Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree” (Gal 3:13 ESV)
This verse has always intrigued me, especially the way the word “curse” is used. I know that the Law is as Paul says in Romans 7:2 (ESV)
So the law is holy, and the commandment is holy and righteous and good.
So then in which way , I asked myself was the Law a curse ? I concluded that it must refer to the reference found in 1 Cor 15:56 (ESV)
The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law.
Which meant that the Law though not itself a curse caused the sin which lay dormant in the flesh to manifest, that this was in fact the curse. As Paul illustrated in Romans 7:7 to 9 (ESV),
What then shall we say? That the law is sin? By no means! Yet if it had not been for the law, I would not have known sin. For I would not have known what it is to covet if the law had not said, “You shall not covet.” But sin, seizing an opportunity through the commandment, produced in me all kinds of covetousness. For apart from the law, sin lies dead. I was once alive apart from the law, but when the commandment came, sin came alive and I died.
I then turned back to Gal 3:13 and decided to investigate the word “curse” in the Greek. And this is what I found, the word “curse” (κατάρας; lexical form = κατάρα), according to a Word Study said the following; 2671 katára (from 2596 /katá, "according to, down" and 685 /ará, "a curse") – properly, what has "to go down" (penalties received) due to condemnation, i.e. the penalty-curse that results when God Himself curses (condemns) something.
Could this be a reference to the Old Testament blessing and cursing found in Deu 28:15 (ESV)?
But if you will not obey the voice of the LORD your God or be careful to do all his commandments and his statutes that I command you today, then all these curses shall come upon you and overtake you.
And so finally to my question: is the word “curse” (κατάρα) according to the Greek in Gal 3:13, “the holistic list of curses” that Deu 28:15 talks about (note that κατάρα is a noun and indicates that it is a reference to something specific) that Christ has redeemed us from, or is it referring to the manifestation of sin in the presence of the Law, or is it both?
Please note that I am not trying to formulate or espouse doctrine (that is personal),but am interested in word usage only.