Questions tagged [grammar]

Understanding the grammar of the source texts; this tag should be accompanied by the appropriate language tag.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
6
votes
6answers
1k views

Is it grammar or theology that causes translators to typically translate John 10:33 as “declare Yourself to be God” as opposed to “a god”?

John 10:33 is typically translated as something like "“We are not stoning You for any good work,” said the Jews, “but for blasphemy, because You, who are a man, declare Yourself to be God.”"...
2
votes
3answers
40 views

Deuteronomy 34:10

Deut 34:10 - Since that time no prophet has risen in Israel like Moses, whom the LORD knew face to face (NASB) Is the Hebrew in Deuteronomy 34:10 future tense? Meaning Jesus can’t be the prophet like ...
5
votes
2answers
118 views

Psalm 17:2 Why the Hebrew word for eyes is singular?

https://biblehub.com/psalms/17-2.htm Psalm 17:2 Let my vindication come from you; may your eyes see what is right. may Your eyes עֵ֝ינֶ֗יךָ (‘ê·ne·ḵā) Noun - cdc | second person masculine singular ...
2
votes
2answers
41 views

Matt 25:40. Can Jesus' brethren be understood to be the righteous of verse 37?

I am looking for an answer based on the structure of the original Greek. I observe in my reading of Matthew 25:31-46 that the term " my brethren " occurs only in the first passage of Jesus' ...
1
vote
2answers
92 views

Anarthrous “Son of God” in Mark 1:1 and 15:39

Mark 1:1 (ESV), 1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God... Mark 15:39 (ESV), 39 And when the centurion, who stood facing him, saw that in this way he breathed his last, he said, “...
5
votes
1answer
44 views

In Leviticus 6:2 LXX, what is the meaning of κοινωνίας?

The NLT version of Leviticus 6:2, based on the Hebrew, has this: [Lev 6:2 NLT] (2) "Suppose one of you sins against your associate and is unfaithful to the LORD. Suppose you cheat in a deal ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

In Philippians 1:5, what does Paul mean by κοινωνίᾳ?

[Phl 1:5 YLT] (5) for your contribution to the good news from the first day till now, [Phl 1:5 NIV] (5) because of your partnership in the gospel from the first day until now, [Phl 1:5 NKJV] (5) for ...
5
votes
1answer
55 views

μέν … δέ with trailling καὶ

In English, it is idiomatic to have the word 'and' before the last item in a list, such as "I like coffee, tea, and beer" (with or without the last comma!). In Ephesians 4:11, there is a &...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Present Infinitive Active Verbs in 1 Timothy 5:14

1 Timothy 5:14 (ESV), So I would have younger widows marry, bear children, manage their households, and give the adversary no occasion for slander. The four emboldened phrases above, in Greek, are ...
3
votes
3answers
79 views

Present Infinitive Active Verbs in 1 Timothy 5:14

1 Timothy 5:14 (ESV), So I would have younger widows marry, bear children, manage their households, and give the adversary no occasion for slander. The four emboldened phrases above, in Greek, are ...
3
votes
3answers
102 views

In Revelation 7:11, who falls down and worships God?

Revelation 7:11 (CSB) All the angels stood around the throne, and along with the elders and the four living creatures they fell facedown before the throne and worshiped God, Revelation 7:11 (NIV) All ...
4
votes
1answer
32 views

The spirit but which spirit? “which” or “who/whom”?

Unlike English, other languages like Greek, Hebrews have something called "gender". That is, some nouns are masculine, others are feminine, and still, others are neuter. Something like we ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

In Habakkuk 2:2-3, is he saying that the the reading and running occur in the last days?

Habakkuk 2:2 seems to be saying that Habakkuk is to write a call to action, and it sounds like it is to be written without obscurity so the reader will immediately charge off. However, in verse 3 it ...
4
votes
2answers
64 views

Word order in subject-predicate nominative constructions

Hi I am studying the use of the nominative and especially looking at the subject-predicate nominative constructions. I read the following in Matt 6:22: Matthew 6:22 (UBS5): Ὁ λύχνος τοῦ σώματός ἐστιν ...
2
votes
3answers
82 views

Is Aramaic “bar enos,” “son of man,” identifiable as a definite or indefinite form? [closed]

In the written NT, "the son of man" is "ο γιος του ανθρώπου," with a definite article "ο." This would presumably be a Greek translation of an Aramaic phrase used during ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Exodus 40 difference between “thou” and “he”, and the official position of Moses

My questions are in Exodus 40, from verses 2-15 the word "thou" is used and from verses 19-30 the word "he" is used is there a important distinction? Also, Moses seems to be ...
3
votes
2answers
28 views

In 1 Corinthians 15:26, what is the significance of καταργεῖται (“abolish”) being a present indicative instead of a future?

