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Mark 12:25 (NASB):

25 For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven.

Does the verse above imply that those who attain eternal salvation will lose their gender and become gender-neutral angelic beings at the resurrection? If so, why were humans not created gender-neutral from the very beginning? Was sexual reproduction designed to last for a period of time and then disappear?

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  • What do you mean by 'gender'? Is it a psychological property, biological sex, personal choice, something else? Mar 11 at 19:53
  • @AnthonyBurg - Good point. At the very least I mean biological sex, but I'm open to answers that want to make the definition broader. Mar 11 at 19:58
  • You think there is biology in heaven? Mar 11 at 20:09
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    @TheChaz2.0 - not sure. 1 Cor 15:44 talks about spiritual bodies: 44 it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. How does that work? No idea. Mar 11 at 20:11
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They will neither marry, nor be given in marriage. But there is a marriage union, for the Lamb and his wife are married, a spiritual union that is eternal. Christ and his Bride: the Head and the Body, Revelation 21:9. God dwelling in and among his people, 2 Corinthians 6:16, Revelation 21:3.

For ever.

But what Jesus does not say, precisely, is that there will be neither male nor female. What the resurrection body is, exactly, is not yet known. The subject is left open, for we are yet in the body and we are, for now, in the form that we are in.

God's purpose was ever the same, 'to bring many sons to glory', Hebrews 2:10, through redemption, they being 'chosen before the foundation of the world', Ephesians 1:4.

The whole creation was a means to an end. God's purpose never was in the first man, who is of the earth, earthy, 1 Corinthians 15:47. The Tree of Life was in the midst, in the beginning, Genesis 2:9. The first, earthy, humanity did not partake of it. And, after the transgression, was prevented from ever doing so, Genesis 3:22.

God's purpose ever was 'in the second man, the last Adam, the quickening Spirit, the Lord from heaven', 1 Corinthians 15:44. And ever was in sonship, through redemption, Hebrews 2:10, in a new creation . . . .

. . . . for, 'old things are passed away', 2 Corinthians 5:17.

'Behold, I make all things new'.

=====================================================================

Additional (given as comment, below)

The creation is an expression of whom and what God is. And in it all we can see (if we have an eye to see it) his ultimate purposes, already expressed, but not yet spiritually fulfilled.

In his wisdom, God knew what created creature (serpent, woman and man) would do, It was inevitable. But, despite this, Deity, in unanimous counsel, determined redemption in foreknowledge.

For God's ultimate desire and purpose was to share his glory with sons, corporately, in one body.

This, I find truly breathtaking. The love of God determined to share Himself with others yet [to be] born.

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  • In other words, the fall was part of the plan. God knew from the beginning that the first Adam would fall and that there would be a need for a second (and last) Adam. And sex was designed to be symbolic of the marriage between the Church and the second Adam, way before the fall. Would this be a fair interpretation of what you said? Mar 11 at 21:35
  • @SpiritRealmInvestigator The creation is an expression of whom and what God is. And in it all we can see (if we have an eye to see it) his ultimate purposes, already expressed, but not yet spiritually fulfilled. In his wisdom, God knew what created creature (serpent, woman and man) would do, It was inevitable. But, despite this, Deity, in unanimous counsel, determined redemption in foreknowledge. For God's ultimate desire and purpose was to share his glory with sons, corporately, in one body. This, I find truly breathtaking. The love of God determined to share Himself with others yet unborn.
    – Nigel J
    Mar 11 at 22:29
  • @SpiritRealmInvestigator man was told to procreate prior to Adam’s sin. Procreation is independent to the first fall. Mar 11 at 23:53
  • @NihilSineDeo - I agree. But then it has to be a temporary mission, right? If Adam sins, the mission ends with the resurrection. If Adam doesn't sin, the mission ends with overpopulation. Either way, it's temporary, isn't it? Mar 11 at 23:58
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The answer to the question is NOT recorded. What is recorded, according to Jesus' words is that procreation will be unnecessary.

For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. (Mark 12:25)

Whether there will be sex or something even better we do not know. However, we do know that after the resurrection we will have heavenly bodies (whatever that means)

There are also heavenly bodies and earthly bodies. But the splendor of the heavenly bodies is of one degree, and the splendor of the earthly bodies is of another. 1 Cor 15:40

Thus, we will have different bodies which means that our earthly bodies were a temporary design.

