Questions tagged [soteriology]

The study of the mechanisms by which an individual achieves salvation and the related belief systems.

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Can salvation be lost or not? [duplicate]

Hebrews 10:26-31 seems to suggest that salvation can be lost, as it mentions that someone who was previously sanctified by the blood of the covenant (i.e. saved) may end up receiving punishment (i.e. ...
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Did the unfaithful servant lose his salvation or was he never saved to begin with?

Luke 12:41-48 (NIV) reads: The Faithful or the Unfaithful Servant 41 Peter said, “Lord, does this parable apply to us, or do you mean it for everyone?” 42 The Lord answered, “Who, then, is the ...
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Did the 5 foolish virgins lose their salvation or were they never saved to begin with?

Matthew 25:1-13 (NIV) reads: The Parable of the Ten Virgins “At that time the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom. 2 Five of them were ...
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What does it mean to deny the Son? 1 John 2:23 [closed]

1 John 2:23 says: "No one who denies the Son has the father; whoever acknowledges the Son has the Father also." We know there are many scriptures revealing that Jesus is God. I have a friend ...
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Is Romans 2:12-16 saying that there is hope of works-based salvation for the unevangelized Gentiles?

Romans 2:12-16 (ESV) says: 12 For all who have sinned without the law will also perish without the law, and all who have sinned under the law will be judged by the law. 13 For it is not the hearers ...
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Does Mark 16:16 rule out any possibility of salvation for unevangelized pagans?

Mark 16:15,16 (ESV) says: 15 And he said to them, “Go into all the world and proclaim the gospel to the whole creation. 16 Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe ...
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Does God want everyone to be saved or not?

2 Peter 3:9 (ESV) says: 9 The Lord is not slow to fulfill his promise as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing that any should perish, but that all should reach repentance. ...
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Does the Gospel of John teach Christian Universalism?

John 1:29 KJV The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. John 12:47 KJV And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I ...
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Do Ephesians 1:13 and Acts 8:14-17; 19:1-7 contradict each other?

On the one hand Ephesians 1:13 appears to state that Christians receive the Holy Spirit upon the moment of conversion: Ephesians 1:13 (NIV) 13 And you also were included in Christ when you heard the ...
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What does 'everyone' imply in Heb 2:9 …that He might taste death for everyone

Heb 2:9 But we do see Him who was made for a little while lower than the angels, namely, Jesus, because of the suffering of death crowned with glory and honour, so that by the grace of God He might ...
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Who Demands a Ransom?

Col 1:14 - In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins: Redemption , from the Greek ‘apolytrōsis, (‘Strongs Lexicon: G729- Liberation procured by the payment of a ransom’...
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Which Hebrew scriptures did Jesus point out to two Emmaus believers in Luke 24:27?

Luke 24:27 Beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself.
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1 Peter 1: 5- “who by God’s power are being guarded through faith ”- How the “being guarded” done?

Would this mode - "being guarded"(v5) from the various trials (v6) - be a "norm" for believers until the journey ends? Context: 1 Peter 1:5-6 (ESV) "who "by God’s power are being guarded through ...
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Hebrews 10:31-“It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.” -Who is “the person” to be fearful of falling into the hand of God?

Is the verese 31, part of Chapter 10:26-31, or stand alone with v.30? Text: Heb 10: 26-31(ESV) "For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer ...
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Does “he came to his own (τὰ ἴδια)” - John 1:11 hold a hermeneutic key to the “four fields” in Parable of sower?

Who is the referent of "his own" in the immediate context, and in the larger context of Jesus statements-Mt. 15:24, 10:5.6, Paul in Rom. 15:8? How the the identity of the "referent" would affect ...
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John 10:27-30 & Hebrews 6:4-6 -Theological dilemma, must we choose one or the other or can it be resolved? [closed]

These two passages serve respectably as the major textual support for issue of perseverance of saints,namely, "Truly saved, saved always vs "one can lose one's salvation." What the Bible says about, ...
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John 15:2 - Will a christian with no fruit lose their salvation? [closed]

"I am the true vine and my Father is the gardener. He takes away every branch that does not bear fruit in me. He prunes every branch that bears fruit so that it will bear more fruit." (John ...
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Mark 16:7 Did Peter lose his salvation upon his denial of Jesus thrice?

Is there reason to believe from the text that Peter was no longer included and numbered among the disciples (followers of Jesus, believers, those who would be saved, have eternal life) when the ...
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Are we saved by faith alone or by faith with works? James 2:14-17

James 2:14-17 What use is it, my brethren, if someone says he has faith but he has no works? Can that faith save him? If a brother or sister is without clothing and in need of daily food, and one ...
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Salvation by faith alone and Hebrews 1:14

Reading Hebrews 1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation? This verse appears to imply salvation as something believers are yet ...
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What is the meaning of the phrase “purge your conscience from dead works” in Hebrews 9:14?

What does "purge your conscience from dead works" mean in Hebrews 9:14 how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your ...
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What does Scripture mean by the “doctrine of baptisms” in Hebrews 6:1-2?

What does Scripture mean by the "doctrine of baptisms" in Hebrews 6:1-2 Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation ...
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What is the spiritual significance of the “early and latter rain” mentioned in James 5:7?

What is the spiritual significance of the "early and latter rain" mentioned in James 5:7 Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the ...
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How does one practically receive the “light of the knowledge” of the Glory of God in 2 Corinthians 4:6?

1) How does one practically receive the "light of the knowledge" of the Glory of God in 2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to ...
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What part of man gets saved?

