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6

Excellent and perceptive question about the Shepherd metaphor in John 10. We should observe several things about this very eastern metaphor of the sheep. Ancient shepherds were mobile and wandered around for fresh pasture. In this way shepherds and their attached flocks often met - the shepherd would chat and spend some time together. The two flocks would ...


6

The question is a classical example of a logical trap called "complex question" (I do not say that you intentionally and malignantly make this trap, of course, far from it!), that is to say when a question implies a position, that is regarded as self-evident, while it is not at all so! Here, in this question is sneaked a position that Jesus created ...


6

The "Last Day" ἐσχάτῃ ἡμέρᾳ (yes, usually in the dative case) is a technical phrase, that occurs regularly: John 6:39, 40 - And this is the will of Him who sent Me, that I shall lose none of those He has given Me, but raise them up at the last day. For it is My Father’s will that everyone who looks to the Son and believes in Him shall have eternal ...


5

Jesus didn't say "blessed are those who believe with no evidence." He said "blessed are those who have not seen and still believe." We have the evidence of eye witnesses. This is the disciple who is bearing witness about these things, and who has written these things, and we know that his testimony is true. (John 21:24, ESV) 3 For I ...


5

The NT certainly asserts, using the precedents of the OT that Jesus existed before His incarnation. We see this many times in the Bible, especially in the Gospel of John, such as: John 1:1-3 - In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through Him all things were made, and without Him ...


5

He means that He taught all those things, for which He is now held answerable before the Sanhedrin as a blasphemer, openly. What are those things? That He is the promised Messiah (Luke 4:21); that He is Savior of not only Jews, but the world (John 12:47; Matthew 28:19); that He has the same dignity and authority as God the Father (John 5:23), for He is His ...


5

It's in Jesus' teachings.  And this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but raise it up on the last day. 40 For this is the will of my Father, that everyone who looks on the Son and believes in him should have eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day. ... 44 No one can come to me unless the ...


4

The REV says this of John 1:10 - It[1] was in the world, and the world came into being through it[2], and the world did not know it[3]. Let us take each of these pronouns (numbered above) one at a time: "It" is not explicitly in the text but must be deduced from the verb which is here ἦν. This verb could be grammatically translated as "It ...


4

We Don't See the Big Picture as God Does Perhaps we should recognize that God's foreknowledge does not demand predestination (yes, we were predestined to be saved if we appropriated that salvation through Christ (Eph. 1:11)). Rather, He always knew what Judas would do of his own volition, just as God did with Adam and Eve. Such quandaries do not violate our ...


4

Passages about Jesus as God's right shows he is now in heaven, but does come from heaven and from the Father mean he was literally in heaven before he was born? This Jesus God raised up, and of that we all are witnesses. 33 Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out ...


3

The two verbs used in John 3:36 display some important information: πιστεύω = trust, have faith in, entrust with, believe in, etc ἀπειθέω = disobey, rebel, disloyal, etc. The whole point of this verse is, among other things, to trust the Son is to obey the Son, AND, not to trust the Son is to disobey the Son. Compare this idea to that in Rom 1:5 - Through ...


3

"Does not obey" translates the verb ἀπειθῶν, which is the alpha privative (meaning un-, not) in front of the verb πείθω meaning persuaded, convinced. See the chart showing how :πείθω is translated. Thus, the idea of the person not obeying is they are not persuaded or convinced. The idea of believe here is to be convinced or persuaded to the ...


3

This question is part of a far more general pattern between the OT and NT that takes the titles and unique attributes of Jehovah in the OT and applies them to Jesus in the NT. Unique Attribute OT Jehovah NT Jesus God Deut 4:35, 6:4, 32:39, Isa 44:6, 45:5, 6 Matt 1:22, 23; John 1:1, 18, 20:28, Col 2:9, Rom 9:5, Heb 1:8, 9, Tit 2:13, 2 Peter 1:1, 1 Tim 3:16, ...


3

According to Paul, there is evidence of the creator God everywhere: Romans 1:20 For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities--his eternal power and divine nature--have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that people are without excuse. Jesus was being very specific in John 20:29 Then Jesus told him, “Because ...


3

It [ἦν G1510] was in the world, and the world came into being through it [αὐτοῦ G846], and the world did not know it [αὐτὸν G846]. ἦν (ēn) Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular αὐτοῦ (autou) Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular αὐτὸν (auton) Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Masculine 3rd Person ...


