Questions tagged [isaiah]

The book of Isaiah, and the 8th C prophet Isaiah.

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What does “brit am” in Isaiah 42:6 mean?

Does "brit am" in Isaiah 42:6 mean "a covenant of a people" or "a covenant people"? Or are both translations viable? [Isa 42:6 NASB] (6) "I am the LORD, I have called You in righteousness, I will ...
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Truth like undergarments

In Isaiah 11:5 it says: He will wear righteousness like a belt and truth like an undergarment. Isaiah 11:5 NLT My question is why is truth likened to undergarment?
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What does from Sabbath to Sabbath mean in Isaiah 66:23?

Isaiah 66:23 23 “And it shall be from new moon to new moon And from sabbath to sabbath, All [m]mankind will come to bow down before Me,” says the Lord. Does this mean that mankind will come ...
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Does Paul's allusion in Romans 15:20-21 to Isaiah 52:13-15 suggest that Paul considered himself to be the suffering servant of that passage?

[Rom 15:20-21 NIV] (20) It has always been my ambition to preach the gospel where Christ was not known, so that I would not be building on someone else's foundation. (21) Rather, as it is written: "...
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“Strange god” or just “stranger”

My question is regarding the translation of the Heb. זָר which basically means an alien or a stranger. However, it is used in Isa 43:12 to refer to strange gods: אָנֹכִי הִגַּדְתִּי וְהֹושַׁעְתִּי ...
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“I give” in Isaiah 43:3

I came across this quite confusing construction in Isaiah 43:3. The ESV reads, For I am the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior. I give Egypt as your ransom, Cush and Seba in ...
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My question is about the kings as recorded in the book of Isaiah

In Isaiah 6:1, was king Azariah the same as King Uzziah? Compare 2 Kings 15:1-7.
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What does Isaiah mean by saying that the LORD's “hand is stretched out still”? (Is. 5:25;9:12,17,21;10:4)

I heard explained that it means that the LORD will still extend mercy in spite of sins. I have also heard that it means just the opposite-that an extended hand in ancient Near Eastern context means a ...
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Are the righteous the ones who will live with the consuming fire and continual burning in Isaiah 33:14-15?

Isaiah 33 14 Sinners in Zion are terrified; Trembling has seized the godless. “Who among us can live with the consuming fire? Who among us can live with [k]continual burning?” 15 He who ...
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In Luke 4:19 what year did Jesus announce was the “acceptable year of the Lord”?

Jesus described his mission in terms taken directly from Isaiah: [Luk 4:19 NKJV] (19) To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD." mGNT Luke 4:19 κηρύξαι ἐνιαυτὸν κυρίου δεκτόν [...
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Was Justin Martyr quoting Isaiah 65:20 in his Dialogue with Trypho? If yes from what Bible?

I was reading my bible when I stumbled on Isaiah 65:20: There shall be no more thence an infant of days, nor an old man that hath not filled his days: for the child shall die an hundred years ...
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Is Isaiah 40:3-4 meant to be understood literally?

Isaiah 40:3-4 NASB [3]A voice is calling, "Clear the way for the Lord in the wilderness; Make smooth in the desert a highway for our God. [4]"Let every valley be lifted up, And every mountain and ...
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Did Paul think that Isaiah was about the exile of the 6th century BC or that Isaiah intended it to be about the destruction of 70ad? [closed]

The question It might (or might not) be useful to review this related question before tackling this one. In this excellent but imperfect paper the author points to the many instances where Paul ...
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Are the 70 weeks of Daniel and Jeremiah prophecies about the Babylonian exile of the 6th century BC or about the age of the Messiah?

Jeremiah ostensibly predicted that Israel would be destroyed and be in captivity to Babylon for 70 years: [Jer 25:11 NLT] 11 This entire land will become a desolate wasteland. Israel and her ...
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How long were ancient sermons? [closed]

In Lk 4;18-21 Jesus reads & comments on Isaiah. Both reading & "sermon" seem very short. Do we have any idea what was the normal length of either?
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Isaiah 12:2: Why do some translations use 'song' and others use 'defence'?

