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Questions tagged [grammar]

Understanding the grammar of the source texts; this tag should be accompanied by the appropriate language tag.

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In Revelation 7:12 and 7:14 is there any significant difference between the Koine Greek words ἡ and τῆς?

I understand they both translate to the article "the" but is there any significant difference between these two words? I am looking at their use in Revelation 7:12 and Revelation 7:14. Rev 7:12, ...
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2answers
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“Be holy as I am holy”; why are the two words for “holy” written differently in Hebrew?

קְדֹשִׁים תִּהְיוּ: כִּי קָדוֹשׁ, אֲנִי ”Be holy for I (God) am holy" This verse in Leviticus 19:2 seems to demand that Israel should sanctify herself to the level of God’s holiness. But in ...
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1answer
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Is the ESV reading of Ecclesiastes 11:5 faithful to the Hebrew?

The ESV is unlike the other translations in that it seems see "way of the spirit" as a fetal development matter which the author is using as how inscrutable are God's ways. In other translations "way ...
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1answer
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Meaning of “manner” in acts 1:11

The Greek word τρόπον has different shades of meaning, What is the meaning of τρόπον as used in Acts 1:11?
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1answer
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Does the wording of 1 Samuel 18:21 suggest David was already married to Merab when Saul offered him Michal?

וַיֹּ֨אמֶר שָׁא֜וּל אֶתְּנֶ֤נָּה לֹּו֙ וּתְהִי־לֹ֣ו לְמֹוקֵ֔שׁ וּתְהִי־בֹ֖ו יַד־פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים וַיֹּ֤אמֶר שָׁאוּל֙ אֶל־דָּוִ֔ד בִּשְׁתַּ֛יִם תִּתְחַתֵּ֥ן בִּ֖י הַיֹּֽום׃ (WLC) “I will give her [...
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1answer
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According to Genesis 4:1f, could Cain and Abel be twins?

In English, the Bible states: 1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, 'I have gotten a man from the LORD.' 2 And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was ...
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4answers
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Can a joint meaning of 'word of death' be derived for Isaiah 9:7 / 9:8 on account of the different words used in the Greek LXX and Hebrew Texts?

I would like to see some answers as to the discrepancy between the Hebrew and the LXX Greek Text concerning the subject matter of what is read in verse 8 of the KJV, but in other translations it can ...
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3answers
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“From Mount Horeb” (Exodus 33:6), how should we understand the preposition “from” in context?

Exodus 33:6, וַיִּתְנַצְּלוּ בְנֵי-יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת-עֶדְיָם, מֵהַר חוֹרֵב. So the Israelites stripped off their ornaments at Mount Horeb. (NIV) The problem with the NIV's translation is that ...
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1answer
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Order of action in two verses from Ephesians chapter 1 and 4

I find it hard to understand the order of action of the verbs in two separate verses from Ephisians chapter 1 and 4: Chapter 1 verses 17-18: ἵνα ὁ θεὸς τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ ὁ πατὴρ τῆς δόξης ...
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1answer
38 views

Translation of 1Peter 1 13

It is written in 1Peter chapter 1 verse 13: Διὸ ἀναζωσάμενοι τὰς ὀσφύας τῆς διανοίας ὑμῶν νήφοντες τελείως ἐλπίσατε ἐπὶ τὴν φερομένην ὑμῖν χάριν ἐν ἀποκαλύψει Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ Wherefore having girded ...
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1answer
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Grammatical analysis of יֶ֧רֶךְ הַמִּזְבֵּ֛חַ צָפֹ֖נָה in Leviticus 1:11

If we trust Biblehub's parsing information, yerek is in the construct form, hammizbeah is in the absolute form with the definite article, and saponah is in the absolute form with a 3FS possessive ...
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2answers
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Future vs Subjunctive in the promises to the seven Churches

I have a question regarding the significance of the Subjunctive tense comparing to the Future tense in examination of the promises found in the letters to the seven Churches in the Book of Revelation. ...
4
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2answers
58 views

Subject of verb וְנִרְצָ֥ה in Leviticus 1:4

(Leviticus 1:4, KJV) And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him. A priori, I would have expected the subject of ...
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2answers
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1 Thessalonians 4:3 grammatical analysis: accusative or nominative?

