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Questions tagged [pauline-epistles]

The set of letters written by the apostle Paul, as a corpus.

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What changed between 1 Corinthians 15:24ff and Ephesians 1:22?

In 1 Corinthians 15:24ff Paul suggests that Jesus is at the beginning of the process of ruling: [1Co 15:22-28 CSB] 22 For just as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive. 23 But ...
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In what sense is the word ἀνακρίνει used in 1 Corinthians 2:15?

NA 28 1 Corinthians 2:15 15ὁ δὲ πνευματικὸς ἀνακρίνει [τὰ] πάντα, αὐτὸς δὲ ὑπ’ οὐδενὸς ἀνακρίνεται. 1 Corinthians 2:15 KJV 15 But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is ...
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The scriptures say there is no “God but one,” then there are ‘many gods,’ who or what are they?

The scriptures say there is no “God but one,” then there are ‘many gods,’ who or what are they? DNKJB 1 Corinthians 8:4-6 “As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in ...
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What is the relationship between faith and righteousness in Romans 10:10?

Edit Note : I am not attempting to discover the grammatical subject of the text. I do not believe there is one. The passive indicative has no subject. The predicate of the verse is clearly a concept ...
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Does 'Υιοτηεσια (huiothesia) really mean 'adoption' in Galatians 4:5?

In Galatians 4:5 and 6, we read : To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your ...
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Does Romans 13:1-17 teach that it is a sin to disobey any of the laws of the land in which someone is living?

What does the expression “let every one be subject...) from Romans 13:1 mean? Is it used interchangeable with the Law of God?
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In 2 Corinthians 6:16-18 why does Paul omit the references to the promised land?

In 2 Corinthians Paul is "preaching" that the saints should separate themselves from wicked persons ("Beliar"). He seems to perhaps have in mind the Corinthians who seem to be flippant about idols ...
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Are the principalities and powers in Titus 3:1 the same as in Ephesians 6:12?

Why did Paul say we should wrestle against "principalities and powers" in Ephesians 6:12 and obey them in Titus 3:1? ESV Ephesians 6:12 For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against ...
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What was Paul trying to get across through his many “in Christ” and “in Him” passages?

Paul uses "in Christ" and its variations many times in his epistles. What main idea(s) is he trying to convey with this phrase? Here is one example to consider: 2 Co 5:17 (KJV) Therefore if any ...
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In 1 Corinthians 15:24-28 who's who?

Who is doing what in this passage? I'm trying to identify the referents for the various pronouns. I've supplied a couple of the more obvious ones as examples. ESV 1 Corinthians 15: 24Then ...
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How many letters did Paul write to the Corinthians?

This comment is made in the Nelson Chronological Study Bible: Scholars disagree over whether 2 Corinthians is a single letter, or was compiled from several shorter letters. Some think there were four ...
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Who planted the assembly in Rome to whom Paul wrote “Romans”?

It appears evident from the record of Paul's travels in Acts 16ff that when Paul wrote "Romans" he had never visited Rome yet: NIV Romans 1:10 ...in my prayers at all times; and I pray that ...
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In 1 Timothy 3:6 is it a “new convert” or a “new arrival”? [duplicate]

NIV 1 Timothy 3: 1Here is a trustworthy saying: Whoever aspires to be an overseer desires a noble task. 2Now the overseer is to be above reproach, faithful to his wife, temperate, self-...
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Exegesis of Galatians 4:12. Is the presented analysis valid?

Galatians 4:12 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 12 I beg of you, brethren, become as I am, for I also have become as you are. You have done me no wrong; Galatians 4:12 King James Version ...
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Does Genesis 22:17 phrase “greatly multiply your seed” contradict Galatians 3:16 which emphasizes “his seed” as in “one” (Jesus Christ))?

How can Genesis 22:17 says "greatly multiply your seed" relate with Galatians 3:16 states "his seed" as in "one" (Jesus Christ))? It seems to me that Genesis 22:17-18 uses seed to represent the ...
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Is it significant that Paul's Introductory phrases for each of his letters different?

Why are Paul's Introductory phrases for each of his letters different? Is there a significant reason Or am I just making a big issue about nothing? Galatians 1 New American Standard Bible (NASB) ...
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In 1 Timothy 3:9 what is the “mystery of the faith”?

