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So there are perhaps two angles to this question: What's the first literal claim of 'I Am' = 'Yahweh' in reference to this verse? How early was this understood as a claim to divinity? I introduce the second angle because of your follow-up comment that expresses that view that prior to evidence including a clear direct link to 'YHWH', this passage would not ...


5

"Word" (Logos) being capitalized by some versions is consistent with some versions capitalizing all of Jesus numerous titles. Here is a sample: Word, Word of God, Word of Life, John 1:1, 14, 1 John 1:1, Rev 19:13 First and Last, Rev 1:17, 22:13. Compare Isa 41:4, 44:6, 48:12 Emanuel, Matt 1:22 Savior, 2 Tim 1:10, Totus 1:4, 2:13, 3:6. Compare ...


5

O λογος (The Word) , the subject in John 1:1, is a title of person, specifically of someone who is God (θεος). ὁ λόγος was one of the many titles of Jesus in the gospel of John. Jesus had the titles The Word, The Lamb, The Bread, The Light, The Door in the Johannine gospel (1:1, 1:14, 6:35, 8:12, 10:9). Neither word nor light nor door nor lamb nor bread is a ...


4

There are many indispensable tools in linguistic translation, but two of the more important in Hebrew translation are Lexicons and the Septuagint. Lexicons are important because, as wikipedia says Linguistic theories generally regard human languages as consisting of two parts: a lexicon, essentially a catalogue of a language's words (its wordstock); and a ...


4

This place is called גִּלְעָד everywhere else in Tanakh; it is only called גַּלְעֵד here. The word גַּלְעֵד can be broken into two words גַּל (pile) and עֵד (witness) which are both used in the passage. The word גִּלְעָד cannot be split in the same way. Thus the author is likely using גַּלְעֵד as the etymology for the word גִּלְעָד. Next, note that only the ...


4

The first reason to believe the predictions of Matthew 24:29-31 are fulfilled is that's the most straightforward way of reading the text. Matthew 24:34 (shortly after) says "Truly I tell you, this generation will not pass away until all these things have happened." To this you can add that it's the most straightforward way of reading Matthew 16:...


4

Without disputing any of other answers, I wanted to provide more interpretations and arguments: Emendation switching "Amalek" with "valley" Several manuscripts of the LXX have “in the valley” rather than “into Amalek.” Brannan, R., & Loken, I. (2014). The Lexham Textual Notes on the Bible (Jdg 5:14). Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press. ...


3

As explained by @Frank Luke, the original Jewish audience for Matthew would immediately have connected the number 14 to David. This was anticipated in verse 1 where Jesus is introduced as the "Son of David". It is crucial for Matthew to underscore that Jesus was the Messiah=Son of David. Of course, "son" is here used in an extended, ...


3

The verb ἁγιάζω (hagiazó), variously translated "sanctify", "make holy", "hallow", "consecrate", etc, has the primary meaning, "to set apart for a special duty". (See BDAG and Thayer) Thus, when something or someone is set apart, it or they are dedicated to a special duty in contradistinction from other ...


3

Gerald L. Borchert (in John 1–11, vol. 25A, of The New American Commentary, page 126) identifies and summarizes well the adversarial nature of "the Jews" in the gospel of John. The use of the term “Jews” here, as in most of the Gospel, belies immediately an adversarial thrust to these persons. While there is an affirmation at 4:22 that salvation ...


3

Was it simply another form of alcoholic beverage like beer, a type of liquor or a drink laced with some type of drug? No. It was specifically a Hebrew concept. It was a word that the average Gentile never heard of. strong drink, σίκερα (sikera) Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular Strong's Greek 4608: Intoxicating drink. Of Hebrew origin; an intoxicant, i.e. ...


3

The question is predicated on the erroneous assumption that Revelation's chapters are Chronological. I know of no school of prophecy that suggests this. It appears, taking the book of Daniel and his parallel prophecies as a precedent, that many of the sections of the book of revelation are parallel; that cover the same things but from different ...


3

How do we reconcile Satan's authority over death with Christ's authority? First, I would suggest that the sequence of who has the "power of death" is irrelevant: only God has the power of life and death. From Revelation 12:9, it seems very clear "the dragon" = "the serpent of old" = the Devil and Satan". It should be ...


2

Was God's motive for barring man from eating of the "tree of knowledge" as given by the serpent true? No. Jesus speaks to the Pharisees in John 8: 44 You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he ...


2

The tree of the knowledge of good and evil represents the true God's sovereignty, his right to rule over what he had created. In other words, only the true God could rule in such a way for deciding what was in the best interests of what he created (good) and what wasn't in the best interests of what he created (evil). The True God wanted Adam to have faith ...


