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I wonder Why is it so abrupt the change between Mark 9:37 and Mark 9:38?

Whosoever shall receive one of such children in my name, receiveth me: and whosoever shall receive me, receiveth not me, but him that sent me.

And John answered him, saying, Master, we saw one casting out devils in thy name, and he followeth not us: and we forbad him, because he followeth not us. Mark 9:37-38

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    That does not seem (to me) to be an 'abrupt change'. In the context of receiving 'such children' (as are in the arms of Jesus) John raises the (very real) issue of one who professes the name of Jesus but does not (exactly or fully) 'follow' with the majority company or the eldership authority. It is a practical response to Jesus' words and a very real issue among professed Christians.
    – Nigel J
    May 18, 2022 at 13:59
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    I agree with @NigelJ - you will need to explain why you believe there is an abrupt change.
    – Dottard
    May 19, 2022 at 1:57
  • Mark is regarded as quite jumpy in general, partly owing to the fact that he loves the word "immediately". May 19, 2022 at 3:26
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    @LukeSawczak 'Jumpy' is unsuitable. Mark reports a narrative of observable events. The events were 'immediate' and Mark is accurate.
    – Nigel J
    May 19, 2022 at 9:20
  • many parts in the book of Mark were added and can not be found in older manuscripts. I wonder if this is not the case of this portion of text. May 30, 2022 at 18:04

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An understanding of the structure of Mark's gospel will help explain. Unlike the other accounts of Jesus' life on earth, Mark has greater emphasis on what Jesus did than on what he said. Mark writes with a sense of speed, of movement, of hastening on from one event to the next. It is only when he gets to the final days of Jesus' life that he slows down and goes into more detail about what Jesus said. But in the section you enquire about, Mark continues to give immediacy to what Jesus did. The words, 'suddenly' and 'straightway', appear three times in the previous 36 verses of that chapter.

However, there is no break at all between verse 37 and 38, for after Jesus' statement about receiving a child in his name, "John answered him..." This is John's response to what Jesus had just said. There is no change of subject because John saw the link between the disciples' arguing about who of them was the greatest (vss.33-34), and Jesus using a little child as an example to teach them humility. Here is how the matter is explained in this book. Speaking of the disciples, the author shows how their being called apart by Jesus should affect them:

"They are different in their nature from the world. That is what the passage in Mk.9:30 to 10:52 shows. There is a distinction, and it is a distinction in nature." (Mark, p153, John Metcalfe, 2009 reprint)

Notice how half of chapter 9 and all of chapter 10 are included in this matter? There is no break between the two verses mentioned, for those are part of all the other verses involved.

"A new phase begins at Mark 9:30. 'They departed thence'. ...'For he taught his disciples, and said unto them, The Son of man is delivered into the hands of men, and they shall kill him...' 'They understood not that saying, and were afraid to ask him.'

Yet they understood the world's sayings and were not afraid to ask each other. But he knew all things, and, when he came to Capernaum, being in the house, he enquired of them what he knew perfectly well: 'What was it that ye disputed among yourselves by the way?' But they held their peace: for by the way they had disputed among themselves who should be the greatest...

And he sat down, and called the twelve, and said unto them, 'If any man desire to be first, the same shall be last of all, and servant of all.' Now this is the opposite of the driving motive of this world's society. But it is the distinction of Christ and the gospel. And it distinguishes those who aspire to a better resurrection.

And he took a child, and set him in the midst of them: and when he had taken him in his arms he said unto them, 'Whosoever shall receive one of such little children in my name receiveth me: and whosoever shall receive me, receiveth not me, but him that sent me.'

...Neither able nor conscious of aspiration to the greatness sought by the awe-inspiring adults towering over him, the little child was not only the embodiment of the spirit that was in Jesus, but of the Father also. Now, here is the distinction of Christ and the gospel.

Reflecting upon the disciples' dispute, and Jesus' embracing the little child as their example, John is troubled as he recalls an incident in which the disciples rebuked one who had cast out demons in Jesus' name, forbidding him because 'he followeth not us.'

But what had been their motive? Evidently John felt it to be the desire to be the greatest. This gave rise to indignation against one not deferring to their prominence... nevertheless, 'he that is not against us is on our part', Mk.9:40. As to the disciples' deeper motive, the desire to be the greatest, this had been corrected by the incident of the little child. As to those 'on our part', even if only giving a cup of water to the disciples, if it were - as the casting out of demons - 'in my name', none would lack reward. Why not? Because the disciples 'belong to Christ'.

If one cast out demons 'in my name'; if one give a cup of water to those who belong to Christ 'in my name'; let the disciples beware... where on earth, in any society of this world, will submission to such doctrine be found? It will be found nowhere, save among the 'little ones'. But these belong to a society other than this world. Yet how shall such a nature be preserved in them, to whom by nature such humiliating self-denial is so contrary? By Salt." (Ibid. p156 ff)

When one bears in mind the earlier roadway dispute amongst the disciples, then it becomes clear why Jesus used that little child to illustrate their lack of humility. Then, when John responded the way he did, that betrayed the niggling matter of pride of position the episode of the man casting out demons in Jesus' name had triggered. The exhortation to be like a little child; that to give a cup of water to a little child in Jesus' name was equal to casting out demons in Jesus' name (even if the person was not one of them), joined to shame the disciples about their worldly desire for positions of prominence. This is how Mark skillfully joins those three events together. We look at them disparately to our cost.

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  • Great answer, and good discussion of the structure of the Gospel of Mark - more emphasis on what Jesus did than what He said, very true. +1 May 19, 2022 at 15:50

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