Questions tagged [history]

Events in the Bible, the wider cultural background of those events, and the biblical text itself, all have a historical dimension.

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Was the Jewish month of Tammuz named after the pagan god Tammuz of the Babylonian? [migrated]

According to Wikipedia: "The name of the month was adopted from the Assyrian and Babylonian month Araḫ Dumuzu, named in honour of the Mesopotamian deity Dumuzid" If so what's the implication ...
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Why were Pilate and Herod Antipas upset with each other?

In Luke 23 we are told that over the course of Jesus' trial, Pilate sent Jesus to Herod [Antipas], and after questioning & mocking Jesus, Herod sent Jesus back to Pilate. Then we are given this ...
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What is the meaning of “ten thousands” in Daniel 11:12

Daniel 11:12 KJV And when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened by it. Most commentators connect ...
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Who was Pharaoh in Joseph's time?

In Genesis 40:2 Pharaoh was furious with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker. Who was the Pharaoh? Note: similar question was asked about the Pharaoh of Ezekiel's time and an ...
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Wars of the Jews Book 5 1:5-6 and Luke 14:25-33- are the parallels significant

I posted this question before, but as I noticed, the question looked very vague, so I will try to explain it better now. The question is about the parallels between the texts mentioned in the title. ...
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What do we know about tower of Peniel in Judges 8?

The text is: He also pulled down the tower of Peniel and killed the men of the town. - Judges 8:17
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Who is the King of Babylon referenced in Isaiah 14:4 and 14:17?

[Isa 14:4, 17 NLT] (4) you will taunt the king of Babylon. You will say, "The mighty man has been destroyed. Yes, your insolence is ended. ... (17) Is this the one who destroyed the world and ...
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Is Herod in Luke 3:19 the same as Herod in Matthew 2:1? [duplicate]

In Luke 3:19 But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip's wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done And in Matthew 2:1 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem ...
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Did Judah go to Babylon for captivity because of the error of Hezekiah or for the sins of Manasseh?

As I study the various accounts of the captivity of Judah, I have begun to encounter some difficulties over the remote cause of Judah's captivity in Babylon. Quite a number of commentators hold the ...
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How did Elijah know the woman of Zarepthath was a widow?

In 1 Kings 17:9-10 Elijah is commanded by God to go to Zarephath where God had commanded a widow to provide for him. When Elijah got there he saw a woman gathering sticks outside the city gates. How ...
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What evidence is there that boiling a kid in its mother's milk (Exodus 23:19) was a pagan practice?

In Exodus 23:19 (KJV), Jehovah tells the Israelites, "Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk." Searching online for a possible meaning, many suggestions are given, the most ...
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Were male shrine prostitutes homosexuals?

1 Kings 14:24 (NIV) There were even male shrine prostitutes in the land; the people engaged in all the detestable practices of the nations the LORD had driven out before the Israelites. Did these ...
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Who is Jesus in Matthew 11:29?

In Matthew 11:29, Jesus says Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. (ESV) One interpretation I've heard is that Jesus is ...
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Are the Sea peoples referenced anywhere in the bible?

To better understand this question. And why i feel this is a good, rational question, i will spend a little time below, copying and pasting everything i can find regarding the Sea peoples. When one ...
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Why did the Elders tell King Ahab not to agree to Ben-Haddad, King of Syria second command?

1 Kings 20:4 And the king of Israel answered and said, “My lord, O king, just as you say, I and all that I have are yours.” 1 Kings 20:7-8 7 So the king of Israel called all the elders of the land, ...
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Jude 1:14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,

People attribute the quote from the Book of Enoch 2:1. My question is how can this book be preserved over the great flood of Noah, span through the period of the Law of Moses, and to the period of the ...
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Was this a common practice for parents to leave their children in the temple as Hannah did when she dedicated Samuel by bringing him to the temple?

