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Questions tagged [language]

Questions about the languages used by biblical figures, as distinct from translation questions.

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What is the reason for the difference between Eloi and Eli?

Mark 15:34, And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is translated, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” Matthew 27:46, And about ...
Jason_'s user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
222 views

Why sometimes long vowels are not written?

For example, David can be written in this way: דוד and this: דויד So if you walk in My ways, to keep My statutes and My commandments, as your father David (דויד) walked, then I will lengthen[c] your ...
user62150's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
98 views

Grammar question

Because of the fragrance of your good ointments, Your name is ointment poured forth; Therefore the virgins love you (Song of Solomon 1:3) The word for "ointment poured forth" is שֶׁ֖מֶן (...
user62150's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
70 views

Is Jonah's prophecy five or six words long?

It appears to me that most scholars commenting on the length of Jonah's prophecy in Jonah 3:4 say that it is five words long in Hebrew. The Hebrew וְ isn't counted as a word in this context, and that ...
Delbert's user avatar
  • 33
-1 votes
2 answers
64 views

How many other people like me know the only way to FULLY understand the OT and NT is by being able to read the original language? [closed]

Just by reading different versions of the OT and NT how easy it is in one language to get some sentences misinterpreted so that leads to to think after the Bible has been written in almost EVERY ...
Angel Bryant's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
619 views

Does scripture allow for "speaking in tongues" to be in non-human languages?

"Tongues" is a metonym for "language". In 1 Corinthians 13:1 Paul says: Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels … (KJV) If I could speak all the languages of earth ...
Ray Butterworth's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
46 views

Blue-collar versus white-collar understanding of λογος [closed]

The New Testament, being written in koine Greek or what I consider the language of the commoner on the street, poses an interesting question of how exactly would John's use of the word 'λογος' been ...
ed huff's user avatar
  • 355
5 votes
2 answers
3k views

Did Jesus speak Greek, Aramaic or Latin with Pontius Pilate?

Now Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor questioned Him, saying, “So You are the King of the Jews?” And Jesus said to him, “It is as you say.” (Matthew 27:11) NASB Pilate questioned Him: ...
Daniel Dahlberg's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
826 views

Why is "Certainly this man was innocent" said in Luke 23:47 but "Truly this man was the Son of God!" in Mark 15:39?

Luke 23:47 "Now when the centurion saw what had taken place, he praised God, saying, 'Certainly this man was innocent!'" ESV My emphasis. Mark 15:39 "And when the centurion, who ...
C. Stroud's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
670 views

Why doesn’t Paul use a Greek word for “influence” in 1 Corinthians 15:33?

We read: “Do not be deceived: “Evil company corrupts good habits.”” ‭‭I Corinthians‬ ‭15:33‬ ‭NKJV ‬‬One might assume that Paul means evil company can corrupt good habits, but people are in control ...
Cork88's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
265 views

Luke 5:17 where is the power?

Looking at Luke 5:17 some of the translations will read: "And the power of the Lord was present to heal/for healing", while others will read: "And the power of the Lord was with him (...
user4762's user avatar
  • 155
4 votes
5 answers
338 views

Uniquely divine begotten/born one

After reading a lot about John 1:18 lately I wondered if the verse could be translated/understood as: God no one has ever seen; the uniquely divine begotten/born one. I thought this way it could fit ...
Noah's user avatar
  • 51
2 votes
2 answers
380 views

Which is the proper translation of John 19:20?

The NKJV says: “Then many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.” ‭‭John‬ ‭19:20‬ ‭NKJV‬‬ But the NIV ...
Cork88's user avatar
  • 3,331
3 votes
3 answers
209 views

Can Philippians 1:6 be connected to 1 Corinthians 1:4-9?

Knowing that Paul mentions the guarantee of the Spirit multiple times in different letters, could it be possible that Paul is referring to the same concept of final perseverance in both Philippians 1:...
Cork88's user avatar
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3 votes
5 answers
8k views

Who is 'us', that Yahweh said to 'behold' men has become like us

During the creation account it only says that אלהים created the heavens and the earth, it is not until Genesis 2:4 that it is stated that it was יהוה, the אלהים who did it. ברא' 2:4: "אֵ֣לֶּה ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
2k views

Can we determine from the text/context in what language Peter preached his sermon at Pentecost (Acts 2:14-41)?

