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Questions tagged [grammar]

Understanding the grammar of the source texts; this tag should be accompanied by the appropriate language tag.

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What is the logic used in Romans 7:1-2 to help us know our relationship with the Law?

Romans 7:1-2 Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth? 2 For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the ...
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Jude vs 24: who has the joy?

Jude 24 in KJV says: Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy Various English translations render this ...
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Why does Matthew 28:19 say “in the name” and then proceed to give three names?

If written out in full would this verse read "in the name of the Father, and in the name of the Son, and in the name of the Holy Spirit"? Or is there some other reason apart from trimming obviously ...
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In 1 Timothy 6:16 in what way does Jesus “have immortality” (if indeed he is the referent)?

[1Ti 6:11-16 ESV] (11) But as for you, O man of God, flee these things. Pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, steadfastness, gentleness. (12) Fight the good fight of the faith. Take hold of ...
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In Romans 2:7 what does Paul mean by “immortality” in relation to “everlasting life”?

[Rom 2:7 ESV] (7) to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life; 2:7 τοῖς μὲν καθ᾽ ὑπομονὴν ἔργου ἀγαθοῦ δόξαν καὶ τιμὴν καὶ ...
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Why is the indefinite aorist tense used in Luke 22:15 'With desire I have desired / 'Ἐπιθυμίᾳ ἐπεθύμησα?

Why is the indefinite aorist tense used in Luke 22:15 And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer... I am most interested in the hebraism used here ...
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In Hebrews 1:4 what does it mean that Jesus “inherits” a more excellent name?

[Heb 1:4 DBY] (4) taking a place by so much better than the angels, as he inherits a name more excellent than they. 1:4 τοσούτῳ κρείττων γενόμενος τῶν ἀγγέλων ὅσῳ διαφορώτερον παρ᾽ αὐτοὺς ...
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What does “justified in the Spirit” refer to in 1 Timothy 3:16?

What does justified in the Spirit refer to in 1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, ...
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Is there any significance to the use and placement of the definite article in the phrase “last days”?

The New Testament has the phrase "last days" 5 times. Sometimes it is written with a definite article and sometimes without. Once the article is placed before "last days" and twice between "last days."...
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What does “even as” mean in Ephesians 1:4?

Ephesians 1:3-4 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, 4 even as he chose us in him before the ...
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Biblical Hebrew, לו and Gender Agreement (Psalm 3:2)

Psalm 3:2 (WLC) רבים אמרים לנפשי אין ישועתה לו באלהים סלה׃ (My translation) They are many who say to my soul, 'There is no salvation for him with God.'" Question "Soul" (נפש) is feminine, and "...
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1answer
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In Romans 1:7 KJV, why is κλητοῖς ἁγίοις translated as “called to be saints”?

[Rom 1:7 KJV] (7) To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. [Rom 1:7 MGNT] (7) πᾶσιν τοῖς οὖσιν ἐν ...
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How should Hebrews 10:13a be translated and understood?

There are several English renderings and they vary a lot. Taken very literally it seems to say "In remainder, ". Some have something along the lines of "From that time forward". NLT has "There he ...
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3answers
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What is the “same veil” mentioned in 2 Corinthians 3:14

2 Corinthians 3:13-14 New King James Version (NKJV) 13 unlike Moses, who put a veil over his face so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the end of what was passing away. 14 ...
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In 1 John 1:1 should it read “the word of life” or “the living message”?

Note: I am double-posting this from my own question on B-Greek for whomever would like to follow along or participate there. mGNT 1 John 1:1-3 1 ὃ ἦν ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς ὃ ἀκηκόαμεν ὃ ἑωράκαμεν τοῖς ...
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In Romans 11:15, whose “loss” is it and whose “bounty”?

In working on a related question I realized that there it was unclear to me who was the subject and who was the object in this verse: Rom 11:15 KJV - 15 For if the casting away of them be the ...
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2answers
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How often should we visit those in distress according to James 1:27?

In James 1:27 it says Pure and undefiled religion in the sight of our God and Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their distress, and to keep oneself unstained by the world. - James 1:27 ...
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In Revelation 7:12 and 7:14 is there any significant difference between the Koine Greek words ἡ and τῆς?

I understand they both translate to the article "the" but is there any significant difference between these two words? I am looking at their use in Revelation 7:12 and Revelation 7:14. Rev 7:12, ...
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“Be holy as I am holy”; why are the two words for “holy” written differently in Hebrew?

