Questions tagged [historical-interpretation]

Questions about the interpretation of a passage across different periods of history.

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8 votes
4 answers
896 views

Son of theos vs son of kyrios

I'm hesitant to speak in absolute terms about this, but perhaps it can be generally agreed upon that in many cases where we see Χριστὸς we tend not to see κυριος as a relational lexicon to describe ...
-1 votes
4 answers
84 views

Why does Revelation 19:18 mention commanders on horses when this future prophecy is likely to not have actual horses? [closed]

The text: “Then I saw an angel standing in the sun, and he cried out with a loud voice, saying to all the birds which fly in midheaven, “Come, assemble for the great supper of God, so that you may ...
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6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is Ephesians 6:5-9 inapplicable with modern Christians who don’t have a “slave”?

Paul says: “Slaves, be obedient to those who are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in the sincerity of your heart, as to Christ; not by way of eyeservice, as men-pleasers, ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
133 views

Was there a Biblical change of day when Jesus sat and ate the Passover, and was there a change of day when Joseph came to the cross the first time? [duplicate]

If there was a Biblical change of day when Jesus sat and ate the Passover, and there was a change of day when Joseph came to the cross (the first time), this would show major differences between what ...
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0 votes
1 answer
42 views

Was the stone at the tomb of Jesus square shaped? [closed]

Archeologist Amos Kloner claims that it isn't historically probable that Jesus' tomb had a circle shaped rock blocking it. Kloner argues that we don't find many circle shaped rocks blocking tombs ...
11 votes
7 answers
2k views

Is "God is light" more than metaphor in 1 John 1:5?

1 John 1:5 states that God is light - but Genesis 1:3 describes God creating light. Obviously God cannot create himself; nor does his nature change. I see a few options here, and I'm wondering which, ...
3 votes
2 answers
123 views

Is the trial of Jesus before the Sanhedrin too illegal to be true?

The story that we have in the gospels of Mark and Matthew (Mark 14:53-65; Matthew 26:57-68) of the Trial of Jesus before the Sanhedrin seems to contradict many passages in the Mishna in the tractate ...
3 votes
1 answer
53 views

Job 38 :32 - hapax legomenon "Mazzaroth" - impact on interpretation

The message of the Job 38:32 rhetorical flourish is plain to see: God appears to be pointing out the narrow confines of Job's knowledge and ability. However, the manner/angle in which God communicates ...
6 votes
6 answers
176 views

Any patristic sources on 1 Timothy 2:11-12 that address whether the context is the church?

1 Timothy 2:11-12 has been variously understood. One view I recently heard is that it teaches women to be silent not only in church, as is the case in 1 Corinthians 14:34-35, but also in secular ...
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2 votes
3 answers
133 views

How do we reconcile Matthew 6:14-15 with 1 John 2:1?

The verses in dispute: “For if you forgive others for their transgressions, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive others, then your Father will not forgive your ...
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6 votes
7 answers
1k views

What was the pre-Christian interpretation of Psalm 2:7?

What was the common interpretation among the Jews Psalm 2:7, before the birth of Jesus? I will proclaim the Lord’s decree: He said to me, “You are my son; today I have become your father. How would ...
0 votes
2 answers
66 views

Would Proverbs 26:18-19 be relevant to scenario cases that involve bullying/hazing/ragging?

Closely related posting: Does Proverbs 26:18-19 condemn tricking people for a joke? Proverbs 26:18-19 New American Standard Bible 1995 18 Like a madman who throws Firebrands, arrows and death, 19 So ...
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4 votes
2 answers
219 views

Could someone please give an elaborate explanation as to how Wisdom, knowledge & understanding are different and/or overlap in Proverbs 24:3-5?

( reference: https://www.gotquestions.org/wisdom-knowledge.html ) Proverbs 24:3-5 New American Standard Bible 1995 3 By wisdom a house is built, And by understanding it is established; 4 And by ...
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2 votes
2 answers
119 views

(Proverbs 23:1-3) what does Not desiring deceptive food have anything to do with behaving while dining with important leaders?

(Proverbs 23:1-3) New American Standard Bible 1995 1 When you sit down to dine with a ruler, Consider carefully [a]what is before you, 2 And put a knife to your throat If you are a man of great ...
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2 votes
1 answer
78 views

Textual Variants of John 19:26-27 (Entrustment of Mary)

Are there any known historical variants, interpolations, or alternate interpretations regarding the Entrustment of Mary in John 19:26-27? Specifically the four bold words in verse 26 below? John 19 [...
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1 vote
1 answer
50 views

What can we learn from Barak's stipulation that Deborah accompany him as he mustered the Israelite men for war, & from Deborah's response?

What can we learn from Barak's stipulation that Deborah accompany him as he mustered the Israelite men for war, & from Deborah's response? I might just be asking the obvious. Is Barak's ...
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2 votes
4 answers
194 views

What could the future significance of the 2300 evenings and mornings, mentioned in Dan, 8, represent? Antiochus' later persecution of the Jews aside

Besides there being a general consensus of opinion (see Biblehub.com/commentaries on Dan, 8:14, 8:26) that Daniel in his vision is previewing Antiochus Epiphanes' persecution of the Jews, in the 2nd ...
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3 votes
2 answers
73 views

Does Proverbs 20:16b warning about pledging to someone narrowly focus on sexual promiscuity Or is it a broader warning?