We all know that the apostles and disciples miraculously spoke different tongues at Pentecost, that the foreigners around who were native speakers of those languages could understand: 5 Now there ...
user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
1k views

What is the difference between speaking with the mind and speaking in a tongue (with the spirit)? 1 Corinthians 14

In 1 Cor 14:2, the act of speaking in a tongue is described as a process in which a person utters mysteries under the influence of the Holy Spirit: 2 For one who speaks in a tongue speaks not to men ...
user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
732 views

Literary devices explaining Paul's use of language style when it comes to marrying or even being involved in worldliness (1 Corinthians 7:27-31)?

( 1 Corinthians 7:25-31 ) 25 Now concerning virgins I have no command of the Lord, but I give an opinion as one who [a]by the mercy of the Lord is trustworthy. 26 I think then that this is good in ...
user1338998's user avatar
  • 3,520
6 votes
6 answers
503 views

Does 1 Corinthians 13:1 indicate the existence of ‘angelic’ languages?

“If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal.” ‭‭1 Corinthians‬ ‭13:1‬ ‭ Is this sufficient proof that there are angelic languages? If so ...
Nihil Sine Deo's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
159 views

What would be good sources for the evidence for the change in language between Prot/Deutero/Trito Isaiah in the Bible?

I am very interested in understanding the biblical book of Isaiah. I have read in numerous places that virtually no modern scholars view the book as having been written only by the historical Isaiah ...
user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
150 views

Is there a word or expression in the Bible that confirms that God can predict the future? [closed]

I have read about this in a book some time ago and it stuck into my mind. The author was doubting the divine inspiration nature of the Bible by using the following reasoning: Since the Bible is ...
Alexei's user avatar
  • 151
0 votes
2 answers
4k views

Could Adam's Rib be an extended metaphor for the womb? [closed]

I am curious from reading the mehanical translation of Genesis (Jeff A Benner,) if the rib taken from Adam could be interpreted as the womb, and any solid information which supports or contradicts. I ...
Erin's user avatar
  • 17
9 votes
4 answers
3k views

In Mark 5:41 and other NT passages, Why is Christ quoted in Aramaic?

Why does Christ or NT writers sometimes use Aramaic; Example Mark 5:41 Talitha Cumi And he took the damsel by the hand, and said unto her, Talitha cumi; which is, being interpreted, Damsel, I say ...
DocMartin's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
142 views

Why is there no היא in the Torah?

On an intriguing statement from a friend, I started looking for the feminine pronoun for she היא in the Tanakh. One thing I noticed was that I couldn't find it in the Torah. I did find it fairly ...
Micah Gafford's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
7k views

Is there a Greek or Aramaic word for "rope" that is similar to the word for "camel?"

I'm looking at Matthew 19 (New American Standard Bible), specifically at the interaction Jesus had with the young man who wanted to obtain eternal life (v. 16ff). In verse 24, Jesus tells the ...
Papa Pat's user avatar
  • 651
1 vote
1 answer
433 views

What practical reason could there have been for killing the Midianite males in Numbers 31? [duplicate]

Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him. — Numbers 31:17 In the preceding verses, Moses gives no reason for killing the male ...
CMK's user avatar
  • 1,079
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

Gad's contextual name meaning and background

I'm studying Genesis 30 right now and am having trouble with Gad's name meaning. Why was he named after a "troop" or "fortune"? Which really is it? What is the significance of this in relation to ...
Philip's user avatar
  • 1,287
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Were the Hellenistic Jews and Hebraic Jews able to speak each other's language in Acts 6:1?

