Skip to main content

Questions tagged [textual-criticism]

The art/science of textual criticism attempts to reconstruct the oldest or original wording of a given text.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
2 answers
30 views

Does Hermann Gunkel’s pioneering form-critical work on the psalms encroach on inspiration?

Hans-Joachim Kraus’s monumental work on the Psalms often refers to Hermann Gunkel’s commentary on the Psalms. In his commentary on Psalm 28,2, Kraus writes the following: “H. Gunkel suggests that we ...
ed huff's user avatar
  • 401
0 votes
0 answers
18 views

Deeper contextual understanding of Isaiah 51:22 "...The chalice of My anger; You will never drink it again....."

Isaiah 51:14-23 New American Standard Bible 1995 14 The [a]exile will soon be set free, and will not die in the dungeon, nor will his bread be lacking. 15 For I am the Lord your God, who stirs up the ...
user1338998's user avatar
  • 3,570
1 vote
1 answer
23 views

Mark 3:19 versification question

I was teaching from Mark 3 using the NRSV and asked for someone to read starting in v19b (after the section break). 19 and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him. Jesus and Beelzebul Then he went home; 20 ...
mrturtle's user avatar
  • 113
1 vote
2 answers
73 views

Are there prominent textual criticism books defending the faithful preservation of the gospels in modern Bibles compared to the original manuscripts?

Numerous skeptics assert that modern Bibles are the result of a succession of copies of copies of copies of copies, implying that across centuries of transcription, translation, and interpretation, or ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 556
0 votes
0 answers
20 views

Does Lamentations reference Hosea as source material?

Reading through Hosea after being deep in Lamentations, it seems that Lamentations (approximately exilic) references several motifs or tropes from Hosea (earlier, pre-exilic). Does anyone know of any ...
David Lee's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
68 views

Is there any way to know which Bible version is correct about 1 John 5:7-8?

Some Bible versions say that there are three witnesses in heaven and that is The Father, The Son and The Spirit. 1 John 5:7-8 there are three witnesses in heaven: the Father, the Word and the Holy ...
Dong Li's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
27 views

The Septuagint vorlage in 1 Sam. 14:41 - Give Urim/Give Thumim

The MT text reads thus: וַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל אֶל יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הָבָה תָמִים וַיִּלָּכֵד יוֹנָתָן וְשָׁאוּל וְהָעָם יָצָאוּ. Therefore Saul said unto the LORD God of Israel, Give a perfect ...
bach's user avatar
  • 7,270
2 votes
2 answers
84 views

What's the Scope of Isaiah's Egyptian Eschatological Inclusion and Religious Fidelity to Yahwism: Righteous Remnant Or Wholesale Redemption:?

Considering Isaiah's dominant hostile portrayal of Egypt as either "oppressors" or "cruel masters" or a "splintered reed" and or aught to be coming to Israel in chains ...
Albert L.'s user avatar
  • 101
2 votes
1 answer
19 views

Is "trumpets" plural in some English translations of Psalm 47:5 based on a textual variant?

In Psalm 47:5, the NIV has "God has ascended amid shouts of joy, the Lord amid the sounding of trumpets." The NLT, HCSB, CEV/GNT, and NET all similarly translate "trumpets" in ...
Daniel Ockrin's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
23 views

What is the siglum for the Arabic Diatessaron?

I have browsed the Internet quite a bit but could not find the scribal abbreviation for the Diatessaron (maybe an established siglum for it does not exist).
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
110 views

Bible (Judges 16) silence or lack of info on Delilah's physical beauty says that deceptive pretentiousness & greed are Not based on good looks [closed]

Judges 16:4-22 NASB95 4 After this it came about that he loved a woman in the valley of Sorek, whose name was Delilah. 5 The lords of the Philistines came up to her and said to her, “Entice him, and ...
user1338998's user avatar
  • 3,570
1 vote
2 answers
139 views

Judges 16:4 Samson "loved a woman in the valley of Sorek, whose name was Delilah". Did Samson truly love Delilah or was it sexual lust for Delilah?

