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Questions tagged [syntax]

For questions about the linguistic structures of sentences; should be used with the corresponding language tag.

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Does the wording of 1 Samuel 18:21 suggest David was already married to Merab when Saul offered him Michal?

וַיֹּ֨אמֶר שָׁא֜וּל אֶתְּנֶ֤נָּה לֹּו֙ וּתְהִי־לֹ֣ו לְמֹוקֵ֔שׁ וּתְהִי־בֹ֖ו יַד־פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים וַיֹּ֤אמֶר שָׁאוּל֙ אֶל־דָּוִ֔ד בִּשְׁתַּ֛יִם תִּתְחַתֵּ֥ן בִּ֖י הַיֹּֽום׃ (WLC) “I will give her [...
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3answers
124 views

How should Isaiah 59:19 be translated and understood?

YLT Isaiah 59:19 And they fear from the west the name of Jehovah, And from the rising of the sun -- His honour, When come in as a flood doth an adversary, The Spirit of Jehovah hath raised an ensign ...
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3answers
103 views

Does the Didache dictate that the “Lord's Supper” was to involve a real meal?

A commentary I came across said that the Didache indicated that its audience would have a meal in conjunction with the "Eucharist" but when I looked for the reference it seems it is ambiguous (of ...
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2answers
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Revelation 9:14 - are the angels/messengers bound at the Euphrates, or released there?

Revelation 9:14 YLT: ... saying to the sixth messenger who had the trumpet, 'Loose the four messengers who are bound at the great river Euphrates;' ... Is it: ...'Loose the four ...
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3answers
103 views

What is Job's complaint in Job 24:1?

Young's Literal has this: YLT Job 24:1 Wherefore from the Mighty One Times have not been hidden, And those knowing Him have not seen His days. There seems to be some concern about the "times" ...
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1answer
50 views

What is Job 24:22 saying about the rich and powerful?

Some take this to say that God establishes the powerful, others that he "drags them away". The ESV says God "prolongs" the life of the rich and powerful: ESV Job 24:22: Yet God prolongs the life ...
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4answers
118 views

In Matthew 5:3 what kind of dative is “τῷ πνεύματι”?

Disclaimer: I have no formal education in Koine. NASB/GNT Matthew 5: 3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to them. 3 Μακάριοι οἱ πτωχοὶ τῷ πνεύματι, ὅτι ...
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3answers
80 views

Why is the word 'anti' used in Ephesians 5:31 instead of 'heneka' when quoting Genesis 2:24?

Both Ephesians 5:31 and Matthew 19:5 quote Genesis 2:24: 'For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.' However in ...
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1answer
206 views

Hebrews 12:2 “for the joy” or “instead of the joy”?

Hbr 12:1-2 keeping our eyes fixed on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of our faith. For the joy set out for him he endured the cross, disregarding its shame, and has taken his seat at the right ...
1
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1answer
40 views

In Romans 11:11 who is made jealous of whom?

YLT Rom 11:11 I say, then, Did they stumble that they might fall? let it not be! but by their fall the salvation is to the nations, to arouse them to jealousy; Do the fallen Jews make the ...
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2answers
127 views

Which is the main verb of the sentence in 2 Peter 1,3-4?

I have been struggling to locate the main verb in the sentence that comprises 2 Peter 1,3-4. NA28 gives full stops at the end of verses 2 and 4. Thus, if verses 3-4 are punctuated as a complete ...
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2answers
2k views

In Romans 12:1 - What is “Therefore” there for?

Question: In Romans 12:1 - What is "Therefore" there for? Is "therefore" there to indicate that Paul is concluding an argument? If so, what was the justification that Paul gave previously in order ...
3
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1answer
168 views

In Jeremiah 29:8 what kind of dream was Israel not to listen to?

In Jeremiah, which dreams is God saying to not listen to? NKJV, Jeremiah 29:8 - For thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: Do not let your prophets and your diviners who are in your ...
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1answer
189 views

John 7:22 - Why Did Moses Give the Commandment of Circumcision?

1. Greek Syntax Questions: Looking at the Greek Syntax - what is the reason Moses "gave circumcision"? What does the text, its context, and the syntax of the passage indicate? 2. The Text: In John ...
2
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1answer
85 views

Is James 2:14 two questions or one?

Τί τὸ ὄφελος ἀδελφοί μου ἐὰν πίστιν λέγῃ τις ἔχειν ἔργα δὲ μὴ ἔχῃ μὴ δύναται ἡ πίστις σῶσαι αὐτόν what the profit brothers of me if faith say anyone to have works however not has not is able ...
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1answer
154 views

1 Cor. 12:24-25 What was done to prevent schism?

In 1 Corinthians 12:24-25 (KJV) which states, For our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, having given more abundant honour to that part which lacked: That there ...
2
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1answer
76 views

In Luke 22, How Should Prepare and Eat - be Translated from the Aorist Subjunctive?

Related: - In Luke 22:16: Does the Syntax Indicate if Jesus Was not Going to Eat THAT Passover? 1. Question: In Mark 14 and Luke 22, how should "Prepare" and "Eat" be translated from the Aorist ...
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2answers
248 views

How should Genesis 3:4 be punctuated?

In English usually after the word said we add a comma and a quote to designate when the speech began. In Hebrew I hope for some sort of structure language law. As an example: Genesis 3:4 (Hebrew OT,...
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3answers
2k views

Philippians 2:12 - How should “Work Out” be interpreted?

1. Question In Phil 2:12, How should "Work" be translated, and why is "Out" injected? Setting aside doctrinal presuppositions of faith/work/eternal salvation -- Phil 2:12, NASB - 12 So then, my ...
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2answers
328 views

Rev 20:7-8 Syntax: Gog and Magog in apposition to what?

Revelation of John 20:7-8 SBLGNT 7 Καὶ ὅταν τελεσθῇ τὰ χίλια ἔτη, λυθήσεται ὁ Σατανᾶς ἐκ τῆς φυλακῆς αὐτοῦ, 8 καὶ ἐξελεύσεται πλανῆσαι τὰ ἔθνη τὰ ἐν ταῖς τέσσαρσι γωνίαις τῆς γῆς, τὸν Γὼγ ⸀ ...
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2answers
186 views

In Hebrews 9:22, How Should “Almost” be Interpreted, and What does it Apply to?

1. Question Clarification of the Greek Syntax : How should the word "Almost, [σχεδὸν]" be understood in Hebrews 9:22, and what does it apply to, in view of Greek Syntax, and especially in view of the ...