Questions tagged [word-study]

Investigation into the meaning or use of an individual word across a body of writing.

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15 views

What does it mean to rejoice with trembling in Psalm 2:11?

Psalm 2:11 KJV Serve the Lord with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Somehow the above the text seems contradictory in the sense that how could one rejoice yet at the same time tremble.My ...
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91 views

Is there any fundamental difference between the "spirit" of a human being ("breath of life") and the "spirit" of a disembodied (evil) spirit?

Simply put, I'm interested in knowing if there is any difference at all (in a fundamental sense) between two uses of the word "spirit": Context 1: "spirit" in the context of the ...
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2answers
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What do the words "of old" mean in Deuteronomy 32:7 and Nehemiah 12:46?

Deauteronomy 32:7 ASV Remember the days of old, Consider the years of many generations: Ask thy father, and he will show thee; Thine elders, and they will tell thee. Nehemiah 12:46 ASV For in the days ...
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1answer
58 views

What does "prophecy" mean in Romans 12:6?

Romans 12:6-7 "Having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, in proportion to our faith; if service, in our serving; the one who teaches, in his ...
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What is the cause and effect of "auto" being neuter in Romans 8:26?

Romans 8:26. KJB: "Likewise the Spir'it also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spir'it itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which ...
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2answers
64 views

What is the meaning of the Greek - "having been born again"? 1 Pet 1:23

1 Pet 1:23 (NDLT, bold highlights word in question) having been born again, not of perishable seed, but of imperishable, by the living and abiding word of God Peter uses a word that seems to be used ...
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1answer
24 views

1 John 1:9 - What is the significance of the usage ὁμολογέω (confess) in the context?

In the Gospels, μετανοέω (repent) is used to repent of sin. Are there contextual factors using the ὁμολογέω in 1 John? Are there any Scriptural examples to differentiate the two: μετανοέω and ...
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Ephesians 6:1 - Are Adults Commanded to Obey Their Parents?

I understand that children, τέκνα, is not a term that is age limited. Therefore, does a faithful reading of Ephesians 6:1 require adult Christian children to obey their parents? Ephesians 6:1 ​ ...
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4answers
624 views

Given that the Greek text for Revelation 5:3-4 twice gives the word for ‘one’, why does the AV twice say ‘man’?

Rev 5:3-4 (AV, emphasis added) “And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon. And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to ...
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Does "men" (Greek, anthropos) refer specifically to "the Jews" in passages such as Matthew 10:17?

Matthew 10:17-18 reads (NKJV, emphasis mine): "But beware of men, for they will deliver you up to councils and scourge you in their synagogues. You will be brought before governors and kings for ...
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Does calling the Sabbath a "sign" (אות‎) between God and Israel mean it was given to distinguish Israel from other nations?

In various passages, God calls the Sabbath a "sign" (Hebrew, אות‎) between Him and Israel (all NKJV, emphasis mine): "Speak also to the children of Israel, saying: 'Surely My Sabbaths ...
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In what sense is "agapate/love" meant in, "that you love one another" John 15:12?

"This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you." John 15:12 ESV. Seeing that "agapate"[love] is a subjunctive what is its sense in the Greek? A. This is my ...
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How did Jacob rename Luz to Bethel, when it is "bethel" in Genesis 12?

Been reading through Genesis, and I am assuming it is something simple that I'm missing... Genesis 28:19 says, "He called the name of that place Bethel, but the name of the city was Luz at first.&...
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Could the use of the Greek Middle voice is 1 Thess 4:16 imply returning to the resurrected life in Christ?

Eph 5:14 Wherefore <1352> he saith <3004> (5719), Awake thou <1453> (5669) that sleepest <2518> (5723), and <2532> arise <450> (5628) from <1537> the dead &...
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How does the meaning of "called/kletos" in 1 Corinthians 1:24 compare with its meaning in Matthew 22:14?

"we preach Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Jews and folly to Gentiles, but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God." 1 Corinthians ...
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5answers
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What does "his seal" mean in John 3:33?

"Whoever receives his testimony sets his seal to this, that God is true." John 3:33 ESV. "his seal." "He who has received His testimony has testified that God is true." ...
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103 views

Why is "gave" aorist in John 17:6, in contrast to others as listed?

