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Investigation into the meaning or use of an individual word across a body of writing.

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Was Jesus hungry or very hungry after 40 days?

The temptation of Jesus in the wilderness is summarised thus: Matthew 4:2 (see for example BibleHub and also Luk 4:2) KJV: And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was ...
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1answer
52 views

Why עשה instead of ברא in Genesis 1:7?

Genesis 1:7 ויעש אלהים את־הרקיע ויבדל בין המים אשר מתחת לרקיע ובין המים אשר מעל לרקיע ויהי־כן׃ And God made the firmament, and divided between the waters which were under the firmament and ...
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2answers
77 views

In Micah 2:12-13, what is a “breaker”?

In Micah 2:12-13 Micah predicts the arrival of the messiah whom he refers to as "the breaker" (הַפֹּרֵץ֙): KJV Micah 2: 12I will surely assemble, O Jacob, all of you; I will surely gather the ...
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1answer
22 views

In Proverbs 1:8 is it “mother's law” or “mother's instruction”?

Could the word ‘torah’ be more universal in use as law/teaching/instruction or could this use in proverbs mean that the mother also taught the Law? I guess what I am trying to ascertain is whether ...
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1answer
51 views

In Psalm 22:16, is “pierced” or “like a lion” correct? [duplicate]

King James Bible For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet JPS Tanakh 1917 For dogs have encompassed me; A company of evil-doers ...
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1answer
38 views

In 1 Corinthians 7:11-15 does Paul consider “separation” an alternative to divorce?

Does Paul write in 1 Corinthians 7:11-15 about divorce OR separation? The original (Greek) text seems to be here quite clear, but church' interpretation still doesn't see difference: KJV 1Co 7:11  ...
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2answers
52 views

In Isaiah 29:6 should פָּקַד be translated as “visited” or “inspected”?

Can the word translated as "visited" in Isaiah 29:6 be more accurately translated as "inspected" as it is translated in the Youngs Literal Translation?: YLT Isa 29:6  By Jehovah of Hosts thou art ...
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2answers
62 views

Were Rahab (Joshua 2) and the two women with the dead baby (1 Kings 3:16) really prostitutes or just inn keepers?

According to the "Treasury of Scripture" the word for "prostitute" and the word for "inn keeper" are the same word: harlots The word {zanoth}, rendered {harlots}, is here translated by the ...
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3answers
84 views

Then who will save a woman those who are not bearing child?

God demands holiness, faith and love, and self-control from all mankind. I don't understand in what point Apostle Paul have said this "Yet she will be saved through childbearing-if they continue in ...
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4answers
75 views

In John 3:35, what are the “all things” that are given into Christ's hands?

Verse 35 comes before verse 36 where everlasting life is contrasted with the wrath of God. So perhaps "all" refers to both of these. Verse 33 and verse 34 are about things of the Spirit and verse 31 ...
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3answers
77 views

What does “as” mean in Matthew 6:10?

In Mat 6:10 "as" could be "because", alternatively it could be "in the same way". Your will be done on earth because it is done in heaven, or, your will be done in the same way/as it is in heaven? ...
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3answers
52 views

In Romans 1:24 what does Paul mean by παρέδωκεν (“gave them over”)?

NIV Romans 1:24 Therefore God gave them over in the sinful desires of their hearts to sexual impurity for the degrading of their bodies with one another. What, in this context does παρέδωκεν ("...
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2answers
48 views

In Psalm 68:31 How come Princes come out from Egypt when Ezekiel 30:13 says “There shall no longer be princes from Egypt”?

According to Ezekiel 29:15; Egypt will be the basest of the nations never again to rise above the power of its neighbors. Modern Egypt doesn't meet this criteria so I guess that this prophecy ...
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4answers
106 views

In John 1:3 to what does πᾶς refer?

In John 3:20 pas are people. In John 14:26 panta are words and memories. In John 1:3 is πᾶς referring to the tangible objects made in Genesis 1 or also to abstractions and the things men seem to do ...
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3answers
131 views

In Genesis 1:1 why בראשית instead of בראש?

Genesis 1:1 בראשית ברא אלהים את השמים ואת הארץ׃ Question: Why did the Author of Genesis choose the word בראשית instead of בראש? I am pretty sure that the word ראשית is derived from ראש, but I am not ...
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2answers
106 views

What was the nature of the 'cord' in Gen 38:18?

In Gen. 38:18 it is recorded how Judah gave Tamar a 'cord' (Hebrew: פתיל), among other possessions, as a pledge, He said, "What pledge should I give you?" "Your seal and its cord, and the staff ...
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2answers
85 views

In Zechariah 12:10 what is the effect of אֵת (in conjunction with “to me”)? [duplicate]

KJV Zec 12:10  And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they ...
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0answers
61 views

Does “all things” always mean the same in these seven verses?

