Questions tagged [grammar]

Understanding the grammar of the source texts; this tag should be accompanied by the appropriate language tag.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
2answers
25 views

Rev. 17:14b - In the context, are "those with him," called (by God, inviter) , and chosen and faithful (invitees), or called and chosen, and faithful?

Text:Rev. 17:14b (ESV): "...and those with him are called and chosen and faithful.”
4
votes
5answers
182 views

Uniquely divine begotten/born one

After reading a lot about John 1:18 lately I wondered if the verse could be translated/understood as: God no one has ever seen; the uniquely divine begotten/born one. I thought this way it could fit ...
4
votes
2answers
109 views

Does Aorist Subjunctive "might make known" in Romans 9:23 refer to the past?

I have read answers to the question posed on this site "How should "gnorise" be translated in Romans 9:23?" I would appreciate a little more insight into this Aorist Subjunctive ...
3
votes
2answers
67 views

The ‘he’ in 2 Thessalonians 2:7

2:7  τὸ γὰρ μυστήριον ἤδη ἐνεργεῖται τῆς ἀνομίας· μόνον ὁ κατέχων ἄρτι ἕως ἐκ μέσου γένηται 2 THESSALONIANS 2:7 For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only He who now restrains will do so ...
3
votes
4answers
149 views

John 1:18 can monogenes theos refer to God? [duplicate]

Apparently there are several variations of the verse from John 1:18, but the main difference between the different renderings is the μονογενὴς θεός (monogenes theos, "the only God") versus ὁ ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

(Numbers 31:18), why do translators add "for yourselves"?

Why do English translations of Numbers 31:18 add "for yourselves"? English: "But all the women children, that have not known a man by lying with him, keep alive for yourselves." ...
2
votes
2answers
36 views

Is this translation of John 19:32–34 grammatically possible?

Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs: But one ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Ephesians 2:8 What is the meaning of by grace through faith? [closed]

Ephesians 2:8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Does this verse answer the question, "Can we lose grace after receiving it?"
3
votes
2answers
49 views

Can Song 7:6 be interpreted "How beautiful you are, and how delightful you are with love in its pleasures"?

Song of Songs 7:6 reads: מַה יָּפִית וּמַה נָּעַמְתְּ אַהֲבָה בַּתַּעֲנוּגִים All translations that I've seen interpret the word אַהֲבָה (love) here as a vocative expression (referring either to the ...
5
votes
2answers
85 views

What is the best translation of the participles in the Great Commission, Matt. 28:19-20?

All the verbs in the Great Commission are participles except for μαθητεύσατε ("make disciples). For example, πορευθέντες (going) is often translated as an imperative although it is a participle. ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Why do some translations change the order of events in Joel 1:18

In the NASB95, Joel 2:18 is translated as Then the Lord will be zealous for His land And will have pity on His people. Here the NASB refers to the Lord becoming zealous/jealous and that the Lord ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

What is the difference between arcing, phrasing and diagramming?

I am trying to improve my exegesis of biblical text and am attempting to get better with hermeneutical methods as they are focussed on understanding the meaning of the text in the context of the ...
6
votes
2answers
347 views

Why in Matthew 22:8-9 does "wedding feast/ho gamos" change to "wedding feast/tous gamous"?

Matthew 22:8-9 8 Then he said to his servants, "The wedding feast [ho gamos] is ready, but those invited were not worthy. 9 Go therefore to the main roads and invite to the wedding feast [tous ...
2
votes
3answers
62 views

Why does the KJV use (singular) "cometh" as the verb for (plural) "distress and anguish" in Proverbs 1:27?

Here is the phrase in question: When distress and anguish cometh upon you.–Proverbs 1:27c KJV If I'm not mistaken, "cometh" is a singular form of the verb, equivalent to our modern-day ...
1
vote
2answers
108 views

Is it grammatically possible to translate σαββάτω as Sunday or week?

Regarding Matthew 28:1, transcribed below ipsis litteris: ὀψὲ δὲ σαββάτων τῇ ἐπιφωσκούσῃ εἰς μίαν σαββάτων ἦλθεν Μαριὰμ ἡ Μαγδαληνὴ καὶ ἡ ἄλλη Μαρία θεωρῆσαι τὸν τάφον I'm looking for an answer that ...
3
votes
3answers
105 views

Why does the Septuagint translated Psalm 99:1 with the optative?

Why did the writers of the Septuagint (LXX) choose the particular word for wrath and use the optative mood for that word (ὀργιζέσθωσαν) normally translated "angry/rage/wrath" in Psalm 99:1 - ...
5
votes
3answers
99 views

More cunning? Was the serpent really more cunning?

