Frank Luke
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In John 1:1c, should the Greek word θεὸς be translated into English as “a god” or “God”?
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96 votes

Short answer: no. Long answer: While the Greek lacks the definite article on theos in the clause under discussion, that doesn't mean the English should be translated with an indefinite article. ...

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In Judges 11:39-40 did Jephthah actually sacrifice his daughter?
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53 votes

In support of the human sacrifice theory, Kaiser in Hard Sayings of the Bible says: People, even servants of God, do horrid things. This era was very corrupt and there is no reason to see Jephthah ...

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What were the historical reasons why the Book of Enoch was excluded from most Christian canons?
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47 votes

First Enoch (or the Ethiopic Enoch) stands alone among the Jewish apocalypses for length, diversity, and richness.1 No other ancient non-canonical work influenced the Jewish world of the first century ...

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What language did Jesus commonly speak?
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37 votes

Jon gives a good answer as to why Jesus would have been able to speak Greek, Aramaic, and Hebrew. He also asked for more information regarding the existence of Hebrew in the Land at the time of Jesus. ...

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Was the text of Matthew 28:19 changed?
28 votes

The position in the question, that Father, Son, and Holy Spirit is not original to Matthew 28:19 is held today by very few scholars. Those that do point to a quotation from the early church historian ...

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What are the arguments in favor of Matthean Priority?
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26 votes

External Evidence Matthew is almost unanimously testified as the oldest gospel by the church fathers. Clement of Alexandria even supported both Matthew and Luke as before Mark. This is significant ...

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How authentic is Codex Sinaiticus?
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25 votes

To answer your first question, we should not simply accept Sinaiticus as "the source of the truth for the New Testament". It has great weight in debates from its age, but age is not the final arbiter ...

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Why does God say he only revealed his name, Yahweh, to Moses?
23 votes

This apparent contradiction can be resolved without the documentary hypothesis. As Bruce Alderman pointed out, Gen 17 is considered an E passage, yet it uses YHWH in the very first verse. Similarly, ...

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Why is the "give to Caesar what is Caesar's" answer so great?
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21 votes

The Pharisees were trying to trap Him. They thought they had an air tight dilemma. If Jesus says "pay the taxes," it will turn the common people (the people of the land) against Him. It would also ...

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What arguments exist that would refute the theory concerning Aramaic primacy of the New Testament?
20 votes

Noah has given an excellent answer, but I would like to give other issues with Aramaic primacy. There are NT fragments in Greek that are older than anything in Aramaic. Very early fragments. The ...

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Did Moses have an Egyptian name?
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20 votes

I believe your first option is the best but with a little modification. Moses originally had an Egyptian name that sounded almost exactly like a Hebrew name. The pun involved in the name is ...

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What are the similarities and differences between the Genesis creation account and other creation stories of the time
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19 votes

Enuma Elish and Genesis have the strongest connection in their first lines--"In the beginning" vs. "When on high." Some say that Genesis is written as a polemic against Enuma Elish. They are very ...

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Arguments for early/late date of authorship of Daniel
18 votes

More on the linguistics for an early date. It is more proper to say that Hebrew had changed drastically by the 2nd century BC. Lingual shifts had happened but it was still a living language. The ...

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Was Balaam a true follower of Yahweh?
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17 votes

The first two reasons are easy to understand with Balaam being a pagan prophet. After all his encounters with God and the angel threatening to kill him, Balaam doesn't dare do anything except speak ...

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Was Barnabas ever reconciled to Paul?
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16 votes

The events of Act 15 are dated to AD 48. It is worth noting that Paul and Barnabas solved the immediate problem in a good way. When compromise was impossible ("I want X," "Not a chance&...

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Did Satan father Cain?
16 votes

Satan is the father of Cain in that Cain acted like Satan. Genesis tells us that Adam (literally "the man") fathered Cain and Abel. Genesis 4:1 Now the man had relations with his wife Eve, and she ...

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Why is there numerical ambiguity in Matthew 18:21-22?
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16 votes

The ambiguity comes from a difference between the Hebrew Old Testament and the Septuagint (a Greek translation). Jesus is teaching to forgive by reversing the statement of Lamech in Genesis 4. Gen 4:...

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Why did the witnesses lay their coats at Paul's feet?
15 votes

They are stoning him, and as such take him outside the city to a pit. There, they will strip him and hurl rocks on him until he dies. They are to aim for the chest, but precision is impossible. ...

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Did Jesus call God YHWH?
15 votes

No. The tetragrammaton was not used in Jesus' time. Faithful Jews would avoid saying it so as to not transgress the third commandment. The most common circumlocution was "Lord" (Andonai in Hebrew or ...

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Revelation: Before or after AD70?
15 votes

I did look into this for a paper on Revelation and First Enoch (The Canonicity of Apocalyptic Literature). Whenever it was written, Revelation aims to encourage Christians during an imperial ...

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What does "put the branch to their nose" in Ezekiel 8:17 mean?
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15 votes

From the IVP Bible Background Commentary: Old Testament: 8:17. "branch to the nose." There is an Akkadian expression (laban appi) that refers to a gesture of humility used to come ...

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Does Genesis's creation account depict creation "ex nihilo"?
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15 votes

I disagree with Young's there. Hebrew syntax is very different than English, but I have difficulty seeing how Young got there. Tense in Biblical Hebrew is non-existent (Essentials of Biblical Hebrew,...

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How does the Noah's Ark narrative relate to the Gilgamesh flood account?
15 votes

There are some very close similarities but also some drastic differences. For similarities, there are a hero who builds a boat to preserve those chosen by a god. They build the boat with levels ...

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Jesus' command to hate your father and mother in Luke 14:26
14 votes

The similar command in Matthew 10:37 shows that the ancient world understood this saying of Jesus to be not complete hatred 37 "Anyone who loves their father or mother more than me is not worthy ...

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Does Gen 1:1 refer to day 1 or the entire 6 days of creation?
14 votes

Something interesting I noticed in the Hebrew of Gen 1 is that almost every verse begins with a waw-consecutive. That is a grammatical construct that indicates a direct, chronological sequence. That ...

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Locations of the graves of the Patriarchs
14 votes

Stephen's interpretation is called "telescoping," conflating two very similar accounts into one. Telescoping was not an unusual phenomenon in the Land at the time. (Bruce, FF. The Book of Acts: New ...

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What is the difference in the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God?
13 votes

Some say the "Kingdom of Heaven" refers to the a physical/political kingdom on earth while the "Kingdom of God" is the spiritual, coming reign of Christ. Arguments against the two ...

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Assessments of the evidence for the "Gap Theory" reading of Genesis 1:1-2?
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12 votes

Note: Since some gap theory arguments rely on phrasing in the King James, I will be quoting from the KJV unless otherwise noted. All verses will be examined in the KJV, other versions will be listed ...

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Does Nazarene Sect mean Nazarene Cult?
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12 votes

This name for the early Christians is unique to this passage of Paul on trial. While Tertullus, the prosecutor in this case, intended the word to be derogatory, a sect was not a cult. A sect then was ...

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Why is a singular verb used to describe both Moses and Aaron?
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12 votes

Gesenius in his Hebrew Grammar (Kautzsch/Cowley edition, commonly GKC) spends several pages on "Agreement between Members of a Sentence, especially between Subject and Predicate in respect of ...

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