Questions tagged [nt-use-of-hebrew-bible]

Questions concerning how authors and speakers in the New Testament books quote or use parts of the Hebrew Bible.

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Is Revelation 17:5 alluding to Daniel 2:18?

[Rev 17:5 ESV] (5) And on her forehead was written a name of mystery: "Babylon the great, mother of prostitutes and of earth's abominations." [Dan 2:18 ESV] (18) and told them to seek mercy from ...
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Is James 5:19-20 an allusion to Job 33:23-30?

[Jas 5:13-20 NLT] (13) Are any of you suffering hardships? You should pray. Are any of you happy? You should sing praises. (14) Are any of you sick? You should call for the elders of the church to ...
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In Luke 2:21-24 what is the prophetic significance of Mary buying her firstborn son back from the LORD?

[Luk 2:21-24 NASB] (21) And when eight days had passed, before His circumcision, His name was then called Jesus, the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb. (22) And when the days ...
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In Matthew 8:17 is he saying that Jesus fulfilled Isaiah 53:4 by healing some people or by taking away all disease from his people?

Working only inductively from the text... In Matthew 8:17, is Matthew saying that as predicted Jesus healed some people in his ministry OR that Jesus dealt definitively with all human disease by "...
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Is the reference to “a name that doesn't disappear” in Isaiah 66:22 an allusion, in contrast to Genesis 11:4?

Is the reference to "a name that doesn't disappear" in Isaiah 66:22 an allusion, in contrast to Genesis 11:4? What does it promise to new covenant believers?: [Gen 11:4 NIV] (4) Then they said, "...
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33 views

Is the NLT interpretation/translation of Psalm 51:6 accurate?

[Psa 51:6 NLT] (6) But you desire honesty from the womb, teaching me wisdom even there. Other translations render more literally as "hidden part" instead of "womb". I'm wondering if this might be an ...
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Is Luke 21:24 an allusion to Daniel 7:25?

Both passages speak of the "trampling" of Jerusalem and both by gentiles and both for a specified, limited time period referred to as "times": [Luk 21:24 NIV] (24) They will fall by the sword and ...
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In 1 Peter 5:8 is “your adversary, the devil” a reference to persecuting Jews in cahoots with Rome?

Peter speaks of a "roaring lion" on the prowl. I don't think anyone thinks that an actual lion is the problem. Nor does the Satan eat humans that I'm aware of. [1Pe 5:8-11 CSB] (8) Be sober-minded,...
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Is John 8:58 an allusion to Psalm 90:2 LXX?

[Jhn 8:58 CSB] (58) Jesus said to them, "Truly I tell you, before Abraham was, I am." [Jhn 8:58 MGNT] (58) εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Ἰησοῦς ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί [...
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In Isaiah 1:3, what is the “master's crib”?

[Isa 1:2-4 ESV] (2) Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth; for the LORD has spoken: "Children have I reared and brought up, but they have rebelled against me. (3) The ox knows its owner, and the ...
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Why did Jesus use the words “You have heard that it was said…?”

In Matthew Chapter 4 during the temptation of Jesus, Jesus uses the words "It is written..." when referring to God's word. In Matthew chapter 5 Jesus begins using the phrase "Ye have heard that it ...
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In Acts 15:12-19 what in Amos convinces James about the gentiles not needing Torah?

[Act 15:12-19 CSB] (12) The whole assembly became silent and listened to Barnabas and Paul describe all the signs and wonders God had done through them among the Gentiles. (13) After they stopped ...
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Is Revelation 6:8 an allusion to Ezekiel 14:21-23?

[Eze 14:21-23 HNV] (21) For thus says the Lord GOD: How much more when I send my four sore judgments on Yerushalayim, the sword, and the famine, and the evil animals, and the pestilence, to cut off ...
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Does Paul's allusion in Romans 15:20-21 to Isaiah 52:13-15 suggest that Paul considered himself to be the suffering servant of that passage?

[Rom 15:20-21 NIV] (20) It has always been my ambition to preach the gospel where Christ was not known, so that I would not be building on someone else's foundation. (21) Rather, as it is written: "...
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When Jesus asked for a miracle to be kept secret, was he fulfilling any specific scriptures?

There's is an example of Jesus speaking in parables and his disciples ask him why he is speaking in parables, and Jesus says it is to fulfill a particular scripture (Matthew 13:10-17, Isaiah 6:9-10). ...
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Is the “lambkin” of Revelation 13:11 the “little horn” of Daniel 7:8?

