Questions tagged [word-study]

Investigation into the meaning or use of an individual word across a body of writing.

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Does the Bible permit two wives?

Does the Bible permits marrying two wives as stated in Deut. 21:15 If a man has two wives and he loves one but the other, and both bear him sons but the firsborn is the son of the wife he does not ...
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Are the words “beginning” and “word” mentioned in 1John 2:7 the same as those found in John 1:1?

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God; John 1:1 (YLT) Brethren, a new command I write not to you, but an old command, that ye had from the beginning -- the ...
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Does our righteousness that comes from God is equal to His righteousness?

Phil.3:9 and be found in Him not having my own righteousness which is from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ,the righteousness which is from God by faith Our righteousness who believe ...
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How might the NIV justify putting “husband” in John 1:13?

John 1:13 "children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband's will, but born of God" NIV. Also: NET Bible "a husband's desire". Weymouth N.T. "the will ...
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What is this unity?

In John 17:20-23 (NASB) “I am not asking on behalf of these alone, but also for those who believe in Me through their word, that they may all be one; just as You, Father, are in Me and I in You, that ...
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What is the force of τε as used in Hebrews 4:12 [TR]?

... μερισμου ψυχης τε και πνευματος αρμων τε και μυελων και κριτικος ενθυμησεων και εννοιων καρδιας [TR - Beza, Stephanus, Elzevir and Scrivener all identical] ... dividing asunder of soul and spirit,...
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What is the common theme for the word “baptize”?

G907 baptizō appears 80 times in the NT. ESV Mat 3:11 I baptize you with water for repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will ...
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What is the effect of “hallowed/hagiastheto” in Matthew 6:9 being an aorist imperative?

Matthew 6:9 "Pray like this; "Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name". ESV I understand "hagiastheto" is an aorist imperative. "Beyond the Basics" page 720 ...
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Do Peter's words in 1 Peter 2:24 suggest that 'wound' would be a better word than 'bruise' in Genesis 3:15?

Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed. [1 Peter 2:24 KJV] All twenty six ...
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What does “another/hetero” mean in 1 Corinthians 12:9?

1 Corinthians 12:8-9: "...and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit," ESV. ...
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Is 1 Corinthians 7:12 God-breathed?

1 Corinthians 7:12 New International Version To the rest I say this (I, not the Lord): If any brother has a wife who is not a believer and she is willing to live with him, he must not divorce her. 2 ...
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How might the NLT justify putting “diakonon” as “deacon” in view of John 2:9?

NLT Romans 16:1 "I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea." Another question on this site looks at diakonon being male, here I want to take another focus....
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What is meant by “obsolete” in Hebrews 8:13?

Hebrews 8:13 (ESV): 13 In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete. And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away. What is meant by obsolete? Related ...
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What is the significance of Hebrew word tummah at Job 2:3?

And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? and still he ...
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What does Isaiah 55:6 mean by “seeking” and “finding” the LORD?

Isaiah 55:6 (ESV): “Seek the LORD while he may be found; call upon him while he is near; What does it mean to seek the LORD? What does it mean to find Him?
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Is it possible to disambiguate the meaning of the words “rich”, “poor” and “poverty” in the context of 2 Corinthians 8:9?

2 Corinthians 8:9: 9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich. [ESV] 9 For ye know the ...
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Sin Vs Transgression: is there a technical difference? Lev 16:16 “uncleannesses, transgressions, all their sins”

What is the basic difference between sin vs. transgression? khata or chata/ḥāṭā and pesha Take for example Lev 16:16 ESV to be specific about the various words describing sin: Thus he shall make ...
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In what sense do the sun and the moon 'rule' and how does this affect our interpretation of Adam's subsequent 'rule' of Eve?

I have tried to catch the meaning and nuances of 'leaders' 'captains' 'princes' and the like in the development of Israel's nationhood for many years. Is the preposition 'over' implicit in the ...
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Genesis 3:5 - 'as God' or 'as gods'?

