Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [historical-criticism]

Investigation of the origin of a particular text and the historical context in which it was created. Sometimes called "higher criticism".

5
votes
1answer
131 views

How historical-critical biblical scholars calculate the 490 year prophecy in Daniel 9?

Introduction The accepted date of authorship by critical scholars for the visions in Daniel (7-12) is the second century BC (Maccabean revolt 167-3 BC). The reasoning goes that the predictions in ...
5
votes
5answers
168 views

In John 1:36 what is the background of the term “Lamb of God”?

John 1:36 King James Version (KJV) 36 And looking upon Jesus as he walked, he saith, Behold the Lamb of God! No one seems bewildered by this designation. Was it an idiom, a recognized concept in ...
1
vote
3answers
216 views

How can we trust the Gospels if nobody was there to witness? [closed]

I am reading the Gospels and sometimes I wonder how can some stories have been recorded and then written down. The case is when Jesus is basically by himself and nobody there to witness or when he is ...
6
votes
1answer
99 views

Were Bela and Balaam originally the same person?

Genesis 36.31-32 (NRSV) These are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom, before any king reigned over the Israelites. Bela son of Beor reigned in Edom, the name of his city being Dinhabah. ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

In Genesis 1:29 why was Abel a shepherd when vegetation was the only permitted food? [duplicate]

According to Gen 1:29-30 and Gen 3:18b, God had given green herbs as mankind's food both before and after the fall. Before the curse: Genesis:1.29 And God said, "See, I have given you every herb ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

In Jeremiah - Who is the “Queen of Heaven”?

In Jeremiah - Who is the "Queen of Heaven"? Is this a reference to a god in chaldea or somewhere else? NKJV, Jeremiah 44:25 - Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, saying: ‘You and your ...
1
vote
4answers
321 views

Why does the NIV translate 2 Thessalonians 2:2 as “the day of the Lord”?

What is the meaning of “the day of Christ” as found in several New Testament passages? Using the KJV, it is specifically referenced in 1 Corinthians 1:8, 5:5, 2 Corinthians 1:14 and 2 Thessalonians 2:...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

How far was a “Sabbath's Day Journey”?

From the information in Acts, what is the least amount of distance the disciples might have traveled, in order to get an idea of what they thought a "Sabbath's Day Journey" was? NKJV, Acts 1:12 - ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Are there any Architectural Similarities between Herod's and Ezekiel's Temples?

Closely Related: - In Luke, Was Jesus Dedicated in the Second Temple, or Third? NKJV, Ezekiel 43:10 - “Son of man, describe the temple to the house of Israel, that they may be ashamed of their ...
3
votes
3answers
240 views

Luke 23:3 - Why Wasn't Jesus' Claim to be King Unlawful?

NASB, Luke 23:3 - So Pilate asked Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” And He answered him and said, “It is as you say.” After this, Pilate said, "I find no fault in him." But later, Pilate ...
4
votes
3answers
386 views

Luke 1 - What time of the year were John and Jesus born?

Question : Given the specific details from the passages, is it possible to infer an approximate time of the year when John and Jesus were born? Or, are certain times of the year excluded by the text?...
1
vote
0answers
131 views

1 Samuel 20:18: How was the First of the Month / New Moon Determined?

Closely Related: • Judaism.SE/How was Rosh Chodesh determined, if a New Moon Cannot be Seen? • Calculating months and weeks in the Mosaic Law • Astronomy.SE/How Soon Could a Waxing Crescent Moon Be ...
12
votes
6answers
1k views

John 1:1 - How would Λόγος (Logos) be understood in Hellenistic philosophy?

In John 1:1 (NIV, KJV, ESV, NASB, RSV, ASV, NRSV), the text is often translated as something close to In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. "the Word" as ...
6
votes
1answer
153 views

Did Luke have a priestly source?

Luke begins with several events that take place at the Temple: Angel appearing to Zechariah in the Holy Place [Luke 1:5-25] - Jesus' circumcision [Luke 2:21] The presentation in the Temple [...
2
votes
1answer
743 views

What about Psalm 29, specifically, makes somes scholars think it was originally a hymn to Ugaritic Baal?

I'm currently reading the Introduction of Stories from Ancient Cananan, eds. Coogan and Smith, and it gives several examples of how Canaanite gods and goddesses appear in several passages of the ...
0
votes
1answer
805 views

What is the best book(s) giving an unbiased guide to Biblical interpretation for beginners? [closed]

I'm looking for a guide to interpreting the Bible as it was meant to be interpreted by its original audience, and perhaps something that details how the Bible came to be what it is today. Although ...
6
votes
2answers
280 views

Multiple conflated sources or literary device in Jesus' Farewell Discourse?

In the Gospel of John, during Jesus' Farewell Discourse during his last meal with his disciples (chapters 13-17), the following statements are present in the account: Simon Peter said to him, "Lord,...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Matthew vs Levi in the Gospel according to Matthew

Referring to: Matthew 9:9 - "a man called Matthew" Mark 2:14 - "Levi the son of Alphaeus" Luke 5:27 - "a tax collector named Levi" Is it widely regarded that Levi and Matthew are the same person ...
14
votes
2answers
380 views

How can we determine the author's intent in listing various ages in Genesis?

I believe some of the ages given in Genesis are historical, but am one of many who happens to think the earliest ages might be symbolic (example source). If this were to be the case that leaves us ...
8
votes
4answers
18k views

What was Malachi's meaning in “The sun of righteousness” vs the sun gods of his day?

In Malachi 4:1-3 (Tanach 3:19-21) It is interpreted as 'sun' (Shemesh) and then talks of the 'wings' (Kanaph) using the Hebrew words. When looking at the history and the pagan gods of that day, they ...
16
votes
5answers
6k views

Can John's Passion chronology be reconciled with that of the Synoptics?

Background: Over the centuries, many readers of the four Gospels have seen significant discrepancies between John and the Synoptics, particularly with regards to chronology. This has led many to ...
7
votes
5answers
6k views

What, if any, is the significance of the color of the cord that Rahab hung out of her window?

Joshua 2 describes Rahab's concealment of the Hebrew spies. Vv. 18 Unless, when we enter the land, you have tied this scarlet cord in the window through which you let us down, and unless you have ...
7
votes
1answer
228 views

What language was Tobit originally written in?

According to the Jewish Encyclopedia entry on Tobit: The text exists in Greek, Latin, Syriac, and Judæo-Aramaic, besides two late Hebrew translations. It concludes: The excellent Greek style of ...
6
votes
2answers
11k views

What are higher and lower criticism?

What is historical criticism (also known as higher criticism)? What is textual criticism (also known as lower criticism)? How can they help us understand the scriptures? How can they interefere with ...
14
votes
2answers
9k views

What is the difference between historical-grammatical and historical criticism?

The historical-grammatical method and historical criticism are both hermeneutical approaches seeking to uncover the original meaning of the text. What is the difference between the two?