Human freedom has limitations. You cannot fly without a mechanism such as an airplane. You are not superman. Drinking poison has consequences. Saul and his solders had exercised their free will by going after David, thus opposing God's will. As a result they paid the consequences of their decision. Free will does not mean we can make decisions ...
Sin is not the consequence of a hardened heart, it is the natural disposition of mankind after the fall. The hardening induced by God is related to the response to the opportunity for repentance and faith.
Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man: But ...
There are two categories mentioned in Romans 9:23 and 24.
the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: [Romans 9:22 KJV]
the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, [Romans 9:23 KJV]
'Fitted' is κατηρτισμενα and the fitting is εις, unto. BAGL (1) states the verb is acc. pl. neut. part. perf. pass. I would draw attention to the fact that ...
In Isa 69:28 we find this:
May they be blotted out of the Book of Life and not listed with the
Recall that this was written under divine inspiration, but King David. There are numerous examples where people choose to reject God's free salvation which God respects by adjusting the entries in the Book of Life. Here are further examples of this, ...
I'm not sure how you could read the Tanach ("Old Testament") and come away thinking that man has no free will.
First off, the whole idea of G-d commanding Israel to fulfill commandments, with promises of reward and punishment, implies free will.
It's extremely logical that if G-d says "You shall do XYZ" it assumes that a person can do it.
The apostle Paul addresses this issue in the book of Romans 9 concerning Jacob and Esau, he states the fact that before twins were even born or before they did anything good or bad, in order that God's purpose of election might stand she was told the older will serve the younger(Romans 9:9-13) he adds 'it is written "Jacob I loved but Esau I hated."...
This isn't the conclusion I'd reach from a wider biblical basis, but hermeneutically this passage is an open-and-shut case to me. The authorial intent is as clear as can possibly be:
So then it depends not on human will or exertion, but on God, who has mercy. (v16)
So then he has mercy on whomever he wills, and he hardens whomever he wills. (v18)
Is God's foreknowledge (1 Peter 1) compatible with the belief in libertarian free will
Yes it is
Similarly, how can God know beforehand who are going to be the elect if they can make use of their free will and not obey the call? Are they conditionally elect then? Or is their election unconditional?
The understanding of these texts depends upon whether they ...
What this post is not
This is not a positive argument demonstrating the existence of free will. I believe that is a question better suited to:
Philosophy - showing that it is irrational to believe you do not have free will
Theology - showing that free will is a gift from God and an essential part of His plan
What this post is
This is a negative argument ...
The foreknowledge of God and the human free will of mankind is a mystery that cannot be fully explained. Here is my pathetic attempt using an earthly illustration.
A very good experienced classroom teacher, within a month or so of the start of the academic year already knows who will pass and fail the subject and even what mark each student will achieve. ...
I see 5 hermeneutic approaches to the passage that do not require significant assumptions. None of these hermeneutics are required by the text, nor are they all mutually exclusive.
Discard the axiom of God's absolute foreknowledge (most Jews & Christians do not wish to do this)
It's a contradiction (e.g. see Isaiah 46:10)
Noah (presumably our source ...
I would not go so far as to say that middle knowledge is required by this text, but the text is certainly consistent with middle knowledge. Stating the predicate of a counterfactual (e.g. if ~X then ~Y) would either require:
A. Tremendous familiarity with the people/circumstances involved
B. Middle knowledge, which is just a special case of A
How were the elect elected in Romans 11:7?
Romans 11:7 (ESV):
7 What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect
obtained it, but the rest were hardened,
The elect are those people that accepted Jesus and exercised faith in his name, they will become children of God
John 1:11-12 NASB
11 He came to His [a]own, and His own people did not [...
Although I don't see a legal right to temptation arising from these verses on their own (though Paul certainly acknowledges they will be tempted, see appendix for more on free will), I propose that three of Paul's prior statements shed light on his meaning:
you must no longer walk as the Gentiles do, in the futility of their
minds. They are darkened in ...
The basic take of this question is a presupposition that since what we call "free action", "free choice" can be caused either by previous causes and thus cannot be free, or is grounded on randomness and then it becomes foolish and loses all dignity.
This presupposition is plain wrong. There exists in humanity, in all cultures and ...
