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In Exodus 26:30 (NASB)

30 Then you shall erect the tabernacle according to its plan which you have been shown on the mountain.

What is "the mountain"?

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    Mount Sinai/Mount Horeb. Upon which mountain (with two names) are revealed two covenants.
    – Nigel J
    Jan 28 at 20:40
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This is quite uncomplicated. When Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt, we have the following sequence of events:

  • Ex 19:1-3 - they arrived at Mt Sinai
  • Ex 19:4-25 - Moses relays messages between the God and the people and vis-versa in preparation for the giving of the law in Ex 20-23.
  • During this time Moses ascends and descends the Mountain of Sinai, see Ex 19:11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 20, 23, etc.
  • Moses then received further instructions about the construction of the tabernacle "in the mountain" of Sinai while the Israelites remained camped at its base. Ex 24:4, 1517, 18. See also Ex 25:8.

Thus, the entire mountain from which Moses received instruction is Mt Sinai and was constantly referenced in other places such as Ex 26:30, 31:18, 32:1, 15, 34:2, 3, 4, 29, etc.

Mt Sinai was also called Mt Horeb.

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