Questions tagged [word-study]

Investigation into the meaning or use of an individual word across a body of writing.

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16 views

Can you give the Greek Word ekklēsia a masculine ending?

I know that the Greek word translated as church (in the Bible) is a feminine noun. But, is it possible to give ecclesia a masculine ending - making it a masculine noun? Thank you.
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40 views

Why does the ESV translate proedoken as “has given” in Romans 11:35?

ESV Romans 11:35. "Or who has given a gift to him that he might be repaid?". Of the 28 versions on Bible Hub 21 of them put the word "first" when translating proedoken. e.g. "...
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What is the status of the word “because” in 1 Peter 2:8? ESV

"They stumble because they disobey the word, as they were destined to do". ESV There are other questions on this site which go into this verse without, I think, quite settling this point: ...
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1answer
55 views

How convincing as a proof of the Inspiration of the Scriptures are the following patterns of 40 (and 41) in the Greek Scriptures? [closed]

There are exactly 40 times in the Greek New Testament Scriptures that God speaks the words 'EGO EIMI' (I AM). The Deity of Christ | ‘EGO EIMI’ (I AM) | 40 instances Matthew But straightway Jesus ...
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3answers
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Was Leah 'unloved' (Genesis 29:31)?

The Wycliffe (1382) Coverdale (1535) Matthews (1537) Great Bible (1539) Geneva Bible (1560) and Bishop's Bible (1568) all say 'despised' regarding Jacob's disposition towards the 'tender-eyed' woman ...
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2answers
93 views

What does “anasteso” mean in John 6:39?

"And this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but raise [anasteso] it up on the last day" ESV. John 6:39 says "raise" it on the ...
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2answers
67 views

What does πᾶν τὸ πλήρωμα mean in Pauline epistles?

What does πᾶν τὸ πλήρωμα mean in Pauline epistles? (a) what does πλήρωμα mean in Paul's usage in Colossians 1:19, 2:9 and Ephesians 3:19? (b) why did Paul use the phrase πᾶν τὸ πλήρωμα mean in these ...
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1answer
43 views

What does 1 Corinthians 14:36 mean?

What does 1 Corinthians 14:36 What? came the word of God out from you? or came it unto you only? mean?
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59 views

In James 2:23, does the use of the word “fulfilled” (ἐπληρώθη) suggest that Genesis 15:6 was a prophecy about the future (IE: Genesis 22:12)?

[Jas 2:20-26 NASB] (20) But are you willing to recognize, you foolish fellow, that faith without works is useless? (21) Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered up Isaac his son ...
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224 views

What does gnashing of teeth mean in Luke 13:28

28There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrust out. Luke 13:28 (KJV) Is the ...
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What does “not willingly” mean in Romans 8:20?

"For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope". ESV. If Adam was not asked before it happened if he would like to be in a garden, ...
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3answers
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What does the phrase “are of full age… and by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern” mean in Hebrews 5:14?

What does the phrase "are of full age... and by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern" mean in Hebrews 5:14 “But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even ...
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53 views

Translation of the Greek Word διάφορος

The Greek word διάφορος (diaphoros) is translated twice as “different” or “various” and twice as “superior.” Is it only context or is there some other reason for the slightly different translations? ...
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60 views

In Ephesians 2:12, Ephesians 4:18 and Colossians 1:21 what does Paul mean by ἀπαλλοτριόομαι?

Eph 2:12 NLT - In those days you were living apart from Christ. You were excluded (ἀπηλλοτριωμένοι) from citizenship among the people of Israel, and you did not know the covenant promises God had made ...
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What does “My Father” mean in John 5:17?

But Jesus answered them, "My Father is working until now". ESV. Other questions on this site look at aspects of John 5:18 but here I would like to focus on "My Father" in John 5:17....
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166 views

Why does Mary Magdalene refer to Jesus as “my Lord”?

The author of the gospel of John has Mary Magdalene refer to Jesus when speaking to the angels in the tomb as "my Lord" (Jn 20:13). But when she reports to the twelve, she uses the term &...
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1answer
61 views

Why did Jesus call Mary Magdalene “woman” as he had Mary his mother?

What is the connection, if any, between the author of the gospel of John having Jesus use "woman" to address Mary Magdalene when she encounters him at the tomb (Jn 20:15) just as he has used ...
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1answer
56 views

'Elect lady' or 'choice Kyria' ? (2 John 1:1)

Robert Young in his literal translation gives us 'choice Kyria' for εκλεκτη κυρια, in 2 John 1:1. The elder unto the elect lady and her children [2 John 1:1, KJV] Now, I know that some suggest these ...
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3answers
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What does “all” mean in Romans 6:10?

