This is a mild suspicion I've held for a while, and on occasion I will attempt a search to see if any scholars have expressed the view, but so far I have found nothing other than generic bible verse cross-references in footnotes (i.e. only noting conceptual or verbal parallels, not literary dependence).1
The reason for my suspicion is predicated on:
- In the critical perspective, 2 Peter (circa AD 100-150) is unanimously considered to be dependent on 1 Peter (c AD 80-85) and Jude (c AD 90-120) to some degree, and by proxy of those two texts, to be dependent on 1 Enoch as well. Given 2 Peter's footing in the apocalyptic genre, it seems natural the author would be familiar with the Revelation as well, given that it was written in the same time period as two other sources 2 Peter used.
- The Revelation promises 'the star of the dawn' as a reward for those who endure in their faith to the eschaton (2.28), while 2 Peter promises '(the) Morning Star' (1.19) in a similar eschatological context. The language isn't identical — τὸν ἀστέρα τὸν πρωϊνόν in Revelation, φωσφόρος in 2 Peter — but the author of 2 Peter has shown himself to filter his sources through his own wording and the referent appears to be the same.
- The Revelation mentions a thousand years (20.4-6), a judgment of works involving destructive fire (20.9-15), and the creation of a new heaven and earth (21.1). Likewise, 2 Peter mentions a thousand years (3.8), a judgment of works involving destructive fire (3.7,10,12), and the creation of a new heaven and earth (3.13). Revelation 20-21 and 2 Peter 3 each contain a very similar matrix of millennium - judgment fire - new creation.
It seems a long-shot. Admittedly, the first point is a general recognition of the apocalyptic mode of thought in the two books, and the second point is circumstantial. However, read in light of the third point, 2 Peter seems closer to the Revelation than might initially be expected.
So, my overall question is: What evidence, if any, is there of 2 Peter's direct literary dependence on the Revelation? If there is no evidence of direct literary dependence, are there any texts predating, or contemporary to, 2 Peter and Revelation that could explain their independent use of the same matrix of millennium - judgment fire - new creation? Have any scholars tackled the idea, either to support it or criticize it? What was their argumentation?
(In crude terms, my question might be simplified as: In the same way 2 Peter worked with a copy of Jude, and the Shepherd of Hermas worked with a copy of the Revelation, did the author of 2 Peter work with a copy of the Revelation?)
1 I've tried scraping JSTOR and Google Scholar with various permutations of the keywords — literary, dependence, 2 Peter, apocalypse, revelation, John, millennium — with no results addressing my question, or instead arguing about literary dependence of 2 Peter and the Revelation of Peter.
I've also looked in a handful of commentaries via Google for either book, in addition to general study books (Ehrman's _Introduction to the New Testament_, and the Oxford Annotated NRSV). So far this has produced nothing, with the sole exception of a footnote for 2 Peter 3.13 in the Jewish Annotated New Testament, which says rather simply, 'Isa 65.17; 66.22; Rev 21.1 (though there is no evidence that the author of 2 Peter knows Revelation).' This scant parenthesis (which cites no sources), though, is hardly the level of attention I'd like to find, if there is anything to find.