Short version: Paul tells us the same basic story: he was persecuting Christians in Jerusalem, he was sent to Damascus, he was converted, he left Damascus, and he went to Arabia before going to see the church fathers and beginning his apostlehood. He also says he "has seen Jesus", which he doesn't link to a particular time but it makes sense in his ...
The answer requires multi-level considerations. The meaning of "inerrant" is free from error.
First, is all scripture speaking truth? That answer is No, as we must determine who the speaker of record is. When the adversary speaks, he is speaking a lie (John 8:44). He lied to Eve in Gen. 3:4 by adding the word "not" to God's ...
The potential for exegetical error by treating "God" as a noun to which simple anaphoric axioms are applied may be seen by comparing the openings of the two letters to the Thessalonians:
Since this letter is the second, the exegetical consideration of an
anaphoric use does not begin with the second greeting. Rather, the greeting in the first ...
Human language is imperfect and ambiguous, so different virtues overlap sometimes, or at least their fringes embrace each other; and there are many shades of smilingly one and the same virtue, so that even more nuanced language and terms can be invented to express them (like "compassion" and "empathy" are nearly the same but perhaps not ...
Does Paul mention anywhere in his own writings his encounter with Jesus and his coming to belief in the gospel?
Paul tells us that he was relieved of his heavy bloodguilt by God’s loving-kindness through Jesus Christ, who appeared to him even after his ascension to heaven: “
1 Corinthians 15:8-11 (NASB)
8 And last of all, as to one untimely born, He ...
In 1 Corinthians 5:11, Paul addresses the command to people who claim to be Christians.
But now I am writing to you that you must not associate with anyone who claims to be a brother or sister but is sexually immoral or greedy, an idolater or slanderer, a drunkard or swindler. Do not even eat with such people.
Jesus ate with sinners who had not believed in ...
The tax gatherers eating together with Jesus were not (yet) brethren in a Christian sense.
And one assumes that, like Matthew, they were intent on not stealing in the future.
Separating from a professed Christian who deliberately continues in immoral behaviour is (clearly) quite a different matter.
The beginning of the second letter should be compared to the first:
Here are the keys phrases:
ἐν θεῷ πατρὶ καὶ κυρίῳ Ἰησοῦ Χριστῷ ἐν θεῷ πατρὶ ἡμῶν καὶ κυρίῳ Ἰησοῦ Χριστῷ
χάρις ὑμῖν καὶ εἰρήνη χάρις ὑμῖν καὶ εἰρήνη
ἀπὸ θεοῦ πατρὸς καὶ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ
The addition of ...
Theos is a concept. The concept expresses Deity. We understand Deity to be divine nature. That divine nature is, for example, eternal. An attribute of Deity, of divine nature, is the fact that Deity, divine nature, is eternal.
This divine nature is a feature, so the New testament scriptures make clear, of the Father. And also of the Son. And also of the Holy ...
An interesting point is that it could be possible that the people who Paul referred to as having faith and even considering them as "God called out saints" simply refers to people who loved and revered God, (just unaware of Christ) similar to what Peter spoke of in Acts 10:34-48:
34 Peter began his speech by saying, 'I truly understand that God ...
I had the same question. But as I did some research and called to mind what I have been taught about this letter, here is my understanding:
The letter is addressed "from Paul an apostle ... and Timothy, our brother" to the church at Corinth. Starting in chapter 1 he says "we" and "you" i.e. v 8
"we do not want you to be unaware, brethren, of our ...
I would translate 2 Thess 1:1 as -
Paul and Silvanus and Timothy, To the congregation of Thessalonians in
God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ:
This should be compared to a very similar address at the head of 1 Thess 1:1 -
Paul and Silvanus and Timothy, To the congregation of Thessalonians in
God [the] Father and the Lord Jesus Christ …
Note that in ...
How are humans created in the hidden Likeness of God (אֱלֹהִ֑ים)?
Regarding the hidden Likeness of God in humans, YHVH tells His priest and prophet Samuel (Shemuel, שְׁמוּאֵ֗ל) that the #Likeness of Elohim is not in the outward appearance of humans but in their hearts.
In 1 Samuel 16:7 [MT], we read :
'And YHVH said to Shemuel, “Do not consider his ...
Man was made in Genesis chapter 1. Man is a spirit being, like God - who is spirit.