KJV 1 Timothy 3:9  Holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience. By "the mystery of the faith" does Paul mean the gospel itself? Or some particular aspect of the gospel? Why does it refer to ...
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In Romans 1:16 why does Paul say “to the Jew first”?

KJV Rom 1:16  For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. I am looking for a very ...
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Possible Word Inversion in Romans 9:5?

I couldn't help but notice, while pondering on another question, that inverting the current word order of the Greek text of Romans 9:4-5 by replacing the final o on from the middle of verse 5 with on ...
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In 1 Corinthians 6:2-3 why does Paul seem to expect the Corinthians to know that they will judge angels?

I take the questions beginning with "Do ye not know" and "Know ye not" to be rhetorical with the meaning "Of course you know that you shall judge the world and angels": 1Co 6:2  Do ye not know that ...
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In Romans 8:3-4 what is “the righteousness which is of the Law”?

Romans 8:3-4 KJV For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: That the ...
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Ephesians 2:8, why is “πίστις” in the Genitive?

Sorry if this seems like a dumb question but I am not well versed with N.T. Greek Grammar, but I am decently versed with Germanic grammar, which is probably too different in some cases to be ...
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Subjective or objective genitive found in 1 Tim 3:6?

The passage of 1 Tim 3:6 reads as follows (KJV) - Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil. μὴ νεόφυτον, ἵνα μὴ τυφωθεὶς εἰς κρίμα ἐμπέσῃ τοῦ ...
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In Romans 12:1 - What is “Therefore” there for?

Question: In Romans 12:1 - What is "Therefore" there for? Is "therefore" there to indicate that Paul is concluding an argument? If so, what was the justification that Paul gave previously in order ...
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Why the Pauline discrepancy between Ephesians 4:8 (“gave gifts unto men”) as against Psalm 68:18 (“received gifts among men”)? [duplicate]

Psalm:68.18 You have ascended on high, You have led captivity captive; You have received gifts among men... The hebrew laqach is the word used in Psalm 68:18. It means to receive, acquire etc. ...
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Does 1 Corinthians 8:6 teach Unitarianism? [closed]

yet for us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things and for whom we exist, and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we exist. 1 Corinthians 8:6 ESV To me ...
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Is the “right” to become children of God two different ways people become children of God?

He came to his own, and his own people did not receive him. But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of ...
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Why is it possible to “fall from grace” by keeping the law?

According to Paul - what is his reasoning to claim it is possible to "fall from grace" by keeping the law? NASB, Galatians 5:3 - And I testify again to every man who receives circumcision, that he ...
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Kindness and goodness - fruit of Spirit, what is the difference?

I was studying Gl 5.22, and I came across this virtues - kindness and goodness. I am Brazilian, and I looked up in dictionary for these two words in Portuguese (Bondade and Benignidade) and they are ...
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What does Paul mean when he states “that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord?”

Philippians 2:9-11 (KJV) 9 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: 10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and ...
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1 Corinthians 14:26 Use of the word brethren in Paul's writing [duplicate]

When Paul uses the Greek 'adelphoi' in his letters e.g "What then shall we say, brothers and sisters?" (1 Corinthians 14:26) is he meaning brothers and sisters (as the NIV translates) or just men?
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Are Romans 10:14-15, 2 Corinthians 3:1-6 and Philippians 1:14-18 contradictory?

Are Romans 10:14-15, 2 Corinthians 3:1-6 and Philippians 1:14-18 contradictory? In Romans Paul seems to be saying that the only ones who can preach the gospel and stimulate faith in the hearers are ...
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1 Corinthians 13:10 - What Will Cease when “The Perfect” Comes?

1. Question - Greek Grammar and Syntax Setting aside doctrinal arguments - are there any grammatical indications that may clarify what will "will cease", (or be "nullified") - when "the perfect comes"...
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Why Paul does not use the word disciple to describe Christians? [closed]

I am surprised and don't understand why Paul does not use the word disciple but rather saint, brother or believer despite Jesus commanding to make disciples of all nations.
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If it's a mirror, what is being reflected in 1 Cor 13:12?

