Questions tagged [nt-use-of-hebrew-bible]

Questions concerning how authors and speakers in the New Testament books quote or use parts of the Hebrew Bible.

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In James 5:13-20, is James appealing to Job 33?

In Job 32, Elius is indignant that Job would suggest that he is suffering innocently: LXX2012(i) 1 And his three friends also ceased any longer to answer Job: for Job was righteous before them. 2 ...
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Is Luke 15 intended as an argument for, against or to qualify the idea of irrecoverable apostasy?

In Hebrews 12, the author argues from the account of Jacob and Esau to warn against apostasy. He suggests that if one sells their inheritance as Esau did, then there is no way to get it back, because ...
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Is Paul's appeal to nature in his rejection of homosexual behavior an example and vindication of naturalism?

Prior to Paul, the only Jewish objection to homosexual behavior was penetration and ritual prostitution: [Lev 18:22 NKJV] (22) 'You shall not lie with a male as with a woman. It is an abomination. [...
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In John 13:23-25, is Jesus reclining at dinner cuddling with “the disciple that he loved” an intentional dismissal of Leviticus 18:22? [closed]

Is this behavior a dismissal of the proscription of Leviticus 18:22? [Jhn 13:23-25 NKJV] (23) Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved. (24) Simon Peter therefore ...
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Is there a parallel between Luke 1:35 and Genesis 1:2?

NIV Luke 1:35 The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. NIV Genesis 1:2 Now ...
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Should any or all of the NT appearances of the designation, “My God,” be seen as intentional allusions to Hosea 2:23?

There are many NT passages that use the phrase, "My God" (Mat 27:46 Mar 15:34;Jhn 20:17, 28;Rom 1:8;1Co 1:4;Phl 1:3;Phm 1:4;Rev 3:2, 12;Mat 5:11;Mat 26:28;Mar 10:40;Mar 14:24;Luk 1:47;Luk 13:...
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What are the benefits of “walking among these that stand by” in Zechariah 3:7?

What are the benefits of "walking among these that stand by" in Zechariah 3:7 King James Version (KJV) 7 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, ...
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Does Mark 13:14 allude to the Hebrew or to the Greek of Daniel 9:27?

Daniel 9:27 reads differently in the Hebrew and in the Greek and Mark's saying is not an exact match to either version. Is Jesus, in Mark 13:14, referring to what appears in the Hebrew or the Greek OT?...
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In Philemon 1:12, is Paul ignoring Deuteronomy 23:16?

[Deu 23:15-16 NLT] (15) "If slaves should escape from their masters and take refuge with you, you must not hand them over to their masters. (16) Let them live among you in any town they choose, ...
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Is there a pattern by which Hebrews identifies the speaker of a Scripture?

In Hebrews, the author, when quoting Scripture, famously trades in the venerable "It is written" for a spoken word - whether by God, by Jesus, by "someone", by the Holy Spirit, etc... And again, ...
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Does Hebrews 1:1-2 teach that Jehovah in the OT is always the Father?

This question is about "interpretation of a specific Bible passage," Hebrews 1:1-2 and how it informs our view of Jehovah in the OT. Question: Does Hebrews 1:1-2 teach that Jehovah in the OT ...
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In Luke 2:21-24 what is the prophetic significance of Mary buying her firstborn son back from the LORD?

[Luk 2:21-24 NASB] (21) And when eight days had passed, before His circumcision, His name was then called Jesus, the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb. (22) And when the days ...
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In Matthew 8:17 is he saying that Jesus fulfilled Isaiah 53:4 by healing some people or by taking away all disease from his people?

Working only inductively from the text... In Matthew 8:17, is Matthew saying that as predicted Jesus healed some people in his ministry OR that Jesus dealt definitively with all human disease by "...
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Is the reference to “a name that doesn't disappear” in Isaiah 66:22 an allusion, in contrast to Genesis 11:4?

Is the reference to "a name that doesn't disappear" in Isaiah 66:22 an allusion, in contrast to Genesis 11:4? What does it promise to new covenant believers?: [Gen 11:4 NIV] (4) Then they ...
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Is the NLT interpretation/translation of Psalm 51:6 accurate?

[Psa 51:6 NLT] (6) But you desire honesty from the womb, teaching me wisdom even there. Other translations render more literally as "hidden part" instead of "womb". I'm wondering if this might be an ...
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Is Luke 21:24 an allusion to Daniel 7:25?

Both passages speak of the "trampling" of Jerusalem and both by gentiles and both for a specified, limited time period referred to as "times": [Luk 21:24 NIV] (24) They will fall ...
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In 1 Peter 5:8 is “your adversary, the devil” a reference to persecuting Jews in cahoots with Rome?