The KJV states : ... shall be as gods, knowing good and evil [Genesis 3:5] Young's Literal states : ... as God, knowing good and evil [Genesis 3:5] Biblehub states that the participle 'knowing' is ...
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What's the difference between enthymesis (ἐνθύμησις) and ennoia (ἔννοια) as in Heb 4:12?

Both,ἐνθύμησις as well as ἔννοια, can be translated as thought. So, I am wondering what is the semantic difference between the two and in how far do they differ from dialogismos / διαλογισμός OR ...
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Law of God vs Law of Christ

The phrase "Law of Christ" appears only twice in the NT, namely, 1 Cor 9:21 & Gal 6:2. In the first of these, we read: To those without the law I became like one without the law (...
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I think I know the answer, but it is not what is offered at large. What did Cain do to sin? [closed]

The body should be provided by the respondents. I will comment after I see what they have to say.
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What is “a ransom” as it appears in 1 Timothy 2:6?

1 Timothy 2:5-6. "For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, 6 who gave himself as a ransom for all,...". ESV If a prisoner is in a jail and a ...
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What is the κατεχον and who is the κατεχων at 2 Thess 2:6-7?

The expression "mystery of iniquity" (more common, "hidden power of lawlessness" - Greek: μυστήριον τῆς ἀνομίας; Lat: mysterium iniquitatis) comes from the Second Letter to the ...
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“You are my Son, today I have begotten you” - what are the meaning and implications of the word “today” in the context of Hebrews 1:5?

Hebrews 1:5 (ESV): 5 For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son, today I have begotten you”? Or again, “I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son”? It's clear that ...
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Is the ego eimi (I am) in John 8:58 and John 8:28 the same?

John 8:28[ASV] Jesus, therefore, said, When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am he and that I do nothing of myself, but as the Father taught me, I speak these things John 8:...
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Should 'repent' and 'believe' be understood as often referring to the same event or act in the process of salvation? [closed]

Should repentance and belief at time be understood to refer to the same thing or two different ways of describing the same mental change? Again my suggestion isn't that they mean the exact same thing, ...
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“I am” in Greek Septuagint translation of Exodus 3:14 vs. John 8:58 - how do they compare?

Exodus 3:14 YLT And God saith unto Moses, 'I AM THAT WHICH I AM;' He saith also, 'Thus dost thou say to the sons of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you. How does the translation of the Greek ...
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Does Paul speaks also to unbelievers in Ephesians 3:14-19?

I believe that the Pauline Epistles, so with the books of Peter and John their recipients are believers. Is there a verse that Paul in his letter to Ephesians, especially in his prayer in Eph. 3:14-...
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Are christians godkind? [duplicate]

2Peter 1:4 By which have been given to us exceedingly great and precious promises, that through these you may be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world ...
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What is hell? sheol/hades/prison/lake of fire/outer darkness

This question looks at 5 contexts which refer to hell, how the word is used, and what it means. 1. For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. ...
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What did Jesus mean when he said “The Father who dwells in me”? John 14:10

John 14:10: 10 Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on my own authority, but the Father who dwells in me does his works. [ESV]...
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What does the word worship mean in Revelation 3:9 and Matthew 28:9?

Revelation 3:9 KJB Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that ...
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What is Paul saying in Romans 1:4?

[Romans 1:4 MGNT] (4) τοῦ ὁρισθέντος υἱοῦ θεοῦ ἐν δυνάμει κατὰ πνεῦμα ἁγιωσύνης ἐξ ἀναστάσεως νεκρῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν Here are a couple of English translations: [Romans 1:4 NASB20] (4) ...
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Are Isaiah 55:11 and John 1:1,14 talking about the same “word”?

In the question Why would God fully become His Word if He could not return to Himself? the author assumes a firm link between the term 'word' in the following passages: Isaiah 55:10-11 (ESV): 10 “For ...
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What is a charmer in Deuteronomy 18:11?

