates God spoke to the ...
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What is the sense of mercy and not righteousness in the LXX translation of Deuteronomy 6:25 and 24:13?

In the introduction to the translation of Deuteronomy in the Septuagint (LXX), the NETS translator, Melvin H. K. Peters says: It is fair to say that of DeutTr typically maintains a very close ...
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Why does LXX use both “salvation” and “peace” for Hebrew “peace”?

Why does LXX use both "salvation" (Strongs 4991) and "peace" (Strongs 1515) for Hebrew "peace" (Strongs 8002)? For example, in Exodus 20:24, the LXX uses 4991: θυσιαστήριον ἐκ γῆς ποιήσετέ μοι ...
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Were NT authors aware of differences between MT and LXX

Throughout the New Testament, authors often quoted or referenced the Septuagint (LXX) - a Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, but there are several notable differences between the Hebrew text that ...
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What is an accepatable translation of the Greek in Wisdom 1:14

Which is the most accurate rendering of the meaning of the Greek in this verse? In particular, the phrase ἔκτισεν γὰρ εἰς τὸ εἶναι τὰ πάντα καὶ σωτήριοι αἱ γενέσεις τοῦ κόσμου: Wisdom 1:14 LXX ...
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Who is “he” is Genesis 15:6b? [duplicate]

Without taking in consideration the exegesis of Paul and James of this text, how do we know that the "he" in and he counted it to him as righteousness. Genesis 15:6b is God? Hebrew text for ...
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How does τελέω describe the Israelites yoking themselves to Baal of Peor as stated in the Septuagint translation of Numbers and Psalm 106(105)?

John uses the word τελέω twice at the time of Jesus’ death: [ESV throughout] After this, Jesus, knowing that all was now finished (τετέλεσται), said (to fulfill the Scripture), “I thirst.” (John 19:...
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What is the significance of using ἀγάπησιν rather than agapao in the Septuagint?

Some say the use of ἀγαπάω (agapao) in the New Testament must be understood as the exclusive verb form of ἀγάπη (agape). The Septuagint does not appear to reflect this understanding. In the LXX, the ...
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Is there significance to Jesus' tunic being kept intact while the Temple veil was torn apart?

Matthew, Mark, and John record casting lots to divide Jesus' clothing. John adds the Old Testament quote from Psalm 22:18 and provides other details: When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they ...
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Approximately how many manuscripts of the Old Testament are extant today?

When looking into this, the closest I got to an answer is that the Masoretes were great copyists, but that they also had a way of disposing of older manuscripts, through the process of burial, and ...
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In what sense is the word זנה used in judges 19:2?

Judges 19:2 (KJV) And his concubine played the whore (זנה) against him, and went away from him unto her father's house to Beth-lehem-judah, and was there four whole months. Septuagint Judges 19:2 ...
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Are there any manuscripts that confirm genealogy in the Septuagint's Genesis 5?

The genealogy in Genesis 5 as it appears in the Septuagint is very different from the geneologies of the Masoretic & Samaritan texts. For example, Methuselah lives 14 years past the flood in the ...
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What's the difference in Gen. 3:15 in the Septuagint in the word σπέρματος and σπέρματός

In the Septuagint, Gen. 3:15 says this: καὶ ἔχθραν θήσω ἀνὰ μέσον σου καὶ ἀνὰ μέσον τῆς γυναικὸς καὶ ἀνὰ μέσον τοῦ σπέρματός σου καὶ ἀνὰ μέσον τοῦ σπέρματος αὐτῆς· αὐτός σου τηρήσει κεφαλήν, καὶ σὺ ...
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Matthew 4 - How Should Galilee of the Nations be Interpreted?

Matt 4:14-16: That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles; ...
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In Proverbs 24:27, is there something in the Hebrew that suggests that a rebuild or remodel is in view?

Proverbs 24:27, in the KJV, seems to suggest that he is giving advice on a de novo [from scratch] construction plan where the land is to be productive before attempting to build a house there: KJV ...
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How does Jashobeam become Iesebaal, or Jeshebeab become Isbaal?

I was wondering if you could help me out with this. The names of Jashobeam, one of King David’s warriors (I Chon. 11:11), and Jeshebeab, one of the twenty-four families of Kohanim (I Chron. 24:13), ...
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To what end are the two subjunctives in Psalm 120,3 LXX?

Psalm 120 LXX 3 μὴ δῷς εἰς σάλον τὸν πόδα σου μηδὲ νυστάξῃ ὁ φυλάσσων σε To what end are the two subjunctives in Psalm 120,3 LXX? Do they indicate the intent of the One who is guarding? ...
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To whom or to what does αὐτοῖς refer in Ezra 5,12?

Ἔσδρας Βʹ 5, 11 καὶ τοιοῦτο ῥῆμα ἀπεκρίθησαν ἡμῖν λέγοντες ἡμεῖς ἐσμεν δοῦλοι τοῦ θεοῦ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ καὶ τῆς γῆς καὶ οἰκοδομοῦμεν τὸν οἶκον ὃς ἦν ᾠκοδομημένος πρὸ τούτου ἔτη πολλά καὶ βασιλεὺς τοῦ ...