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11

The short answer is that, no, despite a persistent urban legend that NASA modeled this on one of their early computer systems, the reality is that such a simulation is impossible. According to Dr. Danny Faulkner writing for Answers in Genesis From time to time, one hears that NASA computers have proved the account of the unusual day that accompanied the ...


9

I don't usually do tl;dr summaries, but it seems it might help in this case... tl;dr summary OP Q: what the source of the Hebrew of those two verses [i.e., Josh 21:36-67]? A: the majority of Masoretic Hebrew manuscripts other than Leningradensis; see end of post for more details. In fact, the BHS itself provides the answer to the question, although in ...


9

The singular usage of "foot" and "shoe"/"sandal" in Joshua 5:15 is the collective singular (יחיד קיבוצי) that is found in all historical layers of Hebrew from the OT1 to modern Hebrew2. This is not a question about feet, or shoes, or about historical interpretation or cultural analysis, so those tags can be dropped. Four examples from the 14 OT verses that ...


9

They were the same in the ancient languages and even in modern languages until quite recently. Comparing the uses in Acts 7:45, Hebrews 4:8, and Matthew 10:5: In the original Greek they're the same: Ἰησοῦς /jeisus/ In the Vulgate they're also the same: Jesus /jesus/ Interestingly, even Wycliffe and the KJV, among a few others, use Jesus in all instances. ...


8

The iron age does not refer to the invention of iron smelting. As Wikipedia says: It is defined by archaeological convention, and the mere presence of cast or wrought iron is not sufficient to represent an Iron Age culture; rather, the term "Iron Age" implies that the production of carbon steel has been perfected to the point where mass production of ...


7

No, the Caananites were not destroyed by the Jewish people. The cited verse in Joshua 10:40 speaks only of the completion of Joshua's campaign against the Canaanie tribes of the south. In the next chapter Joshua fights the northern tribes. In chapter 13, when Joshua is already too old to continue the fight, G-d tells Joshua that his job is incomplete; he ...


6

While there is nothing explicit given regarding the change, the significance appears to lie in the meanings themselves. However, this topic is possibly the most important onomastic study of all time. No exaggeration. Numbers 13:16 reads: “אֵלֶּה שְׁמֹות הָאֲנָשִׁים אֲשֶׁר־שָׁלַח מֹשֶׁה לָתוְּר אֶת־הָאָרֶץ וַיִּקְרָא מֹשֶׁה לְהֹושֵׁעַ בִּנ־נוְּן יְהֹושֻׁעַ” First, we ...


6

The aggadic interpretation shared by many Jewish commentators is that the basis for the name change is that Moses prayed for Joshua. Indeed Rashi explains that he prays he be saved from the counsel of the spies. Why he didn't pray for Caleb as well is a question many commentators who take this line have great difficulty understanding (see the Kli Yakar). ...


6

No, it is not meant to indicate they were clients per se; however, it is intended by the narrator to invoke an atmosphere of sexual immorality. A number of other resonances contribute to this atmosphere in the passage: First, Joshua 2:1 begins the narrative saying, "Then Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim." The reader would recall the ...


5

Simple answer: Achan had hidden buried the items in his tent. It is unlikely that his children, who would have lived in the same tent, would have been ignorant of his sin, and they were therefore also culpable. We do know that the children were not killed innocently based on the sins of the father, as Joshua would have known the unequivocal prohibition in ...


5

Possible Parallels A number of commentators seem to consider the possibility that Luke deduces parallels between the two events. Among those who see some link are Bruce (NICNT), Longnecker (EBC), Polhill (NAC), and Witherington (SRC). F.F. Bruce writes: The story of Ananias is to the book of Acts what the story of Achan is to the book of Joshua. In both ...


5

The salvation of Rahab takes place in a way parallel to the original Passover. While I would not argue on the basis of Passover being "recent," 40 years is not significant, given the fact that biblical typology pops up again and again hundreds of years apart. The important thing is what the parallels are. Factors in the story of Rahab: 1) hang a scarlet ...


5

Rahab's house was part of the wall, at least high enough to require a rope to let the spies down to the ground: 15Then she let them down by a rope through the window, for her house was built into the city wall, so that she lived in the wall. The spies particularly ask that the cord be tied in the window they escaped through, in other words visible from ...


5

Joshua 21:36-37 (KJV): And out of the tribe of Reuben, Bezer with her suburbs, and Jahazah with her suburbs, Kedemoth with her suburbs, and Mephaath with her suburbs; four cities. These words do appear appear in the LXX and the Vulgate, but not in the Masoretic text of the Second Rabbinic Bible, edited by Jacob Ben Chayyim and printed by Daniel Bomberg in ...