The direct translation of Gen 3:1 is that the serpent was cunning out of the living of the field. The word for 'beast' in our English Bibles is the Hebrew word for 'living'. The word for 'more' is ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

Pneumatology in Ephesians--what spirit enables us to know whom?

Ephesians 1:17: That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: (KJV) I keep asking that the God of our ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

Christology in Ephesians--what is meant by "the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory"?

Ephesians 1:17: That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: (KJV) I keep asking that the God of our ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

1 Peter 3:15 - Collective Plurals or Distributive Plurals?

But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear: [1 Peter 3:15 KJV] In 1 Peter ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Should the "angel of the abyss" be capitalized? [duplicate]

I am discussing the doctrine of the Jehovah's Witnesses concerning the identity of Abaddon in Revelation 9:11. The names of persons (e.g. Matthew, Mark, and Luke) along with words that are part of ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Should the "angel of the abyss" be capitalized?

I am discussing the doctrine of the Jehovah's Witnesses concerning the identity of Abaddon in Revelation 9:11. The names of persons (e.g. Matthew, Mark, and Luke) along with words that are part of ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Could Acts 12:22 be translated "of God" instead of "of a god"?

Acts 12:22 is usually translated something like "And they began to shout, “This is the voice of a god, not a man!”" Can the word translated 'of a god' (Θεοῦ, theou) instead be translated ...
-1
votes
1answer
30 views

Where to start with the Apostolic Fathers [closed]

I'm looking to start reading the Apostolic Fathers (in Koine), using Michael Holmes' The Apostolic Fathers. Which of the fathers' Greek is most accessible, or most similar to that of the New Testament?...
3
votes
2answers
552 views

Is a translation of John 1:10 with 'it' instead of 'he' and 'him' grammatically problematic?

John 1:10 is usually translated using 'he' and 'him', for example "He was in the world, and though the world was made through Him, the world did not recognize Him." (Berean Study Bible) ...
7
votes
8answers
2k views

Is it grammar or theology that causes translators to typically translate John 10:33 as "declare Yourself to be God" as opposed to "a god"?

John 10:33 is typically translated as something like "“We are not stoning You for any good work,” said the Jews, “but for blasphemy, because You, who are a man, declare Yourself to be God.”"...
3
votes
3answers
63 views

Deuteronomy 34:10

Deut 34:10 - Since that time no prophet has risen in Israel like Moses, whom the LORD knew face to face (NASB) Is the Hebrew in Deuteronomy 34:10 future tense? Meaning Jesus can’t be the prophet like ...
5
votes
2answers
174 views

Psalm 17:2 Why the Hebrew word for eyes is singular?

https://biblehub.com/psalms/17-2.htm Psalm 17:2 Let my vindication come from you; may your eyes see what is right. may Your eyes עֵ֝ינֶ֗יךָ (‘ê·ne·ḵā) Noun - cdc | second person masculine singular ...
2
votes
2answers
49 views

Matt 25:40. Can Jesus' brethren be understood to be the righteous of verse 37?

I am looking for an answer based on the structure of the original Greek. I observe in my reading of Matthew 25:31-46 that the term " my brethren " occurs only in the first passage of Jesus' ...
1
vote
2answers
131 views

Anarthrous "Son of God" in Mark 1:1 and 15:39

Mark 1:1 (ESV), 1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God... Mark 15:39 (ESV), 39 And when the centurion, who stood facing him, saw that in this way he breathed his last, he said, “...
4
votes
1answer
60 views

In Leviticus 6:2 LXX, what is the meaning of κοινωνίας?

The NLT version of Leviticus 6:2, based on the Hebrew, has this: [Lev 6:2 NLT] (2) "Suppose one of you sins against your associate and is unfaithful to the LORD. Suppose you cheat in a deal ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

In Philippians 1:5, what does Paul mean by κοινωνίᾳ?

[Phl 1:5 YLT] (5) for your contribution to the good news from the first day till now, [Phl 1:5 NIV] (5) because of your partnership in the gospel from the first day until now, [Phl 1:5 NKJV] (5) for ...
8
votes
2answers
98 views

μέν ... δέ with trailing καὶ

In English, it is idiomatic to have the word 'and' before the last item in a list, such as "I like coffee, tea, and beer" (with or without the last comma!). In Ephesians 4:11, there is a &...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Present Infinitive Active Verbs in 1 Timothy 5:14

1 Timothy 5:14 (ESV), So I would have younger widows marry, bear children, manage their households, and give the adversary no occasion for slander. The four emboldened phrases above, in Greek, are ...
3
votes
3answers
87 views

Present Infinitive Active Verbs in 1 Timothy 5:14

1 Timothy 5:14 (ESV), So I would have younger widows marry, bear children, manage their households, and give the adversary no occasion for slander. The four emboldened phrases above, in Greek, are ...
3
votes
3answers
113 views

In Revelation 7:11, who falls down and worships God?

