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Questions tagged [authorial-intent]

Questions investigating a text's meaning by discerning what its author intended it to mean.

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What is the “hope” talked about in Hebrews 10:23

Hebrews 10:23 Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for he who promised is faithful. What is the hope referred into in the above verse? Is this the same hope talked about ...
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What is the “Sabbath-rest for the people of God” in Hebrews 4:9-11 referring to

Hebrews 4:9-11 New International Version (NIV) 9 There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God; 10 for anyone who enters God’s rest also rests from their works,[a] just as God did from ...
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Distinguishing the differences in meanings when of, by, in, through, with & for are added before the Spirit? [closed]

All taken from KJV for consistencey Romans 15:30 Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the love of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in your prayers ...
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What is the difference between “the law” in John 1:17 & “the law” in Galatians 4:21

John 1:17 For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. Here the scripture says law was given through Moses. And again from Galatians 4:21-22 Tell me, you who ...
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What do the words “boasts” & "knows mean in Jeremiah 9:24

Jeremiah 9:24 but let him who boasts boast in this, that he understands and knows me, that I am the LORD who practices steadfast love, justice, and righteousness in the earth. For in these things ...
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2answers
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Are Hosea 6:6 and Matthew 9:13 connected?

In some bibles, Matthew 9:13 Go and learn what the Scriptures mean when they say, 'Instead of offering sacrifices to me, I want you to be merciful to others.' I didn't come to invite good ...
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3answers
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What is the meaning of “fan” and “purge his floor” in Matthew 3:12?

What is meant by fan & his floor in in Mathew 3:12? Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with ...
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4answers
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To whom does “I” refer in Matthew 24:5?

For many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and they will lead many astray Matthew 24:5 Who is the I referring to in I am? Is it referring to Jesus of Nazereth? Or is it refrring to ...
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1answer
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What is the “sin” referred to in Hebrews 11:25?

Hebrews 11:25 choosing rather to be mistreated with the people of God than to enjoy the fleeting pleasures of sin. What is the sin referred to here?
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1answer
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What does “such things” refer to in Hebrews 11:14

For they that say such things declare plainly that they seek a country. Hebrews 11:14 What does such things refer to? How and where did they say such things?
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What does “fear of the Lord” in 2 Chronicles 14:13-15 mean?

2 Chronicles 14:13-15 13 Asa and the people who were with him pursued them as far as Gerar, and the Ethiopians fell until none remained alive, for they were broken before the Lord and his army. ...
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What does “as Jesus did” mean in 1 John 2:6?

In 1 John 2:6 NIV, it says that 6 Whoever claims to live in him must live as Jesus did. What is the meaning of this verse in general, but more specifically the part of living "as Jesus did"? Jesus ...
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1answer
58 views

What is the nature of the “strong delusion” being sent by God according to 2 Thessalonians 2:11? [duplicate]

10 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. 11 And for this cause God shall send them strong ...
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3answers
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In Genesis 1:29 are there exceptions or limitations regarding “every herb bearing seed” that God gave man to eat? [closed]

Genesis 1:29 says: And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you ...
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2answers
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What's the connection between Sinai and Seir?

The blessing of Moses in Deut. 33:2 The Lord came from Sinai and dawned over them from Seir; he shone forth from Mount Paran. This verse is almost unanimously understood to describe ...
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Was there some other secret ingredient added to the testing formula in Numbers 5:11-31?

Num. 5 goes into great length to preserve an ancient Israelite test for the unfaithful wife. The test was in the form of a drinking formula. The formula basically consisted of water, soil and the ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between weaknesses and the flesh in 2 Corinthians 12?

We know the works of the flesh in Galatians 5. Those we can overcome and not practice them anymore. But what about the weaknesses in 2 Corinthians 5? https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=2+Cor+...
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In Exodus 14:22 and 15:8 how should we understand “the walls of water” described in the parting of the Red sea?

