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Questions tagged [word-study]

Investigation into the meaning or use of an individual word across a body of writing.

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I AM OR NOT I AM? [on hold]

Did God really call himself "I am" or not at Ex. 3:14 as the Hebrew for "I am" is not therein? What do the texts show me? "God said to Moshe: EHYEH ASHER EHYEH/I will be-there howsoever I will be-...
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Question about the “daily” sacrifice. What might it refer to?

My question arises and is asked from a futurist prophetic perspective - that the ultimate fulfillments will be in future events leading up to Christ's return. It is not about the accepted ...
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1answer
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In Romans 12:3 what is the μέτρον that God has allotted to each believer and how is one to use it to “think soberly” about one's gift?

Disclaimer: I have no formal education in Greek. Setup (If you are familiar with Romans 12 you can skip to "The question" below) Throughout the Roman empire (and in all the world) both Jews and ...
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1answer
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How does “hermeneutics SE” handle prophecy questions? Appropriate forum?

I asked a couple of questions on the Christianity SE site in the past. I quickly learned that questions asked were often put on hold and/or migrated to meta site by SE members for being considered by ...
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In Luke 21:28 what does “redemption” (ἀπολύτρωσις) mean and to what does it refer?

ESV Luke 21:28 Now when these things begin to take place, straighten up and raise your heads, because your redemption (ἀπολύτρωσις) is drawing near.” What was drawing near?
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In Luke 2:38 what does “redemption” (λύτρωσις) mean and to what does it refer?

NIV Luke 2:38 Coming up to them at that very moment, she gave thanks to God and spoke about the child to all who were looking forward to the redemption of Jerusalem. What were they expecting ...
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2answers
65 views

What does the word 'whosoever' mean in John 3:16?

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. [John 3:16 KJV] I don't see how most Christians define ...
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What is the most accurate way to translate “ἐκ” in 1 Cor 11:28?

I have made an effort to translate the following text. 1Cor 11:28 Δοκιμαζέτω(let - prove or examine) δὲ(but) ἄνθρωπος(a man) ἑαυτόν(himself), καὶ(and) οὕτως(in-this-way) ἐκ(out) τοῦ(of ...
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Who were the Nephilim? [duplicate]

Genesis 6:1 And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them,2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they ...
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In Matthew 12:34-37 what are “idle/empty words”?

I have been struggling with this concept. What are "empty" words precisely? Matthew 12:34-37 34 You brood of vipers, how can you who are evil say anything good? For the mouth speaks what the heart ...
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In 1 Timothy 3:15 what is the function of a “στύλος καὶ ἑδραίωμα τῆς ἀληθείας”?

NIV 1 Timothy 3:15 if I am delayed, you will know how people ought to conduct themselves in God's household, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and foundation of the truth. WH ...
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In 1 Timothy 3:6 is it a “new convert” or a “new arrival”?

NIV 1 Timothy 3: 1Here is a trustworthy saying: Whoever aspires to be an overseer desires a noble task. 2Now the overseer is to be above reproach, faithful to his wife, temperate, self-...
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In Romans 1:11 why does Paul seem to fudge about his agenda by saying “some spiritual gift”?

NIV Romans 1: 11I long to see you so that I may impart to you some spiritual gift to make you strong— 12that is, that you and I may be mutually encouraged by each other’s faith. It sounds ...
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In the story of the blind man from birth (John 9) did Jesus take clay and mix it with spittle on the Sabbath? [closed]

In the original language of the man born blind from birth (John 9) did Jesus actually take clay and mix it with spittle on the Sabbath?
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Why אכילה instead of אכל in 1 Kings 19:8?

1 Kings 19:8 ויקם ויאכל וישתה וילך בכח ׀ האכילה ההיא ארבעים יום וארבעים לילה עד הר האלהים חרב (KJV) And he arose, and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of that meat forty days and ...
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Are there any Biblical Hebrew words meaning generic food besides לֶ֫חֶם?

I am aware that, in Biblical Hebrew, לֶ֫חֶם (lechem) properly means "bread," but by extension can mean "food" in general. In Judges 13:16 for instance, it seems that a young goat is referred to as ...
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Why is 2 Peter 1:19 commonly translated with “day star” rather than “Lucifer”?

