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13 votes

Is there an "official" Septuagint; that is, one that is univesally recognized as such?

Like other ancient books, we only have copies (of copies of copies) of the Septuagint. So, at a basic level, no, there is no official Septuagint. Scholars attempt to reconstruct a text based on an ...
adam.baker's user avatar
11 votes
Accepted

What are the oldest copies we have of LXX

As alluded to in the question, the primary (mostly) complete witnesses to the text of the Septuagint are codices bound up with the Christian New Testament. Pride of place goes to Vaticanus in which we ...
Susan's user avatar
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11 votes

Does the postfixed χ in Jewish Greek transliterations simply denote the aleph, i.e. vs. other vowels?

For OP's question: Is the chi (χ) used to indicate the kind of a vowel in the original Hebrew (namley the aleph א), a transliteration as it is from Hebrew in already Hebraic Greek? The short ...
Dɑvïd's user avatar
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11 votes

Why did St. Jerome use "virago" in Gen. 2:23?

In the Hebrew text, there is a play on words, as “man” is אִישׁ (ish), and “woman” is אִשָּׁה (isha). Jerome explains why he chose to use virago rather than the common word to refer to a woman, mulier....
Der Übermensch's user avatar
10 votes

Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin?

The Sign of Immanuel in Isaiah 7:14 is the single most debated text in scripture. Dozens—literally dozens—of PhD dissertations have been written on it. There are three main questions inherent in the ...
J.Hawk's user avatar
  • 131
10 votes
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How can we trust the Hebrew Bible to be accurate when the oldest MSS go back only to about the tenth century C.E.?

39+ different answers The Old Testament is not a single book, but a collection of 39 books (or 46, depending on who you ask). Some of these books are well-attested in Hebrew before the 10th century, ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
8 votes

What did Jesus likely say in John 8:58?

Professor of Religious Studies , Jason David BeDuhn of Northern Arizona University in his book "TRUTH IN TRANSLATION Accuracy and Bias of the New Testament" compares ten major English ...
Ozzie  Ozzie's user avatar
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8 votes
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In Psalm 82:1 who are in the "congregation" and who are the "gods"?

Background In their commentary Adele Berlin and Marc Zvi Brettler have this to say about Psalm 82: A vision of a heavenly court where God condemns those who judge unfairly. The psalm plays on the ...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
8 votes
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Why does the LXX translate דֹּדֶ֖יךָ as μαστοί in Song of Songs 1:2?

The consonantal text, דדיך, can be read דַּדַּיִך, from דַּד "nipple" (Ezekiel 23:3,8,21). This was the reading used in translating דדיך as μαστοί σου. The meaning "beloved" is consistently spelled ...
b a's user avatar
  • 3,756
8 votes
Accepted

Son of theos vs son of kyrios

We can translate John 11:27 from Greek to English. John 11:27 (Greek New Testament) λέγει αὐτῷ· ναὶ κύριε, ἐγὼ πεπίστευκα ὅτι σὺ εἶ ὁ χριστὸς ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ ὁ εἰς τὸν κόσμον ἐρχόμενος. She said to ...
ktm5124's user avatar
  • 1,471
7 votes
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Are nous and pneuma synonymous?

No, they are not synonymous. In way of background, we note that the Hebrew rûaḥ is commonly rendered by the Greek pneuma, both commonly rendered by the English spirit. The OP is wondering why, in ...
Susan's user avatar
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6 votes

Why is there a difference of 100 (or 50) years in the age of the patriarchs at their first sons' dates of birth between the LXX, SP and MT?

Both textual traditions (along with the Samaritan Pentateuch, which has similarities with each) predate Christianity by centuries. Basically, texts, whether religious, or otherwise, present a rainbow-...
6 votes

Were NT authors aware of differences between MT and LXX

The Masoretic Text (MT) did not come into existence until some 700 years after the New Testament was written. As such, there is no possible way the New Testament writers could have anticipated ...
user33515's user avatar
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6 votes
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Is Romans 3:10 a quote from the Septuagint?

For Psalms 14 & 53 as a whole, mostly "yes" A few opening thoughts: Yes, it does seem like he is using or borrowing from the Septuagint in particular. Yes, it seems to be a kind of quote/...
Jesse's user avatar
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6 votes
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MT "will strike" & LXX "will watch carefully" (Gen 3:15)?

The hebrew root שׁוף means 'to bruise, to strike or to crush'. The greek word τηρέω is able to translate as 'to watch carefully', but the indicative future like in Gen 3,15, it means 'to lie in ...
FlyingDragon's user avatar
6 votes

Leviticus 18:21 in LXX different?

MT reads: וּמִֽזַּרְעֲךָ֥ לֹא־תִתֵּ֖ן לְהַעֲבִ֣יר לַמֹּ֑לֶךְ and you shall not give your seed as an offering to m-l-ch I think this is one of those situations where the three letter root m - l - ch (...
Robert's user avatar
  • 8,452
5 votes

Why does the Septuagint omit Isaiah 2:22 when it's in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Leningrad Codex?

The basic answer to your question: Why does the Septuagint omit Isaiah 2:22 when it's in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Leningrad Codex? is of course: because the Septuagint was not translated from the ...
Susan's user avatar
  • 26.5k
5 votes

The LXX and Masoretic differ in Is 30:15. Do the DSS help here?

According to the KJV, the Masoretic Text reads: For thus saith the Lord GOD, the Holy One of Israel; In returning and rest shall ye be saved; In quietness and in confidence shall be your ...
user33515's user avatar
  • 12.3k
5 votes

Zechariah’s vision: one or two donkeys?

Zechariah’s vision: one or two donkeys? Answer: There were two donkeys, and for good reason. First, we might recognize that all four Gospels refer to this event, that of Christ's Triumphal Entry into ...
Xeno's user avatar
  • 9,258
5 votes
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Why does the apostle Peter misquote Isaiah 28:16 in [1 Peter 2:6]?

Isaiah 28:16ἰδοὺ ἐγὼ ἐμβαλῶ εἰς τὰ θεμέλια Σιὼν λίθον πολυτελῆ ἐκλεκτὸν ἀκρογωνιαῖον, ἔντιμον,εἰς τὰ θεμέλια αὐτῆς,καὶ ὁ πιστεύων ἐπ’ αὐτῷ οὐ μὴ καταισχυνθῇ. 1 Peter 2:6Ἰδοὺ τίθημι ἐν Σιὼν λίθον ...
4 votes

How reliable are the Dead Sea Scrolls as a base to compare against the Masoretic text and the LXX?

The scribes at Qumran had there own scribal practices which were distinct from those practiced during the second Temple period, and in the subsequent period which saw the copying of the Temple scroll ...
Jacob's user avatar
  • 781
4 votes

Why is there a difference of 100 (or 50) years in the age of the patriarchs at their first sons' dates of birth between the LXX, SP and MT?

There are many answers here but most of them are based on pure speculation and fanciful theories with no evidence to back them. So I decided to post a scholarly based answer here. I hope this will be ...
bach's user avatar
  • 7,260
4 votes

How is the Septuagint interpretation of Psalms 40:6 reconciled with the Hebrew text?

As a newbie, I don't have sufficient reputation to comment directly on the above answers: so this response should best be considered as a partial answer to one aspect of the question. How could 'ears' ...
Kevin King's user avatar
4 votes

What did Jesus likely say in John 8:58?

The six times in John's Gospel when Jesus says "I Am" followed by nothing else, which are four times when preaching (8:24,28,58; 13:19) plus two times when responding to the party that had ...
Johannes's user avatar
  • 1,035

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