[Rev 13:11 ESV] (11) Then I saw another beast rising out of the earth. It had two horns like a lamb and it spoke like a dragon. [Rev 13:11 MGNT] (11) καὶ εἶδον ἄλλο θηρίον ἀναβαῖνον ἐκ τῆς ...
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Is Luke 21:28 alluding to Job 10:14-17?

[Luk 21:28 ESV] (28) Now when these things begin to take place, straighten up and raise your heads, because your redemption is drawing near." [Job 10:14-17 ESV] (14) If I sin, you watch me and do ...
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In Titus 2:13 is “that blessed hope” an allusion to Psalms 84:5?

Brenton Septuagint Translation Psalm 84: 1For the end, a Psalm for the sons of Core, concerning the wine-presses. How amiable are thy tabernacles, O Lord of hosts! 2My soul longs, and faints ...
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What might be the symbolic significance of the “fig tree” in John 1:48-50?

John spills a bit of ink describing a seemingly pointless detail about a Jew climbing up a fig tree and Philip calling him from below his fig tree: [Jhn 1:48-50 KJV] (48) Nathanael saith unto him, ...
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Is Luke 18:18 alluding to Exodus 2:2?

[Luke 18:18-20 NLT] (18) Once a religious leader asked Jesus this question: "Good Teacher, what should I do to inherit eternal life?" (19) "Why do you call me good?" Jesus asked him. "Only God is ...
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What are John's sources for Revelation 10:7 and 22:10?

Disclaimer: I have no formal training in Biblical languages. In the Hebrew of Daniel 9:24 he is told that messiah was to חָתַם the vision and prophecy. As I have been told and have confirmed to the ...
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What is the relationship between Sabbath 31a and Matthew 7:12?

In the Talmud, Sabbath 31 a it reads, among other things: [Hillel said] That which is hateful to you do not do to another; that is the entire Torah, and the rest is its interpretation. Go study. ...
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In Philippians 4:5, what does Paul mean by “the Lord is at hand”?

Phl 4:5 KJV - 5 Let your moderation be known unto all men. The Lord is at hand. Variants of the phrase appears also in multiple prophets: Isa 13:6 KJV - 6 Howl ye; for the day of the LORD is at ...
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In Ephesians what does Paul mean by “world without end”?

[Eph 3:21 KJV] 21 Unto him [be] glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen. [Eph 3:21 mGNT] αὐτῷ ἡ δόξα ἐν τῇ ἐκκλησίᾳ καὶ ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ εἰς πάσας τὰς ...
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Is John 1:1-3 an allusion to Proverbs 8:22-31 LXX?

The idea of the LOGOS being with God and active in creation always seemed to me to be alluding to Genesis 1 where God creates the world by speaking, "Let there be..." and I think that's still valid. ...
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Did Paul think that Isaiah was about the exile of the 6th century BC or that Isaiah intended it to be about the destruction of 70ad? [closed]

The question It might (or might not) be useful to review this related question before tackling this one. In this excellent but imperfect paper the author points to the many instances where Paul ...
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Are Hosea 6:6 and Matthew 9:13 connected?

In some bibles, Matthew 9:13 Go and learn what the Scriptures mean when they say, 'Instead of offering sacrifices to me, I want you to be merciful to others.' I didn't come to invite good ...
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In 2 Thessalonians 2:1-2 is Paul's reference to “our gathering with him” an allusion to Psalm 46:10 LXX?

Paul associates the coming of Christ with "our gathering together to him": [2Th 2:1-2 NASB] 1 Now we request you, brethren, with regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering ...
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Is Matthew 13:47-52 an allusion to Habakkuk 1:13-17 and a clue to Jesus' use of the OT?

In Matthew 13:47-52 Jesus compares the kingdom of heaven to a large net cast into the sea which is a kind of "harvest" of mankind for destruction. In addition he seems to suggest : [Mat 13:47-52 ...
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Where is “They hated me without cause/reason” in John 15:25 within the Old Testament?

In John 15:25, it is written 25But this is to fulfill what is written in their Law: ‘They hated me without reason.’ Where in the Old Testament (in the exact phrasing) was Jesus quoting from? ...
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351 views

Should Jehovah or Yahweh be the English text of the New Testament? [closed]

Should God’s name Jehovah or Yahweh appear in the English New Testament text were there is a quote from the Old Testament, for example at Matthew 22:44 & Romans 10:13? Roman 10:13 “For all ...
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Is Matthew 10:1 (and other references to expelling unclean spirits) an allusion to Zechariah 13:2?

[Mat 10:1 KJV] 1 And when he had called unto [him] his twelve disciples, he gave them power [against] unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease. ...
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Are Luke 16:16 and Hebrews 1:1-3 allusions to Zechariah 13:1-5?