[1Co 15:26 NASB] (26) The last enemy that will be abolished is death. [1Co 15:26 MGNT] (26) ἔσχατος ἐχθρὸς καταργεῖται ὁ θάνατος The context of 1 Corinthians 15 is a little difficult to sort out, ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

In Acts 24:15, how should μέλλειν ἔσεσθαι be rendered?

It is generally translated as "going to be", with Young's Literal Translation being the Minority Report: https://biblehub.com/acts/24-15.htm https://www.jw.org/en/library/bible/nwt/books/...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

What is the reason for the use of different voices for the perfect in Mark 1:15?

Hi in the following verse: Mark 1:15 (UBS5): Πεπλήρωται ὁ καιρὸς καὶ ἤγγικεν ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ θεοῦ· μετανοεῖτε καὶ πιστεύετε ἐν τῷ εὐαγγελίῳ. ... has been fulfilled the time and has drawn near the ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

In Matthew 10:25, who is Beelzebub/Beelzeboul?

[Mat 10:25 NASB] (25) "It is enough for the disciple that he become like his teacher, and the slave like his master. If they have called the head of the house Beelzebul, how much more [will they ...
2
votes
2answers
38 views

Why is the perfect tense used to describe clothing for Jesus and John?

Quick question - I am learning Greek and trying to read the NT in the same. Why is the perfect tense used when describing Jesus’ (Rev 1) and John the Baptist’s clothes (Mark 1)? Specifically I am ...
4
votes
5answers
541 views

Why does Genesis 3 use male pronouns for Eve?

I came across some interesting observations of Genesis 3 recently: Genesis 3:12, "And the adam said , 'the woman whom you gave with me, HE gave [3fs] to me from the tree and I ate'" Genesis ...
5
votes
2answers
94 views

In Romans 1:18, what is the relationship between men's unrighteousness and their suppression of the truth?

How is he saying that men suppress the truth?: by being unrighteousness? motivated by unrighteousness? by wicked means? What is the function of ἐν in the sentence? [Rom 1:18 NLT] (18) But God shows ...
3
votes
4answers
179 views

Why do English bibles change “Yearn for Purity” (נַשְּׁקוּ בַר) in Psalm 2:12 to “Kiss the Son” or “Kiss his Son”?

We read in Tehillim 2:12 [MT], "Yearn for Purity, lest He be angry and your-way will perish when suddenly His-wrath will kindle. Happy [are] all who take refuge in-Him" (נַשְּׁקוּ בַ֡ר פֶּן ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

What is the status of the word “heaven” in Matthew 18:19?

ESV Matthew 18:19 "Again I say to you, if two of you may agree on earth about anything they ask, it will be done for them by my Father in heaven". The Greek ouranois is plural. 26 of 29 ...
7
votes
3answers
798 views

How do we understand the connection between the feminine pronominal suffix with Jonah in Jonah 1:11

Jonah 1:11 (KJV 1900): Then said they unto him, What shall we do unto thee (לָּ֔ךְ) לָּ֔ךְ is a second person feminine pronominal suffix, which means that it cannot be referring to Jonah. So why do ...
-1
votes
1answer
46 views

Can you give the Greek Word ekklēsia a masculine ending? [closed]

I know that the Greek word translated as church (in the Bible) is a feminine noun. But, is it possible to give ecclesia a masculine ending - making it a masculine noun? Thank you.
4
votes
1answer
71 views

What is the meaning of “And who is their father?” in 1 Samuel 10:12?

1 Samuel 10:9 As Saul turned to leave Samuel, God changed Saul’s heart, and all these signs were fulfilled that day. 10When he and his servant arrived at Gibeah, a procession of prophets met him; the ...
4
votes
1answer
68 views

Is there a first person verb with a plural subject in Hebrew?

I am aware of singular verbs with plural subjects in the third person, masculine, singular. Such as Exodus 4:29, but I am wondering if there is a 1cs that has a plural subject? Feel free to add or ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the justification for English translations capitalizing “Word” in John 1:1?

What is the justification for English translations capitalizing “Word” in John 1:1? ΕΝ ΑΡΧΗ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. New International Version In the beginning ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

What does, “let” him come, mean in John 7:37?

Jesus stood up and cried out, "If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink". ESV How "let" is possibly used: I will let you use my car-permission-I give the thirsty person ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Luke 12:1 Vulgate Text: “adtendite a fermento Pharisaeorum quae est hypocrisis”

This might not be the right forum to ask, but I couldn't think of a better one. If it is deemed unacceptable, I apologize in advance. I was reading Luke the other day, and inspired by the curiosity to ...
3
votes
2answers
93 views

Why does the King James Bible appear to not agree with some other translations with regard to “you” in Romans 6:17?

that form of doctrine which was delivered "you". KJV KJV. The form of doctrine was delivered. New American Standard Bible. "you were committed". Christian Standard Bible. "...
3
votes
4answers
155 views

Can the Ten Commandments be interpreted as declarative?

