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Questions tagged [authorial-intent]

Questions investigating a text's meaning by discerning what its author intended it to mean.

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Why are "ha-adam" and "adam" often translated inconsistently in Genesis?

The word, adam, means “man” (SH 120) and it’s also a name, Adam (SH 121), and it can mean “red” (SH 119 with the same vowel points). Ha means “the” in Hebrew, so ha-adam means “the man.” I’m not ...
Dieter's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
168 views

Does God have a spirit separate from the Holy Spirit?

In 1 Corinthians 12:3 Paul uses two different expressions of spirit; “Spirit of God” and the” Holy Spirit”. Are these (2) different spirits, or the same spirit? Now, this question may be answered by ...
matt's user avatar
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0 answers
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Does Lamentations reference Hosea as source material?

Reading through Hosea after being deep in Lamentations, it seems that Lamentations (approximately exilic) references several motifs or tropes from Hosea (earlier, pre-exilic). Does anyone know of any ...
David Lee's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
95 views

Exodus 12:36 Did the Egyptians obey because they favored the Israelites, or because God favored the Israelites?

Exodus 12:36 Comparing some different translations of this passage, half them read like "God made all the Egyptians like/be magically charmed by/look favorably upon the Israelites so much, that ...
Dewi Morgan's user avatar
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4 answers
178 views

Are Husbands commanded to submit to their wives?

18 And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit,... 21 submitting to one another out of reverence for Christ. -Ephesians 5:18,21 Submitting to one another is ...
Austin's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
82 views

(Isaiah 41:2 & 25)“conjoining" literary technique of “north” & “east” to deduce that God “inspired” Cyrus of Media & Persia to conquer nations

Isaiah 41:2 and 25 New American Standard Bible 1995 ………. ……………………………… 2 “Who has aroused one from the east Whom He calls in righteousness to His [a]feet? He delivers up nations before him And subdues ...
user1338998's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
355 views

Jesus' command to give something to eat to Jairus' daughter

Does Jesus' command to the father and mother of the damsel - after He had raised her, that something should be given her to eat - indicate that they had been starving her to death? (Mark 5:40-43) ...
Joanne's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
66 views

Deeper Understanding of some of the professions that God wanted to end in (Isaiah 3:1-3)

Isaiah 3:1-3 New American Standard Bible 1995 For behold, the Lord [a]God of hosts is going to remove from Jerusalem and Judah Both [b]supply and support, the whole [c]supply of bread And the whole [d]...
user1338998's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
2k views

In Jesus' parables, how does the value of Talents differ from Minas, and what does the change signify?

The Parable of the Talents (Matthew 25:14-30) is nearly identical to the Parable of the Ten Minas (Luke 19:11-27). One major change is that the values and quantities of the money is very different in ...
Steve can help's user avatar
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Genesis 1:26 and 28 tells mankind to "subdue" the earth and "rule over" various animals. Exactly what is meant by this in relation to large animals?

In Genesis 1, up until this command, the conflict in the narrative has been very muted. Sure the chaos waters were there, but God is portrayed as being unthreatened by it, and it soon becomes a mere ...
Steven's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why does 2 Peter 2:5 refer to Noah as "the eighth"?

2 Peter 2:5 (Mounce Reverse Interlinear New Testament) : and if he did not spare the ancient world (but preserved Noah, the eighth, a herald of righteousness) when he brought the deluge on an ungodly ...
jKevinBarr's user avatar
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1 answer
120 views

Is the Greek word "pragmaton" as used in Hebrews 11:1 referring to a thing done, an action, deed?

Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. [Hebrews 11:1 KJV] Is the Greek word "pragmaton" as used in Hebrews 11:1 referring to a thing done, an ...
Cisumino Cisumino's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Who are the intended recipients of the fourth Gospel?

Who are the intended recipients of the fourth gospel (John)? For example, is it for: The Jewish community who had questions about the identity of Jesus? The Gentiles who need to know the relationship ...
Joy John's user avatar
5 votes
5 answers
2k views

Can the elect in view in Matthew 24:24 be deceived or not?

For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: ...
Mike Borden's user avatar
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2 answers
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Is a completely generic 'speaking of oppression' a viable reading of Ps. 73:8

Psalm 73 is my favourite Psalm. Verse 8 seems to be a little obscure. In the NASB, one clause is rendered, "they mock wickedly and speak of oppression". Other formal equivalence translations ...
AncientGiantPottedPlant's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
74 views

Did Ancient authors in general retain a copy for themselves? [closed]

From 2 Corinthians 2: 3 And I wrote this same unto you, lest, when I came, I should have sorrow from them of whom I ought to rejoice; having confidence in you all, that my joy is the joy of you all. ...
Roland Seuhs's user avatar
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2 answers
1k views

Judges 7:5-7 Is lapping like dogs meant to test for vigilance?