Judges 16:1 NASB95 Now Samson went to Gaza and saw a harlot there, and went in to her. Judges 16:4 NASB95 After this it came about that he loved a woman in the valley of Sorek, whose name was ...
user1338998's user avatar
  • 3,570
0 votes
4 answers
104 views

Knowing good before eating the fruit containing the Knowledge of Good and evil?

Question on Genesis 3:6- I'm trying to discern the correct interpretation of this verse; as we see, Eve saw that the fruit was good before she even ate the fruit that stemmed from the Tree of ...
John Caldwell's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
92 views

( Ephesians 5:26-27 ) Christian husbands take initiative to "cleansing" wives via "washing of water with the word"

https://www.bibelwissenschaft.de/en/bible/NA28/EPH.5 Epheser 5:25-28 25Οἱ ἄνδρες, ἀγαπᾶτε τὰς γυναῖκας, καθὼς καὶ ὁ Χριστὸς ἠγάπησεν τὴν > ἐκκλησίαν καὶ ἑαυτὸν παρέδωκεν ὑπὲρ αὐτῆς, 26ἵνα αὐτὴν ...
user1338998's user avatar
  • 3,570
2 votes
1 answer
71 views

Which is the oldest fragment of LXX containing Psalm 22:16?

As far as I am aware, LXX uses a word in this crucial verse which would uncontroversially be translated as "pierced" into English. If it predates the Roman practice of crucifixion and/or ...
God bless's user avatar
  • 121
2 votes
2 answers
105 views

Is there any evidence that Genesis chapter 50 once contained more verses beyond verse 26?

The following is from a recent answer on CSE: First, to show how the Book of Mormon and the Bible are related: The Bible originally contained a prophecy of Joseph, that some of his descendants would ...
Mike Borden's user avatar
  • 4,360
1 vote
5 answers
552 views

An explanation of El Shadai, please!

Does the Biblical term, El Shadai, mean mountaintop god, or perhaps, The Many Breasted God? I have seen both answers presented as truth claims! Gen 17:1 (NLT) - When Abram was ninety-nine years old, ...
user61972's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
381 views

Is the 'marveled' expression in Greek used in Mark 6:6, Luke 7:9 and Matthew 8:10 the same one?

I've head a preacher making the case for a sermon regarding this, it was very interesting. My limited insight into it seems to confirm it, but can someone help clarify? Mark 6:6 KJV And he marvelled ...
jbdo's user avatar
  • 121
1 vote
0 answers
87 views

Tenses in Genesis 2:4-7

There seems to be a lot of variation between the way tenses are used in this passage between translations. For example: 4 These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were ...
Abijah's user avatar
  • 454
0 votes
2 answers
124 views

Is verse 7 a later addition to Matthew 22?

This verse is part of the Parable of the Wedding Feast in Matt 22:1-14. Luke does not mention the army that destroys the city in the version of Luke 14:15-23 Matt 22:7 - The king was enraged, and he ...
Vargenos 's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
106 views

Is Psalm 30:13[H] exhorting "my glory" or "my liver" (heart - keveidi[H]) to sing praises to YHVH?

In his commentary on the Psalms, Robert Alter refers to "one ancient Greek version, [reading] keveidi, 'my liver,' which he utilizes in his translation of this verse using the word 'heart' ...
ed huff's user avatar
  • 401
1 vote
1 answer
109 views

Why do some bibles place the prophecy of Four Craftsmen in Zech. 1 while others place it in Zech. 2?

Various bibles place Zechariah's prophecy of the four craftsmen (also translated as smiths, workmen and carpenters) at the end of the Book of Zechariah chapter one. Others place it at the beginning of ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
318 views

Genesis 1:3 - Septuagint - Let there be Man?