GEN 1:26 Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness;
In Genesis chapter one, we see the definition of ‘man’. ‘Man’ is male and female. Man here being a spirit being, that is, the term ‘human’ does not apply yet. Man is a spirit being, and angels ...
Let's look at the context.
1 Corinthians 1:20 Where is the wise person? Where is the teacher of the law? Where is the philosopher of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world? 21For since in the wisdom of God the world through its wisdom did not know him, God was pleased through the foolishness of what was preached to save those who believe....
You might be over-thinking this one.
Paul uses the word my to emphasize the difference between his calling to preach the gospel to the uncircumcised and (say) the apostle Peter's calling to preach the gospel to the circumcised.
Paul was destined from birth to be the first apostle to be called by God to preach the gospel to the Gentiles. That was the ministry ...
The operative adjective in Phil 4:5 is ἐπιεικής which occurs just five times in the NT - Phil 4:5, 1 Tim 3:3, Titus 3:2, James 3:17, 1 Peter 2:18. The cognate noun occurs in Acts 24:4, 2 Cor 10:1.
According to BDAG, this word means:
not insisting on every right of letter of law or custom, yielding,
gentle, kind, courteous, tolerant
According to Phil 4:5, ...
The verb ἀποκαλύπτω occurs 26 times in the NT and its cognate noun ἀποκάλυψις 18 times.
BDAG provides a single meaning for the verb (very similar to the noun):
to cause something to be fully known, reveal, disclose, bring to light, make fully known
Within this meaning, the verb is used in various functions:
(a) in a general sense: Matt 10:26, Luke 12;2, ...
Therefore I urge you, brothers and sisters, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service of worship. 2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and ...
Therefore, I urge you, brothers, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God—this is your spiritual act of worship. Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is—his good, pleasing and perfect ...
Apart from the nature of Christ, there are few matters as divisive among Christians as the doctrine of Inspiration of the Bible. The questions that arise from the doctrine of inspiration: (1) How does divine inspiration work? And, (2) What is inspired? (I will not address the second question here).
How Does Inspiration Work?
Traditionally, there have been ...
The passage in Heb 3:7-11 quotes the Septuagint Passage of Ps 95:7-11. Here it is as translated from the standard Hebrew text:
For He is our God, and we are the people of His pasture, the sheep
under His care. Today, if you hear His voice, do not harden your
hearts as you did at Meribah, in the day at Massah in the wilderness,
where your fathers tested and ...
Paul is distinguishing between two kinds of sins: conspicuous kind and hidden kind in
1 Timothy 5:24 (ESV)
The sins of some people are conspicuous, going before them to judgment, but the sins of others appear later.
The operative word is judgment, G2920, κρίσις, krisis. It can mean judgment by men or God. It is often used to refer to the final judgment as ...
Does Paul contradict Jesus by saying not to eat with sinners?
Paul did not say not to eat with sinners, the Greek word sy.na.na.migny.sthai (συναναμίγνυσθαι) rendered to "keep company" or "associate with "any so-called brother implies having a close fellowship or companionship and sharing with them the same views and Christian beliefs.
It’s my understanding that Galatians 1:12 is the key verse about Paul's encounter on the road to Damascus in his own words: ‘For I neither received it from man, nor was I taught it, but it came through the revelation of Jesus Christ.’ Also, Paul wrote in brief about his encounter in Ephesians 3: 2-3 saying, ‘... if indeed you have heard of the dispensation ...
New King James Version, Romans 6:22
But now having been set free from sin, and having become slaves of God, you have your fruit to holiness, and the end, everlasting life.
Holiness is part of the fruit through our service to God.
T. Chalmers, D. D. https://biblehub.com/sermons/auth/chalmers/fruit_unto_holiness.htm
It is remarkable that Paul speaks of ...
The Fruit of the Spirit
Galatians 5:22-23 (NIV),
22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, forbearance,
kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness and self-control.
Against such things there is no law.
The expression “such things” implies that the fruitage of God's spirit is not limited to the nine features listed here. The Christian ...
Understanding how human being is created
What constitutes the outward man? What are the integral parts of the inward man?
2 Corinthians 4:16 (NASB)
16 Therefore we do not lose heart, but though our outer man is
decaying, yet our inner man is being renewed day by day.
2 Corinthians 4:16 (NET Bible)
16 Therefore we do not despair,[a] but even if our ...