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An excellent discussion of this question can be found in “The Synoptic Problem – Four Views” (hereafter “Four Views”), edited by Porter and Dyer. (See esp. pp. 39-40, 54-56, 80-82, 119-125) Andreas Ennulat has suggested that there are more than 1,000 places in which Matthew & Luke agree against Mark (Die “Minor Agreements”: Untersuchungen zu einer ...


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Many don't realize that the Pharisees were an extermely evangelical sect in Jesus day, and sent out many missionaries all over Rome. They had special dispensation from Rome to proselytize outside their native province, something not given to other religions (and something Christian missionaries piggy-backed off of, considering themselves jews, to the ...


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"The casting out of demons is one of the signs that Jesus promised would follow all believers:" "In my name they shall cast oute devyls and shall speake with newe tonges" (Mark 16:17; Tyndale Bible of 1526) It is interesting to compare Mark 16:17 in the different Bible translations. The Tyndale Bible of 1526 clearly links the casting ...


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Preamble: Any question concerning Jesus is going to be problematic because it depends on whether the context concerns his flesh or his spirit. The Flesh The 'man' who bore the name 'Jesus' was knit together in the womb of Mary by the supernatural work of the Holy Spirit: 34Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? 35And the ...


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Using childish word-play, and notarikon some interesting observations are made. Golgatha is filled with riddle. The dictionary meaning of Golgatha is skull or head, and as others have mentioned it may have looked like a skull. It is also translated 'every man' (Ex 16:16, Ex 38:26), with 'head' teases at death being the authority of every man. The fear of ...


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Here is a very literal rendering of the Greek from BLB for Matt 5:13. (I was going to translate it but came to the same wording as BLB). It is not difficult Greek to translate. The Greek text is undisputed. You are the salt of the earth, but if the salt becomes tasteless, with what will it be salted. For nothing is it potent any longer except, having ...


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The rather detailed description of John's clothing appears to provide a twin function: 1. Contrast with the finery of the wealthy We have several gospel accounts of Jesus Eulogizing John and his prophetic office in Matt 11:7-14 - As John’s disciples were leaving, Jesus began to speak to the crowds about John: “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? ...


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There are no differences here in the manuscripts available. Which version of ESV are you quoting? I could not find such a version or footnote, e.g. here: https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+5%3A13&version=ESV It is a difficult verse to translate, so one would expect translations to handle it a bit differently. NIV says: But if the salt ...


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This is probably more of a literary device than a requirement, since there is no reason to think that all the prophets did. It seems to be a way to establish that John was coming in "the spirit and the power of Elijah". ...The description of John the Baptist's clothing is believed by most scholars to be a deliberate echo that of the prophet Elijah, ...


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What must not be overlooked is Revelation 12:7-11 which reads, 7 Then war broke out in heaven. Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought back. 8 But he was not strong enough, and they lost their place in heaven. 9 The great dragon was hurled down—that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the ...


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In Revelation, Jesus says that he is "the bright morning star": [Rev 22:16 NASB] (16) "I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star." In other words, "I am the greatest". This actually refers to Venus, the planet, when it rises ...


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"Has been given" And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. (Matthew 28:16 [ESV] καὶ προσελθὼν ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἐλάλησεν αὐτοῖς λέγων, ἐδόθη μοι πᾶσα ἐξουσία ἐν οὐρανῷ καὶ ἐπὶ γῆς In this instance the verb δίδωμι is in the aorist indicative: In the indicative, the aorist usually indicates past time with ...


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This question cannot be answered without assessing what this (whatever) was to be built upon this same (whatever). So what was the "whatever" called the πέτρα--petra--church, and what was the whatever called the ἐκκλησία--ekklēsia--"rock"? It might even help immensely to know what was meant by the κλείς--kleis--"key" (not plural)...


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Matthew 27:25 All the people answered, "His blood is on us and on our children!" These were the stupid words of the rebellious Jews. They are not binding to God. Another case in point can be found in the wilderness travel during Moses' time. Numbers 14 3 Why is the LORD bringing us to this land only to let us fall by the sword? Our wives and ...


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The "ekklesia" question is historically, very contentions: Luther translated the word "Gemeinde" = community (never "kirke"), and many German translations had followed Possibly influenced by Luther (or vis versa) Tyndale translated this word, "congregation" which contributed (among other things) to his being burnt at ...


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According to BDAG, Βεελζεβούλ was originally a Philistine deity; the name means Baal (lord) of flies (2 Kings 1:2, 6) ... in the NT Beelzeboul is prince of hostile spirits ἄρχοντι τῶν δαιμονίων Matt 12:24, Luke 11:15, etc. See also the appendix below for a very similar lexical entry. The word occurs just seven times in the NT and can be classified as ...


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The answer to this question hinges on the meaning of "children". In the Bible, "children" or "sons" (depending on the text in question) is used in two distinct ways: Literal biological descendants (obviously), eg, Deut 24:16, Eze 18, etc. Metaphoric descendants indicating people who have the the same attitudes and disposition ...