קְדֹשִׁים תִּהְיוּ: כִּי קָדוֹשׁ, אֲנִי ”Be holy for I (God) am holy" This verse in Leviticus 19:2 seems to demand that Israel should sanctify herself to the level of God’s holiness. But in ...
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Is the ESV reading of Ecclesiastes 11:5 faithful to the Hebrew?

The ESV is unlike the other translations in that it seems see "way of the spirit" as a fetal development matter which the author is using as how inscrutable are God's ways. In other translations "way ...
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Meaning of “manner” in acts 1:11

The Greek word τρόπον has different shades of meaning, What is the meaning of τρόπον as used in Acts 1:11?
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Does the wording of 1 Samuel 18:21 suggest David was already married to Merab when Saul offered him Michal?

וַיֹּ֨אמֶר שָׁא֜וּל אֶתְּנֶ֤נָּה לֹּו֙ וּתְהִי־לֹ֣ו לְמֹוקֵ֔שׁ וּתְהִי־בֹ֖ו יַד־פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים וַיֹּ֤אמֶר שָׁאוּל֙ אֶל־דָּוִ֔ד בִּשְׁתַּ֛יִם תִּתְחַתֵּ֥ן בִּ֖י הַיֹּֽום׃ (WLC) “I will give her [...
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1answer
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According to Genesis 4:1f, could Cain and Abel be twins?

In English, the Bible states: 1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, 'I have gotten a man from the LORD.' 2 And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was ...
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Can a joint meaning of 'word of death' be derived for Isaiah 9:7 / 9:8 on account of the different words used in the Greek LXX and Hebrew Texts?

I would like to see some answers as to the discrepancy between the Hebrew and the LXX Greek Text concerning the subject matter of what is read in verse 8 of the KJV, but in other translations it can ...
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“From Mount Horeb” (Exodus 33:6), how should we understand the preposition “from” in context?

Exodus 33:6, וַיִּתְנַצְּלוּ בְנֵי-יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת-עֶדְיָם, מֵהַר חוֹרֵב. So the Israelites stripped off their ornaments at Mount Horeb. (NIV) The problem with the NIV's translation is that ...
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1answer
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Order of action in two verses from Ephesians chapter 1 and 4

I find it hard to understand the order of action of the verbs in two separate verses from Ephisians chapter 1 and 4: Chapter 1 verses 17-18: ἵνα ὁ θεὸς τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ ὁ πατὴρ τῆς δόξης ...
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Translation of 1Peter 1 13

It is written in 1Peter chapter 1 verse 13: Διὸ ἀναζωσάμενοι τὰς ὀσφύας τῆς διανοίας ὑμῶν νήφοντες τελείως ἐλπίσατε ἐπὶ τὴν φερομένην ὑμῖν χάριν ἐν ἀποκαλύψει Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ Wherefore having girded ...
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Grammatical analysis of יֶ֧רֶךְ הַמִּזְבֵּ֛חַ צָפֹ֖נָה in Leviticus 1:11

If we trust Biblehub's parsing information, yerek is in the construct form, hammizbeah is in the absolute form with the definite article, and saponah is in the absolute form with a 3FS possessive ...
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Future vs Subjunctive in the promises to the seven Churches

I have a question regarding the significance of the Subjunctive tense comparing to the Future tense in examination of the promises found in the letters to the seven Churches in the Book of Revelation. ...
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Subject of verb וְנִרְצָ֥ה in Leviticus 1:4

(Leviticus 1:4, KJV) And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him. A priori, I would have expected the subject of ...
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1 Thessalonians 4:3 grammatical analysis: accusative or nominative?

I need a help regarding a grammatical issue in 1 Thessalonians 4:3: τοῦτο γάρ ἐστιν θέλημα τοῦ θεοῦ ὁ ἁγιασμὸς ὑμῶν ἀπέχεσθαι ὑμᾶς ἀπὸ τῆς "For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, ...
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1answer
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ConjPerf vs ConjImperf vs ConsecImperf parsing

My question regards the parsing of verbs on the Biblehub website's interlinear Hebrew Bible. What do the ConjPerf/ConjImperf/ConsecImperf labels mean? Let me post an example of each, with the ...
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1answer
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Should μὴ πτοηθῆτε in Luke 21:9 be imperative instead of subjunctive?

ESV translates μὴ πτοηθῆτε "do not be terrified." HCSB "don't be alarmed" NASB95 "do not be terrified" ASV "be not terrified" NKJV "do not be terrified" Since accents and punctuation weren't in ...
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1answer
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In Acts 13:22, does “a man after my own heart” refer to David or Jesse?