If we accept that Paul is speaking of a mirror in 1 Cor 13:12, as some think to be the case (1 Corinthians 13:12: "For now we see through a glass, darkly"), then what is being reflected? I ...
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Is there any distinction in the Greek between “Praying in/with the Spirit” from Ephesians 6:18 & the similar words in 1 Corinthians 14:15?

In Paul's first letter to the Corinthians Paul indicates that he prefers to pray both in (or with) the Spirit and in (or with) the mind. τί οὖν ἐστίν; προσεύξομαι τῷ πνεύματι, προσεύξομαι δὲ καὶ τῷ ...
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Meaning of ἐνδημέω and ἐκδημέω in 2 Cor 5?

I was studying 2 Corinthians 5:1-10 when I noticed that two terms that play a major part in its interpretation are very unusual Greek words: ἐνδημέω - endēmeō ἐκδημέω - ekdēmeō They are clearly ...
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In 1 Corinthians 10:10-12 how precarious does Paul want the saints to understand their situation be?

Paul writes: 1Co 10:10 nor grumble, as some of them did and were destroyed by the Destroyer. 1Co 10:11 Now these things happened to them as an example, but they were written down for our ...
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In Romans 8:8-9, how are the saints “not in the flesh”?

Paul contrasts those who are "in the flesh" and those who are "in the spirit/breath": ESV Rom 8:8 Those who are in the flesh cannot please God. Rom 8:9 You, however, are not in the flesh but ...
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In Galatians 2:2, what was Paul afraid of?

After receiving a divine charge and 14 years of faithful labor Paul returns to Jerusalem concerned that it was all for nothing. Why was he concerned about that and what did he fear that the Jerusalem ...
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Romans 2:12-16 Pagan Gentiles or Christian Gentiles

Is the following passage concerning pagan gentiles or Christian gentiles? For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without the law: and as many as have sinned under the law shall ...
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In 1 Corinthians 5:8, who is to observe what feast?

When Paul says "let us therefore celebrate the festival" does he refer to: the feast of unleavened bread? the feast of unleavened bread and the Passover? the Passover? the christian faith but with ...
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In 1 Corinthians 8:6, who does Paul say is the “one God”?

The father? The father and the lord Jesus Christ? The "trinity", but with one "person" left out? (ESV) 1 Cor 8:6 yet for us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things and for whom we ...
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How many scenarios is Paul speaking of in Philippians 1:23?

Paul gives us a glimpse into his own thoughts and internal debate as he awaits possible death in jail in Philippians 1:20-23 He initially presents us with two seemingly clear options: Live and labor ...
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In 2 Corinthians 10:6, what does Paul mean by the phrase “when your obedience is fulfilled”?

In 2 Cor. 10:6, it is written, And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your obedience is fulfilled. KJV, 1769 καὶ ἐν ἑτοίμῳ ἔχοντες ἐκδικῆσαι πᾶσαν παρακοήν ὅταν πληρωθῇ ...
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In 2 Thessalonians 2:11, to what does διὰ τοῦτο refer?

In 2 Thessalonians 2:11, to what does διὰ τοῦτο refer?: καὶ διὰ τοῦτο πέμπει αὐτοῖς ὁ θεὸς ἐνέργειαν πλάνης εἰς τὸ πιστεῦσαι αὐτοὺς τῷ ψεύδει, Is it the preceding verse or the next verse? The ...
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What did Paul mean by a “new lump” in 1 Cor 5:7?

What did Paul mean by a "new lump" in 1 Cor 5:7?: YLT 1Co 5:6 Not good is your glorying; have ye not known that a little leaven the whole lump doth leaven? 1Co 5:7 cleanse out, therefore, the ...
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Is Romans 1:27 referring to venereal disease?

Paul writes: Rom 1:27 and the men likewise gave up natural relations with women and were consumed with passion for one another, men committing shameless acts with men and receiving in themselves the ...
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In Romans 6:23 why does Paul speak of the “wages” of sin and not the “penalty” for sin?

In Romans 6:23 why does Paul speak of the "wages" of sin and not the "penalty" for sin?: Rom 6:23 For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord....
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2 Corinthians - how do you tell where the first-person plural (we) is inclusive or exclusive?

In many parts of the 1 Corinthians 2, the first-person plural 'we' often appears to be consistently exclusive, speaking only of Paul/Timothy & the Apostles: Are we beginning to commend ...