Or are the prophets in Zechariah 13 only the prophets of the false gods? Luke and Hebrews both suggest that the time of the prophets has come to an end: [Luk 16:16 NET] 16 "The law and the ...
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Was the fountain of Zachariah 13:1 a fountain of water or of blood?

It is very understandable both that one might want to see a "fountain of blood" in this image but isn't it more likely that it is a reference to water? And as a fountain, is it referring to ...
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Is John 12:3 an allusion to Song of Solomon 1:12?

[Jhn 12:1-8 KJV] 1 Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead. 2 There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but ...
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Genesis 2:24 - is the joining / clinging between man and wife in the active or passive tense?

Some translations of Genesis 2:24 (eg NKJV) say: Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh. While others (eg KJV) use the active ...
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In 2 Corinthians 6:16-18 why does Paul omit the references to the promised land?

In 2 Corinthians Paul is "preaching" that the saints should separate themselves from wicked persons ("Beliar"). He seems to perhaps have in mind the Corinthians who seem to be flippant about idols ...
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Is “eternal fire” in Jude 7 an allusion to 4 Maccabees 9:9?

NIV Jude 1: 5Though you already know all this, I want to remind you that the Lordc at one time delivered his people out of Egypt, but later destroyed those who did not believe. 6And the ...
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Where does the quote in 1 Corinthians 2:9 come from?

I have searched with my bible app and I don't seem to find it. 1 Corinthians 2:9 NIV 9 However, as it is written: “What no eye has seen, what no ear has heard, and what no human mind has ...
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Does St. Paul refer to the Old Testament as 'the Old Testament' in 2 Corinthians 3:14?

The text is as follows (the context is the Jews who did not accept Christ had a spiritual veil over their eyes, which prevents them from recognizing and accepting the truths of the New Covenant): 2 ...
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Does τὸν ὄντα correspond to יהוה in Wisdom 13:1?

Wisdom 13:1-5 (translation mine) 1 Truly vain are all men by [their] nature in whom there is not the knowledge of God: who, though they have seen the good things [of creation], do not know him ...
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Where do the New Testament authors derive their doctrine that the Old Covenant was given through angels? [duplicate]

52 Which of the prophets did your fathers not persecute? And they killed those who announced beforehand the coming of the Righteous One, whom you have now betrayed and murdered, 53 you who received ...
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Are there any published works on the development of “satan/Satan” in the Hebrew Bible to the New Testament? [closed]

I was wondering if anyone knew of any published works (books or papers) that study the development of the hebrew word satan and particularly how it came to be associated in some places with the New ...
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A thousand years is like one day [duplicate]

What is the Meaning of 2 Pet. 3:8 ? 2 Pet. 3:8 says, "But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day."(KJV) Can ...
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“I am the Christ” vs. “I am he” in the Synoptics (Matt 24:5 // Mark 13:6 // Luke 21:8)

In a prior Q&A, we discussed the Semitic background of Jesus' statements recorded in the Gospels as ἐγώ εἰμι (= I am [he]). My understanding based on the answer there and a follow-up Q&A was ...
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What scripture is the author of 1 Tim 5:18 referencing?

1 Timothy 5:17-18 states Elders who provide effective leadership must be counted worthy of double honor, especially those who work hard in speaking and teaching. For the scripture says, ...
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In Romans 11:4 why did Paul use χρηματισμός to introduce his quotation from the Elijah narrative?

Romans 11:4 (NA28 | ESV): ἀλλὰ τί λέγει αὐτῷ ὁ χρηματισμός; κατέλιπον ἐμαυτῷ ἑπτακισχιλίους ἄνδρας, οἵτινες οὐκ ἔκαμψαν γόνυ τῇ Βάαλ. But what is God’s reply to him? (literally: what does the ...
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To which scriptures of “the prophets” does Acts 10:43 refer?

Acts 10:43: "To him all the prophets bear witness that everyone who believes in him receives forgiveness of sins through his name." (ESV) Here Peter, as recorded by Luke, indicates that “all the ...
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Is it corruption of the LXX for adding Deut 32:43 or of the Masoretic for lacking it as quoted in Hebrews 1:6?

What passage is the author of "To the Hebrews" quoting in Hebrews 1:6?: Heb 1:6 And again, when he reintroduces the firstbegotten into the populated lands, he says, "And let all the angels of God ...
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In what way has God been found by “those who did not seek” him (Romans 10:20)?

Then Isaiah is so bold as to say, “I have been found by those who did not seek me; I have shown myself to those who did not ask for me.” Romans 10:20 (ESV) According to Paul, in what way has ...