3

That something more transcendent than physical oneness is intended can be seen by flipping ahead a few chapters to the great intercessory prayer. In John 17: 6 I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word. 11 And now I am no more in the world, but these ...


3

I certainly don't claim any of these thoughts are original to me, but I see a comparable connection. Jesus often used metaphors that were familiar to people to illustrate a point. Physical birth involves: Water (as noted in the OP) Spirit (see Genesis 2:7) Blood (I didn't really appreciate this until my the birth of my children) Spiritual rebirth involves: ...


3

Jesus was making a distinction between himself and the false messiahs who were politically subversive wanting to drive the Romans out of Judah. He taught openly in the Temple, where Roman soldiers watched his every move. The temple area is about thirty-five acres. At that time, around three sides of that large enclosure there was a long, covered walkway. ...


2

This claim of Jesus confirmed the conviction of the Jewish religious leaders that Jesus was a blasphemer as claiming His divinity, for they plainly say "we do not want to kill you for good deeds, but because being a man you make yourself God" (John 10:33), and "God" here does not mean a) any created being, even as elevated as angel or ...


2

‘Name’ had more than one meaning in biblical times; a point lost on most people today. We are inclined to think of what’s written on our birth certificates as our name/s, so your name may be Charles Mbogo, and you are asking if God the Father has a similar personal name designation. While it is true that ‘God’ is a general title and not a personal name, ...


2

The word "name" here has multiple meanings. First, It is often used to designate the person himself. Jesus use this word to refer to himself in John 15:21 They will treat you this way because of my name, for they do not know the one who sent me. Matthew 10:22 and you will be hated by all for my name’s sake. But the one who endures to the end will ...


2

G4637 Seems quite simply to translate to living among us. Not surprised we’re not addressing the obvious translation error in this passage. Logos (G3056) Greek for an idea, word or speech. dabar (H1697) the Hebrew equivalent is also translates to word, matter, promise or thing. Please note a person is not a thing! In 1,439 translations of dabar it is never ...


2

Ezekiel 36 prophecies a new kind of cleansing different from the priestly cleansing prescribed by Moses. This new cleansing is directly from God: 25 I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your impurities and from all your idols. 26I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit in you; I will remove from you ...


2

This is a textual variation with evenly divided support. The reason for choosing the singular is changing to the plural makes it read more customary, while it is unlikely for a scribe to switch it to singular. 3:25 μετὰ Ἰουδαίου {B} Both Ἰουδαίου and Ἰουδαίων are ancient readings, and external support is rather evenly divided. On the whole, however, ...


2

John 3:25 New International Version An argument developed between some of John's disciples and a certain Jew over the matter of ceremonial washing. New King James Version Then there arose a dispute between some of John’s disciples and the Jews about purification. [a certain] Jew Ἰουδαίου (Ioudaiou) Adjective - Genitive Masculine Singular Strong's 2453: ...


2

Augustine wrote,1 Ordo verborum est, ut te et quem misisti Iesum Christum cognoscant solum verum Deum. which may be translated as, The right order of the words is: “so that they may know you and whom you sent, Jesus Christ, [as] the only true God.” Footnotes         1 PML, Vol. 35, p. 1904, Tractatus CV, 3. There is actually no question about the order ...


2

What qualifies someone/sheep to be part of a flock? At the most basic level, they must follow the Shepherd, otherwise they do as they please and go where they will. ““Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven.” ‭‭Matthew‬ ‭7:21‬ ‭ Who enacts the will of the ...


2

Yes, but only with explicit Roman approval. The authority of the Sanhedrin The Jewish Sanhedrin had the authority to try criminal cases, but could not (at the time of Jesus' death) carry out the death penalty (see John 18:31). This is why the Sanhedrin had to take Jesus to Pilate for condemnation (though they may well have had other ulterior motives as well, ...


2

The passage you are listing does not actually imply that Judas was doomed to destruction so that the scriptures might be fulfilled. In the ESV for example While I was with them, I kept them in your name, which you have given me. I have guarded them, and not one of them has been lost except the son of destruction, that the Scripture might be fulfilled. ...


2

The operative verb translated "abide" or "remain" is μένω (menó) - the largest number occur in John who almost elevates the word to a technical word. He uses meno in the sense of someone "abiding" or "remaining" in someone or something else in both the literal sense and in the Metaphorical/spiritual sense. Literal ...


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