Questions tagged [hermeneutical-approaches]

Particular philosophies and methodologies of textual interpretation.

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Mark Chapter 5 verses 19 & 43

But Jesus said, “No, go home to your family, and tell them everything the Lord has done for you and how merciful he has been.” Mark 5:19 NLT Why is it that Jesus commanded the demon possessed man in ...
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Can “God” in John refer anywhere to a Godhead, or is this a foreign concept to John? (Cp. John 17:3)

Note: See addendum below for a treatment of the word "only." I am no longer replying directly to comments to this question. Note that this question is entirely based on grammar, syntax and lexical ...
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Can the term “one God” in Paul apply to anyone but the Father? (Eph 4:6)

Paul uses the term “one God” three times. In two of them he explicitly identifies the Father as the one God [1] and in one the Father can be identified contextually. [2,3]. There are no OT or NT ...
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Since Dan Wallace shows that Jewish Literature personified “winds” more than the NT does Holy Spirit, does grieving it prove personhood at Eph 4:30?

Many see personal terms used of the Holy Spirit as proof it is a person, such as: Eph 4:30 “And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, in whom ye were sealed unto the day of redemption.” (ASV) Greek ...
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Can there be two different beginnings of God's creation, one at Proverbs 8:22 and a different one at Revelation 3:14?

The speaker Proverbs 8:22 said “The Lord created[1] me the beginning of his way for his works, κύριος ἔκτισέν με ἀρχὴν ὁδῶν αὐτοῦ εἰς ἔργα αὐτοῦ. The Hebrew word qanah does mean "create" at ...
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Do Ps 89:2 and Pr 8:25 in the LXX dispel the notion that creation and being begotten are substantially different?

At Psalms 89:2 in the LXX it is said that the mountains were born. (πρὸ τοῦ ὄρη γενηθῆναι) At Pr 8:22 in the LXX the speaker is created but in verse 25 he is begotten with γεννά με. The Complete ...
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Does John 1:4+5:26 support whether or not the Word received life from God as BDAG suggests?

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+1%3A3-4&version=NRSV John 1:3-4 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) 3 All things came into being through him, and without him not one thing came ...
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How does the meaning of Mark 10:18 confirm the Shema as per BDAG? [closed]

Bauer-Danker-Arndt-Gingrich Greek lexicon cites Mark 10:18 to show that Jesus did not equate himself with the Lord God the Father of the Shema. [1] So, How does the meaning of Mark 10:18 confirm the ...
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Is there ANY linguistic support that the phrase “beginning of creation” at Rev 3:14 means Christ is the first-cause using a Biblical Hermeneutic?

In 1979 the 2nd edition Bauer-Arndt-Gingrich-Danker Greek lexicon (BAGD) said of “the beginning of creation” used of Christ at Rev 3:14 that “the mng. beginning=‘first created’ is linguistically ...
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Mark 13:32 - Why doesn't the Holy Spirit know?

Mark 13:32 (ASV): But of that day or that hour knoweth no one, not even the angels in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father. At Mark 13:32, Jesus teaches that in the entire range of heavenly beings,...
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Understanding the Scripture [closed]

Does the Scripture, Holy Bible, have it’s own principles to interpret itself? If so, what are they and in which specific sections of the Scripture are they found?
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Psalm 104:30 grammar

Does the grammar in Psalm 104:30 support what is to come, as opposed to what has happened in the past? From my extremely basic understanding it supports what is to come, but I want to be sure. 30 ...
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Question Regarding the Codex Sinaiticus [closed]

There seems to be some question as to whether or not the Codex Sinaiticus is a late contrivance. The question revolves around the controversy between Constantine Simonides (1820–1890) and Lobegott ...
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In Luke 18:36-37, why does the blind man say “Son of David” instead of “Jesus of Nazareth”?

In Luke 18:36-37 [NASB]: Now hearing a crowd going by, he began to inquire what this was. They told him that Jesus of Nazareth was passing by. And he called out, saying, "Jesus, Son of David, have ...
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What is the best interpretation of the “finger of God” in the Old Testament?

The "finger of God" as used in the Old Testament seems to depict two diversely annotated acts of God. First, in Exodus 8:16–20, during the plagues of Egypt, it is used by the Egyptian priests to ...
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Should οἰκοδομέω be interpreted literally or metaphorically?