"For the death he died he died to sin, once for all," ESV. All what? "all time" -Romans 5:19 "one man's obedience" does not need repeating. "all people"-...
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152 views

James 1:12 “Crown of Life”

I would like to ask what does the “Crown of Life” means in the context of James 1:12 (NLT): ”God blesses those who patiently endure testing and temptation. Afterward they will receive the crown of ...
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In John 6:60 is “hard” a direct reference to the bread Jesus has been talking about?

John 6:60: When many of his disciples heard it, they said,"This is a hard saying: who can listen to it?" ESV In John 6:48-58 Jesus has been talking about bread and in verse 60 comes this ...
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Where online can I find a list of all the Hapax Legomena in the Hebrew Bible?

I am looking for a list online of all Hapax Legomena in the Hebrew Bible in text format that I can copy and paste into MS Word for further studies. I need something that's free and is not in a picture ...
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1answer
58 views

What would be the reason behind Deuteronomy 21:10-14?

From the the era Exodus God is so much concern of morality and even given the Israelites to maintain purity. God also instructed them not to take girl from other tribes or clans. If God is so much ...
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82 views

Trying to understand the meaning/purpose when it comes to Psalm 45 use of the word “daughter”

Hebrews 1:5-9 (NASB) 5 For to which of the angels did He ever say, “You are My Son, Today I have begotten You”? And again, “I will be a Father to Him And He shall be a Son to Me”? ........................
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2answers
134 views

Has Paul's concept in 2 Thessalonians 2:7 been misunderstood?

ο κατεχων αρτι εως εκ μεσου γενηται [TR - undisputed] 2 Thess 2: 7 (b) ... only he who now letteth (will let), until he be taken out of the way. [KJV] ... he who restrains at present until out of [...
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1answer
43 views

Mark 11:26, “trespasses” or “sins”?

Mark 11:26, (DRB): But if you will not forgive, neither will your Father that is in heaven, forgive you your sins. There's a delicate distinction between "trespasses" and "sins". ...
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44 views

Mark 16:16, “shall be” or “will be”?

Mark 16:16, (DRB): He that believeth and is baptized, shall be saved: but he that believeth not shall be condemned. Mark 16:16, (NKJV): He who believes and is baptized will be saved; but he who ...
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1answer
38 views

Are musical instruments included in Ephesians 5:19?

In Ephesians 5:19, Christians are told to speak "to one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord" (NKJV). Does the phrase "...
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273 views

In Luke 4:19, what does “acceptable year of the Lord/LORD” mean and to what year does it refer?

Acceptable to whom? To God? To the Jews? To everyone? To what year does this refer? [Luk 4:19 YLT] (19) To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord.' [Luk 4:19 MGNT] (19) κηρύξαι ἐνιαυτὸν κυρίου ...
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120 views

Who is/are the referent(s) of the Greek words “ho Theos” at Mark 13:19 and what does it mean there. Is it the same every else too?

The following verses have the words "ho Theos" in their Greek translations. There are a lot more. Mark 1:1 Matthew 3:9 Mark 13:19 Luke 2:19 Acts 2:11 John 8:42,47 Luke 1:26 Acts 26:6 ...
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Does Wallace's chart identify “the archangel” as a monadic noun at Jude 9:9 from the text? If not, how does the grammar of the text prove otherwise?

Does Wallace's chart identify “the archangel” as a monadic noun at Jude 9:9 from the text of scripture? If not, how does the grammar of the text prove otherwise? At Jude 9:9 we find “Michael the ...
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2answers
66 views

A question regarding the anarthrous use of θεος in 2 Thessalonians 1:6

Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you; [KJV] ειπερ δικαιον παρα θεω ανταποδουναι τοις θλιβουσιν υμας θλιψιν [TR, undisputed] Paul begins his ...
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2answers
60 views

Does ἄγγελος κυρίου in the NT (e.g. Acts 12:7) refer to the angel of the LORD in the OT?

Does ἄγγελος κυρίου in the NT (e.g. Acts 12:7) refer to the angel of the LORD in the OT? An example of Apollonius Corollary. is ἄγγελος κυρίου (angel of the Lord) at Acts 12:7. Wallace promotes the ...
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4answers
137 views

What does “were hardened” mean in Romans 11:7?

"The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened." ESV. Why this hardening took place is, I think, explained in Romans 11:11 "through their trespass salvation has come to the Gentiles". What I ...
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2answers
37 views

God’s wrath and jealousy vs the fruits of the spirit

As NT believers we are delivered from God’s wrath thanks to Jesus. Nevertheless throughout the OT we can read about God’s wrath and jealousy for His people Isreal. This wrath and jealousy is always ...
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61 views

Could the Genitive at Ps 136/7:6 both partitive and of subordination within rules of grammar?