John 17:2 "whom you have given him".. dedokas, perfect. John 17:6 "whom you gave me" ........... edokas, aorist. John 17:6 "you gave them to me"...........edokas, ...
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How might "one mind" in Philippians 2:2 compare with "your mind" in Mark 12:30?

"complete my joy by being of the same mind, having the same love, being in full accord and of one mind." Philippians 2:2 ESV -One mind. mind/phroneo. "And you shall love the Lord your ...
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What does the word one in John 10:30 and Mark 12:29 mean?

Mark 12:29 YLT and Jesus answered him -- 'The first of all the commands is, Hear, O Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is one; John 10:30 YLT I and the Father are one On which verse does it mean (...
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Translating 3 John 1:2 ὑγιαίνειν καθὼς σου ψυχή εὐοδοῦταί

I was doing some amateur translating of 3 John using the Abridged BDB, and it seems to me that 3 John 1:2 should be translated as Beloved, I pray that you flourish in all things and are healthy to ...
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Does the word one in Deuteronomy 6:4 and Mark 12:29 mean the cardinal number 1?

Deuteronomy 6:4 YLT Hear, O Israel, Jehovah our God is one Jehovah; Mark 12:29 YLT and Jesus answered him -- 'The first of all the commands is, Hear, O Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is one;...
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How does "a great high priest" compare with "a royal priesthood"?

"Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession." Hebrews 4:14 ESV. "But you are a chosen race, a ...
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292 views

What are the "firstfruits of the Spirit" in Romans 8:23?

"And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies." Romans 8:23 ESV. ...
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91 views

What translation issues centre on "firstfruits" in Romans 8:23?

Regarding Romans 8:23 another question on this site asks, "Who are said to have the firstfruits?" Here I mention and ask about the reasons for translation differences: CSB, Holman CSB and ...
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1answer
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Why were the destitute in the dunghill?

The metaphor of lifting the poor from a dunghill (Psalm 113:7, 1 Sam 2:8) or sending the proud to the dunghill (Lamentations 4:5) is quite the visual. In most verses, אַשְׁפֹּת seems to be used more ...
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3answers
114 views

Why does the ESV translate "horizo" "declared" in Romans 1:4?

"and was declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by the resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord,". Romans 1:4 All from ESV: Luke 22:22 ...
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6answers
804 views

What does "understanding" mean in "the peace of God which surpasses all understanding" Philippians 4:7?

"And the peace of God which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and minds in Christ Jesus". Philippians 4:7 ESV. [understanding-Strong's 3563]. e.g. How can Christians have ...
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1answer
31 views

Does "enclosed" in Luke 5:6 help us understand "consigned" in Romans 11:32?

"For God has consigned all to disobedience, that he may have mercy on all". Romans 11:32 ESV [consigned/synekleisen]. "And when they had done this, they enclosed a large number of fish,...
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4answers
405 views

What does "faith in Jesus Christ" mean in Romans 3:22?

"the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe". Romans 3:22. ESV. In this verse is Jesus Christ the source of faith? Christians have faith because they are in ...
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1answer
61 views

Does "born" have the same meaning on the two occasions it occurs in 1 John 5:18?"

"We know that whoever is born of God does not sin; but he who has been born of God keeps himself, and the wicked one does not touch him." 1 John 5:18 NKJB. The word "born" occurs ...
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2answers
59 views

What, if anything, does "love" in 1 John 4:8 have in common with "love" in 2 Timothy 4:10?

"Anyone who does not love does not know God..". 1 John 4:8 ESV. "For Demas, in love with this present world, has deserted me and gone to Thessalonica..". 2 Timothy 4:10. Despite ...
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4answers
447 views

Why is peirazo "tempts" in James 1:13 but "test" in John 6:6?

"and he himself tempts no one". from James 1:13 ESV "He said this to test him,..." John 6:6 ESV tempts/peirazei James 1:13. test/peirazon John 6:6. Was Philip tempted?
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1answer
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Who is included in the word "our" in Isaiah 53:4?