John 1:3 All thingsπάντα were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. John 3:35 The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all thingsπάντα into his hand. Romans 11:36 For ...
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In John 4:21-23 What does “But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth” means?

John 4:21 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father. 4:22 Ye worship ye know not what: we know what ...
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1answer
67 views

In John 4:51 why a son (παῖς) and not a son (υἱός)?

υἱός is most common way to call a child a son. In John, this word is used 57 times. However, there is one instance where παῖς is used: As he was going down, his servants met him and told him that ...
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In accordance with Noah's prophecy concerning Shem, Ham and Japheth, is there any significance in the number of sons recorded in the text?

Genesis 10:2 (NKJV) The sons of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. v6) The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. v22) The sons of Shem ...
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1answer
91 views

Hebrews 12:2 “for the joy” or “instead of the joy”?

Hbr 12:1-2 keeping our eyes fixed on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of our faith. For the joy set out for him he endured the cross, disregarding its shame, and has taken his seat at the right ...
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1answer
78 views

In Hebrews 9:16 does the author understand the covenant (διαθήκη) to be a “last will and testament”?

I notice that many English translations render διαθήκη in Hebrews 9:16 as either "will" or "testament": http://biblehub.com/hebrews/9-16.htm Is that correct or should it just be rendered "covenant" ...
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1answer
68 views

In John 4:18 is Jesus accusing the woman at the well of fornication or of adultery?

John 4:18 reports Jesus saying οὐκ ἔστιν σου ἀνήρ. Does the οὐκ govern σου or ἀνήρ? If the former, does it mean he’s a man but he’s not yours; and if the latter, does it imply he’s not a man, since ...
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3answers
137 views

Is Leviticus 21:4 about a “chief”, “husband” or a “close relative”?

The Hebrew reads, לֹא יִטַּמָּא בַּעַל בְּעַמָּיו לְהֵחַלּוֹ There is disagreement between the translations as to how exactly we should translate this passage. The NET and KJV translations ...
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1answer
147 views

What is the meaning of the Hebrew name 'I-chabod' in 1 Samuel 4:21?

A new-born son was named 'I-chabod' by the dying mother. She said, ‘The glory has departed from Israel’ but the word also seems to infer a question, ‘Where is the glory?’ I note from a commentary that ...
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6answers
149 views

In John 11:26 what is the meaning of “die”?

John 11:26 (version-A) and whoever lives by believing in me will never die. Do you believe this? The translation of this verse in my native language, in English will be like this : John 11:26 (...
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2answers
106 views

In Genesis 9:20-24 why is Ham, the second born, referred to as the “younger son”?

Genesis 9:20-24 NKJV And Noah began to be a farmer, and he planted a vineyard. Then he drank of the wine and was drunk, and became uncovered in his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw ...
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1answer
44 views

Is the term “הֻצַב” the name of an Assyrian princess/mistress in Nahum 2:7?

The original Hebrew text, וְהֻצַּב גֻּלְּתָה הֹעֲלָתָה וְאַמְהֹתֶיהָ מְנַהֲגוֹת כְּקוֹל יוֹנִים מְתֹפְפֹת עַל לִבְבֵהֶן The meaning of the first word הֻצַב of this verse is so unclear that the ...
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2answers
95 views

Does the Codex Sinaiticus contain the Hebrew Tetragrammaton or Greek LORD (KURIOS)?

The New King James Version uses the Tetragrammaton in the New Testament (written as +LORD [CAPS-smallcaps]) apparently it uses a Tetragrammaton source material, or it arbitrarily implies it while the ...
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2answers
57 views

How best to translate the Hebrew of Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 13:26?

I am wondering how to understand the Hebrew text of Sirach 13:26, which, according to this page, is (the second line): לב אנוש ישנא פניו אם לטוב ואם לרע׃ עקבת לב טוב פנים אורים ושיג ישיח מחשבת ...
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2answers
40 views

In Ruth 1:2 what is the meaning of אפרתים (commonly translated “Efrathites”)?

In Ruth 1:2, Naomi, Elimelech, Machlon and Kilyon are referred to as אפרתים, or Efrathites. To me, the simplest understanding would be that they come from Efrat (see Genesis 35:19, 1 Samuel 17:12, ...
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2answers
95 views

How does George Howard's The Hebrew Gospel of Matthew (1987; 1995 2nd ed. quoted) help our understanding of Matthew 5:17-20?

There are many verses in the New Testament that have been interpreted to mean that the commands and covenants of the Old Testaments have been done away with. However, there are also verses in the New ...
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2answers
59 views

Amos 6:13 names of places or something else?