Peter speaks of a "roaring lion" on the prowl. I don't think anyone thinks that an actual lion is the problem. Nor does the Satan eat humans that I'm aware of. [1Pe 5:8-11 CSB] (8) Be sober-...
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Is John 8:58 an allusion to Psalm 90:2 LXX?

[Jhn 8:58 CSB] (58) Jesus said to them, "Truly I tell you, before Abraham was, I am." [Jhn 8:58 MGNT] (58) εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Ἰησοῦς ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί [Psalm 90:2 ...
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In Isaiah 1:3, what is the “master's crib”?

[Isa 1:2-4 ESV] (2) Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth; for the LORD has spoken: "Children have I reared and brought up, but they have rebelled against me. (3) The ox knows its owner, and the ...
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Why did Jesus use the words “You have heard that it was said…?”

In Matthew Chapter 4 during the temptation of Jesus, Jesus uses the words "It is written..." when referring to God's word. In Matthew chapter 5 Jesus begins using the phrase "Ye have heard that it ...
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In Acts 15:12-19 what in Amos convinces James about the gentiles not needing Torah?

[Act 15:12-19 CSB] (12) The whole assembly became silent and listened to Barnabas and Paul describe all the signs and wonders God had done through them among the Gentiles. (13) After they stopped ...
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Is Revelation 6:8 an allusion to Ezekiel 14:21-23?

[Eze 14:21-23 HNV] (21) For thus says the Lord GOD: How much more when I send my four sore judgments on Yerushalayim, the sword, and the famine, and the evil animals, and the pestilence, to cut off ...
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Does Paul's allusion in Romans 15:20-21 to Isaiah 52:13-15 suggest that Paul considered himself to be the suffering servant of that passage?

[Rom 15:20-21 NIV] (20) It has always been my ambition to preach the gospel where Christ was not known, so that I would not be building on someone else's foundation. (21) Rather, as it is written: &...
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When Jesus asked for a miracle to be kept secret, was he fulfilling any specific scriptures?

There's is an example of Jesus speaking in parables and his disciples ask him why he is speaking in parables, and Jesus says it is to fulfill a particular scripture (Matthew 13:10-17, Isaiah 6:9-10). ...
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Is the “lambkin” of Revelation 13:11 the “little horn” of Daniel 7:8?

[Rev 13:11 ESV] (11) Then I saw another beast rising out of the earth. It had two horns like a lamb and it spoke like a dragon. [Rev 13:11 MGNT] (11) καὶ εἶδον ἄλλο θηρίον ἀναβαῖνον ἐκ τῆς γῆς καὶ ...
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Is Luke 21:28 alluding to Job 10:14-17?

[Luk 21:28 ESV] (28) Now when these things begin to take place, straighten up and raise your heads, because your redemption is drawing near." [Job 10:14-17 ESV] (14) If I sin, you watch me and do ...
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In Titus 2:13 is “that blessed hope” an allusion to Psalms 84:5?

Brenton Septuagint Translation Psalm 84: 1For the end, a Psalm for the sons of Core, concerning the wine-presses. How amiable are thy tabernacles, O Lord of hosts! 2My soul longs, and faints ...
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What might be the symbolic significance of the “fig tree” in John 1:48-50?

John spills a bit of ink describing a seemingly pointless detail about a Jew climbing up a fig tree and Philip calling him from below his fig tree: [Jhn 1:48-50 KJV] (48) Nathanael saith unto him, ...
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Is Luke 18:18 alluding to Exodus 2:2?

[Luke 18:18-20 NLT] (18) Once a religious leader asked Jesus this question: "Good Teacher, what should I do to inherit eternal life?" (19) "Why do you call me good?" Jesus asked him. "Only God is ...
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What are John's sources for Revelation 10:7 and 22:10?

Disclaimer: I have no formal training in Biblical languages. In the Hebrew of Daniel 9:24 he is told that messiah was to חָתַם the vision and prophecy. As I have been told and have confirmed to the ...
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What is the relationship between Sabbath 31a and Matthew 7:12?

In the Talmud, Sabbath 31 a it reads, among other things: [Hillel said] That which is hateful to you do not do to another; that is the entire Torah, and the rest is its interpretation. Go study. ...
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In Philippians 4:5, what does Paul mean by “the Lord is at hand”?

Phl 4:5 KJV - 5 Let your moderation be known unto all men. The Lord is at hand. Variants of the phrase appears also in multiple prophets: Isa 13:6 KJV - 6 Howl ye; for the day of the LORD is at hand;...
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In Ephesians what does Paul mean by “world without end”?

