Frank Luke
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5 answers
18 votes
9k views
What are the arguments in favor of Matthean Priority?
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26 votes

External Evidence Matthew is almost unanimously testified as the oldest gospel by the church fathers. Clement of Alexandria even supported both Matthew and Luke as before Mark. This is significant ...

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12 answers
26 votes
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Jesus' command to hate your father and mother in Luke 14:26
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The similar command in Matthew 10:37 shows that the ancient world understood this saying of Jesus to be not complete hatred 37 "Anyone who loves their father or mother more than me is not worthy ...

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2 answers
41 votes
11k views
What were the historical reasons why the Book of Enoch was excluded from most Christian canons?
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46 votes

First Enoch (or the Ethiopic Enoch) stands alone among the Jewish apocalypses for length, diversity, and richness.1 No other ancient non-canonical work influenced the Jewish world of the first century ...

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3 votes
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Is Genesis 6:9 referring to Noah's genetic purity?
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The word always refers to being "complete, perfect" as seen in the lexicons and word books. A difference is seen how it applies to animals and humans. Tamim when referring to Animals When the Bible ...

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2 votes
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Did the Commandment "You shall not commit adultery" Originally Refer to Miscegenation?
5 votes

Others have answered regarding the Greek of the Septuagint. However, since this is from Exodus, the Hebrew should also be considered. The Hebrew word used in Exodus 20:14 is na'aph, the root of which ...

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1 answers
3 votes
258 views
Didn't Pharaoh or Joseph warn the Egyptians of the severity & timeframe of the famine?
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4 votes

Joseph's advice to Pharaoh for this warning was to appoint a foreman to prepare for the coming catastrophe. 41:33-36 “So now Pharaoh should look for a wise and discerning man and give him ...

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4 answers
6 votes
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In John 8:48 was "Samaritan" an attack on Jesus' ethnicity, conduct or an insult?
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Jesus does answer the charge of being a Samaritan when he says, "“but I honor my Father and you dishonor me." Samaritan religious practices were considered a syncretism of Jewish and pagan rites. Both ...

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6 answers
14 votes
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How authentic is Codex Sinaiticus?
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25 votes

To answer your first question, we should not simply accept Sinaiticus as "the source of the truth for the New Testament". It has great weight in debates from its age, but age is not the final arbiter ...

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1 answers
3 votes
62 views
Who names Seth?
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וַתִּקְרָ֥א אֶת־שְׁמ֖וֹ שֵׁ֑ת means "And she called his name 'Seth'". Hava is speaking in the portion of the verse in question. וַתִּקְרָ֥א is the qal imperfect 3fs of qara' (he called). 3fs stands ...

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1 answers
2 votes
136 views
Why Put is defined as a Persian Tribe
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4 votes

A multilingual stele from al-Kabrit (Saudi Arabia) dating from the reign of Darius I (550–486 BC) provides some of the modern confusion here (but it would not explain Strong as it was discovered long ...

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1 answers
2 votes
177 views
In Genesis 24, camel reference
5 votes

The gamal refers to both two-humped camels and dromedaries. If you are referring to the same archaeology studies I have looked at, some things need to be born in mind when applying it to the Biblical ...

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5 answers
0 votes
135 views
Salvation to Gentiles Apart from the Pauline Letters
1 votes

Matthew records the Great Commission: 28:19-20 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, teaching them to obey ...

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1 answers
3 votes
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In Acts 21:4 - What does "Through the Spirit" Mean?
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The passage here appears to be in contradiction with Acts 20:22, where the Spirit compels Paul to go to Jerusalem. Acts 20:22 And now, compelled by the Spirit, I am going to Jerusalem without ...

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3 answers
6 votes
6k views
What is the "baptism of John" described in Acts 18:25?
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I have read some authors state that Apollos was not yet saved; however, Luke does not record anyone telling him to be rebaptized even when the way of God is explained to him better (vs. 26). If that ...

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3 answers
8 votes
505 views
What is the validity of the charges in Acts 17:6-7?
1 votes

Luke has a pattern of letting Christianity's accusers speak for themselves. It is true that Christianity was causing trouble throughout the Empire wherever it went. However, Luke's record attempts to ...