Who is included in the word "our" in Isaiah 53:4? "Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows" Obviously in verse 5 the word "our" is for every human being ...
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2answers
58 views

Does "all flesh" in John 17:2 mean the same as "all flesh" in Acts 2:17?

"..Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you, since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him". John 17:...
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4answers
314 views

What does "receive" mean in John 1:12?

"But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God....
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Biblically, can the term firstborn really have nothing to do with chronology?

I would like to better understand the meaning of firstborn in Col 1:15 by surveying how the only word (to my knowledge) scripturally translated as firstborn in Greek, prototokos, is applied in ...
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Does 'panaq' (Proverbs 29:21) have relevance to Galatians 4:1-7 (sonship)?

The word panaq is used only once in scripture, in Proverbs 29:21, and thus has caused some head-scratching as is seen in the question on this site which asked if it were good to turn a 'slave' into a ...
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4answers
196 views

John 1:18 can monogenes theos refer to God? [duplicate]

Apparently there are several variations of the verse from John 1:18, but the main difference between the different renderings is the μονογενὴς θεός (monogenes theos, "the only God") versus ὁ ...
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He has called us "by" or "to" his own glory in 2 Peter 1:3?

"His divine power has given us everything we need for a godly life through our knowledge of him who called us by his own glory and goodness". 2 Peter 1:3 NIV "...who called us to his ...
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Definitive distinction between Greek Heir κληρονόμον ("klēronómos") in Hebrews 1:2 versus an Ivri Heir יוֹרֵ֥שׁ ("Yoresh") in Genesis 15:3?

Was the Greek term for [Heir] : κληρονόμον ("klēronómos") - always associated with divine inheritance, similar to the Ivri term for [The Heir] : הַיֹּרֵשׁ֙ ("Ha-Yoresh") | [Heir] ...
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3answers
162 views

What does "kata/as" mean in Luke 22:22?

"For the Son of Man goes as it has been determined, but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed!". Luke 22:22. ESV As. "..the Son of Man goes "since" or "for" it ...
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1answer
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Were Israelite Sukkot סֻּכּ֗וֹת “Booths” in Leviticus 23:42-43 simply Ohalim אֹהָלִים “Tents”? - based on Balaam’s observations in Numbers 24:5?

When Balaam raised his eyes and saw Israel dwelling according to its tribes, and the spirit of God rested upon him - Did God confirm through Balaam that Sukkot were good “Tents”? [Bamidbar | Numbers ...
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4answers
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Meaning and significance of the greek word "ἅπτομαι" (haptomai \ haptou) in John 20:17 [duplicate]

I have always been struck by the "oddness" and also variation in the translation of Jesus statement in John 20:17 to Mary magdeline after his resurrection. It is rendered in various english ...
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3answers
192 views

How does "has blinded" in John 12:40 compare with "has blinded" in 2 Corinthians 4:4?

"He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, lest they see with their eyes, and understand with their heart, and turn, and I would heal them". John 12:40. ESV "In their case ...
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4answers
520 views

What does "Blessed" mean in 1 Peter 1:3?

" Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the ressurrection of Jesus Christ from the ...
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5answers
152 views

How do "captives/aichmalosian" compare with "captivity/aichmalosian" in Ephesians 4:8?

"Therefore it says, "When he ascended on high he led a host of captives, and he gave gifts to men". Ephesians 4:8 ESV [ Another question on this site focuses on "gifts"]. The ...
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7answers
321 views

What does "new birth" refer to in 1 Peter 1:3?

"Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! In his great mercy he has given us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead". 1 Peter 1:...
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3answers
112 views

Who is the Master craftsman?

Who is the master craftsman in Proverbs 8:30? John1:1-14 Refers to the Word being in the beginning, and that everything was made through Him. But the context of Proverbs 8 refers to wisdom as a women. ...
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5answers
581 views

How do the two sorts of "new" in Colossians 3:10 relate to each other?

"and have put on the new self, which is being renewed in knowledge after the image of its creator". Colossians 3:10 ESV "new" -neon. "renewed"-anakainoumenon. If the new ...
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7answers
1k views

What does "hidden" mean in Colossians 3:3?

Colossians 3:3 "For you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God". ESV. The truth that the Christian's life is hidden with Christ appears matched with the other side of the coin, ...

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