Deuteronomy 18:11 or a charmer or a medium or a necromancer or one who inquires of the dead, What is a charmer in Deuteronomy 18:11?
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What do the words kenoo (empty) and harpagmos (seize) mean Philippians 2:5-7? [duplicate]

American Standard Version of Philippians 2:5-7, Have this mind in you, which was also in Christ Jesus who, existing in the form of God, counted not the being on an equality with God a thing to be ...
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Are there any non-NT examples, from the Koine Greek, of an author using the phrase “truly, truly?” [closed]

I've read different interpretations of the significance of Jesus' use of "truly, truly," in the Gospels. From the very pious and serious, to an argument that Jesus is basically cracking ...
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What is meant by “reward” in the context of “And your Father who sees in secret will reward you” (Matthew 6)?

Matthew 6:2-4 (ESV): 2 “Thus, when you give to the needy, sound no trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may be praised by others. Truly, I say to ...
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Greek: Jerusalem, why is this sometimes plural?

I'm trying to understand the use of the city name Jerusalem in the New Testament. In some places, it appears as a proper noun, singular, feminine (Strongs 2419), And then in other places, it appears ...
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Jesus' yoke (Matt 11:28-30) vs the Law's yoke (Acts 15:10): Why is Jesus' yoke easier?

Jesus promises that his yoke is easy: 28 Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and ...
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What is the meaning of word translated immortality in 1 Corinthians 15:53?

What is the meaning of immortality in 1 Corinthians 15:53? For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality.
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When did satan (SH7835) obtain the additional meaning of superhuman adversary?

For Strong's Hebrew number 7854 (Satan) the Brown-Driver-Briggs' notes give these meanings: (1) adversary, one who withstands (1a) adversary (in general — personal or national) (2) superhuman ...
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What is the meaning of “words/logous” in John 14:24 as it compares with “words/rhemata” in John 14:10?

John 14:24 "Whoever does not love me does not keep my words. And the word that you hear is not mine but the Father's who sent me". ESV John 14:10 "Do you not believe that I am in the ...
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What is the meaning of the words translated “ He created” “bara” and “elohim” mean in Genesis 1:1? [closed]

Genesis 1:1 ASV In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. In the beginning בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית (bə·rê·šîṯ) God אֱלֹהִ֑ים (’ĕ·lō·hîm) created בָּרָ֣א (bā·rā) the heavens הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם (haš·šā·ma·...
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Verb “to be” in the Bilingual bible version

Some time ago, I was asking about the difference in John 4:20 about the verb "to be". I don't understand why in the Spanish version we read: "en Jerusalén 'es' el lugar donde se debe ...
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What is meant by “seeking/doing one's own pleasure” in Isaiah 58?

Isaiah 58:3,13-14 (ESV) 3 ‘Why have we fasted, and you see it not? Why have we humbled ourselves, and you take no knowledge of it?’ Behold, in the day of your fast you seek your own pleasure, and ...
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Is the beginning mentioned in Mark 13:19, Mark 10:6 and Matthew 19:4 the same beginning in Genesis 1:1 and John 1:1? In these verses, who created?

Mark 13:19 ASV For those days shall be tribulation, such as there hath not been the like from the beginning of the creation which God created until now, and never shall be Mark 10:6 ASV But from the ...
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In Samuel 19, is it Naioth or hut of prophets?

In 1 Samuel 19:18 (NASB) So David fled and escaped, and came to Samuel at Ramah; and he informed him of everything that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and stayed in Naioth According to ...
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Perfect love that casts out fear vs Fear of God - Are 1 John 4:18 and 2 Corinthians 7:1 talking about different concepts of fear?

1 John 4:18 (ESV): There is no fear in love, but perfect love casts out fear. For fear has to do with punishment, and whoever fears has not been perfected in love. 2 Corinthians 7:1 (ESV): Since we ...

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