Could the Genitive at Ps 136/7:6 both partitive and of subordination within rules of grammar? In Psalm 137:6 we find the Greek αρχή rendered from the Hebrew reshit. It is the head noun the genitive “...
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2answers
60 views

Acts 1:5 versus Acts 2:4: Being baptized versus being filled with the Holy Spirit

Luke uses βαπτισθήσεσθε (NASB: “you will be baptized”) in Acts 1:5 and then uses ἐπλήσθησαν (“and they were filled”) in Acts 2:4. Is there a reason for the change in verbs used to describe the baptism ...
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2answers
38 views

Titus 3:10, “stirs up division” or “heretic”?

Titus 3:10 (DRB): A man that is a heretic, after the first and second admonition, avoid: Titus 3:10 (ESV): As for a person who stirs up division, after warning him once and then twice, have ...
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1answer
20 views

1 Thessalonians 4:16, definite or indefinite article with “archangel”?

1 Thessalonians 4:16 (DRB): For the Lord himself shall come down from heaven with commandment, and with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God: and the dead who are in Christ, shall ...
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2answers
115 views

What does sitting at the right hand of someone mean with respect to authority? (Heb 1:3, Mt 20:23)

What does sitting at the right hand of someone mean with respect to authority? (Heb 1:3, Mt 20:23) It has been proposed that before the Word became flesh he had the authority of God because he was God....
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3answers
70 views

What does החרוץ actually mean in Joel 4:14

Joel 4:14 (Jewish enumeration) 3:14 (English enumeration) הֲמוֹנִים הֲמוֹנִים, בְּעֵמֶק הֶחָרוּץ: כִּי קָרוֹב יוֹם יְהוָה, בְּעֵמֶק הֶחָרוּץ. Does the phrase mean Multitudes of multitudes in ...
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1answer
86 views

(Isaiah 51:9) Feminine God in Exile

I previously asked and got great responses to an exploration of pronouns in psalm 139. There was a fascinating technical resolution to that one. This question is related but significantly different. ...
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3answers
122 views

(Genesis 4:7) What is Cain Ruling Over? Sin? The Door?

So I was spending some time with the Hebrew under the Cain and Abel narrative in Genesis 4. I noticed a peculiarity in the Hebrew in God's instructions to Cain after his offering was rejected. I ...
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1answer
61 views

What does “account” mean in Romans 14:12?

"So then each of us will give an account of himself to God". ESV. Do saved and unsaved give an account? If a teacher gives an account of the Boer War that does not mean that they are admitting ...
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46 views

Genesis 4:15, “whosoever” or “anyone”?

Genesis 4:15 (DRB): And the Lord said to him: No, it shall not be so: but whosoever shall kill Cain, shall be punished sevenfold. And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, that whosoever found him should ...
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3answers
68 views

‭Translation of the word διακρίνων in 1 Corinthians‬ ‭11:29

“For those who eat and drink without discerning the body of Christ eat and drink judgment on themselves.” 1 Corinthians‬ ‭11:29‬ ‭ The word interpreted discerning here what does the original mean and ...
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1answer
36 views

What does 'reveal his Son in me' convey of Paul's experience ? Galatians 1:15,16

οτε δε ευδοκησεν ο θεος ο αφορισας με εκ κοιλιας μητρος μου και καλεσας δια της χαριτος αυτου αποκαλυψαι τον υιον αυτου εν εμοι ινα ευαγγελιζωμαι αυτον εν τοις εθνεσιν ευθεως ου προσανεθεμην σαρκι και ...
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1answer
55 views

In John 11:33 what does ἐνεβριμήσατο τῷ πνεύματι καὶ ἐτάραξεν ἑαυτὸν mean in this context?

How you translate the verbs in ἐνεβριμήσατο τῷ πνεύματι καὶ ἐτάραξεν ἑαυτὸν in 11:33 affects how you interpret the surrounding verses, especially when answering the question why did Jesus weep (11:35)....
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1answer
39 views

In 1 Corinthians 3:9, does “You are God's field” refer only to the Body of Christ, and if so, what does it mean?

In the gospels, Jesus referred to the "field" as "the world": [Mat 13:38 NKJV] (38) "The field is the world, the good seeds are the sons of the kingdom, but the tares are the ...
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8answers
444 views

Who is the Word in John 1:1

John 1:1 states “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” (John 1:1) and is translated also to: John 1:1 Goodspeed “…and the Word was divine.” John 1:...

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