Genesis 1:3 And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. καὶ εἶπεν ὁ θεός γενηθήτω φῶς καὶ ἐγένετο φῶς Modern Koine readers will have the advantage of accent marks to tell the ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
59 views

Job 4:6 Heb: "your fear [of God] your hope, the integrity of your ways" LXX: your fear founded in folly, your evil ways

The LXX is significantly different in this verse. Can you find scholarly comments or notes on this textual variants and the contextual analysis for a particular reading would suit Eliphaz's views? ...
Michael16's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
101 views

Leviticus 20:5 - Septuagint variant analyzed

For convenience, here is the passage (KJV, LXX): Leviticus 20:5 Then I will set my face against that man, and against his family, and will cut him off, and all that go a whoring after him, to commit ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
5k views

What are the implications of the recent finding in Vatican Library in relation to Matt 12:1?

Matthew 12:1 was in the news recently after the discovery of a hidden and over- written ancient manuscript in Syriac in the Vatican Library. The finding is important in the sense that the text ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
238 views

Is the textual evidence to the missing ending to Mark evidence of Mark being the earliest Gospel?

Mark 16:8 seems much too abrupt for an ending to the Gospel of Mark. The textual evidence indicates that none of the four endings we now have after Mark 16:8 are original, in other words the original ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
  • 20.6k
-1 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why was Mtt 17: 21 as appearing in KJV skipped in other versions of NT? [duplicate]

We read in Mtt 17:18-21 (KJV) And Jesus rebuked the devil; and he departed out of him: and the child was cured from that very hour.19 Then came the disciples to Jesus apart, and said, Why could not ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
102 views

What does the RMS at the top of page one of Eph 1:1 of Chester Beaty Papyrus P46 mean

At the top the first page of Ephesians in Chester Beatty papyrus P46 there is a notation in the Greek letters RMS. I also notice a similar notation at the top of many of the pages, with slight ...
Fraser Orr's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
138 views

Missing verset in Psalm 15:3

The verset ". . .slanders not with his tongue" is missing from the Psalm (15,3) found at Qumran. The LXX does contain this reference to slander which begs the question, at least for me, when ...
ed huff's user avatar
  • 401
4 votes
2 answers
395 views

Do translators leave out the definite article of Satan in the New Testament?

It is well known that in many cases in the Old Testament that whenever Satan is described, it is accompanied by a definite article rendering it as ‘Ha-Satan’ (The Satan). (This question will not go ...
ellied's user avatar
  • 674
7 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why is the word wife removed from most translation in Matthew 19:29?

Matthew 19:29 Some translations include the word wives. Others do not. For example: NIV: And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or fields for ...
user4951's user avatar
  • 2,633
1 vote
1 answer
228 views

Arguments for/against the Pauline authorship of NT prohibitions against women speaking in church - 1 Cor. 14:34, 1 Tim. 2:12 [closed]

Note: This question focuses on authorship, not the meaning of the verses. 1 Timothy 2:12 "I permit no woman to teach or to have authority over men; she is to keep silent." 1 Corinthians 14:...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
955 views

Should Cainan be included or excluded from the geneology of Jesus?

In the Masoretic Text, Genesis 11:12-13 reads like this: And Šëm lived after he begat ´Arpa¢šað five hundred years, and begat sons and daughters. And ´Arpa¢šad lived five and thirty years, and begat ...
Mike Borden's user avatar
  • 4,360
12 votes
10 answers
7k views

Is John 6:4 authentic?

A friend of mine at church says John's gospel chapter 6 verse 4 is inauthentic and should not be there. And the passover, a feast of the Jews, was nigh. (John 6:4 KJV) What is the manuscript ...
Victor Smithers's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
74 views

Did Ancient authors in general retain a copy for themselves? [closed]

From 2 Corinthians 2: 3 And I wrote this same unto you, lest, when I came, I should have sorrow from them of whom I ought to rejoice; having confidence in you all, that my joy is the joy of you all. ...
Roland Seuhs's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
190 views

Examining NKJV's and KJV's inclusion of "Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and," in Revelation 1:11 [duplicate]

The phrase "Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and," that is in the King James Bible and the New King James Version is not found in most translations of the bible. Are the ...
Alex Balilo's user avatar
  • 3,613
2 votes
1 answer
138 views

Textual Variants of John 19:26-27 (Entrustment of Mary)

