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21

Let us be extremely clear about what Lev 18 is discussing which is explicitly stated in V3 - You must not follow the practices of the land of Egypt, where you used to live, and you must not follow the practices of the land of Canaan, into which I am bringing you. You must not walk in their customs. Thus, the series of prohibitions concerning sexual ...


21

What isn't addressed in other answers is where the claim comes from. Without understanding the claim, they fail to counter it. In particular, they all rely on the common English versions of the verses, where the claim arises from analysis of the original Hebrew. And one of the complications is that nearly every English translation adds a key word that may be ...


9

It is the 3rd and 7th day after touching the dead corpse That seems somewhat implied from the context of the verses you quote. I honestly would not have ever thought to consider Tuesday/Saturday, but in thinking about your question, I could see how someone might question it (though days of the week are not really mentioned in context). However, the ...


8

The Greek translated "for this reason" is διὰ τοῦτο (lit. "because of this"). The phrase is formulaic and uses the neuter demonstrative pronoun τοῦτο ("this") regardless of the antecedent, which is generally abstract. So to OP's #1: there is no strictly syntactic explanation apart from the context. Starting in v. 21 Jesus says: ἓν ἔργον ἐποίησα καὶ ...


7

You write, However, Torah couldn't possibly be written before the split between Israel and Judah. They each got their own slightly different torah. Neither have power to "correct" the other. I disagree. The fact that both Israel and Judah have their own slightly different version of the Pentateuch is actually evidence that the Pentateuch was written ...


7

The hypothesis of a link between the Five Books of the Psalmer and the Five Books of Moses is not a novel one. It dates back to even some of the earliest interpreters: The ancient rabbins saw in the Five Books of the Psalter the image of the Five Books of the Law. This way of looking on the Psalms as a second Pentateuch, the echo of the first, passed over ...


7

It is helpful to understand the purpose(s) of the Mosaic Law. Quickly: It was intended to point people to their need for a Savior (Gal 3:19; Rom 5:20). It was intended to highlight their sinful nature (Rom 7:7). It taught many aspects of God and peoples' relationship to him. For examples, the sacrificial system was a reminder of humanity's need for a ...


7

The OP has only given half the context. Verses 3 and 4 spell it out completely: 3You shall not do as they do in the land of Egypt, where you lived, and you shall not do as they do in the land of Canaan, to which I am bringing you. You shall not walk in their statutes. 4You shall follow my rules and keep my statutes and walk in them. I am the LORD your God. ...


6

Verse 33 explains what’s going on: ולא ילמדו עוד איש את־רעהו ואיש את־אחיו לאמר דעו את־ה׳; כי־כולם ידעו אותי למקטנם ועד־גדולם נאם-ה׳ כי אסלח לעונם ולחטאתם לא אזכר־עוד׃ and they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying: ‘Know the LORD’; for they shall all know Me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, ...


6

The New Bible Dictionary states: For centuries both Judaism and Christianity accepted without question the biblical tradition that Moses wrote the Pentateuch. Ben-Sira (Ecclus. 24:23), Philo (Life of Moses 3. 39), Josephus (Ant. 4.326), the Mishnah (Pirqê Abôth 1. 1), and the Talmud (Baba Bathra 14b) are unanimous in their acceptance of the ...


5

First, let me put into context that "new covenant" as used in Jeremiah does not mean a covenant that replaces an "old covenant." When we speak of "the Covenant" we are usually talking about the one between the Jewish people and God made at Mt. Sinai. But that covenant was not the first, nor the last covenant between G-d and the Jewish people. See, e.g. Gen....


5

Understanding the Hebrew calendar in 2021 CE. - The 2nd Hebrew Month of "Ziv" will begin April 11, 2021 CE when the new moon appears. The 14th day of Ziv is the Eve of a Full Moon. The 15th Day of Ziv is a Full Moon - which will be April 26, 2021 CE. Regarding the 1st Hebrew Month of "Aviv", the Full Moon is also on the 15th day. The Full ...


4

This is begging the question; who (from a Hebrew Bible–only perspective, remember) says that Melchizedek is a particularly important figure? He seems to be a historical curiosity, someone not of Abraham’s descent who taught the worship of the One God.¹ There are, of course, significant doctrinal implications to the fact that the One God had worshipers ...


4

The way the date is given is perfectly in keeping with how dates are cited in Biblical Hebrew: first the year (described in relation to a significant figure), then the month and day. So for example, Haggai 1:1, "In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, on the first day of the month." It is clearly not the sixth month/first day of Darius' ...