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Is Matthew 27:25 binding? Matthew 27:25 All the people answered, "His blood is on us and on our children!" What were the consequences of such a rejection of Jesus as the Messiah? Jesus said to the city of Jerusalem: “Your house [the temple] is abandoned to you.” Matthew 23:37-38 (NASB) Grieving over Jerusalem 37 “Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills ...


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I’m not sure it is “binding” in the sense that there is something happening between man and God (as there is in the OT verses you pulled out), since the cry in Matthew was from the people alone - we don’t know if God accepted/responded to their cry. Here, the people are addressing Pilate and not God - it seems that this statement is more a reflection of ...


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The Hebrew term appears in the OT in 2 Kings 1:2 Now Ahaziah had fallen through the lattice of his upper room in Samaria and injured himself. So he sent messengers, saying to them, "Go and consult Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron, to see if I will recover from this injury." Strong's Concordance Baal Zebub: "Baal of flies," a Philistine god ...


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Some 20 years ago a discovery was made of 66 thirteenth century Hebrew manuscripts of the Gospel of Matthew. There is some speculation that these were an independent ancient manuscript tradition but as far as I know they are considered to be thirteenth century translations. I don't read Hebrew but I do see some indications of its antiquity based on the fact ...


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The Greek text is not under question here. NA28 has: κἀγὼ δέ σοι λέγω ὅτι σὺ εἶ Πέτρος, καὶ ἐπὶ ταύτῃ τῇ πέτρᾳ οἰκοδομήσω μου τὴν ἐκκλησίαν καὶ πύλαι ᾅδου οὐ κατισχύσουσιν αὐτῆς. The LXX uses ἐκκλησία to translate the assembly of Israel. In some places in the Gospels, Jesus may have been referring to such. But in this case, it would be nonsense to refer ...


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The "Zechariah son of Barachiah" problem in Matthew 23:35 can be explained in several plausible ways. In making these suggestions, we must recall several things: It was a scribal error by a copyist who should have written "Jehoiada" from 2 Chron 24:20-24. While this is plausible it is unlikely because there are no significant textual ...


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Those are very good questions. Matthew 23 is a strong indictment of the scribes and Pharisees. They are soon going to kill the most innocent person and greatest prophet of all, Jesus. But people like these Pharisees and scribes have been killing prophets and innocent people from the "foundation of the world" (Luke 11:50). Abel was the first example ...


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There are three things that have led people to believe in the virgin birth of Jesus, based on the inspired record in Matt 1:18-25 - V18, "before they [Mary and Joseph] came together [= had slept together], Mary was found with a child in the womb out of [= ἐκ] the Holy Spirit V19-24 - Joseph then considers this and plans to break the engagement but ...


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First, the text eliminates the possibility that Joseph’s seed contributed to the conception because it said Mary was found pregnant (lit., “having in her womb”) while she and Joseph were betrothed and before she and Joseph came together (i.e., had intercourse). Notice the phrase at the end: «ἐκ πνεύματος ἁγίου». The text does not use the prepositions διὰ or ...


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Here is the passage from the ancient Greek translation to which he appeals: Isaiah 7:14 Brenton(i) 14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; behold, a virgin shall conceive in the womb, and shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name Emmanuel. Matthew has demonstrated repeatedly that he is working from a Greek translation, not from a ...


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It is a difficult saying, so it is hard to be dogmatic about the meaning. One question is whether two Hebrew idioms are relevant here. To say in Hebrew that you have an evil eye can mean that you are envious, while having a good eye can mean that you are generous. However, it is unlikely that these idioms are intended here or at least not at the forefront, ...


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I would agree that the chronology presented by Mark is probably correct, because Mark has many time references while Matthew has very few. This is probably because of the different audiences. The Jews were more concerned with connecting themes than with chronology, whereas the Greek audience for Mark would be more concerned about chronology. I do not agree ...


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The difference between "in the east" and "in its rising" is a question of how best to understand the Greek text: εἴδομεν γὰρ αὐτοῦ τὸν ἀστέρα ἐν τῇ ἀνατολῇ This means "for we have seen HIS star in the rising/east". The noun anatolē means "rising up". In Greek there are two ways to talk about "east", either &...


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The probloem you raise is caused by too literal translations that are often misleading. The Hebrew way of introducing a parable is to link it to the first participant mentioned rather than what the parable is all about. It is a bit like the names of the books in the Bible, where the Hebrew name is sinply the first word mentioned in the book. The Contemprory ...


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I suggest that this was a two-stage process as follows. 1. Jesus' pre-incarnation was an exalted form John 1:1, 2 - In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. John 17:5 - And now, Father, glorify Me in Your presence with the glory I had with You before the world existed. Phil 2:5, 6 - ...


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John records, in reference to Jesus: 11He came to His own, and His own did not receive Him. 12But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: 13who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. John 1:11-13 (NKJ) John discerns, here, three ...


