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Questions tagged [history]

Events in the Bible, the wider cultural background of those events, and the biblical text itself, all have a historical dimension.

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Did the event spoken of in Jude 9 literally happen?

Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee. — Jude 9 This event ...
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In the First Jewish-Roman War (The Great Revolt of 66-73AD, aka “the Great Tribulation”) what percentage of Jews died?

According to Josephus, 1.1 million non-combatants died in Jerusalem and 100,000 in Galilee. He also tells us that 97,000 were enslaved. Matthew White estimates the combined death toll[...
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In 2 Samuel 21:8-10 was Rizpah’s use of the sackcloth a sign that the land had repented of its sin?

[KJV]2 Samuel 21: 8 But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she ...
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Why are there 12 tribes of Israel and not 13?

Why are we are told that there are 12 tribes of Israel when there are, in fact, 13 tribes! Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Ephraim, Benjamin, and Manasseh? ...
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Job 9:13 and the word “Rahab?”

I’ve seen plenty of dispute over the meaning of the word “Rahab” in Job 9:13. (not Rahab the prostitute) It can mean “haughty,” but it also can mean “sea monster” (like the word “Leviathan” in Job 3:...
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Why did Belshazzar, King of Babylon name Daniel as the third ruler of his kingdom?

In Daniel 5:7, Belshazzar promised that whosoever read and interpreted the handwriting on the wall would be made the third ruler of his kingdom. This promise was fulfilled in verse 29 when Daniel was ...
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In Luke 5:33-35 does Jesus imply that the Twelve are not part of the bride of the Lamb?

Update I have been researching this and it appears that the whole matter hangs on the definition of "the sons of the bridechamber" which is not obvious to me: KJV Luke 5:34 And he said unto them, ...
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In Exodus 32:6, what was the nature of the pagan revelry of the Israelites?

What sort of "revelry" did they indulge in while Moses was up on the mountain getting the 10 Commandments? (Exodus 32:6) And they rose up early the next day and offered burnt offerings and brought ...
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The Mark of the Beast [closed]

I have been wondering if the Mark of the Beast has already happened. From Revelation: “He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or ...
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In Isaiah 59:21 are the descendants of the apostles (even today) likewise infallible?

KJV Isaiah 59:21 As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the ...
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What did Jesus mean when he said, “…go with him twain” (IE: “go the second mile”) in Matthew 5:41?

From Wikipedia: Matthew 5:41 is the forty-first verse of the fifth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament and is part of the Sermon on the Mount. This is the third verse of the ...
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In Jeremiah 9:26 why are the Judaeans among the nations who cut the corners of their beards?

For some reason the LORD held great contempt for those who cut off their sideburns and plans them harm. In the list of the nations with whom he is angry about this is Judah: NET Bible Jeremiah 9: ...
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In Judges 8:18 what suggested royalty to Zebah and Zalmunna?

KJV Judges 8:18 Then said he unto Zebah and Zalmunna, What manner of men were they whom ye slew at Tabor? And they answered, As thou art, so were they; each one resembled the children of a king. ...
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Should we do away with the designations Old Testament and New Testament? [closed]

Should we do away with calling the Bible books from Genesis to Malachi the "Old Testament" and the Books from Matthew to Revelation the "New Testament" and just call it God’s Testament to man? Paul ...
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Is there a list of books where Jesus was witnessed not reflected in The Bible? [closed]

What other religious books or writings contain Jesus not found in the Bible? I understand there maybe many answers so maybe there is a list somewhere of writing documenting Jesus activities? ...
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In 2 Thessalonians 1:8 what does Paul mean by “obey the gospel”? [closed]

Does Anyone Know How to "Obey the Gospel?" Paul and Peter use a phrase, "obey the gospel". I'm looking for "how to obey the gospel or good-news" because I believe the gospel or good news is the ...
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Acts 1 & 2 were more than the Apostles baptized in the Holy Spirit?

