Questions tagged [soteriology]

Questions on Biblical texts relating to the Christian teaching of Soteriology, AKA "Christian Salvation": This tag is for questions on passages used to support, could likely, or prove to impact one's view of Soteriology, while questions on Soteriology itself remain off-topic.

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1 John 5: 13 - What does "these things" refer to that relates to "you may know that you have eternal life" - assurance of salvation?

The premise of our assurance of salvation is: "All who believe in Jesus Christ are saved. I Believe in Jesus Christ. Therefore, I am saved." When we say "I know am saved because I ...
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5 votes
3 answers
446 views

Should the word "free" appear in Romans 6:23 as an adjective to "gift"?

I have always understood Romans 6:23 to read "For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus (our Lord)." And that is how my NASB 1995 renders it. ...
6 votes
4 answers
140 views

Leviticus 16 - Does the casting of the lots mean that the two goats are actually one sacrifice?

Relevant verses: Leviticus 16:7-10 7 Then he shall take the two goats and set them before the Lord at the entrance of the tent of meeting. 8 And Aaron shall cast lots over the two goats, one lot for ...
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5 votes
4 answers
106 views

How should we understand the ongoing nature of Jesus' intercession? Heb 7:25-27

Heb 7:25-27 (NASB, emphasis added) 25Therefore he is also able to save forever those who come to God through him, since he always lives to make intercession for them. 26For it was fitting for us to ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Rom 11:20 - What their "unbelief" was about? [closed]

Text: Romans 11:20 (ESV) "That is true. They were broken off because of their unbelief, but you stand fast through faith. So do not become proud, but fear."
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2 votes
3 answers
170 views

Is Paul making the "watchmaker argument" in Romans 1:18-25?

Romans 1:18-25 (ESV) 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. 19 For what can be known ...
2 votes
1 answer
95 views

What is Jesus teaching in the context of John 6: "he who believes has eternal life"(v47) & "if anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever"(v51)?

Text: John 6:47 -51 (ESV) "47 Truly, truly, I tell you, he who believes has eternal life. 48 I am the bread of life. 49 Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, yet they died. 50 This is the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
55 views

Romans 6:10 and Jesus's relationship with God and Sin

I find Romans 6:10 quite provocative: Romans 6:10 for in that he died [past,prior to resurrection], to the sin he died once, and in that he liveth [present,post resurrection], he liveth to God; ...
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3 votes
2 answers
50 views

What is the 'judgement' mentioned in Heb 9:27?

And just as it is destined for people to die once, and after this comes judgment Heb 9:27 Some say this is the stage prior to the 'lake of fire'. Some say it is a condemnation of the guilt borne by ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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What is 'put on' in Psalm 132:9 ? What is the 'righteousness' and the 'salvation' that clothes?

Singing through the Songs of Degrees, morning by morning, I was struck by 132:9 and 16 and pondered on what it actually (in experience and in practice) means . . . . ... thy priests do put on ...
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2 answers
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Is the blood of Christ for our forgiveness or his death for our forgiveness or both somehow?

My question arises from my study on the blood of Christ and his sacrificial death on the cross. The scriptures seem to teach that both his death and his shed blood were for the forgiveness of sins. ...
4 votes
3 answers
103 views

Strong Exegesis of Hebrews 12:15 "fail of the grace of God" in what sense?

Text body in immediate context: 14 Pursue peace with all people, and holiness, without which no one will see the Lord: 15 looking carefully lest anyone fall short of the grace of God; lest any root ...
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0 votes
1 answer
99 views

Is Revelation 3:16 a warning about the possibility of losing one's salvation?

Revelation 3:14-22 (ESV): 14 “And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: ‘The words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of God's creation. 15 “‘I know your works: you are ...
3 votes
2 answers
134 views

Are John 15:1-11 and Revelation 3:14-22 referring to the same group of people?

I find striking similarities between John 15:1-11 and Revelation 3:14-22: John 15:1-11 (ESV) “I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser. 2 Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he ...
4 votes
3 answers
404 views

Does "saved" mean the same thing in 2 Samuel 3:18 & Ephesians 2:8?

2 Samuel 3:18 speaks of David saving Israel: 18 Now then do it: for the Lord hath spoken of David, saying, By the hand of my servant David I will save my people Israel out of the hand of the ...
3 votes
5 answers
293 views

Is Jesus using multiple definitions of "life" in Matthew 10:39?

Matthew 10:39 (ESV) Whoever finds his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake will find it. How can someone find their life and then lose it, or lose their life and then find it? ...
2 votes
5 answers
143 views

Is there a theological difference between asking "What will it profit a man to have faith without works?" and "What will it profit a man who says he

has faith and does not have works?" James 2:14 is the verse in question. James does not pose the first question, but the second one. Various translations put it: “What doth it profit, my ...
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6 votes
5 answers
731 views

Is there a contradiction between John 6:44 and Matthew 22:14?