I need a help regarding a grammatical issue in 1 Thessalonians 4:3: τοῦτο γάρ ἐστιν θέλημα τοῦ θεοῦ ὁ ἁγιασμὸς ὑμῶν ἀπέχεσθαι ὑμᾶς ἀπὸ τῆς "For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, ...
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1answer
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ConjPerf vs ConjImperf vs ConsecImperf parsing

My question regards the parsing of verbs on the Biblehub website's interlinear Hebrew Bible. What do the ConjPerf/ConjImperf/ConsecImperf labels mean? Let me post an example of each, with the ...
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1answer
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Should μὴ πτοηθῆτε in Luke 21:9 be imperative instead of subjunctive?

ESV translates μὴ πτοηθῆτε "do not be terrified." HCSB "don't be alarmed" NASB95 "do not be terrified" ASV "be not terrified" NKJV "do not be terrified" Since accents and punctuation weren't in ...
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1answer
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In Acts 13:22, does “a man after my own heart” refer to David or Jesse?

After comparing 1 Samuel 13:14 with Acts 13:22, I have often wondered if Acts 13:22 means that Jesse rather than David was a man after God’s own heart. 1 Samuel 13:14 14 But now thy kingdom shall ...
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1answer
42 views

What does “into” mean in Matthew 6:13 [duplicate]

Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. What does into mean in this verse? This prayer seems to me like God by default leads us into temptation and Jesus is asking ...
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2answers
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What does “for” mean in Psalm 25:11?

Psalm 25:11 For thy name's sake, O LORD, pardon mine iniquity; for it is great. What is the meaning of for in this verse? which word can be substituted instead of for to get the most accurate ...
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2answers
51 views

What does the word “for” mean and imply in Psalms 18:17?

Psalm 18:17 He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them which hated me: for they were too strong for me. Can for in this verse be translated because? Did God deliver David because his ...
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1answer
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In Psalm 23:6 why is the word God /θεοῦ added in the LXX but lacking in the Hebrew Psalm 24:6 in it's equivalent אלהים?

LXX Psa 24:6  (23:6) αὕτη ἡ γενεὰ ζητούντων αὐτόν, ζητούντων τὸ πρόσωπον τοῦ θεοῦ Ιακωβ. διάψαλμα.  Hebrew Text Psa 24:6  זה דור דרשׁו מבקשׁי פניך יעקב סלה׃  This in some ways, while it in ...
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1answer
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Why does YLT change the tense of Judges 6:14

Judges 6:14 in KJV and most other translation is in future tense And the LORD looked upon him, and said, Go in this thy might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites: have ...
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2answers
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Distinguishing the differences in meanings when of, by, in, through, with & for are added before the Spirit? [closed]

All taken from KJV for consistencey Romans 15:30 Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the love of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in your prayers ...
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Why is אתך in Genesis 24:40 pointed אִתָּךְ rather than אִתְּךָ?

וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָי יְהוָה אֲשֶׁר הִתְהַלַּכְתִּי לְפָנָיו יִשְׁלַח מַלְאָכוֹ אִתָּךְ וְהִצְלִיחַ דַּרְכֶּךָ וְלָקַחְתָּ אִשָּׁה לִבְנִי מִמִּשְׁפַּחְתִּי וּמִבֵּית אָבִי In context, the person being ...
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3answers
55 views

Onward to Shinar: From the East or to the East?

Here are the choices...and of course, they are opposites: ESV Genesis 11:2 And as people migrated from the east, they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there. NET Genesis 11:2 When the ...
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2answers
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What does the lamed prefix in Song of Songs 1:3 mean?

