Questions tagged [grammar]

Understanding the grammar of the source texts; this tag should be accompanied by the appropriate language tag.

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5
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2answers
77 views

A male child is born to us

Is there a difference, even very small, in the meaning of: A male child is born to us. vs A male child has been born to us. The "is born" is rather unusual in English. What is the best ...
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1answer
30 views

Rom 8:31 ?..Who can be against us? Is this a valid grammatical adjustment?

Rom 8:31 (NKJV)  What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us? Does the Greek text allow for this translation? What then shall we say to these things if God is for ...
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3answers
120 views

Could Matthew 28:18-19 be translated in the Koine Greek to be an exhortation and not a commandment as some may think?

"Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit,” Could this mean, ”while you are going out and about or while you are on ...
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2answers
83 views

In the Shema, how should we understand “with all your strength” when the Hebrew word מְאֹ֑ד is rarely used this way?

In Deuteronomy 6:5, the Hebrew text reads "and with all your might"(ESV). Most English translations take this as "strength" or "might." The LXX uses a common word for power/strength/might and Mark's ...
3
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1answer
42 views

How should the 2fs form of amar be understood in Psalm 16:2

Psalm 16:2 reads: אָמַרְתְּ לַיהוָה אֲדֹנָי אָתָּה טוֹבָתִי בַּל-עָלֶיךָ אָמַרְתְּ is 2fs in form. I was curious about how to understand this. Looking around, most translations seem to understand ...
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1answer
23 views

Is “the bread is in effect common” (1 Samuel 21:5) as translated by the NKJV accurate?

The MT reads: וַיַּ֩עַן֩ דָּוִ֨ד אֶת־הַכֹּהֵ֜ן וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ כִּ֣י אִם־אִשָּׁ֤ה עֲצֻֽרָה־לָ֙נוּ֙ כִּתְמ֣וֹל שִׁלְשֹׁ֔ם בְּצֵאתִ֕י וַיִּהְי֥וּ כְלֵֽי־הַנְּעָרִ֖ים קֹ֑דֶשׁ וְהוּא֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ חֹ֔ל ...
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3answers
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Imperfect Indicative Active in John 1:1-4

John 1:1 (ESV) 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through him, and without him was not any ...
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2answers
134 views

Faulty “covenant” or “ministry” in Hebrews 8:7?

Hebrews 8:7 refers to something with 'fault', and the referent is almost invariably indicated to be the first 'covenant' in English translations. Some of the more literal translations miss the word ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Is Jeremiah 18:2 grammatically incorrect?

This may seem like an insignificant question but I was wondering why the Hebrew "וְשָׁ֖מָּה" which is feminine appears in Jeremiah 18:2 to refer to "בֵּ֣ית" which is masculine: קוּם וְיָרַדְתָּ ...
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0answers
28 views

Should Job 22:23-25 be understood as a sequential list?

I'm a 2nd year undergrad Bible student so I haven't been able to take Hebrew so I don't know how to interpret this- don't be afraid to give me details however, I am still nerdy and like to use ...
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0answers
11 views

Emphasis in Isaiah 50:11

Does the phrase here translated - "this you shall have of mine hand" - refer to the the previous portion of the verse, or does it refer to the latter portion of the verse? Is 50:11Behold, all ye ...
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1answer
69 views

Is Noah's “youngest son” in Genesis 9:24 Ham or Canaan?

And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard: 21And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent. 22And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness ...
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2answers
29 views

Some legend with meaning of V-RAP-NPM, API-3S etc

It is difficult for me to google the meaning of such short keywords like V-RAP-NPM or API-3S etc. The following is in my bible lexicon: 1 Peter 1:8 ον(R-ASM) G3739 ουκ(PRT-N) G3756 ειδοτες G1492 ...
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2answers
49 views

In Acts 15:17 are the “remnant of men” and the “gentiles who are called by name” identical?

In the CSB it appears that they are: [Act 15:17 CSB] (17) "so the rest of humanity may seek the Lord -- even all the Gentiles who are called by my name -- declares the Lord who makes these things ...
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1answer
59 views

In Deuteronomy 8:3 why is “live” a future verb?

[Deu 8:3 ASV] (3) And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live ...
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3answers
128 views

Is Mark 12:30 explicitly saying all WILL love God?

Sorry if this question is not appropriate for this site or a'bit stupid, I don't know Greek myself, just looked at the translations on biblehub and I was wondering wether what is often translated as '...
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1answer
61 views

You all are gods vs. You all are God?

