First, "Moses and the prophets", or sometimes, "the Law of Moses and the prophets", is a common hendiadys meaning what we now call the OT Hebrew scriptures. John 1:45, Luke 16:29, 31, 24:44, Acts 13:15, 26:22, 28:23, Rom 3:21, etc.
There are many examples of where the NT writers quoted the OT to show that Jesus fulfilled OT prophecies ...
Jesus quotes this passage in Matthew 11:10 :
ιδου εγω αποστελλω τον αγγελον μου προ προσωπου σου ος κατασκευασει την οδον σου εμπροσθεν σου [TR undisputed]
Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee. [KJV]
Jesus changes ὁδὸν πρὸ προσώπου μου (assuming either he is quoting the Septuagint, or offering the ...
The intonations are different in those two quotations: John 17:12 says it with an apparent intonation of a remorse and sadness, as if Jesus said: "how bad that the Scripture is to be fulfilled, for of course I'd rather have it unfulfilled, so that my beloved Judas, whom I made so close to Myself as to make him one of the 12 closest disciples, may not ...
Jesus did quote the beginning of Psalm 22 on the cross (Matt. 27:46; Mark 15:34; Luke 24:44)
אֵלִ֣י אֵ֭לִי לָמָ֣ה עֲזַבְתָּ֑נִי
(Psalm 22:2a, MT)
And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”
(Matt. 27:46, ESV)
περὶ δὲ τὴν ἐνάτην ὥραν ⸀ἀνεβόησεν ὁ ...
You appear to be well researched regarding this issue. And there is a plethora of content online expounding every angle, every viewpoint. I doubt you’ll come across something ‘new’ on this forum - more likely a rehash of what you’ve already encountered - and put aside?
Nevertheless- Let’s highlight some points for consideration. You say “The biological ...
Yes, Isaiah 50 has often been taken as a Messianic prophecy (I'm offering a New Testament interpretation of an Old Testament text).
Although we do not have direct New Testament discussion of anyone plucking out the hairs of His beard, the other parallels to Jesus are quite clear:
Back: John 19:1
Cheeks: Matt 26:67
Scorn: Luke 23:35
Spittle: Matt 26:67
We could render Paul's statement to mean:
Moses said all these things & the prophets said all these things
Between Moses & the prophets all these things were said
The former cannot be unambiguously reconstructed based on the Old Testament; the best we can do there is acknowledge that there are multiple instances in the New Testament where a ...
A significant difference is numerical. In Matthew, Jesus speaks of the Scriptures, plural, which must be fulfilled, plural. In John He speaks of Scripture, singular, which must be fulfilled, singular.
52 Then Jesus said to him, “Put your sword back into its place. For all who take the sword will perish by the sword. 53 Do you think that I cannot appeal to ...
This answer is for the main question: What is the significance of the three-hour darkness that loomed over the land in verse 33?
One of the main themes of Jesus' death and resurrection is the renewal of all creation.
The three hours of darkness - from noon to three in the afternoon - represent the primordial chaos that existed in Genesis 1:2. There is an ...
Luke 2:30 For my eyes have seen your salvation 31
which you have prepared in the sight of all nations
Simeon alluded to the concept of salvation in Isaiah 52:10
The LORD will lay bare his holy arm in the sight of all the nations, and all the ends of the earth will see the salvation of our God.
Noun - feminine singular
Jews were familiar with the Old Testament in much the same way as Christians are familiar with Paul, and stories from the Gospel - if you knew the first part, you knew how the rest of the story went.
As such, when someone quotes Scripture in the New Testament, they quote minimal portions, and expect the reader to remember the whole story, and thus the place ...
Zechariah’s vision: one or two donkeys?
Answer: There were two donkeys, and for good reason.
First, we might recognize that all four Gospels refer to this event, that of Christ's Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem. Three of the gospels agree that Jesus rode on the colt. So, why does the Gospel of Matthew mention two?:
Matthew 21:5: “Say to the daughter of Zion, ...
After the resurrection, Jesus met two men near Emmaus in Luke 24.
25 He said to them, “How foolish you are, and how slow to believe all that the prophets have spoken! 26 Did not the Messiah have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?” 27And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures ...
Before answering this question, we must keep two things in mind:
Joshua and the Commander of the heavenly Host
In Josh 5:13 - 6:2 we find that YHWH introduces Himself as the Commanded of the LORD's host (ie, army). Joshua had to remove his sandels because he stood in the presence of God. Now, because no man have ever seen God (John 1:18, 6:46, 1 John 4:...
Simeon's dual prophecy about Jesus in the temple consists of two parts:
Luke 2:29-32 - thanks God for being able to see the Messiah and praises God for this gift
Luke 2:34b, 35 - prophesies about Messiah Himself and a brief prediction about Mary
These two prophecies have quite different functions and different settings.