After comparing 1 Samuel 13:14 with Acts 13:22, I have often wondered if Acts 13:22 means that Jesse rather than David was a man after God’s own heart. 1 Samuel 13:14 14 But now thy kingdom shall ...
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What does “into” mean in Matthew 6:13 [duplicate]

Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. What does into mean in this verse? This prayer seems to me like God by default leads us into temptation and Jesus is asking ...
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What does “for” mean in Psalm 25:11?

Psalm 25:11 For thy name's sake, O LORD, pardon mine iniquity; for it is great. What is the meaning of for in this verse? which word can be substituted instead of for to get the most accurate ...
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2answers
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What does the word “for” mean and imply in Psalms 18:17?

Psalm 18:17 He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them which hated me: for they were too strong for me. Can for in this verse be translated because? Did God deliver David because his ...
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In Psalm 23:6 why is the word God /θεοῦ added in the LXX but lacking in the Hebrew Psalm 24:6 in it's equivalent אלהים?

LXX Psa 24:6  (23:6) αὕτη ἡ γενεὰ ζητούντων αὐτόν, ζητούντων τὸ πρόσωπον τοῦ θεοῦ Ιακωβ. διάψαλμα.  Hebrew Text Psa 24:6  זה דור דרשׁו מבקשׁי פניך יעקב סלה׃  This in some ways, while it in ...
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Why does YLT change the tense of Judges 6:14

Judges 6:14 in KJV and most other translation is in future tense And the LORD looked upon him, and said, Go in this thy might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites: have ...
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Distinguishing the differences in meanings when of, by, in, through, with & for are added before the Spirit? [closed]

All taken from KJV for consistencey Romans 15:30 Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the love of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in your prayers ...
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Why is אתך in Genesis 24:40 pointed אִתָּךְ rather than אִתְּךָ?

וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָי יְהוָה אֲשֶׁר הִתְהַלַּכְתִּי לְפָנָיו יִשְׁלַח מַלְאָכוֹ אִתָּךְ וְהִצְלִיחַ דַּרְכֶּךָ וְלָקַחְתָּ אִשָּׁה לִבְנִי מִמִּשְׁפַּחְתִּי וּמִבֵּית אָבִי In context, the person being ...
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3answers
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Onward to Shinar: From the East or to the East?

Here are the choices...and of course, they are opposites: ESV Genesis 11:2 And as people migrated from the east, they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there. NET Genesis 11:2 When the ...
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2answers
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What does the lamed prefix in Song of Songs 1:3 mean?

Song of Songs 1:2-3 יִשָּׁקֵ֙נִי֙ מִנְּשִׁיקֹ֣ות פִּ֔יהוּ כִּֽי־טֹובִ֥ים דֹּדֶ֖יךָ מִיָּֽיִן׃ לְרֵ֙יחַ֙ שְׁמָנֶ֣יךָ טֹובִ֔ים שֶׁ֖מֶן תּוּרַ֣ק שְׁמֶ֑ךָ עַל־כֵּ֖ן עֲלָמֹ֥ות אֲהֵבֽוּךָ׃ (...
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1answer
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Grammatically speaking, Who is the 'father' of 1 Corinthians 4, etal?

1Corinthians 4:14 I write not these things to shame you, but as my beloved sons I warn you. 15 For though ye have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet have ye not many fathers: for in Christ ...
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1answer
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What is the significance of the aorist tense of γεννη in 1 Corinthians 4:15?

1 Corinthians 4:15 For though ye have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet have ye not many fathers: for in Christ Jesus I have begotten (ἐγέννησα) you through the gospel. Paul uses the aeorist ...
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3answers
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In Romans 16:4, does Paul thank Priscilla and Aquila or does he thank God FOR them?

[Rom 16:3-4 KJV] 3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus: 4 Who have for my life laid down their own necks: unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles. ...
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1answer
66 views

How can be translated 1Peter 3:21?

Good morning. For some time I have a question about 1 Peter 3:21. I want to know all the possibilities of translating the text to know how to interpret the text. I noticed that there are textual ...
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2answers
219 views

Grammar help please: συνεσταυρωμαι in Gal 2:20

I was looking at Galatians 2:20 - I have been crucified with Christ. (ESV version) And I wondered if there was anything in the Greek grammar that showed if "have been" indicated an action of a ...
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73 views

What is the extent of the silence commanded of women in 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 and 1 Timothy 2:11-12?

Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to be under obedience, as also saith the law. 35And if they will learn any thing, let ...
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259 views

What is Paul forbidding in 1 Timothy 2:12?

What is the right understanding of 1 Timothy 2:12 based only on grammar. Should it be understood as "I don't let any woman teach other man (adult male gender) or to have power over man(adult male ...