20:16 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex לְֽקַח־בִּ֭גְדֹו כִּי־עָ֣רַב זָ֑ר וּבְעַ֖ד [נָכְרִים כ] (נָכְרִיָּ֣ה ק) חַבְלֵֽהוּ׃ ( Proverbs 20:16 ) (NASB 1995) Take his garment when he becomes surety ...
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2 votes
1 answer
84 views

What was the Pharisee’s view of “demonology”?

“We read “As they went out, behold, they brought to Him a man, mute and demon-possessed. And when the demon was cast out, the mute spoke. And the multitudes marveled, saying, “It was never seen like ...
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1 vote
4 answers
2k views

Proverbs 18:22's grossly oversimplified, glib, nonchalant view about getting married [closed]

Most of the verses in the Bible's Proverbs can be read by and in themselves. In other words, in general, for the most part, we would Not need to apply hermeneutic tools like scripture-interprets-...
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1 vote
2 answers
118 views

(Proverbs 17:16) "fools" setting a "price" on "wisdom" when they have "No sense" and/or they have "No heart" for it (Multiple /layered meanings)

( Related Postings: Psalm 37:4 & Psalm 20:4 "...grant you your heart’s desire..." and "...give you the desires of your heart..." "dual-natured layers of meaning" ) ...
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1 vote
1 answer
73 views

Elaborate on what Proverbs 14:9a says about "fools" and "sin" in order to get a deeper understanding. (layers of meaning)

משלי 14:9 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex אֱ֭וִלִים יָלִ֣יץ אָשָׁ֑ם וּבֵ֖ין יְשָׁרִ֣ים רָצֹֽון׃ Proverbs 14:9 (New American Standard Bible 1995) 9 Fools mock at [a]sin, But among the upright ...
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2 votes
4 answers
102 views

1st John 1:1 “Word of Life” is this “Jesus” or the “Scripture”?

We read: “That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, concerning the Word of life— the life was ...
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2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Does Job 42:11 imply that Job’s wife came back to him?

How else did Job have additional kids? Job’s wife is not explicitly mentioned, or is she? We read: And the Lord restored Job’s losses when he prayed for his friends. Indeed the Lord gave Job twice ...
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1 vote
1 answer
100 views

In Jeremiah 13:17 what does Jeremiah mean by “My soul will weep”?

Q: so in Jeremiah 13:17 is Jeremiah being literal, figurative(as if He is grieved), or metaphorical when he says “my soul will weep”??? Hear and give ear: Do not be proud, For the Lord has spoken. ...
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2 votes
4 answers
116 views

Does 1 Corinthians 7:7 mean God sovereignly decree’s some people to be married & others to singleness?

We have the similar question: Is celibacy a gift according to 1 Corinthians 7:7? I’m not asking if Celibacy is a gift, but my question is: Q: Does 1 Corinthians 7:7 mean God predestines some to be ...
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3 votes
2 answers
103 views

What is the deeper contextual meaning of Mark 4:11's "outside"?

Mark 4:10-12 New American Standard Bible 1995 10 As soon as He was alone, [a]His followers, along with the twelve, began asking Him about the parables. 11 And He was saying to them, “To you has been ...
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-1 votes
2 answers
117 views

Anyway of interpreting adultery verses in Proverbs 2,3,6,7 & 9 in a more gender-neutral / gender-inclusive / politically correct manner [closed]

Proverbs 2:16-19 Proverbs 5:3-20 Proverbs 6:24-35 Proverbs 7:5-27 Proverbs 9:13-18 ( may be more broader than just adultery, sexual fornification, sexual lust because it could also include being ...
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2 votes
2 answers
227 views

Galatians 5:4 “fallen from grace/failed to grasp grace” Greek roots

I heard a Pastor through a teaching sermon on Galatians make mention that Galatians 5:4 is spoken from Paul in terms of “failing to grasp grace” rather than “falling from grace” as if justified ...
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4 votes
1 answer
552 views

Hebrew referring to Adam & Eve in Genesis 1-3

In Genesis there is word play for man (ish איש) and woman (ishah אשה); also in regards to Eve, the name (chawah חוה) means living or life bearer does it not? With this in mind, in regards to the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
35 views

Why the Offence?

MATTHEW 15:11 Not what goes into the mouth defiles a man; but what comes out of the mouth, this defiles a man.” 12 Then His disciples came and said to Him, “Do You know that the Pharisees were ...
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0 votes
2 answers
114 views

Do the (Isaiah 29:7-9) and (Ecclesiastes 5:3) bible verses relate to dreams and visions associated with fleshly desires as opposed to Godly?