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  • If Adam had not fallen, would there have been no need for resurrection and new bodies? Or was Adam's fall always part of the plan? Mar 11 at 21:39
  • @SpiritRealmInvestigator - I cannot believe that Adam's fall was part of the original plan. Further, it does not follow that an unfallen Adam would NOT need a new body sometime if he entered a different world. However, this is speculative and so we are on shaky ground, Scripturally.
    – Dottard
    Mar 11 at 21:43
  • But, if male and female genders are symbolic of the union between Jesus and the bride, doesn't that mean that God foreknew the fall, and the need for a Savior, and the resurrection, and the wedding of the Lamb? That sounds like everything was part of the plan. Mar 11 at 21:49
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    @SpiritRealmInvestigator - wise choice
    – Dottard
    Mar 11 at 21:57
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    @AnthonyBurg - perhaps you are correct. However, I believe heaven will involve much more than communion with God - it must also entail communion with each other in some way, else we will be isolated from each other
    – Dottard
    Mar 12 at 6:59
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It seems the important point re angels isn't lack of biological sexing (does an angel have a sex? I don't know) but immortality. This exchange between Jesus and the Sadducees is in all 3 synoptic Gospels (starting at Mark 12:18, Matthew 22:23, and Luke 20:27), but Luke gives the most detail. Compare Luke to Mark.

Jesus in Luke says

"The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage. But those who are considered worthy to share in the age to come and in the resurrection from the dead will neither marry nor be given in marriage. In fact, they can no longer die, because they are like the angels. And since they are sons of the resurrection, they are sons of God." (Berean Study Bible)

The term translated 'because' here is the ancient Greek word gar, which means

"Strong's Greek 1063: For. A primary particle; properly, assigning a reason."

In Luke, therefore, the logical progression seems to be

  1. Resurrected humans are like angels
  2. Therefore, they are immortal.
  3. Therefore, they will not marry.

In Mark, the logical progression seems to be a bit different.

"When the dead rise, they will neither marry nor be given in marriage. Instead, they will be like the angels in heaven."

  1. Resurrected humans are like angels
  2. Therefore, they will not marry.

So Mark is skipping point 2. in Luke, and goes straight to point 3. The point about marriage has to do with immortality, not sexing, at least directly.

Remember that marriage here is Levirate marriage, and has to do with the continuation of the Jewish people. It is in certain aspects different from Christian marriage nowadays.

This is basically all Jesus says about resurrection bodies in the Gospels!

The other evidence we have is Jesus' resurrected body. When Mary Magdalene meets Jesus, nothing is recorded about him not appearing to be male. All the accounts say nothing of this, and all appear compatible with Jesus' body being male.

Having said that, it's possible Jesus' resurrection body will be different from ours, or became different after his ascension. We do not know.

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Ye do err, not understanding the scriptures nor the power of God.

The scripture they didnt understand was the part about Moses supposedly telling brothers to marry their sister in law. In reality Moses never said anything of the sort. He commanded brothers to financially support their sister in law if her husband died and she didnt have male children old enough to inherit the property.

Verse 25 is Jesus' attempt to explain what Moses really said and how they werent commanded to get married.

Mark 12:25 For when [at the funeral] from [before] the dead they (his wife and his brothers) rise neither do they marry nor are given in marriage but are like the angels in the heavens.

Many people mistakenly think that verse 25 is about the resurrection of the dead but we know that cant be the case because verse 26 begins with "BUT about the resurrection of the dead". Verse 25 is about people getting married (or rather not getting married) here on Earth.

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  • I do not see how this answers the question, myself.
    – Nigel J
    Mar 11 at 21:07
  • The question was "Does the verse above imply that those who attain eternal salvation will lose their gender"? I answered that question completely
    – R. Emery
    Mar 11 at 21:09
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    I don't understand your interpolation of the text above. Could you write what you think an accurate paraphrase of Mark 12:24-27 is? Mar 11 at 22:15
  • I see no way of making it any clearer. What part do you not understand?
    – R. Emery
    Mar 11 at 22:19
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    "For at the funeral before the dead his wife and his brothers rise neither do they marry nor are given in marriage"? Mar 11 at 22:21
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A “spiritual body” could just refer to a body of translucent spiritual matter, and have nothing to do with the promised resurrection of the physical body, which is a “house” for that spiritual translucent body.

Furthermore, Heaven is according to Rev 21:1 a planet. If people are going to live forever on this planet, procreation can not exist, because overpopulation would soon occur. A lot of people get born + nobody dies = overpopulation. That doesn’t mean that our bodies have to be different than what they are now. Only that no procreation occur.

Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. (Rev 20:14, NIV)

they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life. (Mat 25:46, NIV)

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