In Judges 7, God is reducing the number of men Gideon will use to fight the Midianites. God does this twice in this chapter. First, in v3 God tells Gideon to whosoever is fearful and afraid should ...
Greg's user avatar
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3 answers
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(Proverbs 23:1-3) what does Not desiring deceptive food have anything to do with behaving while dining with important leaders?

(Proverbs 23:1-3) New American Standard Bible 1995 1 When you sit down to dine with a ruler, Consider carefully [a]what is before you, 2 And put a knife to your throat If you are a man of great ...
user1338998's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
817 views

What are "the things of the Spirit of God"? 1 Corinthians 2:14

1 Corinthians 2:14 YLT and the natural man doth not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for to him they are foolishness, and he is not able to know [them], because spiritually they are discerned;...
user avatar
5 votes
6 answers
248 views

Is the speaker in Psalm 22:1 forsaken literally or poetically?

The well-known Psalm 22 begins with the following as the first verse (KJV): My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring? It is ...
The Editor's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
342 views

Is Paul making the "watchmaker argument" in Romans 1:18-25?

Romans 1:18-25 (ESV) 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. 19 For what can be known ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
363 views

What is the relationship between prophecy and faith according to Romans 12:6?

6 Having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, in proportion to our faith; 7 if service, in our serving; the one who teaches, in his teaching; 8 the one ...
user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

What does “put at the apostles’ feet” mean in Acts 4:32-5:2?

32 All the believers were one in heart and mind. No one claimed that any of their possessions was their own, but they shared everything they had. 33 With great power the apostles continued to testify ...
adieue's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
493 views

Is Revelation 3:16 a warning about the possibility of losing one's salvation?

Revelation 3:14-22 (ESV): 14 “And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: ‘The words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of God's creation. 15 “‘I know your works: you are ...
user avatar
5 votes
7 answers
11k views

What does Jesus mean by "hot", "cold" and "lukewarm" in Revelation 3:16?

Revelation 3:14-22 (ESV) 14 “And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: ‘The words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of God's creation. 15 “‘I know your works: you are ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
489 views

What kind of knowledge will pass away according to 1 Corinthians 13?

1 Corinthians 13 (ESV) If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. 2 And if I have prophetic powers, and understand all mysteries and ...
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3 votes
5 answers
463 views

Is Jesus using multiple definitions of "life" in Matthew 10:39?

Matthew 10:39 (ESV) Whoever finds his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake will find it. How can someone find their life and then lose it, or lose their life and then find it? ...
user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
682 views

Why does Job say 'shall I return there' in Job 1:21?

In Job 1:21 we read: And said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: the Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away; blessed be the name of the Lord. (KJV) What I want ...
user avatar
10 votes
6 answers
682 views

According to Romans 1:3-4, did the resurrection "make" the Son of God or "declare" the Son of God?

concerning His Son, (who is come of the seed of David according to the flesh, who is marked out Son of God in power, according to the Spirit of sanctification, by the rising again from the dead,) ...
Mike Borden's user avatar
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4 votes
6 answers
4k views

What does Paul mean by "denying its power" in 2 Timothy 3:5?

2 Timothy 3:1-9 (ESV) But understand this, that in the last days there will come times of difficulty. 2 For people will be lovers of self, lovers of money, proud, arrogant, abusive, disobedient to ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
138 views

Hebrews 7:8; who is meant by the phrase "witnessed that he liveth", Melchizedek or Jesus Christ?

Hebrews 7:8 (ASV): 8 And here men that die receive tithes; but there one, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth. About whom is this phrase "of whom it is witnessed that he liveth" ...
salah's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
81 views

Are the shepherds being curt in Genesis 29?

Genesis 29:4-8 (NIV) 4 Jacob asked the shepherds, “My brothers, where are you from?” “We’re from Harran,” they replied. 5 He said to them, “Do you know Laban, Nahor’s grandson?” “Yes, we know him,” ...
Kyle Johansen's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
118 views

Are there different types of perfection according to Paul? 1 Corinthians 13:10, Philippians 3:12, 2 Timothy 3:17 & Ephesians 4:13

1 Corinthians 13:8-12 (ESV): 8 Love never ends. As for prophecies, they will pass away; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will pass away. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in ...
user avatar
8 votes
6 answers
2k views

Greek question Philippians 3:9 is it "faith in Christ" or "faith of Christ"

I'm looking at Philippians 3:9 and be found in Him, not having my own righteousness, which is from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God by faith; (...
Todd's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
457 views

Can Matthew 21:21-22 be understood by itself or is its meaning only perceptible in context?

