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20

I will show three things: 1) The law has no retroactive force: a man is not condemned for breaking a law which did not exist until later. 2) Moses did not break the law you quote. 3) God did not defend Moses' marriage, but his person. 1) THE LAW HAS NO RETROACTIVE FORCE Abraham married his half-sister. Lev 20:17 ‘If a man takes his sister, his father’...


19

The (relatively) small amount of bronze needed to make that serpent/snake (or נְחַשׁ נְחֹשֶׁת nĕḥaš nĕḥōšet) in the story of Num 21:4-9,1 even if it was as large as the monument now on Mount Nebo in Jordan,... ...would still have been quite small compared to the amount of bronze (let alone silver and gold) needed to make the utensils required for the ...


13

A covenant of salt in the Bible The term covenant of salt is found three times in the Old Testament: First occurrence Leviticus 2:13 `And every offering of your grain offering you shall season with salt; you shall not allow the salt of the covenant of your God to be lacking from your grain offering. With all your offerings you shall offer salt.'[...


12

This is a question that has caused problems with commentators and interpreters for centuries. Speaking most strictly, Cush and Midia are not the same place. Midia was on the Arabian peninsula (in the region of Jordan and Saudi Arabia today) while Cush proper was in the Sudan and Ethiopia region. In fact, the Septuagint uniformly translates Cush with Ethiopia....


12

It says "Don't kindle a fire," not "don't allow a fire to be burning." The prohibition is on the act of lighting a fire, not of having a fire be lit. Having a fire burning to generate heat, or a candle lit to create light, is perfectly permissible- provided that everything is set up before the Sabbath. (Stoking the fire, or adding fuel, ...


10

The children of Moab comprised a smaller tribe within the larger federation of tribes referred to as Midianites, or simply Midian. Earlier in the book of Numbers, we learn that the Israelites "began to play the harlot with the daughters of Moab" (25:1). Moreover, the Israelites attended the sacrifices of the Moabites, they ate among the Moabites (perhaps ...


10

The question as posed has done pretty much all the "homework" already! Here is how they look in Codex Leningrad: In the scholarly literature, a fairly authoritative answer comes from Israel Yeivin's discussion in Introduction to the Tiberian Masorah (Scholars Press, 1985), § 81 (pp. 46-7) as well as Emanuel Tov, Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible (Van ...


9

It is the 3rd and 7th day after touching the dead corpse That seems somewhat implied from the context of the verses you quote. I honestly would not have ever thought to consider Tuesday/Saturday, but in thinking about your question, I could see how someone might question it (though days of the week are not really mentioned in context). However, the ...


9

I found an interesting suggestion in the IVP Bible Background Commentary (Num. 6:3) which may explain why grapes and raisins were included in the vow, Alternatively, one must notice that the grape is one of the principal, one could say characteristic, staples of Canaan and therefore symbolically connected to the issue of fertility (note that the spies ...


8

The words describing the women are וְכָל־אִשָּׁ֗ה יֹדַ֥עַת אִ֛ישׁ. The word יֹדַעַת is a participle, so a more literal translation might be every woman knowing a man. This doesn't imply that the woman actually had intercourse, but that she potentially could have. A similar construction with the participle is Deuteronomy 22:8, which says כִּֽי־יִפֹּ֥ל ...


8

The iron age does not refer to the invention of iron smelting. As Wikipedia says: It is defined by archaeological convention, and the mere presence of cast or wrought iron is not sufficient to represent an Iron Age culture; rather, the term "Iron Age" implies that the production of carbon steel has been perfected to the point where mass production of ...


8

In short, the verses are not talking about sacrificing (putting to death in offering) human children, but passing over of the firstborn to the service of God. The Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament regarding Numbers 18 states The practical confirmation of the priesthood of Aaron and his family, on the part of God, is very ...


8

No, God did not contradict Himself, since He never forbade all kinds of images to begin with, that, going on to command images to be made, He could be said to contradict Himself. Something is always omitted when people use Exodus 20 to claim God forbids all images: the immediately surrounding words/context: Exodus 20:1-6 (DRB) And the Lord spoke all ...