There is a variation in how John 14:15 is translated: "If you love me, you will keep my commandments." ESV “If you love Me, you will keep My commandments." NASB “If you love me, keep ...
5
votes
2answers
147 views

Psalm 49:7(NASB) translation seems to say “No human being” can redeem his brother but Psalm 49:7(KJV) refers to those with earthly riches

Psalm 49:5-9 (NASB) 5 Why should I fear in days of adversity, When the iniquity of my [b]foes surrounds me, 6 Even those who trust in their wealth And boast in the abundance of their riches? 7 No ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Exodus 3:17 and Judges 2:1 - the Validity of the Vav-Conversive

In Exodus 3:17, we find the phrase אַעֲלֶה אֶתְכֶם (aʿaleh etkhem). The word אַעֲלֶה is a verb conjugated from the verb עָלָה in the imperfect aspect, as indicated by the prefixed א. Reviewing the ...
7
votes
2answers
703 views

Mark 5:34 Daughter, your [σου] faith has healed you. Why is the genitive case used?

Luke 8:30 Jesus asked him, "What is your name?" your σοι (soi) Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative 2nd Person Singular Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person ...
6
votes
1answer
179 views

Is εἰμί (and thus ἦν) always a stative verb? Or, is ἦν a substantive verb in John 1:1a (ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος)?

This question is based on a comment on this post to this question. In the comment, it was denied that the verb ἦν in John 1:1a (viz., ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος) is functioning as a substantive verb. It was ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Does Wallace's chart identify “the archangel” as a monadic noun at Jude 9:9 from the text? If not, how does the grammar of the text prove otherwise?

Does Wallace's chart identify “the archangel” as a monadic noun at Jude 9:9 from the text of scripture? If not, how does the grammar of the text prove otherwise? At Jude 9:9 we find “Michael the ...
3
votes
3answers
82 views

Who is, or are the correct referent(s) of the pronouns in John 1:3-4?

The Fourth Gospel begins: 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 This One was in the beginning with God. 3 All things came-into-being through Him, ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Does ἄγγελος κυρίου in the NT (e.g. Acts 12:7) refer to the angel of the LORD in the OT?

Does ἄγγελος κυρίου in the NT (e.g. Acts 12:7) refer to the angel of the LORD in the OT? An example of Apollonius Corollary. is ἄγγελος κυρίου (angel of the Lord) at Acts 12:7. Wallace promotes the ...
3
votes
2answers
436 views

Genesis 5:2, grammatically, how does a plural pronoun refer to a singular noun?

Genesis 5:2 (DRB): He created them male and female; and blessed them: and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created. How does the plural pronoun refer to singular noun (called ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

What does the article signify in the Greek translation of Genesis 1:1?

The beginning of the Bible states: In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1 ESV) בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָֽרֶץ In the beginning God made the ...
-5
votes
2answers
108 views

Is the article at Titus 2:13 anaphoric? If not, what grammatical reasons deny it is?

Is the article at Titus 2:13 anaphoric? If not, what grammatical reasons deny it is? Note: Keep in mind that Wallace says "Most individualizing articles will be anaphoric" [a] Also ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

Is the article ο in ο θεός at Hebrews 1:9 anaphoric to θεός at Hebrews 1:8? If not, what grammatical reason prevents it?

Is the article ο in ο θεός at Hebrews 1:9 anaphoric to θεός at Hebrews 1:8? If not, what grammatical reason prevents it? Note: Keep in mind and address that Wallace says "Most individualizing ...
0
votes
2answers
178 views

Since at Galatians 1:1 Father is appositional to θεός but Son is never in the NT, how does this make them θεός differently?

Since at Galatians 1:1 "Father" is appositional to θεός but "Son" is never in the NT, how does this make them θεός differently? Daniel Wallace says: it would be wrong to say &...
-4
votes
1answer
69 views

Are the articles at Ro 9:6,8 ultimately anaphoric to 9:5/1:4? If not, what are the grammatical reasons they are not?

Are the articles at Ro 9:6,8 ultimately anaphoric to 9:5/1:4? If not, what are the grammatical reasons they are not?
4
votes
1answer
68 views

In Acts 13:48 -“ τεταγμένοι” (appointed- YTL), What the Luke's narration implies to, “middle” or “passive ”voice?

Apparently, Luke simply narrates the event describing how "people throng" to Paul and Barnabas to hear the message, and with conscious volition "they" responded. Therefore, the "middle voice" would ...
-4
votes
2answers
102 views

Is the article at 2 Thessalonians 1:12 anaphoric? If not, what grammatical reasons deny it is?

Is the article at 2 Thessalonians 1:12 anaphoric? If not, what grammatical reasons deny it?
6
votes
5answers
253 views

In Hebrews 1:8-9: Is ὁ θεός nominative or vocative?

In Hebrews 1:8-9, ὁ θεός appears in the nominative spelling in both verses. The question is this; should ὁ θεός be treated as a nominative or more as a vocative of address as it is every other place ...

1
2 3 4 5
8