The word "Lucifer" comes from 2 Latin words: Lux (=light) + ferous (=to bear or carry). Thus the name "Lucifer" means: Light-bearer or Light-bringer. Yet in the KJV and many other translations this ...
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3answers
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In Acts 3:15 is Jesus called the “Author” or the “Prince” of life?

Acts 3:15 KJV/SBLGNT 15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses. The Greek word archegos can be either 'prince' or 'author' according to ...
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Are the words Tartan and Rabshakeh Assyrian titles or proper names in Isaiah?

A recent argument involved two passages from Iasiah, 20:1 and 36:2: When looking at the most modern translations and comparing them with older ones there is – as a tendency I presume – a glaring ...
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Was Jesus hungry or very hungry after 40 days?

The temptation of Jesus in the wilderness is summarised thus: Matthew 4:2 (see for example BibleHub and also Luk 4:2) KJV: And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was ...
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Why עשה instead of ברא in Genesis 1:7?

Genesis 1:7 ויעש אלהים את־הרקיע ויבדל בין המים אשר מתחת לרקיע ובין המים אשר מעל לרקיע ויהי־כן׃ And God made the firmament, and divided between the waters which were under the firmament and ...
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In Micah 2:12-13, what is a “breaker”?

In Micah 2:12-13 Micah predicts the arrival of the messiah whom he refers to as "the breaker" (הַפֹּרֵץ֙): KJV Micah 2: 12I will surely assemble, O Jacob, all of you; I will surely gather the ...
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In Proverbs 1:8 is it “mother's law” or “mother's instruction”?

Could the word ‘torah’ be more universal in use as law/teaching/instruction or could this use in proverbs mean that the mother also taught the Law? I guess what I am trying to ascertain is whether ...
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1answer
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In Psalm 22:16, is “pierced” or “like a lion” correct? [duplicate]

King James Bible For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet JPS Tanakh 1917 For dogs have encompassed me; A company of evil-doers ...
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In 1 Corinthians 7:11-15 does Paul consider “separation” an alternative to divorce?

Does Paul write in 1 Corinthians 7:11-15 about divorce OR separation? The original (Greek) text seems to be here quite clear, but church' interpretation still doesn't see difference: KJV 1Co 7:11  ...
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2answers
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In Isaiah 29:6 should פָּקַד be translated as “visited” or “inspected”?

Can the word translated as "visited" in Isaiah 29:6 be more accurately translated as "inspected" as it is translated in the Youngs Literal Translation?: YLT Isa 29:6  By Jehovah of Hosts thou art ...
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Were Rahab (Joshua 2) and the two women with the dead baby (1 Kings 3:16) really prostitutes or just inn keepers?

According to the "Treasury of Scripture" the word for "prostitute" and the word for "inn keeper" are the same word: harlots The word {zanoth}, rendered {harlots}, is here translated by the ...
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Then who will save a woman those who are not bearing child?

God demands holiness, faith and love, and self-control from all mankind. I don't understand in what point Apostle Paul have said this "Yet she will be saved through childbearing-if they continue in ...
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In John 3:35, what are the “all things” that are given into Christ's hands?

Verse 35 comes before verse 36 where everlasting life is contrasted with the wrath of God. So perhaps "all" refers to both of these. Verse 33 and verse 34 are about things of the Spirit and verse 31 ...
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What does “as” mean in Matthew 6:10?

In Mat 6:10 "as" could be "because", alternatively it could be "in the same way". Your will be done on earth because it is done in heaven, or, your will be done in the same way/as it is in heaven? ...
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In Romans 1:24 what does Paul mean by παρέδωκεν (“gave them over”)?

NIV Romans 1:24 Therefore God gave them over in the sinful desires of their hearts to sexual impurity for the degrading of their bodies with one another. What, in this context does παρέδωκεν ("...
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In Psalm 68:31 How come Princes come out from Egypt when Ezekiel 30:13 says “There shall no longer be princes from Egypt”?

According to Ezekiel 29:15; Egypt will be the basest of the nations never again to rise above the power of its neighbors. Modern Egypt doesn't meet this criteria so I guess that this prophecy ...
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In John 1:3 to what does πᾶς refer?

In John 3:20 pas are people. In John 14:26 panta are words and memories. In John 1:3 is πᾶς referring to the tangible objects made in Genesis 1 or also to abstractions and the things men seem to do ...
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In Genesis 1:1 why בראשית instead of בראש?