In Isaiah 12:2 (NIV), it says: ...The LORD ... is my strength and my defence*... *Or song In other translations, such as the KJV and NLT, it is translated directly to 'song' which no mention ...
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Isa 28:12 hebrew word margeah (meaning - refreshing) translated to greek suntrimma (meaning -destruction) why?

In Isaiah 28:12 we have ToH413 whomH834 he said,H559 ThisH2063 is the restH4496 wherewith ye may cause the wearyH5889 to rest;H5117 and thisH2063 is the refreshing:H4774 yet they wouldH14 notH3808 ...
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What does צבאות actually mean, and why was it only ever transliterated into Greek and not translated?

Revelation 4:8 (DRB) And the four living creatures had each of them six wings; and round about and within they are full of eyes. And they rested not day and night, saying: Holy, holy, holy, Lord ...
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Are the repetitions in Isaiah intended to reinforce the idea of “double retribution”?

In several places in Isaiah 43:11 to 52:11 (and I believe other places) he repeats phrases: [Isa 43:11, 25 CSB] 11 "I ​-- ​I am the LORD. Besides me, there is no Savior. ... 25 "I ​-- ​I sweep away ...
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Do Isaiah 64:8-9 and Romans 11 indicate that the vessels of wrath have hope? [closed]

The imagery of a divine potter picking out some Jews to be hardened to the messiah and being reserved for destruction is for many of us unsettling. It is for many a kind of "fly in the ointment" that "...
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Meanings of “Himself” in Hebrew (Isaiah 53:6 and Gen 22:8)

Question about a Hebrew grammatical allowance I heard of a long time ago and I cant remember where: In either if these two passages: Isaiah 53:6 (NKJV) "All we like sheep have gone astray; We have ...
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Does Isaiah 11:6-9 speak of the harmony we hope to see in Heaven? If yes, then will animals be found there?

Isaiah 11:6-9 reads: 6 The wolf shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the young goat, and the calf and the lion and the fattened calf together; and a little ...
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To whom is Isaiah 28:16 referring?

Isaiah 28:16 KJV 16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make ...
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Who is the antecedent of 'him" in Isaiah 59:16?

Isaiah 59:16 KJV 16 And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him Who is the ...
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In Isaiah 9:6, why is “Eternal Father” the preferred translation rather than the more literal “Father of Eternity”?

I wanted to know why most translations seem to use "Eternal (or Everlasting) Father" and others use "Father of Eternity" in Isaiah 9:6. I found the following statement in an answer to a different ...
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In Isaiah 6:2 whose face and feet are the Seraphim covering with their wings?

In reading Isaiah 6:2 the translation is generally "with two he covered his face" and also "with two he covered his feet" - meaning that the Seraphim are hiding their own faces and feet from either ...
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In Isaiah 59:21 are the descendants of the apostles (even today) likewise infallible?

KJV Isaiah 59: (20) And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD. (21) As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My ...
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How should Isaiah 59:19 be translated and understood?

YLT Isaiah 59:19 And they fear from the west the name of Jehovah, And from the rising of the sun -- His honour, When come in as a flood doth an adversary, The Spirit of Jehovah hath raised an ensign ...
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In Isaiah 60:5 what turns to Israel from the sea?

Is Isaiah 60:5 saying that: "All of the fish of the sea swim to your shore"? "All the treasures of the sea are extracted for you on your shore"? "Ships come from across the sea bearing goods"? And ...
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Does the Sixth Seal in Revelation 6:12 refer to the Medo-Persian Empire?

Revelation 6:12-17 (YLT): ... And I saw when he opened the sixth seal, and lo, a great earthquake came, and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood, and ...
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In Isaiah 5:13 what knowledge did Israel lack?

The scripture says: Therefore my people go into exile for lack of knowledge; their honored men go hungry, and their multitude is parched with thirst. (Isaiah 5:13 ESV) What knowledge did they lack?
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Is Romans 11:11 an allusion to Isaiah 8:14?

Romans 11:11 NKJV 11 I say then, have they stumbled that they should fall? Certainly not! But through their fall, to provoke them to jealousy, salvation has come to the Gentiles. Isaiah 8:14 NKJV ...
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Is the rider of the 4th horse in Revelation 6:7-8 a king of Egypt?