I Samuel 1:27,28 27 For this child I prayed; and the Lord hath given me my petition which I asked of him: 28 Therefore also I have lent him to the Lord; as long as he liveth he shall be lent to the ...
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What is the significance that Jacob offered to work for Laban ,seven years for Rachel ?: Genesis 29:18

Genesis 29:18 (NASB) 18 "Now Jacob loved Rachel, so he said, “I will serve you seven years for your younger daughter Rachel.” And why not fewer years?
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Isaiah14:12 truth of translation

Was Isaiah 14:12 not even about the devil, but just a king , when referencing the Torah but that early church council supplemented the devil for the king in the Christian bible based on motives of ...
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Were the “scribes” also clearly partisan as were the Pharisees and Sadducees?

IE: If we knew that someone was a "scribe" would we automatically know their religious bent as we do with Pharisees and Sadducees?: [Act 23:8 NLT] (8) for the Sadducees say there is no resurrection ...
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When did the Levites say to their father and mother “I have not seen him” as mentioned in Deuteronomy 33:9?

When did the Levites say to their father and mother "I have not seen him" as mentioned in Deuteronomy 33:9 ? And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy holy one, whom ...
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Who tore down the walls of Jerusalem in Nehemiah?

This is the verse in question: "And they said to me, “The survivors who are left from the captivity in the province are there in great distress and reproach. The wall of Jerusalem is also broken ...
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In Esther 2:8-18, what would Ahashuerus' “harem” been like during the time of Esther's confinement?

I'm trying to understand the nature of the Harem's during the time period of the Persian and Median empire. I'm Not trying to be uncouth/brash/offensive but was said Harem like some kind of sex ring? ...
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Wise Men from the East…but not Sheba and Tarshish?

So the two main Old Testament prophecies surrounding the wise men seem to be Psalm 72:10-11 and Isaiah 60:6: Both of these passages state the kings will come from Sheba, and Psalms mentions Tarshish ...
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Were the trumpets in the NT actually shofars?

This is from the Jewish Encyclopedia article on "trumpets": In Shab. 36a (comp. Suk. 34a) it is noted that since the destruction of the Temple the names for the shofar and the trumpet had been ...
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Does Exodus 34:12-17 suggest that erecting sacred structures to idols and eating their meals created a kind of political alliance?

[Exo 34:11-17 NLT] (11) But listen carefully to everything I command you today. Then I will go ahead of you and drive out the Amorites, Canaanites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites. (12) "...
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What was Jesus asking and answering the teachers at the temple?

I have often thought about the exchange that passed between Jesus and the doctors at the temple in Jerusalem. It looks like Jesus was asking questions that were so perspicacious as to astonish the ...
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Are Jesus' words in Matthew 23:37 regarding Jerusalem killing prophets historic or predictive?

Are Jesus' words in Matthew 23:37 regarding Jerusalem killing prophets about past murders (which are not documented in history prior to the first century) or to the persecution that he and his ...
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Why was Goliath's sword kept in the tabernacle at Nob?

Then David asked Ahimelech, “Is there not a spear or sword on hand here? For I have brought neither my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king’s business was urgent.” 9The priest ...
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In the culture of Corinth in Paul's time, what does being “engaged” mean?

1 Corinthians 7:36-38, NIV: "36 If anyone is worried that he might not be acting honorably toward the virgin he is engaged to, and if his passions are too strong and he feels he ought to marry, ...
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Which king of Tyre is mentioned in Ezekiel 28?

This is the chapter in question. The word of the Lord came to me: 2 “Son of man, say to the ruler of Tyre, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: “‘In the pride of your heart you say, “...
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In Galatians 2:11 what is meant by “I opposed him to his face”?

[Gal 2:11 NASB] (11) But when Cephas came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he stood condemned. [Gal 2:11 MGNT] (11) ὅτε δὲ ἦλθεν Κηφᾶς εἰς Ἀντιόχειαν κατὰ πρόσωπον αὐτῷ ἀντέστην ὅτι ...
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Is what Laban said in Genesis 29:26 true?

In Genesis 29:26, after Jacob asks why Laban deceived him, Laban responds: "And Laban said, 'It must not be done so in our country, to give the younger before the firstborn.'" I've tried ...
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What was the time gap between the event Abraham justified by Faith in James 2:23 a and later Abraham justified by works in James 2:21?

What was the time gap between the event Abraham justified by Faith in James 2:23 Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness Genesis 15:6 And he believed in the ...
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In Matthew 3:6 was Jesus' interview with John the baptizer modeled after rabbinic protocols for proselyte baptism?

