Questions tagged [isaiah]

The book of Isaiah, and the 8th C prophet Isaiah.

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170 views

Should there be a comma between “Wonderful” and “Counselor” in Isa. 9:6?

Isaiah 9:6 says: For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father,...
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Is Isaiah 9:6-7 relating to Jesus the covenant promises of Abraham from Genesis 17:1-8?

I have often heard it suggested that by Isaiah referring to the Messiah as "Everlasting Father" as a name, or part of his name, Isaiah is saying that the Messiah was to be "fully God" or something to ...
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Regarding what historical or prophetic time/situation does Isaiah 29 speak with regard to a union of Egypt, Assyria and Israel?

[NLT Isaiah 19]: 23 In that day Egypt and Assyria will be connected by a highway. The Egyptians and Assyrians will move freely between their lands, and they will both worship God. 24 In that day ...
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Isaiah 14:6 - KJV/NKJV disagrees with other translations?

Below are different English Bible translations of Isaiah 14:5-6. Verse 5 is included for context. KJV 5The LORD hath broken the staff of the wicked, and the sceptre of the rulers. 6He who smote ...
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A male child is born to us

Is there a difference, even very small, in the meaning of: A male child is born to us. vs A male child has been born to us. The "is born" is rather unusual in English. What is the best ...
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In Matthew 8:17 is he saying that Jesus fulfilled Isaiah 53:4 by healing some people or by taking away all disease from his people?

Working only inductively from the text... In Matthew 8:17, is Matthew saying that as predicted Jesus healed some people in his ministry OR that Jesus dealt definitively with all human disease by "...
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Does God have fury or not?

Isa 27:4 Fury is not in me: who would set the briers and thorns against me in battle? I would go through them, I would burn them together. View more But in other places it says that God has fury ...
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Other Lords besides God? Does this contradict the first commandment?

Kjv) Isa 26:13 O LORD our God, other lords beside thee have had dominion over us: but by thee only will we make mention of thy name. (H i s b) isa 26:13 אֱלֹהֵ֔ינוּ H430 'e·lo·Hei·nu, our God ...
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Is the reference to “a name that doesn't disappear” in Isaiah 66:22 an allusion, in contrast to Genesis 11:4?

Is the reference to "a name that doesn't disappear" in Isaiah 66:22 an allusion, in contrast to Genesis 11:4? What does it promise to new covenant believers?: [Gen 11:4 NIV] (4) Then they said, "...
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What is Isaiah 29:4 describing when he says “deep from the earth you shall speak”?

[Isa 29:3-5 NLT] (3) I will be your enemy, surrounding Jerusalem and attacking its walls. I will build siege towers and destroy it. (4) Then deep from the earth you will speak; from low in the dust ...
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Is Isaiah 27.9 in reference to the expiation of Jacob's iniquity by the altar's destruction in 70 CE?

Is Isaiah 27.9 in reference to the expiation of Jacob's iniquity by the altar's destruction in 70 CE? Isaiah 27.9: Therefore by this shall the iniquity of Jacob be expiated, And this is all ...
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Were Words omitted?

Isaiah 53:10 AKJV Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief: when you shall make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure ...
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Is “from the palace” an alternate understanding of מֵהֵיכָל in Isaiah 66:6?

מֵֽהֵיכָ֑ל is uniformly translated as "from the temple" in Isaiah 66:6. For example, the ESV: “The sound of an uproar from the city! A sound from the temple! The sound of the LORD, rendering ...
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In Isaiah 1:3 LXX, what is “τὸν κτησάμενον”?

The word is not found in BDAG because it is only used in the OT, not in the NT.However, this is what the other Lexicons have: https://logeion.uchicago.edu/κτάομαι [Isa 1:3 LXX] (3) ἔγνω βοῦς τὸν ...
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In Isaiah 1:3, what is the “master's crib”?

[Isa 1:2-4 ESV] (2) Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth; for the LORD has spoken: "Children have I reared and brought up, but they have rebelled against me. (3) The ox knows its owner, and the ...
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Was Isaiah loved 'from the pit', Isaiah 38:17?

I noticed that the KJV gives Isaiah 38:17 as : ... thou hast in love to my soul delivered it from the pit of corruption ... [KJV] in which the addition, in italics, changes the meaning ...
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What mountains is Isaiah 52:7 referring to?

