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YLT Rom 11:11 I say, then, Did they stumble that they might fall? let it not be! but by their fall the salvation is to the nations, to arouse them to jealousy;

Do the fallen Jews make the gentiles jealous or do the newly saved gentiles make the Jews jealous?

  • How would jealous gentiles fit into the context? – Perry Webb Apr 27 '18 at 23:17
  • @PerryWebb This might be a greek question. I'll add a tag. Thanks. – Ruminator Apr 28 '18 at 0:57
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In this case the syntax is clear:

ἀλλὰ τῷ αὐτῶν παραπτώματι ἡ σωτηρία τοῖς ἔθνεσιν εἰς τὸ παραζηλῶσαι αὐτούς.

but by their (masc) trespass the salvation [came to] the gentiles (neut) in order to provoke them (masc) to jealousy

As you can see, the masculine referent is the Jews ("Israel", from v. 7); thus, αὐτούς refers to the Jews. The distinct neuter masculine accusative pronoun αὐτά would be used if the antecedent were the neuter noun ἔθνη (gentiles).

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