7

As the judgment was against all those counted in the census commentaries that I have consulted strictly assume the judgment was literally agains only these 'men' excluding the Levites. I think there is not much to add from what you have already listed except one item. The census counted those where were 'able to fight', i.e. men over twenty, not from the ...


7

These were two separate groups. The first group were officers (שָׂרִים) whose job was to judge the nation (Exodus 18:22). In the retelling in Deuteronomy (1:16), they are also referred to as judges (שׁוֹפְטִים). The problem they were meant to solve was that Moses was occupied judging the nation from morning to evening. They were also quite numerous, having "...


7

At the time of Exodus 16:27, there was no prescription of punishment for violating the Sabbath except sin offerings. That changed in Exodus 35 1 Moses assembled the whole Israelite community and said to them, “These are the things the Lord has commanded you to do: 2For six days, work is to be done, but the seventh day shall be your holy day, a day of ...


7

The question makes a leap of logic that is unwarranted. In all the cases cited, Ex 17:17, Num 20:2, literal (as distinct from spiritual or figurative) water is in view. This leaves us with 1 Cor 10:3 and John 4:10-14. During the conversation with the woman at Jacob's well, Jesus used the metaphor of water to teach about about divine grace and the gospel of ...


7

Did Jesus become unclean in Matthew 9:25? Questions From Readers in the Watchtower July 15, 1972 issue has a very similar question and addresses it: So, if Jesus touched her corpse, would that make him unclean? No, not at all. Jesus resurrected the girl, brought her back to life. Matthew writes: “He went in and took hold of her hand, and the little girl got ...


6

The aggadic interpretation shared by many Jewish commentators is that the basis for the name change is that Moses prayed for Joshua. Indeed Rashi explains that he prays he be saved from the counsel of the spies. Why he didn't pray for Caleb as well is a question many commentators who take this line have great difficulty understanding (see the Kli Yakar). ...


6

While there is nothing explicit given regarding the change, the significance appears to lie in the meanings themselves. However, this topic is possibly the most important onomastic study of all time. No exaggeration. Numbers 13:16 reads: “אֵלֶּה שְׁמֹות הָאֲנָשִׁים אֲשֶׁר־שָׁלַח מֹשֶׁה לָתוְּר אֶת־הָאָרֶץ וַיִּקְרָא מֹשֶׁה לְהֹושֵׁעַ בִּנ־נוְּן יְהֹושֻׁעַ” First, we ...


6

This was taken from the Shabbat Tractate of the Babylonian Talmud(Mishna): The rabbis taught: Before the passage [Numb. x. 35]: "And it came to pass when the ark set forward, that Moses said, etc.," and at the close of the next verse, the Holy One, blessed be He, made signs (the inverted letter Nun, which must be inserted in the Scroll) in order to ...


6

No Certain Answer Commentators have tended to phrase the question differently than here, in that they tend to acknowledge no doubt on the fact that Caleb is considered of the tribe of Judah (Num 13:6; cf. ), what they question is the precise meaning of him being called a Kenizzite in Num 32:12 (and Josh 14:6, 14). But however one phrases it, there does ...


6

Do you think his relatives didn't know what happened? Would you want be the relative to take possession and be the next in line to be stoned? Stoning occurred in public. His relatives would know that Naboth was stoned on false charges. Jezebel was a Phoenician Baal worshiper. She had no regard for the Law of Moses. She tried to make Israel Baal ...


5

Restating the problem The traditional interpretation is well-known that Moses struck the rock rather than speaking to it. The OP himself is well aware of this tradition but is hesitant to accept, because the offense seems too petty to warrant such a harsh punishment. Why make a big deal of how the water is being produced? God asked Moses to perform a ...


5

Numbers 20:7-13 (DRB) 7 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 8 Take the rod, and assemble the people together, thou and Aaron thy brother, and speak to the rock before them, and it shall yield waters. And when thou hast brought forth water out of the rock, all the multitude and their cattle shall drink. 9 Moses therefore took the rod, which was before the ...


5

It seems to me that there are two interconnected problems raised by the formulation of the question. I think it would help to disentangle them: "meek" v. "humble" The question of contrasting "meek" and "humble" is bound up with changing English usage. "meek" tends to be somewhat quaint in usage, and certainly not so prevalent in English usage as it once ...


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