In Exodus 15:8 this is how the parting of the Reed sea waters are described וּבְרוּחַ אַפֶּיךָ נֶעֶרְמוּ מַיִם נִצְּבוּ כְמוֹ נֵד נֹזְלִים קָפְאוּ תְהֹמֹת בְּלֶב יָם By the blast of your ...
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2answers
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Colossians 3:5 - akatharsía means heresy?

http://biblehub.com/greek/167.htm 'Put to death, therefore, whatever belongs to your earthly nature: sexual immorality, impurity, lust, evil desires and greed, which is idolatry. ' Colossians 3:5 ...
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1answer
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Why did Moses use the hebrew word “Miqveh”(meaning hope) to describe the gathering together of the waters in Genesis 1:10

The word Miqveh in Hebrew means hope. H4723 Original: מּקוא מקוה מקוה o Transliteration: miqveh miqvêh miqvê' Phonetic: mik-veh' BDB Definition: hope ground of hope ...
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What does John the Baptist mean by οὗτός ἐστιν ὑπὲρ οὗ in John 1:30

Throughout the first chapter of John’s gospel, John the Baptist says: ”John doth testify concerning him (it?), and hath cried, saying, 'This was he of whom I said, He who after me is coming, hath ...
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Do verbs in present active indicative always imply temporality?

12 And I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man, but to be in silence. NKVJ, 1982 ΙΒʹ γυναικὶ δὲ διδάσκειν οὐκ ἐπιτρέπω οὐδὲ αὐθεντεῖν ἀνδρός ἀλλ᾽ εἶναι ἐν ἡσυχίᾳ TR, 1550 ...
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Is Revelation 19:16 “ A slip of the pen” , or worded this way for another reason?

When I was researching a question with reference to the book of Revelation,i came across a couple of scriptures that intrigue me.The first portion of scripture is taken from Revelation 17:14 ...
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1answer
609 views

Concerning the “breastplate”.what is the authors intent? Book of Revelation

In the book of Revelation at chapter 6 verse 1-8 (NIV), we read about the four horses which are released when the lamb that was slain opens the seals.Read here Again in Revelation 9 verse 17, we read ...
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Sharing of Paul epistles amongst churches

In Colossians 4:16, Paul explicitely instructs the sharing of epistles between the Laodiceans and Colossians: 16 And when this epistle is read among you, cause that it be read also in the church ...
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3answers
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Did Paul intend his instructions concerning the Lord's Supper to apply beyond the church in Corinth?

In 1 Corinthians 11:23-26, Paul talks about communion: 23 For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took bread, 24 and when he ...
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1answer
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In Romans 8:29 is Paul speaking of “predestination” with regard to birth or to judgment?

Predestinate: to determine or set a destiny ahead of an appointed time. I am curious as to why the appointed time in regard to 'predestinate' is so often interpreted to mean "before time began," when ...
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Interpreting “psyche” as “soul”

In the New Testament the Greek term "psyche" often, if not always, gets translated as "soul." Would the original author using that term have meant "psyche" like we mean it today? Or, more precisely, ...
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1answer
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What is the purpose of listing two different birds in the curse of Proverbs 30:17?

Proverbs 30:17 describes the fate of those who disobey their parents, concluding they will have an unnatural death and be eaten by birds of prey: The eye that mocks a father and scorns to obey a ...
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Which idea for εἶδος is intended in 1 Thess 5:22?

Background In 1 Thessalonians 5:22, the Greek reads (no major textual variations): ἀπὸ παντὸς εἴδους πονηροῦ ἀπέχεσθε The word εἶδος (here in the singular genitive neuter εἴδους) is translated ...
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What sort of phrasing is “the many” in Romans 5?

Most English translations have something in Romans that is an interesting turn of phrase—at least to my ears it instinctively makes sense but at the same time it in more at home in a carefully worded ...
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1answer
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Why does Paul use the expression “fear and trembling” instead of simply “fear”?

On several occasions Paul used the words "Fear & Trembling" (Phil 2:12; 2 Corinthians 7:15; 1 Corinthians 2:3). This is often explained as reverence/respect, but why use both word when "fear" can ...
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Does Apostle Paul give a warning against different denominations?

What is the nature of the divisions identified in the original text of this statement by the Apostle Paul? 1 Corinthians 1:12–13 (ASV) Now this I mean, that each one of you saith, I am of Paul; ...
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What textual clues are there that the original readers of Genesis would have understood 11:27–50:26 in a different way than Genesis 2:4–11:26?