οἰκοδομέω (oikodomeō), with the lexical entry STRONG NT 3618, is the Greek verb for "edify." In the gospels it often has the normal meaning of building a physical structure. But in Acts and the rest ...
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Is 1 Timothy 3:11 referring to deaconesses?

The position of this solitary charge, respecting deacons’ wives, in the midst of regulations concerning “deacons,” is, of itself, almost decisive against the translation of the English version, ...
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Why did God hate Esau from the womb when he had done no evil?

In my effort to take a survey on the character of Esau, I seem to be running into more difficulties in unveiling why the All-loving God declared hatred for Esau right from the womb when he had done no ...
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What mountains is Isaiah 52:7 referring to?

I have read through Isaiah 52:7 time and again. I don’t seem to be coming to terms with how the feet of him that brings the good news are beautiful upon the mountains. “How beautiful upon the ...
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Are “the treasures of darkness” in Isaiah 45:3 some forms of real blessings or apocalyptic coding?

Is the treasures of darkness, another reference to the hidden wealth of secret places in Isaiah 45:3. I will give you the treasures of darkness and the hoards in secret places, that you may know ...
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The seventy rooms (of pictures) in the temple in Ezekiel 8:11-13?

As I read through Ezekiel Chapter 8, I took notice of the "seventy men of the elders of the house of Israel" mentioned in verse 11 and what they were doing in the dark. "11 And before them stood ...
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Did biblical authors intentionally use repeated words to connect passages within their writing?

In my study of the gospel of Mark, as I try to uncover Mark's intent in various passages, I rely heavily on the literary device of repeated words. Specifically, I assume that if a Greek word only ...
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When Jesus said to Peter” Satan hath desired to have you…” what did he mean (Lk 22:31-34)

The famous passage spoken by Jesus unto Peter reads: “Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat: But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, ...
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In Genesis 27:19 what is the meaning of “that your soul may bless me”?

When Jacob responds to Isaac's call in Genesis 27:19 [NKJV], he says these words: “...I am Esau your firstborn; I have done just as you told me; please arise, sit and eat of my game, that your ...
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זֶרַע or זְרֹע in 1 Samuel 2:31

The MT 1 Samuel 2:31 reads: הִנֵּה, יָמִים בָּאִים, וְגָדַעְתִּי אֶת-זְרֹעֲךָ, וְאֶת-זְרֹעַ בֵּית אָבִיךָ--מִהְיוֹת זָקֵן, בְּבֵיתֶךָ. Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, ...
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What is an exegetical understanding of ἀντίχριστ- / anti-chist?

The phrase "anti-christ" is specific to the works of the apostle John in 1John 2:18, 1John 2:22; 1John 4:3 and 2John 1:7. These are the only places where the compound word and understanding of anti-...
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Is 1 John 2:15-17 talking about this life or the after life?

So, I've been wrestling with "love for the world" and what that has to do with the "afterlife"... We know we can't prove our love for God, because nothing good lives in us - Romans 7:18 - we may have ...
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What are the major differences between Heidegger's, Gadamer's and Ricoeur's hermeneutics?

Where would Heidegger, Ricoeur, and Gadamer disagree most on hermeneutic methodology? I'm exploring this question or Quora and hoping to gather further insight and perspective.
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Why does Paul misquote the OT

I've been reading through Romans and noticed Paul does the following: Romans 11:8 quotes Isaiah 29:10 and Deuteronomy 29:4. The same sentiment is found also in Isaiah 6:9-10. But this is not a word ...
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How do we decide if a biblical instruction is cultural or transcultural?

We ignore many instructions in the Bible, but keep some. For instance women do not stay silent in church or wear head coverings during prayer. How do we decide if a verse was written for the culture ...
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Did Paul think that Isaiah was about the exile of the 6th century BC or that Isaiah intended it to be about the destruction of 70ad? [closed]

The question It might (or might not) be useful to review this related question before tackling this one. In this excellent but imperfect paper the author points to the many instances where Paul ...
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Are the 70 weeks of Daniel and Jeremiah prophecies about the Babylonian exile of the 6th century BC or about the age of the Messiah?

Jeremiah ostensibly predicted that Israel would be destroyed and be in captivity to Babylon for 70 years: [Jer 25:11 NLT] 11 This entire land will become a desolate wasteland. Israel and her ...
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In using a Koine lexicon, does only the first entry count? [closed]

It has been suggested on another site that only the first entry of a Koine lexicon "counts". In this example of neo-Platonism, the first lexeme matches the "Ideal Form" which in this case is an ...
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Do Greek and Hebrew words have only one meaning in scripture regardless of the context?

