Questions tagged [hermeneutical-approaches]

Particular philosophies and methodologies of textual interpretation.

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Did biblical authors intentionally use repeated words to connect passages within their writing?

In my study of the gospel of Mark, as I try to uncover Mark's intent in various passages, I rely heavily on the literary device of repeated words. Specifically, I assume that if a Greek word only ...
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When Jesus said to Peter” Satan hath desired to have you…” what did he mean (Lk 22:31-34)

The famous passage spoken by Jesus unto Peter reads: “Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat: But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, ...
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In Genesis 27:19 what is the meaning of “that your soul may bless me”?

When Jacob responds to Isaac's call in Genesis 27:19 [NKJV], he says these words: “...I am Esau your firstborn; I have done just as you told me; please arise, sit and eat of my game, that your ...
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זֶרַע or זְרֹע in 1 Samuel 2:31

The MT 1 Samuel 2:31 reads: הִנֵּה, יָמִים בָּאִים, וְגָדַעְתִּי אֶת-זְרֹעֲךָ, וְאֶת-זְרֹעַ בֵּית אָבִיךָ--מִהְיוֹת זָקֵן, בְּבֵיתֶךָ. Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, ...
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What is an exegetical understanding of ἀντίχριστ- / anti-chist?

The phrase "anti-christ" is specific to the works of the apostle John in 1John 2:18, 1John 2:22; 1John 4:3 and 2John 1:7. These are the only places where the compound word and understanding of anti-...
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Is 1 John 2:15-17 talking about this life or the after life?

So, I've been wrestling with "love for the world" and what that has to do with the "afterlife"... We know we can't prove our love for God, because nothing good lives in us - Romans 7:18 - we may have ...
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What are the major differences between Heidegger's, Gadamer's and Ricoeur's hermeneutics?

Where would Heidegger, Ricoeur, and Gadamer disagree most on hermeneutic methodology? I'm exploring this question or Quora and hoping to gather further insight and perspective.
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Why does Paul misquote the OT

I've been reading through Romans and noticed Paul does the following: Romans 11:8 quotes Isaiah 29:10 and Deuteronomy 29:4. The same sentiment is found also in Isaiah 6:9-10. But this is not a word ...
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How do we decide if a biblical instruction is cultural or transcultural?

We ignore many instructions in the Bible, but keep some. For instance women do not stay silent in church or wear head coverings during prayer. How do we decide if a verse was written for the culture ...
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Did Paul think that Isaiah was about the exile of the 6th century BC or that Isaiah intended it to be about the destruction of 70ad? [closed]

The question It might (or might not) be useful to review this related question before tackling this one. In this excellent but imperfect paper the author points to the many instances where Paul ...
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Are the 70 weeks of Daniel and Jeremiah prophecies about the Babylonian exile of the 6th century BC or about the age of the Messiah?

Jeremiah ostensibly predicted that Israel would be destroyed and be in captivity to Babylon for 70 years: [Jer 25:11 NLT] 11 This entire land will become a desolate wasteland. Israel and her ...
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In using a Koine lexicon, does only the first entry count? [closed]

It has been suggested on another site that only the first entry of a Koine lexicon "counts". In this example of neo-Platonism, the first lexeme matches the "Ideal Form" which in this case is an ...
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Do Greek and Hebrew words have only one meaning in scripture regardless of the context?

Is it a legitimate linguistic feature within scriptures that the words of scripture only have one meaning each? For example, the KJV translates Strong's G1242 in the following manner: covenant (20x), ...
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Are the repetitions in Isaiah intended to reinforce the idea of “double retribution”?

In several places in Isaiah 43:11 to 52:11 (and I believe other places) he repeats phrases: [Isa 43:11, 25 CSB] 11 "I ​-- ​I am the LORD. Besides me, there is no Savior. ... 25 "I ​-- ​I sweep away ...
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What Hermeneutical attributes are most important (For new Bible Tool)? [closed]

I'm a software engineer and I've built a bible analytics tool specifically to analyze various doctrines across denominations, ranking applicable verse higher based largely on the hermeneutics. I'm ...
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Looking at scripture when do we receive the soul [closed]

When looking at scripture when does the soul enter the body
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In 1 Corinthians 11:3-10 what does it mean that the head of the woman/wife is the husband/man?

