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Questions tagged [grammar]

Understanding the grammar of the source texts; this tag should be accompanied by the appropriate language tag.

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Genesis 2:24 - is the joining / clinging between man and wife in the active or passive tense?

Some translations of Genesis 2:24 (eg NKJV) say: Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh. While others (eg KJV) use the active ...
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1answer
26 views

Does the article get dropped off when translating the latter part of psalm 77:3 [LXX]?

A simple question: Does οἱ not get translated? Psalm 77:3 in Rahlfs' LXX: "καὶ οἱ πατέρες ἡμῶν διηγήσαντο ἡμῖν," Literal, wooden translation: "and ___ fathers our told us,"
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2answers
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What is the most accurate way to translate “ἐκ” in 1 Cor 11:28?

I have made an effort to translate the following text. 1Cor 11:28 Δοκιμαζέτω(let - prove or examine) δὲ(but) ἄνθρωπος(a man) ἑαυτόν(himself), καὶ(and) οὕτως(in-this-way) ἐκ(out) τοῦ(of ...
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1answer
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Why did St. John change from αἰτεῖν to ἐρωτᾷν in his appeal? (1 John 5:14-16)

14 And this is the confidence that we have toward him, that if we ask anything according to his will he hears us. 15 And if we know that he hears us in whatever we ask, we know that we have the ...
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2answers
80 views

What is the actual number of הַשָּׁמַיִם ( the heavens), dual or plural?

I was doing a word study on הַשָּׁמַיִם in Gen 1:1 when I came across some references which says that it is a plural noun (since the suffix is plural), but some references say that it is a dual noun. ...
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52 views

Is there a grammatical necessity for the feminine κοινωνία and masculine κοινωνός in First Corinthians?

κοινωνία a feminine noun is from κοινωνός a masculine noun. In the first letter to the Corinthians, Paul uses both words twice: κοινωνία God is faithful, by whom you were called into the ...
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1answer
85 views

How should Luke 2:2 be translated?

Luke 2:2 in the King James Version says, (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.) However, the original Greek text says, αὕτη ἡ ἀπογραφὴ πρώτη ἐγένετο ἡγεμονεύοντος ...
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In Mark 12:35, who is teaching in the temple?

In Mark 12:35-37 Jesus poses a question to a crowd, concerning the title that the scribes at Jerusalem (Gk. grammateiswhich could also mean scholars) had for the Anointed One, that being 'the son of ...
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1answer
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What is the force of the optative ἔχοι in Acts 17:11?

In the Greek, Acts 17:11 reads: οὗτοι δὲ ἦσαν εὐγενέστεροι τῶν ἐν Θεσσαλονίκῃ, οἵτινες ἐδέξαντο τὸν λόγον μετὰ πάσης προθυμίας, τὸ καθ’ ἡμέραν ἀνακρίνοντες τὰς γραφὰς εἰ ἔχοι ταῦτα οὕτως. The ...
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2answers
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In Isaiah 29:6 should פָּקַד be translated as “visited” or “inspected”?

Can the word translated as "visited" in Isaiah 29:6 be more accurately translated as "inspected" as it is translated in the Youngs Literal Translation?: YLT Isa 29:6  By Jehovah of Hosts thou art ...
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2answers
67 views

Were Rahab (Joshua 2) and the two women with the dead baby (1 Kings 3:16) really prostitutes or just inn keepers?

According to the "Treasury of Scripture" the word for "prostitute" and the word for "inn keeper" are the same word: harlots The word {zanoth}, rendered {harlots}, is here translated by the ...
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62 views

Why the second דֹּֽר in Exodus 3:15?

I'm a little confused by the second דֹּֽר in this verse, which ends the verse. וַיֹּאמֶר֩ ע֨וֹד אֱלֹהִ֜ים אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֗ה כֹּֽה־תֹאמַר֮ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ יְהוָ֞ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י אֲבֹתֵיכֶ֗ם אֱלֹהֵ֨י ...
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1answer
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What is the meaning and function of הַהִוא֒ in Exodus 3:8?