All the personal pronouns appear to refer to the apostles, so were they the only ones baptized in the Holy Spirit? Note Acts 1:26 and Acts 2:1. https://docs.google.com/document/d/...
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Does the Didache dictate that the “Lord's Supper” was to involve a real meal?

A commentary I came across said that the Didache indicated that its audience would have a meal in conjunction with the "Eucharist" but when I looked for the reference it seems it is ambiguous (of ...
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43 views

Did God take the Samaritans out of Egypt (2 Kings 17:36)?

The origin of the Samaritans, as described in the book of Kings, is a group of people brought from Mesopotamia to Samaria by the Assyrians: The king of Assyria brought people from Babylon, Cuthah, ...
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In Ephesians 2:2 is Paul speaking of “the course” of the world or “Aeon of the world”?

NIV Eph 2:2 in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient. MGNT 2:2 ἐν ...
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In Mark 14:3 would breaking the box be normal?

Before pouring the expensive oil out onto Jesus' head she broke the box/flask: BLB Mark 14:3 And of Him being in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, of Him having reclined, a woman came having ...
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Is Proverbs 25:20 about singing songs to an “evil” heart or to a “sad” one?

Proverbs 25: 20 (NASB, literal translation in bold) "Like one who takes off a garment on a cold day, or like vinegar on natron, Is he who sings songs to an evil heart." I didn't understand this when ...
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In 1 Samuel 28:15 did the witch at Endor actually bring up the spirit of Samuel from the land of the dead?

When the witch at Endor conjured up a spirit through her sorcery to speak with King Saul, the Holy Bible actually stated thus: "Then Samuel said to Saul, 'Why have you disturbed me by bringing me ...
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In 1 Corinthians 10:16 does Paul's mention of the “cup of blessing” suggest that the meal was a seder?

1 Corinthians 10:16: KJV The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? MGNT ...
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In Acts 4:7 what is the personal or family name of the captain of the temple guard?

What personal/family name or designation (i.e. from Galilee or son of so-and-so) did the CAPTAIN of the TEMPLE GUARD use at the time of Jesus' trial? A historical fiction book written by David K. ...
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In Matthew 26:7 is the costly oil with which Jesus was anointed by the woman the oil prepared by Moses?

According to Jewish tradition the oil Moses prepared in the wilderness was supposed to reappear in the days of the messiah (which means "the one smeared with oil"): ...The oil of holy ointment ...
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Is the Book of Job a parable or an actual account?

It seems there are so many instances in the Book of Job that could force interpreters to classify it as a parable/allegory. Let me point out one of them here. There seems to be a sharp literary ...
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Can Luke's use of κράτιστε be taken as his way of acknowledging someone who held the office of High Priest?

1 Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile an account of the things accomplished among us, 2 just as they were handed down to us by those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and servants of ...
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In Mark 12:36 is being seated at God's right hand a position of equality or dependence?

ESV Mark 12:36 David himself, in the Holy Spirit, declared, “‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet.”’
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What does wool signify in Ezekiel 44:17?

Priests are forbidden to wear any woollen clothing during ministering in the temple & the reason given here is perspiration. Ezekiel 44:17 KJV .17 And it shall come to pass, that when they ...
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Who is the King Darius in Haggai 1:1?

"In the second year of King Darius, on the first day of the sixth month, the word of the Lord came through the prophet Haggai to Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua son of ...
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In Daniel 12 to what do the 1290 and 1335 days refer?

Daniel 12:11-12: From the time that the daily sacrifice is abolished and the abomination that causes desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days. Blessed is the one who waits for and reaches the ...
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How should Luke 2:2 be translated?

Luke 2:2 in the King James Version says, (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.) However, the original Greek text says, αὕτη ἡ ἀπογραφὴ πρώτη ἐγένετο ἡγεμονεύοντος ...
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A nose ring, earring, or other in Genesis 24:22?

Abraham's servant is on a mission to find Isaac a wife, and he is blessed in that work. Upon Rebekah's fulfilling of the sign conditions of the servant's prayer to YHWH (Gen 24:12-20), the servant ...
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In Genesis 26:18, historical reasons why Philistines might have filled Abraham's wells of water?

