The best way to understand Paul's teaching here is to see it in the larger context of his teaching about the resurrection.
The source of our eternal life at the resurrection is Jesus and His resurrection. 1 John 5:11, 12, 11:25, Rom 1:4, 6:5, 1 Cor 15:12-21, Phil 3:10, 11, 1 Peter 1:3, 3:21, etc.
The resurrection of the dead will occur at the end of time ...
We only have to check the immediate context to see what Paul understood.
He who began a good work among you will complete it by the day of Christ Jesus. Phil 1:6
that you may be sincere and blameless for the day of Christ v10
Christ will even now, as always, be exalted in my body, whether by life or by death v20
The day of Christ is commonly understood ...
Definition: seemly, equitable, yielding
Usage: gentle, mild, forbearing, fair, reasonable, moderate.
Note that Strong distinguishes between definition and usage. Definition is the lexical/dictionary meaning. Usage is the pragmatic range of meanings found in actual sentences.
Where does the sense of &...
The operative adjective in Phil 4:5 is ἐπιεικής which occurs just five times in the NT - Phil 4:5, 1 Tim 3:3, Titus 3:2, James 3:17, 1 Peter 2:18. The cognate noun occurs in Acts 24:4, 2 Cor 10:1.
According to BDAG, this word means:
not insisting on every right of letter of law or custom, yielding,
gentle, kind, courteous, tolerant
According to Phil 4:5, ...
New International Version
because of your partnership in the gospel from the first day until now,
Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 2842: κοινωνία
κοινωνία, κοινωνίας, ἡ (κοινωνός), fellowship, association, community, communion, joint participation, contact; in the N. T. as in classical Greek
the share which one has in anything, ...
First let us have a direct literal translation of Phlp 2:5-8:
 τουτο γαρ φρονεισθω εν υμιν ο και εν χριστω ιησου  ος εν μορφη θεου υπαρχων ουχ αρπαγμον ηγησατο το ειναι ισα θεω  αλλ εαυτον εκενωσεν μορφην δουλου λαβων εν ομοιωματι ανθρωπων γενομενος  και σχηματι ευρεθεις ως ανθρωπος εταπεινωσεν εαυτον γενομενος υπηκοος μεχρι θανατου θανατου δε ...
Phl 2:3-9 KJV - 3 [Let] nothing [be done] through strife or vainglory;
but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves.
4 Look not every man on his own things, but every man also on the
things of others. 5 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ
Jesus: 6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be
equal with ...
The "Kenosis" (emptying) of Jesus has a HUGE literature - most of which is unnecessary because the answer to the meaning of "emptied Himself" is actually in the very following words. But first note the grammatical pivot that this verb, κενόω, in Phil 2:7 has:
(V6) Though he was God, he did not think of equality with God as
something to ...
Jesus had equality with God which he did not exploit (used for his own benefit) but which he did empty by serving others. He"came to serve not to be served"(Mark 10:45). That is, He used his equality with God for the benefit of others.
Philippians 2:5-8 (NRSV):
5 Let the same mind be in you that was in Christ Jesus, 6 who, though he was in the ...
My rendering of this is a non-trinitarian one, and relies on a keying to John 1:1, which I understand as (following Moffatt) "The Logos existed in the very beginning, the Logos was with God, the Logos was divine."
So I believe this first part "he was in the form of God&...
English Standard Version
who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped,
Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 725: ἁρπαγμός
the act of seizing, robbery (so Plutarch, de book educ. c. 15 (others 14, 37), vol. 2:12 a. the only instance of its use noted in secular authors).
a thing seized or to be seized, booty: ...
Let's see the parallelism in
Their end is destruction,
their god is their belly,
and they glory in their shame,
with minds set on earthly things.
Is the word "belly" here best interpreted specifically in the sense of overeating and gluttony?
Not really, Paul is not talking about ...
There are two major parts to this question which I will deal with sequentially.
A: Equality with God
The idea of Jesus' equality with God is expressed in various ways in the immediate context and in other places such as:
Phil 2:6 - Jesus was "in the form of God"
John 1:1-3 - Jesus was both "with God" and "was God"
John 5:17, 18,...