I'm translating Exodus 3:8, but I'm a bit stumped on the meaning and function of the following word: הַהִוא֒ וָאֵרֵ֞ד לְהַצִּיל֣וֹ ׀ מִיַּ֣ד מִצְרַ֗יִם וּֽלְהַעֲלֹתוֹ֮ מִן־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַהִוא֒ אֶל־...
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3answers
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How do you translate מִפְּנֵ֣י נֹֽגְשָׂ֔יו in Exodus 3:7?

I'm having some trouble translating the phrase מִפְּנֵ֣י נֹֽגְשָׂ֔יו וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוָ֔ה רָאֹ֥ה רָאִ֛יתִי אֶת־עֳנִ֥י עַמִּ֖י אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּמִצְרָ֑יִם וְאֶת־צַעֲקָתָ֤ם שָׁמַ֙עְתִּי֙ מִפְּנֵ֣י ...
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1answer
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In Psalm 40:12: is he surrounded by “evils” or by “iniquities”?

Psalm 40:12 (KJV) " For innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore ...
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Help parsing (וַיִּשְׁבֹּת֙) in Genesis 2:2

I'm working through the 'Graded Reader of Biblical Hebrew' by Van Pelt & Pratico. In the second exercise, Genesis 2:1-3, I parsed (וַיִּשְׁבֹּת֙) as Piel imperfect 3ms WC, however, the book ...
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2answers
43 views

Is 1 Cor. 6:11 singular or plural?

I don't know Greek at all. 1 Cor. 6:11 says this in the SBL Greek New Testament: 11 καὶ ταῦτά τινες ἦτε· ἀλλὰ ἀπελούσασθε, ἀλλὰ ἡγιάσθητε, ἀλλὰ ἐδικαιώθητε ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τοῦ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ καὶ ἐν τῷ ...
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3answers
88 views

What does “as” mean in Matthew 6:10?

In Mat 6:10 "as" could be "because", alternatively it could be "in the same way". Your will be done on earth because it is done in heaven, or, your will be done in the same way/as it is in heaven? ...
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195 views

Genesis 1:5 How can God call the light “Day” when light and day are two different concepts?

(Genesis 1:5) ויקרא אלהים ׀ לאור יום ולחשך קרא לילה ויהי־ערב ויהי־בקר יום אחד׃ פ (My translation of the bold part) And God called to the light, "Day" Just to make it clear, I understand that ...
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3answers
52 views

How do you translate οἱ καθ’ ἕνα? (Ephesians 5:33)

I'm having some problems understanding and translating Ephesians 5:33. 33 πλὴν καὶ ὑμεῖς οἱ καθ’ ἕνα, ἕκαστος τὴν ἑαυτοῦ γυναῖκα οὕτως ἀγαπάτω ὡς ἑαυτόν, ἡ δὲ γυνὴ ἵνα φοβῆται τὸν ἄνδρα. 33 ...
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2answers
97 views

Genesis 1:4 - “divide” or “cause to be separate”?

Genesis 1:4 וירא אלהים את־האור כי־טוב ויבדל אלהים בין האור ובין החשך׃ (How KJV translates the verse) And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. (...
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2answers
59 views

What does “ἐν ῥήματι” mean in Ephesians 5:26?

I'm trying to understand Ephesians 5:25-6 and here is my rough translation below. 25 Οἱ ἄνδρες, ἀγαπᾶτε τὰς γυναῖκας, καθὼς καὶ ὁ Χριστὸς ἠγάπησεν τὴν ἐκκλησίαν καὶ ἑαυτὸν παρέδωκεν ὑπὲρ αὐτῆς, ...
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64 views

Historical present in Genesis 1:2

Genesis 1:2 והארץ היתה תהו ובהו וחשך על־פני תהום ורוח אלהים מרחפת על־פני המים׃ (My translation of the bolded part) And darkness is on the face of the deep My question regards the bolded section ...
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2answers
130 views

In Zechariah 12:10 what is the effect of אֵת (in conjunction with “to me”)? [duplicate]

KJV Zec 12:10  And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they ...
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65 views

Why is the word 'anti' used in Ephesians 5:31 instead of 'heneka' when quoting Genesis 2:24?