Song of Songs 1:2-3 יִשָּׁקֵ֙נִי֙ מִנְּשִׁיקֹ֣ות פִּ֔יהוּ כִּֽי־טֹובִ֥ים דֹּדֶ֖יךָ מִיָּֽיִן׃ לְרֵ֙יחַ֙ שְׁמָנֶ֣יךָ טֹובִ֔ים שֶׁ֖מֶן תּוּרַ֣ק שְׁמֶ֑ךָ עַל־כֵּ֖ן עֲלָמֹ֥ות אֲהֵבֽוּךָ׃ (...
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1answer
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Grammatically speaking, Who is the 'father' of 1 Corinthians 4, etal?

1Corinthians 4:14 I write not these things to shame you, but as my beloved sons I warn you. 15 For though ye have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet have ye not many fathers: for in Christ ...
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1answer
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What is the significance of the aorist tense of γεννη in 1 Corinthians 4:15?

1 Corinthians 4:15 For though ye have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet have ye not many fathers: for in Christ Jesus I have begotten (ἐγέννησα) you through the gospel. Paul uses the aeorist ...
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3answers
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In Romans 16:4, does Paul thank Priscilla and Aquila or does he thank God FOR them?

[Rom 16:3-4 KJV] 3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus: 4 Who have for my life laid down their own necks: unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles. ...
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1answer
55 views

How can be translated 1Peter 3:21?

Good morning. For some time I have a question about 1 Peter 3:21. I want to know all the possibilities of translating the text to know how to interpret the text. I noticed that there are textual ...
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2answers
154 views

Grammar help please: συνεσταυρωμαι in Gal 2:20

I was looking at Galatians 2:20 - I have been crucified with Christ. (ESV version) And I wondered if there was anything in the Greek grammar that showed if "have been" indicated an action of a ...
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3answers
42 views

What is the extent of the silence commanded of women in 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 and 1 Timothy 2:11-12?

Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to be under obedience, as also saith the law. 35And if they will learn any thing, let ...
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3answers
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What is Paul forbidding in 1 Timothy 2:12?

What is the right understanding of 1 Timothy 2:12 based only on grammar. Should it be understood as "I don't let any woman teach other man (adult male gender) or to have power over man(adult male ...
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1answer
40 views

Meanings of “Himself” in Hebrew (Isaiah 53:6 and Gen 22:8)

Question about a Hebrew grammatical allowance I heard of a long time ago and I cant remember where: In either if these two passages: Isaiah 53:6 (NKJV) "All we like sheep have gone astray; We have ...
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2answers
37 views

In what sense is the word ἀνακρίνει used in 1 Corinthians 2:15?

NA 28 1 Corinthians 2:15 15ὁ δὲ πνευματικὸς ἀνακρίνει [τὰ] πάντα, αὐτὸς δὲ ὑπ’ οὐδενὸς ἀνακρίνεται. 1 Corinthians 2:15 KJV 15 But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is ...
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In Creation account especially Genesis 1:1-3 and 1:26, why “elohim” and “us' and ”our" are plural? [duplicate]

My question is different from question why "elohim" is translated as singular "God" and not plural "Gods", because I like present a talking about about it is not "Elohim" is the subject, but "Elohim" ...
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3answers
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Luke 8:14 - to what does 'of life' refer?

το δε εις τας ακανθας πεσον ουτοι εισιν οι ακουσαντες και υπο μεριμνων και πλουτου και ηδονων του βιου πορευομενοι συμπνιγονται και ου τελεσφορουσιν Luke 8:14 TR-Stephens 1550, Beza 1598, Elzevir ...
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2answers
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In Matthew 7:23 does Jesus say he will “profess” or “confess” to the goats or that he “agrees with” them?

[Matthew 7:22-23 KJV] 22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? 23 And then ...
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1answer
68 views

What is the correct translation of 1 Chronicles 23:13?