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Warning #1 We must exercise extreme caution when discussing the will and mind of divinity - the only one who understand s the mind of God is God Himself. If we understood God completely we would be God. The doctrine we are touching on here concerns what is described as the voluntary divine humiliation of Christ. See below. Warning #2 The human mind and ...


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Ezekiel 46:16-18 demands: Thus saith the Lord GOD; If the prince give a gift unto any of his sons, the inheritance thereof shall be his sons'; it shall be their possession by inheritance. But if he give a gift of his inheritance to one of his servants, then it shall be his to the year of liberty; after it shall return to the prince: but his inheritance ...


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TL;DR: he received it at his ascension, but won't claim it until his return. The chronology of the authority over Earth is fairly clear: In Matthew 4:8–9 Jesus didn't dispute Satan's possession of "all the kingdoms of the world", so we know he didn't yet possess it while incarnated as a human. In Matthew 28:18, the recently resurrected Jesus now ...


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The authority God the Father gave to Christ in Matthew 28:18 does not refer to what he previously had but had set aside for a while. It was something new. It was a new authority which resulted from or had come about as a consequence of God the Father reconciling all things to Christ. The "all authority" (in heaven and on earth) which God the Father ...


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The most explicit statement that I'm aware of in the scriptures regarding the timing, associates the giving of the authority in the sky above and the earth beneath with his ascension: [Dan 7:13-14 NLT] (13) As my vision continued that night, I saw someone like a son of man coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient One and was led into his ...


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Forethoughts Revelation 1:18 I am He who lives, and was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore. Amen. And I have the keys of Hades and of Death. Does this imply Jesus received these things after He died? Perhaps. In the same manner Matthew 28:18 suggests He gained authority over heaven and earth after He rose. But these implications and suggestions did ...


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To answer your question, we must go all the way to the beginning and ask the obvious question, “when was authority delegated?” and consequently “was this authority hijacked and lost?” Man the image bearer The Hebrew text says that Adam was made in the image of God, this is referring mostly to the fact that he was now a delegated representative of God on ...


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At first look many will read "so and so happened that the scripture might be fulfilled", as meaning a specific act was performed to match a prophecy. You write down yesterday that the person who answers your question will be named Steve, so I change my screen name to Steve to *Fulfill what you wrote. As with many sayings, idioms, etc., from ...


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The intonations are different in those two quotations: John 17:12 says it with an apparent intonation of a remorse and sadness, as if Jesus said: "how bad that the Scripture is to be fulfilled, for of course I'd rather have it unfulfilled, so that my beloved Judas, whom I made so close to Myself as to make him one of the 12 closest disciples, may not ...


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In my personal experience. I might ask someone to read it a little different. If God calls you to his grace and he establishes his temple in you. The evil of this world will and is trying to dismantle the progress. See the building of the wall and of David’s city. The place God has for a believer is peace. But daily the violent enter it. So confirming the ...


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Was Jesus being sarcastic when he called Judas “friend” in Matthew 26:50? No. The word is ambiguous. Even today, they use it ambiguous in the Middle East. Bengel's Gnomen Matthew 22:12. Ἐταῖρε, comrade) A word of ambiguous meaning, which is also applied to those with whom we are not on terms of intimacy or friendship. In the Parable of the Wedding Banquet, ...


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There are many instances throughout the bible in which Jesus' divinity is called into question. To clarify, Jesus is the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. During his earthly walk, Jesus had relatives-- parents, brothers, sisters, cousins, friends, etc. He also takes meaning of family to another level when he states, "For whoever does the will of my ...


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What did Jesus mean by “the ends of the earth” in Matthew 12:42? The kingdom of Sheba was located, according to some sources, in the area of what is today the Republic of Yemen. A journey to Jerusalem of 1500miles /2400Km The Queen of Sheba Visits Solomon 2 Chronicles 9:1 (NIRV) 9 The queen of Sheba heard about how famous Solomon was. So she came to ...


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The answer to this question of how could the magi follow the star need not be so complicated, although this explanation may appear to be. Please bear with me. As indicated previously, all heavenly bodies appear to rise in the east and appear to proceed, through the night from east to west to set in the west, unless the sun rises prior. Given that Persia or ...


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Like many others, I find the first answer very helpful. Let me just add a bit: The most interesting book about the synoptic problem that I have read is by John Wenham: "Redating Matthew, Mark & Luke". He shows that it is most likely that Matthew was written first with a date around 40, then Mark around 45, Luke in the mid 50's and Acts about 62....


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There is a lot of information available, and I have not had time to study all those listed above. I did look briefly at the free book: The First Christmas. The book mentions the conjunction of Jupiter and Venus in 2 BC. But because of the assumption that Herod died in 4 BC, this option is discarded. However, there are lots of other evidence that Jesus was ...


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What does the word “Sword” mean in Matthew 10:34? In garden of Eden, God said to Satan:** Genesis 3:15 NET 15 And I will put hostility between you and the woman and between your offspring and her offspring; he will strike your head, and you will strike his heel.” The situation then was the same as in the days of the earthly life of his Son, Jesus ...


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