Questions tagged [word-study]

Investigation into the meaning or use of an individual word across a body of writing.

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4
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4answers
405 views

Why is peirazo "tempts" in James 1:13 but "test" in John 6:6?

"and he himself tempts no one". from James 1:13 ESV "He said this to test him,..." John 6:6 ESV tempts/peirazei James 1:13. test/peirazon John 6:6. Was Philip tempted?
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1answer
43 views

Who is included in the word "our" in Isaiah 53:4?

Who is included in the word "our" in Isaiah 53:4? "Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows" Obviously in verse 5 the word "our" is for every human being ...
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2answers
49 views

Does "all flesh" in John 17:2 mean the same as "all flesh" in Acts 2:17?

"..Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you, since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him". John 17:...
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4answers
268 views

What does "receive" mean in John 1:12?

"But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God....
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6answers
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Biblically, can the term firstborn really have nothing to do with chronology?

I would like to better understand the meaning of firstborn in Col 1:15 by surveying how the only word (to my knowledge) scripturally translated as firstborn in Greek, prototokos, is applied in ...
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2answers
39 views

Does 'panaq' (Proverbs 29:21) have relevance to Galatians 4:1-7 (sonship)?

The word panaq is used only once in scripture, in Proverbs 29:21, and thus has caused some head-scratching as is seen in the question on this site which asked if it were good to turn a 'slave' into a ...
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4answers
150 views

John 1:18 can monogenes theos refer to God? [duplicate]

Apparently there are several variations of the verse from John 1:18, but the main difference between the different renderings is the μονογενὴς θεός (monogenes theos, "the only God") versus ὁ ...
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2answers
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He has called us "by" or "to" his own glory in 2 Peter 1:3?

"His divine power has given us everything we need for a godly life through our knowledge of him who called us by his own glory and goodness". 2 Peter 1:3 NIV "...who called us to his ...
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20 views

Definitive distinction between Greek Heir κληρονόμον ("klēronómos") in Hebrews 1:2 versus an Ivri Heir יוֹרֵ֥שׁ ("Yoresh") in Genesis 15:3?

Was the Greek term for [Heir] : κληρονόμον ("klēronómos") - always associated with divine inheritance, similar to the Ivri term for [The Heir] : הַיֹּרֵשׁ֙ ("Ha-Yoresh") | [Heir] ...
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3answers
151 views

What does "kata/as" mean in Luke 22:22?

"For the Son of Man goes as it has been determined, but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed!". Luke 22:22. ESV As. "..the Son of Man goes "since" or "for" it ...
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1answer
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Were Israelite Sukkot סֻּכּ֗וֹת “Booths” in Leviticus 23:42-43 simply Ohalim אֹהָלִים “Tents”? - based on Balaam’s observations in Numbers 24:5?

When Balaam raised his eyes and saw Israel dwelling according to its tribes, and the spirit of God rested upon him - Did God confirm through Balaam that Sukkot were good “Tents”? [Bamidbar | Numbers ...
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4answers
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Meaning and significance of the greek word "ἅπτομαι" (haptomai \ haptou) in John 20:17 [duplicate]

I have always been struck by the "oddness" and also variation in the translation of Jesus statement in John 20:17 to Mary magdeline after his resurrection. It is rendered in various english ...
2
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3answers
107 views

How does "has blinded" in John 12:40 compare with "has blinded" in 2 Corinthians 4:4?

"He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, lest they see with their eyes, and understand with their heart, and turn, and I would heal them". John 12:40. ESV "In their case ...
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4answers
460 views

What does "Blessed" mean in 1 Peter 1:3?

" Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the ressurrection of Jesus Christ from the ...
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5answers
113 views

How do "captives/aichmalosian" compare with "captivity/aichmalosian" in Ephesians 4:8?

"Therefore it says, "When he ascended on high he led a host of captives, and he gave gifts to men". Ephesians 4:8 ESV [ Another question on this site focuses on "gifts"]. The ...
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7answers
298 views

What does "new birth" refer to in 1 Peter 1:3?

"Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! In his great mercy he has given us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead". 1 Peter 1:...
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3answers
74 views

Who is the Master craftsman?