Which part of man Gets saved? Body? Soul? Spirit? Or the whole? Matthew 24:22 (KJV) And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect's sake those ...
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What is the object which “saves” in 1 Peter 3:21? and is it's context connected to v. 16 conscience

I am looking for a contextual answer on the meaning of v. 21, particularly what is the object that "Saves" (is it the figure of the flood? the obedience in the figure of the flood? is it baptism it ...
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Does Philippians 2:12 contradict 3:9?

Philippians 2:12 (NASB) So then, my beloved, just as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your salvation with fear and trembling; ...
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Did Paul say non-believers might gain Eternal Life in Romans 2:7?

In Paul’s Epistle to the Romans 2:6-10 Paul seems to lay out a brief summary of Judgement upon the true and untrue, the unrighteousness and the righteous. In v.7 and again in v.10 he states that on ...
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When Do You Think That Paul Was Saved [closed]

First, Paul would tell us that he was saved from sin before the world began. This is salvation from the PLAN of sin. Who [God] hath saved us, and called us with a holy calling, not according to our ...
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God vs devil - How much does God allow?

I asked this question in the other Christian exchange and was directed here: From my understanding and through examples in history and my life as well, God allows good and bad things to happen. ...
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Is the word “salvation” ever used in the New Testament 'justification' sense in the Old Testament?

I've always found that in the Old Testament, 'salvation' refers more or less exclusively to temporal salvation, and not necessarily justification, whereas of course in the New Testament, it more often ...
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Is 1 John 2:15-17 talking about this life or the after life?

1 John 2:15-17 (NIV): Do not love the world or anything in the world. If anyone loves the world, love for the Father is not in them. For everything in the world—the lust of the flesh, the lust of the ...
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In Hebrews 9:28 what does it mean Christ comes “to save”?

[Heb 9:26-28 ESV] (26) for then he would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world. But as it is, he has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to put away sin by the ...
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What does “even as” mean in Ephesians 1:4?

Ephesians 1:3-4 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, 4 even as he chose us in him before the ...
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Are angels creatures (Mark 16:15) and can they repent (Rev 2:5 and Rom 8:21)

Alright guys go easy on me...only have a high school education here. What I don't get is why according to Strongs there are only 7 instances in which it refers to messenger and ALL 179 of the other ...
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What does “baptism now saves you” mean in 1 Peter 3:21

What does baptism now saves you mean in 1 Peter 3:21 Corresponding to that, baptism now saves you—not the removal of dirt from the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good conscience—through the ...
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In Romans 7:9 what does Paul mean by “I died”?

Is Paul suggesting that Adam did not directly bring death on all men but instead each person dies only when they sin by interacting with the Torah? ESV Romans 7: 7What then shall we say? That ...
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In Romans 5:9 why does not say “all” but “many”? [duplicate]

“By one man’s disobedience many were made sinners” (Rom. 5:19). Why does not say "all" but "many"?
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In 1 Corinthians 10:1 is the cloud that covered the cloud that led and vice versa?

NIV 1 Corinthians 10:1 For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers and sisters, that our ancestors were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea. This appears ...
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In Acts 15:17 what specifically does it entail to “seek the Lord”?

In Acts 15:17 James finds confirmation of Peter's assessment that "God has granted repentance to the gentiles" in Amos' prophesy: NIV Acts 15:17 that the rest of mankind may seek [out] [ἐκζητήσωσιν]...
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How do we reconcile Eph 2:8-9 with Rom 2:6-7

How do we reconcile Eph 2:8-9 with Rom 2:6-7?To the Ephesians Paul says: “For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, ...
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What does Romans 2: 12 mean in the context of salvation? [closed]

For as many as have sinned without law will also perish without law, and as many as have sinned in the law will be judged by the law. -- Roman 2:12 (NKJV) What does this mean as it relates to ...
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Did Paul contradict himself on the works/faith dichotomy?

At Romans 2:6-7 Paul seems to say that salvation can be earned by works. **RSV:**For he will render to every man according to his works: to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and ...
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Why does LXX use both “salvation” and “peace” for Hebrew “peace”?

Why does LXX use both "salvation" (Strongs 4991) and "peace" (Strongs 1515) for Hebrew "peace" (Strongs 8002)? For example, in Exodus 20:24, the LXX uses 4991: θυσιαστήριον ἐκ γῆς ποιήσετέ μοι ...
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Luke: In What Sense is “Repentance” Required for Salvation?

Note: A Comment by Gina pointed out a presupposed definition of repentance that I had not addressed in the original question, and now corrected here. Luke 24:47 - and that repentance | μετάνοιαν for ...
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Can “believe” be used as an synecdoche in Acts 13:12?

My question concerns the use of a figure of speech known as a synecdoche. That is a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa. In the scripture I have referenced ...
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In light of scriptures regarding baptism, does the New Testament teach that it is necessary for one to be saved? [closed]

'Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.' Acts 2:38 What shall ...
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In Galatians 4:7-11, is Paul concerned that the saints would forfeit their salvation?

For the second time in this letter Paul expresses concern that his labor in Galatia might be a total loss. He addresses the Galatians as brothers but seems freaked out about them observing "days, ...
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Did Paul imply that the Jews had the capacity to believe in Romans 9:32?

In the passage to follow, Paul explains why most of the Jews remained unsaved. He writes: "Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as if it were based on works. They have stumbled over ...
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Acts 22:16 - Is “washing away your sins” linked to baptism or calling on the Lord?

In Acts 22, Paul is recounting his conversion, and uses the phrase Having arisen, be baptised and wash away your sins, calling on His name. ἀναστὰς βάπτισαι καὶ ἀπόλουσαι τὰς ἁμαρτίας σου, ...