Responsibility to choose does not equate with “free will”. And not until the Son has truly set us free can we first see that all our choices up till then were made on the basis of being enslaved – to sin. The true freedom Jesus spoke of in that section of scripture is freedom from our slavery to sin. He liberates the captives who truly believe in him, and ...
30 And I sought for a man among them who should build up the wall and stand in the breach before me for the land, that I should not destroy it, but I found none.
It showed the extremely sad state of the affair at the time, in contrast to Psalm 106:
So He said He would destroy them--had not Moses His chosen one stood before Him in the breach ...
This response hopefully provides something for consideration. First, the contention is with the land, and not man, that is, not those that inhabit it.
The earth is not* inanimate. It is not a neutral entity. When Adam ‘fell’, that [seriously] affected the earth. The ‘curse’ effected this. In Noah’s ‘flood’, it was the earth that reacted to [excessive] ...
Jesus is making it clear that even though they may have come from Abraham it does not mean they are free. It was through the seed of Abraham that they were missing… They did not realize Christ was the promised seed of Abraham and everything would come through him.
They did not see that they were slaves to sin… They were blind to themselves.
34Jesus answered ...
The phrase after ἐλευθερώσῃ, ὄντως ἐλεύθεροι ⸀ἔσεσθε, means "you will really/indeed be free. ὄντως means really, certainly, in truth (BADG), the word giving the meaning indeed.
Jesus answered most of your question in the verses before 8:36. It's set free from sin:
31 So Jesus said to the Jews who had believed him, “If you abide in my word, you are ...
Rom. 11:33 states, "How impossible it is for us to understand his decisions and his methods." God has all knowledge.
That includes foreknowledge, present knowledge and all that can be known. Molinism, which tries to make a special brand of knowledge out of middle knowledge, is completely unnecessary as God has all knowledge. Middle knowledge is ...
In addition to the excellent answer by Nihil, I offer a first-order logical perspective here.
The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened,
2 Corinthians 3:14
But their minds were made dull, for to this day the same veil remains when the old covenant is read. It has not been removed, because only in Christ is it taken away.
There are ...
The elect are those found in Christ.
“even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love he predestined (set the GPS destination in advance) us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will,”
No human born from Adam’s ...
Does not the potter have the right to make out of the same lump of clay some pottery for special purposes and some for common use?
This verse shows God's sovereign power over his creation from the verticle perspective. The next verse shows the horizontal perspective that man hardens his own heart.
When Pharaoh saw that the rain and ...
This verse under the insistence of framed question, is a high traffic intersection, that requires a lot of unpacking which, while necessary to understand why God phrased Himself in this way, will make those with a pre-commitment to certain dogmas unnecessarily uncomfortable. If the Bible is to be believed, then let it say what it will and let us follow ...
Some doctrinal views have trouble with several sections of the Bible - God not knowing where Adam was, having to go and find out what was happening at Babel, and in Sodom and Gomorrah. etc. Now - I am certainly not saying God does not have foreknowledge - he most assuredly does!
However, some doctrinal views of ‘foreknowledge’ would have issues with this ...
Is God gaining any kind of new information about us by testing us?
No, not in terms of information data. It does not add to God's 'knowledge base'. He knows everything already even without a formal knowledge base.
The testing is done to increase our knowledge base so that we know what kind of characters we are. God tests us to perfect/mature us as in James 1:...
'To harden' doesn't mean 'to make into something,' but to have something remain in the state it was found by ensuring it does not change from that state.
We can be sure that what God means by 'I will harden his heart' is talking about the same thing as Exodus 8:15:
And Pharaoh hardened his heart, so that neither this time would he let the people go.
Psalm 139:16 New International Version
Your eyes saw my unformed body; all the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be.
This is the psalmist's way of expressing the concept of God's omniscience. Yes, absolutely all his days were fashioned by God and written in His book.
Despite David's grievous sins, God is in control:
OP Psalm 139 (excerpts), Even before a word is on my tongue, O Lord, you know it completely. You hem me in, behind and before, and lay your hand upon me. ... In your book were written all the days that were formed for me, when none of them as yet existed.
From the vertical/spiritual point of view, events are already organized and known to God Omniscient.