John 6:44 (ESV) 44 No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him. And I will raise him up on the last day. Matthew 22:8-14 (ESV) 8 Then he said to his servants, ‘The wedding feast ...
8 votes
5 answers
474 views

Greek question Philippians 3:9 is it "faith in Christ" or "faith of Christ"

I'm looking at Philippians 3:9 and be found in Him, not having my own righteousness, which is from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God by faith; (...
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5 votes
2 answers
452 views

What does it mean to “inherit the kingdom of God” in 1 Corinthians 6:9-10?

1 Corinthians 6:9-10 (NASB) “Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor ...
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7 votes
4 answers
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What does John 3:16 mean by "perish"?

John 3:14-16 (ESV): 14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up, 15 that whoever believes in him may have eternal life. 16 “For God so loved the world,...
1 vote
3 answers
418 views

Exactly when did Paul repent... before or after he was saved?

There is absolutely no question that Paul did repent (i.e., had a change of direction in his heart), as is clearly attested to in scripture. Therefore, the question being raised isn't really an issue ...
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3 votes
4 answers
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Parable of Talents -Mt. 25 (& Mina, Lk 19) - Was the wicked servant condemned for the inaction/no profit, or more for the independent mindset?

Though he did not bring in any profit - so the thief on the cross and many of us as well; at least, he did not squander away the principle, after all, he too was "the servant," a trusted, as ...
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1 vote
1 answer
37 views

Are the references to "the rapture" in Matthew 24 and Luke 17 gender specific?

I am intrigued as to whether the "two" (people) referred to in relation to the "rapture" in Matthew 24 and Luke 17, should be gender specific? With my limited knowledge of ...
1 vote
2 answers
148 views

When did Paul's repentance (i.e., change of heart) and salvation occur? On the road to Damascus, or only after being baptized in Damascus?

The traditional way in which any Israelite was to be saved, was to first repent (and be baptized) as evidenced in both the preaching of John the Baptist (Mark 1:4,15) and that of Peter (Acts 2:38; 3:...
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6 votes
5 answers
345 views

Does God deliberately choose people to be Christians in 1 Cor 1:26-29?

1 Corinthians 1:26-29 (NASB) “For consider your calling, brethren, that there were not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble; but God has chosen the foolish things of the ...
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2 votes
2 answers
101 views

In context of John 6: 44-46, -"no one can come to me", who the "no one" Jesus refers to, the Jews or all?

How the Father draws one to Jesus? What does "come" to me (v 44) means? What is the relevance of Jesus saying in verse 46? Text: John 6:44-46 (ESV): "44 No one can come to me unless the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
101 views

What does Titus 2:11 mean by “bringing salvation to all people”?

We read: “For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all people. It trains us to reject godless ways and worldly desires and to live self-controlled, upright, and godly lives in the ...
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3 votes
2 answers
96 views

What does Paul mean to emphasize when he refers to himself as chief, or the first, or the worst, in 1 Timothy 1:15?

1 Timothy 1:15 KJV This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief. 1 Timothy 1:15 YLT stedfast is the word, and ...
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3 votes
4 answers
373 views

Is John 6:44 a necessary and/or sufficient condition for salvation?

John 6:44 (ESV) 44 No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him. And I will raise him up on the last day. Questions Necessary Condition. What happens with someone who is never ...
1 vote
1 answer
92 views

Does Revelation 20:10,14-15 teach eternal conscious torment (ECT) of the wicked?

Revelation 20:10 (YLT) 10 and the Devil, who is leading them astray, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where [are] the beast and the false prophet, and they shall be tormented day and ...
1 vote
1 answer
37 views

"... and put him with the hypocrites. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth" - what place is Jesus referring to in Matthew 24:51?

Matthew 24:44-51 (ESV): 44 Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect. 45 “Who then is the faithful and wise servant, whom his master has set over his ...
4 votes
1 answer
61 views

Are Paul (Romans 10:11-17) and Jesus (John 6:44) describing different methods or different aspects of a single method to win souls?

Romans 10:11-17 (ESV) 11 For the Scripture says, “Everyone who believes in him will not be put to shame.” 12 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, ...
11 votes
8 answers
2k views

Why would God create vessels of wrath prepared for destruction (Romans 9:21-22) if He has no pleasure in the death of the wicked (Ezekiel 33:11)?

Ezekiel 33:11 11 Say to them, As I live, declares the Lord God, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from his way and live; turn back, turn back from your evil ways,...
3 votes
4 answers
135 views

In Romans chapter 6, what does Paul mean by "death"? Biological death? Spiritual death? Some figurative meaning of death? All of them?

