15 votes
Accepted

Does the idea of being "born again" have a root earlier than John/Peter (or Jesus)?

Nicodemus Should Have Known from the Old Testament That the Old Testament is the source of the doctrine is confirmed by Christ Himself, for Nicodemus was supposed to have known these things. A ...
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15 votes
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What are the oldest known records of interpretation agreeing with New Perspective on Paul?

1977 and All That There is a clear consensus marking the starting point of the "New Perspective on Paul" -- it was the landmark publication of E.P. Sanders' Paul and Palestinian Judaism: A Comparison ...
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15 votes

Why is Revelation 19:11-16 interpreted by some to refer to Jesus Christ?

I’m not saying that your postulate is an impossibility but it seems unlikely that this passage refers to a representative of Christ instead of Christ himself for the following reasons: The theme of ...
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14 votes

Was Potiphar, being a captain of an Egyptian guard, likely a eunuch?

I regret that I do not have access to the article by Johnston, but I understand his gist from Susan’s answer. First of all, the argument that “research has failed to turn up any evidence for the use ...
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  • 5,180
13 votes
Accepted

Was Potiphar, being a captain of an Egyptian guard, likely a eunuch?

The word used to describe Potiphar's relationship with Pharaoh (37:36, 39:1) is sārı̂s, which is indeed commonly glossed "eunuch" (e.g. BDB; cf. LXX εὐνοῦχος). However, to my knowledge no major ...
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12 votes
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Assessments of the evidence for the "Gap Theory" reading of Genesis 1:1-2?

Note: Since some gap theory arguments rely on phrasing in the King James, I will be quoting from the KJV unless otherwise noted. All verses will be examined in the KJV, other versions will be listed ...
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10 votes
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Was there any significance to the term χριστὸς in koine Greek outside of Judeo-Christian thought?

The attestation of χριστός outside of Jewish/Christian antique Greek literature is quite small. This is immediately apparent if you look at a list of all occurrences known to the Perseus corpus, as ...
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  • 24.5k
10 votes
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Why is Revelation 19:11-16 interpreted by some to refer to Jesus Christ?

The Rider on the white horse of Rev 19 is clearly Jesus Christ for the reasons listed in the appendix below. The sticking point is the title/name, "The Word of God". This title in the ...
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9 votes

What does Paul mean by "unworthy manner" in 1 Corinthians 11:27-32?

I'd tend to look back at 1 Corinthians 10:14-17 (NIV), note the focus on one and unity. 14 Therefore, my dear friends, flee from idolatry. 15 I speak to sensible people; judge for yourselves what ...
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  • 199
9 votes

Proverbs 18:22's grossly oversimplified, glib, nonchalant view about getting married

Here's a more positive way to look at Proverbs 18:22. Proverbs 18 is an anthology of traditional sayings for a variety of different circumstances that are not elucidated in the text itself because at ...
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8 votes

The Ten Commandments were based on the Code of Hammurabi?

I don't know of any scholar who denies that Hammurabi wrote a code of laws before Moses received the Ten Commandments and the accompanying law. So if the question is: Did Moses invent the idea of ...
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  • 217
8 votes

What are the oldest known records of interpretation agreeing with New Perspective on Paul?

(Note: I am answering this question at the request of another user, made here.) The "New" Perspective on Paul The New Perspective on Paul is really a whole collection of overlapping and sometimes ...
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8 votes

How should the, "discernment of spirits," in 1 Corinthians 12:10 be interpreted taking cultural context into account?

If you are suggesting that the "discerning" or "distinguishing" of spirits in verse 10 refers to something along the lines of divination, I don't believe that this is how the verse was understood. It ...
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  • 9,775
8 votes

Was Melchisedeck eternal in Hebrews 7:3?

While I am sure that Melchisedek is eternal in the sense that he is in heaven with Christ, Heb. 7:3 was not saying Melchisidek never had a mother or father. The understanding comes from knowing ...
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  • 8,594
7 votes

Was there precedent for John to link the satan and the serpent?