I have read through Isaiah 52:7 time and again. I don’t seem to be coming to terms with how the feet of him that brings the good news are beautiful upon the mountains. “How beautiful upon the ...
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Why does Ahaz refuse to seek a sign in Isaiah 7:10-12?

Isaiah 7:10-12 NIV 10 Again the Lord spoke to Ahaz, 11 “Ask the Lord your God for a sign, whether in the deepest depths or in the highest heights.” 12 But Ahaz said, “I will not ask; I will not ...
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The concepts of 'rod' and 'branch' in Isaiah 11:1?

There appear to me to be two separate concepts being expressed by the prophet Isaiah in 11:1. The first is rod/stem and the second is branch/roots. So I am interested in the Hebrew meanings of each ...
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Are “the treasures of darkness” in Isaiah 45:3 some forms of real blessings or apocalyptic coding?

Is the treasures of darkness, another reference to the hidden wealth of secret places in Isaiah 45:3. I will give you the treasures of darkness and the hoards in secret places, that you may know ...
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What is the meaning of Isaiah 45:7?

In Isaiah 45:7, it is written that God forms light, creates darkness, makes peace, and creates evil. 7 I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these ...
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Purpose of the Parables: Mark 4:10-12 and Matthew 13:10-16

Is a plausible reading of Mark 4:10-12 that Jesus teaches in parables to confuse those "on the outside" whereas in Matthew 13:10-16 Jesus claims to teach in parables in order to better instruct ...
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Why does Isiaiah rail against Israel so much?

Right from the beginning of the book of Isaiah he rails against Israel: Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the Lord hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have ...
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What does “brit am” in Isaiah 42:6 mean?

Does "brit am" in Isaiah 42:6 mean "a covenant of a people" or "a covenant people"? Or are both translations viable? [Isa 42:6 NASB] (6) "I am the LORD, I have called You in righteousness, I will ...
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Truth like undergarments

In Isaiah 11:5 it says: He will wear righteousness like a belt and truth like an undergarment. Isaiah 11:5 NLT My question is why is truth likened to undergarment?
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What does from Sabbath to Sabbath mean in Isaiah 66:23?

Isaiah 66:23 23 “And it shall be from new moon to new moon And from sabbath to sabbath, All [m]mankind will come to bow down before Me,” says the Lord. Does this mean that mankind will come ...
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Does Paul's allusion in Romans 15:20-21 to Isaiah 52:13-15 suggest that Paul considered himself to be the suffering servant of that passage?

[Rom 15:20-21 NIV] (20) It has always been my ambition to preach the gospel where Christ was not known, so that I would not be building on someone else's foundation. (21) Rather, as it is written: "...
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“Strange god” or just “stranger”

My question is regarding the translation of the Heb. זָר which basically means an alien or a stranger. However, it is used in Isa 43:12 to refer to strange gods: אָנֹכִי הִגַּדְתִּי וְהֹושַׁעְתִּי ...
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“I give” in Isaiah 43:3

I came across this quite confusing construction in Isaiah 43:3. The ESV reads, For I am the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior. I give Egypt as your ransom, Cush and Seba in ...
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My question is about the kings as recorded in the book of Isaiah

In Isaiah 6:1, was king Azariah the same as King Uzziah? Compare 2 Kings 15:1-7.
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What does Isaiah mean by saying that the LORD's “hand is stretched out still”? (Is. 5:25;9:12,17,21;10:4)

I heard explained that it means that the LORD will still extend mercy in spite of sins. I have also heard that it means just the opposite-that an extended hand in ancient Near Eastern context means a ...
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Are the righteous the ones who will live with the consuming fire and continual burning in Isaiah 33:14-15?

Isaiah 33 14 Sinners in Zion are terrified; Trembling has seized the godless. “Who among us can live with the consuming fire? Who among us can live with [k]continual burning?” 15 He who ...
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In Luke 4:19 what year did Jesus announce was the “acceptable year of the Lord”?

Jesus described his mission in terms taken directly from Isaiah: [Luk 4:19 NKJV] (19) To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD." mGNT Luke 4:19 κηρύξαι ἐνιαυτὸν κυρίου δεκτόν [...
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Was Justin Martyr quoting Isaiah 65:20 in his Dialogue with Trypho? If yes from what Bible?

