Zechariah 14:9, talking about a future time (end times?), says:

And the LORD will be king over all the earth. On that day the LORD will be one and his name one. (ESV)

But God already said he is one:

Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one (Deut 6:4)

Maybe "and his name one" says that everybody will finally get it, but what does it mean by "will be one"? Zechariah wrote hundreds of years after Deut. Is it possible he did not know about it? If he did know Deut, why say something will happen that scripture he knew of said is already true? (I am not trying to say what is true for us now, just asking about Zech.)

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    This might help. Check out the NASB version of the text:And the Lord will be king over all the earth; in that day the Lord will be the only one, and His name the only one. Note the word only here, as in He will no longer have anyone else trying to compete for his throne. Not like it's any competition anyways but you get the idea.
    – user4337
    Jun 18, 2014 at 4:11

5 Answers 5


And the Lord shall become King over all the earth; on that day shall the Lord be one, and His name one.(Zech. 14:9)

Rashi's commentary reads,

*"shall the Lord be one: For all the nations shall abandon their vanities and acknowledge Him, that He is one, and [that] no strange deity is with Him,and His name one: That His name shall be mentioned by everyone. *

Keil & Delitzsch's commentary reads,

"To this blessing there is added the higher spiritual blessing, that Jehovah will be King over all the land, and His name alone will be mentioned and revered.

Interestingly, Rashi's commentary includes the whole earth, whereas Keil & Delitzsch's only include Israel. They don't go into detail as to why; my suspicion is they are affected by a theological bias that prevents them from acknowledging the obvious.

I'm not a Hebrew scholar, but it appears the context is not one of the 'personages' of God, but that there is no more 'contest' as to who God is. There is but one deity, and that is God. That means any 'created being' cannot replace the pre-existent God.

The question of course is "What about Jesus?". and the answer is found in John 1:1-3,

" 1In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2The same was in the beginning with God. 3All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.

God is one, there have been many rivals to Him. Zech. 13:2 says,

And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord of hosts, that I will cut off the names of the idols out of the land, and they shall no more be remembered: and also I will cause the prophets and the unclean spirit to pass out of the land.

The Lord alone and His name will be mentioned, no other idol will be mentioned. This is the context of Zech. 14:9.

  • Oh, so "be one" is more like "acknowledged as one"? That makes sense. I don't understand what you say about Jesus though, are you saying he is a rival to one God? So he needs to no more be remembered as part of "only one mentioned"?
    – user4275
    Jun 20, 2014 at 22:33
  • @user4275 Since the question asks about the 'oneness' of God, and not the personages of God, I didn't go into a lengthy exegesis of Jesus, although that is the obvious question. Jesus is one of the 3 personages of God, yet they are all "one".
    – Tau
    Jun 21, 2014 at 3:05

Malbim suggests that the "nations of the world" will no longer believe in "Shituf", but rather that there will be simply one unified God with one name and no other forms or associations.

He also follows the lead of various earlier authorities in suggesting that God will only be known by his 4-letter name, and not by any other descriptions (such as God of Judgment, Merciful One, etc.)

  • I was not familiar with the concept of Shituf which I found extremely interesting and adds to our/my consideration of the issue. Thank you for the post. As a non-trinitarian myself it took me many years to conceive of Shituf on my own, distinguishing the Trinitarian error from outright idolatry. Idols are "nothings" while the worship of the messiah and the divine breath are incorrect but not "nothings". +1
    – Ruminator
    Apr 24, 2018 at 14:52
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    @Ruminator As a non-trinitarian, I have no doubt that I will continue to get commentless downvotes for this post.
    – user22655
    Apr 24, 2018 at 14:56

There is described in scripture a period of time when the messiah's reign extends not only over Israel but over all the nations, which he will temporarily rule with a rod of iron:

Psa_2:9  Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.

Rev_2:27  And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father.

Rev_12:5  And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne.

Rev_19:15  And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.

Zechariah seems to be describing the final denouement of history when God himself rules over all the nations of the earth and the messiah, as king of Israel is a subject king. Paul seems to allude to this passage:

1Co 15:24  Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.  1Co 15:25  For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.  1Co 15:26  The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.  1Co 15:27  For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.  1Co 15:28  And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.

The phrase "that God may be all in all" seems to me to be a reference to Zechariah 14:9 and how it shall be fulfilled in harmony with the passages that say that messiah reigns forever:

Rev 11:15  And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he [God] shall reign for ever and ever.  Rev 11:16  And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped God,  Rev 11:17  Saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned.  Rev 11:18  And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.

Psa_10:16  The LORD is King for ever and ever: the heathen are perished out of his land.

Psa_29:10  The LORD sitteth upon the flood; yea, the LORD sitteth King for ever.

Luk 1:31  And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.  Luk 1:32  He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:  Luk 1:33  And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.

So to recap:

Zech 14:9 looks forward to the day when the messiah, from God's right hand and wielding a rod of iron subdues all the nations. At that point the kingdom is returned to God and the messiah is king only of Israel. The messiah is then a subject king and God presides as King of King over the whole earth, alone:

Psa_10:16  The LORD is King for ever and ever: the heathen are perished out of his land.

This is also the "until" mentioned when the messiah is enthroned:

Psa 110:1  A Psalm of David. The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

This is precisely of which Paul speaks when he says "for he must reign until He has put all his enemies under his feet".

  • Thank you for this succinct answer. This is certainly the most thoughtful and biblical answer provided.
    – Lance
    Jan 21 at 16:05

It doesn't matter if Ezekiel knew Deuteronomy or not. He quotes the ancient prayer of when a person comes to the end of their life, in order to explain the idea of his prophecy.

Actually we can say that this SHMA ISRAEL statement reveals the end of the world. Meanwhile one say it on his own life but Ezekiel speaks of the end of everybody's (every sinner's) life - the end of the world.

When all people in the world would say SHMA ISRAEL it will be on that day when the world will end (and it doesn't matter what one actually will say because the world will ending).


"On that day shall the Lord be one and His name one"

i.e. there will be no difference between the Lord and His four-letter name.

His four-letter name being the initial letters of "yom hashishi vay'chulu hashamayim", the last two words of Genesis 1:31 and the first two words of Genesis 2:1, marking the completion of creation, joining together the six days of creation and the seventh day of rest into a new day one (or eighth day) as "that day"

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    Your statements about 'four letter name' and 'initial letters' are purely speculative and you have not supported your theory with any documentation.
    – Nigel J
    Apr 25, 2018 at 12:28

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