15 votes

Does God order that infants be dashed to pieces in Hosea 13:16?

No, No, No!!! Hos 13:16 is a simple statement of future fact (ie, a prophecy) - Samaria was unfaithful to God (by rebellion) and thus would be invaded by barbarous people who would do unspeakable ...
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15 votes
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What evidence is used to support the claim that Isaiah was written before the reign of King Cyrus?

Prima Facie evidence The primary evidence is that the text claims to have been written by Isaiah the son of Amoz, and that his career spanned portions of the reigns of Kings Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and ...
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11 votes
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Why did the Mosaic Law prohibit the ancient Israelites from eating pork?

In the Hebrew Scriptures, death was "dirty." For example, contact with anything dead (whether animal or man) made the Israelite unclean in the ritual sense. Thus any scavenger was not appropriate for ...
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10 votes

Should the word 'satan' be left untranslated, merely be transliterated and left to the traditional connotations?

The lexical meaning of the noun שָׂטָן śāṭān in biblical Hebrew is "adversary" or the like. It occurs 27x in 23 verses in the Hebrew Bible. In most instances, it is clear this it is best translated by ...
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10 votes
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Ancient Hebrew Calendar(s) and Modern Translations of "Years"

The ancient Hebrews used a lunar calendar; each month began with the sighting of the new crescent, and continued until the next sighting, which means that approximately half of the months had 29 days, ...
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  • 5,180
10 votes

Is there a way to express monotheism in hebrew language?

Although I have my qualms about the particular way that OP has formulated the question, it is an interesting one and could be sharply focused on two texts -- or textual clusters -- in the Hebrew Bible....
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9 votes
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Have any of the books mentioned in but not included in the Old Testament been preserved?

The short answer to your questions is that none of these books have survived. This is not surprising; a very large number of books existed in the ancient world of which only a tiny minority have been ...
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  • 5,180
9 votes
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Frequency of each binyan (grammatical conjugation) in the OT?

From: B. Waltke and M. O'Connor, An Introduction to Biblical Hebrew Syntax (Eisenbrauns, 1990), § 21.2.3e, p. 361: +-------------+------+------------+------+ | Occurrences ...
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9 votes
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How do those who argue the Hebrew Bible does not have a concept of the afterlife support that claim?

Introduction I take it this is a question about the nature of the evidence relating to "life after death" in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament; hereafter "HB"), and the scholarly interpretation of that ...
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9 votes

Did God command the making of graven images, in Exodus and Numbers?

No, God did not contradict Himself, since He never forbade all kinds of images to begin with, that, going on to command images to be made, He could be said to contradict Himself. Something is always ...
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  • 8,627
9 votes

Does God condone rape in Deuteronomy 22:28-29?

No, this command does not condone rape. In fact, this act was meant to protect women. Let’s examine the specific context surrounding this verse. Stating in verse 23, we see that the next couple verses ...
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  • 221
8 votes

What are the many Sabbaths referred to in scripture?

You appear to be overlooking the obvious reading because you are attaching the plural to the wrong thing in your head. 1 sabbath = 1 period of 7 days ending in a day of rest. 2 sabbaths = 2 periods ...
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What is the meaning of the Hebrew name 'I-chabod' in 1 Samuel 4:21?

The "chabod" part of the name Ichabod (אִיכָבוֹד) comes without doubt from the word כָּבוֹד, which is the word for glory in the latter portion of the verse. The "I" (אִי) has been interpreted ...
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  • 3,650
8 votes
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How can we trust the Hebrew Bible to be accurate when the oldest MSS go back only to about the tenth century C.E.?

39+ different answers The Old Testament is not a single book, but a collection of 39 books (or 46, depending on who you ask). Some of these books are well-attested in Hebrew before the 10th century, ...
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7 votes

What does "milk and honey" refer to?

I think it's helpful to frame answers in parts. So here goes a three-part response: First, 'flowing' connotes the abundance of something. (This point is a one-liner, because I won't insult anyone's ...
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7 votes

How is the Shema interpreted by those who think Israel had henotheistic beliefs?

In the article Hebrew Henotheism: Challenging the notion of Biblical Monotheism, the case is made that the Shema was to be understood relationally with Israel. The 1985 edition of the Jewish ...
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  • 2,812
7 votes

Is the resurrection taught in the Old Testament?

Yes, the resurrection was talked about in the Old Testament, but some Jewish sects accepted only 5 of its 39 books as divinely inspired (just as today Roman Catholic Bibles have 46 books in the Old ...
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6 votes

Ancient Hebrew Calendar(s) and Modern Translations of "Years"

The Essenes (headquartered in Qumran) used a solar calendar like the one described in Jubilees and 1 Enoch. Here, each of the twelve months had 30 days except for the last month of each quarter which ...
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6 votes
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Dreaming a Dream vs. Dreaming

Grammatical Considerations Hebrew grammarians recognize what is called a cognate accusative. Ronald Williams in his Williams' Hebrew Syntax, 3rd ed. (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010) ...
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6 votes
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What was Nicodemus supposed to know from the Old Testament about being born again?

There are two passages in the Hebrew scriptures that Nicodemus ought to have related to Jesus' words about being born from above. First, there is Isaiah chapter 56 which encourages "the son of the ...
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