YLT Revelation 6:7-8 ... And when he opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature saying, 'Come and behold!' and I saw, and lo, a pale horse, and he who is ...
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In Isaiah 44:6, to whom is the second usage of the word Lord referring?

Isaiah 44:6 (KJV) 6 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God. The word LORD in both cases in ...
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Are the two riders of the fourth horse in Revelation 6:7-8 kings of Egypt and Cush?

YLT Revelation 6:7-8 ... And when he opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature saying, 'Come and behold!' and I saw, and lo, a pale horse, and he who is ...
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Is the first horseman in Revelation 6:1-2 a king of Assyria?

In another question I asked if the crown in Revelation 6:2 and the crown of Ephraim's drunkards in Isaiah 29:1 were the same kind of crowns. According to Dr Peter McGowan's (in my opinion really good) ...
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Are the crown given to the first horseman in Revelation 6:2 and the crown in Isaiah 28:1 the same kinds of crowns?

Are the crown given to the first horseman in Revelation 6:2 and the crown of the drunkards of Ephraim given to the strong one in Isaiah 28:1 the same kinds of crowns?
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The Book of Acts and the Elamites

The Elamites are the most curious group of people in the entire Bible. They first appear in the Book of Genesis where they are the sovereign kings over the vassal-states of the cities of the plain. ...
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Who is the other servant, Israel of God? [closed]

Isaiah 49:3 He said to Me, "You are My Servant, Israel, In Whom I will show My glory." Isaiah 42:19-20 Who is blind but My servant, Or so deaf as My messenger whom I send? Who is so blind ...
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In Isaiah 60:16 why did Isaiah speak of kings as a mother?

I know that the Prophet Isaiah made several allusions to kings and queens probably because he was the cousin of King Uzziah. According to New World Encyclopedia: His ease of access to the court ...
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What do porcupines symbolise in the Holy Bible?

(Isaiah 14:23, English Revised Version) I will also make it a possession for the porcupine, and pools of water: and I will sweep it with the besom of destruction, saith the LORD of hosts. (Isaiah ...
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How to understand these pairs of lawful & unlawful sacrifices in Isaiah 66:3?

Isaia 66:3 NASB 3 “But he who kills an ox is like one who slays a man; He who sacrifices a lamb is like the one who breaks a dog’s neck; He who offers a grain offering is like one who offers ...
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Are the words Tartan and Rabshakeh Assyrian titles or proper names in Isaiah?

A recent argument involved two passages from Iasiah, 20:1 and 36:2: When looking at the most modern translations and comparing them with older ones there is – as a tendency I presume – a glaring ...
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In Isaiah 51:16 is God promising a “new creation”?

This must be a difficult verse to translate because the translations are all over the map: KJV Isa 51:16  And I have put my words in thy mouth, and I have covered thee in the shadow of mine hand, ...
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In Isaiah 29:6 should פָּקַד be translated as “visited” or “inspected”?

Can the word translated as "visited" in Isaiah 29:6 be more accurately translated as "inspected" as it is translated in the Youngs Literal Translation?: YLT Isa 29:6  By Jehovah of Hosts thou art ...
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Does Isaiah 51:4 speak of a new law?

KJV Isaiah 51 4 Hearken unto me, my people; and give ear unto me, O my nation: for a law shall proceed from me, and I will make my judgment to rest for a light of the people. 5 My ...
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In Isaiah 45:23 is God saying that all shall bow to God or to Cyrus?

NIV Isaiah 45:23 By myself I have sworn, my mouth has uttered in all integrity a word that will not be revoked: Before me every knee will bow; by me every tongue will swear. In the BibleHub ...
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In Isaiah 44:6, who/what does the word “his” refer to?

Isaiah 44:6 Thus said Jehovah, king of Israel, And his Redeemer, Jehovah of Hosts: `I [am] the first, and I the last, And besides Me there is no God. (Young's Literal Translation) In this verse, ...
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What is meant by “loose the loins of kings”?

What is meant by "loose the loins of kings" in Isaiah 45:1?
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What is the “double” mentioned in Isaiah 40:2?

Isaiah 40:1-2 (KJV) 1 Comfort ye, comfort ye my people, saith your God. 2 Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that her warfare is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned: ...