What is the Biblical basis for male headship per 1 Corinthians 11:3-10? From what I have studied, the meaning of the word "head" back in the time Paul wrote it meant "source". The definition "leader" ...
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How to determine scope and applicability of a passage, with focus on John 6:32-51?

What is the scope of the bread of life discourse in John? I have always, along with most commentators I've read, thought it was universal because of terms "world" (33, 51), "he who" and "anyone" (35, ...
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Eisegesis needed for correct exegeting of Scripture, with John 1:1-14 as question topic

So, I had asked a related question that was closed for it's lack of Scripture to apply a hermeneutically approach to, so I've re phrased to scripture which is very important to the Christian faith: ...
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Hermeneutics…? [closed]

How old is the word hermeneutics? How do I convey the fact that I keep the first in terms of greatest Commandments and for that reason your eyes have not seen ears have not heard nor has it entered ...
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Don't we need Biblically definitive eisegesis to Exegete properly?

I've been looking at some of the thoughts on eisegesis and it seems that the general tone is always negative when the term comes up. However, when we read the bible in an Exegetical way in order to ...
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Are the meanings of El and Elohe in Genesis 33:20 different or same? If different, how do they different?

Genesis 33:20 "ויצב שם מזבח ויקרא לו אל אלהי ישראל׃" The context of Genesis 33:20 is Genesis 33:18-20 "18After Jacob had come from Paddan-aram, he arrived safely at the city of Shechem in the ...
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In 2 Cor 10:3-5 what kind of war does he say a Christian must and must not wage?

In the following text by Paul what kind of "warfare" can Christians be involved in and what kind of "warfare" must Christians not be involved in? KJV 2 Cor 10:3-5 "For though we walk in the ...
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Lord Jesus christ and his disciples,were they friends or enemies? [closed]

So far I have asked a number of questions such as: For whom would it be better not to have been born (Matthew 26:24)? Jesus curses or speaks the truth about life? Consider the age of Jesus and the ...
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199 views

Are the principalities and powers in Titus 3:1 the same as in Ephesians 6:12?

Why did Paul say we should wrestle against "principalities and powers" in Ephesians 6:12 and obey them in Titus 3:1? ESV Ephesians 6:12 For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against ...
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What does Hosea 12:1 mean by “Ephraim feedeth on wind?”

It seems Hosea 12:1 was referring to the covenant that Ephraim made with the Assyrians. If that is what "feeding on wind" implies in the verse, then how does that relate to "carrying oil into Egypt"? ...
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Interpreting Daniel's prophecy (most of which Daniel didn't understand)

"The best way to interpret a Bible passage is to understand it the way the original writer and recipients understood". Agreed. This principle is helpful. But what about texts like Daniel's ...
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In 1 Corinthians 10:4, in what sense was Christ the rock that followed the Jews and how did he/it follow?

Is Paul saying that the rock trailed behind the wandering Jews? And was the rock literally Christ in a different form? Or is he calling attention to its value as a metaphor for Christ? KJV 1Co_10:4 ...
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Are there non-Rabbinical hermeneutics that recognize deliberate, non-chronological ordering of texts in the Pentateuch?

In Rabbinic Literature there is a principle of Biblical interpretation known as אין מוקדם ומאוחר בתורה (Ein Mukdam U'me'uhar B'Torah), which postulates that the Pentateuch does not (necessarily) ...
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Other than as a memory aid what is the alleged hermeneutical significance of chiastic structure?

Whether or not chiasmus is something intended by an author or whether it is simply serendipity is a question about which there is no settled opinion. People disagree. Some see it everywhere and are ...
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In Genesis 9:20-24 why is Ham, the second born, referred to as the “younger son”?

Genesis 9:20-24 NKJV And Noah began to be a farmer, and he planted a vineyard. Then he drank of the wine and was drunk, and became uncovered in his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw ...
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Is Jesus' “gospel of the kingdom” obsolete? [closed]

Jesus proclaimed and taught "the gospel of the kingdom" as mentioned in Matthew 24:14: Mat_24:14  And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; ...
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“Unbiased” Intro to Old Testament [closed]

I teach Intro to Old Testament at a community college. I am looking for something that may be a unicorn.But, I am going to ask anyway. Does anyone know of an Intro to Old Testament that does not ...
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The proper reading of Exodus 31:17

This is a follow up question to a question i've asked a few months ago. In the linked question (and until recently) i have assumed that Exodus 31:17 is to be taken as a complete sentence, It ...
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How does the NKJV apply 2 Samuel 7:14 to 2 Corinthians 6:18?