Mark Edward did a fantastic job of covering the Biblical link between the serpent and Satan, so I will not re-hash that, but I would like to directly address the second part of the OPs question: ...
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7 votes

How did Joanna "get away with" sponsoring Jesus' ministry?

Luke 8:3 says that Joanna was the wife of Chuza Herod’s "epitropos". Another text may shed further light on this. In John 4:46ff we read that: 46 So he [Jesus] came again to Cana in Galilee, where ...
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7 votes

Does the idea of being "born again" have a root earlier than John/Peter (or Jesus)?

The origin of the Christian teaching of the ‘new birth’ is at most partly an outworking of the Hebrew concept of a resurrection, it uses words in Greek that can barely be traced in other literature ...
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7 votes

Historical Evidence that the Jewish Calendar Day Began at Sunset?

Clarification on Terms My definitions for clarification. Evening: The period of the Sun descending toward the horizon to set. Sunset: The exact time the Sun is no longer visible above the horizon. ...
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7 votes

How is the Shema interpreted by those who think Israel had henotheistic beliefs?

In the article Hebrew Henotheism: Challenging the notion of Biblical Monotheism, the case is made that the Shema was to be understood relationally with Israel. The 1985 edition of the Jewish ...
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  • 2,812
7 votes
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How Should "Mammon" be Interpreted - Linguistically?

The word is Aramaic (ממון in Hebrew script) and means something like "wealth". μαμωνᾶς is simply the Greek transliteration of the Aramaic word. Here is Jastrow's entry for it: It appears throughout ...
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  • 9,775
7 votes

Proverbs 18:22's grossly oversimplified, glib, nonchalant view about getting married

I liked the other answers and have upvoted; this answer is not intended to compete with them but to complement them. Passages like Prov 18:22 appear glib and simplistic, somewhat akin to a motherhood ...
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  • 71.9k
6 votes

What does Paul mean by "unworthy manner" in 1 Corinthians 11:27-32?

The word Paul uses here, is αναξιως, a compound word consisting of αν + αξιως. So, it means "not" + "appropriately" or "inappropriately". In 1 Corinthians 11:24-25, Paul records how Jesus instituted ...
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  • 4,785
6 votes

What does "the assembly of the LORD" refer to?

The Tanakh translates בִּקְהַ֖ל יְהוָֽה in Deuteronomy 23 as "congregation of the LORD." Bernard M. Levinson's commentary in the JPS Study Bible states: The congregation of the LORD (v.2) served ...
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6 votes

Assessments of the evidence for the "Gap Theory" reading of Genesis 1:1-2?

The Idea in Brief From the perspective of the Hebrew Bible, there are three apparent reasons why there is a “gap” of indefinite time between Gen 1:1 and Gen 1:2. Discussion First, the Hebrew ...
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6 votes

Was John the Baptist a member of the Essene community at Qumran?

There are several questions lying beneath the surface of this question: 1) Is it 'conclusive' that the Qumran Scrolls are the work of the Essenes? Scholars are generally in agreement with this ...
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  • 6,598
6 votes

Genesis 2:18 - How to interpret "before", in "helper before him"?

Koehler Baumgartner (HALOT) lists נֶגֶד here as originally a substantive, not a preposition. So with the 3rd person pronominal suffix, and the כ inseparable preposition, would be something like "...
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  • 161
6 votes

John 19:30 - What did Jesus say "was finished"?

The phrase actually translates one word in Greek, tetelestai, from the root tele­ō, which means "to finish, fulfill." Significantly, this specific form of the verb, tetelestai, is only found twice in ...
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6 votes
Accepted

How far was a "Sabbath's Day Journey"?

The Rabbis determined their answer based on Joshua 3:4 where the distance from the tents to the Tabernacle was about 2000 cubits (.5+ miles). So the Jewish people would have been allowed to travel at ...
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