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Questions tagged [soteriology]

The study of the mechanisms by which an individual achieves salvation and the related belief systems.

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In Romans 7:9 what does Paul mean by “I died”?

Is Paul suggesting that Adam did not directly bring death on all men but instead each person dies only when they sin by interacting with the Torah? ESV Romans 7: 7What then shall we say? That ...
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In Romans 5:9 why does not say “all” but “many”? [duplicate]

“By one man’s disobedience many were made sinners” (Rom. 5:19). Why does not say "all" but "many"?
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In 1 Corinthians 10:1 is the cloud that covered the cloud that led and vice versa?

NIV 1 Corinthians 10:1 For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers and sisters, that our ancestors were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea. This appears ...
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In Acts 15:17 what specifically does it entail to “seek the Lord”?

In Acts 15:17 James finds confirmation of Peter's assessment that "God has granted repentance to the gentiles" in Amos' prophesy: NIV Acts 15:17 that the rest of mankind may seek [out] [ἐκζητήσωσιν]...
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How do we reconcile Eph 2:8-9 with Rom 2:6-7

How do we reconcile Eph 2:8-9 with Rom 2:6-7?To the Ephesians Paul says: “For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, ...
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What does Romans 2: 12 mean in the context of salvation? [closed]

For as many as have sinned without law will also perish without law, and as many as have sinned in the law will be judged by the law. -- Roman 2:12 (NKJV) What does this mean as it relates to ...
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Did Paul contradict himself on the works/faith dichotomy?

At Romans 2:6-7 Paul seems to say that salvation can be earned by works. **RSV:**For he will render to every man according to his works: to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and ...
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Why does LXX use both “salvation” and “peace” for Hebrew “peace”?

Why does LXX use both "salvation" (Strongs 4991) and "peace" (Strongs 1515) for Hebrew "peace" (Strongs 8002)? For example, in Exodus 20:24, the LXX uses 4991: θυσιαστήριον ἐκ γῆς ποιήσετέ μοι ...
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Luke: In What Sense is “Repentance” Required for Salvation?

Note: A Comment by Gina pointed out a presupposed definition of repentance that I had not addressed in the original question, and now corrected here. Luke 24:47 - and that repentance | μετάνοιαν ...
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Can “believe” be used as an synecdoche in Acts 13:12?

My question concerns the use of a figure of speech known as a synecdoche. That is a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa. In the scripture I have referenced ...
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In light of scriptures regarding baptism, does the New Testament teach that it is necessary for one to be saved? [closed]

'Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.' Acts 2:38 What shall ...
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In Galatians 4:7-11, is Paul concerned that the saints would forfeit their salvation?

For the second time in this letter Paul expresses concern that his labor in Galatia might be a total loss. He addresses the Galatians as brothers but seems freaked out about them observing "days, ...
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Did Paul imply that the Jews had the capacity to believe in Romans 9:32?

In the passage to follow, Paul explains why most of the Jews remained unsaved. He writes: "Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as if it were based on works. They have stumbled over ...
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Acts 22:16 - Is “washing away your sins” linked to baptism or calling on the Lord?

In Acts 22, Paul is recounting his conversion, and uses the phrase Having arisen, be baptised and wash away your sins, calling on His name. ἀναστὰς βάπτισαι καὶ ἀπόλουσαι τὰς ἁμαρτίας σου, ...
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Confused between Romans 2:12 vs John 14:6

It appears to be a contradiction to me. In Roman 2:12 Paul states that there is a way to salvation without Jesus if you obey your conscience and have never heard of Jesus. Of course in John 14:6 Jesus ...
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In Isaiah 46:10, what exactly will God accomplish?

Isaiah 46:10 states (emphasis added): (Is 46:10 NABRE) At the beginning I declare the outcome; from of old, things not yet done. I say that my plan shall stand, I accomplish my every desire....
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Galatians 5:18 vs. John 3:16

Galations 5:18-21 states But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law. Now the works of the flesh are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity, depravity, idolatry, sorcery, hostilities, ...
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How can one reconcile Ephesians 2:8-9 with Philippians 2:12?

It is clear from Ephesians 2:8-9 that salvation is by grace received through faith alone and not one's doing, not a result of works but Philippians 2:12 seems to be saying otherwise. For by grace ...
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2answers
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What are the conditions for ongoing possession of eternal life in John 5:24?

Exegetically, in John 5:24, is ongoing possession of "eternal life" conditional on "hears" (once) and "believes" (once), or, do both present tense Greek verbs (participles) indicate required ongoing ...
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Matthew 7:13-14: What is the straight gate and the narrow way?

What exactly is meant by the strait gate and the narrow way in the following passage? Is it possible to establish that based on the text? Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and ...
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Philippians 2:12 - How should “Work Out” be interpreted?

