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Questions tagged [grammar]

Understanding the grammar of the source texts; this tag should be accompanied by the appropriate language tag.

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Does the "exception clause" in Matthew 5 and Matthew 19 permit divorce or explain culpability for adultery?

Nearly all the interpretations I've seen of the "exception clause" treat it as expressing a situation where divorce could be allowed, but I've heard another interpretation that instead ...
Jed Schaaf's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
81 views

What is the significance of the term die, die ( מוֹת מוֹת, mûṯ mûṯ) at Genesis 2:17? Die repeated twice

What is the significance of the term die, die (מוֹת מוֹת, mûṯ mûṯ) at Genesis 2:17? Die is repeated twice. Genesis 2:17 (New International Version): but you must not eat from the tree of the ...
Mike McCain's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
873 views

Why do some Bible translations differ on how Proverbs 16:31 is translated?

Some translations state that “gray hair is a crown of glory; it is found in the path of righteousness”, but other translations word it as “gray hair is a crown of glory if it is found in the path of ...
Courtney S.'s user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
26 views

Grammar of Ephesians 3:14-19 - triple "hina" clauses in Greek?

In Ephesians 3:14-19, a single sentence in Greek, Paul includes three consecutive "hina" clauses at the beginning of verses 16, 18, and the middle of verse 19 - my question is this: are ...
Cole Mizel's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
60 views

Is this Hebrews 1:2-3 translation a legitimate translation purely from a grammatical standpoint

2 In these last days he has spoken to us in his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things and through whom he created the ages. He being the radiance of the glory and the exact expression of his ...
Austin's user avatar
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-1 votes
0 answers
28 views

Vowel change in the plural form

I know that after adding "im" vowels can change, Eloah - Elohim (not Eloahim) But does this kind of changing happen in other words? Machmad - machamaddim (not machmadim) Words similar to it, ...
Гость's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
26 views

Grammatical construction of Col 1:21-23?

I am wondering about the grammar and clause construction of Colossians 1:21-23 in the Greek. Unfortunately, I do not read Bible Greek, so I am lost here. It’s my understanding that the ancient Greek ...
EdNerd's user avatar
  • 399
1 vote
1 answer
33 views

Exodus 14:23 - The Death of Pharaoh and the Singular Grammar Used

Exodus 14:23 And the Egyptians pursued and went after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. What is the grammatical reason for the plurality of ...
Katie Rose Müller's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
34 views

Relative particle

Relative particle in Hebrew is "asher" meaning "who", "whom", "which", what". Some examples: min haadamah asher ererah yahweh because of the ground which ...
Гость's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
80 views

Might Matthew 7:7 have had parallel grammar in Aramaic?

One of the things that has always bothered me slightly about Matthew 7:7 : Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you (KJV), is that the grammar ...
Peter Shor's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
120 views

2 Thes. 2.6-9; "until among the midst be fufilled"; and the coming in v9 is referring Christ; not the son of perdition. Any issues with my rendering?

I believe that 2 Thes. 2.6-9; has been mistranslated; V.7, should read "until among the mist (G3319) be fufilled (G1096)" instead of "out of the way be taken"; and "coming&...
ThatwemaybethepraiseofHisglory's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
56 views

" Then shall the wicked be revealed" 2Thes.2 .8; could the "wicked" (one ) possibly be speaking of the many?

In know (G459) is used in a singular, but I suspect that the "wicked" in this verse are a collective group, identified with a singular word. When I follow the same construction, which occurs ...
ThatwemaybethepraiseofHisglory's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
45 views

Grammar of Isaiah 44:6

I was discussing Isaiah 44:6 with a Biblical scholar who claimed that the "his" in the sentence refers back to the Lord, not to Israel. Can you comment? Thus says.... Adonai (subject 1) the ...
user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
3k views

Why does Mark identify the lake in Galilee as the "Sea of Galilee"?

In the Gospel of Mark, Jesus spends a large amount of the narrative in and around a body of water the author calls the "Sea of Galilee". Many have pointed out that there is no such body of ...
Avi Avraham's user avatar
9 votes
7 answers
479 views

What is the better rendering of colossians 2:14?

What is the better rendering of Colossians 2:14 ? KJV " blotting out the handwriting of ordinances which was against us " ESV " by canceling the record of debt that stood against us ...
user63409's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
45 views

Why seriously different translations of Deuteronomy 20:19?

I notice Deuteronomy 20:19 has quite a few different translations. An underlying reason is given in Why so many different translations of Deuteronomy 32:8? as differences in Masoretic and Septuagint ...
Michael's user avatar
  • 125
8 votes
2 answers
363 views

Why is "was" inserted into English translations of Genesis 2:9?

Almost all the English translations of Genesis 2:9 make a break between the trees for food and the other two trees, often inserting "was." Compare the translations from KJV and NKJV, which ...
Michael's user avatar
  • 125
1 vote
1 answer
76 views

Is there any linguistic precedent / justification for conflating elohim and bene'elohim?