In Genesis chapter 26, there are a number of points noted about wells of water. Using the NKJV, particular points paint an odd picture. First, Genesis 26:15, 17-18 (NKJV, bold added): 15 Now the ...
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To the fall of which towers does Isaiah 30:25 refer?

To what does "the towers fall" refer in this passage? KJV Isa 30:25 And there shall be upon every high mountain, and upon every high hill, rivers and streams of waters in the day of the great ...
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Galatians 2:9: What is the Christian meaning behind the expression “the right hand of fellowship”?

“James, Cephas and John, those esteemed as pillars, gave me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship when they recognized the grace given to me. They agreed that we should go to the Gentiles, and ...
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“I will diminish them” Ezekiel 29:15. How was Egypt diminished by God after the Chaldean period?

Genesis 10:13-14 NKJV Mizraim begot Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim, and Casluhim (from whom came the Philistines and Caphtorim) According to this passage, the ancient Egyptians ...
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247 views

In Numbers 33:34-39 what is the correct route taken by the Israelites to the promised land?

Numbers 33:34-39 (KJV) 34 And they removed from Jotbathah, and encamped at Ebronah. 35 And they departed from Ebronah, and encamped at Eziongaber. 36 And they removed from Eziongaber, and ...
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In John 4:18 is Jesus accusing the woman at the well of fornication or of adultery?

John 4:18 reports Jesus saying οὐκ ἔστιν σου ἀνήρ. Does the οὐκ govern σου or ἀνήρ? If the former, does it mean he’s a man but he’s not yours; and if the latter, does it imply he’s not a man, since ...
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In Titus 3:13 was Zenas the lawyer a Christian?

Bring Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their journey diligently, that nothing be wanting unto them. - Titus 3:13 Based on the passage above, is it evident whether Zenas the lawyer was a part of the ...
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To whom was the letter 1 John written?

I understand that 1 John was directed to Christians who were hit by the rise of Gnosticism. I also understand that the letter was believed to have been written in Ephesus. Is there any research to ...
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Has the lengthened day of Joshua 10 been modeled in a simulation to show how this could have occurred?

My question is, has anyone done or knows of anyone who have done an astronomical simulation of how this could have happen? Alternatively does anyone knows or have access to any simulation facilities ...
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In Jeremiah 49:39 has Elam been merged into Iran?

Elam was destroyed and its people scattered. Are they now regathered in Iran? Jer 49:34  The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against Elam in the beginning of the reign of ...
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Did Jesus recover the lost tribes of Israel?

According to Encylopaedia Brittanica all of the tribes of Israel except Benjamin, Judah and Levi have been "lost to history", assimilated into other peoples and no longer have a Jewish identity: ......
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Amos 4:11 description of some natural disaster?

In Amos 4:11 I overthrew some of you as I overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah. You were like a burning stick snatched from the fire, yet you have not returned to me," declares the LORD. It seems ...
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How can we trust the Gospels if nobody was there to witness? [closed]

I am reading the Gospels and sometimes I wonder how can some stories have been recorded and then written down. The case is when Jesus is basically by himself and nobody there to witness or when he is ...
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234 views

What is the purpose of a Nazarite vow described in Numbers 6?

A special vow called the vow of a Nazarite is mentioned in Numbers 6:2 and the conditions of the vow are spelled out as the chapter follows. Verse 8 says, "Throughout the period of their dedication, ...
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What does “polluted” (ἀλισγημάτων) mean in Acts 15:20?

In Acts 15:19-20, James renders his judgment on the matter of the Gentiles that Peter has brought before the Jerusalem council: It is my judgment, therefore, that we should not make it difficult ...
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In 1 Corinthians 10:11 to the end of what “ages” does Paul refer?

NIV 1 Cor 10:11 These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the culmination of the ages has come. My own thought is that he is referring to the ...