Plural Usage In the answer of Why is elohim translated as God rather than gods? the plural usage occurs because of the verb or adjective. Psalm 82:6 WLC אֲ‍ֽנִי־אָ֭מַרְתִּי אֱלֹהִ֣ים אַתֶּ֑ם ...
4
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1answer
117 views

Shouldn’t it read her tent? Genesis 9:21

In this verse the translators say that the tent belonged to Noah, ‘his tent’ but doesn't the feminine possessive suffix indicate that it should be her tent, as in his wife’s tent? “He drank of the ...
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1answer
51 views

Should “from the father” be translated instead as “beside a father” in John 1:14?

A typical translation of John 1:14-18 usually reads about like this: (John 1:14–18, ESV) And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from ...
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3answers
69 views

What is the logic used in Romans 7:1-2 to help us know our relationship with the Law?

Romans 7:1-2 Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth? 2 For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the ...
4
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1answer
36 views

Jude vs 24: who has the joy?

Jude 24 in KJV says: Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy Various English translations render this ...
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4answers
690 views

Why does Matthew 28:19 say “in the name” and then proceed to give three names?

If written out in full would this verse read "in the name of the Father, and in the name of the Son, and in the name of the Holy Spirit"? Or is there some other reason apart from trimming obviously ...
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3answers
103 views

In 1 Timothy 6:16 in what way does Jesus “have immortality” (if indeed he is the referent)?

[1Ti 6:11-16 ESV] (11) But as for you, O man of God, flee these things. Pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, steadfastness, gentleness. (12) Fight the good fight of the faith. Take hold of ...
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1answer
31 views

In Romans 2:7 what does Paul mean by “immortality” in relation to “everlasting life”?

[Rom 2:7 ESV] (7) to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life; 2:7 τοῖς μὲν καθ᾽ ὑπομονὴν ἔργου ἀγαθοῦ δόξαν καὶ τιμὴν καὶ ...
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1answer
35 views

Why is the indefinite aorist tense used in Luke 22:15 'With desire I have desired / 'Ἐπιθυμίᾳ ἐπεθύμησα?

Why is the indefinite aorist tense used in Luke 22:15 And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer... I am most interested in the hebraism used here ...
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1answer
31 views

In Hebrews 1:4 what does it mean that Jesus “inherits” a more excellent name?

[Heb 1:4 DBY] (4) taking a place by so much better than the angels, as he inherits a name more excellent than they. 1:4 τοσούτῳ κρείττων γενόμενος τῶν ἀγγέλων ὅσῳ διαφορώτερον παρ᾽ αὐτοὺς ...
3
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1answer
142 views

What does “justified in the Spirit” refer to in 1 Timothy 3:16?

What does justified in the Spirit refer to in 1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, ...
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2answers
58 views

Is there any significance to the use and placement of the definite article in the phrase “last days”?

The New Testament has the phrase "last days" 5 times. Sometimes it is written with a definite article and sometimes without. Once the article is placed before "last days" and twice between "last days."...
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2answers
61 views

What does “even as” mean in Ephesians 1:4?

Ephesians 1:3-4 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, 4 even as he chose us in him before the ...
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2answers
83 views

Biblical Hebrew, לו and Gender Agreement (Psalm 3:2)

Psalm 3:2 (WLC) רבים אמרים לנפשי אין ישועתה לו באלהים סלה׃ (My translation) They are many who say to my soul, 'There is no salvation for him with God.'" Question "Soul" (נפש) is feminine, and "...
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1answer
48 views

In Romans 1:7 KJV, why is κλητοῖς ἁγίοις translated as “called to be saints”?

[Rom 1:7 KJV] (7) To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. [Rom 1:7 MGNT] (7) πᾶσιν τοῖς οὖσιν ἐν ...
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5answers
104 views

How should Hebrews 10:13a be translated and understood?

There are several English renderings and they vary a lot. Taken very literally it seems to say "In remainder, ". Some have something along the lines of "From that time forward". NLT has "There he ...
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3answers
191 views

What is the “same veil” mentioned in 2 Corinthians 3:14

2 Corinthians 3:13-14 New King James Version (NKJV) 13 unlike Moses, who put a veil over his face so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the end of what was passing away. 14 ...
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3answers
130 views

In 1 John 1:1 should it read “the word of life” or “the living message”?

Note: I am double-posting this from my own question on B-Greek for whomever would like to follow along or participate there. mGNT 1 John 1:1-3 1 ὃ ἦν ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς ὃ ἀκηκόαμεν ὃ ἑωράκαμεν τοῖς ...
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1answer
67 views

In Romans 11:15, whose “loss” is it and whose “bounty”?

In working on a related question I realized that there it was unclear to me who was the subject and who was the object in this verse: Rom 11:15 KJV - 15 For if the casting away of them be the ...
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2answers
56 views

How often should we visit those in distress according to James 1:27?