Both Ephesians 5:31 and Matthew 19:5 quote Genesis 2:24: 'For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.' However in ...
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2answers
67 views

Is 1 Timothy 6:15-16 about God or about Jesus?

YLT 1Ti 6:13  I charge thee, before God, who is making all things alive, and of Christ Jesus, who did testify before Pontius Pilate the right profession,  1Ti 6:14  that thou keep the command ...
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2answers
153 views

How should Revelation 11:15 be translated (so the implied pronoun and expressed referent agree)?

Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] Rev 11:15 Καὶ ὁ ἕβδομος ἄγγελος ἐσάλπισεν· καὶ ἐγένοντο φωναὶ μεγάλαι ἐν τῷ οὐρανῷ, λέγοντες Ἐγένετο ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ κόσμου τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν καὶ τοῦ χριστοῦ αὐτοῦ,...
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1answer
54 views

In Ephesian 5:27 what does Christ “present to himself”?

I was struck with the oddness of a groom "presenting" one's bride "to himself" as it doesn't match our culture where the father of the bride "gives away" his daughter. As I looked at this familiar ...
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8answers
144 views

Which resources are essential for self-study of Biblical Hebrew? [closed]

I am a fairly new student of Biblical Hebrew. For various reasons, I am going to do this on my own, from my home. Please suggest which books I need for serious study in this area. I have Logos plus ...
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1answer
76 views

What is the significance to writing “the-light” as האור or לאור?

Hebrew lacks a definite article and "the" is indicated by prefixing a letter: And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness. (Genesis 1:4 ESV) וירא אלהים ...
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0answers
22 views

In Philippians 2:11 are “God” and “the Father” used in apposition?

Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side, with one element serving to identify the other in a different way; the two elements ...
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3answers
66 views

In Ephesians 3:17 are the saints becoming rooted and established or already rooted and established in love?

Regarding Ephesians 3:17, "And I pray that you, being rooted and established in love": 1) Was Paul saying that the Ephesians were already rooted and established in love, or was he praying that they ...
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1answer
34 views

In Romans 11:11 who is made jealous of whom?

YLT Rom 11:11 I say, then, Did they stumble that they might fall? let it not be! but by their fall the salvation is to the nations, to arouse them to jealousy; Do the fallen Jews make the ...
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1answer
79 views

Why does the ASV translate πᾶσα γραφὴ θεόπνευστος in 2 Timothy 3:16 as “every scripture inspired of God”?

The ASV's translation of 2 Tim 3:16 reads: Every scripture inspired of God is also profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for instruction which is in righteousness. What arguments ...
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3answers
65 views

Is δέ in Eph. 5:32 an adversative or copulative particle?

Eph. 5:32: This is a great sacrament; but [autem / δὲ] I speak in Christ and in the church. Some English translations say "and" instead of "but". Translating "δὲ" as "but" would seem to exclude ...
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2answers
65 views

Does the grammar of Romans 5:9 suggest from whose wrath “we will be saved”?

Romans 5:9 ends with the phrase σωθησόμεθα δι’ αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῆς ὀργῆς -- "we will be saved by him from the wrath". Most, though not all, English translations add "of God" to qualify "wrath". What ...
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2answers
84 views

What are the implications of Paul's use of the present tense of the verb δικαιόω (to justify) in Romans 3:24, 26, 28, and 4:5?