The Hebrew terms elohim ("God") and bene'elohim ("Sons of God") both seem to have a wide range of uses in the Bible (for example, elohim can be an alternate name for Yahweh or ...
Michael's user avatar
  • 125
1 vote
1 answer
98 views

Few questions about Song of Solomon

I have compared you, my love, To my filly among Pharaoh́s chariots (Song of Solomon 1:9) Does it mean he was using chariots of Pharaoh or Pharaoh was using his horse? King James Version says “a ...
user62150's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
46 views

Why the name Shelomoth is changed to Shelomith?

This Shelomith (שלמות shelomot) and his brethren were over all the treasuries of the dedicated things which King David and the heads of fathers’ houses, the captains over thousands and hundreds, and ...
user62150's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
98 views

Grammar question

Because of the fragrance of your good ointments, Your name is ointment poured forth; Therefore the virgins love you (Song of Solomon 1:3) The word for "ointment poured forth" is שֶׁ֖מֶן (...
user62150's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
58 views

What is “plural of class”?

I was recently having a conversation and we discussed Titus 1:6. The idea of “plural of class” was applied to tekna. I was surprised, I had never heard of this type of plural. Is there such a plural? ...
Larry's user avatar
  • 17
3 votes
1 answer
49 views

Is the singular word for 'apostle' only used with a definite article in Heb.3:1?

Is Hebrews 3:1 the only instance in Scripture where the word 'apostle' (in the singular) is used with a definite article, eg "τὸν ἀπόστολον"? I was trying to see if there is any Biblical ...
G.Rassovsky's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
35 views

Does Daniel 9:27; teach two weeks, and at the half period of the second week is when he causes to cease? According to the Lo Ammi principle?

"And he will strenghthen the people of the covenant for week one and a half the week (at the half of the following), he shall cause to cease..." So here, the view is not that the sacrifices, ...
ThatwemaybethepraiseofHisglory's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
52 views

Can the nominative case justify the insertion of a definite article?

For example, In Isaiah 1:1 there is no definite article for the vision being spoken of. ὅρασις ἣν εἶδεν Ησαιας υἱὸς Αμως ἣν εἶδεν κατὰ τῆς Ιουδαίας καὶ κατὰ Ιερουσαλημ ἐν βασιλείᾳ Οζιου καὶ Ιωαθαμ καὶ ...
Sojourner97's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
135 views

What is the meaning of "wə-han" in Genesis 24:16

In Genesis 24:16 Rebekah is called "wə-han-na-‘ă-rā" or וְהַֽנַּעֲרָ֗. I know the meaning of na-‘ă-rā is maiden but i was unable to find the significance of wə-han and what that modifier (...
User880's user avatar
  • 306
2 votes
2 answers
162 views

How come, in the Hebrew, words are repeated twice, but not translated?

My question specifically concerns Daniel 9:24 where H6588 is doubled and H2856, (when using a Bible tool, but not on Blue Letter Bible). I wonder if the point of the author is being missed. I have ...
ThatwemaybethepraiseofHisglory's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
648 views

Does the use of the past tense in the verse imply that the blind man literally saw Jesus before he was healed?

John 9:37 New English Translation Jesus told him, “You have seen him; he is the one speaking with you.” Does the use of the past tense in the verse imply that the blind man literally saw Jesus ...
Betho's's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
48 views

Daneil 9:27 syntax question

I am not looking for any specific interpretation, concerning the fulfillment of this scripture, just want to know if when it says in the middle of the week, has to be the middle of the week previously ...
ThatwemaybethepraiseofHisglory's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
92 views

Does "the apostles" convey something different than "apostles" in the New Testament?

The New Testament regularly refers to a group known as "the apostles", using an article, e.g. οἱ ἀπόστολοι A couple examples: 14 Which when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard of, they ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
1k views

1 Timothy 3:16 – How can the relative pronoun in Greek - Ὃς - which means “who, which, that” etc., be translated as “He”?

English Standard Version Great indeed, we confess, is the mystery of godliness: He was manifested in the flesh, vindicated by the Spirit, seen by angels, proclaimed among the nations, believed on in ...
Nephesh Roi's user avatar
  • 1,205
1 vote
1 answer
74 views

Isaiah 33:2 & Isaiah 33:6 deeper understanding as to why there is an strange choice when it comes to the possessive adjective & pronouns

I might be getting too nitty-gritty or nit-picky. However, I’m trying to get a deeper understanding as to why there is an strange choice in some translations when it comes to the possessive adjective ...
user1338998's user avatar
  • 3,560
3 votes
4 answers
678 views

Romans 10:13 - How long does it take to get saved when someone calls on the name of the Lord? (aorist, middle, subjunctive)

Romans 10:13 NIV 84 For everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved. πᾶς γὰρ ὃς ἂν ἐπικαλέσηται τὸ ὄνομα κυρίου σωθήσεται. [GNT] ἐπικαλέσηται This question is about the aorist tense of ...
Gregory Norton's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
231 views

What is the significance of the omission of the article in Son of Man in John?