Are there any known historical variants, interpolations, or alternate interpretations regarding the Entrustment of Mary in John 19:26-27? Specifically the four bold words in verse 26 below? John 19 [...
Bnpg's user avatar
  • 125
1 vote
0 answers
61 views

What is the internal & external evidence for the authorship/inclusion of 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 and what evidence is against its inclusion? [duplicate]

We read: “Let your women keep silent in the churches, for they are not permitted to speak; but they are to be submissive, as the law also says. And if they want to learn something, let them ask their ...
Cork88's user avatar
  • 3,351
1 vote
4 answers
898 views

Is there a Textual Issue with Ephesians 3:9?

We compare translations: “and to enlighten everyone about God’s secret plan – a secret that has been hidden for ages in God who has created all things.” ‭‭Ephesians‬ ‭3:9‬ ‭{NET} VS. “and to make all ...
Cork88's user avatar
  • 3,351
3 votes
2 answers
207 views

Textual variants of “day of eternity” and exegesis of it (2 Peter 3:18)

Q: What is the definition of “day of eternity”? And do enough manuscripts support evidence for its inclusion? “but grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To Him be the ...
Cork88's user avatar
  • 3,351
-2 votes
2 answers
272 views

Heb 6.18 says there are two immutable things; why can't there be three immutable things (according to Gen 15, the covenant with Abram)? [closed]

God cannot deny His promise nor His oath. These are two immutable things, says Heb 6.18. But covenant too is the third one which God cannot deny. If He denies, he will become like Jer 34:18. So by ...
JOHN SANKARA RAO's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
145 views

Why do some translations of Ephesians 4:9 have the word "first" and others do not?

I am wondering about the logic behind some translations including the word "first" in Ephesians 4:9 when other translations do not. For example, the KJV/NKJV include the word "first&...
Tim Catchim's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
422 views

Isaiah 9:6 "Father of the world to come", "Everlasting Father", "Father of eternity" which is more accurate according to textual criticism?

Isaiah 9:6; Young's Literal Translation; 6...Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace. Isaiah 9:6; English Standard Version; 6...called[b] Wonderful Counselor, Mighty ...
salah's user avatar
  • 3,995
2 votes
1 answer
232 views

Why are there word differences in Jesus’ teaching on internal defilement?

I don’t see any translators note within the realm of “textual criticism” here in Mark 7:21-23 from the NET so I’m confused when compared to the NKJV: “For from within, out of the human heart, come ...
Cork88's user avatar
  • 3,351
5 votes
2 answers
977 views

John 9:35, son of man or son of God?

John 9:35; DRB; 35 Jesus heard that they had cast him out: and when he had found him, he said to him: Dost thou believe in the Son of God? John 9:35; ESV; 35 Jesus heard that they had cast him out, ...
salah's user avatar
  • 3,995
3 votes
1 answer
73 views

Which has better manuscript attestation in Luke 6:9?

The KJV with Strong's concordance has the following for Luke 6:9 (word in question is emboldened): Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or ...
Mike Borden's user avatar
  • 4,360
1 vote
1 answer
113 views

What is the most accurate rendering of Psalms 11:7

4 different translations: “For the Lord is righteous, He loves righteousness; His countenance beholds the upright.” ‭‭Psalms‬ ‭11:7‬ ‭NKJV “Certainly the Lord is just; he rewards godly deeds; the ...
Cork88's user avatar
  • 3,351
3 votes
1 answer
220 views

What is the most accurate rendering of Psalms 7:11 (Textual Criticism)

A few different translations: “God judgeth the righteous, And God is angry with the wicked every day.” ‭‭Psalm‬ ‭7:11‬ ‭KJV “God is a righteous judge, And a God who shows indignation every day.” ‭‭...
Cork88's user avatar
  • 3,351
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Daniel Chapter 3- Why Do Some Translations have More Verses?

I have noticed that some versions of Daniel 3 end at verse 30, while other versions continue after that point for many more verses. Which version is correct?
Sister Su's user avatar

1
2 3 4 5
8