Who is the master craftsman in Proverbs 8:30? John1:1-14 Refers to the Word being in the beginning, and that everything was made through Him. But the context of Proverbs 8 refers to wisdom as a women. ...
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5answers
557 views

How do the two sorts of "new" in Colossians 3:10 relate to each other?

"and have put on the new self, which is being renewed in knowledge after the image of its creator". Colossians 3:10 ESV "new" -neon. "renewed"-anakainoumenon. If the new ...
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7answers
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What does "hidden" mean in Colossians 3:3?

Colossians 3:3 "For you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God". ESV. The truth that the Christian's life is hidden with Christ appears matched with the other side of the coin, ...
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4answers
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Why does James use the verb αποκυεω (1:18 - 'begat') not γενναο?

There are many references to the spiritual birth, the 'new' birth, in the New Testament writings but many, if not all, use the verb γενναο to describe that state. Jesus speaks of the 'birth from above'...
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On what basis does Proverbs 24:11 KJV translate môṭ as "those that are ready?"

On what basis does Proverbs 24:11 KJV (and some others) translate môṭ as “those that are ready?” Proverbs 24:11 (emphasis added), If thou forbear to deliver them that are drawn unto death, and those ...
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Does Genesis 3 suggest that Adam and Eve's fig-leaf loincloths (v. 7) were unable to cover nakedness, unlike the tunics of skin (v. 21)?

In Genesis 3:6-10, the first recorded effect of Adam and Eve's sin is that they realized they were naked. Because of this, they sewed fig leaves together to make loincloths, but this isn't considered ...
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2answers
110 views

What is the difference between Acts 10:44 - "the Holy Spirit," and v 45 - "the Holy Spirit?"

The interlinear Grk. feature to my Bible software helps with interpretation, digging deeper for original meaning. The syntax is helpful though I have no formal training here! In verse 44, the ...
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3answers
81 views

What is the meaning and force of ακαταλυτοσ ('endless' life) Hebrews 7:16?

In Hebrews 7, the author has already noted, verse 3, that Melchisedec is mentioned in Genesis with no 'beginning of days' and is αφωμοιωμενον, 'likened to' the Son of God (Psalm 2 and Psalm 110). Thus,...
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Why in Isaiah 24:5 is heperu 6565 translated as "Broken", but in Psalm 119:126 is translated as "have regarded [Your Law] as void". Both from NKJV?

Isaiah 24:5 "The earth is also defiled under its inhabitants, Because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, Broken the everlasting covenant". NKJV Psalm 119:126 "It is ...
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3answers
947 views

Does the Bible permit two wives?

Does the Bible permits marrying two wives as stated in Deut. 21:15? If a man has two wives and he loves one but not the other, and both bear him sons but the firsborn is the son of the wife he does ...
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3answers
62 views

Are the words "beginning" and "word" mentioned in 1John 2:7 the same as those found in John 1:1?

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God; John 1:1 (YLT) Brethren, a new command I write not to you, but an old command, that ye had from the beginning -- the ...
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6answers
368 views

Does our righteousness that comes from God is equal to His righteousness?

In Phil. 3:9 we read: "and be found in Him, not having mine own righteousness, which is from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God by faith;&...
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2answers
61 views

How might the NIV justify putting "husband" in John 1:13?

John 1:13 "children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband's will, but born of God" NIV. Also: NET Bible "a husband's desire". Weymouth N.T. "the will ...
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3answers
154 views

What is this unity?

In John 17:20-23 (NASB) “I am not asking on behalf of these alone, but also for those who believe in Me through their word, that they may all be one; just as You, Father, are in Me and I in You, that ...
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2answers
55 views

What is the force of τε as used in Hebrews 4:12 [TR]?

... μερισμου ψυχης τε και πνευματος αρμων τε και μυελων και κριτικος ενθυμησεων και εννοιων καρδιας [TR - Beza, Stephanus, Elzevir and Scrivener all identical] ... dividing asunder of soul and spirit,...
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2answers
58 views

What is the common theme for the word "baptize"?

G907 baptizō appears 80 times in the NT. ESV Mat 3:11 I baptize you with water for repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will ...
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3answers
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What is the effect of "hallowed/hagiastheto" in Matthew 6:9 being an aorist imperative?