Romans 6 (ESV): What shall we say then? Are we to continue in sin that grace may abound? 2 By no means! How can we who died to sin still live in it? 3 Do you not know that all of us who have been ...
1 vote
2 answers
230 views

What happens when a person loses their "life"/"soul"? John 12:24-25 & Matthew 16:26

John 12:24-25 (NASB): 24 Truly, truly I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it bears much fruit. 25 The one who loves his life (Lit ...
1 vote
1 answer
73 views

Do John 17:3 and Matthew 25:46 refer to different meanings of "eternal life"?

John 17:3 (ESV): 3 And this is eternal life, that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent. Matthew 25:46 (ESV): 46 And these will go away into eternal punishment, but ...
3 votes
3 answers
673 views

When does eternal life begin? When we believe in the Son (1 John 5:11-12, John 3:36, 5:24) or on Judgement Day (Matthew 25:31-46)?

According to the Apostle John, eternal life begins when we believe in the Son: 36 Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God ...
2 votes
2 answers
473 views

Does it follow from John 17:3 that the wicked will cease to exist (since they won't have eternal life)?

John 17:3 (ESV): 3 And this is eternal life, that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent. The wicked who will experience the second death do not and will not truly ...
1 vote
1 answer
80 views

Can any conclusions be drawn about an "intermediate state" from John 11:25-26?

John 11:25-26 (YLT): 25 Jesus said to her, `I am the rising again, and the life; he who is believing in me, even if he may die, shall live; 26 and every one who is living and believing in me shall ...
4 votes
5 answers
747 views

Is doing good deeds for others of no ultimate use or not? 1 Corinthians 13:3 vs. Matthew 25:41-46

1 Corinthians 13:3 (ESV): 3 If I give away all I have, and if I deliver up my body to be burned, but have not love, I gain nothing. Matthew 25:41-46 (ESV): 41 “Then he will say to those on his left,...
0 votes
3 answers
141 views

Is salvation easy or hard? Revelation 22:17 vs. Matthew 7:13-14

Revelation 22:17 makes it look easy: The Spirit and the Bride say, “Come.” And let the one who hears say, “Come.” And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who desires take the water of life ...
1 vote
3 answers
142 views

2 Timothy 2:17-19 and God’s Foundation

I have my conviction of the doctrine of perseverance of the saints, yet, this passage seems to indicate that Hymenaeus & Philetus were never saved due to the contrast Paul gives about “God’s solid ...
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4 votes
4 answers
154 views

4 different ways to interpret 2 Peter 2:20-22?

Given the surrounding context of 2 Peter 2:20-22 we might come to 4 different conclusions on the interpretation of this verse. Given the rule of rational deduction, can we interpret 2 Peter 2:20-22 ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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John 6:45b - who is the everyone, the Jews or everyone comes to Jesus?

What "comes to me" means? What does "has heard and learned from the Father" mean? Is it a prerequisite for everyone coming to Jesus? Text: John 6:45b (ESV) "-who has heard ...
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10 votes
8 answers
456 views

Is it possible to have saving faith in Jesus Christ if one has misunderstood who the Jesus Christ of scripture really is? Romans 1:1-4

I ask because of noting how chapter 1 of Romans deals with the person of Christ – who he is – while not dealing with what he has done to save sinners until chapter 3. Could this be significant? I read ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Did the response on the servant in Matt. 18:26 indicate he thought he could earn salvation?

The servant owed 10,000 talents (18:24). The footnote on talent in 18:24 in the ESV is "A talent was a monetary unit worth about twenty years’ wages for a laborer." Thus, 10,000 talents = ...
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6 votes
1 answer
197 views

Would 2 Timothy 2:16-18 suggest that full preterism is a salvation issue?

In the Bible, some questions seem to allow for differing positions (see Romans 14). However, does 2 Timothy 2:16-18 suggest that whether the resurrection has already happened isn't one of them? Is it ...
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2 votes
1 answer
193 views

Did Paul teach works-based salvation in 1 Corinthians 9:24-27?

1 Corinthians 9:24-27 (ESV): 24 Do you not know that in a race all the runners run, but only one receives the prize? So run that you may obtain it. 25 Every athlete exercises self-control in all ...
1 vote
1 answer
44 views

In the context of Luke 2: 8-14, does "among men-good will" (v.14b) refers to the Jews, all people on earth created in His image, or the predestined?

Text:Luke 2: 8 -14 (YTL) "And there were shepherds in the same region, lodging in the field, and keeping the night-watches over their flock, 9 and lo, a messenger of the Lord stood over them, and ...
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