I notice that 2nd temple period Jewish water ablution/baptism for proselytes involved certain protocols, such as: ..Our Rabbis taught: If at the present time a man desires42 to become a proselyte, he ...
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What's the basis for the Book of Job being history and not a parable?

And in addition, what is the basis behind the popular notion that it was set in the 2000s BC, also the same time period that Abraham allegedly lived in according to a conservative model of the Bible's ...
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Was it the fathers or sons of the rebels who were being addressed by Moses in Deuteronomy 11:1-7?

When they came into the wilderness of Arabah Moses addresses the descendants of the rebels.Most of the things he makes reference to were actually seen and experienced by the rebels rather than their ...
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Looks or keeps looking at a woman: Matthew 5:28

ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΤΘΑΙΟΝ 5:27-28 1881 (WHNU) 28 εγω δε λεγω υμιν οτι πας ο βλεπων γυναικα προς το επιθυμησαι [αυτην] ηδη εμοιχευσεν αυτην εν τη καρδια αυτου English translations usually render the verse as ...
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How were scrolls sealed in the time of Revelation?

In Revelation 5:1, John introduces a scroll with seven seals: Then I saw in the right hand of him who sat on the throne a scroll with writing on both sides and sealed with seven seals. The Lamb is ...
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In Hebrews 12:23, what does it mean that the firstborn (plural) are “enrolled”?

[Heb 12:23 ESV] (23) and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect, [Heb 12:23 MGNT] (23) καὶ ἐκκλησίᾳ ...
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In ancient Rome who were the many “lords” (KURIOI)?

Some think that calling Jesus "one KURIOS" in verse 6 that he is referring to the Tetragrammaton (IE: "YHVH"). However, he seems to be saying that the Romans considered many to be KURIOI, so it seems ...
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History: Might Herod Agrippa have prosecuted Christians as being an illegal religion?

From what I understand Roman law had two very significant statutes regarding religion: a law requiring that the Roman deities be acknowledged by a periodic sacrifice a law permitting Judaism to ...
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History: Per Leviticus 19:27 would the apostles have had side locks? [closed]

[Lev 19:27 ESV] (27) You shall not round off the hair on your temples or mar the edges of your beard. Note: Related article from Jewish Encylopedia.
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Where does the second part of the proverb 2 Peter 2:22 come from?

"But it happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog is turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire." 2 Peter 2:22 (KJV) The part about the ...
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What are God's voice, charge, commandments, statutes & laws that Abraham kept?

What are God's voice, charge, commandments, statutes & laws that Abraham obeyed & kept Genesis 26:4-6 and I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy ...
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Why did the Israelites lose the battles to the Benjamites after receiving the green light from God?

In Judges 20:18,23. The men of Israel enquired and sought counsel from the Lord to fight with the Benjamites because of their wickedness towards the concubine of the Levite(Judges 19:25-26,20:4). The ...
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Verse Division in 1 Peter 3:15-16 / μετά πραΰτητος καί φόβου in

In 1 Peter 3, the Greek phrase μετά πραΰτητος καί φόβου appears in verse 15 in the Textus Receptus (https://www.blueletterbible.org/nasb/1pe/3/15/t_conc_1154015), but in verse 16 in the GNT (https://...
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In 1 Kings 11:43 and 1 Kings 12:1 why was Rehoboam the only one listed as a son of Solomon?

What happened to all of king Solomon’s sons? Solomon had many wives and concubines: [1Ki 11:3 ESV] (3) He had 700 wives, who were princesses, and 300 concubines. And his wives turned away his heart. ...
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How ought we to understand Zeresh's response in Esther 5:14?

Esther 5 describes how Haman was incensed by Mordechai’s arrogance and couldn’t tolerate his existence anymore. V. 10 describes how Haman convened with his cronies to plot and devise a plan how to ...
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John the Baptist compared with Samson, Samuel via Nazirite vow

The Bible mentions about three people who were dedicated by their parents to be Nazirites already from birth. These people were Samson, Samuel, and John the Baptist. Jesus said: Mat 11:11 (NIV) "...

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