Matthew 6:9 "Pray like this; "Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name". ESV I understand "hagiastheto" is an aorist imperative. "Beyond the Basics" page 720 ...
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1answer
177 views

Do Peter's words in 1 Peter 2:24 suggest that 'wound' would be a better word than 'bruise' in Genesis 3:15?

Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed. [1 Peter 2:24 KJV] All twenty six ...
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3answers
142 views

What does "another/hetero" mean in 1 Corinthians 12:9?

1 Corinthians 12:8-9: "...and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit," ESV. ...
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129 views

Is 1 Corinthians 7:12 God-breathed?

1 Corinthians 7:12 New International Version To the rest I say this (I, not the Lord): If any brother has a wife who is not a believer and she is willing to live with him, he must not divorce her. 2 ...
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4answers
138 views

How might the NLT justify putting "diakonon" as "deacon" in view of John 2:9?

NLT Romans 16:1 "I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea." Another question on this site looks at diakonon being male, here I want to take another focus....
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4answers
251 views

What is meant by "obsolete" in Hebrews 8:13?

Hebrews 8:13 (ESV): 13 In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete. And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away. What is meant by obsolete? Related ...
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3answers
120 views

What is the significance of Hebrew word tummah at Job 2:3?

And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? and still he ...
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2answers
65 views

What does Isaiah 55:6 mean by "seeking" and "finding" the LORD?

Isaiah 55:6 (ESV): “Seek the LORD while he may be found; call upon him while he is near; What does it mean to seek the LORD? What does it mean to find Him?
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3answers
130 views

Is it possible to disambiguate the meaning of the words "rich", "poor" and "poverty" in the context of 2 Corinthians 8:9?

2 Corinthians 8:9: 9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich. [ESV] 9 For ye know the ...
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2answers
62 views

Sin Vs Transgression: is there a technical difference? Lev 16:16 "uncleannesses, transgressions, all their sins"

What is the basic difference between sin vs. transgression? khata or chata/ḥāṭā and pesha Take for example Lev 16:16 ESV to be specific about the various words describing sin: Thus he shall make ...
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1answer
46 views

In what sense do the sun and the moon 'rule' and how does this affect our interpretation of Adam's subsequent 'rule' of Eve?

I have tried to catch the meaning and nuances of 'leaders' 'captains' 'princes' and the like in the development of Israel's nationhood for many years. Is the preposition 'over' implicit in the ...
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1answer
176 views

Genesis 3:5 - 'as God' or 'as gods'?

The KJV states : ... shall be as gods, knowing good and evil [Genesis 3:5] Young's Literal states : ... as God, knowing good and evil [Genesis 3:5] Biblehub states that the participle 'knowing' is ...
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1answer
89 views

What's the difference between enthymesis (ἐνθύμησις) and ennoia (ἔννοια) as in Heb 4:12?

Both,ἐνθύμησις as well as ἔννοια, can be translated as thought. So, I am wondering what is the semantic difference between the two and in how far do they differ from dialogismos / διαλογισμός OR ...
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5answers
270 views

Law of God vs Law of Christ

The phrase "Law of Christ" appears only twice in the NT, namely, 1 Cor 9:21 & Gal 6:2. In the first of these, we read: To those without the law I became like one without the law (...
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I think I know the answer, but it is not what is offered at large. What did Cain do to sin? [closed]

The body should be provided by the respondents. I will comment after I see what they have to say.
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2answers
162 views

What is "a ransom" as it appears in 1 Timothy 2:6?

1 Timothy 2:5-6. "For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, 6 who gave himself as a ransom for all,...". ESV If a prisoner is in a jail and a ...
4
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2answers
95 views

What is the κατεχον and who is the κατεχων at 2 Thess 2:6-7?

The expression "mystery of iniquity" (more common, "hidden power of lawlessness" - Greek: μυστήριον τῆς ἀνομίας; Lat: mysterium iniquitatis) comes from the Second Letter to the ...
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5answers
911 views

“You are my Son, today I have begotten you” - what are the meaning and implications of the word "today" in the context of Hebrews 1:5?

Hebrews 1:5 (ESV): 5 For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son, today I have begotten you”? Or again, “I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son”? It's clear that ...

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