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What evidence is used to support the claim that Isaiah was written before the reign of King Cyrus?

Prima Facie evidence The primary evidence is that the text claims to have been written by Isaiah the son of Amoz, and that his career spanned portions of the reigns of Kings Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and ...
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14 votes

Does Isaiah 40 indicate (along with science) that the universe is expanding?

Short Answer: No. This is a great question, and I'm glad you asked it. This verse is often used by Christian apologists to show that the Bible was ahead of its times in its scientific claims. While ...
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13 votes
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Is ἐγώ εἰμι testified in extra-biblical Greek as an expression for saying "I am he"?

This is a good question -- or rather, set of questions. I begin by reiterating a comment from the Q&A linked by OP: to engage with this set of issues fully, one really needs to consult Catrin H. ...
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13 votes

In Isaiah 14:12 did the King James translator make a mistake using the term Lucifer to describe morning star?

The Idea in Brief The best translation in this passage is not “Lucifer” (or any similar translation with the image of the brightness of light), but instead “the one wailing aloud” falling from heaven....
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12 votes
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Why does the Greek Septuagint of Genesis 34:3 refer to Dinah as a virgin?

Dinah, Jacob’s only daughter, born by Leah, was a virgin. She went out to see the daughters of the land. In Gen. 34:2–3, the narrator then uses a series of vav-consecutives to describe a sequence of ...
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12 votes
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How can Isaiah 42:8 possibly be true, if John 13:31-32 is true?

The question misses the point of glory when God is concerned. Jesus IS the glory of God! ... the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving so that they might not see the light of the ...
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10 votes

Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin?

The Sign of Immanuel in Isaiah 7:14 is the single most debated text in scripture. Dozens—literally dozens—of PhD dissertations have been written on it. There are three main questions inherent in the ...
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10 votes

How can Isaiah 42:8 possibly be true, if John 13:31-32 is true?

This question is really only an apparent contradiction if one begins with the assumption that Jesus is not and never was YHWH of the OT. If this is a contradiction, then there are many more of them - ...
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9 votes
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Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin?

The answer to whether עַלְמָה means "young maiden" or "virgin" may lie in the answer to a second question. The meaning of the word אוֹת has a tremendous impact on how we read Isaiah 7:14. The word ...
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9 votes
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Is there a break between Isaiah 39 and 40 in the Dead Sea Scrolls?

In a 2013 interview with Dr Peter Flint, who is an editor on the Isaiah scroll, he had the following to say about the issue: Many scholastic studies tell us that the book of Isaiah was divided into ...
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8 votes

Whose blood is on the white rider's robe?

It's possible to be a little more emphatic about the connection to Isaiah 63:3 which is routinely cited by commentators as an "intertext" for Revelation 19:13. This is a significant connection ...
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8 votes

What were the translators of the LXX thinking in rendering “virgin” in Isaiah 7:14?

The translation of almah as virgin makes no sense in context. First, the word almah is a vague term that means a young woman. Betulah is a more specific term for a virgin, especially one whose ...
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8 votes
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What is the meaning of the repetition of "holy" in Isaiah 6:3?

There have been a couple of recent treatments of the Trisagion -- at least, these are ones I'm aware of. In 2008 H.G.M. Williamson's "Wellhausen Lecture" was published as Holy, Holy, Holy: The Story ...
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8 votes

What is meant by keeping people blind and deaf so as not to get healed?

The way many read Isaiah 6:9-10 is to hear it as ironic, as showing God expressing his utter frustration with Israel. God will give Isaiah his very word to proclaim to his people, but they'll still ...
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8 votes

Does the past tense in the suffering servant song (Isaiah 53) refer to Jesus?

Isaiah did not write in the past tense. Biblical Hebrew does not employ tenses in the same way as English or Greek do. Isaiah wrote this chapter in perfect aspect ie he saw the actions of the verbs as ...
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8 votes
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How did “Sirens” arise in the Septuagint translation of Isaiah 13:21?

Subsequent to the publication of Greek Myths and Christian Mystery, referenced by another answer, Manolis Papoutsakis made an ingenious hypothesis that may finally solve the mystery as to how the odd ...
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8 votes

In Isaiah 14:12 did the King James translator make a mistake using the term Lucifer to describe morning star?

When the KJV and other Reformation-era English translations were written, Lucifer was already seen as a proper noun for Satan The OED gives five instances of Lucifer being used as a proper noun ...
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8 votes

Does Matthew 3:3 prove the divinity of Christ, and, if so, how?

The Matthew 3:1-3 verses prove that John the Baptist was the one foretold to prepare the way of the Lord, as in Isaiah 40:3. This was also foretold in Malachi 3:1, hundreds of years before the ...
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7 votes
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What were the translators of the LXX thinking in rendering “virgin” in Isaiah 7:14?

A note about the flavor of the two major extant text traditions: The LXX was very Messianic in interpretation, in keeping with Jewish tendencies at the time. In contrast, after the events of the first ...
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7 votes

Does the past tense in the suffering servant song (Isaiah 53) refer to Jesus?

Rabbi David Kimchi (דוד קמחי), also known as RaDaK (רד"ק), who lived from 1160–1235 A.D., wrote this in his Sefer Mikhlol concerning the usage of the past tense in prophecies (which naturally ...
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7 votes
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Are nous and pneuma synonymous?

No, they are not synonymous. In way of background, we note that the Hebrew rûaḥ is commonly rendered by the Greek pneuma, both commonly rendered by the English spirit. The OP is wondering why, in ...
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7 votes

What is the meaning of “Rahab who sits still.”?

The ESV comment on Isaiah 30:6-7 says this: Isaiah mocks the Judean embassy carrying payment to the court of Egypt. The danger and difficulty of the journey, the expense of the purchase, and its ...
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7 votes
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How does the OT quote in Galatians 4:27 relate to the situation in Galatia at that time?

First, What was the situation in Galatia at that time? Once that is established, the reason for the OT quote should become clearer. On Paul and Barnabas’s first missionary tour, they had established ...
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