15 votes

How to save Paul from the Galatians 3 "seed" vs "seeds" argument blunder?

No Blunder at All The word "seed," whether Hebrew or English, is often used in a figurative sense to refer to one descending from another (and not normally to the actual sperm or egg of the parent ...
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  • 19.6k
10 votes

What evidence suggests that Paul was not the author of Titus?

One of the critical scholars who believe the attribution to Paul is clearly fictional is Burton L. Mack, who says (Who Wrote the New Testament, p206) the language, style and thought of Titus is ...
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10 votes

In Ephesians 2:15 exactly what part of the Law has been abolished?

Although Paul does not use the same word for 'abolish' as Jesus in Matthew 5:17, I think it helpful to bear that verse in mind, as Paul did not intend to contradict what Jesus says: 17“Do not think ...
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9 votes

Does the sower and the planter receive different rewards in 1 Corinthians 3:6-8?

Don't stretch the metaphors too much. While other passages such as 1 Timothy 5:17 do indicate that the ministry of some people is of a higher status than others, what Paul is saying here in 1 ...
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  • 2,869
8 votes

Which of Paul's letters were written to strangers?

Fairly Certain Based on the prologues and epilogues Paul wrote in his letters, he had clearly previously visited the churches in: Thessalonica (e.g. I Thes. 1:5) Corinth (e.g. II Cor. 13:1) Galatia (...
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  • 3,234
8 votes
Accepted

What did Paul call Christians?

OP's interest in quantifying Paul's (or, if you like, the NT's Pauline tradition) most frequently used designations for "Christians" makes for a challenging question, and one that would take a long ...
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  • 24.5k
8 votes

How to save Paul from the Galatians 3 "seed" vs "seeds" argument blunder?

It is not about grammar but about the mystical interpretation of Abraham's seed that both the Hebrew and the Greek scriptures argue according to Pauline theology: He is not laying stress on the ...
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  • 12k
8 votes

How to save Paul from the Galatians 3 "seed" vs "seeds" argument blunder?

The answer is very simple. First, as already noted by the OP, the Hebrew word for seed (zera`) is both collective and singular. Throughout the Hebrew Bible the particular word occurs in the ...
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  • 16.1k
8 votes
Accepted

Did Paul think in Hebrew?

We can be sure that Paul also spoke Hebrew fluently. First up, Mishnaic Hebrew was a living language in first century Judea and well-known even among the common people. Along with that, even though ...
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  • 21.8k
7 votes

1 Corinthians 13:10 - What Will Cease when "The Perfect" Comes?

Ignorance is what will cease. The “ἐκ μέρους” means that we live and operate within the present where partial knowledge prevails. We only know in part (“ἐκ μέρους”), which is why gifts such as ...
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  • 16.1k
7 votes

Does Paul mention anywhere in his own writings his encounter with Jesus and his coming to belief in the gospel?

Short version: Paul tells us the same basic story: he was persecuting Christians in Jerusalem, he was sent to Damascus, he was converted, he left Damascus, and he went to Arabia before going to see ...
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  • 1,478
7 votes

What does Paul mean by 'another Jesus'? 2 Cor 11:4

Paul is not saying to watch out for a person coming along claiming to be Jesus Christ, the Messiah. He is saying to watch out for false teaching ABOUT Jesus Christ, the Messiah. False teaching about ...
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  • 11.6k
6 votes
Accepted

In Galatians 1:19 is Paul saying he saw no apostles "except James" or "only James"?

Paul is referring to James, the brother of Jesus as an apostle. A word for word translation appears here: ἕτερον δὲ τῶν ἀποστόλων οὐκ εἶδον εἰ μὴ Ἰάκωβον τὸν ἀδελφὸν τοῦ Κυρίου Other. moreover (but/...
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5 votes
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What is Paul referring to in 2 Timothy 4:2?

This text consists of five imperatives: κήρυξον τὸν λόγον, | kēryxon ton logon | (Preach the Word) ἐπίστηθι εὐκαίρως ἀκαίρως, | epistēthi eukairōs akairōs | (be ready in season [and] out of season) ...
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  • 8,596
5 votes
Accepted

What does the phrase 'ἐν Χριστῷ' in the Pauline Corpus mean?

Common Misconception of a Purely Technical Usage It is commonly believed that Paul's usage of "in Christ" refers to a particular concept in all cases. That is, that it is a technical phrase "meaning" ...
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5 votes
Accepted

In Romans 6:23 why does Paul speak of the "wages" of sin and not the "penalty" for sin?

The term "wages" builds on the earlier metaphor of man being "slaves/servants" to sin. The phrasing emphasizes the idea when we sin, we've earned death. That's your paycheck at the end of a long day ...
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  • 234
5 votes

Do Titus 1:2 + 2 Timothy 3:16 mean that scripture is inerrant?

The answer requires multi-level considerations. The meaning of "inerrant" is free from error. First, is all scripture speaking truth? That answer is No, as we must determine who the ...
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  • 8,664
5 votes
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How does Hebrews 7:18 say the law was weak and useless?

Paul makes it clear in Romans 7:12 that the law is 'holy and just and good'. But the problem lies in flesh : in me, that is in my flesh there dwelleth no good thing, Romans 7:18. Flesh and blood does ...
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  • 26.2k
5 votes

Does the doctrine of Paul coincide with the doctrine of Jesus?

Unless Paul tells lie saying that he posesses the Mind of Christ (1 Cor. 2:16) and that “not he any more but Christ lives in him” (Galatians 2:20), then we can most definitely and confidently assume ...
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5 votes

The Whole Church?

Not so fast - the word ἐκκλησία (congregation, or assembly) has different meanings in different places depending on context. For example, (according to BDAG) the word can mean any of (see BDAG for a ...
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  • 69.5k
4 votes

Who does "we which are alive" refer to in 1 Thessalonians 4:17?

I agree with the previous answer by Joseph and will seek to reiterate it by looking at the immediate context of 1 Thess. 4. In 1 Thess. 4:13 Paul refers to "those who are asleep" and is simply ...
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  • 378
4 votes

How to save Paul from the Galatians 3 "seed" vs "seeds" argument blunder?

It is clear, from the text in Galatians that you quoted, that the seed is Jesus. Jesus Himself clarified how this seed goes from a singular to a plural seed: 23 But Jesus answered them, saying, “...
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  • 216
4 votes

Why does Paul change pronouns in 2 Corinthians 4:12?

Paul is actually defending himself here in this second letter to the Corinthians. In this passage when he says "us" he is meaning the people that he has been ministering to as well as the Corinthians,...
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  • 448
4 votes
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Is it necessary to assert that Paul has never been to Colossae when this letter is written?

What sets the Epistle to the Colossians apart is a sense of personal distance, with not so much as a suggestion anywhere in the epistle that Paul was writing to people he knew personally, at least not ...
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4 votes
Accepted

What is known about the letter to the Laodiceans mentioned in Colossians 4:16?

The Epistle to the Laodiceans is a possible lost letter of Paul the Apostle, the original existence of which is inferred from the Epistle to the Colossians to send their letter to the church in ...
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4 votes
Accepted

1 Corinthians 4:10 meant to be an irony?

I would say this kind of wording shows a mixture of attitudes within Paul, all of which arise from his love of those who have responded to his preaching of the gospel. He is almost teasing them. But ...
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