One fairly common argument on how to interpret Genesis says that there is a change in theme (or perhaps even genre) near the end of Genesis 11, basically that things shift from the (pre-)history of ...
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Meaning(s) of “ἠγέρθη” in Mark 16:6

In Mark 16:6, the women come to the tomb of Jesus and are told by a young man in a white robe: ἠγέρθη, οὐκ ἔστιν ὧδε· (NA28) He has been raised; he is not here. (ESV) Does “ἠγέρθη" necessarily ...
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Could I Corinthians 2:15 carry a sense of “surprise”?

I was listening to an old sermon by David Jeremiah today in which he suggested that the original Greek of I Corinthians 2:15 would be read with a connotation of "surprise" which would be captured by a ...
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Is 'all-things' literally including any conceivable thing in Rom 8:28?

Paul says: And we know that for those who love God all things work together for good, for those who are called according to his purpose. (ESV, Romans 8:28) Does 'all-things' literally include any ...
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1answer
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Does the New Testament claim to be Scripture?

What evidence do we have that Paul, or other NT writers thought that their own writings were the Word of God on par with the Old Testament? 2 Tim. 3:16 - All scripture is given by inspiration of ...
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2answers
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Is 2 Kings 23:25 intended to be literal, King Josiah even better than King David?

With regards to this statement about Josiah: Before him there was no king alike him who turned to the LORD with all his heart and with all his soul and with all his might, according to all the law ...
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Does the book of Ecclesiastes portray Qohelet as the author?

My understanding is that the ‘traditional’ view holds Solomon to be the author of the book who frames his own monologue by referring to himself in the third person in the prologue (1:1–11) and ...
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To whom does “the righteous” refer to in 1 Timothy 1:9?

1 Timothy 1:9 begins: We also know that the law is made not for the righteous but for lawbreakers and rebels, the ungodly and sinful... Does "the righteous" refer to those perhaps justified/...
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Translation of “change” in Malachi 3:6

In Malachi 3:6, the word שָׁנִ֑יתִי (translated change) is used ("For I, the Lord, do not change; therefore you, O sons of Jacob, are not consumed.") This appears to me to be in the perfect tense ...
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What does Song 1:1 tell us about Solomon's relationship to the book?

Song 1:1: שִׁ֥יר הַשִּׁירִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר לִשְׁלֹמֹֽה׃ (BHS) The Song of Songs, which is Solomon’s.(ESV) I have seen it postulated* that the final word here (a lamed preposition prefixed to the name ...
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2answers
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Did Jeremiah complain about corrupt torah in Jeremiah 8:8?

A website called "Jesus Believes in Evolution" claims that Jeremiah complained about Torah being corrupted, citing Jeremiah 8:8. However, that is not a common interpretation of the verse. What did ...
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Did Matthew intend “evil” or “the evil one” in the Lord’s Prayer?

I previously asked a question about how to understand these words in the language Jesus was originally speaking. However, the text we have is in Greek, and I realized I’m not as familiar with the ...
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3answers
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Moses and the Rock [duplicate]

Was Moses reprimanded in Exodus 17 and Numbers 20:10-13 for not speaking (therefore showing a lack of faith in the Lord’s abilities to turn Moses' weaknesses into strength (which was why the Lord put ...
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2answers
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Did Abraham lose track of a visitor?

In Gen 18:1-2 the Lord appeared to Abraham, who then looked up and saw 3 visitors. When they began to leave, visitors turned and walked toward Sodom while the Lord remained to talk with Abraham. ...
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2answers
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What would Peter “bind” or “loose” on earth?

In Matthew 16 Jesus tells Peter that, as the rock on which his church will be built, he’d bind or loose things on earth. Matthew 16:18-19 (KJV) And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, ...
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5answers
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In Revelation 12:16, what does the phrase “the earth opened its mouth” mean?

In Revelation 12 the serpent opens its mouth to sweep away the woman, but the earth protects her by opening its mouth. Revelation 12:15-17 (NASB) 15 And the serpent poured water like a river out ...
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2answers
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What does it mean in Genesis 2:2,3 when it says God rested?

Gen 2:2,3 (ESV) And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done. So God blessed the seventh day and made it ...