Is it a legitimate linguistic feature within scriptures that the words of scripture only have one meaning each? For example, the KJV translates Strong's G1242 in the following manner: covenant (20x), ...
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Are the repetitions in Isaiah intended to reinforce the idea of “double retribution”?

In several places in Isaiah 43:11 to 52:11 (and I believe other places) he repeats phrases: [Isa 43:11, 25 CSB] 11 "I ​-- ​I am the LORD. Besides me, there is no Savior. ... 25 "I ​-- ​I sweep away ...
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What Hermeneutical attributes are most important (For new Bible Tool)? [closed]

I'm a software engineer and I've built a bible analytics tool specifically to analyze various doctrines across denominations, ranking applicable verse higher based largely on the hermeneutics. I'm ...
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Looking at scripture when do we receive the soul [closed]

When looking at scripture when does the soul enter the body
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In 1 Corinthians 11:3-10 what does it mean that the head of the woman/wife is the husband/man?

What is the Biblical basis for male headship per 1 Corinthians 11:3-10? From what I have studied, the meaning of the word "head" back in the time Paul wrote it meant "source". The definition "leader" ...
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How to determine scope and applicability of a passage, with focus on John 6:32-51?

What is the scope of the bread of life discourse in John? I have always, along with most commentators I've read, thought it was universal because of terms "world" (33, 51), "he who" and "anyone" (35, ...
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Eisegesis needed for correct exegeting of Scripture, with John 1:1-14 as question topic

So, I had asked a related question that was closed for it's lack of Scripture to apply a hermeneutically approach to, so I've re phrased to scripture which is very important to the Christian faith: ...
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Hermeneutics…? [closed]

How old is the word hermeneutics? How do I convey the fact that I keep the first in terms of greatest Commandments and for that reason your eyes have not seen ears have not heard nor has it entered ...
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Don't we need Biblically definitive eisegesis to Exegete properly?

I've been looking at some of the thoughts on eisegesis and it seems that the general tone is always negative when the term comes up. However, when we read the bible in an Exegetical way in order to ...
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Are the meanings of El and Elohe in Genesis 33:20 different or same? If different, how do they different?

Genesis 33:20 "ויצב שם מזבח ויקרא לו אל אלהי ישראל׃" The context of Genesis 33:20 is Genesis 33:18-20 "18After Jacob had come from Paddan-aram, he arrived safely at the city of Shechem in the ...
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In 2 Cor 10:3-5 what kind of war does he say a Christian must and must not wage?

In the following text by Paul what kind of "warfare" can Christians be involved in and what kind of "warfare" must Christians not be involved in? KJV 2 Cor 10:3-5 "For though we walk in the ...
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Lord Jesus christ and his disciples,were they friends or enemies? [closed]

So far I have asked a number of questions such as: For whom would it be better not to have been born (Matthew 26:24)? Jesus curses or speaks the truth about life? Consider the age of Jesus and the ...
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Are the principalities and powers in Titus 3:1 the same as in Ephesians 6:12?

Why did Paul say we should wrestle against "principalities and powers" in Ephesians 6:12 and obey them in Titus 3:1? ESV Ephesians 6:12 For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against ...
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What does Hosea 12:1 mean by “Ephraim feedeth on wind?”

It seems Hosea 12:1 was referring to the covenant that Ephraim made with the Assyrians. If that is what "feeding on wind" implies in the verse, then how does that relate to "carrying oil into Egypt"? ...
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Interpreting Daniel's prophecy (most of which Daniel didn't understand)

"The best way to interpret a Bible passage is to understand it the way the original writer and recipients understood". Agreed. This principle is helpful. But what about texts like Daniel's ...
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In 1 Corinthians 10:4, in what sense was Christ the rock that followed the Jews and how did he/it follow?

Is Paul saying that the rock trailed behind the wandering Jews? And was the rock literally Christ in a different form? Or is he calling attention to its value as a metaphor for Christ? KJV 1Co_10:4 ...
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Are there non-Rabbinical hermeneutics that recognize deliberate, non-chronological ordering of texts in the Pentateuch?

In Rabbinic Literature there is a principle of Biblical interpretation known as אין מוקדם ומאוחר בתורה (Ein Mukdam U'me'uhar B'Torah), which postulates that the Pentateuch does not (necessarily) ...