[Eph 3:21 KJV] 21 Unto him [be] glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen. [Eph 3:21 mGNT] αὐτῷ ἡ δόξα ἐν τῇ ἐκκλησίᾳ καὶ ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ εἰς πάσας τὰς ...
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Is John 1:1-3 an allusion to Proverbs 8:22-31 LXX?

The idea of the LOGOS being with God and active in creation always seemed to me to be alluding to Genesis 1 where God creates the world by speaking, "Let there be..." and I think that's ...
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Did Paul think that Isaiah was about the exile of the 6th century BC or that Isaiah intended it to be about the destruction of 70ad? [closed]

The question It might (or might not) be useful to review this related question before tackling this one. In this excellent but imperfect paper the author points to the many instances where Paul ...
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Are Hosea 6:6 and Matthew 9:13 connected?

In some bibles, Matthew 9:13 Go and learn what the Scriptures mean when they say, 'Instead of offering sacrifices to me, I want you to be merciful to others.' I didn't come to invite good ...
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In 2 Thessalonians 2:1-2 is Paul's reference to “our gathering with him” an allusion to Psalm 46:10 LXX?

Paul associates the coming of Christ with "our gathering together to him": [2Th 2:1-2 NASB] 1 Now we request you, brethren, with regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering ...
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Is Matthew 13:47-52 an allusion to Habakkuk 1:13-17 and a clue to Jesus' use of the OT?

In Matthew 13:47-52 Jesus compares the kingdom of heaven to a large net cast into the sea which is a kind of "harvest" of mankind for destruction. In addition he seems to suggest : [Mat 13:47-52 ...
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Where is “They hated me without cause/reason” in John 15:25 within the Old Testament?

In John 15:25, it is written 25But this is to fulfill what is written in their Law: ‘They hated me without reason.’ Where in the Old Testament (in the exact phrasing) was Jesus quoting from? ...
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Should Jehovah or Yahweh be the English text of the New Testament? [closed]

Should God’s name Jehovah or Yahweh appear in the English New Testament text were there is a quote from the Old Testament, for example at Matthew 22:44 & Romans 10:13? Roman 10:13 “For all ...
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Is Matthew 10:1 (and other references to expelling unclean spirits) an allusion to Zechariah 13:2?

[Mat 10:1 KJV] 1 And when he had called unto [him] his twelve disciples, he gave them power [against] unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease. [...
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Are Luke 16:16 and Hebrews 1:1-3 allusions to Zechariah 13:1-5?

Or are the prophets in Zechariah 13 only the prophets of the false gods? Luke and Hebrews both suggest that the time of the prophets has come to an end: [Luk 16:16 NET] 16 "The law and the ...
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Was the fountain of Zachariah 13:1 a fountain of water or of blood?

It is very understandable both that one might want to see a "fountain of blood" in this image but isn't it more likely that it is a reference to water? And as a fountain, is it referring to ...
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Is John 12:3 an allusion to Song of Solomon 1:12?

[Jhn 12:1-8 KJV] 1 Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead. 2 There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but ...
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Genesis 2:24 - is the joining / clinging between man and wife in the active or passive tense?

Some translations of Genesis 2:24 (eg NKJV) say: Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh. While others (eg KJV) use the active ...
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In 2 Corinthians 6:16-18 why does Paul omit the references to the promised land?

In 2 Corinthians Paul is "preaching" that the saints should separate themselves from wicked persons ("Beliar"). He seems to perhaps have in mind the Corinthians who seem to be flippant about idols ...
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Is “eternal fire” in Jude 7 an allusion to 4 Maccabees 9:9?

NIV Jude 1: 5Though you already know all this, I want to remind you that the Lordc at one time delivered his people out of Egypt, but later destroyed those who did not believe. 6And the ...
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724 views

Where does the quote in 1 Corinthians 2:9 come from?

I have searched with my bible app and I don't seem to find it. 1 Corinthians 2:9 NIV 9 However, as it is written: “What no eye has seen, what no ear has heard, and what no human mind has ...
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Does St. Paul refer to the Old Testament as 'the Old Testament' in 2 Corinthians 3:14?

The text is as follows (the context is the Jews who did not accept Christ had a spiritual veil over their eyes, which prevents them from recognizing and accepting the truths of the New Covenant): 2 ...
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Does τὸν ὄντα correspond to יהוה in Wisdom 13:1?

Wisdom 13:1-5 (translation mine) 1 Truly vain are all men by [their] nature in whom there is not the knowledge of God: who, though they have seen the good things [of creation], do not know him that is....