1st Prophecy, Luke 2:29-32
The most ...
What is the meaning behind Simeon’s words in Luke 2:29-32; 34-35?
Simeon now at an advanced age, moves through the crowd and takes the babe into his hands.
Luke 2:25-28 (NASB)
25 And there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon; and this
man was righteous and devout, looking for the consolation of Israel;
and the Holy Spirit was upon him. 26 And it ...
What is the meaning of "fulfill" in John 17:12 and Matthew 26:54 ?
Firstly, the Q. here, should really have been with regard to "might be fulfilled/should be fulfilled" respectively, rather than just "fulfill". The mere word "fulfill" is not part of either of these bible verses in question and therefore is not seen to ...
By fulfill, the passages clearly mean the fulfillment of the prophecies and the Mission of Jesus. The question basically asks about whether Jesus could fail his mission and fall into sin; and the problem of predestination with freewill. Note, that Jesus was not praying that Judas should betray, to fulfill the predictions, or he did not plan his betrayal to ...
Which Messiah of Torah & Nevi'im did the Sanhedrin of 1-70 CE expect : The Anointed High Priest [Exodus 30, Leviticus 4] or The Son of David [1 Samuel 16:1-13, 2 Samuel 7:12-16, Jeremiah 22:5-6]?
The answer depends on the truth of [Exodus 30:30-33] and [2 Maccabees 2:1-8].
Which future "Messiah" required the anointing oil that Jeremiah hid ...
The two titles come from independent pedigrees in the OT as follows:
Son of God
The title, "Sons of God" was regularly applied to God's people in the OT (as well as the new!) in many places such as: Gen 6:4, Deut 32:8, 43, Ps 89:6, 29:1, etc.
However, "Son of God" only appears in Dan 3:25 as the "angel" that preserves the three ...
Proverbs 30:4 provides a hint to the notion of the direct son of God and not just angelic sons of God:
Who has gone up to heaven and come down?
Whose hands have gathered up the wind?
Who has wrapped up the waters in a cloak?
Who has established all the ends of the earth?
What is his name, and what is the name of his son?
Surely you know!
Who has gone up to ...
One cannot know for certain what the Pharisees of Jesus’ day ascribed to or what motivated them beyond money and power but they appeared well versed in the Scriptures, in so far as what they said, even if they had their own prejudicial expectation.
When Herod at the time of Jesus’ birth asked for information he received it most accurately.
“When Herod the ...
Isa 9:6,7 - For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
‘The Son of God’ was a term in common use at the time and was routinely coupled with 'Messiah' or similar names ('Christ', 'King of Israel').
Nathanael couples it with 'King of Israel' at John 1:49, Peter with 'Christ' (adding 'living' to God) at Matthew 16:16, Caiaphas with 'Christ' at Matthew 26:63, 'Christ' and 'Son of the Blessed One', another way of ...
There are two explicit witnesses which state Jesus was of the line of David:
The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham
(Matthew 1:1 ESV)
Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli...the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the ...
It's interesting how much depends upon a single conjunction.
In both the Hebrew & Greek texts of Zechariah, "donkey" (or a generic beast of burden) is mentioned twice. What is less clear is whether the conjunction implies an extra donkey.
The Hebrew gives us: a donkey "wə-‘al-" a colt...
The Greek: a beast of burdern "kai" a ...
Isaiah 55:11 (ESV):
so shall my word be that goes out from my mouth; it shall not return to me empty, but it shall accomplish that which I purpose, and shall succeed in the thing for which I sent it.
οὕτως ἔσται τὸ ῥῆμά μου ὃ ἐὰν ἐξέλθῃ ἐκ τοῦ στόματός μου, οὐ μὴ ἀποστραφῇ ἕως ἂν τελεσθῇ ὅσα ἠθέλησα, καὶ εὐοδώσω τὰς ὁδούς σου καὶ τὰ ἐντάλματά μου.
Sought out for his ability to heal, Jesus was well acquainted with human infirmity. The text records his innumerable encounters with the sick, the disabled and those who were otherwise afflicted in body or spirit. This verse in Isaiah, however, seems to reference first hand rather than indirect experience of physical infirmity.
A man of great pain and ...
I agree with the premise of the question stated in the first sentence of the OP as stated in my answer to the previous question, here, > Isaiah 53:3 acquainted with חלי - grief, suffering or infirmity?
The sickness that the suffering servant of Isa 53 would be know is the sickness of our broken humanity (Ps 51:5, Rom 3:10-18) in which the Messiah shared, ...
English Standard Version Daniel 9:26
And after the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off [H3773] and shall have nothing. And the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. Its end shall come with a flood, and to the end there shall be war. Desolations are decreed.
Seven days shall there be no ...