The King James Version (ed. 1769) translates 1 Chronicles 23:13 as follows: The sons of Amram; Aaron and Moses: and Aaron was separated, that he should sanctify the most holy things, he and his ...
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1answer
37 views

What is the correct translation of Numbers 28:10?

The King James Version (ed. 1769) translates Numbers 28:10 as follows, This is the burnt offering of every sabbath, beside the continual burnt offering, and his drink offering. The Hebrew text ...
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2answers
66 views

In 1 Thessalonians 4:17 does “ἅμα σὺν αὐτοῖς” indicate that the “dead” and Paul ascend simultaneously?

In the interlinear of the verse there are few words that I am hoping will indicate whether or not Paul's rapture is simultaneous with the rising of the dead (so that as the others ascend he is swept ...
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0answers
24 views

בַּת צִיּוֹן in the Tanakh—Genitive of possession (Zion’s daughter) or appositional genitive (daughter Zion)?

In 2 Kings 19:21 (and other verses containing the phrase), should the phrase בַּת צִיּוֹן (bat Tzion) be understood as a genitive of possession (Zion’s daughter) or a genitive of apposition, equating ...
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1answer
83 views

Elohim at Genesis 1:1: subject or object?

My question is about the alternative interpretation given on page 110, note 22 of this excerpt of the Zohar, Pritzker Edition. The note posits that אלהים might have been created by the unnameable ...
2
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3answers
67 views

In Acts 11:26 what were the disciples called in Antioch?

Acts 11:26 - It was in Antioch that the disciples were first given the name of “Christians”. Disciples and Christians are both accusative masculine plural. If the disciples are the subject of the ...
2
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1answer
68 views

In Deuteronomy 10:17, are both אלהי and אדני plural or singular? If plural, how come they do not have ם at the end?

In Deuteronomy 10:17, it is written, כִּי יהוה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם הוּא אֱלֹהֵי הָאֱלֹהִים וַאֲדֹנֵי הָאֲדֹנִים הָאֵל הַגָּדֹל הַגִּבֹּר וְהַנּוֹרָא אֲשֶׁר לֹא יִשָּׂא פָנִים וְלֹא יִקַּח שֹׁחַד Are both ...
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1answer
73 views

Is the Hebrew word בוראיך in Ecclesiastes 12:1 singular or plural?

About Ecclesiastes 12:1 וזכר את בוראיך בימי בחורתיך עד אשר לא יבאו ימי הרעה והגיעו שנים אשר תאמר אין לי בהם חפץ׃ Is the Hebrew word בוראיך in Ecclesiastes 12:1 singular or plural? Which letter or ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Luke 21:7 what is the significance between “will…be” vs “to take place”

Luke 21:7 ESV: And they asked him, “Teacher, when will these things be, and what will be the sign when these things are about to take place?” Luke 21,7 Ἐπηρώτησαν δὲ αὐτὸν λέγοντες· διδάσκαλε, πότε ...
8
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4answers
816 views

In Isaiah 9:6, why is “Eternal Father” the preferred translation rather than the more literal “Father of Eternity”?

I wanted to know why most translations seem to use "Eternal (or Everlasting) Father" and others use "Father of Eternity" in Isaiah 9:6. I found the following statement in an answer to a different ...
3
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2answers
78 views

In Isaiah 6:2 whose face and feet are the Seraphim covering with their wings?

In reading Isaiah 6:2 the translation is generally "with two he covered his face" and also "with two he covered his feet" - meaning that the Seraphim are hiding their own faces and feet from either ...
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4answers
66 views

In 1 Corinthians 1:1, is Paul a “called-apostle” or “called to be an apostle”?

(1 Corinthians 1:1) Παῦλος κλητὸς ἀπόστολος Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ διὰ θελήματος θεοῦ καὶ Σωσθένης ὁ ἀδελφὸς (KJV) Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our ...