1. Question In Phil 2:12, How should "Work" be translated, and why is "Out" injected? Setting aside doctrinal presuppositions of faith/work/eternal salvation -- Phil 2:12, NASB - 12 So then, my ...
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In the context of 2 Corinthians 7, does soteria (σωτηρία) in verse 10 refer to salvation or sanctification?

2 Corinthians 7:10 For the sorrow that is according to the will of God produces a repentance without regret, leading to salvation, but the sorrow of the world produces death. (NASB) Reading this ...
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In the New Testament: What is the Gospel--that was preached?

Question: In view of Hermeneutic Consistency, and harmonizing the Biblical references of "Gospel", what was the Pragmatic, and Exegetical content of "The Gospel" message/sermon? That is, what does ...
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In 1 Cor. 15:56, What is the “Power” of Sin?

Question: In 1 Cor. 15:56, what is the "Power / δύναμις of Sin"? Note: I had expected to find a form of "ἐξουσία" for power, but this wasn't the case. Similarly, there is another question on Stack, "...
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When Jesus says “your sins are forgiven”, how is that reconciled with the sacrificial system established in the old testament?

Question: Why is it necessary to verbally forgive someone of their sins as indicated in these cases when Jesus' death and their faith should be enough? If verbal forgiveness is not necessary, why does ...
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Being saved or saved in 1 Cor 15:2?

What is the best and most plausible English translation for this sentence in 1 Cor 15:2 from a linguistic and grammatical stand point (not theological)? (a) 'being saved' as a process in progress? ...
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In Matthew 25:8-9 what does the oil in the ten virgins parable represent?

The parable of the ten virgins is found in Matthew 25:1-12. Verses 8-9 (ESV) read: And the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ But the wise answered,...
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Who is the angel who redeemed Jacob from evil?

I have a few questions about a few verses, Genesis 48:15-16. And [Jacob] blessed Joseph and said, “The God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked, the God who has been my shepherd all my ...
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Meaning of the Parable of the Sower

Matthew 13:1-23 recounts the Parable of the Sower. This is one that I've heard a number of times in a number of sermons and books. It must have some ambiguity as it's interpretation by pastors and ...
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In Heb 6:4-6, what have those once enlightened “fallen away” from?

Heb 6:4 For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit, 5 and have tasted the good word of God and the ...
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What do the words “For the letter killeth” mean in 2 Corinthians 3:6

2 Corinthians 3:6 (KJ21) "who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament — not of the letter, but of the Spirit; for the letter killeth, but the Spirit giveth life." Is Paul referring ...
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Is Paul communicating that all their future sins were forgiven in Colossians 2:13-14?

Exegetically, without bringing theology to the text, is Paul stating that all their sins, including future sins were forgiven in Colossians 2:13-14? Would the recipients of this letter understand "...
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What conclusions can be drawn from the change in verb tense of “believe” in Acts 16:31 & 16:34?

In Acts 16:31 the word "believe" is in the aorist tense (undefined action). In Acts 16:34 the word "believe" is in the perfect tense. What conclusions can be drawn exegetically from the change in verb ...
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Does John 1:12 identify believers of the past only, or past and present tense believers?

Here are two versions to help aid the question: But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, John 1:12 ESV But to all who have ...
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Ephesians 2:8. Was salvation attained and kept to the present through continued faith?

Ephesians 2:8 "For by grace you have been saved through faith ..." The word "saved" is a perfect verb, passive, participle, plural, nominative, and masculine. The question is regarding faith. Was ...
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What range of meaning is allowed by διὰ in Ephesians 2:8?

8For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, ESV διὰ πίστεως in Ephesians 2:8 is almost invariably translated 'through faith', but 'through' ...
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In John 3:16, is the word believe a continous action for everlasting life?

Is eternal life in John 3:16 conditional on continous belief in Jesus Christ? The word "believe" in this verse is a present participle verb. Thanks very much!
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Does the story of the thief on the cross imply that Jesus believed religious practice was unnecessary for salvation?

In Luke we read that Jesus predicted he would see one of the criminals hanging beside him in Paradise: One of the criminals who were hanged railed at him, saying, “Are you not the Christ? Save ...
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What is indicated by “δοξάζω” being in the aorist in Romans 8:30?

Every verb in Romans 8:30 is in the aorist: οὓς δὲ προώρισεν, τούτους καὶ ἐκάλεσεν· καὶ οὓς ἐκάλεσεν, τούτους καὶ ἐδικαίωσεν· οὓς δὲ ἐδικαίωσεν, τούτους καὶ ἐδόξασεν. Those whom he ...
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What did Paul mean when he said, “work out your own salvation?”

Philippians 2:12 (ESV) 12 Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, What ...
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Why was Zacchaeus saved according to Jesus?

In Luke 19:1-10 we read the story of Zacchaeus which ends like so: And Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, "Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor. And if I have defrauded anyone ...