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What does Peter mean by invoking Psalm 110 in his sermon in Acts 2?

For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says,
     “‘The Lord said to my Lord,
     “Sit at my right hand,
     until I make your enemies your footstool.”’ (Acts 2:34, ESV)

Who are the two “Lords,” and how does this work in Peter’s argument?


Please note, there is another Q&A focusing on the Psalm in the context in which it was written: What does “The Lord said to my Lord” mean in Psalm 110?

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In Hebrew, the first "Lord" is Yahweh (God's name), and the second "Lord" really means Lord. So the text is "Yahweh said to my Lord."

The way Peter uses the words in Acts 2:34 seems to indicate that the second Lord is the Messiah. This is also corroborated by Matthew 22:42-45.

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God made a promise to King David that one of his sons/kinsman would always reign on the throne.

2 Samuel 7:16 (NASB) 16 "Your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me forever; your throne shall be established forever."'"

But it's even more profound than that as God gives King David even more detail that Christ would be Prophet, Priest and King:

Psalm 110:4 (NASB) 4 The LORD has sworn and will not change His mind, "You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek."

The two Lord's being, the Father and Son. It works perfectly in Peter's argument that the man who was crucified was their King annointed by God.

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