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1 answers
3 votes
571 views
Which Ezra is mentioned in Nehemiah 12:1?
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1 votes

In Ezra 7:11, that Ezra is described as both priest and scribe. In Nehemiah 12:26, Ezra "the priestly scribe" [Hebrew: "the priest, the scribe"] is mentioned in conjunction with Nehemiah "the governor....

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2 answers
6 votes
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Did Jesus assert Judas Iscariot a place in heaven?
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2 votes

It should not be 11. Twelve is the correct number. The promise for some present to sit on the twelve thrones, as marked by the Hebrew "amen, amen" which translated into "certainly!", did not refer to ...

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4 answers
6 votes
2k views
Does "new" in New Heavens and New Earth mean "renewed" or "new creation"?
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3 votes

Though some make a case for a renewal of the Heavens and earth based on such references as “the everlasting hills” (Genesis 49:26; Habakkuk 3:6) and the earth being “established forever” (Psalms 78:69;...

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1 answers
7 votes
401 views
Repetitive name change in Esther
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4 votes

Yes. The name is spelled three different ways in the Hebrew text. Those differences are preserved in the transliterations you mention. Esther 1:10 - Bigtha - בגתא Esther 2:21 - Bigthan - בגתן ...

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4 answers
14 votes
484 views
When the Bible says "the world", does that only include Eurasia and Africa?
10 votes

There are places in the Bible where "the world" means less than the globe, yet it would still not include all of Africa or Eurasia. For instance, "all the world should be taxed" (Luke 2:1). Clearly, ...

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3 answers
6 votes
3k views
Why was Rachel buried in Canaan?
3 votes

The word used is buried (qbr), but we should not assume that refers to only modern-style graves and not tombs. For example, in Genesis 23, Abraham offers to buy land to gbr Sarah (23:4). The people he ...

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3 answers
15 votes
68k views
Why did the witnesses lay their coats at Paul's feet?
15 votes

They are stoning him, and as such take him outside the city to a pit. There, they will strip him and hurl rocks on him until he dies. They are to aim for the chest, but precision is impossible. ...

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3 answers
8 votes
2k views
Ehud, a Left-Handed Man
5 votes

Ehud was a Benjamite and the phrase translated "left handed man" is a very interesting Hebrew idiom. It literally reads "a man bound/restricted in his right hand." The same phrase ...

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2 answers
3 votes
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What did Jesus mean when he referred to the book of Psalms as the Law?
3 votes

Traditionally, all of the Tanak can be referred to as Torah. The word "Torah" is a tricky one, because it can mean different things in different contexts. In its most limited sense, "...

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9 answers
31 votes
11k views
Arguments for early/late date of authorship of Daniel
18 votes

More on the linguistics for an early date. It is more proper to say that Hebrew had changed drastically by the 2nd century BC. Lingual shifts had happened but it was still a living language. The ...

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3 answers
16 votes
8k views
How many people were involved in the Exodus?
10 votes

The argument I have read is that the word often translated thousands means "fighting units" and the number after is the number of soldiers in those units. Thus, it would be "64 units, 400 soldiers ...

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1 answers
4 votes
137 views
Acts 2:6: What does τῆς φωνῆς ταύτης refer to?
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2 votes

While the phrase "this sound" could refer to either the sound of the wind (vs. 2) or the speaking in tongues (vs. 4), several facts point to "this sound" being the speaking in tongues. The most ...

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2 answers
6 votes
1k views
Who is the "we" that plays the flute and sings the dirge in Luke 7:32?
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4 votes

The "we" refers to the children of this generation. They are the ones who think they call the shots, but the men of God (John and Jesus) do not do what the scribes and Pharisees want. Notice how the ...

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20 answers
78 votes
50k views
In John 1:1c, should the Greek word θεὸς be translated into English as “a god” or “God”?
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94 votes

Short answer: no. Long answer: While the Greek lacks the definite article on theos in the clause under discussion, that doesn't mean the English should be translated with an indefinite article. ...

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1 answers
5 votes
1k views
What does the abbreviation "Tg. Ps.-J" mean?
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7 votes

Tg. Ps. J stands for Targum of Pseudo Jonathan. It is a Targum of the western tradition, a translation of the Pentateuch. It is called Pseudo Jonathan because for years it was thought to be the work ...

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