The Hebrew in Amos 6:13 reads הַשְּׂמֵחִים לְלֹא דָבָר הָאֹמְרִים הֲלוֹא בְחָזְקֵנוּ לָקַחְנוּ לָנוּ קַרְנָיִם The KJV translates thus: Ye which rejoice in a thing of nought, which say, ...
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1answer
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In Matthew 8:18-23 does discipleship involve being an itinerant? Is discipleship as in the gospels obsolete?

Christians today often claim to be disciples of Jesus. However, discipleship seems to involve being an itinerant. KJV Mat 8:18  Now when Jesus saw great multitudes about him, he gave commandment ...
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3answers
69 views

In John 15:19 what does the author intend by κόσμος and the apostles no longer being of it?

KJV John 15:19  If ye were of the world, the world would love his own: but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you.  Westcott ...
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2answers
50 views

Is the term “sons of God” in John 1:12 the same categorization as “sons of God” in the OT (IE: Job 1:6)?

The OT seems to have a consistent usage of the phrase "sons of God" as "angels" and the NT seems to ignore it completely. Or does it? Is there actually continuity? KJV John 1:12  But as many as ...
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1answer
139 views

What is the meaning of “Let” in the phrase “Let there be light”?

Genesis 1:3 (KJV) And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. What's the meaning of the word "let"? Is the meaning closer to: cause/effect, i.e. physics-related; or allow/permit (cf), ...
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18 views

In Acts 15:17 what specifically does it entail to “seek the Lord”?

In Acts 15:17 James finds confirmation of Peter's assessment that "God has granted repentance to the gentiles" in Amos' prophesy: NIV Acts 15:17 that the rest of mankind may seek [out] [ἐκζητήσωσιν]...
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1answer
48 views

The faith of Abraham is uncertain…?

According to Paul's latter to Romans Abraham had no distrust in God's promise thought Sarah's womb was barreness. Rather his faith was grew stronger in the promise of God..... God was able to do what ...
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2answers
58 views

Is the word “sign” the best translation for אות in Genesis 4:15?

And the LORD said unto him: 'Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold.' And the LORD set a sign for Cain, lest any finding him should smite him. JPS The bible ...
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1answer
46 views

Possible English understandings of “ba’al nefesh” in Proverbs 23:2?

I'm wondering about how "ba’al nefesh" could resonably be understood in modern English (USA)? I note the renderings from various translations (https://www.biblegateway.com/verse/en/Proverbs%2023:2) ...
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4answers
144 views

Is “ten commandments” the best translation of עשרת הדברים?

An overwhelming majority of the modern English translations render the words עשרת הדברים in Deuteronomy 4:13, 10:4 and Exodus 34:28 (biblehub links) as the "Ten Commandments". I believe that this is ...
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1answer
86 views

Dreaming a Dream vs. Dreaming

I have had this question sitting in MY for some time unanswered, despite repeated bounties, so I think I'll give it a try here. Throughout the Bible, the root חלם, to dream, is used. Often, a dream ...
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3answers
263 views

When Samson refers to his wife as a “heifer”,is he doing so in a derogatory sense of meaning?

I am reading in the book of Judges at chapter 14.The passage concerns a riddle given by Samson to thirty of his companions at a feast.Please read here. The thirty companions put pressure on Samson's ...
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4answers
283 views

Why was Noah specifically required to build an ark with Gopher wood?

Genesis 6:14 " Make yourself an ark of gopherwood; make rooms in the ark, and cover it inside and outside with pitch. There were different kinds of wood that could have served this purpose but ...
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5answers
139 views

In John 17:5 does the “world” (κόσμος) refer to physical matter or any creation?

(Douay-Rheims Bible) And now glorify thou me, O Father, with thyself, with the glory which I had, before the world was, with thee. John 17:5 Does the word "world" refer to the actual planet earth, ...
2
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4answers
141 views

Did the Commandment “You shall not commit adultery” Originally Refer to Miscegenation?

There are some claims that the original word translated as Adultery "μοιχεία" or "moicheuo" originally refereed to race mixing (and bestiality) and not unfaithfulness. The Hebrew word is "נאף" or "na'...
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4answers
132 views

In 1 Peter 4:5 what does “ready to judge the living and the dead” mean?

1 Peter 4:5 But they will have to give account to him who is ready to judge the living and the dead. I hope it's OK to put 2 questions based on the same verse. When the author wrote the sentence ...
0
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2answers
123 views

Does Isaiah 7:14 rule out the possibility of sex during the miraculous pregnancy?

If one is satisfied that Isaiah 7:14 is properly translated as: King James Bible Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call ...