Would it be correct to say that the Bible reader would be mistakenly taking Matthew 21:21-22 out of context if she/he read and understood Matthew 21:21-22 by and in itself? In other words, the bible ...
user1338998's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
148 views

Is peace guaranteed only in the holy mountain?

The first part of Isaiah 11 is usually understood as a guarantee that, in the days to come, there will be global peace, and even the wild beasts will not harm each other: the wolf shall dwell with ...
Erel Segal-Halevi's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

What relationship is there between lack of faith ("unbelief") and miracles ("mighty works") according to Matthew 13:58?

Matthew 13:58 and he did not there many mighty works, because of their unbelief. (YLT) And he did not many mighty works there because of their unbelief. (KJV) And he did not do many mighty works ...
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6 votes
4 answers
867 views

What does it mean to "walk by faith and not by sight"? 2 Corinthians 5:7

2 Corinthians 5:6-7 (ESV) 6 So we are always of good courage. We know that while we are at home in the body we are away from the Lord, 7 for we walk by faith, not by sight. What does it mean to &...
user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
3k views

Does "they neither marry nor are given in marriage" refer to the act of getting married, or the state of being married?

All 3 Synoptic Gospels record similar a teaching from Jesus given in response to a question asked by the Sadducees (what happens to the woman who marries 7 brothers in this life). Matthew 22:30 For ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
64 views

Does 'of us' relate to both 'word' and 'epistle' (2 Thess 2:15)?

αρα ουν αδελφοι στηκετε και κρατειτε τας παραδοσεις ας εδιδαχθητε ειτε δια λογου ειτε δι επιστολης ημων [Stephanus TR 1550] Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold the traditions which ye have been ...
Nigel J's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
34 views

Are Psalm 41:1-2 & Psalm 51:11-12 referring to the same spiritual experience?

Psalm 42:1-2 (ESV): As a deer pants for flowing streams, so pants my soul for you, O God. 2 My soul thirsts for God, for the living God. When shall I come and appear before God? Psalm 51:11-12 (ESV):...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
308 views

Why did Jesus say the last will be first in the Gospel of Mark...three times?

In Mark 9, Jesus teaches his disciples about leadership: Sitting down, Jesus called the Twelve and said, “Anyone who wants to be first must be the very last, and the servant of all.” Mark 9:35 Then, ...
Steve can help's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
277 views

Does Hebrews 10 indicate the temple was still standing when Hebrews was written?

Hebrews chapter 10 makes multiple references to the Levitical sacrifices, and argues that they have been superseded by the sacrifice of Christ. Q1 Does the author intend to refer to Levitical ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
108 views

Why did God ask the Israelites if they would be His people?

"5 `And now, if ye really hearken to My voice, then ye have kept My covenant, and been to Me a peculiar treasure more than all the peoples, for all the earth [is] Mine; 6 and ye -- ye are to Me a ...
Gina's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
1k views

What does Revelation 14:11 mean by "they have no rest, day or night"?

Revelation 14:11 (ESV) And the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever, and they have no rest, day or night, these worshipers of the beast and its image, and whoever receives the mark of its ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
451 views

Does Revelation 20:10,14-15 teach eternal conscious torment (ECT) of the wicked?

Revelation 20:10 (YLT) 10 and the Devil, who is leading them astray, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where [are] the beast and the false prophet, and they shall be tormented day and ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
159 views

Reconciling between Ecclesiastes 11:9 & 11:10?

Ecclesiastes 11:9 seems to be encouraging sin in terms of doing whatever you want, but Ecclesiastes 11:10 seems to make it clear that sin/evil is forbidden. This “seems” like a contradiction in the ...
Cork88's user avatar
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2 votes
5 answers
6k views

Does Ecclesiastes 3:18-21 suggest that the spirits of animals and humans go to different places in the spiritual realm upon death?

Ecclesiastes 3:18-21 (ESV): 18 I said in my heart with regard to the children of man that God is testing them that they may see that they themselves are but beasts. 19 For what happens to the ...
user avatar
11 votes
8 answers
547 views

Is it possible to have saving faith in Jesus Christ if one has misunderstood who the Jesus Christ of scripture really is? Romans 1:1-4

I ask because of noting how chapter 1 of Romans deals with the person of Christ – who he is – while not dealing with what he has done to save sinners until chapter 3. Could this be significant? I read ...
Anne's user avatar
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5 votes
9 answers
5k views

What does Ecclesiastes 12:7 exactly mean by "the spirit returns to God"?

Ecclesiastes 12:7 (ESV): 7 and the dust returns to the earth as it was, and the spirit returns to God who gave it. What does Ecclesiastes 12:7 exactly mean by "the spirit returns to God"? ...
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