What does justified in the spirit refer to in 1Timothy 3:16
According to the book "Truth in Translation" by Jason David BeDuhn , an associated professor of religious studies at Nothern Arizona University, a correct rendering is that of the NRSV which follows Paul's language without tempering with its meaning. (The NRSVACE, NCV and NRSV also follow the same rendering). He writes that there is no reason to think that "Holy Spirit" is involved in this passage. The parallel that is drawn with "in flesh" rules out such rendering.
1 Timothy 3:16 (NRSV)
16 "Without any doubt, the mystery of our religion is great: He was
revealed in flesh, vindicated in spirit, seen by angels, proclaimed
among Gentiles, believed in throughout the world, taken up in glory."
A similar verse is that of 1 Peter 3:18 , the majority of translations render it as :
1 Peter 3:18 (NRSV)
18 "For Christ also suffered[a] for sins once for all, the righteous
for the unrighteous, in order to bring you[b] to God. He was put to
death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit,"
Jesus Christ by being faithful to the end , was made "alive in the spirit" was given immortality, declared righteous for the unrighteous, exalted to a higher position, sat at the right hand of God in heavens ,and so has set pattern for others to follow. Compare verses below.
1 Corinthians 15:42,45 (NRSV)
42 "So it is with the resurrection of the dead. What is sown is
perishable, what is raised is imperishable.45 Thus it is written, “The
first man, Adam, became a living being”; the last Adam became a
1 Timothy 6:16 (NRSV)
16 "It is he alone who has immortality and dwells in unapproachable
light, whom no one has ever seen or can see; to him be honor and
eternal dominion. Amen."
Philippians 2:9-11 (NRSV)
9 "Therefore God also highly **exalted him and gave him the name that is
above every name,**10 so that at the name of Jesus every knee should
bend in heaven and on earth and under the earth, 11 and every tongue
should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the