4

The bride (or her parents) paid the dowry. If there was a divorce the bride got her money back. Concubines got nothing after a 'divorce' as no dowry was paid. A wife paid to get married, a concubine did not. A contract was drawn up in the case of the wife but not the concubine. This answer is based on deduction from what scriptural refereces there are and ...


4

According to rabbinic sources, women, children, and slaves, are not required to fulfill any commandment which is classified as a "מצות עשה שהזמן גרמא" (mitzvat asei shehazman gerama), a positive commandment dependent on time: וכל מצות עשה שהזמן גרמה אנשים חיבין ונשים פטורות, וכל מצות עשה שלא הזמן גרמה אחד אנשים ואחד נשים חיבין. (Mishna Kiddushin 1:...


4

Midrash and PaRDeS One aspect of Jesus ministry often centered around demonstrating his authority and credibility above and beyond that of other rabbis like the Pharisees. At the time, Jewish scholarship was developing midrashic tradition that would eventually coalesce in the Mishna working with Oral Torah and the Halakha. In order to assert his authority ...


4

The question states the opinion that : Bauer-Danker-Arndt-Gingrich Greek lexicon cites Mark 10:18 to show that Jesus did not equate himself with the Lord God the Father of the Shema. In support of this opinion, the OP quotes from BDAG the following : BDAG θεος 2. Some writings in our lit. use the word θ. w. ref. to Christ (without necessarily equating ...


4

They became known as “the Ten Commandments” from many modern English translations of the words עֲשֶׂרֶת הַדְּבָרִים in Exo. 34:28, Deu. 4:13, and Deu. 10:4.1 Footnotes         1 Yes, the Hebrew עֲשֶׂרֶת הַדְּבָרִים literally means “the ten words” or “the ten sayings.” Tyndale translated it as “the ten verses” and Wycliffe as “ten wordis” (ten words).


4

There are many indispensable tools in linguistic translation, but two of the more important in Hebrew translation are Lexicons and the Septuagint. Lexicons are important because, as wikipedia says Linguistic theories generally regard human languages as consisting of two parts: a lexicon, essentially a catalogue of a language's words (its wordstock); and a ...


4

This relates to the shmita and Jubilees - these were explained earlier in Leviticus 25. LEV 25:14 “If you sell land to any of your own people or buy land from them, do not take advantage of each other. 15 You are to buy from your own people on the basis of the number of years since the Jubilee. And they are to sell to you on the basis of the number of years ...


3

I think you misunderstand what factors cause a person to become ritually impure and the dietary laws known as kashrut. The crow/raven is in a class of birds that are "unclean" meaning that they are not suitable for eating. The Torah's list of clean birds is limited to birds who are not birds of prey and those who are not scavengers, like the crow. These we ...


3

You are correct to say that the two verses in Genesis imply that the time from the 17th day of the 2nd month to the 17th day of the 7th month is exactly 5 x 30 = 150 days; that is: each month is exactly 30 days. What you overlook is that in a lunar calendar the time from one sighting of the new moon to the next sighting will be 30 days in about half of the ...


3

According to Rashi who quotes the Talmud (Menahot 78a), Exodus 29:2 is referring to three different types of מַצׇּה: לֶחֶם מַצּוֹת - Scalded (unleavened) dough (רבוכה) חַלֹּת מַצֹּת - Unleavened loaves רְקִיקֵי מַצּוֹת - Unleavened wafers Moses put equal amounts of oil into all three types of matzah, and ten loaves of each type were brought during the ...


3

The Cosmic Temple Among others, both John Walton (Genesis 1 as Ancient Cosmology) and G.K. Beale (The Temple and the Church's Mission) argue that the cosmos and Eden are constructed in Genesis 1-2 in terminology fitting of a temple. Beale in an article titled, "Eden, The Temple, And The Church's Mission In The New Creation", elaborates at least ...


3

בִּשְׁנַת שֵׁשׁ־מֵאֹות שָׁנָה לְחַיֵּי־נֹחַ בַּחֹדֶשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי בְּשִׁבְעָה־עָשָׂר יֹום לַחֹדֶשׁ Literally: In year 600 of the years (belonging) to the life of Noah, in month two, in (the) 17(th) day (belonging) to the month. "Year 600 of the years (belonging) to the life of Noah", means the year ending with his 600th birthday, i.e., the year when he was ...


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