In James 1:27 it says Pure and undefiled religion in the sight of our God and Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their distress, and to keep oneself unstained by the world. - James 1:27 ...
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1answer
47 views

In Revelation 7:12 and 7:14 is there any significant difference between the Koine Greek words ἡ and τῆς?

I understand they both translate to the article "the" but is there any significant difference between these two words? I am looking at their use in Revelation 7:12 and Revelation 7:14. Rev 7:12, ...
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4answers
177 views

“Be holy as I am holy”; why are the two words for “holy” written differently in Hebrew?

קְדֹשִׁים תִּהְיוּ: כִּי קָדוֹשׁ, אֲנִי ”Be holy for I (God) am holy" This verse in Leviticus 19:2 seems to demand that Israel should sanctify herself to the level of God’s holiness. But in ...
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3answers
59 views

Is the ESV reading of Ecclesiastes 11:5 faithful to the Hebrew?

The ESV is unlike the other translations in that it seems see "way of the spirit" as a fetal development matter which the author is using as how inscrutable are God's ways. In other translations "way ...
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1answer
30 views

Meaning of “manner” in acts 1:11

The Greek word τρόπον has different shades of meaning, What is the meaning of τρόπον as used in Acts 1:11?
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67 views

Does the wording of 1 Samuel 18:21 suggest David was already married to Merab when Saul offered him Michal?

וַיֹּ֨אמֶר שָׁא֜וּל אֶתְּנֶ֤נָּה לֹּו֙ וּתְהִי־לֹ֣ו לְמֹוקֵ֔שׁ וּתְהִי־בֹ֖ו יַד־פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים וַיֹּ֤אמֶר שָׁאוּל֙ אֶל־דָּוִ֔ד בִּשְׁתַּ֛יִם תִּתְחַתֵּ֥ן בִּ֖י הַיֹּֽום׃ (WLC) “I will give her [...
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3answers
294 views

According to Genesis 4:1f, could Cain and Abel be twins?

In English, the Bible states: 1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, 'I have gotten a man from the LORD.' 2 And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was ...
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4answers
192 views

Can a joint meaning of 'word of death' be derived for Isaiah 9:7 / 9:8 on account of the different words used in the Greek LXX and Hebrew Texts?

I would like to see some answers as to the discrepancy between the Hebrew and the LXX Greek Text concerning the subject matter of what is read in verse 8 of the KJV, but in other translations it can ...
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3answers
246 views

“From Mount Horeb” (Exodus 33:6), how should we understand the preposition “from” in context?

Exodus 33:6, וַיִּתְנַצְּלוּ בְנֵי-יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת-עֶדְיָם, מֵהַר חוֹרֵב. So the Israelites stripped off their ornaments at Mount Horeb. (NIV) The problem with the NIV's translation is that ...
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1answer
31 views

Order of action in two verses from Ephesians chapter 1 and 4

I find it hard to understand the order of action of the verbs in two separate verses from Ephisians chapter 1 and 4: Chapter 1 verses 17-18: ἵνα ὁ θεὸς τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ ὁ πατὴρ τῆς δόξης ...
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3answers
77 views

Translation of 1Peter 1 13

It is written in 1Peter chapter 1 verse 13: Διὸ ἀναζωσάμενοι τὰς ὀσφύας τῆς διανοίας ὑμῶν νήφοντες τελείως ἐλπίσατε ἐπὶ τὴν φερομένην ὑμῖν χάριν ἐν ἀποκαλύψει Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ Wherefore having girded ...
3
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1answer
48 views

Grammatical analysis of יֶ֧רֶךְ הַמִּזְבֵּ֛חַ צָפֹ֖נָה in Leviticus 1:11

If we trust Biblehub's parsing information, yerek is in the construct form, hammizbeah is in the absolute form with the definite article, and saponah is in the absolute form with a 3FS possessive ...
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2answers
84 views

Future vs Subjunctive in the promises to the seven Churches

I have a question regarding the significance of the Subjunctive tense comparing to the Future tense in examination of the promises found in the letters to the seven Churches in the Book of Revelation. ...
4
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2answers
65 views

Subject of verb וְנִרְצָ֥ה in Leviticus 1:4

(Leviticus 1:4, KJV) And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him. A priori, I would have expected the subject of ...
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2answers
40 views

1 Thessalonians 4:3 grammatical analysis: accusative or nominative?

I need a help regarding a grammatical issue in 1 Thessalonians 4:3: τοῦτο γάρ ἐστιν θέλημα τοῦ θεοῦ ὁ ἁγιασμὸς ὑμῶν ἀπέχεσθαι ὑμᾶς ἀπὸ τῆς "For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, ...