Related Question Postings: https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/a/30584/19810 Analyzing ( Jeremiah 29:8 ) rejection of other prophets prophecy by keeping Jeremiah 28 & Jeremiah 29 in context I ...
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2 votes
1 answer
33 views

Implications of disregarding Samuel's warnings

Samuel 8:10-18 (KJV): And Samuel told all the words of the Lord unto the people that asked of him a king. And he said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your ...
5 votes
1 answer
580 views

How did Paul became a Roman citizen?

In Acts 16:37 we read that Paul was Roman (emphasis mine) But Paul said unto them, They have beaten us openly uncondemned, being Romans, and have cast us into prison; and now do they thrust us out ...
1 vote
1 answer
89 views

Analyzing ( Jeremiah 29:8 ) rejection of other prophets prophecy by keeping Jeremiah 28 & Jeremiah 29 in context

@b-a 's answer in this related posting is quite good, and I just wanted to spawn out some more questions about it: Related Question Posting: https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/a/30584/19810 ...
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1 vote
1 answer
39 views

What is the most accurate rendering of Psalms 11:7

4 different translations: “For the Lord is righteous, He loves righteousness; His countenance beholds the upright.” ‭‭Psalms‬ ‭11:7‬ ‭NKJV “Certainly the Lord is just; he rewards godly deeds; the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
108 views

What is the most accurate rendering of Psalms 7:11 (Textual Criticism)

A few different translations: “God judgeth the righteous, And God is angry with the wicked every day.” ‭‭Psalm‬ ‭7:11‬ ‭KJV “God is a righteous judge, And a God who shows indignation every day.” ‭‭...
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2 votes
2 answers
128 views

What is the more accurate rendering of 2 Thessalonians 1:9 “ruin” or “destruction”?

We read two different translations: “These will pay the penalty of eternal ruin, separated from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his power,” ‭‭2 Thessalonians‬ ‭1:9‬ ‭(NABRE‬‬) Vs “...
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2 votes
2 answers
215 views

What is Peter speaking about in 1 Peter 5:10?

Applying the historical-grammatical method in our exegesis, looking at the Greek text as well, how can I understand what Peter is saying in 1 Peter 5:8-11, specifically verse 10? I have a few ...
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2 votes
1 answer
83 views

What does it mean that the Lord stirs someone up? 1 Chronicles 5:26

We read: So the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, that is, Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria. He carried the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh into ...
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1 vote
3 answers
79 views

Romans 1:21 “nor were thankful/or give thanks” how do we interpret this?

I’ve studied Romans 1:18-32 for some time, so I understand the context. God’s wrath being revealed from Heaven against godless humanity who rejects God & His revelation. Yet, there is a ...
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4 votes
3 answers
678 views

Why did Jesus use the words “sons of the kingdom” in Matthew 8:12?

We read: “I tell you, many will come from the east and west to share the banquet with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven, but the sons of the kingdom will be thrown out into the outer ...
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2 votes
1 answer
64 views

Do we have any modern medical knowledge of the type of Disease God struck Jehoram with? (2 Chronicals 21:15,18,19)

We read: 12 And a letter came to him from Elijah the prophet, saying, Thus says the Lord God of your father David: Because you have not walked in the ways of Jehoshaphat your father, or in the ways ...
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4 votes
4 answers
255 views

4 different ways to interpret 2 Peter 2:20-22?

Given the surrounding context of 2 Peter 2:20-22 we might come to 4 different conclusions on the interpretation of this verse. Given the rule of rational deduction, can we interpret 2 Peter 2:20-22 ...
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0 votes
1 answer
139 views

John 3:36 & Continual Wrath

Q: What does the analysis of the Greek text indicate for “continuous wrath” against the “object”(person who disbelieves) in Christ? Put it another way: Does the Greek text show from John 3:36 that the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
144 views

Job 32:8 & the nature of “spirit”

I’ve always quoted this verse when evangelizing to people (in the past), with reference to man having a spirit. I assumed this scripture was a direct reference to the biblical implications of an ...
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7 votes
3 answers
582 views

John 6:39 and Jesus' Confidence

I've done a decent amount of study from theologians and teachers of the Word regarding John 6:37-40, I've even studied it apart from the teachers. It seems most apparent and obvious that Jesus will ...
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2 votes
1 answer
117 views

Hebrews 6:2 and the Greek understanding of "Eternal Judgement"

"Therefore, leaving the discussion of the elementary principles of Christ, let us go on to perfection, not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God, of ...
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1 vote
1 answer
80 views

Psalm 149:5-9's indication that "godly ones" will execute "vengeance" in light of Romans 12:19 & Leviticus 19:18 prohibiting vengeance?

How do we reason the use of Psalm 149:5-9's indication that "godly ones" will execute "vengeance" in light of Romans 12:19 & Leviticus 19:18 emphasizing prohibiting vengeance? ...
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2 votes
4 answers
3k views

Why is Revelation 19:11-16 interpreted by some to refer to Jesus Christ?

I observe that a lot of people interpret that the rider on the white horse is Jesus Christ. I used to hold to this view, but when I study the rider in more detail, I am not convinced that the rider is ...
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