I was reading my bible when I stumbled on Isaiah 65:20: There shall be no more thence an infant of days, nor an old man that hath not filled his days: for the child shall die an hundred years ...
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Is Isaiah 40:3-4 meant to be understood literally?

Isaiah 40:3-4 NASB [3]A voice is calling, "Clear the way for the Lord in the wilderness; Make smooth in the desert a highway for our God. [4]"Let every valley be lifted up, And every mountain and ...
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Did Paul think that Isaiah was about the exile of the 6th century BC or that Isaiah intended it to be about the destruction of 70ad? [closed]

The question It might (or might not) be useful to review this related question before tackling this one. In this excellent but imperfect paper the author points to the many instances where Paul ...
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Are the 70 weeks of Daniel and Jeremiah prophecies about the Babylonian exile of the 6th century BC or about the age of the Messiah?

Jeremiah ostensibly predicted that Israel would be destroyed and be in captivity to Babylon for 70 years: [Jer 25:11 NLT] 11 This entire land will become a desolate wasteland. Israel and her ...
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How long were ancient sermons? [closed]

In Lk 4;18-21 Jesus reads & comments on Isaiah. Both reading & "sermon" seem very short. Do we have any idea what was the normal length of either?
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Isaiah 12:2: Why do some translations use 'song' and others use 'defence'?

In Isaiah 12:2 (NIV), it says: ...The LORD ... is my strength and my defence*... *Or song In other translations, such as the KJV and NLT, it is translated directly to 'song' which no mention ...
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Isa 28:12 hebrew word margeah (meaning - refreshing) translated to greek suntrimma (meaning -destruction) why?

In Isaiah 28:12 we have ToH413 whomH834 he said,H559 ThisH2063 is the restH4496 wherewith ye may cause the wearyH5889 to rest;H5117 and thisH2063 is the refreshing:H4774 yet they wouldH14 notH3808 ...
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What does צבאות actually mean, and why was it only ever transliterated into Greek and not translated?

Revelation 4:8 (DRB) And the four living creatures had each of them six wings; and round about and within they are full of eyes. And they rested not day and night, saying: Holy, holy, holy, Lord ...
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Are the repetitions in Isaiah intended to reinforce the idea of “double retribution”?

In several places in Isaiah 43:11 to 52:11 (and I believe other places) he repeats phrases: [Isa 43:11, 25 CSB] 11 "I ​-- ​I am the LORD. Besides me, there is no Savior. ... 25 "I ​-- ​I sweep away ...
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Do Isaiah 64:8-9 and Romans 11 indicate that the vessels of wrath have hope? [closed]

The imagery of a divine potter picking out some Jews to be hardened to the messiah and being reserved for destruction is for many of us unsettling. It is for many a kind of "fly in the ointment" that "...
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Meanings of “Himself” in Hebrew (Isaiah 53:6 and Gen 22:8)

Question about a Hebrew grammatical allowance I heard of a long time ago and I cant remember where: In either if these two passages: Isaiah 53:6 (NKJV) "All we like sheep have gone astray; We have ...
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Does Isaiah 11:6-9 speak of the harmony we hope to see in Heaven? If yes, then will animals be found there?

Isaiah 11:6-9 reads: 6 The wolf shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the young goat, and the calf and the lion and the fattened calf together; and a little ...
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To whom is Isaiah 28:16 referring?

Isaiah 28:16 KJV 16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make ...
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Who is the antecedent of 'him" in Isaiah 59:16?

Isaiah 59:16 KJV 16 And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him Who is the ...
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In Isaiah 9:6, why is “Eternal Father” the preferred translation rather than the more literal “Father of Eternity”?

I wanted to know why most translations seem to use "Eternal (or Everlasting) Father" and others use "Father of Eternity" in Isaiah 9:6. I found the following statement in an answer to a different ...
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In Isaiah 6:2 whose face and feet are the Seraphim covering with their wings?

In reading Isaiah 6:2 the translation is generally "with two he covered his face" and also "with two he covered his feet" - meaning that the Seraphim are hiding their own faces and feet from either ...
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In Isaiah 59:21 are the descendants of the apostles (even today) likewise infallible?

KJV Isaiah 59: (20) And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD. (21) As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My ...