Genesis 1:1 בראשית ברא אלהים את השמים ואת הארץ׃ Question: Why did the Author of Genesis choose the word בראשית instead of בראש? I am pretty sure that the word ראשית is derived from ראש, but I am not ...
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What was the nature of the 'cord' in Gen 38:18?

In Gen. 38:18 it is recorded how Judah gave Tamar a 'cord' (Hebrew: פתיל), among other possessions, as a pledge, He said, "What pledge should I give you?" "Your seal and its cord, and the staff ...
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In Zechariah 12:10 what is the effect of אֵת (in conjunction with “to me”)? [duplicate]

KJV Zec 12:10  And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they ...
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Does “all things” always mean the same in these seven verses?

John 1:3 All thingsπάντα were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. John 3:35 The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all thingsπάντα into his hand. Romans 11:36 For ...
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In John 4:21-23 What does “But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth” means?

John 4:21 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father. 4:22 Ye worship ye know not what: we know what ...
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In John 4:51 why a son (παῖς) and not a son (υἱός)?

υἱός is most common way to call a child a son. In John, this word is used 57 times. However, there is one instance where παῖς is used: As he was going down, his servants met him and told him that ...
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In accordance with Noah's prophecy concerning Shem, Ham and Japheth, is there any significance in the number of sons recorded in the text?

Genesis 10:2 (NKJV) The sons of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. v6) The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. v22) The sons of Shem ...
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Hebrews 12:2 “for the joy” or “instead of the joy”?

Hbr 12:1-2 keeping our eyes fixed on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of our faith. For the joy set out for him he endured the cross, disregarding its shame, and has taken his seat at the right ...
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In Hebrews 9:16 does the author understand the covenant (διαθήκη) to be a “last will and testament”?

I notice that many English translations render διαθήκη in Hebrews 9:16 as either "will" or "testament": http://biblehub.com/hebrews/9-16.htm Is that correct or should it just be rendered "covenant" ...
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In John 4:18 is Jesus accusing the woman at the well of fornication or of adultery?

John 4:18 reports Jesus saying οὐκ ἔστιν σου ἀνήρ. Does the οὐκ govern σου or ἀνήρ? If the former, does it mean he’s a man but he’s not yours; and if the latter, does it imply he’s not a man, since ...
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Is Leviticus 21:4 about a “chief”, “husband” or a “close relative”?

The Hebrew reads, לֹא יִטַּמָּא בַּעַל בְּעַמָּיו לְהֵחַלּוֹ There is disagreement between the translations as to how exactly we should translate this passage. The NET and KJV translations ...
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What is the meaning of the Hebrew name 'I-chabod' in 1 Samuel 4:21?

A new-born son was named 'I-chabod' by the dying mother. She said, ‘The glory has departed from Israel’ but the word also seems to infer a question, ‘Where is the glory?’ I note from a commentary that ...
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In John 11:26 what is the meaning of “die”?

John 11:26 (version-A) and whoever lives by believing in me will never die. Do you believe this? The translation of this verse in my native language, in English will be like this : John 11:26 (...
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In Genesis 9:20-24 why is Ham, the second born, referred to as the “younger son”?

Genesis 9:20-24 NKJV And Noah began to be a farmer, and he planted a vineyard. Then he drank of the wine and was drunk, and became uncovered in his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw ...
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Is the term “הֻצַב” the name of an Assyrian princess/mistress in Nahum 2:7?

The original Hebrew text, וְהֻצַּב גֻּלְּתָה הֹעֲלָתָה וְאַמְהֹתֶיהָ מְנַהֲגוֹת כְּקוֹל יוֹנִים מְתֹפְפֹת עַל לִבְבֵהֶן The meaning of the first word הֻצַב of this verse is so unclear that the ...
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Does the Codex Sinaiticus contain the Hebrew Tetragrammaton or Greek LORD (KURIOS)?

The New King James Version uses the Tetragrammaton in the New Testament (written as +LORD [CAPS-smallcaps]) apparently it uses a Tetragrammaton source material, or it arbitrarily implies it while the ...
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How best to translate the Hebrew of Sirach/Ecclesiasticus 13:26?

I am wondering how to understand the Hebrew text of Sirach 13:26, which, according to this page, is (the second line): לב אנוש ישנא פניו אם לטוב ואם לרע׃ עקבת לב טוב פנים אורים ושיג ישיח מחשבת ...