2

I believe the historical context is indeed very helpful here. Ephesus circa AD 63 If 1 Timothy is a genuine epistle of Paul (see arguments that it is here and here pp.74-78), it was written sometime between Paul’s departure from Ephesus in ~AD 55 and his death which occurred no later than AD 68. My own Pauline chronology puts 1 Timothy’s composition between ...


2

Matthew 2:1 refers to Herod the Great, son of Antipater who ruled from 37-4 BC. Luke 3:1 refers to Herod Antipas, Son of Herod the Great, who ruled from 4 BC to 39 AD. He was the one refered in Matthew 14 responsible for the death of John the Baptist and also the one in Jesus' interrogation (Luke 23:6–12). So they're definitely not the same person: Matthew 2 ...


2

I have seen some herculean efforts to foist a first century interpretation on Matt 24:29-31. Most are based on what is unknown and unknowable rather than on historical fact. We should interpret Matt 24 & 25 (it is a single sermon) as it says it should be interpreted according to the opening verses, viz, Matt 24:2, 3 “Do you see all these things?” He ...


2

Before we can answer what the new covenant is, we should first answer what it is not. Let's first examine the verse you cited: (I Cor. 11:25 NKJV) "In the same manner He also took the cup after supper, saying, 'This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.' Who's blood was used to put the new ...


2

The first prophecy against Egypt was given to Ezekiel (called “Son of man” 93 times) in the tenth year, in the tenth month on the twelfth day (Ezekiel 29:1-2). The date corresponds to January 7, 587 B.C. based on an analysis by German theologian Bernhard Lang. The second prophecy was given to Ezekiel in the twenty-seventh year, in the first month on the ...


2

God's decreed word God had decreed that they will be taken to Babylon and those who were repentant will survive by submitting to the Babylonian king and in later years will return back Jeremiah 29:10 NASB 10 “For this is what the Lord says: ‘When seventy years have been completed for Babylon, I will visit you and fulfill My good word to you, to bring you ...


2

The description and activities of the sea beast can be seen in Rev 13;1-10 with the following literary structure Introduction: 13:1, 2a The sea beast introduced and described (similar to the dragon) Overview: 13:2b, 3a Dragon gave power, throne and great authority to sea beast whose fatal wound that had been healed Detail: 13:3b A: Whole earth ...


2

When did the dragon get this authority to be able to delegate authority? Apparently, it was around the time of Jesus as declared by the devil in Luke 4:6 "I will give You authority over all these kingdoms and all their glory," he said. "For it has been relinquished to me, and I can give it to anyone I wish. Jesus didn't correct him. All ...


2

Yes, it is about the direction, not the location, and this is an aspect of Hebrew culture not specific to Jeremiah. There are several reasons why evil comes from the north: Astrologically. The constellation Draco, the serpent, winds around the North star (the North star changes over time, but whatever north star there is (currently Polaris) Draco wraps ...


2

The verbs in each case are different verbs. Ps 48:9 Here the operative verb is דָּמָה (damah) whose meaning is (according to BDB) is: 1 liken, i.e. consider to be like, compare, causative of Qal followed by לְ of external appearance Songs 1:9; of quality or condition Isaiah 46:5 (object ׳י) Lamentations 2:13; followed by אֶל of external appearance Isaiah 40:...


2

NIV Jas 4: 4 You adulterous people, don’t you know [G1492] that friendship with the world means enmity against God? Therefore, anyone who chooses to be a friend of the world becomes an enemy of God. James 4: 14 Why, you do not even know [G1987] what will happen tomorrow. What is your life? You are a mist that appears for a little while and then vanishes. ...


1

The short answer to the question is - the ESV accurately translates the operative word מִדְבָּר See appendix below for BDB meaning. This word occurs about 271 times in the OT and is mostly translated "wilderness", eg, Gen 14:6, 16:7, 21:14, 21:20, etc. The question SHOULD be, Why does the KJV translate the word as "south". I do not ...


1

This covenant is by rebirth and is not of bloodlines (blood), nor something that one can convert into like a proselyte (will of man), it’s not something that comes naturally (will of the flesh). “But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor ...


1

The concept of cosmology, the study of the universe and how it works including the orbits of stars, planets, etc, is very modern. It arose after the renaissance probably just before the time of Sir Isaac Newton. Because these ideas are deeply ingrained in modern culture, every effort must be made not to read these ideas back into the Biblical text. The ...


1

What does “sanctified” mean in John 10:36? Definition from Google What it means to be sanctified? "To make holy; set apart as sacred; consecrate. to purify or free from sin: Sanctify your hearts. to impart religious sanction to; render legitimate or binding: to sanctify a vow. to entitle to reverence or respect. to make productive of or conducive to ...


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