Revelation 7:11 (CSB) All the angels stood around the throne, and along with the elders and the four living creatures they fell facedown before the throne and worshiped God, Revelation 7:11 (NIV) All ...
4
votes
2answers
72 views

The spirit but which spirit? "which" or "who/whom"?

Unlike English, other languages like Greek, Hebrews have something called "gender". That is, some nouns are masculine, others are feminine, and still, others are neuter. Something like we ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

In Habakkuk 2:2-3, is he saying that the the reading and running occur in the last days?

Habakkuk 2:2 seems to be saying that Habakkuk is to write a call to action, and it sounds like it is to be written without obscurity so the reader will immediately charge off. However, in verse 3 it ...
4
votes
2answers
74 views

Word order in subject-predicate nominative constructions

Hi I am studying the use of the nominative and especially looking at the subject-predicate nominative constructions. I read the following in Matt 6:22: Matthew 6:22 (UBS5): Ὁ λύχνος τοῦ σώματός ἐστιν ...
2
votes
3answers
135 views

Is Aramaic "bar enos," "son of man," identifiable as a definite or indefinite form? [closed]

In the written NT, "the son of man" is "ο γιος του ανθρώπου," with a definite article "ο." This would presumably be a Greek translation of an Aramaic phrase used during ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Exodus 40 difference between "thou" and "he", and the official position of Moses

My questions are in Exodus 40, from verses 2-15 the word "thou" is used and from verses 19-30 the word "he" is used is there a important distinction? Also, Moses seems to be ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

In 1 Corinthians 15:26, what is the significance of καταργεῖται ("abolish") being a present indicative instead of a future?

[1Co 15:26 NASB] (26) The last enemy that will be abolished is death. [1Co 15:26 MGNT] (26) ἔσχατος ἐχθρὸς καταργεῖται ὁ θάνατος The context of 1 Corinthians 15 is a little difficult to sort out, ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

In Acts 24:15, how should μέλλειν ἔσεσθαι be rendered?

It is generally translated as "going to be", with Young's Literal Translation being the Minority Report: https://biblehub.com/acts/24-15.htm https://www.jw.org/en/library/bible/nwt/books/...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

What is the reason for the use of different voices for the perfect in Mark 1:15?

Hi in the following verse: Mark 1:15 (UBS5): Πεπλήρωται ὁ καιρὸς καὶ ἤγγικεν ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ θεοῦ· μετανοεῖτε καὶ πιστεύετε ἐν τῷ εὐαγγελίῳ. ... has been fulfilled the time and has drawn near the ...
2
votes
2answers
190 views

In Matthew 10:25, who is Beelzebub/Beelzeboul?

[Mat 10:25 NASB] (25) "It is enough for the disciple that he become like his teacher, and the slave like his master. If they have called the head of the house Beelzebul, how much more [will they ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

Why is the perfect tense used to describe clothing for Jesus and John?

Quick question - I am learning Greek and trying to read the NT in the same. Why is the perfect tense used when describing Jesus’ (Rev 1) and John the Baptist’s clothes (Mark 1)? Specifically I am ...
5
votes
5answers
717 views

Why does Genesis 3 use male pronouns for Eve?

I came across some interesting observations of Genesis 3 recently: Genesis 3:12, "And the adam said , 'the woman whom you gave with me, HE gave [3fs] to me from the tree and I ate'" Genesis ...
5
votes
2answers
105 views

In Romans 1:18, what is the relationship between men's unrighteousness and their suppression of the truth?

How is he saying that men suppress the truth?: by being unrighteousness? motivated by unrighteousness? by wicked means? What is the function of ἐν in the sentence? [Rom 1:18 NLT] (18) But God shows ...
3
votes
4answers
314 views

Why do English bibles change "Yearn for Purity" (נַשְּׁקוּ בַר) in Psalm 2:12 to "Kiss the Son" or "Kiss his Son"?

We read in Tehillim 2:12 [MT], "Yearn for Purity, lest He be angry and your-way will perish when suddenly His-wrath will kindle. Happy [are] all who take refuge in-Him" (נַשְּׁקוּ בַ֡ר פֶּן ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

What is the status of the word "heaven" in Matthew 18:19?

ESV Matthew 18:19 "Again I say to you, if two of you may agree on earth about anything they ask, it will be done for them by my Father in heaven". The Greek ouranois is plural. 26 of 29 ...

1
2 3 4 5
9