John uses the phrase Son of Man twelve times. Ten are spoken by Jesus and two by the crowd: John 12:34 ESV So the crowd answered him, “We have heard from the Law that the Christ remains forever. How ...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
102 views

What does it mean to believe, faith, trust and confidence? [closed]

Whenever I look up dictionary definitions for faith it says faith means to trust I look up definition for trust it means confidence...the definition of confidence says trust or faith...the definition ...
Aryan anand's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
35 views

Are the Prayer Requests of 1 Kings 8:31-52 grammatically subordinate to the "requests" of 1 Kings 1:25-26

I'm a beginning exegete and I'm trying to determine, are the prayer requests of 1 Kings 8:31-52 grammatically subordinate to the "requests" of 1 Kings 1:25-26? Verses 25-26 where Solomon ...
Gravada's user avatar
  • 21
4 votes
2 answers
234 views

Agreement of subject and verb in Luke 11:41

Why is the verb in Luke 11:41 singular, when "all things" is plural? How - if at all - does that lack of agreement affect the possible meaning of the sentence? But rather give alms of such ...
HAT's user avatar
  • 43
1 vote
1 answer
112 views

Two questions about the use of "eternal" (αἰώνιος, aiōnios) in Jude 1:7

Jude 1:7 ends with "are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.", which in the original Greek is: English Greek Romanized Strong's Root Romanized Grammar are set ...
Ray Butterworth's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
100 views

Does the Hebrew in Daniel 7:13 indicate an analogy?

In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence. (NIV) I don't know ...
Garrett Anderson's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
181 views

Should Genesis 6:2 be translated, the "sons of God" or the "sons of the gods"?

I noticed the definite art. before Elohim in this verse, which I thought was common knowledge that whenever the definite art is before Elohim, it references other spiritual entities. Genesis 6:2 RSV ....
ThatwemaybethepraiseofHisglory's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
73 views

Eph.1:6 "in the beloved", or "to love"?

1:6 εἰς ἔπαινον δόξης τῆς χάριτος αὐτοῦ ἧς ἐχαρίτωσεν ἡμᾶς ἐν τῷ ἠγαπημένῳ unto the praise of the glory of His grace, in which He has engraced us to love.. Anything wrong with this translation?
ThatwemaybethepraiseofHisglory's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
86 views

Are the Isaiah 16:2 's "daughters of Moab" reference the same as the "outcasts" in Isaiah 16:3 & Isaiah 16:4?

Just a follow-up question spawned out of (Isa 16:4) Are the refugees Moabites Or Israelites? ( & contextual consequences of choosing each translation & conjunctional phrases involved)? Isaiah ...
user1338998's user avatar
  • 3,560
1 vote
2 answers
79 views

(Isa 16:4) Are the refugees Moabites Or Israelites? ( & contextual consequences of choosing each translation & conjunctional phrases involved)?

(Remotely Related: Are the Isaiah 16:2 's "daughters of Moab" reference the same as the "outcasts" in Isaiah 16:3 & Isaiah 16:4? ) It may seem that this posting has too ...
user1338998's user avatar
  • 3,560
3 votes
2 answers
95 views

What is Jesus sending the multitude away from?

I have been comparing and contrasting the two feedings of the multitudes. I’ve observed that the term “Apoluo” or “send away” is used 4 times between the two feedings. Mark 6:36 Mark 6:45 Mark 8:3 ...
solidhollow's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
45 views

Codex Sinaiticus strange spelling for some verb endings

I have been studying Codex Sinaiticus and there is a very consistent pattern of spelling some verb endings with -αι instead of an expected -ε (as is also given in modern printed texts): Luke 30:30 ...
Fraser Orr's user avatar
6 votes
6 answers
659 views

What does "purpose/prothesin" mean in Romans 8:28?

Romans 8:28 "And we know that for those who love God all things work together for good, for those who are called according to his purpose." ESV. My emphasis. [purpose/prothesin]. What is ...
C. Stroud's user avatar
  • 10.1k
1 vote
3 answers
123 views

Who is being addressed in Ephesians 1:1?

The letter to the Ephesians begins with the phrase "...to the saints who are in Ephesus, and faithful in Christ Jesus." This question considers the manuscript evidence surrounding the words ...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
57 views

Rule for Waw with dagesh or not? [closed]

I'm reading through my Hebrew. And I'm bumping into waws with dageshes in the middle of them and others without. Way back in class I remember that there was a rule for this. But I can't remember what ...
Epimanes's user avatar
  • 2,313
2 votes
3 answers
163 views

He saved, shall be saved, or saves us. How should (G4982) be translated in Titus 3:5?

When it says in this verse "He saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the holy ghost" following this theme of washing and renewing, those scriptures speak of a process (...
ThatwemaybethepraiseofHisglory's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
110 views

How should we understand the use (G3588) in Eph.1:10?

When it says in Eph.1:10: unto a dispensation of the fulness of the seasons, to... Can it be understood as: unto a dispensation of the fullness, the seasons to ... Having the meaning of the ...
ThatwemaybethepraiseofHisglory's user avatar

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