In Acts 6:1 what were the distinguishing differences between the Hellenistic Jews and Hebraic Jews? The related questions to this passage are: 1) How unfamiliar were the Hellenistic Jews to ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
3k views

What are the original languages of the Old Testament? [closed]

As far as we can tell from the earliest manuscripts, how much of the Old Testament is written in Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic, or derived from earlier languages?
Gordon Stanger's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
100 views

Did Paul imply that angels differed in their tongues according to 1-cor 13:1 [closed]

1 Corinthians:13.1 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I have become sounding brass or a clanging cymbal. The word tongues in the passage is the greek word ...
user20490's user avatar
  • 2,705
0 votes
1 answer
522 views

Most accurate version of the Bible in relation to culture and time period? [closed]

According to linguistics, history and culture which version of the Bible today is most accurate translation of the ancient original in relation to English translations, culture, grammar, and time ...
Mercia's user avatar
  • 29
3 votes
4 answers
206 views

During exegesis, should we consider the original language in which Jesus spoke?

When we do exegesis of Jesus's words for example should we take into consideration the original language in which he spoke? For example: Many try to argue that Jesus made a reference to Exodus 3:14-...
Sebastian Clinciu's user avatar
17 votes
5 answers
4k views

In Psalm 2:12 why is the Aramaic word for "son" בַר ("bar") used?

Psalm 2:12a is traditionally translated: נַשְּׁקוּ־בַר kiss [the] son This reflects an understanding of בַר (bar) as the Aramaic word for son. A few other options: NRSV: kiss his feet NET: ...
Susan's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
8k views

What language did Joseph speak in Egypt?

What language did Joseph speak in Egypt? How did he learn it? Was there a common language like Aramaic? In Genesis 39 part of his ability to find favor must have been the ability to communicate ...
gideon marx's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
5k views

Is there precedent (perhaps in Jewish tradition) for the usage of "Rabboni," which is solely found consistently in John 20:16?

John 20:16 New International Version Jesus said to her, "Mary." She turned toward him and cried out in Aramaic, "Rabboni!" (which means "Teacher"). New Living ...
RJ Navarrete's user avatar
  • 1,019
10 votes
6 answers
17k views

Written language during the time of Moses? [closed]

What would the written language have been like during the time of Moses (I'm assuming that to be around 1400 BCE), and what kind of material would they have been writing on - was it all on stone ...
Luke's user avatar
  • 378
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why does Matthew use the plural form of "Key(s)" as opposed to other singular references according to the original Greek texts?

The word "Key" is referred to a few times in Scripture: 22 And I will give him the glory of David; and he shall rule, and there shall be none to speak against him: and I will give him the key (...
Charles Alsobrook's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
677 views

Does "Hebrew" refer to the language or the language family?

The book of Acts mentions the Hebrew language a number of times: And when he had given him permission, Paul, standing on the steps, motioned with his hand to the people. And when there was a great ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
  • 3,014
18 votes
5 answers
2k views

"which translated means..."

I am told that many scholars believe that the words of Jesus which we have presented to us in Greek were originally spoken in Aramaic. What confuses me then is why there are instances in the Greek ...
Jas 3.1's user avatar
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22 votes
3 answers
27k views

Was 'σκύβαλον' (skubalon) profanity?

In Philippians 3:8, Paul uses the word σκύβαλον (skubalon), which is usually translated as "dung" , "garbage", or "rubbish". I've heard that this was considered an impolite word with much stronger ...
user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
5k views

What is morphological analysis, as it relates to Bible study?

As far as I can tell, morphological analysis is a technique used by Bible students to better understand the original languages in context. How does one go about using a tool such as Robinson's ...
Philip Schaff's user avatar
3 votes
6 answers
4k views

What evidence suggests that Greek was not Mark's first language?

I've noted that Jesus probably spoke little Greek and did not have formal training. Similarly, Peter and John were likely not trained in Greek (see Acts 4:13). Bart Ehrman points out: [The four ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
  • 30.5k
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

Are the four profitable areas in 2 Tim 3:16 covering doctrine and practice?

Looking at 2 Tim 3:16 16 All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, (ESV) I was checking some commentaries ...
Dave Alger's user avatar
  • 1,094
50 votes
6 answers
11k views

What language did Jesus commonly speak?

According to Mark 15:34 (ESV): And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” Jesus spoke Aramaic in ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
  • 30.5k