5

Sometimes what is not mentioned in the Hebrew text is just as important as what is mentioned. The home of Rahab the harlot was collocated in the wall of Jericho (Josh 2:15), and her home also opened to the top of the city wall, where she had hid the spies (Josh 2:8). The spies commanded her to stay in her home when the conquest of the city was to occur (...


5

The claim that they slept with Rahab is preposterous and virtually unsupported from the biblical text. In fact, the term וישכב that the OP finds so unusual here, to indicate lodging, is not unusual at all. See for example Gen. 28:11 וַיִּפְגַּ֨ע בַּמָּק֜וֹם וַיָּ֤לֶן שָׁם֙ כִּי־בָ֣א הַשֶּׁ֔מֶשׁ וַיִּקַּח֙ מֵאַבְנֵ֣י הַמָּק֔וֹם וַיָּ֖שֶׂם ...


5

Joshua was obeying the specifications Moses gave him before, simply. In fact, we read at Deuteronomy 27:1-3: “And Moses with the elders of Israel commanded the people, saying, ‘Keep all the commandments which I command you this day. And it shall be on the day when ye shall pass over Jordan to the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, that thou shalt set ...


4

I believe you are missing the fact that chapters 17 through 21 of the book of Judges are out of chronological sequence. According to the time line provided at BibleHub, the incident recorded in Judges 18, concerning the Danites, happened only about 25 years after the land had been allotted to the tribes. Robert Jamieson says this: The Danites had a ...


4

Salmon (or Salma/Salmah) is certainly mentioned in the Old Testament as being a descendant of Judah and an ancestor of David: Nahshon was the father of Salmon, Salmon the father of Boaz - 1 Chronicles 2:11 NIV Which agrees with: ...Nahshon the father of Salmon, Salmon the father of Boaz... Ruth 4:20-21 NIV Where Matthew mentions Rahab, it is generally ...


4

It seems to me that the phrase שַׁל־נַֽעַלְךָ֙ מֵעַ֣ל רַגְלֶ֔ךָ used in Joshua 5:15 can properly be translated as remove your sandals from your feet. Using singular terms to refer to plural situations it is not uncommon in biblical Hebrew. For example, Deuteronomy 29:4 states: וָאוֹלֵ֥ךְ אֶתְכֶ֛ם אַרְבָּעִ֥ים שָׁנָ֖ה בַּמִּדְבָּ֑ר לֹֽא־בָל֤וּ ...


4

Various commentators address this question, in one of two ways. Either Caleb did do something better than Joshua (1), or that Joshua is not mentioned for some reason here (2). I have focused on the (classic) Jewish commentaries, which can be found in Hebrew at this link. Approach 1 - Caleb conducted himself better than Joshua in some way: Ibn Ezra points ...


4

God told Abraham that the Amorite were a wicked people. "But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full." (Gen. 15:16, KJV) Before crossing the Jordan, God told Joshua and the people that He was giving the land of Canaan to them because of the promise He made to Abraham, but also because the ...


4

The English word "treasury" is translated from the Heb. "אוֹצָר", "otsar". (Strong's Heb. 214). The definition is treasure, store, treasury, or storehouse. Source: Biblehub It was the collection of all coin and goods for the operation of the tabernacle. Excerpt from the Benson Commentary - "Treasury of the Lord — To be employed wholly for the uses of ...


3

The resolution seems to be that the events described in 15:63 and 17:12 occurred chronologically after Joshua's speech in chapter 23. The evidence is in Judges. Judges 1 begins with the death of Joshua in verse 1: After the death of Joshua the Israelites consulted the LORD, asking, “Who shall be first among us to attack the Canaanites and to do battle ...


3

The phrase חֶרְפֵת מִצְרַיִם refers generally to the fact that some Jews up until that point had retained some Egyptian customs (see Ralbag to Joshua 5:9), but more specifically, it refers to the shame of the Israelites for having gone 40 years in the desert without having performed circumcision on the males, young and old. The mass circumcision that took ...


3

The Curse on Jericho: a Personal Theodicy? [NOTE: An earlier version of the question suggested Joshua's curse was central to the OP concern. While not directly addressing the revised question, this answer still offers helpful background.] Joshua’s curse on the rebuilder of Jericho’s fortifications is unique in the Hebrew Bible, and as the OP's question ...


3

The Hebrew in verses 5 and 20 usually translated 'fell down flat' is literally 'fell under itself' or 'fell in it`s place'1. The only textual clues are that the event correlated (as promised in v5) with the 'great shout' the people shouted, though most translations don't imply causality the way the KJV seems to. The archeological evidence points to a '...


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