Text: John 6:47 -51 (ESV)

"47 Truly, truly, I tell you, he who believes has eternal life. 48 I am the bread of life. 49 Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, yet they died. 50 This is the bread that comes down from heaven, so that anyone may eat of it and not die. 51 I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever. And this bread, which I will give for the life of the world, is My flesh.”


1 Answer 1


The whole purpose of the narrative and discussion in John 6:26-60 is to use the feeding of the 5000 on literal physical food as a metaphor for the need to feed on spiritual food, namely Jesus. The passage abounds in metaphor as follows:

  • the manna is a metaphor for Jesus
  • Jesus is the bread of life
  • eating food is a metaphor for eating Jesus' flesh
  • remaining physically alive is a metaphor for eternal life

This is made abundantly clear in the opening verses:

V26, & 27 - Jesus replied, “Truly, truly, I tell you, it is not because you saw these signs that you are looking for Me, but because you ate the loaves and had your fill. Do not work for food that perishes, but for food that endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you. For on Him God the Father has placed His seal of approval.”

The whole teaching of Jesus is part of the broader theological subject of consecration to Jesus which involves:

  • a developing, growing and deepening belief/trust in Jesus
  • looking to Jesus (Heb 12:2, 2 Cor 3:18, etc) in order to develop that relationship with Jesus
  • doing the will of heaven/the Father/Jesus, see John 14:15, 15:10, etc.
  • Jesus is the only source of eternal life, Acts 4:12, John 5:19-26, 1:4.
  • abiding in Christ = eating His flesh, John 15:1-10.
  • v. 35 makes it very clear and as they harden their hearts that parable becomes more obscure. +1 Commented Jul 13, 2022 at 12:04
  • @Dottard. Jesus is not the only source of eternal life. It is the will of Jesus' God, the Father that eternal life would come through Jesus, John 6:40. According to Jesus, the one and only God gave him the authority to give eternal life. John 17:1-3. Paul says eternal life comes from God through Jesus Romans 6:23.I Commented Jul 15, 2022 at 7:56

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