In four verses (Romans 3:24, 3:26, 3:28, and 4:5) the apostle Paul used present tense verbs when describing justification. What makes this harder is all four are either infinitives or participles, ...
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2answers
50 views

John 10:33 — Nominative vs. Accusative Nuance (θεος / θεον)

John 10:33 in the Greek reads (NA28): ἀπεκρίθησαν αὐτῷ οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι· περὶ καλοῦ ἔργου οὐ λιθάζομέν σε ἀλλὰ περὶ βλασφημίας, καὶ ὅτι σὺ ἄνθρωπος ὢν ποιεῖς σεαυτὸν θεόν. There is nothing special or ...
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1answer
136 views

A word ending in “ti”--in archaic Hebrew, who does it refer to?

In Judges 5:7 (in the song of Deborah) we find:   חָדְלוּ פְרָזוֹן בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל,  חָדֵלּוּ, עַד שַׁקַּמְתִּי דְּבוֹרָה, שַׁקַּמְתִּי אֵם בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל The archaic Hebrew word shakamti is ...
3
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1answer
186 views

What is the meaning of “Let” in the phrase “Let there be light”?

Genesis 1:3 (KJV) And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. What's the meaning of the word "let"? Is the meaning closer to: cause/effect, i.e. physics-related; or allow/permit (cf), ...
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0answers
26 views

Why does the Greek use different words for “like” in Revelation 13:11?

Westcott & Hort 1881 Καὶ εἶδον ἄλλο θηρίον ἀναβαῖνον ἐκ τῆς γῆς, καὶ εἶχεν κέρατα δύο ὅμοια ἀρνίῳ, καὶ ἐλάλει ὡς δράκων. Revelation 13:11-18 English Standard Version (ESV) The Second Beast ...
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0answers
28 views

Why does the Apostle Paul use the verb παρακαλέω twice in Phillipians 4?

KJV Philippians 4 2 I beseech Euodias, and beseech Syntyche, that they be of the same mind in the Lord. Why does the Apostle Paul use the verb παρακαλέω twice in the above text. Could it be a ...
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1answer
54 views

Should it be be ἐν or ἐστιν in Galatians 5:22 & Ephesians 5:9?

The Apostle Paul uses the verb ἐστιν when expressing the "Fruit of the Spirit" in Galatians 22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, ...
3
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1answer
60 views

“זֶה … וְזֶה” referring to the same or different entities

The construction זֶה ... וְזֶה can indicate both "one ... the other ..." and "this one ... this one", so the entity that the two זֶהs refer to can be the same or different. This is shown by Song 5:16 (...
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1answer
68 views

Ephesians 2:8, why is “πίστις” in the Genitive?

Sorry if this seems like a dumb question but I am not well versed with N.T. Greek Grammar, but I am decently versed with Germanic grammar, which is probably too different in some cases to be ...
8
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2answers
182 views

Genesis 19:13 “the cry of them” צַעֲקָתָם?

In Genesis 18:20 and 19:13 the reason is given for the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah: (Westminster Leningrad Codex interlinear with vowels) And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and ...
2
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2answers
43 views

1 Tim 6:13 - need direction for Greek grammar, please

1 Tim 6:13 in the KJV has: I give thee charge in the sight of God The Amplified (classis) reads: I [solemnly] charge you I have been studying the Bible for 40 years as a layman with no formal ...
2
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2answers
90 views

Which is the main verb of the sentence in 2 Peter 1,3-4?

I have been struggling to locate the main verb in the sentence that comprises 2 Peter 1,3-4. NA28 gives full stops at the end of verses 2 and 4. Thus, if verses 3-4 are punctuated as a complete ...
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1answer
79 views

What is the mood of {יהיו} in Psalm 19:15

יהיו לרצון they shall be of desiring/liking אםרי פי speech of my mouth והגיון לבי and reasoning/logic of my heart לפניך יי צורי וגאלי before you Hashem my rock and my redeemer. What is the ...
1
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3answers
115 views

Subjective or objective genitive found in 1 Tim 3:6?

The passage of 1 Tim 3:6 reads as follows (KJV) - Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil. μὴ νεόφυτον, ἵνα μὴ τυφωθεὶς εἰς κρίμα ἐμπέσῃ τοῦ ...