Questions tagged [intertextuality]

Intertextuality is the shaping of one text's meaning by another text. It is the interconnection between similar or related works of literature that reflect and influence an audience's interpretation of the text. Intertextual processes include allusion, quotation, plagiarism, translation and parody. (based on the Wikipedia definition)

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Is John 10:30 intended to evoke the Shema?

In John 10:30, Jesus states, "I and the Father are one." The Shema in Deuteronomy 6:4 says "Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one." At least on the surface both look somewhat similar. ...
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2 Timothy 2:12 and Jesus's Word in Mat. 10:33 are related? When is that “will deny” to occur?

If they are related, what is the warning and message to us in "pilgrims journey? Text: 2 Tim. 2: 12 -if we endure, we will also reign with him; if we deny him, he also will deny us; Matt. 10:33- ...
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Does “he came to his own (τὰ ἴδια)” - John 1:11 hold a hermeneutic key to the “four fields” in Parable of sower?

Who is the referent of "his own" in the immediate context, and in the larger context of Jesus statements-Mt. 15:24, 10:5.6, Paul in Rom. 15:8? How the the identity of the "referent" would affect ...
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Is the letter to Titus a more relevant source of John's “the Word,” ὁ λόγος, than Philo, Hellenistic philosophy, or Jewish Wisdom literature?

When considering the meaning of terms Paul applied to Jesus in the letter to Titus, the phrase "the great God and our Savior Jesus Christ" (2:13) is much debated. There are grammatical arguments for ...
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Has Isaiah 59:20 been changed in Roman 11:26?

Has the meaning of Isaiah 59:20-21 been changed? Roman 11:26: And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: “The Deliverer will come from Zion; He will remove godlessness from Jacob. Isaiah 59:...
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Is there an Old Testament basis for Hebrews 10:3?

"But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins year by year."- Hebrews 10:3. Is there justification within the Old Testament that the blood sacrificial system instituted by Yahweh simply taught ...
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Allusion between Revelation 17:10 and John 4:18, 25

In Revelation 17:10, John receives an explanation of the seven heads of a beast he has seen: They are also seven kings. Five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; but when he does come, he ...
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In Daniel, is there a connection between the 62 Years of Darius/Cyrus and the 62 Weeks?

I am interested in locating both patristic resources and peer-reviewed scholarly works, concerning the existence of a possible connection between the following two passages from the Book of Daniel : ...
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Did biblical authors intentionally use repeated words to connect passages within their writing?

In my study of the gospel of Mark, as I try to uncover Mark's intent in various passages, I rely heavily on the literary device of repeated words. Specifically, I assume that if a Greek word only ...
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Is John 3:8 an allusion to Ecclesiastes 11:5?

In John 3:8 Jesus is talking to the Pharisee and senior Jewish figure Nicodemus. "The wind bloweth where it listesth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and ...
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Is Luke 12:35-40 a parallel of Matthew 25:1-13?

Luke 12:35-40 NASB 35 “Be dressed ready for service and keep your lamps burning, 36 like servants waiting for their master to return from a wedding banquet, so that when he comes and knocks they ...
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Parallels between Balaam and the binding of Isaac?

While reading about Abraham's prophetic role, I came across a passing mention that the rabbis identified some key parallels between the Abrahamic and Balaam narratives, particularly connecting the ...
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In 1 Corinthians 14:15 is Paul alluding to Psalm 46:7-8 LXX?

In 1 Corinthians 14:15 Paul is admonishing the Corinthians for "wasting their breath" by addressing God and others (including unbelievers) in languages that were not understood by the hearers: [1Co ...
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Is Matthew 27:52 an allusion to 2 Kings 13:21?

[Mat 27:49-53 KJV] 49 The rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elias [IE: Elijah] will come to save him. 50 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. 51 And, behold, ...
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Is there a Quotation from Judith in 1 Corinthians?

Overview Reading Judith, I came across very familiar-sounding words 'murmured, and were destroyed by the destroyer, and perished by serpents:' Judith 8:22-25 (DRB) They must remember how our father ...
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Are the verses in Num. 17:12-13 misplaced?

The Israelites said to Moses, “We will die! We are lost, we are all lost! 13 Anyone who even comes near the tabernacle of the Lord will die. Are we all going to die?” The text doesn't give us a ...
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What factors attest Nehemiah 7:68 is, or is not original to Nehemiah?

Nehemiah 7:68, is missing from most Hebrew manuscripts. This fact suggests it was not in the autograph (original). Nevertheless, it is included in most English translations: 67 besides their male ...
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Is Psalm 110:6-7 an allusion to Judges 7:4-8?

BSB Psalm 110: 6He will judge the nations, heaping up the dead; He will crush the leaders far and wide. 7He will drink from the brook by the road; therefore He will lift up His head. NIV ...
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Is there symbolism in the hebrew meanings of the green poplar, almond and chestnut sticks that Jacob peeled? Gen 30:37

Genesis 30:37 (NKJV) Now Jacob took for himself rods of green poplar and of the almond and chestnut trees, peeled white strips in them, and exposed the white which was in the rods. a) The first stick ...
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Is Matthew's reference to “eunuchs” in Matthew 19:10-12 referring to celibacy?

Matthew 19:12 seems to suggest spiritual benefit from being a eunuch such that some might be led to make themselves eunuchs (castrate themselves) for the sake of the kingdom: BLB Matthew 19: 10His ...
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Numbers 23:19 Says God doesn't repent, Exodus 32:14 Says He repented?

Numbers 23:19 (KJV) God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good? ...
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What is the nature of the 'ministry' the angels gave Jesus in Mark 1:13?

Mark 1:13 (KJV) And he was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him. Parallel text Matthew 4:11 (KJV) Then the ...
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What evidence supports the theory that the author of 1 Peter was familiar with Galatians?

In another forum, a question was raised about 1 Peter which implied that the author of 1 Peter was familiar with Paul's Epistle to the Galatians. What textual evidence (within 1 Peter) supports the ...
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Does God care for oxen?

In I Corinthians, Paul seems to argue that it is unreasonable to think that a precept of the law that ostensibly deals with the care of oxen actually is written out of care for oxen, but it is instead ...
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What are the criteria for identifying an allusion?

Two recent questions have me wondering whether there are good criteria for identifying an allusion in a biblical text. An allusion seems to be a deliberate reference to another text, albeit in a ...