2 Samuel 7:14 New King James Version (NKJV) 14 I will be his Father, and he shall be My son. If he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men and with the blows of the sons of men. 2 ...
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How to read Joshua 5:14?

The Hebrew in Joshua 5:14 reads וַיֹּאמֶר לֹא כִּי אֲנִי שַׂר צְבָא יְדוָד עַתָּה בָאתִי A literal translation of the text would render this: And he replied "No. For i am the commander of ...
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Fulfillment of Jacob's request regarding the inheritance of the land (Genesis 48)?

In Genesis 48:5-6 Jacob transfers the firstborn right from Reuben to Joseph (see 1 chronicles 5:1), and adopts his sons Ephraim and Menasseh as his own, and gives them prioritized standing in ...
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Proverbs 11:15 - “put up security for a stranger” and “striking hands in pledge”

Proverbs 11:15 Whoever puts up security for a stranger will surely suffer harm, but he who hates striking hands in pledge is secure. I don't really understand 2 phrases: "put up security for ...
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In/for what intention the Angels declared peace on earth?

When someone is dying how can we greet peace on them? So many children were killed when Jesus was born, and many people went through lament/mourning. In that situation how the Angels declared peace on ...
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What does “branches are gathered up and thrown into the fire” mean in John 15:6?

What does "branches are gathered up and thrown into the fire" mean? John 15:6 If anyone does not remain in me, he is thrown out like a branch, and dries up; and such branches are gathered up and ...
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Is 'darkness upon' in Genesis 1:2 cosmic, rather than merely terrestrial, despite that the central subject and Biblical grammar suggests the latter?

Is 'darkness upon' in Genesis 1:2 cosmic, rather than merely terrestrial, despite that the central subject (Earth) and Biblical Hebrew grammar (ex:Luke 23:44, Exodus 14:20, Deuteronomy 4:11, Joshua ...
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On which day was the wave offering made in Leviticus 23:10-11?

Leviticus 23:10-11 New International Version (NIV) 10 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter the land I am going to give you and you reap its harvest, bring to the priest a sheaf ...
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747 views

What were the grievances Jeroboam brought against king Solomon?

The Bible in 1 kings 11:27 says (NIV): Here is the account of how he rebelled against the king: Solomon had built the terracesa (Millo) and had filled in the gap in the wall of the city of ...
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What is the “Last trumpet” that Paul was referring to in 1-cor 15:52 [closed]

Trumpets are mentioned in apocalypse and "Day of the LORD" prophecies. E.g Psalm 47:5 (God goes up with the sound of a trumpet) Isaiah 27:13 (God saves his people after a trumpet blast) ...
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How can a sparrow nest on the altars of God according to Psalm 84:3

The sparrow finds home a while the swallow finds a nest. Both birds find homes and nests on the LORD'S Altars (plural), not altar. Psalm:84.3 Even the sparrow has found a home, And the ...
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Is it Paul or Luke that is speaking in Acts 19:5?

Is it Paul or Luke that is speaking in Acts 19:5? ἀκούσαντες δὲ ἐβαπτίσθησαν εἰς τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ. [Acts 19:5, SBL Edition] John Gill would say it's Paul: these are the words of the ...
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bible ownership [closed]

Apart from the Ethiopian, whom Philip meets Acts 8;29, is there any evidence for the private ownership of any works of Scripture before about 400 A.D.? Otherwise, what is the earliest evidence that ...
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518 views

Did Jesus hide himself or was he hidden in John 8:59?

In John 8:59 (and in John 12:36) the voice of the verb κρύπτω is passive which I understand to mean that the subject (Jesus) is receiving the action of the verb as opposed to doing the action of the ...
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521 views

What iniquity was depicted by the filthy garments in Zechariah 3:3?

Zechariah 3:3 3 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the angel. 4 And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from ...
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Meaning of Deuteronomy 18:8

Deuteronomy 18:6-9 reads (NIV), If a Levite moves from one of your towns anywhere in Israel where he is living, and comes in all earnestness to the place the LORD will choose, 7 he may minister ...